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Abbreviation: DB
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Long forms: 425

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
double-bundle
(142 times)
Sports Medicine
(61 times)
ACL (94 times)
SB (88 times)
IKDC (34 times)
2002 Non-linear fitting of mechanical data for efficacy determination of single versus double bundle Achilles tendon grafts for PCL reconstructions.
database
(92 times)
Medical Informatics
(17 times)
CBIR (3 times)
EST (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1983 ADAMIS: a database for medical information systems.
direct bilirubin
(81 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
TB (46 times)
AST (19 times)
ALP (10 times)
1982 The impact of total parenteral nutrition on liver function tests in patients with cancer.
double-blind
(77 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
OL (25 times)
OLE (11 times)
AEs (8 times)
1982 Antihypertensive activity of once daily metoprolol alone and with chlorthalidone and comparison with a twice daily regimen.
diabetic
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
NonDb (6 times)
NDB (5 times)
OB (5 times)
1977 Structural and chemical alterations associated with hepatic glycogen metabolism in genetically diabetic (db) and in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
deep breathing
(46 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LS (10 times)
VM (10 times)
BP (8 times)
1984 Impairment of cardiovascular autonomic reflexes in multiple symmetric lipomatosis.
dobutamine
(27 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
DA (9 times)
NE (5 times)
DX (4 times)
1979 [Comparison of the hemodynamic effects induced by dobutamine, isoproterenol and dopamine in patients with coronary artery disease (author's transl)].
degree of branching
(26 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DP (4 times)
ATRP (2 times)
HBPs (2 times)
1991 Preparation and biological activities of sulfated derivatives of (1----3)-beta-D-glucans.
distobuccal
(26 times)
Dentistry
(23 times)
MB (20 times)
DL (13 times)
ML (4 times)
1983 The potential attachment area of the maxillary first molar.
10  double bonds
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
FA (6 times)
LP (2 times)
NG (2 times)
1985 [Determination of double bonds in the lipid fraction of blood plasma in burn patients using the ADS-4M apparatus].
11  diaphragmatic breathing
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
COPD (9 times)
PLB (6 times)
VR (3 times)
1998 Acute effects of deep diaphragmatic breathing in COPD patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency.
12  dangling bond
(21 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
STM (7 times)
STS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
1998 Dangling bond dynamics on the silicon (100)-2x1 surface: dissociation, diffusion, and recombination
13  denatonium benzoate
(21 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
QHCl (5 times)
PTC (3 times)
GI (2 times)
1995 Bittering agents: their potential application in reducing ingestions of engine coolants and windshield wash.
14  dense bodies
(20 times)
Virology
(6 times)
HCMV (8 times)
ALC (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
1990 Time course of the quantitative changes in the autophagic-lysosomal and secretory granule compartments of murine liver cells under the influence of vinblastine.
15  decidua basalis
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
ER (3 times)
DP (2 times)
EGFR (2 times)
1990 Progesterone maintenance of the placental progesterone receptor and placental growth in ovariectomized rats.
16  diamond bur
(19 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
SB (4 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1997 Surface treatment techniques for resin composite repair.
17  downstream box
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
SD (6 times)
aSD (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
1993 A plasmid system for high-level expression and in vitro processing of recombinant proteins.
18  disruptive behavior
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
ADHD (3 times)
AAMs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1993 The early course of the Tourette's syndrome clinical spectrum.
19  defined benefit
(16 times)
Health Services
(9 times)
DC (14 times)
HRS (3 times)
BLS (1 time)
1999 Characteristics of individuals with integrated pensions.
20  Dysfunctional breathing
(15 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
BHT (2 times)
VCD (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2008 Investigating the claims of Konstantin Buteyko, M.D., Ph.D.: the relationship of breath holding time to end tidal CO2 and other proposed measures of dysfunctional breathing.
21  Didemnin B
(14 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
GVHR (2 times)
PRL (2 times)
APC/AC (1 time)
1985 Didemnin B: a new immunosuppressive cyclic peptide with potent activity in vitro and in vivo.
22  dot blot
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PCR (5 times)
WB (4 times)
SB (3 times)
1988 Distribution of a monoclonal antibody-recognized protective protein immunogen on the outer membranes of Pasteurella multocida rabbit isolates.
