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Abbreviation: CT
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Long forms: 1941

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
computed tomography
(84589 times)
Radiology
(17959 times)
MRI (10434 times)
PET (3760 times)
MR (3163 times)
0 [Relapsing autoimmune pancreatitis type 1: case report].
chemotherapy
(1754 times)
Neoplasms
(1133 times)
RT (674 times)
OS (365 times)
CR (143 times)
1978 New leukemia in the course of therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
cholera toxin
(1598 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(628 times)
LT (105 times)
TCP (72 times)
cAMP (64 times)
1974 Cyclic adenosine monophosphate and alteration of Chinese hamster ovary cell morphology: a rapid, sensitive in vitro assay for the enterotoxins of Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli.
calcitonin
(1548 times)
Endocrinology
(471 times)
PTH (259 times)
MTC (237 times)
CGRP (161 times)
1971 Renal effects of calcitonin and parathyroid extract in man. Studies in hypoparathyroidism.
charge transfer
(1520 times)
Chemistry
(985 times)
DFT (93 times)
LE (69 times)
TDDFT (60 times)
1975 Charge-transfer studies of the availability of aromatic side chains of proteins in guanidine hydrochloride.
Chlamydia trachomatis
(1085 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(244 times)
NG (280 times)
STIs (108 times)
TV (103 times)
1980 Chlamydia trachomatis infection in patients with laparoscopically verified acute salpingitis. Results of isolation and antibody determinations.
choroidal thickness
(677 times)
Ophthalmology
(296 times)
OCT (58 times)
SD-OCT (54 times)
AL (50 times)
1977 Cortical thickness measurements and photon absorptiometry for determination of bone quantity.
cancer-testis
(317 times)
Neoplasms
(175 times)
HCC (22 times)
RT-PCR (18 times)
IHC (13 times)
1997 SSX: a multigene family with several members transcribed in normal testis and human cancer.
cognitive therapy
(299 times)
Psychiatry
(110 times)
MDD (39 times)
CBT (36 times)
BT (20 times)
1984 Cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy. Singly and together in the treatment of depression.
10  control
(249 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
CD (8 times)
ET (8 times)
HF (8 times)
1981 Calorigenic and cardiovascular responses to norepinephrine in anesthetized and unanesthetized control and cold-acclimated rats.
11  conventional tillage
(204 times)
Environmental Health
(73 times)
NT (68 times)
SOC (24 times)
RT (22 times)
1984 Intensified insulin therapy in the type I diabetic adolescent: a controlled trial.
12  clotting time
(197 times)
Hematology
(38 times)
MCF (65 times)
ROTEM (55 times)
CFT (50 times)
1982 Fibrin gel structure and clotting time.
13  condensed tannins
(194 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(80 times)
DM (35 times)
CP (15 times)
FEC (15 times)
1986 The role of condensed tannins in the nutritional value of Lotus pedunculatus for sheep. 4. Sites of carbohydrate and protein digestion as influenced by dietary reactive tannin concentration.
14  calf thymus
(183 times)
Biochemistry
(73 times)
EB (24 times)
CD (20 times)
BSA (15 times)
1975 Incidence of serum anti-DNA precipitins in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus by counterimmunoelectrophoresis.
15  chorda tympani
(181 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
GL (24 times)
GSP (19 times)
NST (15 times)
1979 Lingual projections to the dorsal pons of the rat, studied by the field potential analysis.
16  circadian time
(174 times)
Physiology
(59 times)
SCN (80 times)
LD (17 times)
ZT (10 times)
1979 Kinetics of the cycloheximide-induced phase changes in the biological clock in Gonyaulax.
17  cytoplasmic tail
(147 times)
Virology
(61 times)
Env (21 times)
TM (19 times)
HA (9 times)
1988 Biochemical complexity of serum HLA class I molecules.
18  closure time
(141 times)
Hematology
(61 times)
vWF (23 times)
CEPI (20 times)
PFA (20 times)
1998 Screening for von Willebrand disease with a new analyzer using high shear stress: a study of 60 cases.
19  carbon tetrachloride
(131 times)
Environmental Health
(77 times)
CF (43 times)
TCE (25 times)
DCM (8 times)
1985 Temporal relationship between hyperaldosteronism, sodium retention and ascites formation in rats with experimental cirrhosis.
