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Abbreviation: CT
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Long forms: 2269

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
computed tomography
(102762 times)
Radiology
(19618 times)
MRI (12556 times)
PET (4445 times)
MR (3431 times)
1975 Computerized axial tomography: clinicopathologic correlation.
chemotherapy
(2138 times)
Neoplasms
(1353 times)
RT (778 times)
OS (511 times)
PFS (177 times)
1978 New leukemia in the course of therapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
charge transfer
(1884 times)
Chemistry
(1186 times)
DFT (111 times)
LE (92 times)
TDDFT (74 times)
1975 Charge-transfer studies of the availability of aromatic side chains of proteins in guanidine hydrochloride.
cholera toxin
(1648 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(636 times)
LT (107 times)
TCP (81 times)
cAMP (65 times)
1974 Cyclic adenosine monophosphate and alteration of Chinese hamster ovary cell morphology: a rapid, sensitive in vitro assay for the enterotoxins of Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli.
calcitonin
(1613 times)
Endocrinology
(489 times)
MTC (267 times)
PTH (264 times)
CGRP (162 times)
1971 Renal effects of calcitonin and parathyroid extract in man. Studies in hypoparathyroidism.
Chlamydia trachomatis
(1344 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(306 times)
NG (402 times)
STIs (155 times)
TV (138 times)
1980 Chlamydia trachomatis infection in patients with laparoscopically verified acute salpingitis. Results of isolation and antibody determinations.
choroidal thickness
(1084 times)
Ophthalmology
(428 times)
OCT (101 times)
SA (79 times)
SD-OCT (78 times)
1977 Cortical thickness measurements and photon absorptiometry for determination of bone quantity.
cancer/testis
(336 times)
Neoplasms
(185 times)
HCC (24 times)
RT-PCR (19 times)
IHC (16 times)
1997 SSX: a multigene family with several members transcribed in normal testis and human cancer.
cognitive therapy
(335 times)
Psychiatry
(121 times)
MDD (45 times)
CBT (37 times)
IPT (26 times)
1984 Cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy. Singly and together in the treatment of depression.
10  control
(319 times)
Physiology
(38 times)
HF (12 times)
LPS (12 times)
HR (9 times)
1981 Calorigenic and cardiovascular responses to norepinephrine in anesthetized and unanesthetized control and cold-acclimated rats.
11  conventional tillage
(301 times)
Environmental Health
(98 times)
NT (91 times)
SOC (32 times)
RT (31 times)
1984 Intensified insulin therapy in the type I diabetic adolescent: a controlled trial.
12  clotting time
(245 times)
Hematology
(43 times)
MCF (89 times)
CFT (73 times)
ROTEM (73 times)
1982 Fibrin gel structure and clotting time.
13  condensed tannins
(241 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(94 times)
DM (43 times)
CP (17 times)
PEG (17 times)
1986 The role of condensed tannins in the nutritional value of Lotus pedunculatus for sheep. 4. Sites of carbohydrate and protein digestion as influenced by dietary reactive tannin concentration.
14  calf thymus
(208 times)
Biochemistry
(83 times)
EB (26 times)
CD (20 times)
BSA (18 times)
1975 Incidence of serum anti-DNA precipitins in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus by counterimmunoelectrophoresis.
15  chorda tympani
(186 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
GL (26 times)
GSP (19 times)
NST (15 times)
1979 Lingual projections to the dorsal pons of the rat, studied by the field potential analysis.
16  circadian time
(183 times)
Physiology
(61 times)
SCN (84 times)
LD (17 times)
ZT (10 times)
1979 Kinetics of the cycloheximide-induced phase changes in the biological clock in Gonyaulax.
17  closure time
(162 times)
Hematology
(64 times)
vWF (23 times)
PFA (21 times)
CEPI (20 times)
1998 Screening for von Willebrand disease with a new analyzer using high shear stress: a study of 60 cases.
18  cytoplasmic tail
(161 times)
Virology
(66 times)
Env (26 times)
TM (21 times)
TMD (12 times)
1988 Biochemical complexity of serum HLA class I molecules.
19  childhood trauma
(160 times)
Psychiatry
(101 times)
CTQ (26 times)
CTQ-SF (13 times)
MDD (13 times)
2006 Childhood trauma and emotional reactivity to daily life stress in adult frequent attenders of general practitioners.
