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Abbreviation: DG
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Long forms: 500

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
dentate gyrus
(2958 times)
Neurology
(1158 times)
LTP (285 times)
BrdU (190 times)
SVZ (173 times)
1978 Neuronal transmission through hippocampal pathways dependent on behavior.
diacylglycerol
(455 times)
Biochemistry
(182 times)
PA (94 times)
PKC (84 times)
TG (76 times)
1976 Metabolism of mono- and diacylglycerols in subcutaneous adipose tissue of obese and normal-weight subjects.
2-deoxyglucose
(137 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
FDG (10 times)
DG6P (8 times)
PET (5 times)
1975 Regulation of fructose uptake by glucose in Escherichia coli.
dystroglycan
(123 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
ECM (11 times)
BM (10 times)
AQP4 (7 times)
1996 Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, LGMD2F, is caused by a mutation in the delta-sarcoglycan gene.
diglyceride
(85 times)
Biochemistry
(27 times)
TG (38 times)
FFA (18 times)
MG (17 times)
1969 
distal gastrectomy
(69 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
TG (25 times)
PPG (13 times)
PG (9 times)
1986 Paradoxical elevations of plasma glucagon levels in patients after pancreatectomy or gastrectomy.
1,2-diacylglycerol
(68 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
PKC (13 times)
PA (9 times)
PC (8 times)
1983 Concerted stimulation of PI-turnover, Ca2+-influx and histamine release in antigen-activated rat mast cells.
distillers grains
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
SFC (4 times)
DDG (3 times)
DDGS (3 times)
1983 Factors affecting disappearance of feedstuffs from bags suspended in the rumen.
directing group
(32 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
MPyS (2 times)
OAP (2 times)
Ar (1 time)
2012 Pd(II)-catalyzed primary-C(sp3)-H acyloxylation at room temperature.
10  desquamative gingivitis
(31 times)
Dentistry
(23 times)
OLP (9 times)
MMP (7 times)
PV (5 times)
1983 Frequency of desquamative gingivitis in skin diseases.
11  distance geometry
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
MD (10 times)
NMR (7 times)
rMD (4 times)
1988 Combined procedure of distance geometry and restrained molecular dynamics techniques for protein structure determination from nuclear magnetic resonance data: application to the DNA binding domain of lac repressor from Escherichia coli.
12  dentate gyrus of the hippocampus
(30 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BLA (5 times)
BrdU (5 times)
SVZ (5 times)
2002 The effects of social environment on adult neurogenesis in the female prairie vole.
13  digestive gland
(30 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
OA (4 times)
Ft (3 times)
NO (3 times)
2000 Sublethal effects of chromium-VI in the Asian clam (Potamocorbula amurensis).
14  dictator game
(29 times)
Cognitive Science
(5 times)
UG (11 times)
AVPR1A (2 times)
DLPFC (2 times)
2009 The oxytocin receptor (OXTR) contributes to prosocial fund allocations in the dictator game and the social value orientations task.
15  dentate granule
(25 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AHP (2 times)
CA (2 times)
EPSPs (2 times)
1987 Altered modulatory actions of serotonin on dentate granule cells of aged rats.
16  diammonium glycyrrhizinate
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
AST (2 times)
GL (2 times)
1985 Tumorigenicity study of disodium glycyrrhizinate administered orally to mice.
17  desogestrel
(22 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
EE (15 times)
SHBG (7 times)
OC (5 times)
1984 Time- and dose-dependent alterations of basal and LH-RH-stimulated LH-release during treatment with various hormonal contraceptives.
18  daily gain
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
DFI (6 times)
FE (5 times)
BW (3 times)
1989 Correlated responses in development and distribution of fat depots in mice selected for body composition traits.
19  D-galactose
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
ROS (4 times)
AGEs (3 times)
FO (3 times)
1996 [Alterations of the mucin components in bile duct epithelium associated with proliferating cholangitis--an experimental study].
20  diabetic group
(18 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CG (14 times)
STZ (5 times)
DM (2 times)
1989 [Serum osteocalcin in insulin-dependent diabetic patients].
21  diabetic gastroparesis
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
IG (5 times)
DM (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
2004 [Gastrointestinal complications in diabetes mellitus].
22  diosgenin
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DHEA (3 times)
DC (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2000 TCPL drug delivery system: the effects of synthetic DHEA and Diosgenin using an ovariectomized rat model.
