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Abbreviation: CTR
Appearance Frequency: 2268 time(s)
Long forms: 346

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(415 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
AD (27 times)
SOD (8 times)
OA (7 times)
1985 Retarded skeletal maturation in children with primary enuresis.
carpal tunnel release
(269 times)
General Surgery
(97 times)
CTS (81 times)
BCTQ (23 times)
TCL (10 times)
1996 The reliability and validity of the Tekdyne hand dynamometer: Part II.
cardiothoracic ratio
(233 times)
Cardiology
(66 times)
LVEF (22 times)
HD (19 times)
BNP (15 times)
1977 The deleterious effects of surgically induced complete right bundle branch block on long-term follow-up results of closure of ventricular septal defect.
calcitonin receptor
(214 times)
Biochemistry
(34 times)
TRAP (49 times)
RANKL (32 times)
CT (20 times)
1991 Calcitonin receptor expression and its regulation by 1 alpha-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 during de novo osteoclast formation in organ cultures of fetal mouse metatarsals.
capsular tension ring
(129 times)
Ophthalmology
(106 times)
IOL (61 times)
BCVA (13 times)
CDVA (7 times)
1999 Prediction of pseudophakic capsular bag diameter based on biometric variables.
control group
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ER (3 times)
FSH (3 times)
GPx (3 times)
1996 Influence of thermal and dietary stress on immune response of rabbits.
contrast-to-tissue ratio
(55 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(25 times)
PI (10 times)
SNR (8 times)
CEUS (6 times)
2002 Super harmonic imaging: a new imaging technique for improved contrast detection.
C-terminal region
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
NTR (5 times)
CTD (4 times)
Ad (3 times)
2003 The 3D solution structure of the C-terminal region of Ku86 (Ku86CTR).
coincidence time resolution
(42 times)
Biophysics
(29 times)
PET (17 times)
TOF (15 times)
DOI (9 times)
2014 Influence of depth of interaction upon the performance of scintillator detectors.
10  consolidation-to-tumor ratio
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
GGO (13 times)
OS (13 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
2013 Tumour standardized uptake value on positron emission tomography is a novel predictor of adenocarcinoma in situ for c-Stage IA lung cancer patients with a part-solid nodule on thin-section computed tomography scan.
11  CT receptor
(32 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
CT (29 times)
sCT (7 times)
CGRP (3 times)
1994 Novel cell-surface Ag expressed on rat osteoclasts regulating the function of the calcitonin receptor.
12  cricotracheal resection
(30 times)
Otolaryngology
(26 times)
LTR (6 times)
SGS (5 times)
iSGS (4 times)
1999 Cricotracheal resection for pediatric subglottic stenosis.
13  control diet
(28 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
HFD (6 times)
ADG (2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
2009 Dietary fish oil is antihypertrophic but does not enhance postischemic myocardial function in female mice.
14  cetrimide
(27 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
CHX (20 times)
MA (6 times)
CFU (4 times)
2010 In vitro antibacterial action of Tetraclean, MTAD and five experimental irrigation solutions.
15  Connecticut Tumor Registry
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
SEER (4 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1983 Cancer in mothers of dizygotic twins.
16  control subjects
(24 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (4 times)
CHF (3 times)
CACs (2 times)
2000 Increased CSF levels of nerve growth factor in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
17  Clinical Trials Regulation
(16 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
EU (3 times)
ALB (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2013 CTRI - Clicking to greater transparency and accountability.
18  chest tube removal
(15 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
ICU (3 times)
NOL (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
1999 The quick relaxation technique: effect on pain associated with chest tube removal.
19  calcitriol
(12 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
PTH (7 times)
Ca (3 times)
HP (2 times)
1995 Calcitriol effect on natural killer cells from hemodialyzed and normal subjects.
20  counseling, testing, and referral
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
HIV (4 times)
aOR (1 time)
CBOs (1 time)
2001 Revised guidelines for HIV counseling, testing, and referral.
21  click-through rate
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CDC's (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2017 A New Approach for Mobile Advertising Click-Through Rate Estimation Based on Deep Belief Nets.
22  clinical and translational research
(11 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CTSA (3 times)
NIH (2 times)
ACTSI (1 time)
2010 Linking scientific discovery and better health for the nation: the first three years of the NIH's Clinical and Translational Science Awards.
