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Abbreviation: DDC
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Long forms: 157

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diethyldithiocarbamate
(413 times)
Pharmacology
(99 times)
SOD (52 times)
ROS (24 times)
DA (23 times)
1955 Studies on the effect of tetraethylthiuramdisulphide (disulphiram) and of diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) on the oxygen uptake of rat brain cortex slices; with some methodological remarks.
dopa decarboxylase
(247 times)
Molecular Biology
(40 times)
TH (40 times)
DA (19 times)
PD (18 times)
1975 Biochemical evaluation of sympathetic nerve tone in essential hypertension.
3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine
(160 times)
Gastroenterology
(53 times)
WT (14 times)
MDBs (10 times)
AIA (8 times)
1975 Porphyria-inducing activity of a series of pyridine and dihydropyridine compounds. Investigation in a cell culture system.
L-DOPA decarboxylase
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
DA (5 times)
SCLC (5 times)
NE (4 times)
1982 The prognostic and biological significance of cellular heterogeneity in medullary thyroid carcinoma: a study of calcitonin, L-dopa decarboxylase, and histaminase.
distributed diffusion coefficient
(35 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(14 times)
ADC (26 times)
DWI (23 times)
ROC (11 times)
2003 Characterization of continuously distributed cortical water diffusion rates with a stretched-exponential model.
dermal dendritic cells
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LC (9 times)
DC (5 times)
APC (3 times)
1993 Characterization of dermal dendritic cells obtained from normal human skin reveals phenotypic and functionally distinctive subsets.
dideoxycytidine
(16 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
AZT (5 times)
DDI (5 times)
HIV (3 times)
1988 Quantification of dideoxycytidine in human plasma by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
duplication-degeneration-complementation
(14 times)
Biology
(6 times)
PPAR (3 times)
FABP (2 times)
PPRE (2 times)
1999 Preservation of duplicate genes by complementary, degenerative mutations.
diethyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
MB (5 times)
MBs (3 times)
MDBs (2 times)
1989 Regulation of production of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase in tissues of chick embryos. Effects of porphyrogenic agents and of haem precursors.
10  L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
L-DOPA (3 times)
DOPA (2 times)
MAO (2 times)
1988 Effects of systemic administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine to mice on tyrosine hydroxylase, L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase, dopamine beta-hydroxylase, and monoamine oxidase activities in the striatum and hypothalamus.
11  3,5-dicarbethoxy-1,4-dihydrocollidine
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ALA (3 times)
AIA (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
1976 delta-Aminolevulinate synthetases in the liver cytosol fraction and mitochondria of mice treated with allylisopropylacetamide and 3,5-dicarbethoxyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine.
12  DNA damage checkpoint
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CRYs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
2010 A role for checkpoint kinase-dependent Rad26 phosphorylation in transcription-coupled DNA repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
13  duration of disease control
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
OS (4 times)
PFS (4 times)
mCRC (3 times)
2009 Can chemotherapy be discontinued in unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer? The GERCOR OPTIMOX2 Study.
14  dorsal diencephalic conduction system
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ICSS (2 times)
LH (2 times)
DR (1 time)
2009 The habenular nuclei: a conserved asymmetric relay station in the vertebrate brain.
15  Duodenal duplication cysts
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
GI (1 time)
NKP (1 time)
2005 Duodenal duplication cyst communicating with an aberrant pancreatic duct.
16  density distribution of cells
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
MCV (1 time)
RDW (1 time)
1990 Age population distribution of erythrocytes in young and old healthy donors.
17  discrete dynamic contour
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CPS (1 time)
DWT (1 time)
FIS (1 time)
2004 Prostate segmentation algorithm using dyadic wavelet transform and discrete dynamic contour.
18  2',3'-dihydroxy-4',6'-dimethoxychalcone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Nrf2 (3 times)
gamma-GCS (2 times)
HO-1 (2 times)
2012 Isolation, identification, and biological evaluation of Nrf2-ARE activator from the leaves of green perilla (Perilla frutescens var. crispa f. viridis).
19  deck decompression chamber
(3 times)
Submarine Medicine
(2 times)
DB (2 times)
BLS (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
1994 [Saturation diving system at high altitude].
20  Defensive Driving Course
(3 times)
Accidents, Aviation
(1 time)
NZDS (1 time)
1978 Driving offenders and the defensive driving course--an archival study.
21  direct digital control
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HIV (1 time)
vvh (1 time)
1982 Direct digital control: next generation for building automation. An explanation of what direct digital control (DDC) means and how it can help control a building's consumption.
