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Abbreviation: DD
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Long forms: 943

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
D-dimer
(503 times)
Vascular Diseases
(94 times)
TAT (91 times)
PT (73 times)
APTT (70 times)
1976 Plasmic degradation of fibrinogen Paris I.
diastolic dysfunction
(341 times)
Cardiology
(156 times)
LV (101 times)
HF (35 times)
LA (32 times)
1998 [The evaluation of left ventricular diastolic function in patients with type-1 diabetes mellitus].
developmental delay
(331 times)
Psychiatry
(79 times)
ASD (104 times)
ID (78 times)
TD (61 times)
1988 Dyskinesia, antipsychotic-drug exposure and risk factors in a developmentally-disabled population.
developmental dyslexia
(273 times)
Neurology
(85 times)
TD (26 times)
IPS (8 times)
ADHD (7 times)
1995 Study of unilateral hemisphere performance in children with developmental dysphasia.
differential display
(184 times)
Molecular Biology
(55 times)
PCR (16 times)
RT-PCR (12 times)
RT (7 times)
1993 Identification by differential display of alpha 6 integrin as a candidate tumor suppressor gene.
developmental disabilities
(174 times)
Psychiatry
(68 times)
ASD (29 times)
TD (13 times)
ID (8 times)
1993 Clinical pharmacological issues in treating psychiatric disorders of patients with mental retardation.
death domain
(170 times)
Biochemistry
(40 times)
DED (19 times)
TNF (18 times)
FADD (16 times)
1996 The putatively protective Onchocerca volvulus neuronal protein E1 is a member of the death domain protein family.
deceased donor
(147 times)
Transplantation
(109 times)
LD (66 times)
KT (11 times)
HLA (10 times)
2004 Liver regeneration after adult living donor and deceased donor split-liver transplants.
Dupuytren's disease
(144 times)
General Surgery
(35 times)
CCH (11 times)
PIP (6 times)
CT (5 times)
0 CURRENT TREATMENT OPTIONS OF DUPUYTRENS DISEASE.
10  diverticular disease
(135 times)
Gastroenterology
(72 times)
SUDD (10 times)
IBS (9 times)
AD (8 times)
1979 [Functional and morphological studies on diverticulosis of the large bowel].
11  delay discounting
(131 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(30 times)
EFT (13 times)
WM (8 times)
DLPFC (6 times)
2002 Delay of gratification and delay discounting in rats.
12  digital dermatitis
(131 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(99 times)
SU (9 times)
IDHE (7 times)
SH (6 times)
1997 Spirochetes from digital dermatitis lesions in cattle are closely related to treponemes associated with human periodontitis.
13  Darier disease
(119 times)
Dermatology
(72 times)
SERCA2 (24 times)
HHD (19 times)
ER (12 times)
1980 Tissue culture of epidermal cells in some acantholytic dermatoses.
14  depressive disorder
(116 times)
Psychiatry
(44 times)
AD (7 times)
BPD (6 times)
OCD (6 times)
1994 Depressive disorders and suicidal intent in adolescent suicide attempters.
15  disc degeneration
(89 times)
Orthopedics
(45 times)
MRI (23 times)
LBP (20 times)
IVD (7 times)
1989 Magnetic resonance study of disc degeneration in young low-back pain patients.
16  disk diffusion
(83 times)
Microbiology
(40 times)
BMD (25 times)
MIC (13 times)
AD (10 times)
1989 Antibiotic sensitivity of enterobacteriaceae by disc diffusion and rapid fermentation sensitivity test methods.
17  degree of deacetylation
(81 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
MW (27 times)
DS (9 times)
CS (8 times)
1994 Viscosity and flow properties of concentrated solutions of chitosan with different degrees of deacetylation.
18  degree-days
(76 times)
Zoology
(48 times)
11-KT (1 time)
AB (1 time)
ADD (1 time)
1991 Larval instars and growth pattern of a univoltine black fly, Prosimulium kiotoense (Diptera: Simuliidae), in Kyushu, Japan.
19  disc diameter
(72 times)
Ophthalmology
(54 times)
CNV (7 times)
AMD (6 times)
OCT (6 times)
1984 Visual acuity related to retinal distance from the fovea in macular disease.
20  dysthymic disorder
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(41 times)
MDD (29 times)
MD (5 times)
GAD (4 times)
1984 Depressive disorders in childhood. II. A longitudinal study of the risk for a subsequent major depression.
21  disc displacement
(60 times)
Dentistry
(47 times)
TMJ (23 times)
TMD (13 times)
MRI (12 times)
