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Abbreviation: Cu
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Long forms: 212

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cuneate nucleus
(15 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
SRD (4 times)
CN (2 times)
DCLs (2 times)
1983 Projections of nucleus caudalis and spinal cord to brainstem and diencephalon in the hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus and Paraechinus aethiopicus): a degeneration study.
using copper
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ACE (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1988 Serum copper concentration as an index of cardiopulmonary injury in monocrotaline-treated rats.
caused by copper
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
2DM (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1986 The effect of copper ion on glutathione and hemolysis in rabbit erythrocytes.
unbound concentration
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
PK (3 times)
AGP (2 times)
fu (2 times)
1988 Sex-related differences in disposition and response to phenprocoumon in rats.
under copper
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
GA (2 times)
RWC (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1996 Expression of the petE gene encoding plastocyanin in the photosynthetic prokaryote, Prochlorothrix hollandica.
cellular copper
(8 times)
Science
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2005 [The role of copper in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease].
cupper
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
Zn (5 times)
Cr (3 times)
Co (2 times)
2008 Erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in the erythrocyte membrane of stainless-steel welders exposed to welding fumes and gases.
urinary copper
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2001 Effects of D-penicillamine on urinary copper excretion in high-copper supplemented sheep.
cuprum
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Zn (5 times)
Mn (4 times)
Cd (3 times)
2001 Evaluation of serum copper (Cu) level dynamics in measles patients.
10  cuneate
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DCN (2 times)
ECu (2 times)
Gr (2 times)
1989 Mapping the effects of motor cortex stimulation on single neurons in the dorsal column nuclei in the rat: direct responses and afferent modulation.
11  common marine pollutant copper
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Cd (1 time)
GST (1 time)
IPCC (1 time)
2009 Comparing differential tolerance of native and non-indigenous marine species to metal pollution using novel assay techniques.
12  cuprophane
(4 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
BTG (1 time)
EI-alpha 1PI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1988 Aspects of biocompatibility of two different dialysis membranes: cuprophane and polysulfone.
13  cadmium, or copper
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
DAB (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
1992 Cadmium and mercury accumulation in rat hepatocytes: interactions with other metal ions.
14  cellulose
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CTA (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1991 Microcalorimetric evaluation of blood compatibility of hemodialysis membranes.
15  chromium(Cr), copper
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (2 times)
Cr (2 times)
Ni (2 times)
1975 [Relationships between concentrations of heavy metals in human organs; -lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper(Cu), and zinc(Zn)].
16  copper sulfate
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AsCu (1 time)
EDNO (1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
1996 Copper enhances EDNO (endothelium-derived nitric oxide) activity by cultured human vascular endothelial cells.
17  cervical tissue copper
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
NOER (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
1995 Copper, zinc, and magnesium tissue and serum levels in patients with cervical carcinoma.
18  characterized spectroscopically and dnu
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
2012 Mechanochemical and solution synthesis, X-ray structure and IR and 31P solid state NMR spectroscopic studies of copper(I) thiocyanate adducts with bulky monodentate tertiary phosphine ligands.
19  coefficient of uniformity
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
1966 The grand round. Is there a coefficient of utility (Cu)?
20  compounds copper
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
Cd (1 time)
2003 Comparative effects of cadmium, copper, paraquat and benzo[a]pyrene on the actin cytoskeleton and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mussel haemocytes.
21  consumption of copper
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2007 Case study of complaints on drinking water quality: relationship to copper content?
22  content are found with IM
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
2012 [Characterization and thermodynamic properties of Cu(II) imprinted chitosan crosslinked membrane].
23  culture and a copper
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
NPQ (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1995 Purification and characterization of copper-metallothionein from Aspergillus niger by affinity chromatography.
24  cuprammonium rayon
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CR1 (1 time)
PMNs (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1986 Biocompatibility aspects of cellophane, cellulose acetate, polyacrylonitrile, polysulfone and polycarbonate hemodialyzers.
25  cupric chlorides
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
Cd (2 times)
Zn (2 times)
1983 Relation between metal and glutathione concentrations in mouse liver after cadmium, zinc or copper loading.
26  cupric ion
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AATR (1 time)
SFORase (1 time)
1989 Acute copper and cupric ion toxicity in an estuarine microbial community.
27  Curl
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Kn1 (1 time)
KNOX (1 time)
Me (1 time)
1997 The dominant developmental mutants of tomato, Mouse-ear and Curl, are associated with distinct modes of abnormal transcriptional regulation of a Knotted gene.
