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Abbreviation: Ca
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Long forms: 1306

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
calcium
(3946 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(444 times)
PTH (466 times)
Zn (396 times)
ALP (213 times)
1968 Correlation of contractile force with a calcium pool in the isolated cat heart.
concentration
(131 times)
Physiology
(36 times)
Ci (9 times)
iWUE (7 times)
ALP (5 times)
1970 Further study of the role of calcium in synaptic transmission.
conductance K
(73 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
NO (8 times)
ACh (6 times)
CO (3 times)
1989 Ca2+-activated K+ conductance of the human red cell membrane: voltage-dependent Na+ block of outward-going currents.
large-conductance K
(40 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
NO (7 times)
EDHF (6 times)
ACh (5 times)
1994 Functional dependence of Ca(2+)-activated K+ current on L- and N-type Ca2+ channels: differences between chicken sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons suggest different regulatory mechanisms.
changes in I
(33 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
LV (3 times)
SR (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1998 Relation of exocytosis and Ca2+-activated K+ current during Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in individual rat chromaffin cells.
channel K
(30 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
PKC (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1991 Temperature dependence of drug blockade of a calcium-dependent potassium channel in cultured hippocampal neurons.
intermediate-conductance K
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
EDHF (7 times)
ACh (4 times)
NO (4 times)
1996 Novel nonpeptide agents potently block the C-type inactivated conformation of Kv1.3 and suppress T cell activation.
capillary number
(23 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
Re (2 times)
Bo (1 time)
Cacr (1 time)
1996 Microscopic and Macroscopic Dynamic Interface Shapes and the Interpretation of Dynamic Contact Angles.
channels and K
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NO (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
1996 Involvement of K(Ca) channels and stretch-activated channels in calcium influx, triggering membrane fusion of chick embryonic myoblasts.
10  conclude that IK
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
CTX (4 times)
BK (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
1985 Calcium-induced inactivation of calcium current causes the inter-burst hyperpolarization of Aplysia bursting neurones.
11  small-conductance K
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
EDHF (8 times)
NO (7 times)
ACh (5 times)
1998 Role of potassium channels in the nitrergic nerve stimulation-induced vasodilatation in the guinea-pig isolated basilar artery.
12  characterization of BK
(19 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
BHA (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
1989 Ca2(+)-activated K+ channels in human B lymphocytes and rat thymocytes.
13  calcium ion
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
Ti (3 times)
ACP (1 time)
ALAT (1 time)
1982 Residual calcium ions depress activation of calcium-dependent current.
14  calcium-activated potassium current, IK
(17 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
4-AP (1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1987 Calcium channel currents and their inhibition by (-)-baclofen in rat sensory neurones: modulation by guanine nucleotides.
15  activation curve of BK
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
alpha-hSlo (1 time)
CCCP (1 time)
dbcAMP (1 time)
1999 Ruthenium red-mediated inhibition of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels in rat pituitary GH3 cells.
16  constant K
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
DD (1 time)
DLFM (1 time)
1982 Neurotransmitter release and its facilitation in crayfish. III. Amplitude of facilitation and inhibition of entry of calcium into the terminal by magnesium.
17  caffeine-induced
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
ACh (1 time)
IBMX (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
1991 Modulation of noradrenaline-induced membrane currents by papaverine in rabbit vascular smooth muscle cells.
18  compliance
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PVR (4 times)
CTEPH (2 times)
PEA (2 times)
1981 Effects of hypoxia on the closing pressure of the canine systemic arterial circulation.
19  contrast, BK
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
ACh (1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1985 Calcium-induced inactivation of calcium current causes the inter-burst hyperpolarization of Aplysia bursting neurones.
20  contrast, when
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
1-EBIO (1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1995 A dual action of taurine on the delayed rectifier K(+) current in embryonic chick cardiomyocytes.
21  caudal
(9 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CR (5 times)
CS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1989 Mechanism whereby holotrich ciliates are retained in the reticulo-rumen of cattle.
22  currents and K
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BHQ (1 time)
1991 Two outward K+ currents in bovine pigmented ciliary epithelial cells: IK(Ca) and IK(V).
23  Candidatus
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AOA (1 time)
BChl (1 time)
Cab (1 time)
2008 Distribution and quantification of Candidatus Liberibacter americanus, agent of huanglongbing disease of citrus in Sao Paulo State, Brasil, in leaves of an affected sweet orange tree as determined by PCR.
