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Abbreviation: DDR
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Long forms: 103

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
DNA damage response
(1672 times)
Neoplasms
(354 times)
DSBs (165 times)
ATM (163 times)
IR (106 times)
1986 Transcriptional regulation of DNA damage responsive (DDR) genes in different rad mutant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
DNA damage repair
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
HR (10 times)
NHEJ (7 times)
DSBs (5 times)
2009 Telomere length, telomeric proteins and DNA damage repair proteins are differentially expressed between primary lung tumors and their adrenal metastases.
discoidin domain receptor
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ECM (5 times)
MMP (4 times)
CSF-1R (3 times)
1993 A receptor tyrosine kinase found in breast carcinoma cells has an extracellular discoidin I-like domain.
direct digital radiography
(28 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CR (5 times)
AEC (2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
1995 [The diagnosis of bone lesions with conventional x-ray images and with a direct digital procedure (RVG). An in-vitro study. RadioVisioGraphy].
Dance Dance Revolution
(26 times)
Play and Playthings
(7 times)
PA (7 times)
MVPA (6 times)
BMI (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of the energy cost of playing a dance simulation video game in overweight and non-overweight children and adolescents.
disc displacement with reduction
(22 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
TMJ (11 times)
DDNR (10 times)
MRI (6 times)
1996 The relationship between cervical whiplash and temporomandibular joint injuries: an MRI study.
distal dural ring
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ICA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2004 The paraclinoid aneurysms and the distal dural ring: a new classification.
dead donor rule
(6 times)
Ethics
(6 times)
DCD (2 times)
DCDD (1 time)
2010 The dead donor rule: can it withstand critical scrutiny?
diastolic descent rate
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
APH (1 time)
ASH (1 time)
1977 Significance of echocardiographic evaluation on surgery to mitral stenosis.
10  disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration
(6 times)
Disaster Medicine
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
ICCS (1 time)
2006 Does money work? Cash transfers to ex-combatants in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration processes.
11  DNA damage response and repair
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MSK-IMPACT (2 times)
PPIs (1 time)
RECIST (1 time)
2016 Linking DNA Damage and Hormone Signaling Pathways in Cancer.
12  dual delayed release
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PK (2 times)
PPIs (2 times)
EMs (1 time)
2009 Clinical trial: the effect and timing of food on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dexlansoprazole MR, a novel Dual Delayed Release formulation of a proton pump inhibitor--evidence for dosing flexibility.
13  diastolic depolarization rate
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
beta-AR (1 time)
CaMKII (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2000 Role of the input/output relation of sinoatrial myocytes in cholinergic modulation of heart rate variability.
14  displaced disc with reduction
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DDNR (3 times)
SF (3 times)
OA (2 times)
1987 The spectral properties of temporomandibular joint sounds.
15  DNA damage response pathway
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
DSBs (1 time)
NHEJ (1 time)
2012 ATM and DNA-PKcs make a complementary couple in DNA double strand break repair.
16  D-dependent rickets
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1986 Rapid diagnosis of vitamin D-dependent rickets type II by use of phytohemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes.
17  depth of deposit removal
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IAE (2 times)
1998 Laboratory evaluations of three dentifrices with polishing or brushing.
18  diol dehydratase-reactivating factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DD (1 time)
GDR (1 time)
2005 Release of a damaged cofactor from a coenzyme B12-dependent enzyme: X-ray structures of diol dehydratase-reactivating factor.
19  distance dependent resolution
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
FDR (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
1998 Comparison of frequency-distance relationship and Gaussian-diffusion-based methods of compensation for distance-dependent spatial resolution in SPECT imaging.
20  DNA damage checkpoint response
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
OIS (2 times)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
PICS (1 time)
2006 Oncogene-induced senescence is a DNA damage response triggered by DNA hyper-replication.
21  DNA damage response system
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NHEJ (2 times)
BER (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2011 Databases and bioinformatics tools for the study of DNA repair.
22  DD with reduction
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TMJ (2 times)
BN (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2000 Magnetic resonance imaging-based joint space measurements in temporomandibular joints with disk displacements and in controls.
23  defect depth reduction
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (2 times)
SRP (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
2017 1.2% Rosuvastatin and 1.2% Atorvastatin Gel Local Drug Delivery and Redelivery in the Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.
