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Abbreviation: Cr
Appearance Frequency: 5721 time(s)
Long forms: 259

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
creatinine
(3427 times)
Neurology
(405 times)
NAA (753 times)
Cho (669 times)
BUN (506 times)
1971 Renal effects of calcitonin and parathyroid extract in man. Studies in hypoparathyroidism.
chromium
(1644 times)
Environmental Health
(861 times)
Cd (589 times)
Ni (489 times)
Zn (474 times)
1975 [Critical organs and turnover characteristics of cadmium(Cd), zinc(Zn), selenium (Se), mercury (Hg), and chromium(Cr) in vivo].
creatine and phosphocreatine
(162 times)
Neurology
(70 times)
NAA (127 times)
Cho (119 times)
MRS (39 times)
1990 Proton MR spectroscopy of the brain in infants.
cost of running
(35 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
RER (4 times)
HR (3 times)
CON (2 times)
1992 Physiological correlates of middle-distance running performance. A comparative study between men and women.
concentration
(30 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
CIN (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
1984 A noninvasive approach to quantitative functional brain mapping with H2 (15)O and positron emission tomography.
Campylobacter rectus
(26 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
Pi (24 times)
Aa (21 times)
Pg (21 times)
1995 Evaluation of periodontal treatments using controlled-release tetracycline fibers: microbiological response.
creatine monohydrate
(23 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CSA (3 times)
PL (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1997 Effects of creatine supplementation on repetitive sprint performance and body composition in competitive swimmers.
chrome
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
Zn (11 times)
Cd (10 times)
Co (9 times)
1992 Proton-induced X-ray emission analysis of atherosclerotic plaques of the carotid bifurcation.
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
aa (3 times)
PSI (3 times)
Vc (3 times)
1995 Volvox carteri alpha 2- and beta 2-tubulin-encoding genes: regulatory signals and transcription.
10  creatinine level
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
eGFR (3 times)
CrCl (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
1977 Uremia with low serum creatinine-an entity produced by marked creatinine secretion.
11  clearance
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Ct (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1979 Cefamandole pharmacokinetics and dosage adjustments in relation to renal function.
12  concentrations
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CKD (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
1992 Potentiation of ADP-induced aggregation in human platelet-rich plasma by 5-hydroxytryptamine and adrenaline.
13  crystal
(7 times)
Physics
(1 time)
SmA (2 times)
BL (1 time)
Colh (1 time)
1993 Liquid crystal skin thermometry: an accurate reflection of core temperature?
14  correlation between D/P
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GFR (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of measured and calculated creatinine clearances as glomerular filtration markers in different stages of liver cirrhosis.
15  chromate
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BUN (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1998 Vitamin E and C in the prevention of metal nephrotoxicity in developing rats.
16  creatine-containing compounds
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
Cho (4 times)
NAA (4 times)
DLPFC (2 times)
2008 Assessment of mitochondrial impairment in traumatic brain injury using high-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
17  crystalline
(4 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
ALC-muSR (2 times)
Mu (2 times)
DLC (1 time)
1985 Purification of insulin-binding antibody by affinity chromatography using monocomponent insulin as ligand.
18  concentrations of COD
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EFDC (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
MLSS (1 time)
2005 Chemical and biological flocculation process to treat municipal sewage and analysis of biological function.
19  convective respiratory heat loss
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
He (1 time)
RL (1 time)
Te (1 time)
1990 Respiratory effects of cold-gas breathing in humans under hyperbaric environment.
20  creatine-containing metabolites
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
NAA (3 times)
Cho (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1995 H-1 MR spectroscopic imaging of white matter signal hyperintensities: Alzheimer disease and ischemic vascular dementia.
21  creatine-phosphocreatine complex
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
Cho (3 times)
NAA (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2003 [Hemodynamic and metabolic characterization of orthotopic rat prostate carcinomas using dynamic MRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy].
22  creep
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
VH (2 times)
GICs (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2008 Effect of ozone gas application on the mechanical properties of dental adhesives bonded to dentin.
23  Cryptococcus
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1989 [Occurrence of the yeast, Cryptococcus (Cr) neoformans, in pigeon droppings].
24  albumin-creatinine
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2012 Urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase levels are positively correlated with 2-hr plasma glucose levels during oral glucose tolerance testing in prediabetes.
