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Abbreviation: CTRL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(469 times)
Physiology
(71 times)
AD (17 times)
ACL (8 times)
HF (8 times)
1988 Cell-mediated immune responses in human infection with Onchocerca volvulus.
control group
(86 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
BD (4 times)
STZ (4 times)
IR (3 times)
1993 Effects of oral administration of anti-inflammatory doses of prednisone on thyroid hormone response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin in clinically normal dogs.
control diet
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
HOMA-IR (2 times)
LP (2 times)
SEL (2 times)
2000 Comparison of different magnesium sources on lamb muscle quality.
control conditions
(14 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FENT (6 times)
CMEPs (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
2005 Influence of sympathetic tone on heart rate during vagal stimulation and nitroprusside induced hypotension in ovine fetus.
control subjects
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CBL (2 times)
CS (2 times)
7KCh (1 time)
1997 Pulmonary epithelial cell injury and alveolar-capillary permeability in berylliosis.
compared to controls
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
5-HT-LI (1 time)
1990 Myocardial metabolism during fixed-rate pulsatile left ventricular bypass.
control mice
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LRFI (3 times)
DFI (2 times)
RFI (2 times)
2009 Endothelial dysfunction in mice with streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes is opposed by compensatory overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the vasculature.
control rats
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
2013 Erlotinib preserves renal function and prevents salt retention in doxorubicin treated nephrotic rats.
control animals
(4 times)
Cardiovascular System
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
AT1 (1 time)
CAND (1 time)
1994 Intracellular calcium handling in isolated ventricular myocytes from cardiomyopathic hamsters (strain BIO 14.6) with congestive heart failure.
10  cognitively unimpaired elderly subjects
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
svPPA (2 times)
ATL (1 time)
2017 Naming unique entities in the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia and Alzheimer's disease: Towards a better understanding of the semantic impairment.
11  compared to untreated control
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LESS (2 times)
ACLR (1 time)
BHI (1 time)
2014 Optimization of combinations of bactericidal and bacteriostatic treatments to control Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon.
12  contralateral
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACLT (1 time)
Glut3 (1 time)
ipsi (1 time)
2010 Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury exacerbates neuronal apoptosis and precipitates spontaneous seizures in glucose transporter isoform 3 heterozygous null mice.
13  control diet meeting the amino acids requirement levels
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Local immune response of two mucosal surfaces of the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, fed tryptophan- or methionine-supplemented diets.
14  control individuals
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2016 Increased neurogranin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid of Alzheimer's disease and in mild cognitive impairment due to AD.
15  Control intervention
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
EFL (1 time)
ERCC (1 time)
PEF (1 time)
2011 Can the Flutter Valve improve respiratory mechanics and sputum production in mechanically ventilated patients? A randomized crossover trial.
16  control patients
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
C4BP (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2017 Increased activity of the complement system in cerebrospinal fluid of the patients with Non-HIV Cryptococcal meningitis.
17  control pigs
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HIB (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
1998 Differential role of epicardial and endocardial K(ATP) channels in potassium accumulation during regional ischemia induced by embolization of a coronary artery with latex.
18  control test
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BRR (1 time)
CPET (1 time)
FVLs (1 time)
2009 Do maximum flow-volume loops collected during maximum exercise test alter the main cardiopulmonary parameters?
19  Controls
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CMO (1 time)
2018 Proficiencies of Zingiber officinale against spine curve and vertebral damage induced by corticosteroid therapy associated with gonadal hormone deficiency in a rat model of osteoporosis.
20  cows were assigned to abomasal infusion of water
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CAS (2 times)
DIM (1 time)
DRTC (1 time)
2014 Abomasal protein infusion in postpartum transition dairy cows: effect on performance and mammary metabolism.
21  CAL+ ratio than control dogs
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARE (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2018 Changes in duodenal CD163-positive cells in dogs with chronic enteropathy after successful treatment.
22  CAO was followed by either vagotomy
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAO (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MEI (1 time)
2008 Effects of acute vagal nerve stimulation on the early passive electrical changes induced by myocardial ischaemia in dogs: heart rate-mediated attenuation.
23  cells enzymatically isolated from normal
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DXR (1 time)
1991 L-type cardiac calcium channels in doxorubicin cardiomyopathy in rats morphological, biochemical, and functional correlations.
