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Abbreviation: DDD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
defined daily dose
(856 times)
Drug Therapy
(190 times)
ATC (74 times)
CI (35 times)
PDD (27 times)
1980 Auditing hospital drug utilisation by means of defined daily doses per bed-day. A methodological study.
degenerative disc disease
(330 times)
Orthopedics
(129 times)
VAS (66 times)
ODI (55 times)
IVD (37 times)
0 Lumbar Discography Is Associated With Poor Return to Work Status Following Lumbar Fusion Surgery in a Workers' Compensation Setting.
dense deposit disease
(76 times)
Nephrology
(47 times)
C3GN (21 times)
MPGN (15 times)
AP (11 times)
1978 Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN type I) and dense deposit disease (DDD) in children.
daily defined doses
(73 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
AD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
NSAIDs (3 times)
1989 [A quantitative study of the consumption of antihypertensives in Management Area 5 of the ICS (Costa de Ponent). Institut Catala de la Salut].
dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane
(62 times)
Environmental Health
(48 times)
DDT (44 times)
DDE (43 times)
OCPs (9 times)
1967 The synthesis of carbon-14 and radioiodinated compounds in the dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD) series.
Dowling-Degos disease
(37 times)
Dermatology
(23 times)
GGD (6 times)
KRT5 (6 times)
RAK (5 times)
1993 Reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura: two case reports.
digital differential display
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ESTs (6 times)
RT-PCR (5 times)
EST (4 times)
2000 Cancer gene discovery using digital differential display.
Deciphering Developmental Disorders
(13 times)
Genetics, Medical
(9 times)
ID (2 times)
CDG (1 time)
CdLS (1 time)
2011 The Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) study.
difference-in-difference-in-differences
(13 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
DD (5 times)
ACA (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
2008 The price effect of hospital closures.
10  disc degenerative disease
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
NP (3 times)
AS (2 times)
LVF (2 times)
2001 Familial history, age and smoking are important risk factors for disc degeneration disease in Arabic pedigrees.
11  direct detection device
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
CCD (2 times)
CTF (2 times)
MTF (2 times)
2008 Applications of direct detection device in transmission electron microscopy.
12  Dickerson-Drew dodecamer
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
5caC (1 time)
5fC (1 time)
5hmC (1 time)
1999 Atomic-resolution crystal structures of B-DNA reveal specific influences of divalent metal ions on conformation and packing.
13  distal-dorsal difference
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RP (2 times)
SRP (2 times)
CHHF (1 time)
2008 Sparing of the thumb in Raynaud's phenomenon.
14  drug discovery and development
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
DDEP (1 time)
ENMs (1 time)
SbD (1 time)
2002 Use of genetically engineered mice in drug discovery and development: wielding Occam's razor to prune the product portfolio.
15  degrade 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
DBP (2 times)
DBH (1 time)
gamma-HCH (1 time)
2000 Transformation of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-(4-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD) by Ralstonia eutropha strain A5.
16  2,2'-dihydroxy-6,6'-dinaphthyldisulfide
(4 times)
Histocytochemistry
(3 times)
EATC (1 time)
MMTS (1 time)
PSHr (1 time)
1982 Quantitative microspectrophotometrical determination of protein thiols and disulfides with 2,2'-dihydroxy-6,6'-dinaphthyldisulfide (DDD). The variety of DDD-staining methods demonstrated on Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.
17  dihydroxy-dinaphthyl-disulfide
(4 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
SH (1 time)
1966 [On the specificity of the dihydroxy-dinaphthyl-disulfide (DDD) reaction].
18  distance-dependent dielectric
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GB (2 times)
CD (1 time)
MM/PBSA (1 time)
2002 Determination of the effective dielectric constant from the accurate solution of the Poisson equation.
19  double disc-diffusion
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ESBL (3 times)
ESBLs (1 time)
NCCLS (1 time)
2003 Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in Ireland, including a novel enzyme, TEM-102.
20  Dallas discogram description
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
1987 Dallas discogram description. A new classification of CT/discography in low-back disorders.
21  DDT and its metabolites, including 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2001 Surfactant-enhanced solubilization and anaerobic biodegradation of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethane (DDT) in contaminated soil.
