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Abbreviation: DIF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
differential item functioning
(816 times)
Rehabilitation
(134 times)
IRT (114 times)
CFA (50 times)
MIMIC (33 times)
1989 Evaluation of attitude survey translations an investigation using item response theory.
direct immunofluorescence
(367 times)
Dermatology
(168 times)
IIF (42 times)
BP (32 times)
BMZ (19 times)
1978 Localized chronic pemphigoid. Report of a case, review of the literature and discussion of the relationship with cicatricial pemphigoid.
differentiation-inducing factor
(59 times)
Embryology
(16 times)
TNF (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
GAS (3 times)
1981 Characterization of mononuclear blood cell-derived differentiation inducing factors for the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60.
difficulty identifying feelings
(52 times)
Psychiatry
(33 times)
DDF (32 times)
EOT (27 times)
CFA (6 times)
1996 Structure of the twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale.
difloxacin
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SAR (11 times)
ENR (10 times)
CIP (9 times)
2000 Comparison of fluoroquinolone pharmacokinetic parameters after treatment with marbofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and difloxacin in dogs.
diflunisal
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
DIC (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1999 Determination of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in serum by a highly sensitive enzyme amplified lanthanide luminescence immunoassay.
DPD-inhibitory fluoropyrimidine
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
DPD (10 times)
5-FU (6 times)
TS (3 times)
1999 Clinical implications of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase inhibition.
difference
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1998 Children's perception of continuous and discontinuous movement.
diffuse interstitial fibrosis
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
AFb (2 times)
SA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
1965 [Diagnosis of diffuse interstitial fibrosis (DIF)].
10  direct immunofluorescence microscopy
(5 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
BP (1 time)
IEM (1 time)
IH (1 time)
1990 Assessment of the value of immunofluorescence microscopy in the diagnosis of oral mucosal lichen planus.
11  digoxin immune Fab
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
EDLF (3 times)
PE (2 times)
CrCl (1 time)
2009 The hemodynamic effects of intravenous digoxin-binding fab immunoglobulin in severe preeclampsia: a double-blind, randomized, clinical trial.
12  Drug Interaction Facts
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
DDIs (2 times)
DI (1 time)
DIAM (1 time)
2008 Clinically significant drug-drug interactions between oral anticancer agents and nonanticancer agents: profiling and comparison of two drug compendia.
13  dual inactivation and filtration
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PID (2 times)
Ig (1 time)
IVIG (1 time)
2007 A multicenter, prospective, open label, historically controlled clinical trial to evaluate efficacy and safety in primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) patients of Flebogamma 5% DIF, the next generation of Flebogamma.
14  Desarrollo Integral de la Familia
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BUA (1 time)
QUI (1 time)
2013 The impact of public expenditure on undernourishment distribution in Mexico.
15  detergent-insoluble fraction
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
locRNA (1 time)
MARCKS (1 time)
PLD (1 time)
2000 Activation of phospholipase D by PKC and GTPgammaS in human neuroblastoma cells overexpressing MARCKS.
16  deviation in form
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TMJs (1 time)
1985 The temporomandibular joint in young adults at autopsy: a morphologic classification and evaluation.
17  diclofenac sodium
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
6-keto-PGF1 alpha (1 time)
BK (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1996 Antinociceptive activity of a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (M-5011) with low ulcerogenic effects in mice.
18  diffuse
(2 times)
Photochemistry
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
PLH (1 time)
UVR (1 time)
2011 Morphologic differences in epiretinal membranes on ocular coherence tomography as a predictive factor for surgical outcome.
19  digoxin-like immunoreactive factor
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
RRM (1 time)
1993 Role of digitalis-like substance in experimental insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus hypertension.
20  diiodofluorescein
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DBF (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
RTF (1 time)
2004 Spectroscopy behavior of diiodofluorescein and tetrabromofluorescein.
21  direct IF
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IF (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
ABD (1 time)
2009 [Diagnostic significance of immunofluorescent tests in dermatology].
22  direct immunofluorescence test with monoclonal antibodies
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AEO (1 time)
BOO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1991 [Immunofluorescence detection in Chlamydia trachomatis in cervical smears using monoclonal antibodies].
