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Abbreviation: Cd
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Long forms: 119

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cadmium
(6788 times)
Environmental Health
(3182 times)
Zn (1306 times)
Cr (620 times)
Ni (531 times)
1975 Application of blood cadmium determination to industry using a punched disc technique.
caudate nucleus
(65 times)
Brain
(27 times)
SN (10 times)
GP (8 times)
SNr (7 times)
1976 Excitatory nature of dopamine in the nigro-caudate pathway.
chloride
(40 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
EZ (5 times)
HQ (5 times)
TB (5 times)
1981 Effect of cadmium on Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice. 1. Acute and single-dose exposure experiment.
caudate
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
SN (3 times)
DA (2 times)
TS (2 times)
1977 Dual excitatory inputs to caudate spiny neurons from substantia nigra stimulation.
C-terminal domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ND (3 times)
GCTs (1 time)
GUS (1 time)
1996 Novel proteins that interact with the COOH-terminal cytosolic routing determinants of an integral membrane peptide-processing enzyme.
caudal
(8 times)
Histology
(2 times)
Cp (5 times)
Cr (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1994 Maturation antigens present in epididymis of cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis).
Crooked tail
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
NTDs (3 times)
FA (2 times)
DKK1 (1 time)
1999 Crooked tail (Cd) models human folate-responsive neural tube defects.
dynamic compliance
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
PIP (3 times)
PEEP (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1988 [Studies on anastomoses of rat abdominal aorta using the carbon dioxide laser--histological changes and elastic properties of the anastomotic sites].
cadmium group
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CAT (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2014 Antimutagenic and antigenotoxic potential of grape juice concentrate in blood and liver of rats exposed to cadmium.
10  cadmium ions
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Al (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
Co (1 time)
1996 Effects of metal ions on lipid peroxidation in cultured rat hepatocytes loaded with alpha-linolenic acid.
11  Ciudad
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
IDUs (3 times)
FSWs (2 times)
RDS (1 time)
2006 Comparison of sexual and drug use behaviors between female sex workers in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.
12  differential capacitance
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
IL (2 times)
CV (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
2008 Impedance biosensor for peanut protein Ara h 1.
13  discharge coefficient
(5 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
Cc (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1987 When should Doppler-determined valve area be better than the Gorlin formula?: Variation in hydraulic constants in low flow states.
14  Corynebacterium diphtheriae
(4 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
COD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1995 Genomic organization of the mycobacterial sigma gene cluster.
15  diameter compliance
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DC (2 times)
Da (1 time)
ePTFE (1 time)
1982 Effect of suture technique on arterial anastomotic compliance.
16  (PC)-cadmium
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Zn (2 times)
NCSL (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2006 Synthesis and interface structures of zinc sulfide sheathed zinc-cadmium nanowire heterojunctions.
17  coefficient of drag
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Mb (1 time)
STA (1 time)
TA (1 time)
1994 Locomotion in Developing Artemia Larvae: Mechanical Analysis of Antennal Propulsors Based on Large-Scale Physical Models.
18  cadmium levels
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GM (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
MTLPs (1 time)
2006 Correlation among cadmium levels in river sediment, in rice, in daily foods and in urine of residents in 11 prefectures in Japan.
19  cadmium salts
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CNP (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
MT (1 time)
1985 The interaction of zinc and cadmium in the synthesis of hepatic metallothionein in rats.
20  cadmium sulfate
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CAFF (1 time)
GD (1 time)
HZ (1 time)
2000 Caffeine decreases the occurrence of cadmium-induced forelimb ectrodactyly in C57BL/6J mice.
21  Calcium dobesilate
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2004 Calcium dobesilate (Cd) in pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD): a pilot evaluation.
22  caldesmon
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
Cp (2 times)
En (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
2006 Calponin and caldesmon cellular domains in reacting microvessels following traumatic brain injury.
23  carotid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Ao (1 time)
CR (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
1975 Differential inhibitory effect of neomycin on contractile responses of various canine arteries.
24  Cell death resulting from cadmium
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
1997 Apoptosis induced by cadmium.
25  centromeric dots
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
Cd-NOR (1 time)
1995 [Study on chromosomal centromeric dots in couples with spontaneous abortion].