22  distributed discriminative dictionary
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
mRMR (1 time)
2013 MR PROSTATE SEGMENTATION VIA DISTRIBUTED DISCRIMINATIVE DICTIONARY (DDD) LEARNING.
23  dose/1000 inhabitants during a 12-month period
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
DXP (3 times)
1998 The prevalence of dextropropoxyphene in autopsy blood samples.
24  drug delivery devices
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
DDR (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2007 Characterization of a poly-epsilon-caprolactone polymeric drug delivery device built by selective laser sintering.
25  p,p'-DDT, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DDE (3 times)
DDT (2 times)
BHC (1 time)
2005 Feathers as a nondestructive biomonitor for persistent organic pollutants.
26  2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diazadecane-2,9-dithiol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 DNA cleavage promoted by 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diazadecane-2,9-dithiol (DDD) derivatives.
27  daily dosage defined
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CP (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1994 [Adverse reactions from angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor drugs reported by the yellow card].
28  daily drug dose
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
2001 [Study on drug use in elderly outpatients in Beijing].
29  DDD as compared to VVI
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
1992 Left ventricular performance at rest and during exercise in patients with dual-chamber pacemakers.
30  DDD/Sgn
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
QTL (2 times)
2018 Quantitative trait loci that determine plasma insulin levels in F2 intercross populations produced from crosses between DDD/Sgn and C57BL/6J inbred mice.
31  dead de-epidermized dermis
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2003 Invasion of melanoma cells into dermal connective tissue in vitro: evidence for an important role of cysteine proteases.
32  delayed density-dependent
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SNV (1 time)
2004 Red environmental noise and the appearance of delayed density dependence in age-structured populations.
33  depersonalization/derealization disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
D-PTSD (1 time)
DID (1 time)
2016 Tracking Potentiating States of Dissociation: An Intensive Clinical Case Study of Sleep, Daydreaming, Mood, and Depersonalization/Derealization.
34  desorption-desorption-diffusion
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ATO (2 times)
APTES (1 time)
DDSs (1 time)
2017 Co-delivery of ibuprofen and gentamicin from nanoporous anodic titanium dioxide layers.
35  Didang decoction
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
STZ (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
AMPKalpha1 (1 time)
2016 Early Intervention of Didang Decoction on MLCK Signaling Pathways in Vascular Endothelial Cells of Type 2 Diabetic Rats.
36  digital disease detection
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SINAN (1 time)
2017 An ethical assessment model for digital disease detection technologies.
37  dimerization-and-docking domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
DNL (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2009 A new method to produce monoPEGylated dimeric cytokines shown with human interferon-alpha2b.
38  directly density-dependent
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IDD (2 times)
2010 Synthesizing mechanisms of density dependence in reef fishes: behavior, habitat configuration, and observational scale.
39  discrete dislocation dynamics
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 Unravelling the physics of size-dependent dislocation-mediated plasticity.
40  dopamine-dependent depression
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1987 [Polygraphic, clinical and therapeutic markers of dopamine-dependent depressions].
41  Drew-Dickerson dodecamer
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2016 Long-timescale dynamics of the Drew-Dickerson dodecamer.
42  WHO-ATC-defined daily doses
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
RDD (1 time)
2015 Implementing an intensified antibiotic stewardship programme targeting cephalosporin and fluoroquinolone use in a 200-bed community hospital in Germany.
43  1,7-diphenylhepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IRI (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
SDH (1 time)
2017 The protection effects of (1E,6E)-1,7-diphenylhepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione, a curcumin analogue, against operative liver injury in rats.
44  2,2'-DIHYDROXY-6,6'-DINAPHTHYL DISULPHIDE
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1963 2,2'-DIHYDROXY-6,6'-DINAPHTHYL DISULPHIDE (DDD) DIAZO BLUE B REACTIVE GRANULES IN THE PARATHYROID GLAND OF THE RAT AND TOAD.
45  B-DNA dodecamer, (d(CGCGAATTCGCG))₂
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 The phosphate clamp: a small and independent motif for nucleic acid backbone recognition.