22  diverticular disease of the colons
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
1983 Clinical studies on diverticular disease of the colon.
23  dopadecarboxylase gene
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
COBL (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2002 DDC and COBL, flanking the imprinted GRB10 gene on 7p12, are biallelically expressed.
24  dystrophin-dystroglycan complex
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AQP4 (3 times)
OAPs (2 times)
alpha-DG (1 time)
2011 Evidence for a role of dystroglycan regulating the membrane architecture of astroglial endfeet.
25  Dagu Drainage Canal
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
EFs (1 time)
HBCDs (1 time)
2011 Perfluorinated compounds in Haihe River and Dagu Drainage Canal in Tianjin, China.
26  daily diary card
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
DI (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
1996 A randomised trial of low-dose/high-frequency chemotherapy as palliative treatment of poor-prognosis small-cell lung cancer: a Cancer research Campaign trial.
27  decremental direct current
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CDC (2 times)
IDC (2 times)
PDC (2 times)
2018 Comparison of constant, pulsed, incremental and decremental direct current applications on solid-liquid phase separation in oil sediments.
28  depth dose curve
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IORT (1 time)
LICs (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
2012 SU-E-T-105: The LET Dependence of Liquid Ionization Chambers (LICs) in High-LET Beams.
29  dextran-coated charcoal
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
PgR (1 time)
1980 Histochemical analyses of steroid hormone receptors in breast and prostatic carcinoma.
30  diaper dermatitis candidiasis
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2013 The efficacy and safety of sertaconazole cream (2 %) in diaper dermatitis candidiasis.
31  dipolar direct current
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
DDC CID (1 time)
IRMPD (1 time)
2011 Implementation of dipolar direct current (DDC) collision-induced dissociation in storage and transmission modes on a quadrupole/time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometer.
32  disulfiram, diethyldithocarbamate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1977 The rapid reduction of disulfiram in blood and plasma.
33  DNA-DNA crosslinks
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DPC (2 times)
DSSB (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2006 Studies on formation and repair of formaldehyde-damaged DNA by detection of DNA-protein crosslinks and DNA breaks.
34  DNA-DNA interstrand crosslinks
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
1998 Chromium-induced genotoxicity and apoptosis: relationship to chromium carcinogenesis (review).
35  dopamine-beta-hydroxylase, diethyldithiocarbamate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
alpha-MT (1 time)
POSC (1 time)
VLMO (1 time)
1977 On the role of the central noradrenergic and dopaminergic systems in the regulation of TSH secretion in the rat.
36  DOPC:DPPC:cholesterol
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
dDPPC (1 time)
Lo (1 time)
pDNA (1 time)
2005 Detection of submicron-sized raft-like domains in membranes by small-angle neutron scattering.
37  dose-deposition coefficient
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
COO (1 time)
GPUs (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2012 SU-E-T-503: IMRT Optimization Using Monte Carlo Dose Engine: The Effect of Statistical Uncertainty.
38  double duty caregiving
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2009 Development and validation of the double duty caregiving scale.
39  Dual Diagnosis Capability
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
DDE (1 time)
2007 Addiction treatment services and co-occurring disorders: the ASAM-PPC-2R taxonomy of program dual diagnosis capability.
40  Dual Drug Control
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2004 A gene expression system offering multiple levels of regulation: the Dual Drug Control (DDC) system.
41  N,N'-Didansyl-l-cystine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
LF (1 time)
MIP-Fs (1 time)
2006 Adsorption of dansylated amino acids on molecularly imprinted surfaces: a surface plasmon resonance study.
42  1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethyl-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1969 Factors affecting the induction of porphyria in the laboratory rat. Biochemical and photobiological studies using diethyl 1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-trimethyl-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate (DDC) as a porphyrogenic agent.
43  1,4-dihydro-3,5-dicarbethoxycollidine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1978 Effects of antihypertensive drugs on hepatic heme biosynthesis, and evaluation of ferrochelatase inhibitors to simplify testing of drugs for heme pathway induction.
44  2-diazo-1,3-dicarbonyl compounds
(1 time)
Chemistry, Organic
(1 time)
--- 2015 On the strong difference in reactivity of acyclic and cyclic diazodiketones with thioketones: experimental results and quantum-chemical interpretation.