26  chondroitin sulfate
(2 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
BAPC (1 time)
DOTAP (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1989 Studies on sustained-release suppositories. II. Evaluation of polymer electrolyte containing acidic groups for prolonged rectal absorption of bacampicillin in rabbits.
27  Cohens d
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2011 Integrative psychotherapeutic nursing home program to reduce multiple psychiatric symptoms of cognitively impaired patients and caregiver burden: randomized controlled trial.
28  complete deafferentation
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
MBH (2 times)
Rd (1 time)
rGRF (1 time)
1986 Effect of hypothalamic deafferentation on hypophysial and other endocrine gland blood flows.
29  Corchorus depressus
(2 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
BChE (1 time)
2017 Antioxidant, Acetylcholinesterase, Butyrylcholinesterase, and alpha-glucosidase Inhibitory Activities of Corchorus depressus.
30  Crohn's disease
(2 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(1 time)
Ps (1 time)
Ra (1 time)
UC (1 time)
1985 Introductory remarks on Crohn's disease. Observations from the OMGE studies.
31  degrees C
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometric determination of cadmium and lead with stabilized phosphate deposited on permanently modified platforms.
32  metals-cadmium
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cr (2 times)
Ni (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2004 Distribution and behavior of trace metals in the sediment and porewater of a tropical coastal wetland.
33  beta-cell damage in cadmium
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2006 Effect of black cumin (Nigella sativa) on heart rate, some hematological values, and pancreatic beta-cell damage in cadmium-treated rats.
34  C-22375-22375 del
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CAV1 (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2006 Genetic analysis of CAV1 gene in hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
35  C.decemmaculatus
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
2017 Environmental relevant concentrations of a chlorpyrifos commercial formulation affect two neotropical fish species, Cheirodon interruptus and Cnesterodon decemmaculatus.
36  cadherin-like
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
GH5 (1 time)
2012 S-layer homology domain proteins Csac_0678 and Csac_2722 are implicated in plant polysaccharide deconstruction by the extremely thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus.
37  cadmilm-induced
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAH (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
1976 Effects of cadmium on carbonic anhydrase activity and hemoglobin content of rat testes.
38  cadmium acetate
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Flow cytometry Coulter volume analysis of lead- and cadmium-induced cellular alterations in bone marrow obtained from young adult and aged Balb/c mice.
39  Cadmium exposed group
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Mimosa (Mimosa caesalpiniifolia) prevents oxidative DNA damage induced by cadmium exposure in Wistar rats.
40  cadmium stress
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ni (1 time)
pphm (1 time)
1994 Long-term cadmium exposure accelerates oxidant injury: significance of bound/free water states during long-term metal stress.
41  cadmium, K
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BLM (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
2007 pH modulates transport rates of manganese and cadmium in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii through non-competitive interactions: implications for an algal BLM.
42  cadmium-polluted area
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NAG (1 time)
1986 Significance of elevated urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity in chronic cadmium poisoning.
43  calculation of diameter compliance
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
2002 Arterial stenting and overdilation: does it change wall mechanics in small-caliber arteries?
44  Camelus dromedarius
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
Cb (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
PAGs (1 time)
2013 Expression of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein family in the epitheliochorial placenta of two Camelidae species (C. dromedarius and C. bactrianus).
45  Campomelic dysplasia
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
TDF (1 time)
1991 No evidence of mutations in four candidate genes for male sex determination/differentiation in sex-reversed XY females with campomelic dysplasia.
46  can develop tolerance to cadmium
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2016 MicroRNAs are involved in cadmium tolerance in Daphnia pulex.
47  candicidin
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PABA (1 time)
1990 Phosphate control of pabS gene transcription during candicidin biosynthesis.
48  Candida
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MH (1 time)
UU (1 time)
1999 [Study on etiology of nongonococcal urethritis].
49  candidate for metal
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MOPS (1 time)
2014 Swimming, swarming, twitching, and chemotactic responses of Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 and Pseudomonas putida mt2 in the presence of cadmium.
50  cardiac-to-oxyntic transition
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Ox (1 time)
pIgR (1 time)
PY (1 time)
2013 Age-related expression of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) in the gastric mucosa of young pigs.
