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Abbreviation: CWS
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Long forms: 102

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
children who stutter
(109 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(93 times)
CWNS (46 times)
TDC (6 times)
ERPs (5 times)
1999 Grammatical characteristics of children's conversational utterances that contain disfluency clusters.
cell wall skeleton
(39 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
TDM (7 times)
MPL (6 times)
BCG (5 times)
1975 Immunotherapy of cancer: tumor suppression and regression by cell walls of Mycobacterium phlei attached to oil droplets.
cold-water swims
(30 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(15 times)
2-DG (3 times)
SIA (3 times)
DNR (2 times)
1979 Analgesia induced by cold-water stress: attenuation following hypophysectomy.
cotton wool spots
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
HIV (6 times)
CMV (3 times)
CRVO (3 times)
1987 Calcified cytoid bodies in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
child welfare system
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
CI (2 times)
ECE (2 times)
YWD (2 times)
2008 Prevention of behavior problems for children in foster care: outcomes and mediation effects.
Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
RMS (6 times)
OS (4 times)
CR (3 times)
2008 Initial patient characteristics can predict pattern and risk of relapse in localized rhabdomyosarcoma.
Cambridge Worry Scale
(17 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
EPDS (4 times)
STAI (4 times)
CES-D (2 times)
2003 Women's worries during pregnancy: testing the Cambridge Worry Scale on 200 Swedish women.
comfortable walking speed
(17 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
MS (4 times)
6MW (2 times)
ADL (2 times)
2001 Use of orthoses lowers the O(2) cost of walking in children with spastic cerebral palsy.
circumferential wall stress
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
IMT (7 times)
LD (4 times)
BP (3 times)
2005 Endothelin-1 levels and conduit artery mechanical properties in end-stage renal disease.
10  child welfare services
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
PDHP (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
1989 [The Family Counsel for Wards of the state. Its essential role in adoption matters].
11  Cancer Worry Scale
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
FCR (5 times)
PCa (2 times)
AYA (1 time)
2007 The cancer worry chart: a single-item screening measure of worry about developing breast cancer.
12  chest wall stimulation
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
OEP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1975 Therapeutic usefulness of chest wall stimulation in patients with demand pacemakers.
13  cold water stress
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
DG (1 time)
1995 Rapid reversible phosphorylation of rat brain tau proteins in response to cold water stress.
14  Canada-wide standard
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
BOCs (2 times)
GC-FID (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
2003 Canada Wide Standard for particulate matter and ozone: cost-benefit analysis using a Life Quality Index.
15  capsular warning syndrome
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
TIAs (2 times)
DWI (1 time)
HRMRI (1 time)
2001 Localization of clinical syndromes using DWI: two examples of the "capsular" warning syndrome.
16  chest wall strapping
(9 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
DI (2 times)
MCh (2 times)
AHR (1 time)
2000 Respiratory sensation during chest wall restriction and dead space loading in exercising men.
17  coal-water slurry
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CMC (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
CWSP (1 time)
2003 Adsorption of sodium dodecyl benzenesulfonate onto coal.
18  community water system
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MCL (3 times)
AMP (1 time)
DEHP (1 time)
2007 Assessment of the multimedia mitigation of radon in New York.
19  cannabis withdrawal syndrome
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AOR (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
CGI-S (1 time)
2010 Cannabis withdrawal severity and short-term course among cannabis-dependent adolescent and young adult inpatients.
20  Cochran-Weiss-Shanteau
(6 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
MBEA (1 time)
ULDs (1 time)
2003 Empirical assessment of expertise.
21  chest wall syndrome
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(4 times)
CHD (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
2007 Chest wall syndrome among primary care patients: a cohort study.
22  constructed wetland systems
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
EAF (2 times)
RGAs (2 times)
EEQ (1 time)
2002 Phosphorus saturation potential: a parameter for estimating the longevity of constructed wetland systems.
23  continuous wave spectroscopic
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
TRS (3 times)
MRS (1 time)
multi-distance (1 time)
1989 Time resolved spectroscopic (TRS) and continuous wave spectroscopic (CWS) studies of photon migration in human arms and limbs.
