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Abbreviation: DE
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Long forms: 660

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
differentially expressed
(848 times)
Genetics
(112 times)
GO (51 times)
miRNAs (46 times)
lncRNAs (31 times)
1994 Analysis of an iterative difference equation model of the cardiac cell membrane.
diesel exhaust
(231 times)
Toxicology
(102 times)
PM (26 times)
DEP (24 times)
FA (23 times)
1981 Ultrastructure and morphometry of the alveolar lung of guinea pigs chronically exposed to diesel engine exhaust: six month's experience.
digestible energy
(206 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(102 times)
ME (61 times)
DM (46 times)
CP (32 times)
1975 Maintenance requirements for energy in cross-bred cattle.
dual-energy
(156 times)
Radiology
(83 times)
CT (41 times)
SE (30 times)
CNR (22 times)
1987 Single and dual energy tomographic analysis of spinal trabecular bone: a comparative study in normal and osteoporotic women.
dry eye
(131 times)
Ophthalmology
(89 times)
TBUT (11 times)
BUT (8 times)
OSDI (8 times)
2004 An in vivo confocal masked study on corneal epithelium and subbasal nerves in patients with dry eye.
delayed enhancement
(124 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
CMR (39 times)
MI (28 times)
LV (24 times)
2003 Quantitative clinical assessment of chronic anterior myocardial infarction with delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging and QRS scoring.
definitive endoderm
(115 times)
Cell Biology
(47 times)
hESCs (28 times)
ES (9 times)
hESC (9 times)
2007 Activin a efficiently specifies definitive endoderm from human embryonic stem cells only when phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling is suppressed.
dissolution efficiency
(104 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
MDT (12 times)
DSC (7 times)
Re (7 times)
1986 Quantitation in positron emission computed tomography: 7. A technique to reduce noise in accidental coincidence measurements and coincidence efficiency calibration.
degree of esterification
(85 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
MW (10 times)
RSM (5 times)
GalA (4 times)
1982 Effect of pectin structure on protein utilization by growing rats.
10  diatomaceous earth
(77 times)
Zoology
(25 times)
PLE (4 times)
FC (3 times)
ICP-OES (3 times)
1993 Diffusion and reaction within porous packing media: a phenomenological model.
11  Doppler echocardiography
(72 times)
Cardiology
(32 times)
LV (11 times)
RHC (11 times)
PH (10 times)
1985 Doppler versus contrast echocardiography for diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation.
12  disordered eating
(68 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
BMI (8 times)
EDE-Q (8 times)
NSSI (6 times)
2003 Disordered eating and substance use in an epidemiological sample: II. Associations within families.
13  dabigatran etexilate
(60 times)
Vascular Diseases
(16 times)
NVAF (8 times)
AF (7 times)
VTE (7 times)
2011 Pharmacoeconomics of dabigatran etexilate for prevention of thromboembolism after joint replacement surgery.
14  dobutamine echocardiography
(54 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
AMI (10 times)
CAD (9 times)
LV (9 times)
1993 Low-dose dobutamine echocardiography detects reversible dysfunction after thrombolytic therapy of acute myocardial infarction.
15  dyscirculatory encephalopathy
(39 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
MS (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
1986 [Status of cerebral and central hemodynamics in patients with dyscirculatory encephalopathy].
16  dextrose equivalent
(35 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
EPMEs (3 times)
MD (3 times)
aw (1 time)
1967 Fermentability of corn syrups with different dextrose equivalents added to various grape juices.
17  diabetic encephalopathy
(34 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
STZ (6 times)
NF-kappaB (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1980 EEG in dialysis encephalopathy.
18  diet and exercise
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
CE (6 times)
DS (6 times)
CS (3 times)
1986 The effects of aerobic conditioning and/or caloric restriction in overweight men and women.
19  distance education
(29 times)
Education
(10 times)
CHD (2 times)
DL (2 times)
ITV (2 times)
1998 Evaluation of a national and international distance education program in clinical epidemiology (691).
20  dermal equivalent
(26 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
SE (7 times)
bSE (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1986 Transfer of melanosomes in a skin equivalent model in vitro.
21  delayed ejaculation
(25 times)
Urology
(9 times)
PE (8 times)
AE (4 times)
IELT (4 times)
2005 Multicenter study on the prevalence of sexual symptoms in male hypo- and hyperthyroid patients.
22  distal embolization
(24 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
PCI (8 times)
CI (3 times)
PPCI (3 times)
1999 Risk of distal embolization and infarction with transluminal extraction atherectomy in saphenous vein grafts and native coronary arteries. NACI Investigators. New Approaches to Coronary Interventions.
