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Abbreviation: DA
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Long forms: 1238

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
dopamine
(18359 times)
Neurology
(6387 times)
NE (2125 times)
DOPAC (1495 times)
PD (1293 times)
1967 The responses of thalamic neurons to iontophoretically applied monoamines.
dopaminergic
(1508 times)
Neurology
(632 times)
PD (543 times)
TH (180 times)
SN (147 times)
1975 Effects of amphetamine isomers and neuroleptics on self-stimulation from the nucleus accumbens and dorsal noradrenergic bundle.
ductus arteriosus
(324 times)
Pediatrics
(72 times)
PDA (46 times)
PA (29 times)
NO (18 times)
1980 Morphologic evidence of accelerated closure of the ductus arteriosus in preterm infants.
Dark Agouti
(312 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(46 times)
EAE (40 times)
AO (35 times)
SD (31 times)
1976 Antigenic profile of the rat chondrocyte.
discriminant analysis
(266 times)
Environmental Health
(66 times)
PCA (97 times)
CA (41 times)
FA (18 times)
1978 Discriminant analysis.
domoic acid
(246 times)
Toxicology
(79 times)
ASP (29 times)
OA (11 times)
STX (9 times)
1990 Acute parenteral neurotoxicity of domoic acid in cynomolgus monkeys (M. fascicularis)
dopamine agonist
(218 times)
Endocrinology
(82 times)
PD (74 times)
PRL (32 times)
ICDs (17 times)
1988 Necroses of prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas under treatment with dopamine agonists: light microscopical and morphometric studies.
Diels-Alder
(127 times)
Chemistry
(85 times)
DFT (6 times)
rDA (4 times)
FA (3 times)
2000 Synthesis of isoquinoline derivatives by Diels-Alder reactions of 2(1H)-pyridones having an electron-withdrawing group with methoxy-1,3-butadienes.
decision aid
(125 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
SDM (12 times)
UC (7 times)
BC (6 times)
2003 What factors are associated with a woman's decision to take hormone replacement therapy? Evaluated in the context of a decision aid.
10  darbepoetin alfa
(107 times)
Nephrology
(26 times)
Hb (45 times)
ESAs (20 times)
CKD (16 times)
2004 Cytoprotection by darbepoetin/epoetin alfa in pig tubular and mouse mesangial cells.
11  degree of acetylation
(93 times)
Biochemistry
(38 times)
CS (7 times)
MW (7 times)
DP (6 times)
1996 Chitosans as absorption enhancers for poorly absorbable drugs. 1: Influence of molecular weight and degree of acetylation on drug transport across human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells.
12  diagnostic accuracy
(67 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
NPV (21 times)
PPV (19 times)
Sp (12 times)
1989 The serum concentrations of TAG-72 antigen measured with CA 72-4 IRMA in patients with ovarian carcinoma. Preliminary data.
13  degree of anisotropy
(58 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
Tb.Th (22 times)
Tb.N (18 times)
SMI (15 times)
1997 Micro-tomographic imaging for the nondestructive evaluation of trabecular bone architecture.
14  dorsal aorta
(56 times)
Biology
(11 times)
HSCs (10 times)
CV (5 times)
PCV (5 times)
1984 Peripheral neural input to neurons of the middle cervical ganglion in the cat.
15  dental age
(54 times)
Dentistry
(23 times)
CA (45 times)
CA-DA (6 times)
SA (5 times)
1993 Delayed tooth formation in low birthweight African-American children.
16  disc area
(54 times)
Ophthalmology
(52 times)
AMD (11 times)
CA (11 times)
RA (10 times)
1989 [Optic disc measurements with computerized image analysis in experimental chronic glaucoma].
17  divided attention
(48 times)
Psychology
(29 times)
FA (14 times)
TBI (3 times)
ABE (2 times)
1991 Effects of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components. II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks.