28  uniformity coefficient
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
OC (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2019 Statistical analyses of flow rates of stormwater treatment bioretention media.
29  upon copper
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APX (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
1984 Lead toxicity in the chick as affected by excess copper and zinc and by Eimeria acervulina infection.
30  urinary concentration
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
Ci (1 time)
GC (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
1986 [Relationship of environmental levels, respiratory absorption and urinary concentrations of various solvents: effects of work load].
31  urinary concentration of six solvents
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BEEL (1 time)
TLV (1 time)
1987 The urinary concentration of solvents as a biological indicator of exposure: proposal for the biological equivalent exposure limit for nine solvents.
32  64Cu
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GEM (1 time)
PARPi (1 time)
PDX (1 time)
2020 Radioimmunotherapy of human pancreatic cancer xenografts in NOD-scid mice with [64Cu]Cu-NOTA-panitumumab F(ab')2 alone or combined with radiosensitizing gemcitabine and the PARP inhibitor, rucaparib.
33  C. fluminea to assess copper
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2008 Sodium Gill Potential as a Tool to Monitor Valve Closure Behavior in Freshwater Clam Corbicula fluminea in Response to Copper.
34  C. phaeocaulis, including Copper
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
2016 [Analysis on transfer rate change of heavy metal in decoction and precipitation of Curcuma phaeocaulis before and after processing with vinegar based on ICP-MS].
35  C. ulcerans
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
Cp (1 time)
1995 Toxic phospholipases D of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, C. ulcerans and Arcanobacterium haemolyticum: cloning and sequence homology.
36  cabuya and ZVI, using copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
PRB (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2017 Use of Vegetable Fibers for PRB to Remove Heavy Metals from Contaminated Aquifers-Comparisons among Cabuya Fibers, Broom Fibers and ZVI.
37  cadmium, zinc, copper
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2016 Heavy metal bioaccumulation in sediment, common reed, algae, and blood worm from the Shoor river, Iran.
38  cadmium-induced alterations in zinc, copper
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2017 Can zinc supplementation ameliorate cadmium-induced alterations in the bioelement content in rabbits?
39  caerulescens is sensitive toward copper
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EXAFS (1 time)
2009 Complexation and toxicity of copper in higher plants. II. Different mechanisms for copper versus cadmium detoxification in the copper-sensitive cadmium/zinc hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens (Ganges Ecotype).
40  calculate soil ACLs for copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SAAF (1 time)
SQGs (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2009 Application of phytotoxicity data to a new Australian soil quality guideline framework for biosolids.
41  calyciflorus exposed to copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DCA (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
1994 Ecotoxicological studies with the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus. IV. Rotifer behavior as a sensitive and rapid sublethal test criterion.
42  can bind metals including copper
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
MT (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2014 Metallothionein deficiency impacts copper accumulation and redistribution in leaves and seeds of Arabidopsis.
43  captured in a copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2001 Response of antioxidant enzymes in freshwater fish populations (Leuciscus alburnoides complex) to inorganic pollutants exposure.
44  Carassius auratus hepatocytes, copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
VTG (1 time)
2011 Influence of divalent metal ions on E2-induced ER pathway in goldfish (Carassius auratus) hepatocytes.
45  carbon diffusion within copper
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Application of tungsten as a carbon sink for synthesis of large-domain uniform monolayer graphene free of bilayers/multilayers.
46  carbon radicals through polycrystalline copper
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Intergrain Diffusion of Carbon Radical for Wafer-Scale, Direct Growth of Graphene on Silicon-Based Dielectrics.
47  carbon solid solubility catalysts
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2010 Role of kinetic factors in chemical vapor deposition synthesis of uniform large area graphene using copper catalyst.
48  carried out using 0.1-1 mol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Highly active copper-network catalyst for the direct aldol reaction.
49  case studies including copper
(1 time)
PFOS (1 time)
2014 Sinks as limited resources? A new indicator for evaluating anthropogenic material flows.
50  cation binding, using either copper
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
La (1 time)
2010 Comparison between methods using copper, lanthanum, and colorimetry for the determination of the cation exchange capacity of plant cell walls.