20  cognitive training
(147 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
PD (17 times)
AD (15 times)
MCI (14 times)
1981 Senile dementia: combined pharmacologic and psychologic treatment.
21  carbon tetrachloride
(136 times)
Environmental Health
(82 times)
CF (43 times)
TCE (25 times)
DCM (8 times)
1985 Temporal relationship between hyperaldosteronism, sodium retention and ascites formation in rats with experimental cirrhosis.
22  cricothyroid
(129 times)
Otolaryngology
(61 times)
TA (74 times)
PCA (48 times)
EMG (21 times)
1975 Localization of laryngeal motor neurons in the kitten.
23  clinical trial
(128 times)
Medicine
(26 times)
OS (12 times)
WHI (9 times)
AD (5 times)
1991 [Clinical trial of drugs: a study of the influence of information on adverse reactions on obtaining of informed consent].
24  connective tissue
(127 times)
Dentistry
(49 times)
NB (6 times)
SE (6 times)
SM (6 times)
1959 The distribution and kinetics of release of radiocalcium in tendon and skeletal muscle.
25  contraction time
(125 times)
Physiology
(46 times)
AF (17 times)
ERP (11 times)
hrt (9 times)
1970 Enzymic and physiological studies on normal and disused developing fast and slow cat muscles.
26  carboxyl terminus
(111 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
Cx43 (19 times)
CaM (5 times)
CL (4 times)
1993 Multiple functions of the adenovirus DNA-binding protein are required for efficient viral DNA synthesis.
27  cytidylyltransferase
(100 times)
Biochemistry
(80 times)
PC (41 times)
CK (7 times)
PE (6 times)
1985 Evaluation of possible mechanisms of phorbol ester stimulation of phosphatidylcholine synthesis in HeLa cells.
28  contact time
(93 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
SL (22 times)
FT (20 times)
SF (14 times)
1999 Neuromuscular characteristics and muscle power as determinants of 5-km running performance.
29  C-terminal
(87 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
NT (29 times)
APOE (7 times)
AD (4 times)
1994 Protein domains connect cell cycle stimulation directly to initiation of DNA replication.
30  cardiothoracic
(84 times)
General Surgery
(37 times)
NDI (5 times)
CD (4 times)
LV (4 times)
1988 Assessment of cardiac size on portable chest films.
31  corticothalamic
(82 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
TC (16 times)
CC (14 times)
TRN (6 times)
1985 Identification of two populations of corticothalamic neurons in cat primary somatosensory cortex.
32  critical thinking
(82 times)
Nursing
(36 times)
CCTDI (8 times)
PBL (8 times)
CCTST (7 times)
1996 Issues in measuring critical thinking: meeting the challenge.
33  celiac trunk
(79 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
SMA (45 times)
CHA (13 times)
LGA (11 times)
1989 [Double compression of the celiac and mesenteric arteries by the arcuate ligament. An unusual cause of abdominal angina in young subjects].
34  crista terminalis
(77 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
RA (22 times)
AFL (19 times)
AF (14 times)
1981 The mechanism of AV junctional reentry: role of the atrionodal junction.
35  continuous training
(76 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
HIIT (14 times)
IT (13 times)
RT (10 times)
1992 The effect of interval and continuous training on the aerobic parameters.
36  conservative treatment
(68 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
HD (12 times)
CKD (9 times)
PVP (9 times)
1978 Erythrocyte organic phosphates in the anemia of renal failure in childhood.
37  coagulation time
(67 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
MCF (19 times)
PT (12 times)
ROTEM (12 times)
1981 Comparative effect of clofibrate, garlic and onion on alimentary hyperlipemia.
38  control group
(67 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
ET (4 times)
SP (4 times)
TENS (4 times)
1996 The effect of pentoxifylline on the lung during cardiopulmonary bypass.
39  conventional treatment
(65 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
RCTs (8 times)
CI (5 times)
IT (5 times)
1987 Lifestyle, metabolic control and social implications of pump therapy in 54 routine type I diabetic patients.
40  C-tactile
(62 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
fMRI (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
RSA (4 times)
2002 Unmyelinated tactile afferents signal touch and project to insular cortex.
41  congenital toxoplasmosis
(60 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
PCR (6 times)
DALYs (4 times)
Ig (4 times)
1976 [Demonstration of specific IgM antibody in cases of suspect congenital toxoplasmosis: interpretation of results (author's transl)].