18  descending aorta
(47 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
AA (22 times)
PA (6 times)
LV (5 times)
1982 Influence of heat stress on arterial baroreflex control of heart rate in the baboon.
19  diffuse astrocytoma
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
AA (22 times)
GBM (20 times)
PA (9 times)
2003 Loss of heterozygosity of a locus in the chromosomal region 17p13.3 is associated with increased cell proliferation in astrocytic tumors.
20  directional asymmetry
(39 times)
Biology
(11 times)
FA (23 times)
AS (3 times)
Div (2 times)
1987 Directional dental asymmetry in South Sinai Bedouin isolates.
21  dental anxiety
(38 times)
Dentistry
(30 times)
DAS (7 times)
DMFT (5 times)
OHRQoL (4 times)
2003 Dental anxiety in Iceland: an epidemiological postal survey.
22  diminazene aceturate
(37 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
ISM (7 times)
PCV (4 times)
HAT (3 times)
2006 SSCP analysis of the P2 purine transporter TcoAT1 gene of Trypanosoma congolense leads to a simple PCR-RFLP test allowing the rapid identification of diminazene resistant stocks.
23  duodenal atresia
(37 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
EA (7 times)
JIA (4 times)
TEF (4 times)
1996 A familial disorder with duodenal atresia and tetralogy of Fallot.
24  displaced abomasum
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
NEFA (8 times)
DIM (6 times)
KET (6 times)
1979 Variables associated with peripartum traits in dairy cows. II. Interrelationships among disorders and their effects on intake of feed and on reproductive efficiency.
25  drug abuse
(35 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
AUD (7 times)
CB (4 times)
PD (4 times)
1990 Vascular hepatotoxicity related to heroin addiction.
26  dark adaptation
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
AMD (12 times)
ERG (4 times)
RIT (4 times)
1975 Cone dark adaptation: the influence of halothane anesthesia.
27  disease activity
(32 times)
Rheumatology
(12 times)
RA (8 times)
IBD (4 times)
SLE (3 times)
1996 Elevated levels of markers of endothelial cell damage and markers of activated coagulation in patients with systemic necrotizing vasculitis.
28  deformation amplitude
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
CCT (14 times)
IOP (9 times)
PD (7 times)
2013 Effects of age on corneal deformation by non-contact tonometry integrated with an ultra-high-speed (UHS) Scheimpflug camera.
29  decanoic acid
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DHA (3 times)
DSC (3 times)
DS (2 times)
1986 The effects of short-chain fatty acids on the neuronal membrane functions of Helix pomatia. I. Electrical properties.
30  distal arthrogryposis
(29 times)
Genetics, Medical
(19 times)
ECEL1 (3 times)
AMC (2 times)
DA2A (2 times)
1992 Prenatal diagnosis of distal arthrogryposis type I by ultrasonography.
31  delayed alternation
(28 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
DR (10 times)
OA (4 times)
MWM (2 times)
1976 Effects of successive unilateral ablations of principalis cortex upon performances of delayed alternation and delayed response by monkeys.
32  decursinol angelate
(27 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AGN (13 times)
NCs (3 times)
AR (2 times)
2007 Transport of decursin and decursinol angelate across Caco-2 and MDR-MDCK cell monolayers: in vitro models for intestinal and blood-brain barrier permeability.
33  dark-adapted
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
LA (14 times)
ERG (6 times)
ERGs (2 times)
1984 Effects of extracellular Ca++, K+, and Na+ on cone and retinal pigment epithelium retinomotor movements in isolated teleost retinas.
34  dynamic assessment
(25 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(13 times)
LI (3 times)
CA (2 times)
WP (2 times)
2001 Dynamic Assessment of Diverse Children: A Tutorial.
35  diffuse adherence
(24 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
LA (13 times)
EPEC (10 times)
AIDA-I (3 times)
1985 Correlation between adherence to HeLa cells and serogroups, serotypes, and bioserotypes of Escherichia coli.
36  diffusion approximation
(24 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
MC (8 times)
RTE (6 times)
CW (3 times)
2004 Diffuse-diffuse photon coupling via nonscattering void in the presence of refractive index mismatch on the void boundary.
