A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : CTB

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : CTB
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 2 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: CTB
Appearance Frequency: 1446 time(s)
Long forms: 184

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cholera toxin B subunit
(749 times)
Neurology
(183 times)
BDA (42 times)
CT (27 times)
IgA (19 times)
1980 Amino acid sequence homology between cholera toxin and Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin.
cholera toxin B
(174 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
NTS (8 times)
CGRP (7 times)
OVA (7 times)
1987 Cooperativity of ganglioside-dependent with protein-dependent substratum adhesion and neurite extension of human neuroblastoma cells.
cytotrophoblast
(93 times)
Obstetrics
(26 times)
STB (27 times)
EVT (19 times)
PE (8 times)
1989 [The DNA content in the cell nuclei of trophoblastic tumors].
cytotrophoblastic cells
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(14 times)
hCG (6 times)
STB (5 times)
fFN (4 times)
1989 Metastatic gestational choriocarcinoma. Unusual pathologic variant following therapy.
charge transfer band
(27 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
PL (4 times)
XRD (4 times)
FESEM (2 times)
2006 Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters and spectral properties of Gd2O3:Eu3+ nanocrystals.
cutaneous tuberculosis
(27 times)
Dermatology
(15 times)
TB (7 times)
ATT (3 times)
EIB (2 times)
1989 [Apropos of 45 cases of cutaneous tuberculosis in Tlemcen (western Algeria)].
cholera toxin B chain
(13 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AV (5 times)
EVs (4 times)
PE (3 times)
1994 Humoral, mucosal, and cellular immune response to topical immunization with a subunit respiratory syncytial virus vaccine.
cholera toxin beta
(13 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
FVEP (3 times)
PLR (3 times)
ARC (2 times)
2000 Parabrachial nucleus projections to midline and intralaminar thalamic nuclei of the rat.
complex-trapping-blocking
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
BVDV (4 times)
HCV (4 times)
ADV (2 times)
1987 Identification of bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infected cattle by complex-trapping-blocking (CTB) ELISA employing monoclonal antibodies directed against BLV-p24.
10  composite triple-beat
(10 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
BER (10 times)
CNR (10 times)
CSO (10 times)
2010 Direct CATV modulation and phase remodulated radio-over-fiber transport system.
11  conjugated to the B subunit of cholera toxin
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
OVA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
HApep (1 time)
1984 Cholera toxin B subunit as a carrier protein to stimulate a mucosal immune response.
12  CT B subunit
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CT (9 times)
ETEC (2 times)
AI-2 (1 time)
1993 Analysis of the roles of antilipopolysaccharide and anti-cholera toxin immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies in protection against Vibrio cholerae and cholera toxin by use of monoclonal IgA antibodies in vivo.
13  computed tomography of the brain
(8 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
CDR (1 time)
2013 The Kimberley Hospital Rule (KHR) for urgent computed tomography of the brain in a resource-limited environment.
14  cemented tailings backfill
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CF (3 times)
FA (3 times)
UCS (3 times)
2020 Mechanical properties of cemented tailings backfill containing alkalized rice straw of various lengths.
15  central tarsal bone
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CT (4 times)
BMD (1 time)
DIT (1 time)
1999 In vivo matrix microdamage in a naturally occurring canine fatigue fracture.
16  cadaveric temporal bone
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
CR (1 time)
FV (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2011 Evaluating the effectiveness of the Voxel-Man TempoSurg virtual reality simulator in facilitating learning mastoid surgery.
17  CellTiter-Blue
(6 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
LDH (3 times)
aB (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2007 Comparison of results of the CellTiter Blue, the tetrazolium (3-[4,5-dimethylthioazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide), and the lactate dehydrogenase assay applied in brain cells after exposure to advanced glycation endproducts.
18  CT brain
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
EDs (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
CCHR (1 time)
2019 Retrospective review of CT brain image quality, diagnostic adequacy and radiation dose in a paediatric population imaged at a non-paediatric tertiary hospital.
19  Cathepsin B
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Cbz-Lys-Lys-PABA (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
CTK (1 time)
2014 Prodrug-inspired probes selective to cathepsin B over other cysteine cathepsins.
20  cholera B subunit
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ETEC (2 times)
ASC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1989 Role of local IgA antitoxin-producing cells for intestinal protection against cholera toxin challenge.
21  Cudrania tricuspidata Bureau
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NF (3 times)
BPA (2 times)
COX (2 times)
2010 Expression of TNF-alpha and IL-6 in HMC-1 cells treated with bisphenol A is attenuated by plant-originating glycoprotein (75 kDa) by blocking p38 MAPK.