1991 Trauma history in diagnostic groups of temporomandibular disorders.
22  dibenzo-p-dioxin
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
DF (30 times)
4,6-DCDF (9 times)
PCDDs (9 times)
1992 Mutagenicity of the reaction products of dibenzo-p-dioxin with nitrogen oxides.
23  delusional disorder
(52 times)
Psychiatry
(36 times)
PANSS (10 times)
SAP (4 times)
SZ (4 times)
1981 Paranoid psychosis (delusional disorder) and schizophrenia. A family history study.
24  difference-in-differences
(51 times)
Health Services
(13 times)
ACA (7 times)
DDD (5 times)
BRFSS (2 times)
2003 The demand for physician services. Evidence from a natural experiment.
25  dose difference
(45 times)
Biophysics
(20 times)
DTA (23 times)
TPS (10 times)
IMRT (9 times)
2006 Comparison of dose distributions in IMRT planning using the gamma function.
26  dual diagnosis
(43 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
SUD (14 times)
SMI (3 times)
SUDs (3 times)
2000 Dual diagnosis in the suburbs: prevalence, need, and in-patient service use.
27  dissociative disorders
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
DES (5 times)
DID (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
2003 Clinical importance of nightmare disorder in patients with dissociative disorders.
28  dose-dense
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
OS (13 times)
DFS (11 times)
HR (7 times)
2006 Randomised trial: survival benefit and safety of adjuvant dose-dense chemotherapy for node-positive breast cancer.
29  disease duration
(36 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MS (10 times)
EDSS (8 times)
RRMS (4 times)
1992 [Pulse therapy with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide in systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: the results of an open, parallel, controlled, randomized, 12-month study].
30  dietary diversity
(35 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
DDS (8 times)
CI (3 times)
IYCF (3 times)
1996 Diet quality and dietary diversity in France: implications for the French paradox.
31  diastolic depolarization
(34 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
AP (9 times)
SAN (8 times)
SR (6 times)
1989 Effects of lactate, reoxygenation, and fast drive on hypoxic, hyperkalemic, and acidotic Purkinje fibers.
32  double dose
(34 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
SD (17 times)
RD (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1997 Occurrence and detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae at a veterans medical center: seek and you may find.
33  developmental disorders
(32 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
ASD (15 times)
TD (6 times)
ID (2 times)
2000 Toward a developmental operational definition of autism.
34  drug discrimination
(32 times)
Psychopharmacology
(17 times)
CPP (4 times)
CTA (4 times)
DS (3 times)
1981 Inter-animal olfactory cues in operant drug discrimination procedures in rats.
35  dihydrodiol dehydrogenase
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PAHs (6 times)
PAH (4 times)
HNF (3 times)
1990 Characterization of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase in human liver and lung.
36  daily disposable
(30 times)
Optometry
(13 times)
CL (6 times)
SH (6 times)
CH (4 times)
2008 Risk factors for microbial keratitis with contemporary contact lenses: a case-control study.
37  deletion/deletion
(29 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
ID (20 times)
ACE (16 times)
OR (4 times)
1998 VO2 max is associated with ACE genotype in postmenopausal women.
38  diaper dermatitis
(29 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
TEWL (4 times)
IL-1alpha (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1996 Pigmented and hyperkeratotic napkin dermatitis: a liquid detergent irritant dermatitis.
39  duct-to-duct
(29 times)
Transplantation
(22 times)
LDLT (11 times)
RY (6 times)
PSC (5 times)
1996 Duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction following liver transplantation for primary sclerosing cholangitis.
40  diabetes distress
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(16 times)
DDS (5 times)
T1D (4 times)
T2DM (4 times)
2009 Predicting diabetes distress in patients with Type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal study.
41  deuterium-deuterium
(27 times)
Biophysics
(17 times)
HPGe (4 times)
MC (4 times)
Mn (4 times)
2005 Radioactivity evaluation for the KSTAR tokamak.
42  destabilizing domain
(26 times)
Science
(9 times)
TMP (6 times)
DHFR (4 times)
ER (2 times)
2008 The desensitization gating of the MthK K+ channel is governed by its cytoplasmic amino terminus.
43  deacetylation degree
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
MW (5 times)
CS (3 times)
beta-GP (2 times)
2003 Effect of molecular structure of chitosan on protein delivery properties of chitosan nanoparticles.
44  dentin dysplasia
(24 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
DGI (12 times)
DSPP (9 times)
OI (4 times)
1990 Dentin dysplasia type II: absence of type III collagen in dentin.
45  density dependence
(23 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
FD (3 times)
FVC (3 times)
DI (2 times)
1980 Determinants of maximal expiratory flow and density dependence in normal humans.
46  dopamine-deficient
(23 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
L-DOPA (10 times)
DA (4 times)
CPu (2 times)
2001 Dopamine production in the caudate putamen restores feeding in dopamine-deficient mice.
47  diarrheal diseases
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
ARI (5 times)
RVA (4 times)
DALYs (3 times)
1987 Oral rehydration salts and diarrhoeal diseases: effects of changing inpatient management in Tonga.
48  diastolic diameter
(22 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
Ds (6 times)
CCA (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1976 Left ventricular performance in coronary artery disease evaluated with systolic time intervals and echocardiography.