24  central
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BLA (2 times)
EPMA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
1999 Twitch-potentiation increases calcium in peripheral more than in central mitochondria of guinea-pig ventricular myocytes.
25  calcium content
(7 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1975 Difference in calcium content of atrial and ventricular muscle.
26  carried by I
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
HUA (1 time)
2000 Temperature-dependence of L-type Ca(2+) channel current in atrial myocytes from rainbow trout.
27  Cd, and calcium
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
Cd (3 times)
CE (2 times)
FC (1 time)
2000 Response types in Collembola towards copper in the microenvironment.
28  caracul
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
ADWH (1 time)
Cal4 (1 time)
cog (1 time)
1985 Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in the gray tremor mutant mouse.
29  carbenicillin
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AR (1 time)
Ca-r (1 time)
Ce (1 time)
1975 [The effect of antibiotics on Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The effects of serotype and tissue localization on resistance].
30  cause
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DBcAMP (1 time)
FPR1 (1 time)
FPRL-1 (1 time)
1988 Intracellular Ca regulation during secretagogue stimulation of the parietal cell.
31  changing
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CP (1 time)
EPSP (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
1970 The relation between membrane potential, membrane currents and activation of contraction in ventricular myocardial fibres.
32  contain BK
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NO (2 times)
SNAP (2 times)
CH (1 time)
1991 High sensitivity to internal tetraethylammonium in K(Ca) channels of cerebrovascular smooth muscle cells.
33  calculated
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
SuperATW (1 time)
1985 Calcium channel currents in isolated guinea-pig ventricular cells superfused with Ca-free EGTA solution.
34  carbachol-evoked
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Isoflurane reduces the carbachol-evoked Ca2+ influx in neuronal cells.
35  cardiac I
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
mCardBKa (1 time)
2001 Angiotensin II stimulates cardiac L-type Ca(2+) current by a Ca(2+)- and protein kinase C-dependent mechanism.
36  caused an increase in IK
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LMNs (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
1983 Cyclic AMP enhances calcium-dependent potassium current in Aplysia neurons.
37  cellular
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CALs (1 time)
CaMKII (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
1978 Cellular and paracellular calcium transport in rat ileum: effects of dietary calcium.
38  combination of two K
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACh (2 times)
NO (2 times)
CFTR (1 time)
1998 Effect of temperature on electrical resonance in leopard frog saccular hair cells.
39  low-calcium
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
125I-SI Ang II (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
CaMT (1 time)
1989 Low-calcium diet increases blood pressure and alters peripheral but not central angiotensin II binding sites in rats.
40  calcium chloride
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1997 The relationship among dietary undetermined anion, acid-base balance, and nutrient metabolism in swine.
41  calcium current, I
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CPGs (1 time)
2006 Mechanisms of [Ca2+]i transient decrease in cardiomyopathy of db/db type 2 diabetic mice.
42  capacitance
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
C-H (1 time)
CDPC (1 time)
Cm (1 time)
1994 Effect of insulin on area and Na+ channel density of apical membrane of cultured toad kidney cells.
43  cation
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Cai (1 time)
1982 [Search for a new rinsing solution for the local lysis of calcium-containing urinary calculi].
44  caused inhibition of I
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
MbetaCD (1 time)
NK (1 time)
NKA (1 time)
1999 Effects of the calcium sensitizer [+]-EMD 60263 and its enantiomer [-]-EMD 60264 on cardiac ionic currents of guinea pig and rat ventricular myocytes.
45  cerebral arterial compliance
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ABP (2 times)
CBFV (2 times)
TCD (2 times)
2011 Effect of hyper- and hypocapnia on cerebral arterial compliance in normal subjects.
46  changes in plasma
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
1986 Calcium influxes into brain and cerebrospinal fluid are linearly related to plasma ionized calcium concentration.
47  channel activities of BK
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CCCP (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1999 Ruthenium red-mediated inhibition of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels in rat pituitary GH3 cells.
48  characterize K
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
DDR2 (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2000 Reverse mode of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and load-dependent cytosolic calcium decline in voltage-clamped cardiac ventricular myocytes.
49  class of BK
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
IBD (1 time)
2003 The discovery of a new class of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel opener targeted for overactive bladder: synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 2-amino-4-azaindoles.