23  delta efficiency
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
GE (9 times)
NE (3 times)
EC (2 times)
1992 Cycling efficiency is related to the percentage of type I muscle fibers.
24  dental erosion
(19 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
GERD (6 times)
AMELX (1 time)
BEWE (1 time)
2007 [Dental erosion and gastro-esophageal reflux disease].
25  delayed extraction
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
PIR (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
AHP (2 times)
1991 Electrophysiological properties of neurons within the nucleus ambiguus of adult guinea pigs.
26  delayed-early
(15 times)
Virology
(13 times)
IE (11 times)
CAT (2 times)
HSV (2 times)
1975 Synthesis of functional bacteriophage T4-delayed early mRNA in the absence of protein synthesis.
27  double emulsion
(15 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
NP (4 times)
BSA (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1993 Radiographic, epidemiologic, and clinical aspects of simultaneous pleural and peritoneal effusions in dogs and cats: 48 cases (1982-1991).
28  Dens evaginatus
(14 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
DI (4 times)
CBCT (1 time)
MTA (1 time)
1995 Dens evaginatus in a Chilean population.
29  digestible
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
ME (14 times)
NE (4 times)
SID (4 times)
1993 The energy value for and nutritive value of para-rubber seed for rats.
30  diffusion equation
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
DOT (2 times)
FEM (2 times)
MC (2 times)
2000 Accuracy of the diffusion equation to describe photon migration through an infinite medium: numerical and experimental investigation.
31  diol epoxide
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PAHs (4 times)
a,l (3 times)
BP (3 times)
1983 Modulation of microsomal benzo[a]pyrene metabolism by DNA.
32  distal enhancer
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
PE (7 times)
dpc (1 time)
EpiSCs (1 time)
2001 Comparative analysis of human, bovine, and murine Oct-4 upstream promoter sequences.
33  diphenyl ether
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
DF (3 times)
PBDEs (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
2001 Bacterial degradation of aromatic compounds via angular dioxygenation.
34  dose equivalent
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of 133Xe radiation exposure dosimetry for workers in nuclear medicine laboratories.
35  delayed contrast enhancement
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
MI (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
2003 First-pass myocardial perfusion defect and delayed contrast enhancement in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy assessed with MRI.
36  dose escalation
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
SU (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
2010 Strategies for nevirapine initiation in HIV-infected children taking pediatric fixed-dose combination "baby pills" in Zambia: a randomized controlled trial.
37  deep endometriosis
(10 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
CONSORT (1 time)
2013 Deep endometriosis and bladder and detrusor functions in women without urinary symptoms: a pilot study through an unexplored world.
38  delayed-enhanced
(10 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
LAD (2 times)
LV (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2008 Intracoronary injection of contrast media maps the territory of the coronary artery: an MRI technique for assessing the effects of locally delivered angiogenic therapies.
39  diagnostic efficiency
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALP-BI (1 time)
anti-dsDNA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1988 Biochemical prediction of response of bone metastases to treatment.
40  diaphragmatic excursion
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AUC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
DTF (2 times)
2000 [Diaphragmatic excursion after inter-sternocleidomastoid block depending on the site of the injection].
41  dielectric elastomer
(10 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
EVA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2008 Dielectric elastomers as actuators for upper limb prosthetics: challenges and opportunities.
42  diethyl ether
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EA (2 times)
1,1-DCE (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1981 [Increase in the cAMP content of mouse brain cells in ischemia and inhibition of this effect by certain biologically active compounds].
43  diesel engine exhaust
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
PM (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
COX (1 time)
1994 Toxicological and epidemiological evidence for health risks from inhaled engine emissions.
44  direct examination
(9 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BAL (2 times)
GM (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
1994 Diagnostic value of direct examination of the protected specimen brush in ventilator-associated pneumonia.
45  dominant eye
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
NDE (4 times)
add (1 time)
ARMF (1 time)
2008 Effects of ocular dominance on the vertical vergence induced by a 2-diopter vertical prism during standing.
46  dark exposure
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MD (2 times)
FF (1 time)
LGN (1 time)
2011 Developmental switch in the polarity of experience-dependent synaptic changes in layer 6 of mouse visual cortex.
47  delayed encephalopathy
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CO (5 times)
CSF (2 times)
AFE (1 time)
2007 [Can magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in the acute phase of carbon monoxide intoxication forecast delayed encephalopathy?].
