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Abbreviation: CTR
Appearance Frequency: 1921 time(s)
Long forms: 303

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(350 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AD (24 times)
SOD (7 times)
MCI (6 times)
1985 Retarded skeletal maturation in children with primary enuresis.
cardiothoracic ratio
(211 times)
Cardiology
(60 times)
LVEF (21 times)
HD (18 times)
BNP (14 times)
1977 The deleterious effects of surgically induced complete right bundle branch block on long-term follow-up results of closure of ventricular septal defect.
carpal tunnel release
(203 times)
General Surgery
(73 times)
CTS (66 times)
BCTQ (17 times)
DASH (8 times)
1996 The reliability and validity of the Tekdyne hand dynamometer: Part II.
calcitonin receptor
(200 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
TRAP (47 times)
RANKL (30 times)
CT (18 times)
1991 Calcitonin receptor expression and its regulation by 1 alpha-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 during de novo osteoclast formation in organ cultures of fetal mouse metatarsals.
capsular tension ring
(111 times)
Ophthalmology
(93 times)
IOL (51 times)
BCVA (11 times)
ACD (6 times)
1999 Prediction of pseudophakic capsular bag diameter based on biometric variables.
control group
(55 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
Sb (3 times)
AKI (2 times)
CAD (2 times)
1996 Influence of thermal and dietary stress on immune response of rabbits.
contrast-to-tissue ratio
(53 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(25 times)
PI (9 times)
SNR (8 times)
CEUS (5 times)
2002 Super harmonic imaging: a new imaging technique for improved contrast detection.
C-terminal region
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
CTD (4 times)
NTR (4 times)
Ad (3 times)
2004 The 3D solution structure of the C-terminal region of Ku86 (Ku86CTR).
CT receptor
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
CT (28 times)
sCT (7 times)
CGRP (3 times)
1994 Novel cell-surface Ag expressed on rat osteoclasts regulating the function of the calcitonin receptor.
10  cetrimide
(27 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
CHX (20 times)
MA (6 times)
CFU (4 times)
2010 In vitro antibacterial action of Tetraclean, MTAD and five experimental irrigation solutions.
11  cricotracheal resection
(26 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
LTR (6 times)
SGS (5 times)
LTP (4 times)
1999 Cricotracheal resection for pediatric subglottic stenosis.
12  Connecticut Tumor Registry
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
SEER (4 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1983 Cancer in mothers of dizygotic twins.
13  control diet
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
HFD (6 times)
ADG (2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
2009 Dietary fish oil is antihypertrophic but does not enhance postischemic myocardial function in female mice.
14  coincidence time resolution
(22 times)
Biophysics
(18 times)
PET (9 times)
FWHM (5 times)
SPTR (5 times)
2014 Influence of depth of interaction upon the performance of scintillator detectors.
15  control subjects
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (4 times)
CHF (3 times)
CACs (2 times)
2000 Increased CSF levels of nerve growth factor in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
16  consolidation/tumor ratio
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
OS (7 times)
GGO (5 times)
CT (4 times)
2014 Tumour standardized uptake value on positron emission tomography is a novel predictor of adenocarcinoma in situ for c-Stage IA lung cancer patients with a part-solid nodule on thin-section computed tomography scan.
17  chest tube removal
(13 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
ICU (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
EMLA (1 time)
1999 The quick relaxation technique: effect on pain associated with chest tube removal.
18  counseling, testing, and referral
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
HIV (4 times)
aOR (1 time)
CBOs (1 time)
2001 Revised guidelines for HIV counseling, testing, and referral.
19  calcitriol
(11 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
PTH (7 times)
Ca (3 times)
HP (2 times)
1995 Calcitriol effect on natural killer cells from hemodialyzed and normal subjects.
20  carbon dioxide transfer rate
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
OTR (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
HPR (2 times)
1992 Effect of changes in the pH and carbon dioxide evolution rate on the measured respiratory quotient of fermentations.
21  complete tumor resection
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
AOC (1 time)
1993 Carcinoma of the cervix: predictive value of clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging assessment of prognostic factors.
