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Abbreviation: DES
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Long forms: 331

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
drug-eluting stents
(4319 times)
Cardiology
(2809 times)
PCI (1214 times)
BMS (1016 times)
MI (551 times)
2002 Drug-eluting stents: clinical experiences and perspectives.
diethylstilbestrol
(2555 times)
Neoplasms
(351 times)
BPA (120 times)
ER (91 times)
EDCs (52 times)
1951 Diethylstilbestrol (DES) in treatment of threatened abortion.
deep eutectic solvent
(563 times)
Chemistry
(164 times)
ChCl (46 times)
HBD (22 times)
ILs (16 times)
2004 Deep eutectic solvents formed between choline chloride and carboxylic acids: versatile alternatives to ionic liquids.
dry eye syndrome
(273 times)
Ophthalmology
(130 times)
OSDI (36 times)
TBUT (27 times)
CI (15 times)
1988 The role of the Schirmer's test and orbital morphology in predicting dry-eye syndrome after blepharoplasty.
Dissociative Experiences Scale
(252 times)
Psychiatry
(121 times)
PTSD (21 times)
BDI (19 times)
BAI (15 times)
1986 Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale.
discrete event simulation
(155 times)
Health Services
(26 times)
ED (12 times)
LOS (10 times)
QALYs (10 times)
2002 Tamoxifen plus chemotherapy versus tamoxifen alone as adjuvant therapies for node-positive postmenopausal women with early breast cancer: a stochastic economic evaluation.
direct electrical stimulation
(111 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
nTMS (10 times)
fMRI (9 times)
EOR (8 times)
1981 Mechanism of electrical stimulation-induced subsensitivity of vascular smooth muscle.
diffuse esophageal spasm
(109 times)
Gastroenterology
(64 times)
LES (18 times)
HRM (13 times)
POEM (12 times)
1979 Effect of gastrin heptadecapeptide (G17) on oesophageal contractions in patients with diffuse oesophageal spasm.
desmin
(82 times)
Pathology
(16 times)
VIM (18 times)
GFAP (7 times)
CK (6 times)
1987 The immunohistochemistry of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Evidence supporting an origin from smooth muscle.
10  diethyl sulfate
(79 times)
Genetics
(21 times)
DMS (16 times)
EMS (13 times)
ENU (13 times)
1974 Lack of chemically induced mutation in repair-deficient mutants of yeast.
11  desmosine
(53 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
IDES (23 times)
HP (11 times)
COPD (10 times)
1982 Effects of ascorbate on insoluble elastin accumulation and cross-link formation in rabbit pulmonary artery smooth muscle cultures.
12  desipramine
(49 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
IMI (13 times)
AMI (7 times)
FLU (6 times)
1979 Enhancement of central norepinephrine and 5-hydroxytryptamine transmission by tricyclic antidepressants. A comparison.
13  desflurane
(48 times)
Anesthesiology
(26 times)
ISO (14 times)
MAC (7 times)
TIVA (7 times)
1995 The minimum alveolar concentration of desflurane in cats.
14  Dental Environment Stress
(41 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
PSS (5 times)
PGWB (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
1989 Perceptions of stress among third-year dental students.
15  Diabetes Empowerment Scale
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
DKT (2 times)
AEOQ-R (1 time)
C-DES (1 time)
2000 Psychosocial self-efficacy and personal characteristics of veterans attending a diabetes education program.
16  diagnostic exome sequencing
(18 times)
Genetics, Medical
(11 times)
ID (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2015 Identification of a Novel De Novo Variant in the PAX3 Gene in Waardenburg Syndrome by Diagnostic Exome Sequencing: The First Molecular Diagnosis in Korea.
17  dysfunctional elimination syndrome
(18 times)
Urology
(8 times)
VUR (4 times)
PVR (2 times)
UTI (2 times)
2003 Dysfunctional elimination syndrome: is it related to urinary tract infection or vesicoureteral reflux diagnosed early in life?
18  desmin gene
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DRM (3 times)
DCM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Human desmin-coding gene: complete nucleotide sequence, characterization and regulation of expression during myogenesis and development.
19  dual-energy subtraction
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
AUC (5 times)
FPD (4 times)
CEM (3 times)
2010 Dual energy subtraction digital radiography improves performance of a next generation computer-aided detection program.
20  desferrioxamine
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
DHBA (2 times)
ROI (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1988 Role of iron in the hydrogen peroxide-dependent oxidation of hexahydroporphyrins (porphyrinogens): a possible mechanism for the exacerbation by iron of hepatic uroporphyria.