20  cricothyroid
(121 times)
Otolaryngology
(57 times)
TA (70 times)
PCA (48 times)
EMG (21 times)
1975 Localization of laryngeal motor neurons in the kitten.
21  contraction time
(118 times)
Physiology
(46 times)
AF (15 times)
ERP (11 times)
HRT (9 times)
1970 Enzymic and physiological studies on normal and disused developing fast and slow cat muscles.
22  connective tissue
(117 times)
Dentistry
(49 times)
NB (6 times)
SE (6 times)
SM (6 times)
1959 The distribution and kinetics of release of radiocalcium in tendon and skeletal muscle.
23  C-terminal
(108 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
NT (28 times)
CaM (9 times)
APOE (6 times)
1994 Protein domains connect cell cycle stimulation directly to initiation of DNA replication.
24  clinical trial
(100 times)
Medicine
(21 times)
OS (11 times)
WHI (9 times)
AD (5 times)
1991 [Clinical trial of drugs: a study of the influence of information on adverse reactions on obtaining of informed consent].
25  cytidylyltransferase
(100 times)
Biochemistry
(81 times)
PC (41 times)
CK (7 times)
PE (6 times)
1985 Evaluation of possible mechanisms of phorbol ester stimulation of phosphatidylcholine synthesis in HeLa cells.
26  carboxyl-terminal
(95 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
Cx43 (17 times)
CaM (5 times)
Cx (4 times)
1993 Multiple functions of the adenovirus DNA-binding protein are required for efficient viral DNA synthesis.
27  cognitive training
(94 times)
Geriatrics
(24 times)
AD (11 times)
CR (8 times)
CS (7 times)
1981 Senile dementia: combined pharmacologic and psychologic treatment.
28  childhood trauma
(90 times)
Psychiatry
(59 times)
CTQ (14 times)
CTQ-SF (11 times)
MDD (9 times)
2006 Childhood trauma and emotional reactivity to daily life stress in adult frequent attenders of general practitioners.
29  crista terminalis
(73 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
RA (20 times)
AFL (18 times)
AF (13 times)
1981 The mechanism of AV junctional reentry: role of the atrionodal junction.
30  contact time
(72 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
SL (18 times)
FT (16 times)
SF (11 times)
1999 Neuromuscular characteristics and muscle power as determinants of 5-km running performance.
31  corticothalamic
(63 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
TC (12 times)
CC (11 times)
TRN (5 times)
1985 Identification of two populations of corticothalamic neurons in cat primary somatosensory cortex.
32  critical thinking
(62 times)
Nursing
(32 times)
PBL (8 times)
CCTDI (7 times)
CCTST (6 times)
1996 Issues in measuring critical thinking: meeting the challenge.
33  celiac trunk
(58 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
SMA (31 times)
CHA (9 times)
LGA (8 times)
1989 [Double compression of the celiac and mesenteric arteries by the arcuate ligament. An unusual cause of abdominal angina in young subjects].
34  conservative treatment
(58 times)
Nephrology
(13 times)
HD (12 times)
CKD (9 times)
CRF (7 times)
1978 Erythrocyte organic phosphates in the anemia of renal failure in childhood.
35  cardiothoracic
(55 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
ECG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1988 Assessment of cardiac size on portable chest films.
36  coagulation time
(53 times)
Anesthesiology
(10 times)
MCF (16 times)
PT (12 times)
APTT (10 times)
1981 Comparative effect of clofibrate, garlic and onion on alimentary hyperlipemia.
37  cranial tomography
(53 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
MRI (8 times)
OCT (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
1978 Computed tomography of the brain in children with minimal brain damage: a preliminary study of 46 children.
38  control group
(52 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
ET (4 times)
SP (4 times)
TENS (4 times)
1996 The effect of pentoxifylline on the lung during cardiopulmonary bypass.
39  cytotrophoblast
(52 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
ST (29 times)
IT (11 times)
EGF (5 times)
1984 Immunocytochemical localization of placental lactogen and chorionic gonadotropin in the normal placenta and trophoblastic tumors, with emphasis on intermediate trophoblast and the placental site trophoblastic tumor.