51  cations including copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Mn (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2018 Brucellosis Causes Alteration in Trace Elements and Oxidative Stress Factors.
52  cattle, sequestration of copper
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Cp (1 time)
2008 An evaluation of the copper sequestrated during clotting in cattle: is it just caeruloplasmin?
53  caused by accumulation of Copper
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
WD (1 time)
2020 WilsonGen a comprehensive clinically annotated genomic variant resource for Wilson's Disease.
54  caused by perinatal copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PKCgamma (1 time)
2000 Gender influences the effect of perinatal copper deficiency on cerebellar PKC gamma content.
55  caused greater copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
MT (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2015 Effects of salinity on metal uptake and metallothionein mRNA levels in the organs of tilapia exposed to cadmium, copper, and zinc ions.
56  causes intracellular copper
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
PE (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2014 Vascular endothelial growth factor recovers suppressed cytochrome c oxidase activity by restoring copper availability in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes.
57  cavity includes nanofluids containing copper
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
ANFIS (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2020 Prediction of Nanofluid Temperature Inside the Cavity by Integration of Grid Partition Clustering Categorization of a Learning Structure with the Fuzzy System.
58  CBC, but oligomeric
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Ferromagnetic coupling in copper benzimidazole chloride: structural, mass spectrometry, magnetism, and DFT studies.
59  CCA, a mixture of copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cr (1 time)
SPASMO (1 time)
VSP (1 time)
2007 The impact of CCA-treated posts in vineyards on soil and ground water.
60  cefuroxime
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Ce (1 time)
CPO (1 time)
CZ (1 time)
2003 In vitro activity of cefpirome: a new fourth generation cephalosporin.
61  cell uptake, copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Human Copper Chaperone Atox1 Translocates to the Nucleus but does not Bind DNA In Vitro.
62  cells accumulated copper
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PCMB (1 time)
1999 Effect of lead exposure and accumulation on copper homeostasis in cultured C6 rat glioma cells.
63  cellular metabolism to copper
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
SPL (1 time)
TMD (1 time)
2014 Functional characterisation of Arabidopsis SPL7 conserved protein domains suggests novel regulatory mechanisms in the Cu deficiency response.
64  cellular model system of copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Copper-redox cycling by coumarin-di(2-picolyl)amine hybrid molecule leads to ROS-mediated DNA damage and apoptosis: A mechanism for cancer chemoprevention.
65  cellular uptake, Copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MBDs (1 time)
2017 Disease-causing point-mutations in metal-binding domains of Wilson disease protein decrease stability and increase structural dynamics.
66  central regulator of copper
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
SPL7 (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2018 SPL7 locally regulates copper-homeostasis-related genes in Arabidopsis.
67  century for crop-defence programs, copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Copper toxicity affects phosphorus uptake mechanisms at molecular and physiological levels in Cucumis sativus plants.
68  century-long soil copper
(1 time)
Environmental Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Long-term soil metal exposure impaired temporal variation in microbial metatranscriptomes and enriched active phages.
69  cerevisiae grown at a medium
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
1990 Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase and copper deprivation and toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
70  ceruloplasmin
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Antioxidant activity of aqueous and vitreous humor from the inflamed rabbit eye.
71  CFU/l
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
2005 Biofilm formation and multiplication of Legionella in a model warm water system with pipes of copper, stainless steel and cross-linked polyethylene.
72  changes in serum copper
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Serum copper levels in benign and malignant thyroid diseases.
73  character due to p(S)-d
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CuS (3 times)
QTAIM (1 time)
2014 First-principles calculations and electron density topological analysis of covellite (CuS).
74  characteristics using copper
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
HRTEM (1 time)
2013 Comparison of resistive switching characteristics using copper and aluminum electrodes on GeOx/W cross-point memories.
75  charcoal and lime under copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FYM (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
2017 Effect of Soil Amendments on Microbial Resilience Capacity of Acid Soil Under Copper Stress.
76  chelate to the intracellular copper
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 2020 Disulfiram-gold-nanorod integrate for effective tumor targeting and photothermal-chemical synergistic therapy.
77  chemical stressors, such as copper
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Does the presence of titanium dioxide nanoparticles reduce copper toxicity? A factorial approach with the benthic amphipod Gammarus fossarum.