23  discontinuous Galerkin
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ALB (1 time)
BTE (1 time)
CEs (1 time)
2011 SHG simulations of plasmonic nanoparticles using curved elements.
24  alpha-dystroglycan
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CMD (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
LCMV (2 times)
2001 Molecular analysis of the interaction of LCMV with its cellular receptor [alpha]-dystroglycan.
25  degree of grafting
(13 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GMA (2 times)
HEMA (2 times)
MBAA (2 times)
2001 Application of surface modified polypropylene membranes to an anaerobic membrane bioreactor.
26  densely granulated
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
SG (12 times)
GH (9 times)
LT (2 times)
1995 In vivo responsiveness of morphological variants of growth hormone-producing pituitary adenomas to octreotide.
27  disability glare
(13 times)
Optometry
(4 times)
CS (3 times)
VA (2 times)
ART (1 time)
1993 Evaluating visual function in cataract.
28  disordered gambling
(11 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
AUD (2 times)
PG (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2010 Genetic and environmental influences on disordered gambling in men and women.
29  docetaxel/gemcitabine
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
OS (3 times)
PS (3 times)
2001 Comparison of docetaxel/cisplatin to docetaxel/gemcitabine as first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer: early results of a randomized trial.
30  dodecyl gallate
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
OG (5 times)
PG (5 times)
tBHQ (4 times)
1979 High performance liquid chromatographic determination of nine phenolic antioxidants in oils, lards, and shortenings.
31  drinking game
(11 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
AOE (1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
DIF (1 time)
2006 Drinking games in female college students: more than just a game?
32  deglycosylated
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
hCG (3 times)
DS (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
1985 Immunotoxins containing ricin A or B chains with modified carbohydrate residues act synergistically in killing neoplastic B cells in vitro.
33  dorsal gastric
(10 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
STG (6 times)
CPG (3 times)
LG (3 times)
1988 Gastric mill activity in the lobster. III. Effects of proctolin on the isolated central pattern generator.
34  density gradient
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
SU (2 times)
2-ME (1 time)
ACR (1 time)
1986 Detection of measles-specific IgM antibodies: comparison of 2-mercaptoethanol treatment, density gradient centrifugation, protein A-sepharose affinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography and haemadsorption techniques.
35  beta-dystroglycan
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MMP (2 times)
AQP4 (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2004 Dystroglycan complex in cancer.
36  degree of gelatinization
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
ANNs (1 time)
BD (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1999 Digestibility index and factors affecting rate of starch digestion in vitro in conventional food preparation.
37  dietary guidelines
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
4-DFD (1 time)
BWC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1987 Dietary intake of individuals interested in eating a healthy diet: a validated study of intake before and after dietary advice.
38  distributed generation
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ARD (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
DNC (1 time)
2009 Reliability improvement of distribution systems using SSVR.
39  dydrogesterone
(8 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
MPA (3 times)
AE (2 times)
HRT (2 times)
1994 Effects of various forms of progestin on the endometrium of the estrogen-primed, ovariectomized rat.
40  (MPP)-dentate gyrus
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LTP (5 times)
MPP (3 times)
MF (2 times)
1995 High-frequency stimulation of the basolateral amygdala facilitates the induction of long-term potentiation in the dentate gyrus in vivo.
41  daily weight gain
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DFI (3 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
Birth-Pre (1 time)
2006 Feed efficiency of rainbow trout can be improved through selection: different genetic potential on alternative diets.
42  dance group
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CG (5 times)
PD (3 times)
ROM (2 times)
2011 The effects of low-impact dance on knee torque and lower extremity mobility in middle-aged and older women.
43  defective graphene
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
OER (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
DFT-D (1 time)
2015 Revealing the interactions between pentagon-octagon-pentagon defect graphene and organic donor/acceptor molecules: a theoretical study.
44  delay of gratification
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
DD (2 times)
DTI (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
2000 Regulating the interpersonal self: strategic self-regulation for coping with rejection sensitivity.
45  diet group
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CG (3 times)
T2D (3 times)
SDG (2 times)
2014 Positive effects of football on fitness, lipid profile, and insulin resistance in Brazilian patients with type 2 diabetes.
46  discussion group
(7 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
AG (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
2003 Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder in older adults.
47  distillers grains plus solubles
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
CON (2 times)
CN (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2007 Ruminal and intestinal degradability of distillers grains plus solubles varies by source.
48  dysphonic group
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
NDG (3 times)
CAPE-V (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2014 Muscleskeletal pain in dysphonic women.