45  3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine-supplemented diet
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HSP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
2018 Hsp72 protects against liver injury via attenuation of hepatocellular death, oxidative stress, and JNK signaling.
46  anti-dopa decarboxylase
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
L-dopa (1 time)
MPTP (1 time)
2012 Chronic levodopa administration followed by a washout period increased number and induced phenotypic changes in striatal dopaminergic cells in MPTP-monkeys.
47  Celsius-degree-days
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
GRR (1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2017 Life History of Parthenolecanium spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Urban Landscapes of the Southeastern United States.
48  Daily diary composites
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
GSR (1 time)
2013 Motivation and self-efficacy in the context of moderated drinking: global self-report and ecological momentary assessment.
49  daily dietary cost
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
M-HEI (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2017 Higher Dietary Cost Is Associated with Higher Diet Quality: A Cross-Sectional Study among Selected Malaysian Adults.
50  daily dose cost
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CHM (1 time)
DDDs (1 time)
DUI (1 time)
2012 Review of the use of defined daily dose concept in drug utilisation research in China.
51  daily drug consumption
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
2018 Risk factors for polypharmacy in older adults in a primary care setting: a cross-sectional study.
52  daily number of medicines that each patient used
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
2018 Risk factors for polypharmacy in older adults in a primary care setting: a cross-sectional study.
53  data driven control
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Data driven control for a class of nonlinear systems with output saturation.
54  data-driven clustering
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MEG (1 time)
MEM (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
2006 Data-driven parceling and entropic inference in MEG.
55  data-driven compensation
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Data-driven compensation for flow cytometry of solid tissues.
56  days, diethyldithiocarbamate
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Ggly (1 time)
1992 Regulation of gastrin alpha-amidation in the developing rat stomach.
57  DC freshly isolated from dermis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Bb (1 time)
BDC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1996 Human dendritic cells phagocytose and process Borrelia burgdorferi.
58  DC located in the dermis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Role of dendritic cells in benign and malignant lymphocytic infiltrates of the skin.
59  dc-dc converter
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ECB (1 time)
PB (1 time)
SSHI (1 time)
2008 Nonlinear interface between the piezoelectric harvesting structure and the modulating circuit of an energy harvester with a real storage battery.
60  DDC cDNAs from a human hepatoma cDNA library
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1992 Human dopa decarboxylase: localization to human chromosome 7p11 and characterization of hepatic cDNAs.
61  DDC rats
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CM (1 time)
PSC (1 time)
2005 Camostat, an oral trypsin inhibitor, reduces pancreatic fibrosis induced by repeated administration of a superoxide dismutase inhibitor in rats.
62  decorated liposomes containing Cu
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
PDAC (1 time)
2019 Pancreatic cancer stem cell proliferation is strongly inhibited by diethyldithiocarbamate-copper complex loaded into hyaluronic acid decorated liposomes.
63  dedifferentiated cell
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
D4H (1 time)
DXS (1 time)
2017 Enzyme Inhibitors Cause Multiple Effects on Accumulation of Monoterpene Indole Alkaloids in Catharanthus Roseus Cambial Meristematic Cell Cultures.
64  Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2018 Dedifferentiated Chondrosarcoma Demonstrating Osteosarcomatous Differentiation.
65  Defence and Citizenship
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
VC (1 time)
YAs (1 time)
2016 Vaccination coverage in French 17-year-old young adults: an assessment of mandatory and recommended vaccination statuses.
66  Deficient dwarf colony
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Dwarf colony mutants of Escherichia coli: plasmids resistant to antibiotics].
67  degenerative and dystrophic changes
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
LFPC (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2011 [Potential of combined physiobalneotherapy for the treatment of circulatory insufficiency in the vertebro-basiliar system].
68  degermed defibered corn
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MGPY (1 time)
2005 Enhancing profitability of dry mill ethanol plants: process modeling and economics of conversion of degermed defibered corn to ethanol.
69  degree-degree correlation
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
CBTs (1 time)
2009 Disassortativity of random critical branching trees.
70  dehulled degermed corn
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 The nutritional value of dehulled-degermed corn for broiler chickens and its impact on nutrient excretion.
71  Delirium Diagnostic Criteria
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
GOAT (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2004 Acute confusion following traumatic brain injury.
72  delivered dose calculation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
QA (1 time)
2012 WE-E-BRB-09: A GPU-Based Monte Carlo QA Tool for IMRT and VMAT.
73  demonstrated that Cu
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DSF (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2018 Disulfiram Copper Nanoparticles Prepared with a Stabilized Metal Ion Ligand Complex Method for Treating Drug-Resistant Prostate Cancers.