23  Downs and Black
(13 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
mTBI (2 times)
OCEBM (2 times)
PRISMA (2 times)
2009 Virtual reality in acquired brain injury upper limb rehabilitation: evidence-based evaluation of clinical research.
24  Dutch Belted
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
NZW (8 times)
EHEC (4 times)
IOP (3 times)
1977 Prenatal toxicity of medroxyprogesterone acetate in rabbits, rats, and mice.
25  defensive backs
(11 times)
Physical Fitness
(9 times)
DL (9 times)
OL (9 times)
WR (8 times)
1988 Isokinetic leg flexion and extension strength of university football players.
26  defensive burying
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
WKY (4 times)
QTL (3 times)
EPM (2 times)
1994 Open field, learned helplessness, conditioned defensive burying, and forced-swim tests in WKY rats.
27  denitrifying bacteria
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
SRB (7 times)
PRB (5 times)
MBfRs (3 times)
2009 Effect of sulfate absence and nitrate addition on bacterial community in a sulfidogenic bioreactor.
28  Diosbulbin B
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ALP (4 times)
ALT/AST (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
2011 [Evaluation on hepatotoxicity caused by Dioscorea bulbifera based on analysis of bile acids].
29  dorsal noradrenergic bundle
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
LC (3 times)
NA (2 times)
OF (2 times)
1982 Activation of lateral geniculate neurons by locus coeruleus or dorsal noradrenergic bundle stimulation: selective blockade by the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin.
30  debrisoquine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
BF (2 times)
CYP2D19 (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
1989 Antipyrine metabolism in female Lewis and Dark Agouti strains of rats, which are extensive and poor metabolizers of debrisoquine, respectively.
31  Deep Blue
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
AOD (8 times)
DT (5 times)
MODIS (5 times)
2015 Impacts of elevated-aerosol-layer and aerosol type on the correlation of AOD and particulate matter with ground-based and satellite measurements in Nanjing, southeast China.
32  Dragon's blood
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MDA (2 times)
ADME (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1983 Isolation and anticoagulant properties of polysaccharides of Typha Augustata and Daemonorops species.
33  dark brown
(8 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
LB (5 times)
Wh (4 times)
IWr (2 times)
2000 Phenotypic switching in Candida glabrata involves phase-specific regulation of the metallothionein gene MT-II and the newly discovered hemolysin gene HLP.
34  decisional balance
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
GE (2 times)
MI (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2006 Aiming at Tobacco Harm Reduction: a survey comparing smokers differing in readiness to quit.
35  diagonal band
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MS (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
AIB (1 time)
1984 Cholinergic and non-cholinergic septo-hippocampal projections: a double-label horseradish peroxidase-acetylcholinesterase study in the rabbit.
36  digits backward
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DF (5 times)
SCWT (3 times)
WCST (3 times)
2006 Digit Span components as predictors of attention problems and executive functioning in children.
37  Disperse Blue
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
TLC (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
DDs (1 time)
2001 Contact allergy to Disperse Blue 106 and Disperse Blue 124 in German and Austrian patients, 1995 to 1999.
38  dorsal bodies
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CDC (1 time)
CeGC (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1983 Effects of two gonadotropic hormones on polysaccharide synthesis in the albumen gland of Lymnaea stagnalis, studied with the organ culture technique.
39  Douglas bag
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
VE (2 times)
ACSM (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2001 Validation of the COSMED K4 b2 portable metabolic system.
40  dynamic balance
(8 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
SEBT (2 times)
TUG (2 times)
CG (1 time)
2013 Effect of kinesio taping on jumping and balance in athletes: a crossover randomized controlled trial.
41  death-birth
(7 times)
Biology
(4 times)
BD (7 times)
ESS (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2008 Evolutionary stability on graphs.
42  demineralized bone
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BMP (2 times)
BMPs (2 times)
HA (1 time)
1988 Calcium and vitamin D in bone metabolism: analyses of their effects with a short-term in vivo bone model in rats.
43  dermal backflow
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ICG (6 times)
DDB (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2013 LEC score: a judgment tool for indication of indocyanine green lymphography.