51  carfilzomib and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
DLT (1 time)
RRMM (1 time)
2018 Weekly carfilzomib and dexamethasone in Japanese patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma: A phase 1 and PK/PD trial.
52  cauda epididymidis
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
cpt-cAMP (1 time)
NHE3 (1 time)
2017 Relative contribution of clear cells and principal cells to luminal pH in the mouse epididymis.
53  Causal density
(1 time)
Behavior
(1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
NMF (1 time)
WM (1 time)
2015 Functional connectivity changes during a working memory task in rat via NMF analysis.
54  Cd chemical potential mu
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2009 First-principles studies of the atomic reconstructions of CdSe (001) and (111) surfaces.
55  Cd treatment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Relationship between biomass, seed components and seed Cd concentration in various peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars grown on Cd-contaminated soils.
56  Cd-dosed group
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CdIr (1 time)
hpf (1 time)
Ir (1 time)
2013 The multiple stressor effect in zebrafish embryos from simultaneous exposure to ionising radiation and cadmium.
57  Cd-treated group
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAPE (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
2006 Caffeic acid phenethyl ester prevents cadmium-induced cardiac impairment in rat.
58  CDGT
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DGT (1 time)
DIFS (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2018 Transfer Mechanism, Uptake Kinetic Process, and Bioavailability of P, Cu, Cd, Pb, and Zn in Macrophyte Rhizosphere Using Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films.
59  CdIF-1
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ZIF (1 time)
2018 Tailoring the gas separation efficiency of metal organic framework ZIF-8 through metal substitution: a computational study.
60  Cdmium
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCoAOMT (1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
MPK3 (1 time)
2015 Comparative Physiological and Proteomic Analysis Reveals the Leaf Response to Cadmium-Induced Stress in Poplar (Populus yunnanensis).
61  cell death induced by cadmium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
2007 Cadmium induces Ca2+-dependent necrotic cell death through calpain-triggered mitochondrial depolarization and reactive oxygen species-mediated inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaB activity.
62  cereal-based pellets
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FEC (1 time)
Sd (1 time)
2018 Are sainfoin or protein supplements alternatives to control small strongyle infection in horses?
63  chemical detection of cadmium
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2012 Combination of beehive matrices analysis and ant biodiversity to study heavy metal pollution impact in a post-mining area (Sardinia, Italy).
64  chitin degradation
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Aerobic and anaerobic degradation and mineralization of 14C-chitin by water column and sediment inocula of the York River estuary, Virginia.
65  Chlamydomonas
(1 time)
--- 2016 Taxonomic revision of Chlamydomonas subg. Amphichloris (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae), with resurrection of the genus Dangeardinia and descriptions of Ixipapillifera gen. nov. and Rhysamphichloris gen. nov.
66  Chlamydophila
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
cELISA (1 time)
OEA (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2004 Seroprevalences for ovine enzootic abortion in Switzerland.
67  chloride group
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
2004 [Effects of astragalus membranaceus injection on sperm abnormality in Cd-induced rats].
68  chloride immunosuppressed group
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Dietary fucoidan enhance the non-specific immune response and disease resistance in African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, immunosuppressed by cadmium chloride.
69  chlorine dependent, especially cadmium
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2013 Influence of chlorine, sulfur and phosphorus on the volatilization behavior of heavy metals during sewage sludge thermal treatment.
70  chls showed decrease
(1 time)
dwt (1 time)
MeJA (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 COMPARISON OF METHYL JASMONATE AND CADMIUM EFFECT ON SELECTED PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN SCENEDESMUS QUADRICAUDA (CHLOROPHYTA, CHLOROPHYCEAE)(1).
71  Chronic dietary cadmium
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Cadmium bioavailability from vegetable and animal-based foods assessed with in vitro digestion/caco-2 cell model.
72  chronic dietary exposure to cadmium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Dose-response relationship between total cadmium intake and prevalence of renal dysfunction using general linear models.
73  chronic low-dose cadmium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Metabonomics analysis of kidneys in rats administered with chronic low-dose cadmium by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
74  cidofovir
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
Cx (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2013 The combination of the antiviral agent cidofovir and anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab exerts an antiproliferative effect on HPV-positive cervical cancer cell lines' in-vitro and in-vivo xenografts.