22  coherent transition radiation
(8 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CCD (1 time)
EOA (1 time)
FEL (1 time)
2001 First Observation of z-Dependent Electron-Beam Microbunching Using Coherent Transition Radiation.
23  crystal truncation rod
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DFT (1 time)
GI XANES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1998 Observation of composition in surface monolayers by X-ray scattering spectra caused by crystal truncation and interferences.
24  carboxyl-terminal region
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
ISRs (1 time)
1989 Intragenic and extragenic suppressors of mutations in the heptapeptide repeat domain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II.
25  chordae tendineae rupture
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CHF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IABP (1 time)
2006 Association between hypertension and primary mitral chordae tendinae rupture.
26  circadian temperature rhythm
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Tb (2 times)
anti-ChE (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
1986 Body temperature and sleep architecture in response to a mild cold stress in women.
27  click-through rate
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DELTA (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2017 A New Approach for Mobile Advertising Click-Through Rate Estimation Based on Deep Belief Nets.
28  clinical and translational research
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NIH (2 times)
ACTSI (1 time)
CTSA (1 time)
2010 Linking scientific discovery and better health for the nation: the first three years of the NIH's Clinical and Translational Science Awards.
29  clinical trial registry
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CPAP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTRI (1 time)
2012 CTRI - Clicking to greater transparency and accountability.
30  control rats
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
TBR (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1996 Role of insulin resistance in decreasing lipoprotein lipase activity in tumor-bearing rats.
31  calcitonin receptor gene
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
AcbSh (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1998 Calcitonin receptor polymorphism is associated with a decreased fracture risk in post-menopausal women.
32  condition test ratio
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
AW (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2008 Effect of chronic morphine exposure on response properties of rat barrel cortex neurons.
33  contrast transfer ratio
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FSP (1 time)
PERG (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
1986 Contrast transfer ratio in normal, cataractous, and intraocular implant lenses. A clinical photopapillometric study.
34  cross-match-to-transfusion ratio
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MSBOS (3 times)
TI (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
1998 Maximum surgical blood ordering schedule in a district general hospital saves money and resources.
35  ceftriaxone
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CTA (2 times)
CTX (2 times)
AST (1 time)
1982 Trapping of nonhydrolyzable cephalosporins by cephalosporinases in Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a possible resistance mechanism.
36  Clinical Trials Regulation
(4 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
EU (2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
2016 The EU Clinical Trials Regulation: key priorities, purposes and aims and the implications for public health.
37  cortical thickness ratio
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BAR (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
2008 Disease activity and the course of elbow joint deterioration over 10 years in the patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.
38  cough transportability
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MCTR (2 times)
ARS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1996 Ring distraction technique for measuring surface tension of sputum: relationship to sputum clearability.
39  Council for Tobacco Research
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CIAR (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1991 What scientists funded by the tobacco industry believe about the hazards of cigarette smoking.
40  crest time ratio
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CT (4 times)
DVP (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2010 Novel application of parameters in waveform contour analysis for assessing arterial stiffness in aged and atherosclerotic subjects.
41  C-terminal regulatory segment
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
GTFs (1 time)
HSFs (1 time)
2004 Plant class B HSFs inhibit transcription and exhibit affinity for TFIIB and TBP.
42  canal thickness ratio
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PFF (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of fracture topography and bone quality in periprosthetic femoral fractures: A preliminary radiographic study of consecutive clinical data.
43  cardiac transplant recipients
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1993 Coronary collateral circulation in the transplanted heart.
44  cavitation-to-tissue ratio
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HIFU (2 times)
PI (2 times)
BSHI (1 time)
2016 Wavelet-transform-based active imaging of cavitation bubbles in tissues induced by high intensity focused ultrasound.
45  cell tense ratio
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Pn (2 times)
SR (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2010 [Effects of irrigation amount on leaf structure, photosynthetic physiology, and fruit yield of Lycium barbarum in arid area].
46  Certified Tumor Registrar
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NCRA (2 times)
CoC (1 time)
RSFH (1 time)
2009 Going the distance for certified cancer registrars.
47  Colorado Twin Registry
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
--- 2006 Colorado Twin Registry.
