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Abbreviation: CU
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Long forms: 272

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
callous-unemotional
(404 times)
Psychiatry
(208 times)
CD (55 times)
CP (42 times)
ICU (28 times)
2000 The importance of callous-unemotional traits for extending the concept of psychopathy to children.
chronic urticaria
(358 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(143 times)
CSU (31 times)
ASST (29 times)
UAS (27 times)
1986 [Adverse reactions to food preservatives].
cuprophan
(76 times)
Nephrology
(44 times)
HD (27 times)
PS (27 times)
PAN (14 times)
1983 Symptoms and activation of granulocytes and complement with two dialysis membranes.
curcumin
(43 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HSA (6 times)
BSA (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
1999 Effect of natural colourants and nitrites on colour attributes of frankfurters.
cannabis use
(39 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(16 times)
CUD (10 times)
CI (2 times)
NCU (2 times)
2007 Cannabis use and cannabis use disorders and their relationship to mental disorders: a 10-year prospective-longitudinal community study in adolescents.
chaperone-usher
(34 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
UPEC (5 times)
NTZ (3 times)
OM (3 times)
2009 Structural biology of the chaperone-usher pathway of pilus biogenesis.
Clemson University
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
BHI (2 times)
AP-PCR (1 time)
ATC (1 time)
1977 Evaluation of two avirulent vaccines for preventing experimental fowl cholera in turkeys, and use of one vaccine in the field.
clinical units
(23 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
CCK (4 times)
CHR (3 times)
CI (1 time)
1975 The relative potency of the Crick-Harper-Raper unit and the GIH clinical unit of secretin.
cognitively unimpaired
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (13 times)
MCI (9 times)
ADNI (5 times)
2008 Serum anticholinergic activity and cerebral cholinergic dysfunction: an EEG study in frail elderly with and without delirium.
10  chronic spontaneous urticaria
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
ASST (8 times)
MPV (2 times)
UAS (2 times)
2009 Patients with chronic urticaria exhibit increased rates of sensitisation to Candida albicans, but not to common moulds.
11  coding unit
(15 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
HEVC (9 times)
R-D (4 times)
RDO (3 times)
2013 Tandem repeats, high copy number and remarkable diel expression rhythm of form II RuBisCO in Prorocentrum donghaiense (Dinophyceae).
12  contact urticaria
(15 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
IEF (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
RAST (2 times)
1992 [Immediate allergic reaction to natural latex with special reference to surgical gloves].
13  content uniformity
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
API (7 times)
DPIs (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
2000 RSD requirement for different sample size for blend sampling.
14  cost-utility
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
QALYs (6 times)
CE (5 times)
QALY (3 times)
1997 A bootstrap approach to medical decision analysis.
15  cerato-ulmin
(13 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
DED (3 times)
MALDI-TOF (1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
1994 Isolation and characterization of the cerato-ulmin toxin gene of the Dutch elm disease pathogen, Ophiostoma ulmi.
16  cocaine users
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
HC (3 times)
CT (2 times)
CUD (2 times)
2006 The association between cocaine use and short-term outcomes for the treatment of heroin dependence: findings from the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (ATOS).
17  codon usage
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
Nc (4 times)
HGT (2 times)
ICDI (2 times)
1992 Codon usage in the G+C-rich Streptomyces genome.
18  cholinergic urticaria
(11 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
AD (1 time)
AIGA (1 time)
ASSTs (1 time)
1988 Acrivastine versus hydroxyzine in the treatment of cholinergic urticaria. A placebo-controlled study.
19  callous and unemotional
(9 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
CD (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1997 Psychopathy and conduct problems in children: II. Implications for subtyping children with conduct problems.
20  catch-up
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
NCU (2 times)
RES (2 times)
SGA (2 times)
2007 [Correlation between growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 resistance and insulin resistance in non catch-up growth rats born small for gestational age].
21  cuprammonium
(8 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
HD (4 times)
PS (4 times)
CTA (3 times)
1986 Different in vitro generation of C3d by cuprammonium and polycarbonate capillary hemodialyzers.
22  ulcerative colitis
(8 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CD (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
FAP (2 times)
1989 [Morphologic changes in ileoanal reservoirs 2 years after their construction].
23  chronic idiopathic urticaria
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ASST (2 times)
AH (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1993 Chronic idiopathic urticaria: possible contribution of histamine-releasing factor to pathogenesis.