24  Cigarette Withdrawal Scale
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CDS (1 time)
DSM-IV (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2006 Assessing DSM-IV nicotine withdrawal symptoms: a comparison and evaluation of five different scales.
25  clinicians' workstation
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
LIS (1 time)
1990 A computer workstation for clinical medicine.
26  coconut water solution
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
MEM (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2004 Survival and growth of goat primordial follicles after in vitro culture of ovarian cortical slices in media containing coconut water.
27  Cannabis Withdrawal Scale
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CPQ (1 time)
CUPIT (1 time)
2014 Lithium carbonate in the management of cannabis withdrawal: a randomized placebo-controlled trial in an inpatient setting.
28  Chicago Waterway System
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DO (3 times)
CSO (2 times)
IEPA (1 time)
2007 Effectiveness of combined sewer overflow treatment for dissolved oxygen improvement in the Chicago waterways.
29  cold water solubility
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2007 Antihypertensive activities of a solid-state culture of Taiwanofungus camphoratus (Chang-chih) in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
30  CARDIA Women's Study
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CARDIA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Racial differences in self-reported infertility and risk factors for infertility in a cohort of black and white women: the CARDIA Women's Study.
31  Carotid Wallstent
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2011 Initial experience of carotid artery stenting using the Carotid WALLSTENT and FilterWire EZ in Japan.
32  chest wall separation
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2009 Do all patients of breast carcinoma need 3-dimensional CT-based planning? A dosimetric study comparing different breast sizes.
33  Chinese word segmentation
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BiLSTM (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
NER (1 time)
2019 A fine-grained Chinese word segmentation and part-of-speech tagging corpus for clinical text.
34  chopped wheat straw
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BaP (1 time)
BbF (1 time)
BkF (1 time)
2009 Effectiveness of three bulking agents for food waste composting.
35  chosen walking speed
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
BKA (1 time)
BKAs (1 time)
1994 Relation among indices of effort and oxygen uptake in below-knee amputee and able-bodied children.
36  clinical work sampling
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ITE (1 time)
ITER (1 time)
2000 Clinical work sampling A new approach to the problem of in-training evaluation.
37  cold water swimmers
(2 times)
Stress, Physiological
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
BF (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2016 The effect of cold water endurance swimming on core temperature in aspiring English Channel swimmers.
38  color wheel system
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
IVs (1 time)
2016 Preventing Disruptive Behavior via Classroom Management: Validating the Color Wheel System in Kindergarten Classrooms.
39  comfort walking speed
(2 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
PCI (2 times)
PVD (1 time)
2014 Energy expenditure and walking speed in lower limb amputees: a cross sectional study.
40  compliance with the soft tissue protocol
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PNET (1 time)
1997 [Primitive neuroectodermal tumor].
41  connection-weight-space
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
NN (2 times)
ICA (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2006 Tracking the states of a nonlinear and nonstationary system in the weight-space of artificial neural networks.
42  Coping With Strain
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CWD (1 time)
2016 Coping With Strain (CWS) course - its effects on depressive symptoms: A four-year longitudinal randomized controlled trial.
43  covered Wallstent
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DLS (1 time)
ePTFE (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2010 Management of distal malignant biliary obstruction with the ComVi stent, a new covered metallic stent.
44  crawling wave sonoelastography
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CNR (1 time)
MM (1 time)
STL-SWEI (1 time)
2016 Shear Wave Speed Measurements Using Crawling Wave Sonoelastography and Single Tracking Location Shear Wave Elasticity Imaging for Tissue Characterization.
45  rubra-cell wall skeleton
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1983 Chemoimmunotherapy for acute nonlymphocytic leukemia with BCG-and/or Nocardia rubra-cell wall skeleton (CWS). I. Clinical efficacy.
46  Caldwell Luc surgery
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2016 Caldwell Luc Surgery: Revisited.
47  Canadian Wildlife Service
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Is there a need to re-examine the approval of bismuth shotshell as a non-toxic alternative to lead based on the precautionary principle?
48  Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ChE (1 time)
FPMI (1 time)
1992 An interlaboratory comparison of data on brain cholinesterase activity in forest songbirds exposed to aerial application of Zectran.