23  complete tumor resection
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
STR (2 times)
1993 Carcinoma of the cervix: predictive value of clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging assessment of prognostic factors.
24  carbon dioxide transfer rate
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
OTR (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
HPR (2 times)
1992 Effect of changes in the pH and carbon dioxide evolution rate on the measured respiratory quotient of fermentations.
25  coherent transition radiation
(8 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CCD (1 time)
EOA (1 time)
FEL (1 time)
2001 First Observation of z-Dependent Electron-Beam Microbunching Using Coherent Transition Radiation.
26  crystal truncation rod
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DFT (1 time)
GI XANES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2003 Surface relaxation in protein crystals.
27  celiac trunk
(7 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SMA (3 times)
AAAs (1 time)
AMesI (1 time)
2009 Assessment of splanchnic blood flow using magnetic resonance imaging.
28  chordae tendineae rupture
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
AMR (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2006 Association between hypertension and primary mitral chordae tendinae rupture.
29  control rats
(7 times)
Biology
(2 times)
TBR (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1996 Role of insulin resistance in decreasing lipoprotein lipase activity in tumor-bearing rats.
30  carboxyl-terminal region
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
ISRs (1 time)
1989 Intragenic and extragenic suppressors of mutations in the heptapeptide repeat domain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II.
31  Cardiac telerehabilitation
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CR (4 times)
CBCR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Cost-Utility Analysis of a Cardiac Telerehabilitation Program: The Teledialog Project.
32  circadian temperature rhythm
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Tb (2 times)
anti-ChE (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
1986 Body temperature and sleep architecture in response to a mild cold stress in women.
33  calcitonin receptor gene
(5 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
AcbSh (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1998 Calcitonin receptor polymorphism is associated with a decreased fracture risk in post-menopausal women.
34  ceftriaxone
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CTA (2 times)
CTX (2 times)
AST (1 time)
1982 Trapping of nonhydrolyzable cephalosporins by cephalosporinases in Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a possible resistance mechanism.
35  condition test ratio
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
AW (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2008 Effect of chronic morphine exposure on response properties of rat barrel cortex neurons.
36  contrast transfer ratio
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FSP (1 time)
PERG (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
1986 Contrast transfer ratio in normal, cataractous, and intraocular implant lenses. A clinical photopapillometric study.
37  cortical thickness ratio
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
FN (2 times)
2007 Disease activity and the course of elbow joint deterioration over 10 years in the patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.
38  cross-match-to-transfusion ratio
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MSBOS (3 times)
TI (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
1998 Maximum surgical blood ordering schedule in a district general hospital saves money and resources.
39  cardiothoracic diameter ratio
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
Hb (2 times)
MCA-PSV (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
2018 Z Score Reference Ranges of Fetal Cardiothoracic Diameter Ratio.
40  communication theory of resilience
(4 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
DCRS (1 time)
HCWs (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2017 "He would never let me just give up": Communicatively Constructing Dyadic Resilience in the Experience of Breast Cancer.
41  Concentric tube robot
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
MIS (1 time)
ONSF (1 time)
2018 In Vivo Inspection of the Olfactory Epithelium: Feasibility of Robotized Optical Biopsy.
42  control fat-supplemented cows
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CLA (2 times)
3-MH (1 time)
AcC (1 time)
2015 Tocopherols and tocotrienols in serum and liver of dairy cows receiving conjugated linoleic acids or a control fat supplement during early lactation.
43  cough transportability
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MCTR (2 times)
ARS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1996 Ring distraction technique for measuring surface tension of sputum: relationship to sputum clearability.
44  Council for Tobacco Research
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CIAR (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1991 What scientists funded by the tobacco industry believe about the hazards of cigarette smoking.
45  crest time ratio
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CT (4 times)
DVP (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2010 Novel application of parameters in waveform contour analysis for assessing arterial stiffness in aged and atherosclerotic subjects.
46  C-terminal regulatory segment
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
GTFs (1 time)
HSFs (1 time)
2004 Plant class B HSFs inhibit transcription and exhibit affinity for TFIIB and TBP.
47  canal thickness ratio
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PFF (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of fracture topography and bone quality in periprosthetic femoral fractures: A preliminary radiographic study of consecutive clinical data.