44  destruxin B
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CRC (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
CDPs (1 time)
1999 Non-cyclic AMP-dependent, positive inotropic cyclodepsipeptides with negative chronotropy.
45  diagonal band of Broca
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MS (4 times)
ACh (2 times)
ChAT (2 times)
1984 An immunohistochemical study on the location of GABAergic neurons in rat septum.
46  diffuse bronchiectasis
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CF (3 times)
CFTR (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1999 Increased frequency of cystic fibrosis deltaF508 mutation in bronchiectasis associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
47  DNA binding
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
CD4cd (1 time)
crs (1 time)
1996 Nef-CD4 physical interaction sensed with the yeast two-hybrid system.
48  dumbbell
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
EMG (3 times)
AD (2 times)
BB (2 times)
2008 The acute effect of vibration exercise on concentric muscular characteristics.
49  dark blood
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
SSFP (2 times)
BB (1 time)
ceMRA (1 time)
2009 Halting the effects of flow enhancement with effective intermittent zeugmatographic encoding (HEFEWEIZEN) in SSFP.
50  deep breathing test
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
VM (2 times)
ANS (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1987 Cardiovascular reflex responses in cluster headache patients: basal autonomic alterations.
51  developmental-behavioural
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1994 Survey on developmental-behavioural training experiences of Australian paediatric advanced trainees.
52  discrete breather
(6 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
FPU (2 times)
HB (1 time)
2002 Interaction of a discrete breather with a lattice junction.
53  2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-6-decyl-1,4-benzoquinone
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
DQ (3 times)
ER (2 times)
CoQ (1 time)
1988 Direct interaction between yeast NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, and ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase in the reduction of exogenous quinones.
54  Davies-Bouldin
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SVM (3 times)
AAS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2009 A novel approach to neuro-fuzzy classification.
55  destruction box
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
APC (2 times)
APC/C (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
1999 Control of metaphase-anaphase progression by proteolysis: cyclosome function regulated by the protein kinase A pathway, ubiquitination and localization.
56  direct bioautography
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AChE (1 time)
bio (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Development of a novel direct bioautography-thin-layer chromatography test: optimization of growth conditions for gram-positive bacteria, Bacillus subtilis.
57  Doppler broadening
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CZT (1 time)
DCA (1 time)
2004 Optic nerve head circulation in nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and optic neuritis.
58  dorsal ascending noradrenergic bundle
(5 times)
Brain
(4 times)
CS (1 time)
PR (1 time)
SH (1 time)
1982 Acquisition and extinction of continuously and partially reinforced running in rats with lesions of the dorsal noradrenergic bundle.
59  dorsal bundle
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
LC (4 times)
NA (3 times)
alpha-MPT (1 time)
1975 Hyperdipsia induced by bilateral destruction of the locus coeruleus in rats.
60  double-balloon
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
IB (2 times)
MVA (2 times)
EMR (1 time)
1996 Immediate and long-term results of balloon mitral commissurotomy for rheumatic mitral stenosis: comparison between Inoue and double-balloon techniques.
61  decision board
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
DCE (1 time)
OSCE (1 time)
SDM (1 time)
1996 Patients' preferences for therapy in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer: development, testing, and application of a bedside decision instrument.
62  deep breath
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
FRC (1 time)
2001 Preoxygenation with tidal volume and deep breathing techniques: the impact of duration of breathing and fresh gas flow.
63  dense breast
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NDB (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2003 A digital equalisation technique improving visualisation of dense mammary gland and breast periphery in mammography.
64  depolarization block
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1998 Striatal extracellular dopamine levels in rats with haloperidol-induced depolarization block of substantia nigra dopamine neurons.
65  descending branch
(4 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
AB (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
ALTP (1 time)
1997 Angioarchitectural classification of the fungiform papillae on the dorsal surface of the bullfrog tongue.
66  detention basin
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DGGE (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
FIB (1 time)
2005 Sulfide-oxidizing activity and bacterial community structure in a fluidized bed reactor from a zero-discharge mariculture system.
67  diffuse bipolar
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FMB (2 times)
BB (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2004 S-cone connections of the diffuse bipolar cell type DB6 in macaque monkey retina.
68  dipole bound
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
VB (4 times)
I-U (1 time)
2006 Valence- and dipole-bound anions of the thymine-water complex: ab initio characterization of the potential energy surfaces.
69  disseminated bronchiectasis
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
CFTR (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
CF (1 time)
1997 CFTR gene mutations in adults with disseminated bronchiectasis.
70  dissonance-based
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
2006 Spatial modeling in ecology: the flexibility of eigenfunction spatial analyses.
71  duobinary
(4 times)
Optics and Photonics
(4 times)
OLS (2 times)
16QAM (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2009 Modulation-format agile, reconfigurable Tb/s transmitter based on optical arbitrary waveform generation.
72  duodenal bulb
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CE (1 time)
DD (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1993 Biopsy study of polyps in the duodenal bulb.