75  circuit model
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2016 Evaluating Major Electrode Types for Idle Biological Signal Measurements for Modern Medical Technology.
76  clear diurnal variation of cadmium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
MT (1 time)
ZT (1 time)
2013 Mechanisms of cadmium-induced chronotoxicity in mice.
77  Cluster of differentiation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANGPTL4 (1 time)
2017 Kidney triglyceride accumulation in the fasted mouse is dependent upon serum free fatty acids.
78  coastal-inland differences in cadmium
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Cd-B (1 time)
Cd-U (1 time)
Cd-Ucr (1 time)
2014 Higher cadmium burden in coastal areas than in inland areas in Korea: implications for seafood intake.
79  Codon Usage
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Tn (1 time)
TRS (1 time)
2013 Exploration of noncoding sequences in metagenomes.
80  combined samples ranged from 0.17-0.40
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2012 Seasonal variability in cadmium, lead, copper, zinc and iron concentrations in the three major fish species, Oreochromis niloticus, Lates niloticus and Rastrineobola argentea in Winam Gulf, Lake Victoria: impact of wash-off into the lake.
81  combined treatment with BPA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
2014 Combined effects of bisphenol A and cadmium on growth and nitrate assimilation of soybean seedling roots.
82  Combretum duarteanum
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EtOHE (1 time)
HexP (1 time)
2017 Anti-inflammatory intestinal activity of Combretum duarteanum Cambess. in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid colitis model.
83  completely prevented (DeltaCl(-))
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
NFA (1 time)
NPPB (1 time)
2000 Chloride secretion in kidney distal epithelial cells (A6) evoked by cadmium.
84  Complexion/diffusion
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
Csp (1 time)
2007 Skin radiance: how to quantify? Validation of an optical method.
85  computed differential capacitance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Bulk and interfacial structures of reline deep eutectic solvent: A molecular dynamics study.
86  concentration of dominance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2017 Vegetation ecology and carbon sequestration potential of shrubs in tropics of Chhattisgarh, India.
87  concentrations during cadmium
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2017 Quantitation of glutathione S-transferases in rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots exposed to cadmium by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using isotope-labeled wing peptides as an internal standard.
88  concentrations slightly decreased
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Simultaneous simulations of uptake in plants and leaching to groundwater of cadmium and lead for arable land amended with compost or farmyard manure.
89  conduct disturbance
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
VTSABD (1 time)
2003 Maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk to boys' conduct disturbance: an examination of the causal hypothesis.
90  conductance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EWL (1 time)
LE (1 time)
MA (1 time)
1991 Comparison of rats of the Fischer 344 and Long-Evans strains in their autonomic thermoregulatory response to trimethyltin administration.
91  Condylar head
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Da (1 time)
Dp (1 time)
TMJ (1 time)
2010 Temporomandibular joint and 3.0 T pseudodynamic magnetic resonance imaging. Part 1: evaluation of condylar and disc dysfunction.
92  condylar process
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
Go (1 time)
2002 Effects of dietary consistency on the mandible of rats at the growth stage: computed X-ray densitometric and cephalometric analysis.
93  condyle
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CP (1 time)
Go (1 time)
2011 Reproducibility of landmark identification in the jaw and teeth on 3-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography images.
94  condylion
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of intersegmental displacement according to osteosynthesis method for mandibular setback sagittal split ramus osteotomy using cone-beam computed tomographic superimposition.
95  congenital disorders
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Host--protozoans--bacteria--fungi interrelations in the mouths of patients with systemic illnesses.
96  considered quantitatively by the KF
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2015 Domain Selection in Metallothionein 1A: Affinity-Controlled Mechanisms of Zinc Binding and Cadmium Exchange.
97  Consistency in drag coefficient
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AAE (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2007 Variability in measurement of swimming forces: a meta-analysis of passive and active drag.
98  contamination degree values
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TN (1 time)
2007 Assessment of the effectiveness of environmental dredging in South Lake, China.
99  contamination index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DDT (1 time)
DIN (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
2011 [Environmental quality assessment of water body and surface sediment in the sea area of Jiaozhou Bay wetland].
100  content--cadmium
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
2013 Effect of thermal processing and canning on cadmium and lead levels in California market squid: the role of metallothioneins.