21  drug-eluting coronary stents
(16 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
BMS (4 times)
PCI (4 times)
DAPT (3 times)
2007 The costs and quality-of-life outcomes of drug-eluting coronary stents: a systematic review.
22  digital eye strain
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CVS (4 times)
CVS-Q (3 times)
WRRT (2 times)
2018 Digital eye strain: prevalence, measurement and amelioration.
23  desaturase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
4-HPR (1 time)
4-MPR (1 time)
4-oxo-4-HPR (1 time)
1995 An open reading frame in the approximately 28-kb tox-argk gene cluster encodes a polypeptide with homology to fatty acid desaturases.
24  diethylstilbestrol diphosphate
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AFC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
COH (1 time)
1975 Serum lipid levels and thromboembolic complications during estrogen therapy of prostatic cancer.
25  diethyl sebacate
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IPM (3 times)
MDEA (3 times)
PDL (3 times)
1987 Enhancement of transdermal delivery by superfluous thermodynamic potential. II. In vitro-in vivo correlation of percutaneous nifedipine transport.
26  discrete event system
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
ARP (1 time)
BLP (1 time)
FDD (1 time)
2002 [Dependency of characteristics of heart rate variability on the average value of the R--R-intervals].
27  Descriptive Experience Sampling
(10 times)
Cognitive Science
(4 times)
--- 2008 The phenomena of inner experience.
28  diffuse endocrine system
(10 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
GEP (2 times)
CF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1974 [The diffuse endocrine system (DES)].
29  divinyl ether synthase
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
AOS (4 times)
HPL (4 times)
12-oxo-PDA (1 time)
2002 Hydroperoxide lyase and divinyl ether synthase.
30  deep eutectic systems
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ChCl (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
HPLC-ELSD (1 time)
2017 Crystal structure of Zn(ZnCl4)2(Cho)2: the transformation of ions to neutral species in a deep eutectic system.
31  desulfhydrase
(9 times)
Botany
(4 times)
HT (3 times)
APX (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2012 Molecular cloning, characterization, and expression analysis of a novel gene encoding L-cysteine desulfhydrase from Brassica napus.
32  Dental Environment Stress questionnaire
(8 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PSS (2 times)
AHS (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2002 Psychological stress in undergraduate dental students: baseline results from seven European dental schools.
33  dry eye symptoms
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OSDI (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2013 Dry eye symptoms and chemosis following blepharoplasty: a 10-year retrospective review of 892 cases in a single-surgeon series.
34  DES group
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
BMS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
2007 Comparison of coronary drug-eluting stents versus coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with diabetes mellitus.
35  desloratadine
(7 times)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(2 times)
BA (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
2004 Comparative effects of desloratadine, fexofenadine, and levocetirizine on nasal adenosine monophosphate challenge in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.
36  developmental exposure to diethylstilbestrol
(7 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
DDR (1 time)
DES-MMSCs (1 time)
2000 Abnormal cell differentiation and p21 expression of endometrial epithelial cells following developmental exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES).
37  Debriefing Experience Scale
(6 times)
Education
(4 times)
VAD (2 times)
CATS (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2020 Developing a structured three-phase video-assisted debriefing to enhance prelicensure nursing students' debriefing experiences, reflective abilities, and professional competencies: A proof-of-concept study.
38  dermal-epidermal separation
(6 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
ROS (2 times)
BMZ (1 time)
1984 Experimental bullous pemphigoid in guinea pigs: the role of pemphigoid antibodies, complement, and migrating cells.
39  desensitization
(6 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
IVIg (2 times)
AMR (1 time)
dnDSAs (1 time)
2012 A GPS for finding the route to transplantation for the sensitized patient.
40  detached eddy simulation
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAWAPI (1 time)
LES (1 time)
MDDES (1 time)
2005 Flow in a mechanical bileaflet heart valve at laminar and near-peak systole flow rates: CFD simulations and experiments.
41  diethyl succinate
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
BD (2 times)
PDL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1987 Substituted trifluoroketones as potent, selective inhibitors of mammalian carboxylesterases.
42  Disability Employment Services
(6 times)
Occupational Health
(2 times)
IDES (2 times)
IPS (2 times)
PRISMA (1 time)
2013 Factors affecting employment outcomes for people with disabilities who received Disability Employment Services in Taiwan.
43  Dynamic Environment Simulator
(6 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
NVG (1 time)
PBG (1 time)
SACM (1 time)
1984 Comparative analysis: effects of positive and negative lateral acceleration on isometric fatigue in the forearm.
44  dysequilibrium syndrome
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
VLDLR (4 times)
CDG-1a (1 time)
DES-VLDR (1 time)
1985 Disequilibrium syndrome in Montana Hutterites.
45  Data Encryption Standard
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BSN (1 time)
CD-ROM (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1991 CD-ROM prototype applications within the Department of Veterans Affairs.