24  clinical utility
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
APs (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2012 A novel metric to assess the clinical utility of a drug in the presence of efficacy and dropout information.
25  conventional unenhanced
(7 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
VU (4 times)
CT (3 times)
DECT (3 times)
2010 Dual energy CT (DECT) of the liver: conventional versus virtual unenhanced images.
26  cost unit
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LDLT (2 times)
ANA (1 time)
anti-ENA (1 time)
2001 Cost-effectiveness of dual-chamber pacemaker therapy: does single lead VDD pacing reduce treatment costs of atrioventricular block?
27  carotid ultrasound
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
IMT (4 times)
CAVI (3 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
2007 The relationship between carotid and coronary atherosclerotic damage in dialysis patients.
28  caseinolytic units
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
6-AHA (1 time)
Bb (1 time)
Bh (1 time)
1985 Plasmin inhibition of platelet function and of arachidonic acid metabolism.
29  chemiluminescent units
(6 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
aCL (3 times)
APS (2 times)
CIA (2 times)
1999 Resistance of endothelium-dependent relaxation to elevation of O(-)(2) levels in rabbit carotid artery.
30  control unit
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EU (2 times)
BSIs (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2001 Interactions between Triatoma infestans and Triatoma sordida (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in artificial ecotopes: population growth and age structure.
31  corneal ulcer
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
HCs (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
AED (1 time)
2006 Isolation, vancomycin resistance and biofilm production of Staphylococcus epidermidis from patients with conjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, and endophthalmitis.
32  Coronary Unit
(6 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ACS (1 time)
AIM (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1990 [The early phase of development of myocardial infarction in diabetics].
33  cutaneous ureterostomy
(6 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RC (4 times)
IC (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
2007 Cutaneous uretero-ureterostomy: a technique of urinary diversion for high-risk patients with bladder cancer.
34  cold urticaria
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CSU (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
FCAS (1 time)
1992 Cold urticaria as a model of mediator release: platelet factor 4, eosinophil cationic protein and histamine.
35  combat units
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MU (4 times)
RR (3 times)
AU (2 times)
2003 Long-term safety of orbital radiotherapy for Graves' ophthalmopathy.
36  conventional ultrasound
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IP (2 times)
OOP (2 times)
DU (1 time)
2006 Diagnostic value of the Conventional and Doppler ultrasound in pregnancy complicated with preeclampsia.
37  cuneiformis
(5 times)
Biology
(3 times)
LTM (2 times)
NGC (2 times)
NMC (2 times)
1983 Descending inhibitory influences from periaqueductal gray, nucleus raphe magnus, and adjacent reticular formation. I. Effects on lumbar spinal cord nociceptive and nonnociceptive neurons.
38  cuprophan membrane
(5 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
PBMC (2 times)
PMMA (2 times)
UR (2 times)
1988 Dialysis-related beta 2 microglobulin-amyloid arthropathy. Improvement of clinical symptoms after a switch of dialysis membranes.
39  Cairo University
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NCI (4 times)
AML (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2015 Expression profiling of cancer-related galectins in acute myeloid leukemia.
40  cellular uptake
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CPPs (2 times)
CP (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2013 Systematic screening of the cellular uptake of designed alpha-helix peptides.
41  compassionate use
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CUP (1 time)
2011 Improvement in mortality risk prediction after percutaneous coronary intervention through the addition of a "compassionate use" variable to the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI dataset: a study from the Massachusetts Angioplasty Registry.
42  compression ultrasound
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DVT (2 times)
CFV (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
1988 Lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis: further experience with and refinements of US assessment.
43  Corynebacterium urealyticum
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
EP (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
OU (1 time)
2003 [Encrusted pyelitis in patients with urinary diversion].
44  cured
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WT (4 times)
MVOC (1 time)
MVOCs (1 time)
2008 Bacterial ectosymbionts and virulence silencing in a Fusarium oxysporum strain.
45  cutaneous ulcers
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
GU (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2015 Haemophilus ducreyi Cutaneous Ulcer Strains Are Nearly Identical to Class I Genital Ulcer Strains.
46  Candida utilis
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
6PGDH (1 time)
CV (1 time)
FM (1 time)
1996 Levels of antinutritional factors in pearl millet as affected by processing treatments and various types of fermentation.
47  canine units
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
VWD (3 times)
FFP (1 time)
FVIII (1 time)
1995 von Willebrand's disease in Dobermann dogs in Australia.
