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Abbreviation: DD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
D-dimer
(623 times)
Vascular Diseases
(101 times)
PT (108 times)
APTT (102 times)
FIB (97 times)
1976 Plasmic degradation of fibrinogen Paris I.
diastolic dysfunction
(427 times)
Cardiology
(186 times)
LV (123 times)
HF (46 times)
LA (41 times)
1998 [The evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function in patients with type-1 diabetes mellitus].
developmental delay
(396 times)
Psychiatry
(90 times)
ASD (127 times)
ID (101 times)
TD (66 times)
1988 Dyskinesia, antipsychotic-drug exposure and risk factors in a developmentally-disabled population.
developmental dyslexia
(335 times)
Neurology
(97 times)
TD (36 times)
DCD (10 times)
ADHD (9 times)
1995 Study of unilateral hemisphere performance in children with developmental dysphasia.
developmental disabilities
(218 times)
Psychiatry
(82 times)
ASD (37 times)
TD (14 times)
ID (11 times)
1993 Clinical pharmacological issues in treating psychiatric disorders of patients with mental retardation.
death domain
(186 times)
Biochemistry
(42 times)
DED (22 times)
FADD (18 times)
TNF (18 times)
1996 The putatively protective Onchocerca volvulus neuronal protein E1 is a member of the death domain protein family.
differential display
(184 times)
Molecular Biology
(55 times)
PCR (16 times)
RT-PCR (12 times)
RT (7 times)
1993 Identification by differential display of alpha 6 integrin as a candidate tumor suppressor gene.
Dupuytren's disease
(179 times)
General Surgery
(40 times)
CCH (15 times)
PIP (9 times)
CTS (7 times)
1977 Dupuytren's disease in diabetes mellitus.
deceased donor
(176 times)
Transplantation
(114 times)
LD (82 times)
KT (17 times)
DGF (13 times)
2004 Liver regeneration after adult living donor and deceased donor split-liver transplants.
10  delay discounting
(176 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(39 times)
EFT (24 times)
DLPFC (8 times)
WM (8 times)
2002 Delay of gratification and delay discounting in rats.
11  digital dermatitis
(161 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(117 times)
SU (13 times)
IDHE (8 times)
SH (8 times)
1997 Spirochetes from digital dermatitis lesions in cattle are closely related to treponemes associated with human periodontitis.
12  depressive disorder
(151 times)
Psychiatry
(54 times)
AD (8 times)
BPD (8 times)
HC (8 times)
1994 Depressive disorders and suicidal intent in adolescent suicide attempters.
13  diverticular disease
(142 times)
Gastroenterology
(75 times)
SUDD (10 times)
AD (9 times)
IBS (9 times)
1979 [Functional and morphological studies on diverticulosis of the large bowel].
14  Darier disease
(129 times)
Dermatology
(79 times)
SERCA2 (25 times)
HHD (20 times)
ER (12 times)
1980 Tissue culture of epidermal cells in some acantholytic dermatoses.
15  disc degeneration
(104 times)
Orthopedics
(53 times)
MRI (28 times)
LBP (26 times)
MC (9 times)
1989 Magnetic resonance study of disc degeneration in young low-back pain patients.
16  disk diffusion
(103 times)
Microbiology
(45 times)
BMD (33 times)
MIC (14 times)
AD (12 times)
1989 Antibiotic sensitivity of enterobacteriaceae by disc diffusion and rapid fermentation sensitivity test methods.
17  degree of deacetylation
(94 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
MW (33 times)
CS (9 times)
DS (9 times)
1994 Viscosity and flow properties of concentrated solutions of chitosan with different degrees of deacetylation.
18  degree-days
(90 times)
Zoology
(54 times)
GAMM (2 times)
11-KT (1 time)
AB (1 time)
1991 Larval instars and growth pattern of a univoltine black fly, Prosimulium kiotoense (Diptera: Simuliidae), in Kyushu, Japan.
19  disc diameter
(89 times)
Ophthalmology
(65 times)
OCT (9 times)
ROP (8 times)
CNV (7 times)
1984 Visual acuity related to retinal distance from the fovea in macular disease.
20  disc displacement
(74 times)
Dentistry
(56 times)
TMJ (32 times)
MRI (16 times)
TMD (16 times)
1991 Trauma history in diagnostic groups of temporomandibular disorders.
21  difference-in-differences
(65 times)
Health Services
(15 times)
ACA (10 times)
DDD (8 times)
CI (6 times)
2003 The demand for physician services. Evidence from a natural experiment.
22  dysthymic disorder
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(41 times)
MDD (29 times)
MD (5 times)
GAD (4 times)