42  combination therapy
(57 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
MT (16 times)
CI (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
1981 Primidone kinetics: effects of concurrent drugs and duration of therapy.
43  carboxyltransferase
(55 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
BC (31 times)
BCCP (18 times)
PC (12 times)
1996 Co-purification, co-imniunoprecipitation, and coordinate expression of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase activity, biotin carboxylase, and biotin carboxyl carrier protein of higher plants.
44  cytotrophoblast
(55 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
ST (30 times)
IT (11 times)
EGF (5 times)
1984 Immunocytochemical localization of placental lactogen and chorionic gonadotropin in the normal placenta and trophoblastic tumors, with emphasis on intermediate trophoblast and the placental site trophoblastic tumor.
45  cranial tomography
(54 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
MRI (8 times)
OCT (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
1978 Computed tomography of the brain in children with minimal brain damage: a preliminary study of 46 children.
46  Cryptotanshinone
(52 times)
Complementary Therapies
(10 times)
T-I (5 times)
TIIA (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
2005 Simultaneous determination of tanshinone IIA and cryptotanshinone in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry.
47  alpha-chymotrypsin
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
CD (7 times)
ILs (4 times)
DLS (3 times)
1975 Mechanism of histamine release by alpha-chymotrypsin from isolated rat mast cells.
48  Connecticut
(51 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
NJ (6 times)
NY (6 times)
RI (6 times)
1982 Geographic variation in Peromyscus leucopus: short-day induced reproductive regression and spontaneous recrudescence.
49  C-terminus
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
NT (6 times)
CaM (5 times)
ER (4 times)
2000 PICK1 interacts with and regulates PKC phosphorylation of mGLUR7.
50  core temperature
(50 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
HR (12 times)
NT (4 times)
RT (3 times)
1979 Pituitary-brain transport of neurotensin: functional significance of retrograde transport.
51  census tract
(49 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
SES (9 times)
CI (5 times)
LC (3 times)
2005 Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project.
52  cholera enterotoxin
(48 times)
Communicable Diseases
(20 times)
LT (10 times)
LTh (3 times)
ace (2 times)
1971 Stimulation of intestinal mucosal adenyl cyclase by cholera enterotoxin and prostaglandins.
53  chronic tonsillitis
(45 times)
Otolaryngology
(30 times)
IgAN (7 times)
HP (3 times)
PTA (3 times)
1990 [Investigation of the bacterial flora in the tonsillar lacunae and serum levels of streptococcal antigen-specific antibodies in patients with pustulosis palmaris et plantaris].
54  cardiac tamponade
(44 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
AF (6 times)
PE (6 times)
PCE (3 times)
1981 [Diagnosis and therapy of cardiac tamponade. An analysis of 50 patients].
55  concurrent training
(44 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
RT (11 times)
ET (8 times)
HIIT (6 times)
2007 Acute effect of two aerobic exercise modes on maximum strength and strength endurance.
56  control treatment
(44 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
MT (5 times)
DT (4 times)
FMA (4 times)
1990 Heat-stress influences on antibody production in chicken lines selected for high and low immune responsiveness.
57  chest tube
(43 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
LOS (9 times)
VATS (7 times)
PSP (6 times)
1987 Penetrating chest trauma: a 20-year experience.
58  chorda tympani nerve
(43 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
GL (5 times)
GSP (5 times)
MSG (3 times)
1980 Hypothalamic input to brain stem neurons responsive to oropharyngeal stimulation.
59  cholesterol
(42 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
TG (25 times)
HDL (7 times)
HDL-C (6 times)
1978 [Lipid particles agglutinated in hyperlipidemias with opalescent sera (author's transl)].