46  desflurane anesthesia
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
TIVA (4 times)
OR (2 times)
PACU (2 times)
2002 Small-dose selective spinal anesthesia for short-duration outpatient laparoscopy: recovery characteristics compared with desflurane anesthesia.
47  Disability Evaluation System
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CAFI-C (2 times)
CAFI (1 time)
CASE (1 time)
2013 Psychometric properties of the child and adolescent scale of participation--traditional Chinese version.
48  distal esophageal sphincter
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
GER (1 time)
IAP (1 time)
Pe (1 time)
1974 Evaluation of current operations for the prevention of gastroesophageal reflux.
49  desacetylcefotaxime
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CTX (4 times)
CTZ (1 time)
CXM (1 time)
1986 Cefotaxime metabolism by hemolyzed blood: quantitation and inhibition of the deacetylation reaction.
50  desmosterol
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
7-DHC (4 times)
Chol (4 times)
DPPC (2 times)
2001 Comparative behavior of sterols in phosphatidylcholine-sterol monolayer films.
51  desogestrel
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
GES (2 times)
APCI (1 time)
APIs (1 time)
1994 Clinical comparison of two low-dose oral contraceptives, Minulet and Mercilon, in women over 30 years of age.
52  dielectric spectroscopy
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
cr (2 times)
HN (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2004 Glass transition-related changes in molecular mobility below glass transition temperature of freeze-dried formulations, as measured by dielectric spectroscopy and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance.
53  Differential Emotions Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ECQ (1 time)
LEAS (1 time)
SDRS (1 time)
1985 Assessing depression and anxiety in chronic dialysis patients.
54  Directed Enhanced Services
(4 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
CCGs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
2011 Increasing health checks for people with learning disabilities.
55  disordered eating symptoms
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AUQ (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2015 The relationship between disordered eating and sexuality amongst adolescents and young adults.
56  drugs such as diethylstilbestrol
(4 times)
Teratology
(1 time)
ACF (1 time)
beta-HCH (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
2002 Estrogens and environmental estrogens.
57  dynamic ensemble selection
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
MCS (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2013 On a two-level multiclassifier system with error correction applied to the control of bioprosthetic hand.
58  d-erythro-sphingosine
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PP2A (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
CRMP2 (1 time)
2015 Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation promotes axonal growth and recovery in the CNS.
59  descending
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
1996 Frequency dependence of long-term potentiation and depression in the dentate gyrus of the freely moving rat.
60  desmopressin
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
INS (2 times)
LEU (2 times)
SEDDS (2 times)
2006 The effect of desmopressin, a vasopressin analog, on endurance performance during a prolonged run in simulated heat conditions.
61  diabetic eye screening
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCTs (1 time)
EETC (1 time)
HES (1 time)
2021 Diabetic maculopathy: multicolour and SD-OCT versus fundus photography.
62  dialysis encephalopathy syndrome
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 1981 Senile plaques and tangles in dialysis dementia.
63  dispersive energy spectroscopy
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
CDTC (1 time)
IPR (1 time)
2019 Enamel protection after stripping procedures: An in vivo study.
64  dissociative experiences
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
BPRS (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2011 Long term life dissatisfaction and subsequent major depressive disorder and poor mental health.
65  Drosophila expression system
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
DIV (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
2000 Diagnostic potential of puumala virus nucleocapsid protein expressed in Drosophila melanogaster cells.
66  drug-eluting balloon mounted stents
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
sICAD (2 times)
ICAD (1 time)
OVAS (1 time)
2019 Second Generation Drug-Eluting Stents for Endovascular Treatment of Ostial Vertebral Artery Stenosis: A Single Center Experience.
67  drug-eluting stent implantation
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2010 Drug-eluting stents for the treatment of pulmonary vein stenosis after atrial fibrillation ablation.
68  dual-energy subtracted
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LE (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2018 Classification of Breast Masses Using a Computer-Aided Diagnosis Scheme of Contrast Enhanced Digital Mammograms.
69  duck eggshells
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CES I (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
nHA (1 time)
1991 [Chick embryo culture using duck egg shell--first successful hatch ].
70  duodenal endoluminal sleeve
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
p.f (1 time)
RYGB (1 time)
2013 Duodenal nutrient exclusion improves metabolic syndrome and stimulates villus hyperplasia.
71  dancing eyes syndrome
(2 times)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
1992 [Childhood dancing eye syndrome in occult neuroblastoma].
