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Abbreviation: CTR
Appearance Frequency: 1689 time(s)
Long forms: 280

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(307 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (22 times)
ROS (6 times)
GH (5 times)
1985 Retarded skeletal maturation in children with primary enuresis.
cardiothoracic ratio
(197 times)
Cardiology
(58 times)
LVEF (20 times)
HD (17 times)
BNP (12 times)
1977 The deleterious effects of surgically induced complete right bundle branch block on long-term follow-up results of closure of ventricular septal defect.
calcitonin receptor
(183 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
TRAP (41 times)
RANKL (26 times)
CT (16 times)
1991 Calcitonin receptor expression and its regulation by 1 alpha-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 during de novo osteoclast formation in organ cultures of fetal mouse metatarsals.
carpal tunnel release
(162 times)
General Surgery
(61 times)
CTS (53 times)
BCTQ (9 times)
TCL (7 times)
1996 The reliability and validity of the Tekdyne hand dynamometer: Part II.
capsular tension ring
(100 times)
Ophthalmology
(86 times)
IOL (47 times)
BCVA (11 times)
PCO (6 times)
1999 Prediction of pseudophakic capsular bag diameter based on biometric variables.
contrast-to-tissue ratio
(47 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(24 times)
PI (7 times)
SNR (7 times)
CEUS (4 times)
2002 Super harmonic imaging: a new imaging technique for improved contrast detection.
C-terminal region
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
CTD (4 times)
NTR (4 times)
Ad (3 times)
2004 The 3D solution structure of the C-terminal region of Ku86 (Ku86CTR).
control group
(40 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
Sb (3 times)
AKI (2 times)
CAD (2 times)
1996 Influence of thermal and dietary stress on immune response of rabbits.
CT receptor
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
CT (28 times)
sCT (7 times)
CGRP (3 times)
1994 Novel cell-surface Ag expressed on rat osteoclasts regulating the function of the calcitonin receptor.
10  cetrimide
(25 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
CHX (20 times)
MA (5 times)
CFU (4 times)
2010 In vitro antibacterial action of Tetraclean, MTAD and five experimental irrigation solutions.
11  Connecticut Tumor Registry
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
SEER (3 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1983 Cancer in mothers of dizygotic twins.
12  control subjects
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (4 times)
CHF (3 times)
CACs (2 times)
2000 Increased CSF levels of nerve growth factor in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
13  cricotracheal resection
(22 times)
Otolaryngology
(20 times)
LTR (6 times)
LTP (4 times)
SGS (4 times)
1999 Cricotracheal resection for pediatric subglottic stenosis.
14  control diet
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HFD (6 times)
PP (2 times)
ADFI (1 time)
2009 Dietary fish oil is antihypertrophic but does not enhance postischemic myocardial function in female mice.
15  coincidence time resolution
(16 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
PET (8 times)
TOF (4 times)
DOI (3 times)
2014 Influence of depth of interaction upon the performance of scintillator detectors.
16  consolidation/tumor ratio
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
OS (7 times)
GGO (5 times)
CT (4 times)
2014 Tumour standardized uptake value on positron emission tomography is a novel predictor of adenocarcinoma in situ for c-Stage IA lung cancer patients with a part-solid nodule on thin-section computed tomography scan.
17  chest tube removal
(13 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
ICU (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
EMLA (1 time)
1999 The quick relaxation technique: effect on pain associated with chest tube removal.
18  counseling, testing, and referral
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
HIV (4 times)
AOR (1 time)
CBOs (1 time)
2001 Revised guidelines for HIV counseling, testing, and referral.
19  calcitriol
(11 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
PTH (7 times)
Ca (3 times)
HP (2 times)
1995 Calcitriol effect on natural killer cells from hemodialyzed and normal subjects.
20  carbon dioxide transfer rate
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
OTR (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
HPR (2 times)
1992 Effect of changes in the pH and carbon dioxide evolution rate on the measured respiratory quotient of fermentations.
21  complete tumor resection
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AOC (1 time)
CTR-RT (1 time)
CVK (1 time)
1993 Carcinoma of the cervix: predictive value of clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging assessment of prognostic factors.