48  cardiac transplant recipients
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1993 Coronary collateral circulation in the transplanted heart.
49  carpal tunnel release surgery
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CTS (1 time)
FDS III (1 time)
QST (1 time)
2007 Flexor tendon and synovial gliding during simultaneous and single digit flexion in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome.
50  cavitation-to-tissue ratio
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HIFU (2 times)
PI (2 times)
BSHI (1 time)
2016 Wavelet-transform-based active imaging of cavitation bubbles in tissues induced by high intensity focused ultrasound.
51  cell tense ratio
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Pn (2 times)
SR (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2011 [Effects of irrigation amount on leaf structure, photosynthetic physiology, and fruit yield of Lycium barbarum in arid area].
52  Certified Tumor Registrar
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NCRA (2 times)
CoC (1 time)
RSFH (1 time)
2009 Going the distance for certified cancer registrars.
53  citalopram
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TPs (2 times)
DMI (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
1995 [Effects of chronic administration of antidepressants on microtubule assembly in rat cerebral cortex].
54  Colorado Twin Registry
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
--- 2007 Colorado Twin Registry.
55  Complete resection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ITR (3 times)
CTR-RT (1 time)
Gy (1 time)
2004 Therapy of meningeal melanocytomas.
56  concomitant tumour resistance
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
CTE (1 time)
2004 Concomitant tumour resistance in patients with osteosarcoma. A clue to a new therapeutic strategy.
57  conservative treatment
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CMFs (1 time)
EVT (1 time)
IVT (1 time)
2012 Open versus closed reduction: mandibular condylar fractures in children.
58  control condition
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2011 Dissociation between the activity of the right middle frontal gyrus and the middle temporal gyrus in processing semantic priming.
59  Controls
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Informants' Perception of Subjective Cognitive Decline Helps to Discriminate Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease from Normal Aging.
60  C-terminal repeat
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pol II (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
2010 The C-terminal repeat domain of Spt5 plays an important role in suppression of Rad26-independent transcription coupled repair.
61  calcitonin GPCR
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CatK (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
HOB (1 time)
2004 Molecular basis of osteoclastogenesis induced by osteoblasts exposed to wear particles.
62  California Tumor Registry
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
SIRs (1 time)
SMSA (1 time)
1983 Feasibility of identifying high-risk occupations through tumor registries.
63  car tire rubber
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
PP (2 times)
PS (2 times)
2019 Chemical composition and ecotoxicity of plastic and car tire rubber leachates to aquatic organisms.
64  central
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
jSR (1 time)
2006 Regional differences in spontaneous Ca2+ spark activity and regulation in cat atrial myocytes.
65  chemotherapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GBM (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
Gy (1 time)
1988 The significance of residual mediastinal abnormality on the chest radiograph following treatment for Hodgkin's disease.
66  Children's Tumour Registry
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HAA (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
1976 Methods of classifying and ascertaining children's tumours.
67  circadian rhythms of body temperature
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 Body temperature rhythms, cold tolerance, and fever in young and old rats of both genders.
68  circular tracheal resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CTS (1 time)
TPF (1 time)
2019 [Tracheal resection after prolonged stenting in surgery for cicatricial stenosis].
69  citric acid
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CHT (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2015 Chitosan finishing nonwoven textiles loaded with silver and iodide for antibacterial wound dressing applications.
70  Clinical and Translational Research Center
(2 times)
SET (2 times)
HSEEP (1 time)
2020 Lessons Learned in Evaluating the Infrastructure of a Centre for Translational Research (CTR).
71  clinical trials
(2 times)
Liver
(1 time)
ASV (1 time)
DCV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2012 Simultaneous neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin for locally advanced rectal cancer. Treatment outcome outside clinical trials.
72  Clitoria ternatea
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Clitoria ternatea (Linn) root extract treatment during growth spurt period enhances learning and memory in rats.
73  Clot Time Ratio
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (1 time)
2018 Comparison of Coagulation Parameters in Arterial and Venous Blood in Cardiac Surgery Measured Using the Quantra System.