24  cells from healthy donors
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
2015 Normal and Cystic Fibrosis Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells Infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exhibit Distinct Gene Activation Patterns.
25  cells towards the treated titanium surface
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ste (1 time)
TCP (1 time)
2018 Osteostimulative calcium phosphosilicate biomaterials partially restore the cytocompatibility of decontaminated titanium surfaces in a peri-implantitis model.
26  cells, the animals were divided into four experimental groups: nondiabetic
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MSC (1 time)
MSCc (1 time)
MSCd (1 time)
2017 Bone-Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) from Diabetic and Nondiabetic Rats Have Similar Therapeutic Potentials.
27  Central Reference luberculosis laboratory
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
LQAS (1 time)
PDCs (1 time)
2007 The quality of sputum smear microscopy diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
28  Central TB Reference Laboratory
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DST (1 time)
LPA (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of the Genotype MTBDRplus assay as a tool for drug resistance surveys.
29  change in intra-abdominal pressure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DIAL (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2012 Hyperpressure intraperitoneal fluid administration for control of bleeding after liver injury.
30  Channel Tunnel high speed Rail Link
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2007 Assessment of the health impacts of particulates from the redevelopment of Kings Cross.
31  Cheese made with lactococci starter
(1 time)
FAA (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
2016 Influence of reuterin-producing Lactobacillus reuteri coupled with glycerol on biochemical, physical and sensory properties of semi-hard ewe milk cheese.
32  cholesterol
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2015 Endocrine and metabolic function in male Carioca High-conditioned Freezing rats.
33  chymotrypsin-like
(1 time)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
CTRL-1 (1 time)
2016 Cloning a Chymotrypsin-Like 1 (CTRL-1) Protease cDNA from the Jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai.
34  chymotrypsin-like protease
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
LCAT (1 time)
1993 A tight cluster of five unrelated human genes on chromosome 16q22.1.
35  classification approach of vitamin K is analysed to differentiate premenopausal
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
bAP (1 time)
2004 Vitamin K in combination with other biochemical markers to diagnose osteoporosis.
36  collected at term from normotensive pregnancies
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2012 MIR-210 modulates mitochondrial respiration in placenta with preeclampsia.
37  commercial S. thermophilus strain, which was tested alone
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2019 Production of Naturally gamma-Aminobutyric Acid-Enriched Cheese Using the Dairy Strains Streptococcus thermophilus 84C and Lactobacillus brevis DSM 32386.
38  compared them to controls
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
FW (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2015 Oxidative stress and metabolic responses to copper in freshwater- and seawater-acclimated killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus.
39  compared these findings with results from healthy individuals
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CHEMO (1 time)
NKRs (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2010 Expression of natural killer receptors in T- and NK-cells: comparison of healthy individuals, patients with prior stem cell transplant, and patients undergoing chemotherapy.
40  compared to data in a healthy macaque
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
FAZ (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2012 Detailed functional and structural characterization of a macular lesion in a rhesus macaque.
41  compared to each other and to saline rinse
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FMPS (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2015 Dental plaque, gingival inflammation and tooth -discolouration with different commercial -formulations of 0.2% chlorhexidine rinse: a double-blind randomised controlled clinical trial.
42  compared to healthy controls
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PTR-TOF-MS (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2013 Rapid "breath-print" of liver cirrhosis by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A pilot study.
43  compared to home-cage control
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PSD (1 time)
PSD-diestrus (1 time)
2006 The effects of paradoxical sleep deprivation on estrous cycles of the female rats.
44  compared with normal
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
RB (1 time)
2015 Behavioral and hormonal pattern of repeat breeder cows around estrus.
45  compared with normal fibroblasts
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
PDE4 (1 time)
Pt (1 time)
2019 Increased Levels of cAMP by the Calcium-Dependent Activation of Soluble Adenylyl Cyclase in Parkin-Mutant Fibroblasts.
46  comparison to the contralateral control
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
HA (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
2013 Characterization of proteoglycan 4 and hyaluronan composition and lubrication function of ovine synovial fluid following knee surgery.