78  chemistry reconstructed from the FeNi
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2020 Evidence for complex iron oxides in the deep mantle from FeNi(Cu) inclusions in superdeep diamond.
79  Chinavia ubica
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
Dm (1 time)
Eh (1 time)
Nv (1 time)
2015 The fungistatic and fungicidal effects of volatiles from metathoracic glands of soybean-attacking stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) on the entomopathogen Beauveria bassiana.
80  Chlorella vulgaris microalgae and copper
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
ALCU treatment (1 time)
UFAs (1 time)
2020 Chlorella vulgaris microalgae and/or copper supplementation enhanced feed intake, nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, blood metabolites and lactational performance of Boer goat.
81  cholestatic disorders produce excess copper
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
S. ceruloplasmin (1 time)
SCu (1 time)
2018 Copper concentrations in Egyptian infants with cholestasis: A single center study.
82  Christiansen uniformity coefficient
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Effects of micro-sprinkling hose length and width on wheat field water condition and flag leaf chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in different sampling districts].
83  chromium (CrIII + CrVI), copper
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
MCC (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2018 Antimicrobial resistance due to the content of potentially toxic metals in soil and fertilizing products.
84  chromium contents, dialyzable copper
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Mn (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2008 In vitro determination of zinc dialyzability from duplicate hospital meals: influence of other nutrients.
85  chromium, nickel, copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
SEAO (1 time)
WIO (1 time)
2017 Chemical contaminants (trace metals, persistent organic pollutants) in albacore tuna from western Indian and south-eastern Atlantic Oceans: Trophic influence and potential as tracers of populations.
86  chronic exposure to copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CARS (1 time)
2018 Analyzing life-history traits and lipid storage using CARS microscopy for assessing effects of copper on the fitness of Caenorhabditis elegans.
87  chronic exposure to dissolved copper
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
ghr1 (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
2018 Effects of life-time exposure to waterborne copper on the somatotropic axis of the viviparous fish Poecilia vivipara.
88  Chronic sub-lethal exposure to copper
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Chronic effects of copper exposure versus endocrine toxicity: two sides of the same toxicological process?
89  Ci and ulnar
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 Morphometric analysis of the intercarpal ligaments of the equine proximal carpal bones during simulated flexion and extension of cadaver limbs.
90  circulating serum levels of copper
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
MT-1A (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2019 The role of zinc supplementation on the metallothionein system in children with autism spectrum disorder.
91  circulatory indicators of copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of antioxidant circulatory lipid-soluble vitamins and sodium as non-invasive indicators of chronic copper exposure and toxicity in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.
92  clinic: Aluminum (Al)/Lead (Pb), PMMA/Copper
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
IOERT (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2020 Monte Carlo dose calculations of shielding disks with different material combinations in intraoperative electron radiation therapy (IOERT).
93  Clinical observations suggest that copper
(1 time)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
HPC (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
TEPA (1 time)
2007 The effect of the copper chelator tetraethylenepentamine on reactive oxygen species generation by human hematopoietic progenitor cells.
94  clusters and have similar (S)
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SVZ (1 time)
2017 On the nature of the Cu-rich aggregates in brain astrocytes.
95  clusters on the surface
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
BTA (1 time)
RHE (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
2018 CO2 reduction to acetate in mixtures of ultrasmall (Cu) n ,(Ag) m bimetallic nanoparticles.
96  cm(-1) and nu
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
O-O (1 time)
2003 Resonance raman investigation of equatorial ligand donor effects on the Cu(2)O(2)(2+) core in end-on and side-on mu-peroxo-dicopper(II) and bis-mu-oxo-dicopper(III) complexes.
97  co-exposure of copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2012 Protective effects of calcium on copper toxicity in Pelteobagrus fulvidraco: copper accumulation, enzymatic activities, histology.
98  coating structure comprising a copper
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
THR (1 time)
2016 Color tunable low cost transparent heat reflector using copper and titanium oxide for energy saving application.
99  coincides with a dysfunctional copper
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MBDs (1 time)
WD (1 time)
2017 The six metal binding domains in human copper transporter, ATP7B: molecular biophysics and disease-causing mutations.
100  combined exposure of copper
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2014 Effects of copper and cadmium on lipogenic metabolism and metal element composition in the javelin goby (Synechogobius hasta) after single and combined exposure.