49  doubling doses
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
AMP (5 times)
ICS (3 times)
AR (2 times)
1989 A comparison of three measures of the response to inhaled methacholine.
50  dyssynergic defecation
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(16 times)
ARM (6 times)
BFT (4 times)
CC (4 times)
2012 Regional colon transit in patients with dys-synergic defaecation or slow transit in patients with constipation.
51  dipole-dipole
(21 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
CSA (6 times)
ATP (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1997 NMR Relaxation Mechanisms for Backbone Carbonyl Carbons in a 13 C, 15 N-Labeled Protein
52  days in constant darkness
(20 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
LD (15 times)
FFA (2 times)
8-CPT-cAMP (1 time)
1991 Restricted feeding entrains circadian wheel-running activity rhythms of the kowari.
53  double diffusion
(20 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
CIE (4 times)
ELISA (4 times)
CF (3 times)
1975 Counterimmunoelectrophoresis as a routine mycoserological procedure.
54  Danon disease
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
LAMP2 (9 times)
XCI (3 times)
HCM (2 times)
2003 Identification of a novel LAMP2 mutation responsible for X-chromosomal dominant Danon disease.
55  diaphragmatic dysfunction
(19 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
ICU (5 times)
AECOPD (4 times)
NIV (4 times)
1995 Dyspnea in dystonia. A functional evaluation.
56  different degrees of deacetylation
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CS (2 times)
KGM (2 times)
MW (2 times)
1991 Determination of the Mark-Houwink equation for chitosans with different degrees of deacetylation.
57  dichorionic diamniotic
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
MD (10 times)
FGR (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
2003 Mode of conception, placental morphology and perinatal outcome of twin gestations.
58  data deficient
(17 times)
Plants
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
EN (2 times)
VU (2 times)
2015 Predicting the conservation status of data-deficient species.
59  dedifferentiated
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
WD (15 times)
LPS (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
1999 Biochemical uncovering of mdm2/p53 complexes in liposarcomas parallels their immunohistochemical detection.
60  delivered dose
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
FPD (8 times)
RH (4 times)
APSD (3 times)
2007 Comparison of two approaches for treating cascade impaction mass balance measurements.
61  dialysis-dependent
(17 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
CKD (9 times)
Hb (6 times)
NDD (6 times)
1999 Independent effects of residual renal function and dialysis adequacy on nutritional status and patient outcome in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
62  direct detection
(16 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
SSB (5 times)
BER (4 times)
MIMO (3 times)
2009 Semi-analytical approach for performance evaluation of direct-detection OFDM optical communication systems.
63  DIAGNOdent
(15 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
EC (2 times)
FOTI (2 times)
QLF (2 times)
2003 Performance of conventional and new methods for the detection of occlusal caries in deciduous teeth.
64  diagnostic dose
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
DDST (2 times)
EI (2 times)
GST (2 times)
2004 [ESBL-positive strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group isolated from patients at the regional hospital center in Plock (Poland)].
65  diastrophic dysplasia
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
Fin (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
1985 Lethal and non-lethal diastrophic dysplasia. A study of 14 Swedish cases.
66  dichotic digits
(14 times)
Audiology
(10 times)
CS (4 times)
FP (4 times)
APD (3 times)
1985 Release from central auditory competition in the split-brain patient.
67  dimerization domain
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ATPP (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2005 NF-kappaB RelB forms an intertwined homodimer.
68  Duodenal diverticulum
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CBD (2 times)
CT (2 times)
DU (2 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
69  dark conditions
(13 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
LD (7 times)
SCN (2 times)
CTs (1 time)
1980 Postnatal development of dopaminergic cells in the rat retina.
70  defecatory disorders
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
BET (3 times)
DRE (2 times)
FI (2 times)
2010 Significance of defecography in the diagnosis and evaluation of male patients with defecation disorders.
71  denileukin diftitox
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CTCL (5 times)
AEs (2 times)
DC (2 times)
2007 Phase II study of denileukin diftitox for previously treated indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma: final results of E1497.
72  diadinoxanthin
(13 times)
Science
(3 times)
DT (12 times)
NPQ (6 times)
DTT (2 times)
1994 Non-photochemical fluorescence quenching and the diadinoxanthin cycle in a marine diatom.
73  discriminating dose
(12 times)
Parasitology
(8 times)
AIT (2 times)
LIT (2 times)
LPT (2 times)
2001 Tests to determine LC50 and discriminating doses for macrocyclic lactones against the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus.