73  Dacron Bionit
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ePTFE (3 times)
SR (1 time)
1985 The effect of heparin vs. citrate on the interaction of platelets with vascular graft materials.
74  Damar Batu
(3 times)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
MW (1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2009 Damar Batu as a novel matrix former for the transdermal drug delivery: in vitro evaluation.
75  Denis-Browne
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CTEV (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2011 The influence of brace type on the success rate of the Ponseti treatment protocol for idiopathic clubfoot.
76  dense body
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
8-MOP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
bp (1 time)
1992 Use of 8-methoxypsoralen and long wavelength ultraviolet radiation for decontamination of platelet concentrates.
77  diabetes mellitus
(3 times)
Preventive Dentistry
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2007 Use of topical insulin to normalize corneal epithelial healing in diabetes mellitus.
78  diabetic rats
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DB-IN (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
NTX (1 time)
2007 Topically applied naltrexone restores corneal reepithelialization in diabetic rats.
79  diagnostic biopsies
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Biopsies of colorectal clinical polyps--emergence of diagnostic information on deeper levels.
80  disease burden
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DALY (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2016 Application of disease burden to quantitative assessment of health hazards for a decentralized water reuse system.
81  divinylbenzene
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
SCSE (2 times)
AMII (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2010 Preparation of a mixed stir bar for sorptive extraction based on monolithic material for the extraction of quinolones from wastewater.
82  dorsal body
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
SLS (1 time)
1990 Innervation of the dorsal body cells of Helix aspersa: Immunocytochemical evidence for the presence of FMRF amidelike substances in nerves and synapses.
83  dorsal branch
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
AKA (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
MSCTA (1 time)
2007 Feeding arteries of the spinal cord at CT angiography before and after thoracic aortic endografting.
84  double-bundle ACL reconstruction
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACL (2 times)
SB (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2012 Age as a predictor of residual muscle weakness after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
85  3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
miRNA (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2011 Amplified detection of microRNA based on ruthenium oxide nanoparticle-initiated deposition of an insulating film.
86  alpha-dystrobrevin
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IMP (1 time)
MTJs (1 time)
NMJs (1 time)
2003 Tyrosine-phosphorylated and nonphosphorylated isoforms of alpha-dystrobrevin: roles in skeletal muscle and its neuromuscular and myotendinous junctions.
87  dam to breed bull
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
SB (2 times)
GS-PT (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2014 Effects of a breeding scheme combined by genomic pre-selection and progeny testing on annual genetic gain in a dairy cattle population.
88  dashboard
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
EBS (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2012 Cutaneous infections, good use of antibiotics and diagnostic accuracy.
89  data banks
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
--- 1994 [A compressed form for presenting data to banks on the primary and spatial structure of biopolymers. Means for accessing compressed data banks].
90  day before
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
LM (1 time)
MB (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1992 The effects of stress-anxiety and coping styles on heart rate variability.
91  dead bacteria
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CE (2 times)
FS (2 times)
LB (2 times)
2017 Effects of dietary Lactobacillus plantarum in different treatments on growth performance and immune gene expression of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei under normal condition and stress of acute low salinity.
92  debanding operation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
ChPF (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2011 Collagen isoform shift during the early phase of reverse left ventricular remodelling after relief of pressure overload.
93  decalcified bone
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACB (1 time)
beta-GP (1 time)
DBB (1 time)
1979 The bone inductive capacity of various bone transplanting materials used for treatment of experimental bone defects.
94  deciduous broadleaf forests
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2005 [Spatial pattern of sub-alpine forest restoration in west Sichuan].
95  decylbenzoquinone
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1989 Photoaffinity labelling of mitochondrial NADH: ubiquinone reductase with pethidine analogues.
96  defensive-burying test
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
NPSR (1 time)
2006 Test- and behavior-specific genetic factors affect WKY hypoactivity in tests of emotionality.
97  defunctionalized bladder
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
CysCap (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2000 Urodynamic evaluation and management prior to renal transplantation.
98  degree of blockiness
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
HM (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2005 Effects of calcium, pH, and blockiness on kinetic rheological behavior and microstructure of HM pectin gels.
99  denitrification bacteria
(2 times)
Archaea
(1 time)
SRB (2 times)
AB (1 time)
MBfR (1 time)
2014 Effects of cattail biomass on sulfate removal and carbon sources competition in subsurface-flow constructed wetlands treating secondary effluent.
100  dermal burns
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
DDB (2 times)
CDS (1 time)
CES (1 time)
1996 Clinical effectiveness of an ointment containing prostaglandin E1 for the treatment of burn wounds.