40  carboxyltransferase
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
BC (30 times)
BCCP (17 times)
PC (12 times)
1996 Co-purification, co-imniunoprecipitation, and coordinate expression of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase activity, biotin carboxylase, and biotin carboxyl carrier protein of higher plants.
41  alpha-chymotrypsin
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
CD (7 times)
ILs (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
1975 Mechanism of histamine release by alpha-chymotrypsin from isolated rat mast cells.
42  cholera enterotoxin
(48 times)
Communicable Diseases
(20 times)
LT (10 times)
LTh (3 times)
ace (2 times)
1971 Stimulation of intestinal mucosal adenyl cyclase by cholera enterotoxin and prostaglandins.
43  conventional treatment
(48 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
IT (5 times)
RCTs (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
1987 Lifestyle, metabolic control and social implications of pump therapy in 54 routine type I diabetic patients.
44  core temperature
(47 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HR (13 times)
NT (4 times)
ST (3 times)
1979 Pituitary-brain transport of neurotensin: functional significance of retrograde transport.
45  C-tactile
(46 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
fMRI (6 times)
EMG (3 times)
RSA (3 times)
2002 Unmyelinated tactile afferents signal touch and project to insular cortex.
46  congenital toxoplasmosis
(46 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
PCR (5 times)
DALYs (4 times)
Ig (4 times)
1976 [Demonstration of specific IgM antibody in cases of suspect congenital toxoplasmosis: interpretation of results (author's transl)].
47  combination therapy
(43 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MT (13 times)
CI (4 times)
VL (4 times)
1981 Primidone kinetics: effects of concurrent drugs and duration of therapy.
48  chorda tympani nerve
(41 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
GL (5 times)
GSP (5 times)
MSG (3 times)
1980 Hypothalamic input to brain stem neurons responsive to oropharyngeal stimulation.
49  Connecticut
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
RI (5 times)
CI (4 times)
GA (4 times)
1982 Geographic variation in Peromyscus leucopus: short-day induced reproductive regression and spontaneous recrudescence.
50  cheek teeth
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(39 times)
CAT (2 times)
caps (1 time)
EDTS (1 time)
2000 Equine dental disease part 4: a long-term study of 400 cases: apical infections of cheek teeth.
51  cholesterol
(39 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
TG (24 times)
HDL-C (6 times)
HDL (5 times)
1978 [Lipid particles agglutinated in hyperlipidemias with opalescent sera (author's transl)].
52  cardiac tamponade
(38 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
PE (6 times)
AF (4 times)
CVC (2 times)
1981 [Diagnosis and therapy of cardiac tamponade. An analysis of 50 patients].
53  chronic tonsillitis
(38 times)
Otolaryngology
(29 times)
IgAN (6 times)
HP (3 times)
PTA (3 times)
1990 [Investigation of the bacterial flora in the tonsillar lacunae and serum levels of streptococcal antigen-specific antibodies in patients with pustulosis palmaris et plantaris].
54  census tract
(36 times)
Public Health
(13 times)
SES (6 times)
CI (4 times)
SEHDI (3 times)
2005 Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project.
55  chloramine-T
(36 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
PMN (3 times)
A2-PI (2 times)
alpha 1-PI (2 times)
1977 Comparison of iodine monochloride and modified chloramine-T radioiodination for in vivo protein studies.
56  Cryptotanshinone
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
TIIA (4 times)
AChE (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2005 Simultaneous determination of tanshinone IIA and cryptotanshinone in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry.