47  comparison with the patterns in healthy subjects
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BST (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
1998 Analysis of tear-protein patterns as a diagnostic tool for the detection of dry eyes.
48  comparisons to non-MD controls
(1 time)
Cachexia
(1 time)
ACSA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
2018 Relationships between muscle size, strength, and physical activity in adults with muscular dystrophy.
49  completed an examination prior to fellowship
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
POST (1 time)
2017 Advances in Pediatric Cardiology Boot Camp: Boot Camp Training Promotes Fellowship Readiness and Enables Retention of Knowledge.
50  composition typical of high quality proteins
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
EAA (1 time)
LEU (1 time)
MPB (1 time)
2010 Excess leucine intake enhances muscle anabolic signaling but not net protein anabolism in young men and women.
51  contrast to control
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DISC (1 time)
VCM (1 time)
ZU (1 time)
1990 Effect of a dopamine D-1 agonist in rats treated chronically with zuclopenthixol.
52  control + solvent vehicle
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
EX (2 times)
BSL (1 time)
FR (1 time)
1999 Additive effect of voluntary exercise and growth hormone treatment on bone strength assessed at four different skeletal sites in an aged rat model.
53  control acupuncture
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2012 Reducing vasomotor symptoms with acupuncture in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen: a randomized controlled trial.
54  control cannabis
(1 time)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
2018 Effect of Vaporized Cannabis on Exertional Breathlessness and Exercise Endurance in Advanced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. A Randomized Controlled Trial.
55  control cannula
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
TTE (1 time)
2006 A novel technique using echocardiography to evaluate venous cannula performance perioperatively in CPB cardiac surgery.
56  Control cows
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
ITMS (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2016 Effects of injectable trace mineral supplementation in lactating dairy cows with elevated somatic cell counts.
57  control cycling test
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2008 Prior muscular exercise affects cycling pattern.
58  control diet-fed
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
HR-microCT (1 time)
2016 Changes in bone macro- and microstructure in diabetic obese mice revealed by high resolution microfocus X-ray computed tomography.
59  control evaluation
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
LBNP (1 time)
2002 Effects of mild exercise on insulin sensitivity in hypertensive subjects.
60  control fabric
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
COOL (1 time)
2015 Does wearing clothing made of a synthetic "cooling" fabric improve indoor cycle exercise endurance in trained athletes?
61  control flavoring
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DPP-4 (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2016 A Protein Preload Enhances the Glucose-Lowering Efficacy of Vildagliptin in Type 2 Diabetes.
62  control group without ammonia stress
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
GST (1 time)
HMGB (1 time)
2017 Effect of alpha-lipoic acid on relieving ammonia stress and hepatic proteomic analyses of broilers.
63  control group without antibiotic or probiotic treatment
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ETEC (1 time)
MLN (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2009 Administration of Pediococcus acidilactici or Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii modulates development of porcine mucosal immunity and reduces intestinal bacterial translocation after Escherichia coli challenge.
64  control healthy subjects
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RCC (1 time)
UE (1 time)
2013 Differential protein profiling of renal cell carcinoma urinary exosomes.
65  control lungs
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
IPF (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
1994 Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other interstitial lung diseases.
66  control media
(1 time)
Teratology
(1 time)
CNCC (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2015 Influence of intracellular zinc on cultures of rat cardiac neural crest cells.
67  control neonates
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IFIs (1 time)
IYIs (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of the (1,3)-beta-D-glucan assay for the diagnosis of neonatal invasive yeast infections.
68  control pregnant baboons ate ad-libitum
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2017 Sexual dimorphism in the fetal cardiac response to maternal nutrient restriction.
69  control samples
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LAB (1 time)
UV10 (1 time)
UV20 (1 time)
2018 Short-term tolerance of equine spermatozoa to various abiotic factors.
70  control session
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
SIT (1 time)
2017 Modified sprint interval training protocols. Part I. Physiological responses.
71  Control sows
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
RS (1 time)
1998 Effect of insulin administration before weaning on reproductive performance in feed restricted primiparous sows.
72  control standard rat chow
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HF/HS (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
TEST (1 time)
2016 Trenbolone Improves Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Myocardial Tolerance to Ischemia-Reperfusion in Male Rats With Testosterone-Deficient Metabolic Syndrome.
73  control therapy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
2019 Circadian Preference as a Moderator of Depression Outcome Following Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Plus Antidepressant Medications: A Report From the TRIAD Study.