48  compared to the control
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CAIII (1 time)
cGKI (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
1994 Putative effects of nerve extract on carbonic anhydrase III expression in rat muscles.
49  Complete resection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ITR (3 times)
CTR-RT (1 time)
Gy (1 time)
2004 Therapy of meningeal melanocytomas.
50  concomitant tumour resistance
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
CTE (1 time)
2004 Concomitant tumour resistance in patients with osteosarcoma. A clue to a new therapeutic strategy.
51  conservative treatment
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CMFs (1 time)
EVT (1 time)
IVT (1 time)
2012 Open versus closed reduction: mandibular condylar fractures in children.
52  control condition
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
ENR (1 time)
2011 Dissociation between the activity of the right middle frontal gyrus and the middle temporal gyrus in processing semantic priming.
53  control fat-supplemented cows
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CLA (2 times)
3-MH (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
2015 Tocopherols and tocotrienols in serum and liver of dairy cows receiving conjugated linoleic acids or a control fat supplement during early lactation.
54  Controls
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Informants' Perception of Subjective Cognitive Decline Helps to Discriminate Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease from Normal Aging.
55  Cu transporters
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
hCtr1 (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2003 Ctr1 and its role in body copper homeostasis.
56  C-terminal repeat
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pol II (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
2010 The C-terminal repeat domain of Spt5 plays an important role in suppression of Rad26-independent transcription coupled repair.
57  C-terminus
(2 times)
Genomics
(1 time)
Hsp40 (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
2018 Genetic variation in N- and C-terminal regions of bovine DNAJA1 heat shock protein gene in African, Asian and American cattle.
58  calcitonin R
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Cat K (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
HOB (1 time)
2005 Molecular basis of osteoclastogenesis induced by osteoblasts exposed to wear particles.
59  California Tumor Registry
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
SIRs (1 time)
SMSA (1 time)
1983 Feasibility of identifying high-risk occupations through tumor registries.
60  capacity to respond
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2020 The 40 health systems, COVID-19 (40HS, C-19) study.
61  cardiac telerehabilitation
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CU (1 time)
QALYs (1 time)
2016 Cost-Utility Analysis of a Cardiac Telerehabilitation Program: The Teledialog Project.
62  cardiothoracic diameter ratio
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
GA (1 time)
Hb CS (1 time)
2019 Z Score Reference Ranges of Fetal Cardiothoracic Diameter Ratio.
63  carpal tunnel release surgery
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CTS (1 time)
FDS III (1 time)
SSCT (1 time)
2008 Flexor tendon and synovial gliding during simultaneous and single digit flexion in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome.
64  central
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
jSR (1 time)
2006 Regional differences in spontaneous Ca2+ spark activity and regulation in cat atrial myocytes.
65  chicken transferrin receptor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CEFs (1 time)
hTR (1 time)
mTR (1 time)
1991 The cDNA sequence and primary structure of the chicken transferrin receptor.
66  Children's Tumour Registry
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
HAA (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
1976 Methods of classifying and ascertaining children's tumours.
67  circadian rhythms of body temperature
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 Body temperature rhythms, cold tolerance, and fever in young and old rats of both genders.
68  citalopram
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
LC-QTOF-MS (1 time)
1995 [Effects of chronic administration of antidepressants on microtubule assembly in rat cerebral cortex].
69  citric acid
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CHT (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2015 Chitosan finishing nonwoven textiles loaded with silver and iodide for antibacterial wound dressing applications.
70  clinical trials
(2 times)
Liver
(1 time)
ASV (1 time)
DCV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2012 Simultaneous neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy with capecitabine and oxaliplatin for locally advanced rectal cancer. Treatment outcome outside clinical trials.
71  Clitoria ternatea
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Clitoria ternatea (Linn) root extract treatment during growth spurt period enhances learning and memory in rats.
72  Clot Time Ratio
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (1 time)
2019 Comparison of Coagulation Parameters in Arterial and Venous Blood in Cardiac Surgery Measured Using the Quantra System.
73  clotrimazole
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ECO (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2011 In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing of Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strains using agar diffusion method.