46  d-defined doses
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2003 Antibiotic consumption, bacterial resistance and their correlation in a Swiss university hospital and its adult intensive care units.
47  Dahuang Danpi Decoction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effect of Dahuang Danpi Decoction on Lactobacillus bulgaricus growth and metabolism: In vitro study.
48  daily defined medication doses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of Telephone-Based Health Coaching for Patients with Chronic Conditions: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
49  daily doze determining methodology
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
WHO (1 time)
1999 [Anatomic-therapeutic-chemical classification of drugs].
50  Daily Drinking Diary
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
TADD (1 time)
TLFB (1 time)
2019 A comparison between two retrospective alcohol consumption measures and the daily drinking diary method with university students.
51  Daily Dynamic Discharge
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EDD (1 time)
2017 21 Daily dynamic discharge - a whole system solution to ED crowding.
52  dairy disease database
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
SBA (1 time)
2010 Validation of a national disease recording system for dairy cattle against veterinary practice records.
53  dairy industry cattle database
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2009 Comparison between dairy cow disease incidence in data registered by farmers and in data from a disease-recording system based on veterinary reporting.
54  Dali Domain Dictionary
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
HMMs (1 time)
2001 Protein structural domain parsing by consensus reasoning over multiple knowledge sources and methods.
55  Danish Depression Database
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The Danish Depression Database.
56  data-display device
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DCD (1 time)
1992 Real-time display of flow-pressure-volume loops.
57  data-driven detection
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Data-Driven Detection of Prominent Objects.
58  DDD/AMC
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVB (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
1996 Use of automatic mode change between DDD and AAI to facilitate native atrioventricular conduction in patients with sick sinus syndrome or transient atrioventricular block.
59  DDD;Qdj
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
7,8-BF (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
AHH (1 time)
1993 In vivo effect of 7,8-benzoflavone on aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity of mouse liver microsomes.
60  DDK-docking domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DDK (1 time)
MCM (1 time)
pre-IC (1 time)
2006 Cdc7-Dbf4 phosphorylates MCM proteins via a docking site-mediated mechanism to promote S phase progression.
61  deadenylation-dependent mRNA decay
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
NMD (1 time)
P-bodies (1 time)
VLPs (1 time)
2010 5' to 3' mRNA decay factors colocalize with Ty1 gag and human APOBEC3G and promote Ty1 retrotransposition.
62  Death Defying Domain
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HGF (1 time)
2014 Novel Death Defying Domain in Met entraps the active site of caspase-3 and blocks apoptosis in hepatocytes.
63  death-domain-deleted
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
KDD (1 time)
PP2A (1 time)
2013 Sphingosine analogue drug FTY720 targets I2PP2A/SET and mediates lung tumour suppression via activation of PP2A-RIPK1-dependent necroptosis.
64  deceased-directed donation
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Deceased-directed donation: Considering the ethical permissibility in a multicultural setting.
65  dechlorinated to form 1,1-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TTDB (1 time)
2004 Hydrophobic vitamin B12. Part 19: electroorganic reaction of DDT mediated by hydrophobic vitamin B12.
66  decided to implant the dual chamber pacemaker
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (Kearns-Sayre syndrome) with complete atrioventricular block: a case report.
67  defined by the WHO/ATC index
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Trends in antibiotic use at a university hospital: defined or prescribed daily doses? Patient days or admissions as denominator?
68  defined daily dose system
(1 time)
ATC (1 time)
1986 The defined daily dose system (DDD) for drug utilization review.
69  Degenerative disc degeneration
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IVD (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2018 Biomechanics in Annulus Fibrosus Degeneration and Regeneration.
70  degenerative disc discopathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Clinical and radiological outcomes after stand-alone ALIF for single L5-S1 degenerative discopathy using a PEEK cage filled with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles without bone graft.
71  degree atrioventricular block treated with dual chamber pacemakers
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1988 A comparison of sympathoadrenal activity and cardiac performance at rest and during exercise in patients with ventricular demand or atrial synchronous pacing.
72  delay-difference device
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
SAW (1 time)
1989 Continuous-wave surface-acoustic-wave delay-difference device.
73  delayed division delay
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
GI (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2004 Lethal sectoring, genomic instability, and delayed division delay in HeLa S3 cells surviving alpha- or X-irradiation.