74  dendritic dermal cells
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DRC (1 time)
HRC (1 time)
IRC (1 time)
1984 In situ immunological characterization of Langerhans cells with monoclonal antibodies: comparison with other dendritic cells in skin and lymph nodes.
75  density of dermal capillaries
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DBCF (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2016 In vivo reflectance-mode confocal microscopy assessments: impact of overweight on human skin microcirculation and histomorphology.
76  density-distance-centrality
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2019 DDC-Outlier: Preventing Medication Errors Using Unsupervised Learning.
77  Department of Disease Control
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
AZI (1 time)
BH (1 time)
2018 The first year of the global Enhanced Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (EGASP) in Bangkok, Thailand, 2015-2016.
78  dermal DC subset
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2010 Revisiting the tolerogenicity of epidermal Langerhans cells.
79  description-depiction classification
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1998 On the perception of objects and their orientations.
80  desmodendric cells
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
PF (1 time)
RED (1 time)
1981 An ultrastructural study of the primary follicle in the lymph node.
81  Detroit Diesel Corporation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CO (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2001 Exhaust emissions from engines of the Detroit Diesel Corporation in transit buses: a decade of trends.
82  developmental-delay controls
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMC (1 time)
RC (1 time)
WA-RC (1 time)
1994 Interhemispheric balance patterns detected by selective phonemic dichotic laterality measures in four clinical subtypes of reading-disabled children.
83  di-dansylcystine
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1980 On the evaluation of photoreceptor properties by micro-fluorimetric measurements of fluorochrome diffusion.
84  diabetes day care clinic
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DM1 (1 time)
PAID (1 time)
2018 Reduction of HbA1c and diabetes-related distress after intervention in a diabetes day care clinic in people with type 2 diabetes but not with type 1 diabetes.
85  diabetogenic diet containing cholesterol
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
apoA-I (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2012 Apolipoprotein A-I attenuates palmitate-mediated NF-kappaB activation by reducing Toll-like receptor-4 recruitment into lipid rafts.
86  diabetogenic diet with added cholesterol
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
Tfh (1 time)
2017 STAT4 Regulates the CD8+ Regulatory T Cell/T Follicular Helper Cell Axis and Promotes Atherogenesis in Insulin-Resistant Ldlr-/- Mice.
87  Diagnosis Development Committee
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2008 Nursing diagnosis: is it time for a new definition?
88  diaminopimelate decarboxylase
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2002 Crystallization of diaminopimelate decarboxylase from Escherichia coli, a stereospecific D-amino-acid decarboxylase.
89  dice difference coefficient
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BPE (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
2018 Breast Region Segmentation being Convolutional Neural Network in Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI.
90  didansylcadaverine
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
IodoA (1 time)
MDC (1 time)
2006 Leishmania species: evidence for transglutaminase activity and its role in parasite proliferation.
91  dideoxynucleoside-type anti-HIV drugs Zalcitabine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ddI (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
NMP (1 time)
1996 Transdermal delivery of dideoxynucleoside-type anti-HIV drugs. 2. The effect of vehicle and enhancer on skin permeation.
92  diet containing 0.1% 3.5-diethoxycarbonyl-1.4-dihydrocollidine
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LPCs (1 time)
2014 Epiregulin promotes the emergence and proliferation of adult liver progenitor cells.
93  Dietary Data Collection
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1988 Comparison of a computerized and a manual method of food coding for nutrient intake studies.
94  Diethyldithiocarbamate sodium
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Preventive effect of diethyldithiocarbamate on experimental diabetes produced by dithisone and 8-oxychinoline.
95  Digital Dental Chart
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2007 Proposal for internet-based Digital Dental Chart for personal dental identification in forensics.
96  digital document camera
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 A model for a PC-based, universal-format, multimedia digitization system: moving beyond the scanner.
97  dipolar DC
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2012 Dipolar DC collisional activation in a “stretched” 3-D ion trap: the effect of higher order fields on rf-heating.
98  Direct administration of Cu
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DSF (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2018 Disulfiram Copper Nanoparticles Prepared with a Stabilized Metal Ion Ligand Complex Method for Treating Drug-Resistant Prostate Cancers.
99  direct detection camera
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2016 Performance of a direct detection camera for off-axis electron holography.
100  direct digital calculations
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PI (1 time)
2005 Construction of devices in bioartificial liver support system.