50  collagen-coated filters
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
BAPTA (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
1988 Effect of vasopressin on intracellular [Ca] and Na transport in cultured toad bladder cells.
51  containing high
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
1985 Calcium release by noradrenaline from central sarcoplasmic reticulum in rabbit main pulmonary artery smooth muscle.
52  high-conductance K
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
NO (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1997 Roles of NO and Ca2+-activated K+ channels in coronary vasodilation induced by 17beta-estradiol in ischemic heart failure.
53  Ca-dependent K current IK
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ALG (1 time)
ICa (1 time)
1985 D600 as a direct blocker of Ca-dependent K currents in Helix neurons.
54  Ca-dependent potassium current, IK
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PTZ (1 time)
1983 Cyclic AMP enhances calcium-dependent potassium current in Aplysia neurons.
55  calcification and calcium
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ALP (2 times)
OC (2 times)
IL-1 beta (1 time)
1985 Bone calcification and calcium homeostasis in rats with non-insulin-dependent diabetes induced by streptozocin.
56  calcio
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPT (1 time)
pHPT (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
2016 [In Process Citation].
57  calcitriol and calcium
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BALP (1 time)
2009 Application of a reservoir-type calcitriol transdermal patch in dairy cattle.
58  Calcium activation of BK
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Oxygen-induced fetal pulmonary vasodilation is mediated by intracellular calcium activation of K(Ca) channels.
59  calcium ionophore
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACh (2 times)
5-HD (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1986 Increases in cellular calcium concentration stimulate pepsinogen secretion from dispersed chief cells.
60  calcium lactate
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
Dpyr (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
1996 [Usefulness of estriol for the treatment of bone loss in postmenopausal women].
61  calcium levels
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HCa (1 time)
MGD (1 time)
NCa (1 time)
1998 Blockade of voltage-operated calcium channels, increase in spontaneous catecholamine release and elevation of intracellular calcium levels in bovine chromaffin cells by the plant alkaloid tetrandrine.
62  calcium-dependent outward current, IK
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TEA (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
DG (1 time)
1989 Studies of solitary semicircular canal hair cells in the adult pigeon. II. Voltage-dependent ionic conductances.
63  camphor
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
Cr (2 times)
CD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1991 A behavioral augmentation of natural immunity: odor specificity supports a Pavlovian conditioning model.
64  can activate BK
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CASMCs (2 times)
DHA (2 times)
CCCP (1 time)
2003 Stimulatory effects of squamocin, an Annonaceous acetogenin, on Ca(2+)-activated K+ current in cultured smooth muscle cells of human coronary artery.
65  can directly activate BK
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
PKA (1 time)
PKG (1 time)
1998 Nitric oxide (NO)-induced activation of large conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ channels (BK(Ca)) in smooth muscle cells isolated from the rat mesenteric artery.
66  capsaicin on I
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TRPV1 (1 time)
2005 Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 activation down-regulates voltage-gated calcium channels through calcium-dependent calcineurin in sensory neurons.
67  CaR and IK
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CaR (1 time)
CFTR (1 time)
Cm (1 time)
1998 Relation of exocytosis and Ca2+-activated K+ current during Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in individual rat chromaffin cells.
68  carpal area
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
ICC (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
2006 Carpals and epiphyses of radius and ulna as age indicators.
69  chamber
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
Rn (1 time)
1992 Effect of topical epinephrine on permeability of blood-aqueous barrier in human eyes.
70  change
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
--- 1978 Internal calcium concentration and potassium permeability in Paramecium.
71  changes in the R
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
2000 Endothelin and prostaglandin H(2)/thromboxane A(2) enhance myogenic constriction in hypertension by increasing Ca(2+) sensitivity of arteriolar smooth muscle.
72  channel underlying IK
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Po (1 time)
VSMC (1 time)
1993 Inhalational anesthetic actions on voltage-gated ion currents of bovine adrenal chromaffin cells.
73  characterize the K
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
1-EBIO (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
1998 Activation of the Ca2+-activated K+ channel via protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation in human prostatic smooth muscle cells.
74  charybdotoxin-insensitive Ik
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CTX (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1991 Charybdotoxin-sensitive K(Ca) channel is not involved in glucose-induced electrical activity in pancreatic beta-cells.