1984 Depressive disorders in childhood. II. A longitudinal study of the risk for a subsequent major depression.
23  delusional disorder
(62 times)
Psychiatry
(39 times)
PANSS (11 times)
SZ (5 times)
SAP (4 times)
1981 Paranoid psychosis (delusional disorder) and schizophrenia. A family history study.
24  dibenzo-p-dioxin
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(36 times)
DF (30 times)
4,6-DCDF (9 times)
PCDDs (9 times)
1992 Mutagenicity of the reaction products of dibenzo-p-dioxin with nitrogen oxides.
25  diabetes distress
(57 times)
Endocrinology
(23 times)
T2DM (12 times)
T1D (10 times)
DDS (7 times)
2009 Predicting diabetes distress in patients with Type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal study.
26  dietary diversity
(56 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
DDS (15 times)
aOR (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1996 Diet quality and dietary diversity in France: implications for the French paradox.
27  dose difference
(55 times)
Biophysics
(23 times)
DTA (24 times)
TPS (10 times)
IMRT (9 times)
2006 Comparison of dose distributions in IMRT planning using the gamma function.
28  disease duration
(48 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MS (14 times)
EDSS (10 times)
RRMS (6 times)
1992 [Pulse therapy with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide in systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: the results of an open, parallel, controlled, randomized, 12-month study].
29  dose-dense
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
OS (14 times)
DFS (11 times)
HR (10 times)
2006 Randomised trial: survival benefit and safety of adjuvant dose-dense chemotherapy for node-positive breast cancer.
30  dual diagnosis
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
SUD (14 times)
SMI (3 times)
SUDs (3 times)
2000 Dual diagnosis in the suburbs: prevalence, need, and in-patient service use.
31  dissociative disorders
(44 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
DES (5 times)
PTSD (4 times)
DID (3 times)
2003 Clinical importance of nightmare disorder in patients with dissociative disorders.
32  developmental disorders
(43 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
ASD (20 times)
TD (7 times)
ID (4 times)
2000 Toward a developmental operational definition of autism.
33  daily disposable
(36 times)
Optometry
(17 times)
CL (9 times)
SH (7 times)
ATS (4 times)
2008 Risk factors for microbial keratitis with contemporary contact lenses: a case-control study.
34  double dose
(36 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
SD (17 times)
HD (3 times)
RD (3 times)
1997 Occurrence and detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae at a veterans medical center: seek and you may find.
35  deletion/deletion
(34 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
ID (21 times)
ACE (18 times)
BP (4 times)
1998 VO2 max is associated with ACE genotype in postmenopausal women.
36  diastolic depolarization
(34 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
AP (9 times)
SAN (8 times)
SR (6 times)
1989 Effects of lactate, reoxygenation, and fast drive on hypoxic, hyperkalemic, and acidotic Purkinje fibers.
37  drug discrimination
(33 times)
Psychopharmacology
(17 times)
CPP (4 times)
CTA (4 times)
DS (3 times)
1981 Inter-animal olfactory cues in operant drug discrimination procedures in rats.
38  deacetylation degree
(32 times)
Carbohydrates
(7 times)
MW (5 times)
CS (3 times)
DSC (3 times)
2002 Effect of molecular structure of chitosan on protein delivery properties of chitosan nanoparticles.
39  diaper dermatitis
(32 times)
Dermatology
(20 times)
TEWL (4 times)
IL-1alpha (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1996 Pigmented and hyperkeratotic napkin dermatitis: a liquid detergent irritant dermatitis.
40  duct-to-duct
(32 times)
Transplantation
(23 times)
LDLT (12 times)
RY (6 times)
PSC (5 times)
1996 Duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction following liver transplantation for primary sclerosing cholangitis.
41  dihydrodiol dehydrogenase
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PAHs (6 times)
PAH (4 times)
HNF (3 times)
1990 Characterization of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in human liver and lung.
42  dyssynergic defecation
(31 times)
Gastroenterology
(20 times)
ARM (9 times)
BFT (6 times)
BET (4 times)
2011 Regional colon transit in patients with dys-synergic defaecation or slow transit in patients with constipation.
43  dentin dysplasia
(28 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
DGI (15 times)
DSPP (12 times)
OI (5 times)
1990 Dentin dysplasia type II: absence of type III collagen in dentin.
44  diaphragmatic dysfunction
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
ICU (5 times)
AECOPD (4 times)
NIV (4 times)
1995 Dyspnea in dystonia. A functional evaluation.
45  Danon disease
(27 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
LAMP2 (11 times)
HCM (4 times)
XCI (3 times)
2003 Identification of a novel LAMP2 mutation responsible for X-chromosomal dominant Danon disease.
46  destabilizing domain
(27 times)
Science
(9 times)
TMP (7 times)
DHFR (5 times)
ER (2 times)