74  clotrimazole
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ECO (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2011 In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strains using agar diffusion method.
75  clutter-to-total-energy ratio
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
fps (1 time)
2010 A high-frequency, high frame rate duplex ultrasound linear array imaging system for small animal imaging.
76  coding tandem repeat
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
MVLST (1 time)
2008 Identification and characterisation of coding tandem repeat variants in incA gene of Chlamydophila pecorum.
77  cognate target RNA
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
NTR (2 times)
3'-PFS (1 time)
cOA (1 time)
2020 Characterization of a novel type III CRISPR-Cas effector provides new insights into the allosteric activation and suppression of the Cas10 DNase.
78  collagen-tannin resin
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2010 Adsorptive recovery of UO2(2+) from aqueous solutions using collagen-tannin resin.
79  Combat Trauma Registry
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
OIF (1 time)
TBIs (1 time)
2008 Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry.
80  comparison to control
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
cGKI (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2010 Cyclic GMP kinase I modulates glucagon release from pancreatic alpha-cells.
81  compensatory tissue repair
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DW (2 times)
TA (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
2016 Hepatic Overexpression of Annexin A1 and A2 in Thioacetamide-Primed Mice Protects Them Against Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Failure and Death.
82  complicated tumor response
(2 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
GIST (1 time)
LE (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2019 Management of complicated tumor response to tyrosine-kinase inhibitors in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
83  contrast-to-tissue
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CAR (1 time)
2015 Subharmonic, non-linear fundamental and ultraharmonic imaging of microbubble contrast at high frequencies.
84  control group of healthy subjects
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CRP (2 times)
BD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2004 Periodontal conditions in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
85  control individuals
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2009 Bone mineral density and risk of fractures in aging, obese post-menopausal women with type 2 diabetes. The GIUMO Study.
86  control men
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
2009 Organ and gestational age effects of maternal nutrient restriction on global methylation in fetal baboons.
87  control sows
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
LIG (1 time)
TRT (1 time)
1996 Detection of cervical bacterial contamination in swine by two methods of swabbing in relation to artificial insemination.
88  control volunteers
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EGP (1 time)
HP (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2014 Intact pituitary function is decisive for the catabolic response to TNF-alpha: studies of protein, glucose and fatty acid metabolism in hypopituitary and healthy subjects.
89  conventional therapy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2010 Hemostatic effectiveness of Fibrin pad after partial nephrectomy in swine.
90  Cooperative Threat Reduction
(2 times)
Disease Outbreaks
(1 time)
GHI (1 time)
GHSA (1 time)
PEPFAR (1 time)
2015 Implementing the global health security agenda: lessons from global health and security programs.
91  COPD treatment ratio
(2 times)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
2018 External Validation of a COPD Risk Measure in a Commercial and Medicare Population: The COPD Treatment Ratio.
92  Corbett Tiger Reserve
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2014 Understanding the local socio-political processes affecting conservation management outcomes in Corbett Tiger Reserve, India.
93  core receptor
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
sCT (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2019 RAMP1 and RAMP3 Differentially Control Amylin's Effects on Food Intake, Glucose and Energy Balance in Male and Female Mice.
94  corn was untreated
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HMC (1 time)
2020 Effects of Lactobacillus hilgardii 4785 and Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 on the bacterial community, fermentation and aerobic stability of high-moisture corn silage.
95  corn-soybean meal basal diet
(2 times)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
ATTD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2018 Effects of natural dietary supplementation with Macleaya cordata extract containing sanguinarine on growth performance and gut health of early-weaned piglets.
96  counter
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
AVR (1 time)
ECB (1 time)
LUT (1 time)
2020 Fast Number Theoretic Transform for Ring-LWE on 8-bit AVR Embedded Processor.
97  craniotomy for tumor resection
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2013 Outcome prediction in intracranial tumor surgery: the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005-2010.
98  critical test results
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTRLs (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2006 Developing and implementing new safe practices: voluntary adoption through statewide collaboratives.
99  CT number ratio
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
2012 Urinary stone differentiation in patients with large body size using dual-energy dual-source computed tomography.
100  Cu transporter
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2015 Sequence analysis and gene expression of potential components of copper transport and homeostasis in Thalassiosira pseudonana.