75  Chronic hypoxia decreased BK
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
TSMC (1 time)
2002 [Effect of ipratropium bromide on calcium activated potassium channel in tracheal smooth muscle cells from chronically hypoxic rats].
76  clearance
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CaSR (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
1988 Coupling of albumin flux to volume flow in skin and muscles of anesthetized rats.
77  cloned human K
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
EETs (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
omega3 (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of an iberiotoxin derivative by chemical ligation: a method for improved yields of cysteine-rich scorpion toxin peptides.
78  CO activates BK
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1997 Effects of pimobendan and its active metabolite, UD-CG 212 Cl, on Ca2+-activated K+ channels in vascular smooth-muscle cells.
79  compared with K
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMMCs (1 time)
2005 BKCa channels activating at resting potential without calcium in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.
80  confirmed that BK
(3 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
CNG (1 time)
2008 Molecular studies of BKCa channels in intracranial arteries: presence and localization.
81  contrast, activation of BK
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PKA (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
2004 Distinct stoichiometry of BKCa channel tetramer phosphorylation specifies channel activation and inhibition by cAMP-dependent protein kinase.
82  correlated with both
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SRT (3 times)
SR (2 times)
E-C (1 time)
2000 Potentiation of fractional sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release by total and free intra-sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium concentration.
83  currents, ICa and IK
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EPP (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1997 Effects of Ca2+ channel blocker neurotoxins on transmitter release and presynaptic currents at the mouse neuromuscular junction.
84  high-calcium
(3 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
bCT (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
CCH (1 time)
1996 Long-term dialysis with low-calcium solution (1.0 mmol/L) in CAPD: effects on bone mineral metabolism. Collaborators of the Multicenter Study Group.
85  affect Cl(-)
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
SMC (1 time)
SNAP (1 time)
1999 Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels in mouse and rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells: regulation by intracellular Ca(2+) and NO.
86  C in a
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1977 The effect of calcium ions and temperature on the binomial parameters that control acetylcholine release by a nerve impulse at amphibian neuromuscular synapses.
87  c, while end-diastolic
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1990 Continuous fluorimetric assessment of the changes in cytoplasmic calcium concentration during exposure of rat isolated myocardium to conditions of simulated ischaemia.
88  C-terminal tail of human BK
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
2009 Cysteine residues in the C-terminal tail of the human BK(Ca)alpha subunit are important for channel sensitivity to carbon monoxide.
89  C. arabica
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CaCc (1 time)
CC (1 time)
Ce (1 time)
2007 Use of fluorescence in situ hybridization as a tool for introgression analysis and chromosome identification in coffee (Coffea arabica L.).
90  Ca antigen
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Ca1 (1 time)
1984 Expression of Ca antigen in relation to cell cycle in cultured human tumor cells.
91  Ca when
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 1976 Steady-state calcium fluxes: membrane versus mitochondrial control of ionized calcium in axoplasm.
92  cADPR, and BK
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
cADPR (1 time)
RyRs (1 time)
2003 Vasodilation by the calcium-mobilizing messenger cyclic ADP-ribose.
93  caffeine-evoked
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
PKC (1 time)
1994 Action of niflumic acid on evoked and spontaneous calcium-activated chloride and potassium currents in smooth muscle cells from rabbit portal vein.
94  calcified
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CASCADE (1 time)
FE (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2007 Magnetic resonance imaging of carotid atherosclerosis: plaque analysis.
95  calcium activity
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Dopamine reduces slow outward current and calcium influx in burst-firing neuron R15 of Aplysia.
96  calcium alone
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CA/TA (1 time)
Sr (1 time)
1997 Complementary medical treatment for Colles' fracture: a comparative, randomized, longitudinal study.
97  calcium dependent IK
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1989 Electrophysiological properties and morphology of hair cells isolated from the semicircular canal of the frog.
98  calcium glucoheptonate
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
EDP (2 times)
FSH (1 time)
1998 Immunoreactive TSH cells in the pituitary of female middle-aged rats after treatment with estradiol or calcium.
99  calcium gluconate
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HP (1 time)
OTM (1 time)
PGE2 (1 time)
2003 The effect of prostaglandin E2 and calcium gluconate on orthodontic tooth movement and root resorption in rats.
100  calcium hydroxide
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of three pulpotomy medicaments in primary teeth.