37  dilute acid
(24 times)
Technology
(16 times)
AFEX (5 times)
SPORL (4 times)
SAA (3 times)
2009 Access of cellulase to cellulose and lignin for poplar solids produced by leading pretreatment technologies.
38  axial diffusivity
(23 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
FA (22 times)
DR (20 times)
MD (15 times)
2007 Diffusion tensor imaging of normal-appearing white matter in mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer disease: preliminary evidence of axonal degeneration in the temporal lobe.
39  desmoplastic ameloblastoma
(23 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
SMA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1992 The desmo- and osteoplastic ameloblastoma. Histologic variant or clinicopathologic entity? Case reports.
40  Dubinin-Ashtakhov
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
CNTs (2 times)
D-R (2 times)
EDCs (2 times)
2004 Estimating the pore size distribution of activated carbons from adsorption data of different adsorbates by various methods.
41  deoxycholic acid
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CA (3 times)
DP (2 times)
EGCG (2 times)
1980 Effect of cecum and appendix on 7 alpha-dehydroxylation and 7 beta-epimerization of chenodeoxycholic acid in the rabbit.
42  directional atherectomy
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
DCB (3 times)
PAD (3 times)
BA (2 times)
1994 Infrainguinal directional atherectomy: long-term follow-up and comparison with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
43  L-DOPA and dopamine
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
L-DOPA (3 times)
NA (3 times)
1979 gamma-Glutamyl DOPA and gamma-glutamyl dopamine: effect on plasma glucose levels.
44  diacetyl
(21 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
BO (3 times)
GO (3 times)
MGO (3 times)
1985 Potential initiating and promoting activities of diacetyl and glyoxal in rat stomach mucosa.
45  direct anterior
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
THA (12 times)
DL (5 times)
LOS (2 times)
0 Direct Anterior Approach Has Lower Deep Infection Frequency Than Less Invasive Direct Lateral Approach in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty.
46  duodenal adenocarcinoma
(19 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
OS (6 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2002 Expression of ERRP in normal and neoplastic pancreata and its relationship to clinicopathologic parameters in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
47  developmental age
(17 times)
Brain
(6 times)
DS (5 times)
CA (2 times)
AMT (1 time)
1986 Long-term follow-up of ten patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
48  diacetylene
(17 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
PDA (9 times)
PDAs (3 times)
PCDA (2 times)
2011 Inkjet printing of conjugated polymer precursors on paper substrates for colorimetric sensing and flexible electrothermochromic display.
49  data assimilation
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LETKF (2 times)
CLSM (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
2002 Predictive modular neural networks for unsupervised segmentation of switching time series: the data allocation problem.
50  difficult airway
(16 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
DI (3 times)
DMV (2 times)
EGRI (2 times)
2010 Difficult airway management and the novice physician.
51  decision analysis
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
cQOL (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
AFS (1 time)
1987 Application of decision analysis to drug selection for formulary addition.
52  dexamethasone acetate
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CD (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
DSP (2 times)
1983 Regulation of plasminogen activator secretion, interferon induction and proliferation in murine macrophages.
53  Discourse analysis
(15 times)
Nursing
(8 times)
CA (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
1998 Tet offensive: winning hearts and minds for prevention. Discourse and ideology in Vietnam's "Health" Newspaper.
54  dissecting aneurysm
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SAH (5 times)
FA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1990 [Dissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery as a cause of Wallenberg's syndrome].
55  dissemination area
(15 times)
Public Health
(11 times)
SES (3 times)
CT (2 times)
ACSCs (1 time)
2006 Prognostic relevance of census-derived individual respondent incomes versus household incomes.
56  denture adhesive
(14 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
bFGF (1 time)
DACT (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2008 Radiopaque dental adhesives: dispersion of flame-made Ta2O5/SiO2 nanoparticles in methacrylic matrices.
