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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : Cys

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Abbreviation: Cys
Appearance Frequency: 1794 time(s)
Long forms: 97

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cysteine
(1509 times)
Biochemistry
(297 times)
Hcy (212 times)
Met (99 times)
NAC (54 times)
1975 Mutants of Salmonella typhimurium responding to cysteine or methionine: their nature and possible role in the regulation of cysteine biosynthesis.
Cys-tRNA
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
SepCysS (10 times)
CysRS (6 times)
Pro (5 times)
1994 Editing function of Escherichia coli cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase: cyclization of cysteine to cysteine thiolactone.
cyclosporine
(29 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
GFR (2 times)
PCV-2 (2 times)
PMWS (2 times)
1984 Use of monoclonal antibodies to quantitate T lymphocyte subpopulations in human cardiac allografts.
cystatin C
(21 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
Cr (7 times)
GFR (7 times)
eGFR (6 times)
2001 Cystatin C, beta 2-microglobulin, and retinol-binding protein as indicators of glomerular filtration rate: comparison with plasma creatinine.
cysteinyl-tRNA
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CysRS (6 times)
Pro (6 times)
SepCysS (3 times)
1999 An archaeal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase missing from genomic analysis.
cystamine
(19 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DOX (3 times)
M-BLU (3 times)
NicA (3 times)
1990 [Involvement of sulfhydryls in the protective mechanism of gastric mucosa].
cysteinyl
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LT (5 times)
LTs (5 times)
BALF (2 times)
1997 Effects of a cysteinyl leukotriene antagonist, ONO-1078 (pranlukast), on total airway resistance after antigen challenge in sensitized guinea pigs.
cysteine residue
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Lys (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1976 Purification and characterization of a proteinase from pineapple fruit, fruit bromelain FA2.
pGlu-Asn-Cys
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AVP (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
CaM (1 time)
1983 A major metabolite of arginine vasopressin in the brain is a highly potent neuropeptide.
10  cystamine dihydrochloride
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
gamma-PGA (2 times)
NGs (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
2015 Investigating thiol-modification on hyaluronan via carbodiimide chemistry using response surface methodology.
11  cyclosophoraoses
(6 times)
Polysaccharides
(3 times)
beta-CD (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
2005 Separation of some chiral flavonoids by microbial cyclosophoraoses and their sulfated derivatives in micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
12  cystein
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
BODIPY (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2000 Predicting the oxidation state of cysteines by multiple sequence alignment.
13  cyclosporin
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ASUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
1984 Blocking by cyclosporine of antigen-induced maturation and lymphokine secretion by cytotoxic T lymphocyte hybridomas.
14  cysteine to tRNA
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CysRS (3 times)
Pro (2 times)
ProRS (1 time)
2000 Synthesis of cysteinyl-tRNA(Cys) by a genome that lacks the normal cysteine-tRNA synthetase.
15  cyclosporin A
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DOR (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2001 Modulation of doxorubicin sensitivity by cyclosporine A in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and their doxorubicin-resistant sublines.
16  converts phosphoseryl-tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Sec (4 times)
COG (1 time)
SepCysS (1 time)
2010 A tRNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis enzyme recognizes the selenocysteine-specific tRNA in Escherichia coli.
17  cysteine, ATP, and tRNA
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CysRS (1 time)
1974 Cysteine activation in cultured cystinotic cells. The specific activity of cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNACys and the determination of the Michaelis-Menten constants for cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase.
18  cysteine-rich
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRIP2 (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2000 Coronavirus-induced membrane fusion requires the cysteine-rich domain in the spike protein.
19  Cysteines
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
Grx (1 time)
His (1 time)
2012 Glutaredoxin s12: unique properties for redox signaling.
20  cytokines
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
2007 Inflammatory cytokine imbalance after coronary angioplasty: links with coronary atherosclerosis.
21  cytoplasmic tRNA
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Structure analysis of the mitochondrial tRNA(Cys) gene and the original region of light-strand replication from carp].
22  (Nt)-cysteine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
TILLING (1 time)
2016 Enhanced waterlogging tolerance in barley by manipulation of expression of the N-end rule pathway E3 ligase PROTEOLYSIS6.