2008 The desensitization gating of the MthK K+ channel is governed by its cytoplasmic amino terminus.
47  dialysis-dependent
(27 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
CKD (17 times)
NDD (14 times)
Hb (10 times)
1999 Independent effects of residual renal function and dialysis adequacy on nutritional status and patient outcome in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
48  Data Deficient
(25 times)
Plants
(4 times)
CR (3 times)
EN (3 times)
VU (3 times)
2014 Predicting the conservation status of data-deficient species.
49  dedifferentiated
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
WD (21 times)
LPS (6 times)
OS (5 times)
1999 Biochemical uncovering of mdm2/p53 complexes in liposarcomas parallels their immunohistochemical detection.
50  density dependence
(25 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
DI (4 times)
FD (3 times)
FVC (3 times)
1980 Determinants of maximal expiratory flow and density dependence in normal humans.
51  dopamine-deficient
(25 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
L-DOPA (10 times)
DA (4 times)
CPu (2 times)
2001 Dopamine production in the caudate putamen restores feeding in dopamine-deficient mice.
52  diarrheal diseases
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
ARI (5 times)
DALYs (4 times)
RVA (4 times)
1987 Oral rehydration salts and diarrhoeal diseases: effects of changing inpatient management in Tonga.
53  diastolic diameter
(23 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
Ds (6 times)
IMT (3 times)
SBP (3 times)
1976 Left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease evaluated with systolic time intervals and echocardiography.
54  dipole-dipole
(23 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
CSA (6 times)
ATP (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1997 NMR Relaxation Mechanisms for Backbone Carbonyl Carbons in a 13 C, 15 N-Labeled Protein
55  doubling doses
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
AMP (5 times)
ICS (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1989 A comparison of three measures of the response to inhaled methacholine.
56  days in constant darkness
(21 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
LD (15 times)
FFA (2 times)
8-CPT-cAMP (1 time)
1991 Restricted feeding entrains circadian wheel-running activity rhythms of the kowari.
57  direct-detection
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
SSB (5 times)
BER (4 times)
OFDM (4 times)
2010 Semi-analytical approach for performance evaluation of direct-detection OFDM optical communication systems.
58  dichorionic diamniotic
(20 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
MD (12 times)
FGR (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
2003 Mode of conception, placental morphology and perinatal outcome of twin gestations.
59  double diffusion
(20 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
CIE (4 times)
ELISA (4 times)
CF (3 times)
1975 Counterimmunoelectrophoresis as a routine mycoserological procedure.
60  defecatory disorders
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
BET (4 times)
FI (4 times)
DRE (2 times)
2010 Significance of defecography in the diagnosis and evaluation of male patients with defecation disorders.
61  different degrees of deacetylation
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CS (2 times)
KGM (2 times)
MW (2 times)
1991 Determination of the Mark-Houwink equation for chitosans with different degrees of deacetylation.
62  differential diagnosis
(19 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
AI (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1991 [Differential diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage].
63  delivered dose
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
FPD (8 times)
RH (4 times)
APSD (3 times)
2007 Comparison of two approaches for treating cascade impaction mass balance measurements.
64  diagnostic delay
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
IQR (5 times)
CD (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
2007 Impact of diagnostic delay in testis cancer: results of a large population-based study.
65  DIAGNOdent
(17 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
BW (2 times)
EC (2 times)
FOTI (2 times)
2003 Performance of conventional and new methods for the detection of occlusal caries in deciduous teeth.
66  diffusion dialysis
(17 times)
Membranes
(6 times)
IEC (6 times)
PVA (5 times)
WR (5 times)
2012 Alkali recovery using PVA/SiO2 cation exchange membranes with different -COOH contents.
67  duodenal diverticulum
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CT (3 times)
CBD (2 times)
DDB (2 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
68  diagnostic dose
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
DDST (2 times)
EI (2 times)
GST (2 times)
2005 [ESBL-positive strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group isolated from patients at the regional hospital center in Plock (Poland)].
69  diastrophic dysplasia
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
Fin (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
1985 Lethal and non-lethal diastrophic dysplasia. A study of 14 Swedish cases.
70  dimerization domain
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ATPP (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2005 NF-kappaB RelB forms an intertwined homodimer.
71  denileukin diftitox
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CTCL (5 times)
AEs (2 times)
DC (2 times)
2007 Phase II study of denileukin diftitox for previously treated indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma: final results of E1497.
72  diadinoxanthin
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DT (13 times)
NPQ (6 times)
DDE (2 times)
1994 Non-photochemical fluorescence quenching and the diadinoxanthin cycle in a marine diatom.
73  dichotic digits
(14 times)
Audiology
(10 times)
CS (4 times)
FP (4 times)
APD (3 times)
1985 Release from central auditory competition in the split-brain patient.
74  discriminating dose
(14 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
AIT (2 times)
LIT (2 times)
LPT (2 times)
2001 Tests to determine LC50 and discriminating doses for macrocyclic lactones against the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus.