23  dispersion-increasing fiber
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
SCR (1 time)
2011 Wavelength-tunable spectral compression in a dispersion-increasing fiber.
24  dog intestinal fluid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LBFs (1 time)
SIF (1 time)
2012 In vivo dog intestinal precipitation of mebendazole: a basic BCS class II drug.
25  dorsal intrafossa
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
--- 2017 Differences in velocity-information processing between two areas in the auditory cortex of mustached bats.
26  Dose increase factor
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
PDD (1 time)
TSE (1 time)
1998 [Hemo- and immunostimulating effect of an extract from blood cells of the Central Asian tortoise].
27  dual input function
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
PV (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2013 Kinetic analysis of FDG in rat liver: effect of dietary intervention on arterial and portal vein input.
28  dual-patterned immunofiltration
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
2016 Dual-patterned immunofiltration (DIF) device for the rapid efficient negative selection of heterogeneous circulating tumor cells.
29  3H-diazepam binding inhibitory factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Evidence for an endogenous factor interfering with 3H-diazepam binding to rat brain membranes.
30  A-DES and TAS subscale 'difficulty identifying feelings
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
A-DES (1 time)
TAS (1 time)
YSR (1 time)
2010 Adolescent dissociation and alexithymia are distinctive but overlapping phenomena.
31  anti-digoxin antibody Fab
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EDLFs (1 time)
Fab (1 time)
2013 Digoxin antibody fragment, antigen binding (Fab), treatment of preeclampsia in women with endogenous digitalis-like factor: a secondary analysis of the DEEP Trial.
32  data interchange format
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1986 PKCALC: a BASIC interactive computer program for statistical and pharmacokinetic analysis of data.
33  decimation in frequency
(1 time)
DIT (1 time)
IMDCT (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2008 Mixed-radix Algorithm for the Computation of Forward and Inverse MDCT.
34  dehydrogenase‑inhibitory fluoropyrimidine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2015 Favorable effect of the combination of vinorelbine and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase‑inhibitory fluoropyrimidine in EGFR‑mutated lung adenocarcinoma: retrospective and in vitro studies.
35  Demographic Information Form
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AAN (1 time)
PPF (1 time)
1993 Neurologists--1991 to 1992. Human Resources in Neurology Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.
36  dendritic-integration-rule-based I&F
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EPSP (1 time)
2013 Phenomenological incorporation of nonlinear dendritic integration using integrate-and-fire neuronal frameworks.
37  Design Information Framework
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Context-sensitive approach for interactive systems design: modular scenario-based methods for context representation.
38  Development Innovations Fund
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
GCC (1 time)
2011 Grand Challenges Canada: inappropriate emphasis and missed opportunities in global health research?
39  Development of the Family
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
U. de G (1 time)
2010 Comparative inter-institutional study of stress among dentists.
40  Diagnostic Imaging Fundamentals
(1 time)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Diagnostic Imaging Fundamentals: Brain Vascular Pathology.
41  diclofenac
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
NiHCF (1 time)
PEI (1 time)
2016 Design of folding-based impedimetric aptasensor for determination of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
42  dietary indigestible fraction
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
2004 The intake of dietary indigestible fraction in the Spanish diet shows the limitations of dietary fibre data for nutritional studies.
43  Dietary Intake Form
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NAR (1 time)
1984 A rapid dietary screening device for clinics.
44  dietary intake frequencies
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DST (1 time)
NR (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2018 Factors Influencing Dietary Intake Frequencies and Nutritional Risk among Community-Residing Older Adults.
45  Difenoconazole
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2018 Selection Pressure Pathways and Mechanisms of Resistance to the Demethylation Inhibitor-Difenoconazole in Penicillium expansum.
46  difenzoquat
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
DQ (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
M13 phage (1 time)
2019 Improvement of High Affinity and Selectivity on Biosensors Using Genetically Engineered Phage by Binding Isotherm Screening.
47  diferuloylmethane
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Functional nanoemulsion-hybrid lipid nanocarriers enhance the bioavailability and anti-cancer activity of lipophilic diferuloylmethane.
48  Diff-Quik
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
FAR (1 time)
HEM (1 time)
IVOS (1 time)
2001 Influence of sample preparation, staining procedure and analysis conditions on bull sperm head morphometry using the morphology analyser integrated visual optical system.
49  difference between max AR and basal AR
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RC (1 time)
1993 [Captopril test for detecting renal artery stenosis: changes in plasma renin concentration].