49  degree of glycation
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
BBPI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2016 Effect of ultrasonic pretreatment on physicochemical characteristics and rheological properties of soy protein/sugar Maillard reaction products.
50  digastric
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
OI (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1995 Automatic measurement of on/off periods of EMG activity.
51  digoxin
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DT (3 times)
APD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1984 Positive inotropic effects of digitoxin- and digoxin-glucuronide in human isolated ventricular heart muscle preparations.
52  double gyroid
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HEX (3 times)
HPL (3 times)
DIS (1 time)
2001 Collapse of the Ia3d cubic symmetry by uniaxial stretching of a double-gyroid block copolymer.
53  glandular dose
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
DBT (2 times)
15d-15p (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
1994 Normalized average glandular dose in molybdenum target-rhodium filter and rhodium target-rhodium filter mammography.
54  d-glucose
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
2dDR (1 time)
2dLR (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
2001 A novel method for enzyme immobilization: direct encapsulation of acid phosphatase in nanoporous silica host materials.
55  Danshen and Gegen decoction
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CAD (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2011 Myocardial post-conditioning with Danshen-Gegen decoction protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury via a PKCepsilon/mKATP-mediated pathway in rats.
56  Danshen-Gegen
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
I/R (2 times)
CCTM (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2011 Long-term treatment with danshen-gegen decoction protects the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury via the redox-sensitive protein kinase C-epsilon/mK(ATP) pathway in rats.
57  desacyl ghrelin
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AG (4 times)
FT (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2007 Regulation of appetite in lean and obese adolescents after exercise: role of acylated and desacyl ghrelin.
58  desmoglein
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
pf (5 times)
SDS (2 times)
AAb (1 time)
1984 Human autoantibodies against a desmosomal core protein in pemphigus foliaceus.
59  dipotassium glycyrrhizinate
(5 times)
Virology
(1 time)
DG-Hes (1 time)
HES (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2013 In vitro antiviral activity and underlying molecular mechanisms of dipotassium glycyrrhetate against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
60  dry ground corn
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HM (3 times)
DM (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2003 Effects of corn grain conservation method on feeding behavior and productivity of lactating dairy cows at two dietary starch concentrations.
61  dual-gate
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
MOSFET (2 times)
SG (2 times)
a-IGZO (1 time)
2011 Single electron transistor with P-type sidewall spacer gates.
62  dabigatran group
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (4 times)
AG (3 times)
RG (3 times)
2015 Differences in activated clotting time among uninterrupted anticoagulants during the periprocedural period of atrial fibrillation ablation.
63  Danggui
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DBD (2 times)
HQ (2 times)
APH (1 time)
2005 Assay of free ferulic acid and total ferulic acid for quality assessment of Angelica sinensis.
64  data gathering
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
PN (2 times)
USMLE (2 times)
2003 Analysis of the relationship between score components on a standardized patient clinical skills examination.
65  delayed group
(4 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IG (4 times)
CG (1 time)
MVPA (1 time)
2012 Thyroid cancers with laryngotracheal invasion.
66  depression group
(4 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
NDG (2 times)
AG (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2005 Characteristics and outcomes of strabismus surgery after orbital decompression for thyroid eye disease.
67  Desmodium gangeticum
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2005 Desmodium gangeticum: a potent anti-ulcer agent.
68  dexamethasone group
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
NDG (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
2007 A single dose of dexamethasone to prevent postbronchoscopy fever in children: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
69  diabetic supplemented with L-glutamine
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NG (4 times)
DGO (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical study of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) enteric neurons in diabetic rats supplemented with L-glutamine.
70  diagnostic
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CML (1 time)
1990 Eating behaviors, weight loss methods, and nutrition practices among high school wrestlers.
71  diffuse goiter
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
MNG (2 times)
24 h RIU (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1995 Chronic lymphocytic (Hashimoto's) thyroiditis in Kuwait diagnosed by fine needle aspirates.
72  Directorate-General
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EC (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CTXs (1 time)
1993 The detection and assessment of the aneugenic potential of environmental chemicals: the European Community Aneuploidy Project.
73  distal subtotal gastrectomy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BII (1 time)
GI (1 time)
RY (1 time)
2013 Vitamin B(12) deficiency after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: an analysis of clinical patterns and risk factors.