22  cyanotriphenylborate
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GlyRs (3 times)
GlyR (1 time)
LSO (1 time)
1994 Cyanotriphenylborate: subtype-specific blocker of glycine receptor chloride channels.
23  cytotactin-binding
(5 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1988 Molecular forms, binding functions, and developmental expression patterns of cytotactin and cytotactin-binding proteoglycan, an interactive pair of extracellular matrix molecules.
24  cell tube block
(4 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
B-CLL (1 time)
FLC (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2017 Cell tube block: a new technique to produce cell blocks from fluid cytology samples.
25  cercosporin toxin biosynthesis
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BGCs (1 time)
GLS (1 time)
PKSs (1 time)
2003 Cercosporin-deficient mutants by plasmid tagging in the asexual fungus Cercospora nicotianae.
26  Congenital tuberculosis
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
CECT (1 time)
GU (1 time)
2013 Infertility, in vitro fertilization and congenital tuberculosis.
27  conotruncal banding
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LAL (2 times)
LV (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
2002 Regional passive ventricular stress-strain relations during development of altered loads in chick embryo.
28  call-to-balloon
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
STEMI (3 times)
PPCI (2 times)
DTB (1 time)
2016 Impact of call-to-balloon time on 30-day mortality in contemporary practice.
29  ceftibuten
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BLI (1 time)
CFX (1 time)
1999 Interpretation of middle ear fluid concentrations of antibiotics: comparison between ceftibuten, cefixime and azithromycin.
30  cell surface receptors through its B subunit
(3 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
CT (3 times)
LeX (1 time)
2015 Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin.
31  Clark's Twin Block
(3 times)
Orthodontics
(3 times)
--- 2011 Use of the Clark Twin Block functional appliance with and without an upper labial bow: a randomized controlled trial.
32  commercial toxin binder
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AFB1 (2 times)
AFs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2019 The first in vivo application of synthetic polymers based on methacrylic acid as an aflatoxin sorbent in an animal model.
33  CTB-CpG
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ODN (2 times)
ODNs (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2006 Novel immunostimulatory agent based on CpG oligodeoxynucleotide linked to the nontoxic B subunit of cholera toxin.
34  cytochalasin B
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
1984 Sodium arachidonate induced in vitro polymorphonuclear leukocyte aggregation.
35  C-terminal, of the B subunit of cholera toxin
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HVR1 (1 time)
TMV (1 time)
2001 Development of a plant-derived subunit vaccine candidate against hepatitis C virus.
36  calvarial tuberculosis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2017 Calvarial Tuberculosis: A Case Report.
37  carbamoyltobramycin
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BGC (1 time)
2014 Concentrated biosynthesis of tobramycin by genetically engineered Streptomyces tenebrarius.
38  Cardiovascular Tissue Bank
(2 times)
Biological Specimen Banks
(2 times)
CHAs (1 time)
DBD (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
2022 Ten-year experience with cryopreserved vascular allografts in the Croatian Cardiovascular Tissue Bank.
39  cellulose tribenzoate
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CTPC (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
CDMPC (1 time)
2005 [Chiral two-phase synergistic effect in high performance liquid chromatography].
40  cetuximab
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
4-ATP (1 time)
ARC (1 time)
cGel (1 time)
2021 Novel redox-sensitive thiolated TPGS based nanoparticles for EGFR targeted lung cancer therapy.
41  changing the balance between cytotrophoblast
(2 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
HIFs (2 times)
VEGF (1 time)
VEGFs (1 time)
2003 Disruption of oxygen-regulated responses underlies pathological changes in the placentas of women who smoke or who are passively exposed to smoke during pregnancy.
42  Chernobyl Tissue Bank
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 The chernobyl tissue bank - a repository for biomaterial and data used in integrative and systems biology modeling the human response to radiation.
43  chitobiase
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
GNG5 (1 time)
1995 Lysosomal chitobiase (CTB) and the G-protein gamma 5 subunit (GNG5) genes co-localize to human chromosome 1p22.
44  cholera toxin B fragment
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ARSB (1 time)
CSPGs (1 time)
LI (1 time)
1996 Use of the sensitive anterograde tracer cholera toxin fragment B reveals new details of the central retinal projections in turtles.
45  cholera toxin B-pentamer
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LTB (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
1997 Structural studies of receptor binding by cholera toxin mutants.
46  choleratoxin binding unit
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
ICAM (1 time)
MEFs (1 time)
2005 Ultrastructural identification of uncoated caveolin-independent early endocytic vehicles.
47  Clark's twin-block appliance
(2 times)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Effect of Clark's twin-block appliance (CTB) and non-extraction fixed mechano-therapy on the pharyngeal dimensions of growing children.