48  directed evolution
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
MLF (2 times)
FLs (1 time)
GAs (1 time)
2009 In silico modelling of directed evolution: Implications for experimental design and stepwise evolution.
49  depressive episode
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
PBS (2 times)
SD (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
1990 Multiplicity of depressive episodes: phenomenological and neuroendocrine correlates.
50  diabetes education
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2011 [Improvement of control in subjects with type 2 diabetes after a joint intervention: diabetes education and physical activity].
51  dienestrol
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DES (7 times)
HEX (7 times)
pCEC (2 times)
1984 [Diethylstilbestrol in urine of slaughtered cattle].
52  double-exchange
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
CMR (2 times)
FM (2 times)
MI (2 times)
2000 Magnetoresistance of ferromagnetic tunnel junctions in the double-exchange model
53  dry emulsion
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CsA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2006 Improvement of bioavailability and photostability of amlodipine using redispersible dry emulsion.
54  dynamic exercise
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HR (5 times)
DBP (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1988 The use of isometric exercise as a means of evaluating the parasympathetic contribution to the tachycardia induced by dynamic exercise in normal man.
55  daidzein
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
EQ (4 times)
GE (2 times)
COM (1 time)
1998 Analysis of phytoestrogens and polyphenols in plasma, tissue, and urine using HPLC with coulometric array detection.
56  dermal-epidermal
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
ImR-LPP (1 time)
LE (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1977 Unusual variant of lupus erythematosus or lichen planus. Clinical, histopathologic, and immunofluorescent studies.
57  dexamethasone
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BE (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1994 Evidence of specificity in the action of angiogenesis antagonists.
58  diestrus
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PE (6 times)
ME (2 times)
DAH (1 time)
1983 Morphine suppresses the proestrous surge of GnrH in pituitary portal plasma of rats.
59  distal element
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
gsc (3 times)
TGF-beta (2 times)
BEN (1 time)
1995 Molecular mechanisms of Spemann's organizer formation: conserved growth factor synergy between Xenopus and mouse.
60  dome epithelium
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
GALT (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1982 Changes in gut-associated lymphoid tissues of the small intestine of eight-week-old pigs infected with transmissible gastroenteritis virus.
61  dural ectasia
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MFS (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1999 Widening of the spinal canal and dural ectasia in Marfan's syndrome: assessment by CT.
62  during-exercise
(6 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
AE (6 times)
BE (6 times)
CF (3 times)
2006 Allium vegetable diet can reduce the exercise-induced oxidative stress but does not alter plasma cholesterol profile in rats.
63  Definite
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DY (5 times)
CH (3 times)
DU (3 times)
2004 Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a function of the method of light activation.
64  degree
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CL (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1996 Expression of Escherichia coli branching enzyme in tubers of amylose-free transgenic potato leads to an increased branching degree of the amylopectin.
65  Delaware
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
NJ (2 times)
DC (1 time)
2001 Update: Investigation of bioterrorism-related anthrax, 2001.
66  dental emergency
(5 times)
Military Medicine
(5 times)
BCT (1 time)
CDA (1 time)
CONUS (1 time)
2008 A statistical method to evaluate dental classification systems used by military dental services.
67  depression
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
CTR (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
2000 Increased CSF levels of nerve growth factor in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
68  design effect
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ICC (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Estimating design effect and calculating sample size for respondent-driven sampling studies of injection drug users in the United States.
69  diaphragmatic eventration
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BH (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CXR (1 time)
1987 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia and eventration.
70  diazoxide
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
5-HD (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
RPP (2 times)
2006 Cardiac protection by mitoKATP channels is dependent on Akt translocation from cytosol to mitochondria during late preconditioning.
71  diet and exercise group
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DO (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
1987 Does exercise give an additional effect in weight reduction regimens?
72  directed-energy
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AO (1 time)
EM (1 time)
FSO (1 time)
2010 Handheld directed energy sensor for environmental monitoring and clinician safety.
73  double exponential
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BT (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2004 Adsorption of gases and vapors on nanoporous Ni2(4,4'-Bipyridine)3(NO3)4 metal-organic framework materials templated with methanol and ethanol: structural effects in adsorption kinetics.
74  drought escape
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ABA (2 times)
FT (2 times)
GI (2 times)
2010 Simultaneously improving yield under drought stress and non-stress conditions: a case study of rice (Oryza sativa L.).