24  Dementia Disability Rating
(2 times)
Neuropsychology
(1 time)
CDNOS (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
FTD (1 time)
2011 Estimating severity of illness and disability in Frontotemporal Dementia: Preliminary analysis of the Dementia Disability Rating (DDR).
25  desaturation-distance ratio
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2014 Application of a new parameter in the 6-minute walk test for manifold analysis of exercise capacity in patients with COPD.
26  diagnosis, development and research
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
GVHD (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2016 Measurement of extracellular vesicles as biomarkers of consequences or cause complications of pathological states, and prognosis of both evolution and therapeutic safety/efficacy.
27  diastolic descent rate of the anterior mitral leaflet
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MS (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
1984 [Non-invasive estimation of transmitral pressure gradient and mitral valve area in mitral stenosis by an ultrasonic pulsed Doppler technique].
28  diastolic descent rate of the mitral valve
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EF (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
IVS (1 time)
1976 Echocardiographic study on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
29  disposition decomposition-recomposition
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DDA (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
PK (1 time)
1998 Correction for non-ideal tracer pharmacokinetic disposition by disposition decomposition analysis (DDA).
30  distance-decay relationship
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TAR (1 time)
2014 Bacterial taxa-area and distance-decay relationships in marine environments.
31  DNA damage and repair response
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IPA (1 time)
2016 Dual mTORC1/2 Inhibition as a Novel Strategy for the Resensitization and Treatment of Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer.
32  DNA damage regulon
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
RDRM (1 time)
RNAP (1 time)
TSS (1 time)
1998 RAD9 and RAD24 define two additive, interacting branches of the DNA damage checkpoint pathway in budding yeast normally required for Rad53 modification and activation.
33  DNA damage response machinery
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CUR (1 time)
DSB (1 time)
ETP (1 time)
2012 Antagonism between curcumin and the topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide: a study of DNA damage, cell cycle regulation and death pathways.
34  DNA duplex region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HDR (2 times)
OKA (2 times)
JR (1 time)
1999 Effect of cytarabine on the NMR structure of a model okazaki fragment from the SV40 genome.
35  dual-disk ring
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FOM (2 times)
CR (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2011 Fano resonance in dual-disk ring plasmonic nanostructures.
36  Dagu Drainage River
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDR (1 time)
RQ (1 time)
YDXR (1 time)
2018 Distribution and potential ecological risk of 50 phenolic compounds in three rivers in Tianjin, China.
37  daily dosing of rasburicase
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
SDR (1 time)
TLS (1 time)
UA (1 time)
2013 Efficacy and cost of single-dose rasburicase in prevention and treatment of adult tumour lysis syndrome: a meta-analysis.
38  deacetylation and disk refining
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MESP (1 time)
MSSP (1 time)
NREL (1 time)
2015 Techno-economic analysis of the deacetylation and disk refining process: characterizing the effect of refining energy and enzyme usage on minimum sugar selling price and minimum ethanol selling price.
39  death, disability, and retirement
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2000 How your "free" tail liability policy is funded.
40  deceased donor recipients
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2014 Health literacy of living kidney donors and kidney transplant recipients.
41  defender dominance region
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
2018 Reach-Avoid Games With Two Defenders and One Attacker: An Analytical Approach.
42  defined region of Berlin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1989 [The incidence of the secondary failure of sulfonylurea therapy. Epidemiological research].
43  deformed drop retraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
2004 CFD evaluation of drop retraction methods for the measurement of interfacial tension of surfactant-laden drops.
44  delayed diaphragmatic rupture
(1 time)
DDDR (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2016 Does a Negative Emergency Celiotomy Exclude the Possibility of Significant Diaphragmatic Injury? A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
45  delayed digit recall
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
TOT (1 time)
1985 Divided attention in brain-injured patients.
46  dementia diagnosis rate
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
CCGs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2014 Understanding the dementia diagnosis gap in Norfolk and Suffolk: a survey of general practitioners.
47  density-dependent regulation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Gene flow across a hybrid zone maintained by a weak heterogametic incompatibility and positive selection of incompatible alleles.
