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Abbreviation: CTS
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Long forms: 303

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carpal tunnel syndrome
(2420 times)
Neurology
(586 times)
NCS (130 times)
CSA (122 times)
US (86 times)
1973 Variations in the arteries of the median nerve. With special considerations on the ischemic factor in the carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).
chitosan
(185 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
SEM (19 times)
FTIR (9 times)
XRD (9 times)
1999 Microspheres of chitosan/poly(vinylalcohol) incorporating tetrasulphonated copper (II) phthalocyanine: preparation and characterization.
cardiotonic steroids
(68 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MBG (11 times)
NKA (7 times)
ROS (5 times)
1998 The cellular mechanism of action of cardiotonic steroids: a new hypothesis.
cyclic tensile strain
(66 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
AF (6 times)
IL (6 times)
iNOS (6 times)
1999 Cyclic tensile stress exerts antiinflammatory actions on chondrocytes by inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase.
cardiothoracic surgery
(52 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
GS (7 times)
AF (6 times)
LOS (5 times)
2003 Amiodarone prevents symptomatic atrial fibrillation and reduces the risk of cerebrovascular accidents and ventricular tachycardia after open heart surgery: results of the Atrial Fibrillation Suppression Trial (AFIST).
congenital tracheal stenosis
(50 times)
General Surgery
(35 times)
CHD (5 times)
CPB (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1988 Congenital tracheal stenosis: a review of 22 patients from 1965 to 1987.
Conflict Tactics Scale
(49 times)
Violence
(14 times)
IPV (12 times)
CI (4 times)
SES (2 times)
1987 Childhood experiences of parental physical violence for alcoholic women as compared with a randomly selected household sample of women.
Cryptotanshinone
(41 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
AD (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
APP (2 times)
2005 Determination of cryptotanshinone and its metabolite in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Community Tracking Study
(39 times)
Health Services Research
(21 times)
HSC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2000 Counting the uninsured: a comparison of national surveys.
10  circadian timing system
(31 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
SCN (8 times)
PSG (3 times)
ACT (1 time)
1994 Influence of gravity on the circadian timing system.
11  California Teachers Study
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
CI (5 times)
CIS (4 times)
HT (3 times)
2002 High breast cancer incidence rates among California teachers: results from the California Teachers Study (United States).
12  clinical trial simulation
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
PK (4 times)
AD (2 times)
PK-PD (2 times)
2001 Economic evaluations during early (phase II) drug development: a role for clinical trial simulations?
13  Collaborative Transplant Study
(22 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
CMV (2 times)
ATG (1 time)
CERTAIN (1 time)
1996 A single center evaluation of the Collaborative Transplant Study (CTS) DNA project.
14  Canadian Thoracic Society
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
COPD (7 times)
CI (2 times)
AAT (1 time)
1997 Mantoux (tuberculosis) testing. Evaluation of guidelines for testing in Canadian institutions.
15  cathepsin
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
MMPs (5 times)
ECM (2 times)
uPA (2 times)
2003 Functional proteomics of the active cysteine protease content in Drosophila S2 cells.
16  cor triatriatum sinister
(18 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AS (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
AVSD (1 time)
2002 Supravalvular mitral stenosis in a cat.
17  collective Thomson scattering
(17 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
LHD (3 times)
ECRH (2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
2008 Temporal evolution of confined fast-ion velocity distributions measured by collective Thomson scattering in TEXTOR.
18  charge transfer state
(13 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
NIR (2 times)
PET (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2006 The effect of the size of raw Gd(OH)3 precipitation on the crystal structure and PL properties of Gd2O3:Eu.
19  connective tissue sheath
(13 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
DP (2 times)
EGF (2 times)
ORS (2 times)
1990 Dynamic ultrastructural changes of the connective tissue sheath of human hair follicles during hair cycle.
20  cataract Shionogi
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
NOD (6 times)
NON (4 times)
ALR (1 time)
1990 Immune deficiency of cataract Shionogi (CTS) mouse. II. Impaired in vivo T cell-mediated immune response.
21  central termination sequence
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
cPPT (7 times)
RT (5 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
1997 DNA curvature controls termination of plus strand DNA synthesis at the centre of HIV-1 genome.
22  centrotemporal spikes
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
BECTS (4 times)
EEG (3 times)
RE (2 times)
1999 Headache in children with centrotemporal spikes.
23  clinical and translational science
(12 times)
Biomedical Research
(5 times)
CTSAs (2 times)
AHCs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2010 Training and career development in clinical and translational science: an opportunity for rehabilitation scientists.