57  Dermatitis artefacta
(14 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
ASD (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
KFH (1 time)
1999 Dermatitis artefacta: A review of 14 cases.
58  dodecylamine
(14 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
OA (3 times)
HDA (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1990 Reversible drug effects on the metabolic activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
59  D-1 and D-2 dopamine
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
EEDQ (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
NPA (1 time)
1982 Interactions of novel dopaminergic ligands with D-1 and D-2 dopamine receptors.
60  daunorubicin and cytarabine
(13 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
AML (7 times)
CR (5 times)
HA (3 times)
1998 Leukemic cellular retinoic acid resistance and missense mutations in the PML-RARalpha fusion gene after relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia from treatment with all-trans retinoic acid and intensive chemotherapy.
61  distamycin A
(13 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DAPI (5 times)
FISH (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
1975 Synergic action of distamycin A and hydroxyurea on the reproduction of DNA viruses in cell cultures.
62  daidzein
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
EQ (4 times)
GE (3 times)
ENL (2 times)
1986 Determination of urinary lignans and phytoestrogen metabolites, potential antiestrogens and anticarcinogens, in urine of women on various habitual diets.
63  Danger Assessment
(12 times)
Interpersonal Relations
(4 times)
IPV (5 times)
AAS (2 times)
DVSI (2 times)
1989 Assessment of patterns of dangerousness with battered women.
64  digital angiography
(12 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
DSA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
3D-TOF-MRA (1 time)
1983 Use of digitized functional angiography to evaluate arterial blood flow.
65  direct agglutination
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
IHA (4 times)
IIF (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
1981 The direct agglutination test for chronic Chagas's disease. The effect of pre-treatment of test samples with 2-mercaptoethanol.
66  dopaminergic amacrine
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IPL (3 times)
CA (1 time)
Chr (1 time)
2004 Gene discovery in genetically labeled single dopaminergic neurons of the retina.
67  dopaminergic neurons
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PD (4 times)
SN (4 times)
BDNF (2 times)
2007 Drosophila DJ-1 mutants are sensitive to oxidative stress and show reduced lifespan and motor deficits.
68  daily activities
(11 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
PR (3 times)
DLQI (2 times)
BPS (1 time)
1992 [The sequelae of osteoporotic femoral fracture in Barcelona].
69  dense area
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PD (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
MD (3 times)
2005 Characteristic localisation of denatured high-density lipoprotein (HDL) at the periphery of a lipid core in human atherosclerotic lesions.
70  dominant active
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
DN (4 times)
JNK (3 times)
FasL (2 times)
1996 Regulation of interleukin-2 transcription by inducible stable expression of dominant negative and dominant active mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase in jurkat T cells. Evidence for the importance of Ras in a pathway that is controlled by dual receptor stimulation.
71  dopamine hydrochloride
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
UA (3 times)
AA (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1985 Dopamine decreases release of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone from superfused rat mediobasal hypothalamus.
72  dafachronic acid
(10 times)
Biology
(4 times)
IIS (2 times)
WT (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2008 Regulation of Caenorhabditis elegans male mate searching behavior by the nuclear receptor DAF-12.
73  domain adaptation
(10 times)
Cybernetics
(4 times)
A-SSVM (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DPM (1 time)
2012 Boosting automatic event extraction from the literature using domain adaptation and coreference resolution.
74  doubts about actions
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CM (9 times)
PS (4 times)
CFMPS (2 times)
1998 Dimensions of perfectionism across the anxiety disorders.
75  Dark Agouti rats
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AO (2 times)
EAE (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1991 Codeine O-demethylation: rat strain differences and the effects of inhibitors.
76  Destruxin A
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AAM (1 time)
ALA (1 time)
awd (1 time)
2006 Toxicity assessment of metabolites of fungal biocontrol agents using two different (Artemia salina and Daphnia magna) invertebrate bioassays.
77  dicarboxylic acids
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HPLC (2 times)
NIDDM (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1989 Azelaic acid--biochemistry and metabolism.
78  direct access
(9 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
DHs (1 time)
2007 Effect of health care delivery models on melanoma thickness and stage in a university-based referral center: an observational pilot study.