48  cervix uteri
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
APs (2 times)
GC (1 time)
SWs (1 time)
2004 Study of the effect of cervix uteri buffeting on the vaginal musculature with identification of the cervico-vaginal inhibitory reflex.
49  Cetus units
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
CY (1 time)
LTBI (1 time)
1988 Human recombinant interleukin-2(125) induced in vitro proliferation of equine, caprine, ovine, canine and feline peripheral blood lymphocytes.
50  chloralose/urethane
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
FH (2 times)
BP (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1996 The effect of dexmedetomidine on the balance of myocardial energy requirement and oxygen supply and demand.
51  chronic uveitis
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ELF (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
LIU (1 time)
1997 Metabolic effects of liver transplantation in cirrhotic patients.
52  Citrus unshiu
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
IL-6 (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2015 Drinking citrus fruit juice inhibits vascular remodeling in cuff-induced vascular injury mouse model.
53  Clearfil Universal Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AU (1 time)
2016 Comparison of resin bonding improvements to zirconia between one-bottle universal adhesives and tribochemical silica coating, which is better?
54  combined unique
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
RRMS (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
BOD (1 time)
1999 Evidence of interferon beta-1a dose response in relapsing-remitting MS: the OWIMS Study. The Once Weekly Interferon for MS Study Group.
55  complete unilateral
(3 times)
Mouth Diseases
(1 time)
CB (3 times)
CLP (3 times)
TGFbeta3 (2 times)
2016 MMPs and TIMPs expression in facial tissue of children with cleft lip and palate.
56  compression ultrasonography
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DVT (3 times)
VTE (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1999 Imaging evaluation of suspected pulmonary embolism.
57  condom use
(3 times)
Disease
(1 time)
FSW (1 time)
RSB (1 time)
VMMC (1 time)
2010 Application of the social action theory to understand factors associated with risky sexual behavior among individuals in residential substance abuse treatment.
58  contrast ultrasound
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BAT (2 times)
LC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2012 In vivo noninvasive characterization of brown adipose tissue blood flow by contrast ultrasound in mice.
59  cumene hydroperoxide
(3 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GST (3 times)
CDNB (2 times)
DCNB (2 times)
1995 A study of gender, strain and age differences in mouse liver glutathione-S-transferase.
60  curl-up
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
cp, ic (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1996 Muscle activity in upper and lower rectus abdominus during abdominal exercises.
61  cytotoxic units
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
HU (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1985 Lymphokine-activated and natural killer cell activity in human intestinal mucosa.
62  calcinosis universalis
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
JDM (2 times)
2012 Sketched x-rays: Calcinosis universalis.
63  callous-unemotional behaviors
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
GWA (1 time)
2013 Genetics of callous-unemotional behavior in children.
64  carbohydrate units
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FPU (2 times)
BGL (1 time)
CSII (1 time)
2012 The effect of bolus and food calculator Diabetics on glucose variability in children with type 1 diabetes treated with insulin pump: the results of RCT.
65  care as usual
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DBD (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2007 Preventive effects of treatment of disruptive behavior disorder in middle childhood on substance use and delinquent behavior.
66  carotid ultrasonography
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APLS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2006 [Atheroscleotic vascular lesion in systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome in men].
67  catch-up-growth
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AGA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2006 Reductions in caloric intake and early postnatal growth prevent glucose intolerance and obesity associated with low birthweight.
68  cellulose membrane
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
1989 The production of platelet-activating factor during hemodialysis.
69  centrifugal ultrafiltration
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
LC/MS (1 time)
2015 Development of a mitochondria-based centrifugal ultrafiltration/liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method for screening mitochondria-targeted bioactive constituents from complex matrixes: Herbal medicines as a case study.
70  Chest ultrasonography
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1986 Value of chest ultrasonography versus decubitus roentgenography for thoracentesis.
71  chilling-units
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CR (1 time)
HABs (1 time)
2017 Mining and expression analysis of candidate genes involved in regulating the chilling requirement fulfillment of Paeonia lactiflora 'Hang Baishao'.
72  chloride/urea
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
DESs (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2015 Endowing manganese oxide with fast adsorption ability through controlling the manganese carbonate precursor assembled in ionic liquid.
73  Chosun University
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
ECG (2 times)
AE (1 time)
BIH (1 time)
2018 An EigenECG Network Approach Based on PCANet for Personal Identification from ECG Signal.
74  chronic ordinary urticaria
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FOXP3 (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
2005 Increased responsiveness of basophils of patients with chronic urticaria to sera but hypo-responsiveness to other stimuli.