22  coherent transition radiation
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CCD (1 time)
EOA (1 time)
FEL (1 time)
2001 First Observation of z-Dependent Electron-Beam Microbunching Using Coherent Transition Radiation.
23  circadian temperature rhythm
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Tb (2 times)
anti-ChE (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
1986 Body temperature and sleep architecture in response to a mild cold stress in women.
24  clinical and translational research
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NIH (2 times)
ACTSI (1 time)
CTSA (1 time)
2010 Linking scientific discovery and better health for the nation: the first three years of the NIH's Clinical and Translational Science Awards.
25  Clinical Trials Registry
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CPAP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTRI (1 time)
2012 CTRI - Clicking to greater transparency and accountability.
26  crystal-truncation-rod
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GI XANES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
RAXR (1 time)
1998 Observation of composition in surface monolayers by X-ray scattering spectra caused by crystal truncation and interferences.
27  calcitonin receptor gene
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
AcbSh (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1998 Calcitonin receptor polymorphism is associated with a decreased fracture risk in post-menopausal women.
28  carboxyl-terminal region
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
ISRs (1 time)
RD1-4 (1 time)
1989 Intragenic and extragenic suppressors of mutations in the heptapeptide repeat domain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II.
29  chordae tendineae rupture
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CHF (1 time)
IABP (1 time)
ICD-9-CM (1 time)
2006 Association between hypertension and primary mitral chordae tendinae rupture.
30  contrast transfer ratio
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FSP (1 time)
PERG (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
1986 Contrast transfer ratio in normal, cataractous, and intraocular implant lenses. A clinical photopapillometric study.
31  ceftriaxone
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CTA (2 times)
CTX (2 times)
AST (1 time)
1982 Trapping of nonhydrolyzable cephalosporins by cephalosporinases in Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a possible resistance mechanism.
32  condition-test ratio
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
AW (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
2008 Effect of chronic morphine exposure on response properties of rat barrel cortex neurons.
33  control rats
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
TBR (2 times)
FS (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
1996 Role of insulin resistance in decreasing lipoprotein lipase activity in tumor-bearing rats.
34  cough transportability
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MCTR (2 times)
ARS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1996 Ring distraction technique for measuring surface tension of sputum: relationship to sputum clearability.
35  Council for Tobacco Research
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CIAR (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1991 What scientists funded by the tobacco industry believe about the hazards of cigarette smoking.
36  crest time ratio
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CT (4 times)
DVP (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2010 Novel application of parameters in waveform contour analysis for assessing arterial stiffness in aged and atherosclerotic subjects.
37  cross-match-to-transfusion ratio
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MSBOS (3 times)
NUP (1 time)
O and G (1 time)
1998 Maximum surgical blood ordering schedule in a district general hospital saves money and resources.
38  C-terminal regulatory segment
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
GTFs (1 time)
HSFs (1 time)
2004 Plant class B HSFs inhibit transcription and exhibit affinity for TFIIB and TBP.
39  canal thickness ratio
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PFF (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of fracture topography and bone quality in periprosthetic femoral fractures: A preliminary radiographic study of consecutive clinical data.
40  celiac trunk
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CHA (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
GDA (1 time)
2009 Assessment of splanchnic blood flow using magnetic resonance imaging.
41  Certified Tumor Registrar
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NCRA (2 times)
CoC (1 time)
RSFH (1 time)
2009 Going the distance for certified cancer registrars.
42  click-through rate
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
FDBN (1 time)
FDNN (1 time)
FGBRBM (1 time)
2017 A New Approach for Mobile Advertising Click-Through Rate Estimation Based on Deep Belief Nets.
43  compared to the control
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CAIII (1 time)
cGKI (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
1994 Putative effects of nerve extract on carbonic anhydrase III expression in rat muscles.
44  Complete resection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ITR (3 times)
CTR-RT (1 time)
Gy (1 time)
2004 Therapy of meningeal melanocytomas.
45  concomitant tumour resistance
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
CTE (1 time)
2004 Concomitant tumour resistance in patients with osteosarcoma. A clue to a new therapeutic strategy.
46  control condition
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2011 Dissociation between the activity of the right middle frontal gyrus and the middle temporal gyrus in processing semantic priming.
47  Controls
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Informants' Perception of Subjective Cognitive Decline Helps to Discriminate Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease from Normal Aging.