75  dust extract
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
IFN (1 time)
IL (1 time)
PGN (1 time)
2009 Intranasal organic dust exposure-induced airway adaptation response marked by persistent lung inflammation and pathology in mice.
76  dark energy
(4 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BAO (1 time)
GW (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2013 Topology and dark energy: testing gravity in voids.
77  defocus equivalent
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
SE (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2006 Repeatability (test-retest variability) of refractive error measurement in clinical settings.
78  delayed emesis
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NK-1 (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2001 Cisapride and dexamethasone in the prevention of delayed emesis after cisplatin administration.
79  delocalization error
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HOMO (1 time)
IP (1 time)
KS (1 time)
2013 Longest-Wavelength Electronic Excitations of Linear Cyanines: The Role of Electron Delocalization and of Approximations in Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory.
80  deltoid
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ASR (1 time)
BB (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1998 Postural adjustments accompanying fast pointing movements in standing, sitting and lying adults.
81  deprived eye
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
MD (4 times)
VEPs (2 times)
AME (1 time)
1982 Visual field deficits in cats reared with unequal alternating monocular exposure.
82  dermatitis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
SU (3 times)
WL (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2001 Surfactant protein D (SP-D) and systemic scleroderma (SSc).
83  desethyl atrazine
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DIP (4 times)
ATR (2 times)
ATZ (2 times)
2008 Alteration of dopamine uptake into rat striatal vesicles and synaptosomes caused by an in vitro exposure to atrazine and some of its metabolites.
84  desquamated endotheliocytes
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RA (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
IL-8 (2 times)
2008 [Influence of antidepressant therapy on psychovegetative disorders in patients with chronic calculous cholecystitis in perioperative period].
85  diabetic enteropathy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
T1D (2 times)
CoSCs (1 time)
1999 Diabetic embryopathy.
86  diesel emissions
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DPM (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
EUPHORE (1 time)
2008 Diesel exhaust exposure enhances venoconstriction via uncoupling of eNOS.
87  differential evolution algorithm
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
GA (2 times)
CUG (1 time)
HDE (1 time)
2013 Color image quantization algorithm based on self-adaptive differential evolution.
88  digestive efficiency
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AMEn (1 time)
FE (1 time)
MU (1 time)
1990 [Nutritional utilization of a low protein diet in alloxan diabetic rats].
89  diminished expression
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
FEP (2 times)
AA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 Deconstructing negative symptoms of schizophrenia: avolition-apathy and diminished expression clusters predict clinical presentation and functional outcome.
90  Dirac equation
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
FC (2 times)
SE (2 times)
BO (1 time)
2012 Discovery of a general method of solving the Schrodinger and dirac equations that opens a way to accurately predictive quantum chemistry.
91  direct extraction
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
EE (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2007 Development of a simple extraction procedure for chlorpyrifos determination in food samples by immunoassay.
92  directional error
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AE (2 times)
AVE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2000 Minimizing error in measurement of error: a proposed method for calculation of error in a two-dimensional motor task.
93  disordered eating behavior
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
EDs (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2004 Unhealthy weight management behavior among adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus: the role of familial eating patterns and weight-related concerns.
94  distal esophagus
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GC (2 times)
GERD (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2012 In vitro sensitivity of rat esophagus to agonists in different alkaline mediums.
95  distance effect
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ICs (1 time)
SCE (1 time)
SSE (1 time)
2005 Corrections of size-of-source effect and distance effect in radiometric measurements of radiance.
96  distillery effluent
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AMC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
GTVs (1 time)
2012 Biosolids and distillery effluent amendment to Irish Miscanthus giganteus plantations: impacts on groundwater and soil.
97  diuretic efficiency
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
eGFR (2 times)
HR (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
2014 Loop diuretic efficiency: a metric of diuretic responsiveness with prognostic importance in acute decompensated heart failure.
98  dose-escalated
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ADT (2 times)
bDFS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Addition of short-term androgen deprivation therapy to dose-escalated radiation therapy improves failure-free survival for select men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer.
99  double-expressor
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AK (2 times)
DH (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
2013 Increased prevalence of circulating novel IL-17 secreting Foxp3 expressing CD4+ T cells and defective suppressive function of circulating Foxp3+ regulatory cells support plasticity between Th17 and regulatory T cells in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
100  dry extract
(4 times)
Food
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAE (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of the topical anti-inflammatory activity of ginger dry extracts from solutions and plasters.