57  chest tube
(34 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
LOS (5 times)
CPB (3 times)
PSP (3 times)
1987 Penetrating chest trauma: a 20-year experience.
58  control treatment
(34 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
MT (5 times)
FMA (4 times)
MAL (4 times)
1990 Heat-stress influences on antibody production in chicken lines selected for high and low immune responsiveness.
59  C-terminal domain
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ER (5 times)
TM (5 times)
ATL (3 times)
1996 Detection of cruzipain, the major cysteine proteinase from Trypanosoma cruzi and its C-terminal extension in biological fluids during experimental infection in mice.
60  complementary therapy
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
ART (1 time)
CAMBI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 The use of complementary therapies by breast cancer patients attending conventional treatment.
61  control diet
(29 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ET (9 times)
Ch (5 times)
GD (2 times)
1988 Effect of prenatal exposure to ethanol on the development of cerebral cortex: I. Neuronal generation.
62  cardiac transplantation
(28 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
CHF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1991 Evidence for structural sympathetic reinnervation after orthotopic cardiac transplantation in humans.
63  collecting tubule
(28 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
ARPKD (6 times)
PT (6 times)
DCT (4 times)
1982 Hydroosmotic response of collecting tubules to ADH or cAMP at reduced peritubular sodium.
64  chemotherapy alone
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OS (11 times)
CRT (9 times)
RT (7 times)
1982 Modifying the biological response in acute myeloid leukemia. II. Effect of BCG and leukemic cells on lymphocyte response to mitogens, and on helper and suppressor activity.
65  continuous training
(27 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HIIT (8 times)
IT (8 times)
HIT (3 times)
1992 The effect of interval and continuous training on the aerobic parameters.
66  concurrent training
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
ST (6 times)
ET (5 times)
CSA (3 times)
2007 Acute effect of two aerobic exercise modes on maximum strength and strength endurance.
67  catalase
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SOD (15 times)
MDA (4 times)
Cp (3 times)
1984 [Genetic structure of the populations of native inhabitants in the northeastern USSR. III. Asiatic Eskimos and the coast and reindeer Chukchi].
68  chromosome territory
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
FISH (3 times)
BAC (1 time)
CA1a (1 time)
2000 Chromosome territories, interchromatin domain compartment, and nuclear matrix: an integrated view of the functional nuclear architecture.
69  corticosterone
(25 times)
Brain
(6 times)
GR (7 times)
HPA (4 times)
MR (3 times)
1984 Effects of corticosterone on the electrophysiology of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells in vitro.
70  chitosan
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DEX (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
AITC (1 time)
2002 Octadecanoid signaling component "burst" in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling leaves upon wounding by cut and treatment with fungal elicitor chitosan.
71  conventional
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
NT (5 times)
CS (2 times)
MT (2 times)
1986 Nematode trophic structure in conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems.
72  cytotechnologist
(24 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
CP (3 times)
ROSE (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
1996 Consequences of neural network technology for cervical screening: increase in diagnostic consistency and positive scores.
73  cerebral toxoplasmosis
(23 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GFAP (3 times)
HIV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 [Cerebral toxoplasmosis in patients with AIDS].
74  chymotrypsin
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CF (2 times)
CTG (2 times)
KCIL (2 times)
1976 [pH-dependence of fluorescence parameters of chymotrypsin, chymotrypsinogen, trypsin and lysozyme].
75  colonic transit
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
GE (10 times)
GI (7 times)
CRF (4 times)
2000 Whole gut transit scintigraphy in the clinical evaluation of patients with upper and lower gastrointestinal symptoms.
76  classification tree
(22 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
ANN (3 times)
k-NN (2 times)
LR (2 times)
2001 Assessing spectral algorithms to predict atherosclerotic plaque composition with normalized and raw intravascular ultrasound data.
77  congenital tremor
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
APPV (18 times)
PCV (2 times)
qRT-PCR (2 times)
1989 Type A2 congenital tremor in piglets.
78  cycle time
(22 times)
Technology
(4 times)
CV (2 times)
DT (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1987 Proliferation of pulmonary alveolar macrophages during postnatal development of rabbit lungs.