79  dose-adjusted
(9 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
DLBCL (3 times)
IPI (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
2006 Optimization of dose prescription protocol and its impact on delivered dose and vascular response after beta-radiation for in-stent restenosis. A randomized trial with serial volumetric intravascular ultrasound and dose volume histograms.
80  duplex arteriography
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
CA (5 times)
fPPG (2 times)
MRA (2 times)
2001 Early results of infragenicular revascularization based solely on duplex arteriography.
81  deaminometribuzin
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DADK (8 times)
DK (8 times)
CZE (1 time)
2002 Analysis of Metribuzin and transformation products in soil by pressurized liquid extraction and liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometry.
82  Delta
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
BOMD (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
2009 Dopamine transporter relation to levodopa-derived synaptic dopamine in a rat model of Parkinson's: an in vivo imaging study.
83  dendrodoine analogue
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AST (4 times)
ALP (3 times)
GGT (3 times)
2004 Role of an aminothiazole derivative on ethanol- and thermally oxidized sunflower oil-induced toxicity.
84  descriptive analysis
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CATA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FCP (1 time)
2015 Functional analysis of problem behavior: A systematic approach for identifying idiosyncratic variables.
85  diaceturate
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ISM (3 times)
AAT (2 times)
BT (1 time)
2008 Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and trypanocidal drug sensitivity studies on Trypanosoma congolense in Wolyta and Dawero zones of southern Ethiopia.
86  direct-acting dopamine
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HVA (2 times)
PRL (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
1983 Evidence for the involvement of central dopaminergic receptors in the acute and chronic effects induced by barbiturates.
87  distance
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DS (2 times)
Dp (1 time)
fr (1 time)
2003 Dimerization and inter-chromophore distance of Cph1 phytochrome from Synechocystis, as monitored by fluorescence homo and hetero energy transfer.
88  drug addicts
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AHB (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
1978 Immunoglobulin classes of smooth muscle antibody in the course of acute hepatitis B: prognostic significance.
89  Daniel's
(7 times)
Virology
(3 times)
TMEV (4 times)
CNS (1 time)
i.c (1 time)
1996 Spontaneous central nervous system remyelination in strain A mice after infection with the Daniel's (DA) strain of Theiler's virus.
90  death anxiety
(7 times)
Aging
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
BU (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2011 Work related stress among gynecologic oncologists.
91  deep approach
(7 times)
Education
(3 times)
SA (6 times)
AL (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2006 Attitudes to concept maps as a teaching/learning activity in undergraduate health professional education: influence of preferred approach to learning.
92  denial of antecedent
(7 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
AC (7 times)
MP (5 times)
MT (5 times)
1993 The mental model theory of conditional reasoning: critical appraisal and revision.
93  direct admission
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
AMC (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2000 [Is the direct admission to the recovery service or to the intensive care unit of patients cared for by the Smur system justified?].
94  Donor Action
(7 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
BD (4 times)
MRR (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2003 Cost-benefit approach in evaluating investment into donor action: the German case.
95  dorsal hypothalamic area
(7 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DMH (3 times)
DR (2 times)
LC (2 times)
1989 Reassessment of enkephalin (ENK)-containing afferents to the rat lateral septum with reference to the fine structures of septal ENK fibers.
96  driving accuracy
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BCI (1 time)
2006 Advancements in power wheelchair joystick technology: Effects of isometric joysticks and signal conditioning on driving performance.
97  Drop attacks
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MD (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BAEP (1 time)
1988 Rare clinical disturbances of the brain stem mechanism as cerebellar fits and drop attacks.
98  3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
5-HIAA (3 times)
5-HT (3 times)
DOPAC (3 times)
1986 Brain dialysis: in vivo metabolism of dopamine and serotonin by monoamine oxidase A but not B in the striatum of unrestrained rats.
99  D-arabinitol
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CFU (1 time)
DA/LA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1993 Identification, purification, and characterization of a D-arabinitol-specific dehydrogenase from Candida tropicalis.
100  Dark August
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AO (3 times)
EAE (2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
1989 Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in "low" and "high" interleukin 2 producer rats. I. Cellular basis of induction.