24  COMATOSE
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
ABC (3 times)
ALDP (3 times)
2,4-DB (2 times)
2002 Control of germination and lipid mobilization by COMATOSE, the Arabidopsis homologue of human ALDP.
25  cracked tooth syndrome
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
--- 1998 The cracked tooth.
26  Cognitive Therapy Scale
(10 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
CBT (7 times)
RCT (2 times)
ATIM (1 time)
1985 Reliability of a measure of the quality of cognitive therapy.
27  constitutionally tall stature
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
BA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1984 The pattern of growth in children with constitutional tall stature from birth to age 9 years. A longitudinal study.
28  California Tobacco Surveys
(8 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
1999 Smoking status by proxy and self report: rate of agreement in different ethnic groups.
29  Clinical Teamwork Scale
(7 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CRM (1 time)
DP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2008 Validation of a tool to measure and promote clinical teamwork.
30  Clinical Treatment Score
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
RS (4 times)
DR (3 times)
LR (3 times)
2013 Comparison of PAM50 risk of recurrence score with oncotype DX and IHC4 for predicting risk of distant recurrence after endocrine therapy.
31  Corneal Topography System
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
AK (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
Auto-Km (1 time)
1993 Intraoperative raster photogrammetry--the PAR Corneal Topography System.
32  childhood trauma screener
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BSS (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CTQ (1 time)
2012 [A brief instrument for the assessment of childhood abuse and neglect: the childhood trauma screener (CTS)].
33  cranial tibial subluxation
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TTA (3 times)
CrCL (2 times)
PTA (2 times)
2005 The effect of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy position on cranial tibial subluxation: an in vitro study.
34  canine transmissible sarcoma
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AST (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
Ta (1 time)
1989 Chromosome analysis of canine transmissible sarcoma cells.
35  capsid targeting sequence
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GFP (3 times)
IPIII (3 times)
Ile (2 times)
1996 Capsid targeting sequence targets foreign proteins into bacteriophage T4 and permits proteolytic processing.
36  capsular tension segment
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CTR (1 time)
CTRs (1 time)
2005 Surgical repositioning of dislocated capsular tension rings.
37  Cervical Muscle Tenderness Score
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PTS (5 times)
CM (1 time)
CTTH (1 time)
2004 Muscle tenderness in different headache types and its relation to anxiety and depression.
38  compound threshold shift
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PTS (4 times)
ABR (3 times)
NIHL (3 times)
1991 Acoustic trauma in extracranial magnetic brain stimulation.
39  cue tone stimuli
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LHA (5 times)
ICSS (4 times)
AM (2 times)
1986 Lateral hypothalamus neuron involvement in integration of natural and artificial rewards and cue signals.
40  cytoplasmic-transmembrane-stem
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
B4GALT1 (1 time)
FUT7 (1 time)
GALT1 (1 time)
1999 The N-terminal 77 amino acids from tobacco N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I are sufficient to retain a reporter protein in the Golgi apparatus of Nicotiana benthamiana cells.
41  Cape Triage Score
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
CTG (1 time)
GSEST (1 time)
2006 The Cape Triage Score -- a triage system for South Africa.
42  carpal tunnel surgery
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
beta 2m (1 time)
CPOP (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
1996 Improving health care, Part 2: A clinical improvement worksheet and users' manual.
43  circadian time structure
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ALAN (2 times)
TLVs (2 times)
BC, PC (1 time)
2015 Nocturnal light pollution and underexposure to daytime sunlight: Complementary mechanisms of circadian disruption and related diseases.
44  Clearfil Tri-S Bond
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CSE (4 times)
AEB (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2009 The viscoelastic behavior of dental adhesives: a nanoindentation study.
45  composted tannery sludge
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Cr (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
2015 Soil microbial properties after 5 years of consecutive amendment with composted tannery sludge.
46  critical thinking skills
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CTD (1 time)
CTSAS (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2003 The relationship of critical thinking skills and critical thinking dispositions of baccalaureate nursing students.
47  CT sialography
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CECT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
MRIS (1 time)
1984 Evaluation of the parotid gland. Comparison of sialography, non-contrast computed tomography, and CT sialography.
48  Cattle Tracing System
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
bTB (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
SOA (1 time)
2007 Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain.