79  carpal tunnel
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CTS (7 times)
DD (5 times)
alpha-SMA (3 times)
1993 Functional study of hands among patients dialysed for more than 10 years.
80  cecal tonsils
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
BF (5 times)
GALT (5 times)
PP (4 times)
1978 A scanning electron microscope study of the caecal tonsil: the identification of a bacterial attachment to the villi of the caecal tonsil and the possible presence of lymphatics in the caecal tonsil.
81  change talk
(21 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(13 times)
MI (14 times)
CCT (7 times)
ST (6 times)
2007 Client language as a mediator of motivational interviewing efficacy: where is the evidence?
82  combined treatment
(21 times)
Therapeutics
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
PS (2 times)
ST (2 times)
2002 Neurological outcome after experimental cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a result of delayed and potentially treatable neuronal injury?
83  compact tension
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
EDC (2 times)
AFF (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1983 Fracture toughness of acrylic denture base.
84  controlled trials
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
RCT (10 times)
RPE (3 times)
GT (2 times)
1991 Carbohydrate metabolism during intense exercise when hyperglycemic.
85  conventional technique
(21 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
NT (4 times)
HS (3 times)
pmVSDs (2 times)
1986 Staining of Merkel cells of pig snout epidermis using the uranaffin reaction. Morphometric analysis of neuroendocrine granules.
86  cortisol
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
OT (6 times)
ACTH (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
1983 The role of the adrenal gland in control of H+ and NH4+ excretion by toad urinary bladder.
87  catechol
(20 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
HQ (15 times)
DPV (4 times)
GCE (4 times)
1995 Inhibition of 1,2,4-benzenetriol-generated active oxygen species and induction of phase II enzymes by green tea polyphenols.
88  constant-time
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
FDM (2 times)
CTSSI (1 time)
CW (1 time)
1997 Application of multiple-quantum line narrowing with simultaneous 1H and 13C constant-time scalar-coupling evolution in PFG-HACANH and PFG-HACA(CO)NH triple-resonance experiments.
89  counseling and testing
(20 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
HIV (12 times)
TB (2 times)
VCT (2 times)
1991 Publicly funded HIV counseling and testing--United States, 1990.
90  countertransference
(19 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
CBT (1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
1982 Notes on countertransference in borderline conditions.
91  cricothyroid muscle
(19 times)
Otolaryngology
(12 times)
PCA (7 times)
TA (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1982 Arrangement of motoneurons innervating the intrinsic laryngeal muscles of cats as demonstrated by horseradish peroxidase.
92  C. trachomatis
(18 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
LGV (3 times)
NG (3 times)
BV (2 times)
1985 [Clinical observation of non-gonococcal urethritis].
93  circuit training
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
HR (3 times)
BP (2 times)
EPOC (2 times)
1991 The circling training rat model as a behavioral teratology test.
94  completion thyroidectomy
(18 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
TT (13 times)
DTC (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1997 Post-operative complications after completion thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer.
95  conventional thyroidectomy
(18 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
MIVAT (11 times)
HS (3 times)
VAT (3 times)
2001 Comparison between minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and conventional thyroidectomy: a prospective randomized study.
96  combined training
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ET (5 times)
RT (4 times)
AT (3 times)
2004 Effects of home exercises and group training on functional abilities in home-dwelling older persons with mobility and balance problems. A randomized study.
97  central transition
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
MAS (4 times)
ST (4 times)
STs (4 times)
1976 Postnatal development of human brainstem potentials during the first year of life.
98  chest tomography
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
CF (2 times)
AFS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1987 Computed chest tomography in the evaluation of hemoptysis. Impact on diagnosis and treatment.
99  cloacal temperature
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
HR (5 times)
RR (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1988 A modified reduced nocturnal temperature regimen for early-weaned pigs.
100  countertransport
(16 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
NEM (3 times)
EHT (2 times)
AER (1 time)
1984 Red cell sodium countertransport and cotransport in normotensive and hypertensive blacks.