75  chronic uremia
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1996 Relations between vasoactive hormones and diastolic function in hypertensive uraemic patients.
76  circumcaval ureter
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
SUB (1 time)
2009 Laparoscopic repair of circumcaval ureter: one-year follow-up of three patients and literature review.
77  cleft uvula
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1971 Cleft uvula: a microform of facial clefts and its genetic basis.
78  close-up
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FO (2 times)
BHBA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2010 Effects of twin pregnancy and dry period feeding strategy on milk production, energy balance, and metabolic profiles in dairy cows.
79  cold-induced urticarial
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2013 Cold-induced urticaria: challenges in diagnosis and management.
80  Columbia University
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
cpm (1 time)
LV (1 time)
LVPVCs (1 time)
1999 Pressure volume curves in arrested heterotopic rat heart isografts: role of improved myocardial protection.
81  computer users
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
OAP (1 time)
PRs (1 time)
2012 Computer use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study.
82  concentrated urine
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NCU (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
2003 Usefulness of urinary antigen detection by an immunochromatographic test for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia in children.
83  conceptual understanding
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
BU (2 times)
2016 Conceptual and Biofunctional Embodiment: A Long Story on the Transience of the Enduring Mind.
84  conductance units
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
FVC (2 times)
CVC (1 time)
LBNP (1 time)
2000 Reflex control of the cutaneous circulation during passive body core heating in humans.
85  confidence units
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
SGA (1 time)
1994 The effects of changing prompted voiding schedules in the treatment of incontinence in nursing home residents.
86  consolidated undrained
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MSW (2 times)
CD (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
2009 Compressibility and shear strength of municipal solid waste under short-term leachate recirculation operations.
87  context Units
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2011 Bioethics and anesthesia: a reflexive study of reports published in the Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology.
88  contrast uptake
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HIFU (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2006 Combination of HIFU therapy with contrast-enhanced sonography for quantitative assessment of therapeutic efficiency on tumor grafted mice.
89  copper smelter dust
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
TP (1 time)
1997 Reduction of the ex vivo production of tumor necrosis factor alpha by alveolar phagocytes after administration of coal fly ash and copper smelter dust.
90  core unit
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2001 Colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in ICU patients: morbidity, mortality, and glycopeptide use.
91  culture and educational area
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BU (2 times)
CL (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2010 Distribution and sources of DDTs in urban soils with six types of land use in Beijing, China.
92  cuneus
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CADASIL (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2009 An event-related potential study of deception to self preferences.
93  current
(2 times)
Spinal Cord Injuries
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
MHT (1 time)
2016 The Benefit of Menopausal Hormone Therapy on Bone Density and Microarchitecture Persists After its Withdrawal.
94  current unit
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EABR (1 time)
EARTs (1 time)
2005 Comparisons between neural response imaging thresholds, electrically evoked auditory reflex thresholds and most comfortable loudness levels in CII bionic ear users with HiResolution sound processing strategies.
95  cyclic urea
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HIV-1 PR (1 time)
SAFE_p (1 time)
SMF (1 time)
2002 Modified solvent accessibility free energy prediction analysis of cyclic urea inhibitors binding to the HIV-1 protease.
96  cytosine deaminase and uracil phosphoribosyltransferase
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
5-FC (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
Gluc (1 time)
2011 Suicidal gene therapy in an NF-kappaB-controlled tumor environment as monitored by a secreted blood reporter.
97  5-o-carboranyluracil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BNCT (1 time)
D-CDU (1 time)
2004 Tissue disposition of 5-o-carboranyluracil--a novel agent for the boron neutron capture therapy of prostate cancer.
98  C(A)CAU(C)CA
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PRM1 (1 time)
RNPs (1 time)
YRS (1 time)
2001 MSY2 and MSY4 bind a conserved sequence in the 3' untranslated region of protamine 1 mRNA in vitro and in vivo.
99  C. amomum
(1 time)
Biological Products
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2016 Immunomodulatory Activity of Leaf Infusions of Selected Cornaceae Species on Human Leukocytes.
100  calcium urolithiasis
(1 time)
Urolithiasis
(1 time)
FHS (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2017 Calcium urolithiasis course in young stone formers is influenced by the strength of family history: results from a retrospective study.