72  Dar es Salaam
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
GSHS (1 time)
2010 Predictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African city.
73  dark energy survey
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CMB (1 time)
GIMCO (1 time)
HIRAX (1 time)
2019 Detection of CMB-Cluster Lensing using Polarization Data from SPTpol.
74  decay energy spectroscopy
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EOB (1 time)
TES (1 time)
2021 Measurement of 227Ac impurity in 225Ac using decay energy spectroscopy.
75  dentists with extended skills
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GDP (1 time)
OHIP-EOM (1 time)
2018 Assessing a training programme for primary care dental practitioners in endodontics of moderate complexity: Pilot data on skills enhancement and treatment outcomes.
76  denture-related erythematous stomatitis
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2017 Improving practice guidelines for the treatment of denture-related erythematous stomatitis: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
77  deposited energy spectrometer
(2 times)
DT (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
EVA (1 time)
2015 Overview of the Liulin type instruments for space radiation measurement and their scientific results.
78  DES males
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Altered activation/detoxication enzymology following neonatal diethylstilbestrol treatment.
79  desferoxamine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HoSF (1 time)
PH (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 Non-reductive iron release from horse spleen ferritin using desferoxamine chelation.
80  desmethylsertraline
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FLU (2 times)
NOR (2 times)
SERT (2 times)
1994 Inhibitors of alprazolam metabolism in vitro: effect of serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor antidepressants, ketoconazole and quinidine.
81  desmetryne
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
2009 Comparison between the short-term and the long-term toxicity of six triazine herbicides on photobacteria Q67.
82  desmosine and isodesmosine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
IPF (1 time)
MGP (1 time)
2017 Vitamin K deficit and elastolysis theory in pulmonary elasto-degenerative diseases.
83  desonide
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
CA-gel (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2019 Desonide nanoencapsulation with acai oil as oil core: Physicochemical characterization, photostability study and in vitro phototoxicity evaluation.
84  detrimental effects of neonatal diethylstilbestrol
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
ERalphaKO (1 time)
ERKO (1 time)
2004 Estrogen receptor-alpha mediates the detrimental effects of neonatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure in the murine reproductive tract.
85  diabetes self-efficacy
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DLOC (1 time)
GE (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2009 Experience from a behavioural medicine intervention among poorly controlled adult type 1 diabetes patients.
86  diaphragmatic electrostimulation
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CH (1 time)
CI (1 time)
COB (1 time)
1993 [Diaphragmatic electrostimulation in bronchial asthma patients].
87  diencephalic syndrome
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1996 Successful chemotherapeutic treatment of diencephalic syndrome with continued tumor presence.
88  diethylsilylene
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DEHS (1 time)
DMES (1 time)
ME-nBO-DMiPS (1 time)
1987 Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of some prostanoids with new derivatizing agents. Application to the analysis of 13,14-dihydro-15-ketoprostaglandin F2 alpha.
89  diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
SCCA1 (1 time)
SERPINs (1 time)
2011 Tissue specific expression and estrogen regulation of SERPINB3 in the chicken oviduct.
90  Disability Eligibility System
(2 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
FUNDES-Child (1 time)
ICD-9 (1 time)
2015 Development and validation of the ICF-CY-Based Functioning Scale of the Disability Evaluation System--Child Version in Taiwan.
91  Discovery Elbow System
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
DASH (1 time)
MEPS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2014 Discovery elbow system: 2- to 5-year results in distal humerus fractures and posttraumatic conditions: a prospective study on 24 patients.
92  disequilibrium
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
UF (1 time)
1983 Computer modelling of haemodialysis/ultrafiltration explaining the pathogenesis of the disequilibrium syndrome.
93  disorders of excessive sleep
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
REM (1 time)
TCMP (1 time)
1976 A genetic model of narcolepsy.
94  disorders of excessive somnolence
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DIMS (1 time)
2005 Odds, prevalence and predictors of sleep problems in school-age normal children.
95  Dispositional Envy Scale
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CD-RISC (1 time)
dmPFC (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2016 Neural correlates of envy: Regional homogeneity of resting-state brain activity predicts dispositional envy.
96  dissociative symptoms
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HoNOS (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2008 Dissociative symptoms and neuroendocrine dysregulation in depression.
97  distal esophageal segment
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EB (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
1979 Gastroesophageal reflux and pulmonary aspiration: incidence, functional abnormality, and results of surgical therapy.
98  Diver Emergency Service
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
DCI (1 time)
2012 A review of 17 years of telephone calls to the Australian Diver Emergency Service (DES).
99  double enterostomy
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CR (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
ASPEN (1 time)
2020 Chyme recycling in the management of small bowel double enterostomy in pediatric and neonatal populations: A systematic review.
100  double exponential smoothing
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DSFLA (1 time)
SFLA (1 time)
SVM (1 time)
2017 Failure prediction using machine learning and time series in optical network.