25  C, (PCr)
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CK (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1986 Creatine kinase-catalyzed ATP-phosphocreatine exchange: comparison of 31P-NMR saturation transfer technique and radioisotope tracer methods.
26  C. remanei
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
Cb (2 times)
Ce (1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
2001 Conservation of glp-1 regulation and function in nematodes.
27  Carbamoylmethylphosphine Oxide-Functionalized MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CMPO (1 time)
2017 Carbamoylmethylphosphine Oxide-Functionalized MIL-101(Cr) as Highly Selective Uranium Adsorbent.
28  catalysts, Ru-PTA/MIL-100
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Conversion of cellulose and cellobiose into sorbitol catalyzed by ruthenium supported on a polyoxometalate/metal-organic framework hybrid.
29  chloride
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
Cr-sIns (1 time)
sIns (1 time)
1979 Chromium-induced hyperglycemia in the rat.
30  chromium hydroxide/MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2018 A Chromium Hydroxide/MIL-101(Cr) MOF Composite Catalyst and Its Use for the Selective Isomerization of Glucose to Fructose.
31  chromium ions
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
Zn (2 times)
ICA (1 time)
IEDTA (1 time)
2003 In vitro release of metal ions from a gold-platinum alloy in saliva-simulated conditions.
32  chromium nicotinate
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GSE (1 time)
oxLDL (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2000 Effects of niacin-bound chromium and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract on the lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic subjects: a pilot study.
33  Chromium supplementations
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CrP (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
2008 Chromium supplementation improves glucose tolerance in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats.
34  chromiun
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Mn (2 times)
Ni (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2016 The Effects of Chronic Lifelong Activation of the AHR Pathway by Industrial Chemical Pollutants on Female Human Reproduction.
35  CL(R)/CL
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPA (1 time)
2009 Impact of calcineurin inhibitors on urinary excretion of mycophenolic acid and its glucuronide in kidney transplant recipients.
36  clearance (CL(m)) and CL
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
2009 Prospectively validated dosing nomograms for maximizing the pharmacodynamics of vancomycin administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients.
37  Clonostachys rosea
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
Fv (1 time)
2008 Brazilian isolates of Clonostachys rosea: colonization under different temperature and moisture conditions and temporal dynamics on strawberry leaves.
38  compared with MIL-101
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
DMSPE (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
39  compared with the original MIL-101
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2015 Adsorption of Uranyl ions on Amine-functionalization of MIL-101(Cr) Nanoparticles by a Facile Coordination-based Post-synthetic strategy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Studies.
40  contrast, at high (PCr)
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CK (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1986 Creatine kinase-catalyzed ATP-phosphocreatine exchange: comparison of 31P-NMR saturation transfer technique and radioisotope tracer methods.
41  copper-doped MIL-101
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2018 Study on the copper(II)-doped MIL-101(Cr) and its performance in VOCs adsorption.
42  core
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 One-step synthesis of core(Cr)/shell(gamma-Fe(2)O(3)) nanoparticles.
43  Cr-based metal-organic framework MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DPV (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
PtNPs (1 time)
2018 Comparisons of glyphosate adsorption properties of different functional Cr-based metal-organic frameworks.
44  creatine alone
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
COX (1 time)
CrEX (1 time)
2005 Effects of acute creatine loading with or without carbohydrate on repeated bouts of maximal swimming in high-performance swimmers.
45  creatine including phosphocreatine
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Cho (2 times)
NAA (2 times)
CBCs (1 time)
1996 [Proton MR spectroscopy findings in herpes simplex encephalitis].
46  crenated cells
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Ac (2 times)
Sk (2 times)
Tr (2 times)
2013 The protective role of quince leaf extract against the adverse impacts of ultraviolet--a radiation on some tissues of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822).
47  crocin pretreatment
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
N/S (1 time)
ZnSO4 (1 time)
2017 The Hepatoprotective and MicroRNAs Downregulatory Effects of Crocin Following Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
48  Crowe
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
Co (2 times)
DDH (2 times)
Ha (2 times)
2014 Comparison of the inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of the Crowe, Hartofilakidis and modified Cochin classification systems for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip.