48  Cu transporter
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
hCtr1 (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2003 Ctr1 and its role in body copper homeostasis.
49  C-terminal repeat
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pol II (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
2010 The C-terminal repeat domain of Spt5 plays an important role in suppression of Rad26-independent transcription coupled repair.
50  calcitonin R
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Cat K (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
HOB (1 time)
2005 Molecular basis of osteoclastogenesis induced by osteoblasts exposed to wear particles.
51  California Tumor Registry
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
SIRs (1 time)
SMSA (1 time)
1983 Feasibility of identifying high-risk occupations through tumor registries.
52  cardiac transplant recipients
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
LVD (1 time)
1993 Coronary collateral circulation in the transplanted heart.
53  cavitation-to-tissue ratio
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ESB (1 time)
F-ESB (1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
2016 Wavelet-transform-based active imaging of cavitation bubbles in tissues induced by high intensity focused ultrasound.
54  cell tense ratio
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Ci (1 time)
Ls (1 time)
Pn (1 time)
2010 [Effects of irrigation amount on leaf structure, photosynthetic physiology, and fruit yield of Lycium barbarum in arid area].
55  central
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
jSR (1 time)
2006 Regional differences in spontaneous Ca2+ spark activity and regulation in cat atrial myocytes.
56  chicken transferrin receptor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CEFs (1 time)
hTR (1 time)
mTR (1 time)
1991 The cDNA sequence and primary structure of the chicken transferrin receptor.
57  Children's Tumour Registry
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HAA (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
1976 Methods of classifying and ascertaining children's tumours.
58  circadian rhythms of body temperature
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 Body temperature rhythms, cold tolerance, and fever in young and old rats of both genders.
59  citalopram
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
LC-QTOF-MS (1 time)
1995 [Effects of chronic administration of antidepressants on microtubule assembly in rat cerebral cortex].
60  citric acid
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CHT (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2015 Chitosan finishing nonwoven textiles loaded with silver and iodide for antibacterial wound dressing applications.
61  clinical trials
(2 times)
Liver
(1 time)
ASV (1 time)
DCV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2012 Simultaneous neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin for locally advanced rectal cancer. Treatment outcome outside clinical trials.
62  Clinical Trials Regulation
(2 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
EU (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2016 The EU Clinical Trials Regulation: key priorities, purposes and aims and the implications for public health.
63  Clitoria ternatea
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Clitoria ternatea (Linn) root extract treatment during growth spurt period enhances learning and memory in rats.
64  clotrimazole
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ECO (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2011 In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strains using agar diffusion method.
65  clutter-to-total-energy ratio
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
fps (1 time)
2010 A high-frequency, high frame rate duplex ultrasound linear array imaging system for small animal imaging.
66  coding tandem repeat
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
MVLST (1 time)
2008 Identification and characterisation of coding tandem repeat variants in incA gene of Chlamydophila pecorum.
67  collagen-tannin resin
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2010 Adsorptive recovery of UO2(2+) from aqueous solutions using collagen-tannin resin.
68  Colorado Twin Registry
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
--- 2006 Colorado Twin Registry.
69  Combat Trauma Registry
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
OIF (1 time)
TBIs (1 time)
2008 Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry.
70  Communicative theory of resilience
(2 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
DCRS (1 time)
2018 "He would never let me just give up": Communicatively Constructing Dyadic Resilience in the Experience of Breast Cancer.
71  compensatory tissue repair
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DW (2 times)
TA (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
2016 Hepatic Overexpression of Annexin A1 and A2 in Thioacetamide-Primed Mice Protects Them Against Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Failure and Death.
72  conservative treatment
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CMFs (1 time)
MCFs (1 time)
MMF (1 time)
2012 Open versus closed reduction: mandibular condylar fractures in children.
73  contralateral
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
FRC (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
1997 In vivo ultrasound assessment of respiratory function of abdominal muscles in normal subjects.
74  contrast-to-tissue
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CAR (1 time)
2015 Subharmonic, non-linear fundamental and ultraharmonic imaging of microbubble contrast at high frequencies.
75  control individuals
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2009 Bone mineral density and risk of fractures in aging, obese post-menopausal women with type 2 diabetes. The GIUMO Study.