60  C-terminal domain
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ER (5 times)
TM (5 times)
ATL (3 times)
1996 Detection of cruzipain, the major cysteine proteinase from Trypanosoma cruzi and its C-terminal extension in biological fluids during experimental infection in mice.
61  congenital tremor
(40 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
APPV (35 times)
CNS (2 times)
IHC (2 times)
1989 Type A2 congenital tremor in piglets.
62  cheek teeth
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(39 times)
CAT (2 times)
caps (1 time)
EDTS (1 time)
2000 Equine dental disease part 4: a long-term study of 400 cases: apical infections of cheek teeth.
63  cardiac transplantation
(38 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
CHF (2 times)
Cy (2 times)
EK (2 times)
1991 Evidence for structural sympathetic reinnervation after orthotopic cardiac transplantation in humans.
64  chloramine-T
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PMN (3 times)
A2-PI (2 times)
alpha 1-PI (2 times)
1977 Comparison of iodine monochloride and modified chloramine-T radioiodination for in vivo protein studies.
65  complementary therapy
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ART (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CAMBI (1 time)
1998 The use of complementary therapies by breast cancer patients attending conventional treatment.
66  chitosan
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
SEM (3 times)
DEX (2 times)
LAB (2 times)
2002 Octadecanoid signaling component "burst" in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling leaves upon wounding by cut and treatment with fungal elicitor chitosan.
67  classification tree
(34 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
LR (6 times)
RF (5 times)
ANN (4 times)
2001 Assessing spectral algorithms to predict atherosclerotic plaque composition with normalized and raw intravascular ultrasound data.
68  chemotherapy alone
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
OS (14 times)
CRT (10 times)
RT (8 times)
1982 Modifying the biological response in acute myeloid leukemia. II. Effect of BCG and leukemic cells on lymphocyte response to mitogens, and on helper and suppressor activity.
69  control diet
(32 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ET (9 times)
Ch (5 times)
HF (3 times)
1988 Effect of prenatal exposure to ethanol on the development of cerebral cortex: I. Neuronal generation.
70  C. trachomatis
(31 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
NG (10 times)
STIs (4 times)
BV (3 times)
1985 [Clinical observation of non-gonococcal urethritis].
71  compact tension
(31 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
ASTM (2 times)
EDC (2 times)
AFF (1 time)
1983 Fracture toughness of acrylic denture base.
72  carpal tunnel
(29 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CTS (10 times)
CSA (5 times)
DD (5 times)
1993 Functional study of hands among patients dialysed for more than 10 years.
73  conventional
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
NT (6 times)
Cs (2 times)
MT (2 times)
1986 Nematode trophic structure in conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems.
74  catalase
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SOD (17 times)
MDA (7 times)
Cp (4 times)
1984 [Genetic structure of the populations of native inhabitants in the northeastern USSR. III. Asiatic Eskimos and the coast and reindeer Chukchi].
75  chromosome territory
(28 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
FISH (3 times)
CTs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2001 Chromosome territories, interchromatin domain compartment, and nuclear matrix: an integrated view of the functional nuclear architecture.
76  collecting tubule
(28 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
ARPKD (6 times)
PT (6 times)
DCT (4 times)
1982 Hydroosmotic response of collecting tubules to ADH or cAMP at reduced peritubular sodium.
77  completion thyroidectomy
(27 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
TT (15 times)
DTC (6 times)
PTC (4 times)
1997 Post-operative complications after completion thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer.
78  canopy temperature
(26 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(9 times)
NDVI (5 times)
GY (3 times)
HI (2 times)
2007 Drought-adaptive attributes in the Seri/Babax hexaploid wheat population.
79  circuit training
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
HR (3 times)
SSG (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1991 The circling training rat model as a behavioral teratology test.
80  conventional technique
(26 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
NT (4 times)
HS (3 times)
pmVSDs (2 times)
1986 Staining of Merkel cells of pig snout epidermis using the uranaffin reaction. Morphometric analysis of neuroendocrine granules.