74  duodenal distension
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
CA (2 times)
DA (2 times)
2002 CCK1 central receptor antagonist prevented the intestinal stress symptoms in sheep.
75  dynamical decoupling
(11 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CPMG (1 time)
DGS (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
2011 Robust dynamical decoupling for quantum computing and quantum memory.
76  daily dose
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CHF (2 times)
CL (2 times)
25-OHD (1 time)
1991 Drug utilisation, supply and expenditure at Chitungwiza, Gweru, Mpilo, Parirenyatwa and United Bulawayo Hospitals in one year (1987-1988).
77  demyelinating disease
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MS (3 times)
TMEV (3 times)
MAPK (2 times)
1999 Increased urinary nitric oxide metabolites in patients with multiple sclerosis correlates with early and relapsing disease.
78  dermal dendrocytes
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ICAM-1 (2 times)
MF (2 times)
ELAM-1 (1 time)
1992 Cutaneous expression of Thy-1 in mycosis fungoides.
79  diagnostic delay
(10 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Impact of diagnostic delay in testis cancer: results of a large population-based study.
80  differential diagnosis
(10 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
ACVD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1991 [Differential diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage].
81  diffusion dialysis
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PVA (4 times)
WR (4 times)
IEC (3 times)
2013 Alkali recovery using PVA/SiO2 cation exchange membranes with different -COOH contents.
82  disintegration degree
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
WAS (3 times)
BBD (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
2010 Combined (alkaline+ultrasonic) pretreatment effect on sewage sludge disintegration.
83  double depression
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
MDD (4 times)
MD (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1991 Life course of depressive illness and characteristics of current episode in patients with double depression.
84  drug delivery
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DDS (2 times)
LFUS (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2002 Angiopeptin-eluting stents: observations in human vessels and pig coronary arteries.
85  drug dependence
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (6 times)
EAs (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1992 [Neuropsychological changes in drug addicts infected with human immunodeficiency virus].
86  Duchenne dystrophy
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IBM (3 times)
PM (3 times)
DM (2 times)
1980 Echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac abnormalities in Duchenne's dystrophy and myotonic muscular dystrophy.
87  defect depth
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
CAL (4 times)
PPD (4 times)
DW (3 times)
2011 Use of a new cross-linked collagen membrane for the treatment of peri-implant dehiscence defects: a randomised controlled double-blinded clinical trial.
88  Dercum's disease
(9 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
SAT (3 times)
MSL (2 times)
RADs (2 times)
2011 Histology of adipose tissue inflammation in Dercum's disease, obesity and normal weight controls: a case control study.
89  developmental delay without autism
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ASD (4 times)
TD (3 times)
ASDs (2 times)
2008 Repetitive and stereotyped behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders in the second year of life.
90  delayed diagnosis
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AAD (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2009 [Clinical usefulness of troponin I in acute pulmonary embolism].
91  Dent disease
(8 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (2 times)
LMWP (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
1998 Devic's neuromyelitis optica: a clinicopathological review of the literature in connection with a case showing fatal dysautonomia.
92  double differential
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SD (4 times)
CV (2 times)
iEMG (2 times)
1993 Evaluation of methods to minimize cross talk in surface electromyography.
93  dark-dark
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
LD (4 times)
AMPK (1 time)
ANO1 (1 time)
1998 A new mammalian period gene predominantly expressed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus.
94  desmethyldiazepam
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
BZD (2 times)
CL (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1976 Comparison of the pharmacokinetics of diazepam after single and subchronic doses.
95  diabetic dermopathy
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PNP (3 times)
CMAP (2 times)
DF (2 times)
2006 Is diabetic dermopathy a sign for severe neuropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus? Nerve conduction studies and symptom analysis.
96  diffeomorphic demons
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
DIR (3 times)
DM (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2010 Registration of 4D cardiac CT sequences under trajectory constraints with multichannel diffeomorphic demons.
97  dim red light
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
SCN (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1986 Entrainment of rat circadian rhythms by daily injection of melatonin depends upon the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei.
98  DNA denaturation
(7 times)
Urology
(5 times)
AOT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2001 Correlations between two markers of sperm DNA integrity, DNA denaturation and DNA fragmentation, in fertile and infertile men.
99  dried droplet
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
MALDI (3 times)
CS (1 time)
DHB (1 time)
2001 A solid sample preparation method that reduces signal suppression effects in the MALDI analysis of peptides.
100  duodenoduodenostomy
(7 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
DJ (5 times)
DA (1 time)
DGISTs (1 time)
1990 Complications associated with surgical treatment of congenital intrinsic duodenal obstruction.