48  control tumor botryosphaeran
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
GST (1 time)
2020 Tumor development in rats and cancer cachexia are reduced by treatment with botryosphaeran by increasing apoptosis and improving the metabolic profile.
49  convex time budget
(2 times)
Behavior
(1 time)
ICR (1 time)
OLS (1 time)
2018 Discounting and Digit Ratio: Low 2D:4D Predicts Patience for a Sample of Females.
50  cord-to-background ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
F-FDG (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2013 Changes in (18)f-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the spinal cord in a healthy population on serial positron emission tomography/computed tomography.
51  CT and its non-toxic B subunit moiety
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
LT (2 times)
1993 [Cholera immunology and the molecular biology of cholera toxin. Recent progress and future prospects].
52  CT of the brain
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
2016 Emergency department interpretation of CT of the brain: a systematic review.
53  CT or its B subunit
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
1996 Cholera toxin increases IL-6 synthesis and decreases TNF-alpha production by rat peritoneal mast cells.
54  cutaneous TB
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
EPTB (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2021 Delayed diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of cutaneous tuberculosis: A case report.
55  cyanotetrazolylborohydride
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
WFNA (1 time)
2017 Cyanotetrazolylborohydride (CTB) anion-based ionic liquids with low viscosity and high energy capacity as ultrafast-igniting hypergolic fuels.
56  cyclotribenzylene
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GnHCl (2 times)
CD (1 time)
TASPs (1 time)
1999 Design of proteins using rigid organic macrocycles as scaffolds.
57  N-(4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2-ethoxybenzamide
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DBD (1 time)
HATs (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2015 Integrating epigenetic modulators into NanoScript for enhanced chondrogenesis of stem cells.
58  Trophoblast cell
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
TIMPs (2 times)
MMPs (1 time)
2011 Human decidua and invasive trophoblasts are rich sources of nearly all human matrix metalloproteinases.
59  1-butyl-3-(p-carboxyphenyl)sulphonylurea
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HMTB (1 time)
1993 A new aspect of tolbutamide metabolism in the rabbit: the role of 1-butyl-3-(p-formylphenyl)sulphonylurea.
60  C. tribuloides bark
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
mPGES-1 (1 time)
2022 Rutin hydrate and extract from Castanopsis tribuloides reduces pyrexia via inhibiting microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1.
61  Calculated tumour burden
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CaP (1 time)
PPBC (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2009 Trans rectal ultra sound guided prostate biopsies: a single centre experience in Sri Lanka.
62  call-to-balloon times
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCIS (1 time)
cath lab (1 time)
DTB (1 time)
2022 Impact of paramedic education on door-to-balloon times and appropriate use of the primary PCI pathway in ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
63  camellia twig blight
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2009 Modeling disease progression of Camellia twig blight using a recurrent event model.
64  can be used to replace the BD ProbeTec ET
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MGIT (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2009 Combining the Capilia TB assay with smear morphology for the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.
65  capacity to benefit
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Competing Principles for Allocating Health Care Resources.
66  Capilia TB assay or the BD ProbeTec ET
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MGIT (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2009 Combining the Capilia TB assay with smear morphology for the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.
67  carbohydrate binding B-subunit
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
rCTB (1 time)
2006 A fluorescent peptide substrate for measuring the ADP-ribosylation activity of the cholera toxin A-subunit.
68  carbon tetrabromide
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
DBM (1 time)
2007 Kinetic and mechanistic examinations of reductive transformation pathways of brominated methanes with nano-scale Fe and Ni/Fe particles.
69  carboxy TB
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HTB (1 time)
LC-RI-MS (1 time)
2011 Comprehensive quantitative and qualitative liquid chromatography-radioisotope-mass spectrometry analysis for safety testing of tolbutamide metabolites without standard samples.
70  Carboxydotrophic bacteria
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Narrow pH Range Supports Butanol, Hexanol, and Octanol Production from Syngas in a Continuous Co-culture of Clostridium ljungdahlii and Clostridium kluyveri with In-Line Product Extraction.
71  cathepsin B-like
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CEP (1 time)
PLCPs (1 time)
2019 Genome-Wide Identification of Papain-Like Cysteine Proteases in Gossypium hirsutum and Functional Characterization in Response to Verticillium dahliae.
72  cell and tissue biology
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2002 A thematic approach to enhance clinical content in a cell and tissue biology course.
73  cell types, cytoTB
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MTB (1 time)
STB (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Dynamics of trophoblast differentiation in peri-implantation-stage human embryos.