49  Cardiac Work Station
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
QCA (1 time)
1996 Reproducibility of quantitative coronary analysis, Assessment of variability due to frame selection, different observers, and different cinefilmless laboratories.
50  Carer well-being and support questionnaire
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IADCQ (1 time)
2018 How best to assess quality of life in informal carers of people with dementia; A systematic review of existing outcome measures.
51  Celebrity Worship Scale
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Conceptualization and measurement of celebrity worship.
52  cell wall skeleton plus monophosphoryl lipid A
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DTH (1 time)
MPL (1 time)
1991 Effect of cell wall skeleton and monophosphoryl lipid A adjuvant on the immunogenicity of a murine B16 melanoma vaccine.
53  cell wall spanning
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
tnp (1 time)
2011 Cloning and expression of a novel lactococcal aggregation factor from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis BGKP1.
54  cell wall spinach
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 The cellulose-degrading microbial community of the human gut varies according to the presence or absence of methanogens.
55  cell wall synthesis
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Prospects of manipulating diatom silica nanostructure.
56  changes in work schedules
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
IS (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2012 Interventions to reduce medication errors in adult intensive care: a systematic review.
57  Charcot-Wilbrand syndrome
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Total dream loss: a distinct neuropsychological dysfunction after bilateral PCA stroke.
58  Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 The environmental history of Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, a protected area in Myanmar (Burma).
59  chest wall stabilization
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Chest wall stabilization in trauma patients: why, when, and how?
60  chest-wall seated
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
ITV (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2012 TU-E-BRB-10: Dosimetric Consequences of Setup Errors Using CBCT for SBRT Localization.
61  children's weight status
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2017 Disparities in Accuracy of Maternal Perceptions of Obesity among Hispanic Children.
62  chlorhexidine wound solution
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
VWS (1 time)
2017 Disruption of Biofilms and Neutralization of Bacteria Using Hypochlorous Acid Solution: An In Vivo and In Vitro Evaluation.
63  chromosome wise significance
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GWA (1 time)
GWS (1 time)
LDLA (1 time)
2011 Large scale genome-wide association and LDLA mapping study identifies QTLs for boar taint and related sex steroids.
64  Church World Service
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
INE (1 time)
MNP (1 time)
2012 Combined intensive nutrition education and micronutrient powder supplementation improved nutritional status of mildly wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia.
65  citrus waste solution
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CMHS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2013 Isolation and characteristics analysis of a novel high bacterial cellulose producing strain Gluconacetobacter intermedius CIs26.
66  clarified human whole saliva
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
1995 Characterization of glucosyltransferaseB, GtfC, and GtfD in solution and on the surface of hydroxyapatite.
67  classical work-stealing algorithm
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
FCFS (1 time)
FCNs (1 time)
GWS (1 time)
2018 GWS-A Collaborative Load-Balancing Algorithm for Internet-of-Things.
68  clear seawater system
(1 time)
BFT (1 time)
WSSV (1 time)
2018 Exploring the Impact of the Biofloc Rearing System and an Oral WSSV Challenge on the Intestinal Bacteriome of Litopenaeus vannamei.
69  clear-water stage
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
YOY (1 time)
2007 Climate-driven warming during spring destabilises a Daphnia population: a mechanistic food web approach.
70  cold water stimulus
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AES (1 time)
DH (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2004 Dentine hypersensitivity: a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of a fluoride-sensitive teeth mouthrinse.
71  cold water swelling modified starches
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HWS (1 time)
2019 Rice starch citrates and lactates: A comparative study on hot water and cold water swelling starches.
72  collision warning systems
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
FAs (1 time)
UAs (1 time)
2007 The influence of distraction and driving context on driver response to imperfect collision warning systems.
73  Color Wheel classroom management system
(1 time)
Psychology, Educational
(1 time)
OT (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2008 Increasing on-task behavior in every student in a second-grade classroom during transitions: validating the Color Wheel system.
74  Color-Word Stroop Test
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
LMT (1 time)
RCF (1 time)
2014 Impact of fetal development on neurocognitive performance of adolescents with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease.
75  colour word Stroop
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
GNG (1 time)
IC (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2018 Effect of cognitive and executive functions on perception of quality of life of cognitively normal elderly people dwelling in residential aged care facilities in Sri Lanka.