49  crystalline MIL-101
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
MOF (2 times)
AMPS (1 time)
BMA (1 time)
2013 Metal organic framework-organic polymer monolith stationary phases for capillary electrochromatography and nano-liquid chromatography.
50  crystals of MIL-101
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Adsorption of 1,2-dichlorobenzene and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene in nano- and microsized crystals of MIL-101(Cr): static and dynamic gravimetric studies.
51  (Au)-chromium
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AAO (1 time)
OOR (1 time)
2018 Electrically gated nanoporous membranes for smart molecular flow control.
52  (phospho)-creatine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2003 Combined MR measurements of magnetization transfer, tissue diffusion and proton spectroscopy. A feasibility study with neurological cases.
53  (SmA)-crystal
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SmA (1 time)
2013 Distortion-sensitive insight into the pretransitional behavior of 4-n-octyloxy-4'-cyanobiphenyl (8OCB).
54  8-Ala-Cr and Boc-Glu
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAMs (1 time)
2000 Cation recognition by self-assembled monolayers of oriented helical peptides having a crown ether unit.
55  AKI-creatinine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
AKR (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2018 Frequency and Prognostic Significance of Acute Kidney Recovery in Patients Who Underwent Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.
56  aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Speciation analysis of Tl(I) and Tl(III) after magnetic solid phase extraction using a magnetite nanoparticle composite modified with aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101(Cr).
57  aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 magnetite nanoparticles and MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Speciation analysis of Tl(I) and Tl(III) after magnetic solid phase extraction using a magnetite nanoparticle composite modified with aminodibenzo-18-crown-6 functionalized MIL-101(Cr).
58  C ,the removal of COD
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Isolation of PVA-degrading symbiotic bacteria and examination of degradation characters].
59  C and (PCr)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VFST (1 time)
1990 Combination of 31P-NMR magnetization transfer and radioisotope exchange methods for assessment of an enzyme reaction mechanism: rate-determining steps of the creatine kinase reaction.
60  C. rosea
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DON (1 time)
Fg (1 time)
NRP (1 time)
2018 Profiling of the Transcriptomic Responses of Clonostachys rosea Upon Treatment With Fusarium graminearum Secretome.
61  C. sinensis, SCr and C
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CAN (1 time)
RBP (1 time)
2011 Effect of Cordyceps sinensis on renal function of patients with chronic allograft nephropathy.
62  calculated using the equation GFR=k*L
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2004 Comparison of two formulae for estimation of glomerular filtration rate in children.
63  can be presumed that MIL-101
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
64  capacity than virgin MIL-101
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2013 Adsorptive removal of dibenzothiophene from model fuels over one-pot synthesized PTA@MIL-101(Cr) hybrid material.
65  captivity rates
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Mr (1 time)
WRC (1 time)
2013 Final disposition and quality auditing of the rehabilitation process in wild raptors admitted to a Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre in Catalonia, Spain, during a twelve year period (1995-2007).
66  carbamide
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
2007 [Influence of PGLA degradable products on main physiologic function].
67  carbamylcholine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Ch (1 time)
1984 [Relation of the cyclic nucleotide system with the functional state of the cholinoreceptors].
68  carbochelate
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Sc (1 time)
2014 Acute aerocystitis in Nile tilapia bred in net cages and supplemented with chromium carbochelate and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
69  carbon a-C∶H
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Cr-DLC (1 time)
UBMS (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2016 [Raman Spectra Study on the Structure and Thermal Stability of Vacuum Annealed Cr-DLC Films Prepared with UBMS].
70  carbon and NH2-MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RhB (1 time)
TA (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2018 Synthesis of hierarchical-pore metal-organic framework on liter scale for large organic pollutants capture in wastewater.
71  carbon dioxide by MIL-101
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2013 Adsorption of carbon dioxide by MIL-101(Cr): regeneration conditions and influence of flue gas contaminants.
72  carbon pools
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
Csoc (1 time)
2013 [Study on soil organic carbon pools and turnover characteristics along an elevation gradient in Qilian Mountain].
73  carbon-paste electrode modified with MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2018 Ascorbic Acid Determination Based on Electrocatalytic Behavior of Metal-Organic Framework MIL-101-(Cr) at Modified Carbon-Paste Electrode.