81  cycle time
(26 times)
Technology
(4 times)
SL (3 times)
ST (3 times)
CV (2 times)
1987 Proliferation of pulmonary alveolar macrophages during postnatal development of rabbit lungs.
82  cecal tonsils
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
BF (6 times)
GALT (5 times)
PP (4 times)
1978 A scanning electron microscope study of the caecal tonsil: the identification of a bacterial attachment to the villi of the caecal tonsil and the possible presence of lymphatics in the caecal tonsil.
83  change talk
(25 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(14 times)
MI (17 times)
ST (9 times)
CCT (7 times)
2007 Client language as a mediator of motivational interviewing efficacy: where is the evidence?
84  colonic transit
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
GE (12 times)
GI (9 times)
CRF (4 times)
2000 Whole gut transit scintigraphy in the clinical evaluation of patients with upper and lower gastrointestinal symptoms.
85  corticosterone
(25 times)
Brain
(6 times)
GR (7 times)
HPA (4 times)
MR (3 times)
1984 Effects of corticosterone on the electrophysiology of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells in vitro.
86  cortisol
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
OT (8 times)
ACTH (2 times)
DHEA (2 times)
1983 The role of the adrenal gland in control of H+ and NH4+ excretion by toad urinary bladder.
87  countertransference
(25 times)
Psychology
(15 times)
PRS (2 times)
TA (2 times)
TRQ (2 times)
1982 Notes on countertransference in borderline conditions.
88  chymotrypsin
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CF (2 times)
CTG (2 times)
KCIL (2 times)
1976 [pH-dependence of fluorescence parameters of chymotrypsin, chymotrypsinogen, trypsin and lysozyme].
89  cytotechnologist
(24 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
CP (3 times)
ROSE (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
1996 Consequences of neural network technology for cervical screening: increase in diagnostic consistency and positive scores.
90  catechol
(23 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
HQ (16 times)
DPV (4 times)
GCE (4 times)
1995 Inhibition of 1,2,4-benzenetriol-generated active oxygen species and induction of phase II enzymes by green tea polyphenols.
91  cerebral toxoplasmosis
(23 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GFAP (3 times)
HIV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 [Cerebral toxoplasmosis in patients with AIDS].
92  cloacal temperature
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
HR (5 times)
RR (4 times)
FT (3 times)
1988 A modified reduced nocturnal temperature regimen for early-weaned pigs.
93  combined treatment
(22 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
CS (4 times)
PS (2 times)
ST (2 times)
2002 Neurological outcome after experimental cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a result of delayed and potentially treatable neuronal injury?
94  controlled trials
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
RCT (10 times)
RPE (3 times)
GT (2 times)
1991 Carbohydrate metabolism during intense exercise when hyperglycemic.
95  micro-CT
(22 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
BV/TV (2 times)
RA (2 times)
0.550.1mm (1 time)
2007 Scala vestibuli pressure and three-dimensional stapes velocity measured in direct succession in gerbil.
96  chest tomography
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
CF (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
1987 Computed chest tomography in the evaluation of hemoptysis. Impact on diagnosis and treatment.
97  constant-time
(21 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
FDM (2 times)
AID (1 time)
aMAT (1 time)
1997 Application of multiple-quantum line narrowing with simultaneous 1H and 13C constant-time scalar-coupling evolution in PFG-HACANH and PFG-HACA(CO)NH triple-resonance experiments.
98  contact tracing
(20 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
TB (6 times)
IC (2 times)
CHB (1 time)
2011 Exploring the relative costs of contact tracing for increasing HIV case finding in sub-Saharan countries.
99  counseling and testing
(20 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
HIV (12 times)
TB (2 times)
VCT (2 times)
1991 Publicly funded HIV counseling and testing--United States, 1990.
100  cricothyroid muscle
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(12 times)
PCA (7 times)
TA (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
1982 Arrangement of motoneurons innervating the intrinsic laryngeal muscles of cats as demonstrated by horseradish peroxidase.