74  control therapy for insomnia
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2016 Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Combined With Antidepressant Pharmacotherapy in Patients With Comorbid Depression and Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
75  control vapor
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Reinstatement of ethanol-seeking behavior by drug cues following single versus multiple ethanol intoxication in the rat: effects of naltrexone.
76  control vehicle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BrdUrd (1 time)
LI (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2002 Effects of deflazacort and cortisone on cellular proliferation in the rat thymus.
77  control with no intervention
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
AW (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2010 Reduction of multidrug-resistant and drug-susceptible Salmonella in ground beef and freshly harvested beef briskets after exposure to commonly used industry antimicrobial interventions.
78  control without acceleration
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
Em (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2008 Heart status following high G exposure in rats and the effect of brief preconditioning.
79  control without antibiotics or probiotics
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Administration of probiotics influences F4 (K88)-positive enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli attachment and intestinal cytokine expression in weaned pigs.
80  control women
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
B/F (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BOTTLE (1 time)
2002 Lactation is associated with an increase in slow-wave sleep in women.
81  controls that received no amendment
(1 time)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
Put (1 time)
Spd (1 time)
2011 Metatranscriptomic signature of exogenous polyamine utilization by coastal bacterioplankton.
82  controls without mobility impairments
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
SB (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2007 Impact of spinal cord dysfunction and obesity on the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents.
83  conventional therapy (diuretic/beta-blockers) and with age- and sex-matched healthy subjects
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
AOPPs (1 time)
2003 Effects of ramipril in nondiabetic nephropathy: improved parameters of oxidatives stress and potential modulation of advanced glycation end products.
84  coronary arterial occlusions were performed in intact
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAO (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MEI (1 time)
2008 Effects of acute vagal nerve stimulation on the early passive electrical changes induced by myocardial ischaemia in dogs: heart rate-mediated attenuation.
85  corresponding values in asymptomatic volunteers
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2000 The potential role of the esophageal pre-epithelial barrier components in the maintenance of integrity of the esophageal mucosa in patients with endoscopically negative gastroesophageal reflux disease.
86  covertly
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PRL (1 time)
PSPT (1 time)
2001 Heterogeneity of circulating prolactin in the bitch.
87  cross-sectional study of healthy
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NTG (1 time)
OHT (1 time)
POAG (1 time)
2004 Complex autoantibody repertoires in patients with glaucoma.
88  Crossbred gilts were injected s.c. twice daily with saline
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PRL (1 time)
PRLR (1 time)
rp (1 time)
2005 Exogenous prolactin stimulates mammary development and alters expression of prolactin-related genes in prepubertal gilts.
89  CTRL exposure and after exposure to both treatments
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ArtSow (1 time)
FRUS (1 time)
1999 Hormonal and behavioral correlates of emotional states in sexually trained boars.
90  culture of five MCL cell lines
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
dCK (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
2014 Downregulation of deoxycytidine kinase in cytarabine-resistant mantle cell lymphoma cells confers cross-resistance to nucleoside analogs gemcitabine, fludarabine and cladribine, but not to other classes of anti-lymphoma agents.
91  cumulative dose of DOX or saline
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
2019 Plasmatic and chamber-specific modulation of cardiac microRNAs in an acute model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.
92  cycle function (i.e. higher (ARG):(ORN+CIT)) was observed in human
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2015 Molecular regulation of urea cycle function by the liver glucocorticoid receptor.
93  cyclodextrin vehicle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
TREN (1 time)
2015 Improvements in body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors and insulin sensitivity with trenbolone in normogonadic rats.
94  LV-control
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LV-CHF (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2012 Proteomic profiling implies mitochondrial dysfunction in tachycardia-induced heart failure.
95  normal-control
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2019 Nicorandil abates arthritic perturbations induced by complete Freund's adjuvant in rats via conquering TLR4-MyD88-TRAF6 signaling pathway.
96  Open-chest animals were studied at baseline
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LV (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 Functional uncoupling of the mitral annulus and left ventricle with mitral regurgitation and dopamine.
97  placebo-control
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
GTE (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2015 Green tea extract supplementation does not hamper endurance-training adaptation but improves antioxidant capacity in sedentary men.