76  control men
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
2009 Organ and gestational age effects of maternal nutrient restriction on global methylation in fetal baboons.
77  control sows
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
LIG (1 time)
TRT (1 time)
1996 Detection of cervical bacterial contamination in swine by two methods of swabbing in relation to artificial insemination.
78  control-fat supplemented cows
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CLA (2 times)
AcC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2015 Tocopherols and tocotrienols in serum and liver of dairy cows receiving conjugated linoleic acids or a control fat supplement during early lactation.
79  conventional therapies
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2011 Hemostatic effectiveness of Fibrin pad after partial nephrectomy in swine.
80  Cooperative Threat Reduction
(2 times)
Disease Outbreaks
(1 time)
GHI (1 time)
GHSA (1 time)
PEPFAR (1 time)
2015 Implementing the global health security agenda: lessons from global health and security programs.
81  Corbett Tiger Reserve
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2014 Understanding the local socio-political processes affecting conservation management outcomes in Corbett Tiger Reserve, India.
82  cortical thickness ratio
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BAR (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
2008 Disease activity and the course of elbow joint deterioration over 10 years in the patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.
83  craniotomies for tumor resection
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2013 Outcome prediction in intracranial tumor surgery: the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005-2010.
84  critical test result
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTRLs (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2006 Developing and implementing new safe practices: voluntary adoption through statewide collaboratives.
85  CT number ratio
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
2013 Urinary stone differentiation in patients with large body size using dual-energy dual-source computed tomography.
86  cubital tunnel retinaculum
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1991 The cubital tunnel and ulnar neuropathy.
87  cuneothalamic-relay
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AOAA (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
non-CTR (1 time)
1976 Effects of two benzodiazepines, phenobarbitone, and baclofen on synaptic transmission in the cat cuneate nucleus.
88  current transfer ratio
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
LED (1 time)
OLED (1 time)
rise (1 time)
2015 High performance organic-inorganic perovskite-optocoupler based on low-voltage and fast response perovskite compound photodetector.
89  current-threshold relationship
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NET (2 times)
RC (2 times)
SDTC (2 times)
2011 Altered nerve excitability in subclinical/early diabetic neuropathy: evidence for early neurovascular process in diabetes mellitus?
90  Advance-Clinical and Translational Research
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
KCA (1 time)
2018 Clinical and Translational Research in Rhode Island: Results of a Needs Assessment Survey.
91  C translocation rate
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2011 Seasonal patterns of carbon allocation to respiratory pools in 60-yr-old deciduous (Fagus sylvatica) and evergreen (Picea abies) trees assessed via whole-tree stable carbon isotope labeling.
92  C-terminal
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
Hsp40 (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
2018 Genetic variation in N- and C-terminal regions of bovine DNAJA1 heat shock protein gene in African, Asian and American cattle.
93  C-terminal hydrophobic repeat
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
HSF (1 time)
1998 The C-terminal hydrophobic repeat of Schizosaccharomyces pombe heat shock factor is not required for heat-induced DNA-binding.
94  C-terminal region interface
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MV (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
tA27 (1 time)
2013 Crystal structure of vaccinia viral A27 protein reveals a novel structure critical for its function and complex formation with A26 protein.
95  C-terminal repeat domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Paf1C (1 time)
2013 The recruitment of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Paf1 complex to active genes requires a domain of Rtf1 that directly interacts with the Spt4-Spt5 complex.
96  Ca transient ratio
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
A1R (1 time)
A2AR (1 time)
beta1R (1 time)
2008 Adenosine A2A and beta-adrenergic calcium transient and contractile responses in rat ventricular myocytes.
97  caffeine-to-theobromine ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2018 Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping for Theobromine and Caffeine Contents in Tea Plant ( Camellia sinensis).
98  CAG trinucleotide repeat
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
1997 Cloning of novel trinucleotide-repeat (CAG) containing genes in mouse brain.
99  calcitonin acting through its receptor
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2013 Calcitonin: physiology or fantasy?
100  Calcitonin inhibits bone resorption via its receptor
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
Dpyr (1 time)
OsteoP (1 time)
Pre-M (1 time)
2000 Calcitonin receptor mRNA in mononuclear leucocytes from postmenopausal women: decrease during osteoporosis and link to bone markers with specific isoform involvement.