74  cell-binding B subunit of CT
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
TCI (1 time)
2003 Transcutaneous immunization with cholera toxin B subunit adjuvant suppresses IgE antibody responses via selective induction of Th1 immune responses.
75  cell-binding B-subunit
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Differential effect of cholera toxin on CD45RA+ and CD45RO+ T cells: specific inhibition of cytokine production but not proliferation of human naive T cells.
76  cell/B subunit
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
1996 Local intravaginal vaccination of the female genital tract.
77  cellobiose, lactose, GlcNAc, and di-N,N'-acetylchitobiose
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PNGases (1 time)
1997 Detailed studies on substrate structure requirements of glycoamidases A and F.
78  cells by using its receptor-binding B subunit
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTA1 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2007 Derlin-1 facilitates the retro-translocation of cholera toxin.
79  cells is mediated by binding of the pentameric B subunit
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FITC-CTB (1 time)
2002 Analysis of cholera toxin-ganglioside interactions by flow cytometry.
80  cells with the B pentamer of cholera toxin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BMDC (1 time)
2010 Enhanced antigen uptake by dendritic cells induced by the B pentamer of the type II heat-labile enterotoxin LT-IIa requires engagement of TLR2.
81  CellTiter-Blue() Cell Viability Assay
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic performance and application of two commercial cell viability assays in foot-and-mouth disease research.
82  cement-treated base
(1 time)
AAMs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
L/B (1 time)
2022 Properties and Microstructures of Crushed Rock Based-Alkaline Activated Material for Roadway Applications.
83  cemented paste backfill
(1 time)
PSO (1 time)
SVM (1 time)
UCS (1 time)
2022 A Support Vector Machine and Particle Swarm Optimization Based Model for Cemented Tailings Backfill Materials Strength Prediction.
84  Center for the Treatment of Burns
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FTB (1 time)
MIM (1 time)
2018 A New Triage Method for Burn Disasters: Fast Triage in Burns (FTB).
85  central test battery
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2016 Impact of Different Cutoff Criteria on Rate of (Central) Auditory Processing Disorders Diagnosis Using the Central Test Battery.
86  Central Tissue Bank
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
2020 Preparation and processing of human allogenic dermal matrix for utilization in reconstructive surgical procedures.
87  cervical spine tuberculosis
(1 time)
Family Practice
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2022 Life-threatening disseminated tuberculosis masquerading as cervical spondylosis---Case report "Cervical TB v/s Cervical Spondylosis".
88  Cervical tubercular disease
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
scholar.google.com (1 time)
2021 Cervical spine TB - Current concepts in management.
89  Cervical tuberculosis
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
ASIA (1 time)
ATT (1 time)
2013 A practical therapeutic protocol for cervical tuberculosis.
90  Challenge TB
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BDQ (1 time)
DR-TB (1 time)
2020 Introducing bedaquiline: experiences from the Challenge TB Project.
91  characterized the effects of the B subunit of CT
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMMs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2022 Preparation and Inflammasome Activation of Murine Bone Marrow-Derived and Resident Peritoneal Macrophages.
92  charge transfer phenomenon between O2- and Eu3+
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
LGP (1 time)
2018 Structural Study of Europium Doped Gadolinium Polyphosphates LiGd(PO3)4 and Its Effect on Their Spectroscopic, Thermal, Magnetic, and Optical Properties.
93  charge transition band
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2018 The Synthesis and Photoluminescent Properties of CaMoO₄:Eu⁺ Nanocrystals by a Soft Chemical Route.
94  charge-transport buffer
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
OFET (1 time)
OLED (1 time)
OLETs (1 time)
2021 Redistributed Current Density in Lateral Organic Light-Emitting Transistors Enabling Uniform Area Emission with Good Stability and Arbitrary Tunability.
95  Chemical Time Bomb
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EDI (1 time)
REEs (1 time)
2022 Environmental risk assessment of the potential "Chemical Time Bomb" of ion-adsorption type rare earth elements in urban areas.
96  chemical tissue bonding
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
ChABC (1 time)
2015 Use of novel chitosan hydrogels for chemical tissue bonding of autologous chondral transplants.
97  Chemically Treated Bauhinia
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2020 Effective removal of excessive fluoride from aqueous environment using activated pods of Bauhinia variegata: Batch and dynamic analysis.
98  chemistry-to-biology
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
2017 Foldamer hypothesis for the growth and sequence differentiation of prebiotic polymers.
99  Chest tuberculosis
(1 time)
Radiography
(1 time)
--- 2015 Chest tuberculosis: Radiological review and imaging recommendations.
100  childhood tuberculosis
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2007 Qualitative and quantitative analysis of antibody response in childhood tuberculosis against antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.