48  density-dependent regulation of growth
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Density-dependent regulation of growth in somatic hybrids between normal Chinese hamster fibroblasts and V79-8 (G1-) cells.
49  density-distance relationship
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CMRR (1 time)
2014 Environmentally Dependent Density-Distance Relationship of Dispersing Culex tarsalis in a Southern California Desert Region.
50  dental deanery representative
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DS (1 time)
FDP (1 time)
2014 Preparedness of dental graduates for foundation training: a qualitative study.
51  Despite randomization, participants in the treatment
(1 time)
Play and Playthings
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Comparative Effectiveness of a 12-Week Physical Activity Intervention for Overweight and Obese Youth: Exergaming with "Dance Dance Revolution".
52  Deutsche Demokratische Republik
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
IAAF (1 time)
2009 Steroid analysis and doping control 1960-1980: scientific developments and personal anecdotes.
53  developmental delay at risk
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BSID-III (1 time)
2012 Inattention and development of toddlers born in preterm and with low birth weight.
54  diastolic dysfunction ratio
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
Ao-VTI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 [Relationship between systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle in patients with impaired relaxation of the left ventricle without symptoms of heart failure. Attempt at quantitative estimation of diastolic function in the impaired relaxation stage].
55  dicistronic dual-reporter HCV replicon cell line
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
DSR (1 time)
Fluc (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2007 Development of a novel dicistronic reporter-selectable hepatitis C virus replicon suitable for high-throughput inhibitor screening.
56  dielectric disk resonator
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Effect of random surface inhomogeneities on spectral properties of dielectric-disk microresonators: theory and modeling at millimeter wave range.
57  differential deficit ratio
(1 time)
Health Education
(1 time)
--- 1986 Socio-economic factors influencing the health status of black americans.
58  differentially down-regulated
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
DUR (1 time)
YFV (1 time)
2011 Alterations in the Aedes aegypti transcriptome during infection with West Nile, dengue and yellow fever viruses.
59  diffusion-driven release
(1 time)
DDD (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
HFHP (1 time)
2017 Hydrodynamically-driven drug release during interstitial flow through hollow fibers implanted near lymphatics.
60  digital dental radiography
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CR (1 time)
VRFs (1 time)
2011 Conventional and digital radiography in vertical root fracture diagnosis: a comparison study.
61  digital radiograph imaging system
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Canal length evaluation of curved canals by direct digital or conventional radiography.
62  digital radiographic method
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 An in vivo evaluation of different methods of working length determination.
63  digital radiography of the chest
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
US (1 time)
2010 The possibilities and limitations of direct digital radiography, ultrasound and computed tomography in diagnosing pleural mesotelioma.
64  direct discharge rates
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMU (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2008 Improving continuity of care in an acute medical unit: initial outcomes.
65  distal diameter reductions
(1 time)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
BDR (1 time)
US (1 time)
2005 Are we undertreating carotid stenoses diagnosed by ultrasound alone?
66  distant disease recurrence
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
IBC (1 time)
2010 Audit of local recurrence following breast conservation surgery with 5-mm target margin and hypofractionated 40-Gray breast radiotherapy for invasive breast cancer.
67  Distributed Dictionary Representations
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 Dictionaries and distributions: Combining expert knowledge and large scale textual data content analysis : Distributed dictionary representation.
68  diverticulum detection rate
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
FUSE (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2016 Feasibility of full-spectrum endoscopy: Korea's first full-spectrum endoscopy colonoscopic trial.
69  Diving Data Recorder
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DCS (1 time)
1989 [Diving profiles and work loads of fishermen's "Oikomi Gyoho" diving].
70  DNA damage reaction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 DNA Repair--A Double-Edged Sword in the Genomic Stability of Cancer Cells--The Case of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
71  DNA damage related
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DSB (1 time)
NER (1 time)
2011 UV-induced histone H2AX phosphorylation and DNA damage related proteins accumulate and persist in nucleotide excision repair-deficient XP-B cells.
72  DNA Damage Repair and Response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Recombination proteins and telomere stability in plants.
73  DNA Damage Repair Machinery
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
2016 Role of DNA repair machinery and p53 in the testicular germ cell cancer: a review.
74  DNA damage response proteins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Cross talk of tyrosine kinases with the DNA damage signaling pathways.