74  diterpene ginkgolides
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
GBE (2 times)
VLX (2 times)
PFC (1 time)
2016 GC-MS-based metabolomic study on the antidepressant-like effects of diterpene ginkgolides in mouse hippocampus.
75  double-gate
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
FET (2 times)
MOSFETs (2 times)
CMOS (1 time)
2017 Tunable Mobility in Double-Gated MoTe2 Field-Effect Transistor: Effect of Coulomb Screening and Trap Sites.
76  dry granulation
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DC (2 times)
BA (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2015 Influence of formulation technique on acrylate methacrylate copolymer modified paracetamol matrix tablets.
77  Duarte galactosemia
(4 times)
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
(2 times)
NBS (2 times)
Gal-1-P (1 time)
GALT (1 time)
2010 Monitoring of biochemical status in children with Duarte galactosemia: utility of galactose, galactitol, galactonate, and galactose 1-phosphate.
78  duodenogastric
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
BDT (1 time)
EG (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1979 Pyloric reflux: a duodenal functional problem?
79  Dahomey Gap
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
CVL (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2017 Pleistocene refugia and genetic diversity patterns in West Africa: Insights from the liana Chasmanthera dependens (Menispermaceae).
80  Dammann grating
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
DZP (1 time)
LCs (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2012 Three-dimensional Dammann array.
81  davidigenin
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
LG (2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2003 Permeability of the flavonoids liquiritigenin and its glycosides in licorice roots and davidigenin, a hydrogenated metabolite of liquiritigenin, using human intestinal cell line Caco-2.
82  degrees of glycosylation
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMSPI (1 time)
HMCP (1 time)
LMCP (1 time)
2014 Characteristics and functionality enhancement by glycosylation of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) seed protein.
83  denervation group
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
EAAT1 (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2013 Alcohol drinking and deprivation alter basal extracellular glutamate concentrations and clearance in the mesolimbic system of alcohol-preferring (P) rats.
84  densely granulated somatotroph
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GH (3 times)
SG (3 times)
CK (1 time)
1994 Growth hormone and prolactin gene expression in human densely and sparsely granulated somatotroph adenomas by in situ hybridization with digoxigenin-labeled probes.
85  Dermagraft
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
DFUs (2 times)
MS (2 times)
MSMM (2 times)
2012 Total contact casting combined with human fibroblast-derived dermal tissue in 15 DFU patients.
86  dermal grafts
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
DRSK (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1999 Tissue strength analysis of autologous and cadaveric allografts for the pubovaginal sling.
87  developmental groups
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2009 Recrudescence of spermatogenesis in the dog following downregulation using a slow release GnRH agonist implant.
88  diabetic glomerulosclerosis
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
MABP (1 time)
NDG (1 time)
1983 [Cardiovascular changes among deceased patients with diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy among 9015 autopsied over the age of 14].
89  dictator games
(3 times)
Cognition
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
sOT (1 time)
SVO (1 time)
2014 Hierarchical Bayesian analysis of outcome- and process-based social preferences and beliefs in Dictator Games and sequential Prisoner's Dilemmas.
90  Diesel Generator
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AAQM (1 time)
AERMOD (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2015 Identification of possible sources of atmospheric PM10 using particle size, SEM-EDS and XRD analysis, Jharia Coalfield Dhanbad, India.
91  differential geometry
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DG-GL (1 time)
2015 Parameter optimization in differential geometry based solvation models.
92  differentially expressed genes
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
eQTL (1 time)
GATK (1 time)
2009 A transcriptomic analysis of superhybrid rice LYP9 and its parents.
93  DiGeorge
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
VCF (2 times)
CTAF (1 time)
DG/VCF (1 time)
1996 Familial DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome with deletions of chromosome area 22q11.2: report of five families with a review of the literature.
94  digestate
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2012 Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soils amended with digestate derived from anaerobic treatment of food waste.
95  diosgenin glucoside
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
LC3 (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1987 Effects of synthetic glycosides on steroid balance in Macaca fascicularis.
96  discontinuous growth
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
CSA (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2015 Repercussions of growth path on carcass characteristics, meat colour and shear force in Alentejana bulls.
97  distraction gap
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DCT (1 time)
DO (1 time)
L5D (1 time)
1994 Variables affecting time to bone healing during limb lengthening.
98  dorsal ganglion
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
1994 Trans-axillary transpleural sympathectomy for Palmar hyperhidrosis in children--a 3 to 7 year follow-up of 9 cases.
99  dorsogluteal
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
VG (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2004 Preventing sciatic nerve injury from intramuscular injections: literature review.
100  double gloving
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
BTSN (1 time)
HFT (1 time)
2011 Surgeons' and residents' double-gloving practices at 2 teaching hospitals in Ontario.