74  clutter-to-total-energy ratio
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
fps (1 time)
2010 A high-frequency, high frame rate duplex ultrasound linear array imaging system for small animal imaging.
75  coding tandem repeat
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
MVLST (1 time)
2008 Identification and characterisation of coding tandem repeat variants in incA gene of Chlamydophila pecorum.
76  collagen-tannin resin
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2010 Adsorptive recovery of UO2(2+) from aqueous solutions using collagen-tannin resin.
77  Combat Trauma Registry
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
OIF (1 time)
TBIs (1 time)
2008 Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry.
78  Communicative theory of resilience
(2 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
DCRS (1 time)
2018 "He would never let me just give up": Communicatively Constructing Dyadic Resilience in the Experience of Breast Cancer.
79  compensatory tissue repair
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DW (2 times)
TA (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
2016 Hepatic Overexpression of Annexin A1 and A2 in Thioacetamide-Primed Mice Protects Them Against Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Failure and Death.
80  complete tumour response
(2 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
GIST (1 time)
LE (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2019 Management of complicated tumor response to tyrosine-kinase inhibitors in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
81  concentric tube robot
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2018 In Vivo Inspection of the Olfactory Epithelium: Feasibility of Robotized Optical Biopsy.
82  contralateral
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
FRC (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
1997 In vivo ultrasound assessment of respiratory function of abdominal muscles in normal subjects.
83  contrast-to-tissue
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CAR (1 time)
2015 Subharmonic, non-linear fundamental and ultraharmonic imaging of microbubble contrast at high frequencies.
84  control fed
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
2009 Organ and gestational age effects of maternal nutrient restriction on global methylation in fetal baboons.
85  control individuals
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2009 Bone mineral density and risk of fractures in aging, obese post-menopausal women with type 2 diabetes. The GIUMO Study.
86  control sows
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
LIG (1 time)
TRT (1 time)
1996 Detection of cervical bacterial contamination in swine by two methods of swabbing in relation to artificial insemination.
87  conventional therapies
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2011 Hemostatic effectiveness of Fibrin pad after partial nephrectomy in swine.
88  Cooperative Threat Reduction
(2 times)
Disease Outbreaks
(1 time)
GHI (1 time)
GHSA (1 time)
PEPFAR (1 time)
2015 Implementing the global health security agenda: lessons from global health and security programs.
89  COPD treatment ratio
(2 times)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
GSK (1 time)
2019 External Validation of a COPD Risk Measure in a Commercial and Medicare Population: The COPD Treatment Ratio.
90  Corbett Tiger Reserve
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2014 Understanding the local socio-political processes affecting conservation management outcomes in Corbett Tiger Reserve, India.
91  core receptor
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
sCT (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2020 RAMP1 and RAMP3 Differentially Control Amylin's Effects on Food Intake, Glucose and Energy Balance in Male and Female Mice.
92  corn-soybean meal basal diet
(2 times)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
ATTD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2018 Effects of natural dietary supplementation with Macleaya cordata extract containing sanguinarine on growth performance and gut health of early-weaned piglets.
93  counter
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
AVR (1 time)
ECB (1 time)
LUT (1 time)
2020 Fast Number Theoretic Transform for Ring-LWE on 8-bit AVR Embedded Processor.
94  craniotomies for tumor resection
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2013 Outcome prediction in intracranial tumor surgery: the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005-2010.
95  critical test results
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTRLs (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2006 Developing and implementing new safe practices: voluntary adoption through statewide collaboratives.
96  CT number ratio
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
2013 Urinary stone differentiation in patients with large body size using dual-energy dual-source computed tomography.
97  cubital tunnel retinaculum
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1991 The cubital tunnel and ulnar neuropathy.
98  cuneothalamic-relay
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AOAA (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
non-CTR (1 time)
1976 Effects of two benzodiazepines, phenobarbitone, and baclofen on synaptic transmission in the cat cuneate nucleus.
99  current transfer ratio
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
LED (1 time)
OLED (1 time)
rise (1 time)
2015 High performance organic-inorganic perovskite-optocoupler based on low-voltage and fast response perovskite compound photodetector.
100  current-threshold relationship
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NET (2 times)
RC (2 times)
SDTC (2 times)
2011 Altered nerve excitability in subclinical/early diabetic neuropathy: evidence for early neurovascular process in diabetes mellitus?