75  DNA damage signaling and repair
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DSB (1 time)
FAK (1 time)
GISTs (1 time)
2017 A Novel Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Switch Promotes Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Drug Resistance.
76  DNA Double-Strand Break Response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
2017 Taming Tricky DSBs: ATM on duty.
77  DNA doublestrand repair
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
CHEK2 (1 time)
gammaH2AFX (1 time)
2018 Expression of DNA doublestrand repair proteins in oral leukoplakia and the risk of malignant transformation.
78  DNA DSB response
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2014 Fine-tuning of DNA damage-dependent ubiquitination by OTUB2 supports the DNA repair pathway choice.
79  DNA-damage-repair-response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Circulating nucleic acids damage DNA of healthy cells by integrating into their genomes.
80  DNA-DSB repair
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DSB (1 time)
HSPCs (1 time)
2018 A Versatile Tool for the Quantification of CRISPR/Cas9-Induced Genome Editing Events in Human Hematopoietic Cell Lines and Hematopoietic Stem/Progenitor Cells.
81  dominant discharge region
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
1990 Horizontal Interactions in Cat Striate Cortex: III. Ectopic Receptive Fields and Transient Exuberance of Tangential Interactions.
82  donor designation rate
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DDS (1 time)
OPO (1 time)
TDD (1 time)
2016 Leading Efforts to Increase Organ Donation Through Professionalization of Organ Procurement Organizations and Establishment of Organ and Tissue Donor Registries.
83  dose delay/reduction
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2016 The effect of chemotherapy-induced anemia on dose reduction and dose delay.
84  dose domain regularized
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DMS (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2015 Dose domain regularization of MLC leaf patterns for highly complex IMRT plans.
85  Dot by Dot Reconstruction
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2013 Hard x-ray tomographic studies of the destruction of an energetic electron ring.
86  double dose rituximab
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ITP (1 time)
R-CVP (1 time)
2009 Repeated courses of rituximab in chronic ITP: Three different regimens.
87  double-drift region
(1 time)
IMPATT (1 time)
L-S (1 time)
mm-wave (1 time)
2015 IMPATT Diodes Based on 〈111〉, 〈100〉, and 〈110〉 Oriented GaAs: A Comparative Study to Search the Best Orientation for Millimeter-Wave Atmospheric Windows.
88  Double-Strand Break Repair
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
MDC1 (1 time)
2014 A Newfound association between MDC1 functional polymorphism and lung cancer risk in Chinese.
89  Douro Demarcated Region
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 The terroir of Port wine: Two hundred and sixty years of history.
90  downregulated discoidin receptor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2008 Prostate cancer antigen-1 contributes to cell survival and invasion though discoidin receptor 1 in human prostate cancer.
91  downstream damage response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DSB (1 time)
NHEJ (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 Complex cisplatin-double strand break (DSB) lesions directly impair cellular non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) independent of downstream damage response (DDR) pathways.
92  driven discharge rate
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
SGNs (1 time)
2003 Carboplatin-induced early cochlear lesion in chinchillas.
93  drug delivery rate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
DD (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2016 Combinations of colistin solutions and nebulisers for lung infection management in cystic fibrosis patients.
94  drug demand reduction
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
NGOs (1 time)
2004 Responding to substance use problems in Nigeria: the role of civil society organizations.
95  drug discontinuation rates
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SAE (1 time)
2016 Missed bleeding events after ticagrelor in PEGASUS trial: Massive non-compliance, information censoring, or both?
96  drug dose response
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATRT (1 time)
2015 Wnt pathway in atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors.
97  DTPA disappearance rate
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
NEs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1996 Renal function remains after unilateral total and contralateral partial nephrectomy: an experimental study in pigs using 99mTc-DTPA.
98  dual drug-resistant
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
2018 Antibiotic Resistance Characterization of Environmental E. coli Isolated from River Mula-Mutha, Pune District, India.
99  Duct-to-duct reconstruction
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
cDDRs (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
TTR (1 time)
2010 Tailored telescopic reconstruction of the bile duct in living donor liver transplantation.
100  dysplasia detection rate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
GSTT (1 time)
2017 Dedicated Barrett's surveillance sessions managed by trained endoscopists improve dysplasia detection rate.