74  carboxylate MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
OSN (1 time)
SY (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous use of MOFs MIL-101(Cr) and ZIF-11 in thin film nanocomposite membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration.
75  cardamomum
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Synergistic interactions of polyphenols and their effect on antiradical potential.
76  carpal
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AOI (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
1999 Osteoinductive response in the dorsal aspect of the carpus of young thoroughbreds in training occurs within months.
77  cases and their S
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
2001 Simultaneous aortic replacement and renal artery revascularization: the influence of preoperative renal function on early risk and late outcome.
78  catalyst incorporated in a MIL-101
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2018 Light-driven hydrogen evolution catalyzed by a cobaloxime catalyst incorporated in a MIL-101(Cr) metal-organic framework.
79  catalytically self-propelled InGaAs/GaAs
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Self-propelled nanotools.
80  categories of C
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
sUrea (1 time)
2003 Urea percentiles in children with chronic renal failure. Data from the ItalKid project.
81  Caulerpa racemosa
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Bo (1 time)
Gc (1 time)
Sf (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of macroalgae sulfated polysaccharides on the Leishmania (L.) amazonensis promastigote.
82  Ccw and respiratory compliance
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
Ccw (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2015 [Effect of transpulmonary pressure-directed mechanical ventilation on respiration in severe acute pancreatitis patient with intraabdominal hypertension].
83  ceftriaxone
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SXT (1 time)
2001 Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Gloucester and Salmonella typhimurium in Bangladesh.
84  cell energetic function
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2009 Magnetic resonance spectroscopy and diffusion tensor imaging in coma survivors: promises and pitfalls.
85  cells for degrading the COD
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Utilization of brewery wastewater for culturing yeast cells for use in river water remediation.
86  cellular role of creatine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CreaT (1 time)
CrP (1 time)
2001 Creatine and the creatine transporter: a review.
87  centers bind Mg--ADP; the K
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ATSC (1 time)
1989 [Octameric mitochondrial and dimeric cytoplasmic creatine kinase. The number of subunits, participating in catalysis].
88  characterization demonstrated that MIL-101
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2018 Study on the copper(II)-doped MIL-101(Cr) and its performance in VOCs adsorption.
89  characterization of metal-organic framework MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
HS-SPME (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2015 Preparation and characterization of metal-organic framework MIL-101(Cr)-coated solid-phase microextraction fiber.
90  characterization of MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2018 Synthesis and characterization of MIL-101(Cr) intercalated by polyaniline composite, doped with silica nanoparticles and its evaluation as an efficient solid-phase extraction sorbent.
91  characterization of MOHCs containing nanoMIL-101
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
MOF (1 time)
MOHCs (1 time)
2016 Increased Thermal Conductivity in Metal-Organic Heat Carrier Nanofluids.
92  charge-balanced framework of MIL-101
(1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
2017 Preparation of Cationic MOFs with Mobile Anions by Anion Stripping to Remove 2,4-D from Water.
93  chemistry, respiratory compliance
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
PFB (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
2001 Effects of perfluorochemical distribution and elimination dynamics on cardiopulmonary function.
94  Chloromonas
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
1998 Presence of the CO2-concentrating mechanism in some species of the pyrenoid-less free-living algal genus Chloromonas (Volvocales, Chlorophyta).
95  chlorotoluene on MIL-101
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EB (1 time)
2011 Metal-organic framework MIL-101(Cr) for high-performance liquid chromatographic separation of substituted aromatics.
96  Cho and heterogeneous Gd-DTPA enhancement
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Cho (1 time)
Lact (1 time)
1994 Correlation between choline level and Gd-DTPA enhancement in patients with brain metastases of mammary carcinoma.
97  choline relative to creatine
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
mI (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
OCD (1 time)
2011 Brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy in obsessive-compulsive disorder: the importance of considering subclinical symptoms of anxiety and depression.
98  chromatin-chromium
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GTP (1 time)
NHP (1 time)
1986 Enhancement of in vitro ribonucleic acid synthesis on chromium(III)-bound chromatin.
99  chromic oxide
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 The use of inert markers in the measurement of the digestibility of cubed concentrates and of hay given in several proportions to the pony, horse and white rhinoceros (Diceros simus).
100  chromium fluxes, J
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2006 Magnitude and directional measures of water and Cr(VI) fluxes by passive flux meter.