23  2027-to-cysteine
(1 time)
Trp (1 time)
2017 Mechanism of resistance to cyhalofop-butyl in Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees).
24  99mTc-L-Cysteine
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
A/C (1 time)
1997 Accumulation of 99mTc-Cysteine in experimental inflammatory lesions in comparison to 99mTc-glutamine and 99mTc-HIG.
25  Ag(I)-cysteine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Metal-metal-interaction-facilitated coordination polymer as a sensing ensemble: a case study for cysteine sensing.
26  agents-cysteine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MICs (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2003 Preparation of antimicrobial reduced lysozyme compatible in food applications.
27  aminothiols-cysteine
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Hcys (1 time)
SALDI-MS (1 time)
2010 Accurate quantitation of glutathione in cell lysates through surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry using gold nanoparticles.
28  C-terminal domain specifically recognizes the anticodon GCA of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SepRS (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the first step of RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea.
29  case-control study revealed that variant allele
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
OGG1 (1 time)
2013 OGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism interacts with cigarette smoking to increase oxidative DNA damage in human sperm and the risk of male infertility.
30  catalysis via a
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2010 Purification and characterization of a novel extracellular protease from a halo-alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. 17N-1, active in polar organic solvents.
31  catalytic site
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Characterization of the electrostatic perturbation of a catalytic site (Cys)-S-/(His)-Im+H ion-pair in one type of serine proteinase architecture by kinetic and computational studies on chemically mutated subtilisin variants.
32  catalytic site but no cysteine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MsrA (1 time)
Sec (1 time)
SECIS (1 time)
2009 The selenoproteome of Clostridium sp. OhILAs: characterization of anaerobic bacterial selenoprotein methionine sulfoxide reductase A.
33  catalytically superior to cysteine
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
Sec (1 time)
2006 Dynamic evolution of selenocysteine utilization in bacteria: a balance between selenoprotein loss and evolution of selenocysteine from redox active cysteine residues.
34  category is polar residue
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SM-C-H...O (1 time)
2009 Contribution of unconventional C-H...O bonds to the structural stability of antimicrobial peptides.
35  caused by axial ligand interactions, hydrogen bonding to the S
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Determinants of the relative reduction potentials of type-1 copper sites in proteins.
36  caused by the numerous NH.S
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Inner-sphere reorganization energy of iron-sulfur clusters studied with theoretical methods.
37  cells is mainly associated with changes in intracellular
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BSO (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2012 Molecular modulated cysteine-selective fluorescent probe.
38  characterized by the presence of one or two
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Substitution of DNA-contacting amino acids with functional variants in the Gata-1 zinc finger: a structurally and phylogenetically guided mutagenesis.
39  chemically similar to cysteine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Se (1 time)
Sec (1 time)
2009 Low exchangeability of selenocysteine, the 21st amino acid, in vertebrate proteins.
40  closely spaced cysteine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MALDI-MS (1 time)
PKM2 (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2007 Identification of arsenic-binding proteins in human breast cancer cells.
41  cm(-1), thereby identifying them as combinations of nu(Fe-S(t)) and delta
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 N-isotope effects on the Raman spectra of Fe(2)S(2) ferredoxin and Rieske ferredoxin: evidence for structural rigidity of metal sites.
42  cognate prolyl-tRNA synthetase also recognizes and aminoacylates tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Prevention of mis-aminoacylation of a dual-specificity aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
43  coli, and yeast tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 In vitro incorporation of nonnatural amino acids into protein using tRNA(Cys)-derived opal, ochre, and amber suppressor tRNAs.
44  complex in a hydrophobic environment, and indicates that the Fe-S
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2001 Resonance Raman characterization of the heme cofactor in cystathionine beta-synthase. Identification of the Fe-S(Cys) vibration in the six-coordinate low-spin heme.
45  conformation is stabilized by the intramolecular N-H⋯O
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Crystal structures of (2R,4R)-2-(polyhydroxyalkyl)-1,3-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acids: condensation products of l-cysteine with d-hexoses.
46  considerably, a result interpreted in terms of two isomers, Li(+)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Energetics and mechanism for the deamination of lithiated cysteine.
47  consists of a nearly tetrahedral Zn
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PfTFB (1 time)
RNA pol II (1 time)
TBP (1 time)
2000 Structure of a (Cys3His) zinc ribbon, a ubiquitous motif in archaeal and eucaryal transcription.
48  corresponding activity from Methanocaldococcus jannaschii indicated that tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
SepCysS (1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
2005 RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea.
49  corresponding wild type proteins indicate that metal-S
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Paramagnetic NMR Spectroscopy of Cobalt(II) and Copper(II) Derivatives of Pseudomonas aeruginosa His46Asp Azurin.