49  Cell Transplant Society
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
IPITA (2 times)
IXA (2 times)
2007 Abstracts of the Joint Meeting of the International Xenotransplantation Association (IXA), the International Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association (IPITA), and the Cell Transplant Society (CTS), Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, September 15-20, 2007.
50  chemical thoracic sympathectomy
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
1998 Heart rate variability during chemical thoracic sympathectomy.
51  chemotherapy follow by surgery
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRTS (2 times)
RTS (2 times)
ESCC (1 time)
2007 Preoperative chemotherapy in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer: results of the MRC LU22/NVALT 2/EORTC 08012 multicentre randomised trial and update of systematic review.
52  chest tomosynthesis
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
CXR (1 time)
2014 A retrospective study of chest tomosynthesis as a tool for optimizing the use of computed tomography resources and reducing patient radiation exposure.
53  Chest Trauma Score
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RFS (2 times)
RS (2 times)
CWTS (1 time)
2014 A chest trauma scoring system to predict outcomes.
54  ciliary targeting sequence
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2010 The cytoplasmic tail of fibrocystin contains a ciliary targeting sequence.
55  Compartmental tongue surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SCCA (1 time)
2009 Compartmental surgery in tongue tumours: description of a new surgical technique.
56  cyclic tetrasaccharide
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
6GT (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
MOS (1 time)
2002 Purification and characterization of glucosyltransferase and glucanotransferase involved in the production of cyclic tetrasaccharide in Bacillus globisporus C11.
57  C-terminal segment
(2 times)
Genetic Testing
(1 time)
MBD (1 time)
MECP2 (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2009 Rapid detection of deletions in hotspot C-terminal segment region of MECP2 by routine PCR method: report of two classical Rett syndrome patients of Indian origin.
58  C-terminal sequence
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
OEPs (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2007 The C-terminus of cytochrome b5 confers endoplasmic reticulum specificity by preventing spontaneous insertion into membranes.
59  CardioThoracic Systems
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MIDCAB (1 time)
1998 MIDCAB characteristics and results: the CardioThoracic Systems (CTS) registry.
60  carpal tunnel release surgery
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
IL-1beta (1 time)
IL-6R (1 time)
2015 The COL5A1 gene is associated with increased risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.
61  carpal tunnel syndrome hands
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MRD (2 times)
1999 [Carpal tunnel syndrome: clinical and epidemiological study in 668 cases].
62  cell deficiency strain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Defect of thymocyte emigration in a T cell deficiency strain (CTS) of the mouse.
63  cell-type-specific
(2 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
2007 HOXA5 is targeted by cell-type-specific CpG island methylation in normal cells and during the development of acute myeloid leukaemia.
64  Centralized Transfusion Service
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
PGD (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
2009 Enhanced detection of blood bank sample collection errors with a centralized patient database.
65  centrotemporal sharp waves
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
RE (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
ELP4 (1 time)
2009 Centrotemporal sharp wave EEG trait in rolandic epilepsy maps to Elongator Protein Complex 4 (ELP4).
66  centrotemporal spikes and sharp waves
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BNFC (1 time)
1997 Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes and electroencephalography trait are not linked to EBN1 and EBN2 of benign neonatal familial convulsions.
67  cerebral transverse sinus
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
DV (1 time)
PI (1 time)
PIV (1 time)
2009 Prediction of acidemia at birth by Doppler assessment of fetal cerebral transverse sinus in pregnancies with placental insufficiency.
68  change in tumour size
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MBC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of antitumor activity using change in tumor size of the survivin antisense oligonucleotide LY2181308 in combination with docetaxel for second-line treatment of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer: a randomized open-label phase II study.
69  Child Trauma Screen
(2 times)
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
(1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2017 Development and validation of a brief trauma screening measure for children: The Child Trauma Screen.
70  Chinese Thoracic Society
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CHEST (1 time)
PCCM (1 time)
2016 Establishing Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine in China: 2016 Report on Implementation and Government Recognition: Joint Statement of the Chinese Association of Chest Physicians and the American College of Chest Physicians.
71  Chinese traditional sourdough
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
--- 2013 Predominant bacteria diversity in Chinese traditional sourdough.
72  chitinase
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
Bc (1 time)
Bt (1 time)
1995 Isolation and characterization of two chitinase-encoding genes (cts1, cts2) from the fungus Coccidioides immitis.
73  cicatricial tracheostenosis
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Microbiological monitoring in prophylaxis and treatment of pyoinflammatory complications during early postoperative period in patients with cicatricial tracheostenosis].