75  dynamical decoupling
(14 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CPMG (1 time)
DDNS (1 time)
DGS (1 time)
2011 Robust dynamical decoupling for quantum computing and quantum memory.
76  dark conditions
(13 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
LD (7 times)
SCN (2 times)
CTs (1 time)
1980 Postnatal development of dopaminergic cells in the rat retina.
77  Dercum's disease
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SAT (3 times)
MSL (2 times)
RADs (2 times)
2011 Histology of adipose tissue inflammation in Dercum's disease, obesity and normal weight controls: a case control study.
78  drug delivery
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DDS (2 times)
LFUS (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2002 Angiopeptin-eluting stents: observations in human vessels and pig coronary arteries.
79  defect depth
(12 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CAL (5 times)
PPD (5 times)
DW (3 times)
2011 Use of a new cross-linked collagen membrane for the treatment of peri-implant dehiscence defects: a randomised controlled double-blinded clinical trial.
80  demyelinating disease
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MS (4 times)
TMEV (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1999 Increased urinary nitric oxide metabolites in patients with multiple sclerosis correlates with early and relapsing disease.
81  diabetes-related distress
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
T1D (4 times)
DDS (3 times)
EFA (3 times)
2016 Emotional Distress in the Partners of Type 1 Diabetes Adults: Worries About Hypoglycemia and Other Key Concerns.
82  disintegration degree
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
WAS (4 times)
BBD (3 times)
RSM (3 times)
2010 Combined (alkaline+ultrasonic) pretreatment effect on sewage sludge disintegration.
83  duodenal distension
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
CA (2 times)
DA (2 times)
2002 CCK1 central receptor antagonist prevented the intestinal stress symptoms in sheep.
84  daily dose
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CHF (2 times)
CL (2 times)
25OHD (1 time)
1991 Drug utilisation, supply and expenditure at Chitungwiza, Gweru, Mpilo, Parirenyatwa and United Bulawayo Hospitals in one year (1987-1988).
85  delayed diagnosis
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AAD (1 time)
AI/IFG (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2009 [Clinical usefulness of troponin I in acute pulmonary embolism].
86  diabetic dermopathy
(11 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AN (3 times)
BD (3 times)
DM (3 times)
2006 Is diabetic dermopathy a sign for severe neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus? Nerve conduction studies and symptom analysis.
87  drug dependence
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
AD (7 times)
EAs (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1992 [Neuropsychological changes in drug addicts infected with human immunodeficiency virus].
88  dark-dark
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LD (6 times)
LL (2 times)
SCN (2 times)
1998 A new mammalian period gene predominantly expressed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus.
89  Dent disease
(10 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (3 times)
LMWP (3 times)
ACMG (1 time)
1998 Devic's neuromyelitis optica: a clinicopathological review of the literature in connection with a case showing fatal dysautonomia.
90  dermal dendrocytes
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ICAM-1 (2 times)
MF (2 times)
ELAM-1 (1 time)
1992 Cutaneous expression of Thy-1 in mycosis fungoides.
91  double depression
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
MDD (4 times)
MD (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1991 Life course of depressive illness and characteristics of current episode in patients with double depression.
92  Duchenne dystrophy
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IBM (3 times)
PM (3 times)
DM (2 times)
1980 Echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac abnormalities in Duchenne's dystrophy and myotonic muscular dystrophy.
93  depersonalization/derealization
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CBT (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1996 Psychosensorial and related phenomena in panic disorder and in temporal lobe epilepsy.
94  developmental delay without autism
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ASD (4 times)
TD (3 times)
ASDs (2 times)
2008 Repetitive and stereotyped behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders in the second year of life.
95  double differential
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SD (4 times)
CV (2 times)
iEMG (2 times)
1993 Evaluation of methods to minimize cross talk in surface electromyography.
96  dual disorder
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SUD (3 times)
HUD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
2006 A 12-month prospective follow-up study of patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and substance abuse: changes in psychiatric symptoms and substance use.
97  degenerative disease
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ND (3 times)
LS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1988 Disc deterioration in low-back syndromes. A prospective, multi-center CT/discography study.
98  Diamond Nucleic Acid Dye
(8 times)
Jurisprudence
(7 times)
BG (1 time)
EG (1 time)
IEDs (1 time)
2016 Optimization of Diamond Nucleic Acid Dye for quantitative PCR.
99  digital dermoscopy
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
RCM (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
ARD (1 time)
2001 The use of digital dermoscopy for the follow-up of congenital nevi: a pilot study.
100  distracted driving
(8 times)
Traumatology
(4 times)
aPR (2 times)
ED (1 time)
PDO (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of and attitudes about distracted driving in college students.