50  crystal structure of the SepRS tetramer in complex with tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SepRS (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the first step of RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea.
51  crystal structure of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2000 Alternative design of a tRNA core for aminoacylation.
52  crystal structures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae DMATase-tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
DMATase (1 time)
2008 Crystallographic snapshots of eukaryotic dimethylallyltransferase acting on tRNA: insight into tRNA recognition and reaction mechanism.
53  cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Integrin-generated forces lead to streptavidin-biotin unbinding in cellular adhesions.
54  Cylicostephanus
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
Cor (1 time)
Cya (1 time)
Cyc (1 time)
2007 Study (1991 to 2001) of drug-resistant Population B small strongyles in critical tests in horses in Kentucky at the termination of a 40-year investigation.
55  Cys from healthy HNA
(1 time)
Pharmacokinetics
(1 time)
HMA (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2004 Kinetic studies of covalent binding between N-acetyl-L-cysteine and human serum albumin through a mixed-disulfide using an N-methylpyridinium polymer-based column.
56  Cys from HNA
(1 time)
Pharmacokinetics
(1 time)
HMA (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2004 Kinetic studies of covalent binding between N-acetyl-L-cysteine and human serum albumin through a mixed-disulfide using an N-methylpyridinium polymer-based column.
57  Cys- + NOM-RS- = Hg
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LMM (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
NOM-RS (1 time)
2018 Thermodynamics of Hg(II) Bonding to Thiol Groups in Suwannee River Natural Organic Matter Resolved by Competitive Ligand Exchange, Hg LIII-Edge EXAFS and 1H NMR Spectroscopy.
58  Cys-102 was replaced by either TGT
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1993 Cysteine-102 is positioned in the metal binding activation site of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae regulatory element DtxR.
59  Cys-tRNA synthetase and tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1974 Cysteine activation in cultured cystinotic cells. The specific activity of cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNACys and the determination of the Michaelis-Menten constants for cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase.
60  CysRS aminoacylates tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
2000 Influence of transfer RNA tertiary structure on aminoacylation efficiency by glutaminyl and cysteinyl-tRNA synthetases.
61  CysRS and tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CysRS (1 time)
2005 Domain-domain communication for tRNA aminoacylation: the importance of covalent connectivity.
62  CysRS cannot acylate human tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Potential for interdependent development of tRNA determinants for aminoacylation and ribosome decoding.
63  CysRS overcomes the cross-species barrier in human tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Potential for interdependent development of tRNA determinants for aminoacylation and ribosome decoding.
64  cysteine and histidine
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
LTR (1 time)
RAPDs (1 time)
2001 Two novel Pao-like retrotransposons (Kamikaze and Yamato) from the silkworm species Bombyx mori and B. mandarina: common structural features of Pao-like elements.
65  cysteine and misacylated selenocysteyl-tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FDH (1 time)
Nar (1 time)
2013 Selective selC-independent selenocysteine incorporation into formate dehydrogenases.
66  cysteine and the Fe-S
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2011 Elucidating the role of the proximal cysteine hydrogen-bonding network in ferric cytochrome P450cam and corresponding mutants using magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy.
67  cysteine and the other having the beta-153
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
2011 Electron transfer within nitrogenase: evidence for a deficit-spending mechanism.
68  cysteine can be charged to tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CysRS (1 time)
Pro (1 time)
ProRS (1 time)
2004 Synthesis of cysteinyl-tRNACys by a prolyl-tRNA synthetase.
69  cysteine during in vitro tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Editing function of Escherichia coli cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase: cyclization of cysteine to cysteine thiolactone.
70  cysteine enzyme to bind tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Mutational analysis of a leucine heptad repeat motif in a class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
71  Cysteine is ligated to tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SepRS (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the first step of RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea.
72  cysteine residues of MT-III, indicative of the S
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
2000 Metallothionein-III prevents glutamate and nitric oxide neurotoxicity in primary cultures of cerebellar neurons.
73  cysteine rich domains
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2008 The anti-proliferative effects of the CHFR depend on the forkhead associated domain, but not E3 ligase activity mediated by ring finger domain.