76  commercial sex workers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
2005 Trend of selected risk factors for hepatitis B infection among the drug addicts in Bangladesh: a five year statistics.
77  community water supplies
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NCS (1 time)
TTHM (1 time)
2015 Validation of drinking water disinfection by-product exposure assessment for rural areas in the National Children's Study.
78  community-wide scan
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Community-wide scan identifies fish species associated with coral reef services across the Indo-Pacific.
79  compacted wet soil
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effects of compaction and wetting of laterite cover soil on development and survival of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) immatures.
80  compliance with the protocol of the soft tissue trail
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PNET (1 time)
1996 [Primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET): a rare highly malignant soft tissue tumor in children and young adults].
81  condition when resting muscle oxygen consumption is unchanged, NIR
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
2010 The effect of endurance training on resting oxygen stores in muscle evaluated by near infrared continuous wave spectroscopy.
82  contamination warning system
(1 time)
WDSs (1 time)
2018 The effect of a loss of model structural detail due to network skeletonization on contamination warning system design: case studies.
83  continuous water supplies
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IWS (1 time)
2016 Intermittent Water Supply: Prevalence, Practice, and Microbial Water Quality.
84  continuous wave near-infrared spectroscopy
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TRS (1 time)
2010 Individual differences in blood volume and oxygenation in the brain during a cognitive task based on time-resolved spectroscopic measurements.
85  controlled walking speed
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2006 Kinematic and kinetic comparisons of transfemoral amputee gait using C-Leg and Mauch SNS prosthetic knees.
86  cooking water samples
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Dental fluorosis in populations from Chiang Mai, Thailand with different fluoride exposures - paper 2: the ability of fluorescence imaging to detect differences in fluorosis prevalence and severity for different fluoride intakes from water.
87  cooling tower water system
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Control of corrosive bacterial community by bronopol in industrial water system.
88  coppice with standards system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HFS (1 time)
2006 Detecting local establishment strategies of wild cherry (Prunus avium L.).
89  Correct Writing Sequences
(1 time)
Psychology, Educational
(1 time)
CMIWS (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
TWW (1 time)
2016 Concurrent validity and classification accuracy of curriculum-based measurement for written expression.
90  corrected WS
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
EWP (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2005 Reproductive performance of pubertal red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds: effects of genetic introgression of wapiti subspecies on pregnancy rates at 18 months of age.
91  corticosteroid withdrawal syndrome
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2009 Withdrawal of corticosteroids in inflammatory bowel disease patients after dependency periods ranging from 2 to 45 years: a proposed method.
92  cotton wool samplers
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ECP (1 time)
NS (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
1999 Norm values for eosinophil cationic protein in nasal secretions: influence of specimen collection.
93  cracked whole soybeans
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EX (1 time)
SBM (1 time)
2017 Twin- or single-screw extrusion of raw soybeans and preconditioned soybean meal and corn as individual ingredients or as corn-soybean product blends in diets for weanling swine.
94  craving predicted relapse at 14-day follow-up
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
DSM-IV (1 time)
ICD-10 (1 time)
MWF (1 time)
2006 A comparison of the psychometric properties of three cigarette withdrawal scales.
95  critical walking speed
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
2005 Encouraged 6-min walking test indicates maximum sustainable exercise in COPD patients.
96  crystalline WS
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AWS (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2016 Application of NIR chemometric methods for quantification of the crystalline fraction of warfarin sodium in drug product.
97  curiosity will be satisfied
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CWN (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2013 Electrophysiological evidence for the importance of interpersonal curiosity.
98  CWNS, with no statistically significant between-group difference in chronological age
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
SLD (1 time)
SLD/TD (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2009 Influence of stuttering variation on talker group classification in preschool children: preliminary findings.
99  cyst wall synthase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
UDP-GalNAc (1 time)
2004 Cyst wall synthase: N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase activity is induced to form the novel N-acetylgalactosamine polysaccharide in the Giardia cyst wall.
100  Cytokine Weighted Score
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HCs (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2019 Reduced CXCL1/GRO chemokine plasma levels are a possible biomarker of elderly depression.