74  cleavage timing system
(2 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
GVBD (1 time)
MPF (1 time)
1981 Cytoplasmic regulation of the duration of cleavage in amphibian eggs.
75  clinical trials system
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CIS (1 time)
2001 An assessment of cancer clinical trials vocabulary and IT infrastructure in the U.S.
76  cluster-tic syndrome
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CH (1 time)
TD (1 time)
1985 The cluster-tic syndrome and its surgical therapy.
77  co-transcriptional splicing
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
mRNA (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2015 Considering the kinetics of mRNA synthesis in the analysis of the genome and epigenome reveals determinants of co-transcriptional splicing.
78  colon transit scintigraphy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
STC (2 times)
FBD (1 time)
OD (1 time)
1995 Colon transit scintigraphy using oral indium-111-labeled DTPA. Can scan pattern predict final diagnosis?
79  Common Terminology Services
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
APIs (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2008 Vocabulary metadata service for terminology servers to handle variations in design of various biomedical terminologies.
80  complete tracheal segment
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
SM (2 times)
CTSNV (1 time)
2001 Time necessary for neovascularization of a tracheal segment by the sternohyoid muscle.
81  comprehensive testing system
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EPA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
1999 Determination of the effect of exposure to gasoline components on a high density polyethylene geomembrane using the comprehensive test system.
82  continuous traumatic stress
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
LPA (1 time)
MH (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2017 Psychiatric reactions to continuous traumatic stress: A Latent Profile Analysis of two Israeli samples.
83  coronal tibial slope
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
MTD (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
LTS (1 time)
2012 Tibial plateau geometry influences lower extremity biomechanics during landing.
84  Critical Thinking Scale
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
CCTST (2 times)
CCTDI (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2006 The evaluation of students' reflective writing for evidence of critical thinking.
85  crocodile tears syndrome
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
VS (1 time)
2006 [Bilateral "crocodile tears syndrome" associated with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome--case report].
86  Cu-2,3-pentanedione bis(thiosemicarbazone)
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2014 Cardiac hypoxia imaging: second-generation analogues of 64Cu-ATSM.
87  C-terminal pseudo-halves of COMATOSE
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Pseudo half-molecules of the ABC transporter, COMATOSE, bind Pex19 and target to peroxisomes independently but are both required for activity.
88  C-terminal subdomain
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
NTS (1 time)
1999 Missense mutation in the alternative splice region of the PAX6 gene in eye anomalies.
89  Cajal's Trichrome Stain
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
H and E (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2017 Modified Cajal's trichrome stain as a diagnostic aid in the study of epithelial pathology.
90  calcaneotibial screw
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2008 In vitro mechanical evaluation of medial plating for pantarsal arthrodesis in dogs.
91  calcific tendinitis of the shoulder
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SLAP (1 time)
2017 Examination of concomitant glenohumeral pathologies in patients treated arthroscopically for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder and implications for routine diagnostic joint exploration.
92  calcimycin-treated spermatozoa
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
MALDI-TOF (1 time)
PDPC (1 time)
2006 Destabilization of the acrosome results in release of phospholipase A2 from human spermatozoa and subsequent formation of lysophospholipids.
93  calcium transport system
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1978 A human serum protein system affecting muscle contractility: characterization of the five components and their reaction sequence.
94  calendar time-specific
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HRs (1 time)
PSs (1 time)
2013 Calendar time-specific propensity scores and comparative effectiveness research for stage III colon cancer chemotherapy.
95  California Baseline Tobacco Survey
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1996 Cigarette smoking among adult Latinos: the California Tobacco Baseline Survey.
96  California tiger salamander
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CRLF (1 time)
DS (1 time)
EECs (1 time)
2018 A refined ecological risk assessment for California red-legged frog, Delta smelt, and California tiger salamander exposed to malathion.
97  callus transformation system
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
FTS (1 time)
2018 Frond transformation system mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens for Lemna minor.
98  calpain-target site
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
cMyBP-C (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
PKA (1 time)
2019 Ablation of the calpain-targeted site in cardiac myosin binding protein-C is cardioprotective during ischemia-reperfusion injury.
99  canalicular transport system
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1983 Ultracytochemical studies of vesicular and canalicular transport structures in the injured mammalian blood-brain barrier.
100  Cancer Thriving and Surviving
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2014 Adaptation of the chronic disease self-management program for cancer survivors: feasibility, acceptability, and lessons for implementation.