74  cysteine tRNA synthetase, recognition of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
tRNAs (1 time)
1995 RNA recognition based on a pair of tertiary hydrogen interaction.
75  cysteine, but does not aminoacylate archaeal tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
acid urea PAGE (1 time)
Pro (1 time)
2008 The many applications of acid urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to studies of tRNAs and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
76  cysteine/glutamate transporter
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EC-SOD (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
TME (1 time)
2018 Extracellular redox state shift: A novel approach to target prostate cancer invasion.
77  cysteinyl (Cys)-tRNA
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2015 A SelB/EF-Tu/aIF2gamma-like protein from Methanosarcina mazei in the GTP-bound form binds cysteinyl-tRNA(Cys.).
78  cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase, Cys-tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PLP (1 time)
Sep (1 time)
SepCysS (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the second step of RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea: crystal structure of Sep-tRNA:Cys-tRNA synthase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus.
79  cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase, O-phosphoserine is ligated to tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SepRS (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the first step of RNA-dependent cysteine biosynthesis in archaea.
80  cystinotic cells contain levels of tRNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1974 Cysteine activation in cultured cystinotic cells. The specific activity of cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNACys and the determination of the Michaelis-Menten constants for cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase.
81  cyt tRNAs
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CYT (1 time)
1996 Nucleotide sequences of nuclear tRNA(Cys) genes from Nicotiana and Arabidopsis and expression in HeLa cell extract.
82  cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, tRNA
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2016 A new quadrannulate species of Orobdella (Hirudinida, Arhynchobdellida, Orobdellidae) from western Honshu, Japan.
83  Cytokines
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1998 Cytokines (Cys) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in CAPD patients.
84  free-cysteine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Mutation choice to eliminate buried free cysteines in protein therapeutics.
85  HA-CysNG@AuNR nanogels with cystamine
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HA (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
2019 Redox-responsive hyaluronic acid nanogels for hyperthermia- assisted chemotherapy to overcome multidrug resistance.
86  half-cystine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Abu (1 time)
BPTI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1992 Solid-phase synthesis of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) and two analogues. A chemical approach for evaluating the role of disulfide bridges in protein folding and stability.
87  L-cysteine to form As
(1 time)
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2017 Green Luminescent CdTe Quantum Dot Based Fluorescence Nano-Sensor for Sensitive Detection of Arsenic (III).
88  l-cysteine, and under the exposure condition where Cd
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2012 Cadmium transport in isolated enterocytes of freshwater rainbow trout: interactions with zinc and iron, effects of complexation with cysteine, and an ATPase-coupled efflux.
89  l-cystinate
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
PCL (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2019 Poly(cystine-PCL) based pH/redox dual-responsive nanocarriers for enhanced tumor therapy.
90  Se-methylseleno-cysteine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Se (1 time)
2003 Chemical form and distribution of selenium and sulfur in the selenium hyperaccumulator Astragalus bisulcatus.
91  single-copy tRNA
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Characterization of tRNA(Cys) processing in a conditional Bacillus subtilis CCase mutant reveals the participation of RNase R in its quality control.
92  Single-cysteine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCFT (1 time)
TMDs (1 time)
2016 Functional and mechanistic roles of the human proton-coupled folate transporter transmembrane domain 6-7 linker.
93  SP-C had similar activity to rSP-C
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
RDS (1 time)
1996 Lung function in premature rabbits treated with recombinant human surfactant protein-C.
94  treble-clef zinc fingers encountered in many Zn
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Cooperative metal binding and helical folding in model peptides of treble-clef zinc fingers.
95  tryptophan-2027-cysteine
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACCase (1 time)
Gly (1 time)
2007 Diversity of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase mutations in resistant Lolium populations: evaluation using clethodim.
96  twelve-cysteine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Au11 (1 time)
CG (1 time)
NCL (1 time)
2009 Conjugation of Au11 cluster with Cys-rich peptides containing the alpha-domain of metallothionein.
97  Zn(II)-L-cysteine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Cya (1 time)
His (1 time)
Hist (1 time)
1993 Mixed ligand complexes involving sulphur containing ligands--Part II. Ternary complexes of Zn(II) involving L-cysteine/D-penicillamine/L-cysteic acid and imidazoles.