74  delayed double dose
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Neuro-AIDS: a multicenter neuroradiological study].
75  delirium-dementia-depression
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CRNs (1 time)
2008 Insights about the process and impact of implementing nursing guidelines on delivery of care in hospitals and community settings.
76  delta dipole density
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Aberrant cortical functionality and somatosensory deficits after stroke.
77  describes the acute and chronic effects of dual-chamber
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HOCM (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1999 Dual-chamber pacing in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: a comparison of acute and chronic effects.
78  Design Description Document
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DNB (1 time)
ITER (1 time)
2010 Physics design of a 100 keV acceleration grid system for the diagnostic neutral beam for international tokamak experimental reactor.
79  detected and permanent pacemaker
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1989 [A case of infective endocarditis with the mycotic aortic valve aneurysm].
80  determine whether elderly patients gain significant benefit from dual-chamber
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 DDD vs. VVI pacing in patients aged over 75 years with complete heart block: a double-blind crossover comparison.
81  determined during atrial pacing
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1996 Exercise induced sympathetic influences do not change interatrial conduction times in VDD and DDD pacing.
82  Develop-Distort Dilemma
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2012 Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.
83  developed a pacing bigeminal method using a commercially available dual-chamber
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
2016 "Pacing Bigeminal".
84  developed episodes of asystole requiring implantation of a dual chamber
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2001 Bilateral extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in a spinal cord injury patient with a cardiac pacemaker.
85  developmental delay or disability
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
CMS-EIP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 A population-based study of the effects of birth weight on early developmental delay or disability in children.
86  Dextran with dextrose & without sodium
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1958 [Dextran with dextrose & without sodium (DDD)].
87  DHFR degradation domain
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ecDHFR (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2015 Inducible suicide vector systems for Trypanosoma cruzi.
88  Diabetes and Depression
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2012 The Dialogue on Diabetes and Depression (DDD): Origins and achievements.
89  dieldrin and 2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BHC (1 time)
OCPs (1 time)
2008 Mixed liquids for single-drop microextraction of organochlorine pesticides in vegetables.
90  diethyldithiocarbonate disulfide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PADS (1 time)
2003 Solid phase synthesis of phosphorothioate oligonucleotides utilizing diethyldithiocarbonate disulfide (DDD) as an efficient sulfur transfer reagent.
91  Diethyldithiodicarbonate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PADS (1 time)
2003 Solid phase synthesis of phosphorothioate oligonucleotides utilizing diethyldithiocarbonate disulfide (DDD) as an efficient sulfur transfer reagent.
92  differences in testis weight among DH, DH-Chr Y
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Genetic dissection of testis weight in a mouse strain having an extremely large testis: major testis weight determinants are autosomal rather than Y-linked on the basis of comprehensive analyses in Y-chromosome consomic strains.
93  differential digital display
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
RP (1 time)
2003 In silico analysis indicates a similar gene expression pattern between human brain and testis.
94  diffuser dot density
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BLM (1 time)
2016 Fast optimization method based on the diffuser dot density for uniformity of the backlight module.
95  dioxydinaphtildisulphyde
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
2001 [The iodination degree of the thyroid gland colloid as the index of work performance].
96  Dipeptidyl peptidase IV
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
TGN (1 time)
1994 Golgi retardation in Madin-Darby canine kidney and Chinese hamster ovary cells of a transmembrane chimera of two surface proteins.
97  dipole-dipole-dipole
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2012 The long-range non-additive three-body dispersion interactions for the rare gases, alkali, and alkaline-earth atoms.
98  direct digital detector
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Dose-image optimisation in digital radiology with a direct digital detector: an example applied to pelvic examinations.
99  Direct DNA Damaging
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
IDD (1 time)
1999 Distinct responses of a recA::luxCDABE Escherichia coli strain to direct and indirect DNA damaging agents.
100  direction-dependent disparity tuning
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MSTd (1 time)
VIP (1 time)
2011 Binocular disparity tuning and visual-vestibular congruency of multisensory neurons in macaque parietal cortex.