50  difference between test and retest scores
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS-PFP (1 time)
2006 Reliability and validity of the Assessment of Daily Activity Performance (ADAP) in community-dwelling older women.
51  Difference scores
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
D-Phe (1 time)
L-Phe (1 time)
mL (1 time)
2004 Variation in intake of sweet and bitter solutions by inbred strains of golden hamsters.
52  differential functioning analysis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IRT (1 time)
2018 Evaluating the 8-item overactive bladder questionnaire (OAB-v8) using item response theory.
53  differential imaging chlorophyll fluorescence
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
IDTA (1 time)
2008 Mesophyll freezing and effects of freeze dehydration visualized by simultaneous measurement of IDTA and differential imaging chlorophyll fluorescence.
54  differential item response
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CIPN (1 time)
EORTC (1 time)
2018 Rasch model-based testing of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (QLQ-CIPN20) using Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (Alliance) A151408 study data.
55  differentiated
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
onc (1 time)
OTU (1 time)
QUI (1 time)
1993 Structure and expression of hybrid dysgenesis-induced alleles of the ovarian tumor (otu) gene in Drosophila melanogaster.
56  differentiating ESC
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
ESC (1 time)
GSTA4 (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
2010 Proteome profiling of mouse embryonic stem cells to define markers for cell differentiation and embryotoxicity.
57  difficidin
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1987 Difficidin and oxydifficidin: novel broad spectrum antibacterial antibiotics produced by Bacillus subtilis. III. Mode of action of difficidin.
58  DIFFICULT
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Brain metabolism patterns are sensitive to attentional effort associated with a tone recognition task.
59  Difficulty in Identifying Feelings subscale
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
FIS (1 time)
SCL-90R (1 time)
2011 Psychophysical distress and alexithymic traits in chronic fatigue syndrome with and without comorbid depression.
60  diffuse concentric hypertrophy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASH (1 time)
MID (1 time)
My (1 time)
1995 [Evaluation of surgical procedures based on the types of hypertrophied obstructive cardiomyopathy].
61  diffuse diabetic glomerulosclerosis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
NOD (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2001 The relative prognosis of nodular and diffuse diabetic nephropathy.
62  diffuse glomerulosclerosis
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
Ccr (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2007 Nodular glomerular lesion: a later stage of diabetic nephropathy?
63  diffuse interstitial fibrosis patients
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CO (1 time)
FB (1 time)
1994 Differential Proliferative Characteristics of Alveolar Fibroblasts in Interstitial Lung Diseases: Regulative Role of IL-1 and PGE(2).
64  diffuse NHL
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
HLP (1 time)
NHL (1 time)
1991 Familial cancers associated with subtypes of leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
65  diffusion-induced isotope fractionation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CSIA (1 time)
2012 Transverse hydrodynamic dispersion effects on isotope signals in groundwater chlorinated solvents' plumes.
66  diffusion-weighted
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
1999 [Diffusion MRI and cerebral ischemia. When to calculate the coefficient of diffusion?].
67  diflucortolone valerate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ISO (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Liquid chromatographic and spectrophotometric determination of diflucortolone valerate and isoconazole nitrate in creams.
68  diftalone
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
1977 Methodology of kinetic interaction studies in clinical pharmacology: an experimental contribution on diftalone and acetylsalicylic acid.
69  digital filtering
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
FIR (1 time)
IIR (1 time)
2012 A model-based approach to trial-by-trial p300 amplitude fluctuations.
70  digitalis like factor
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CVM (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2003 Increased dietary potassium and magnesium attenuate experimental volume dependent hypertension possibly through endogenous sodium-potassium pump inhibitor.
71  digoxin immune Fab fragment
(1 time)
Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
(1 time)
EDLF (1 time)
PE (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2012 PP087. Deep trial secondary analysis: Digoxin immune fab fragment treatment has additional benefits in endogenous digitalis-like factor positive preeclamptic women.
72  dimensions 'identifying feelings
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2002 The assessment of alexithymia: a critical review of the literature and a psychometric study of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20.
73  dimensions of alexithymia: Identifying emotional feelings
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
EOT (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
TSIA (1 time)
2018 Correlations between TSIA and TAS-20 and their relation to self-reported negative affect: A study using a multi-method approach in the assessment of alexithymia in a nonclinical sample from Italy.
74  dimer interface
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GOF (1 time)
2012 Distinct requirement for an intact dimer interface in wild-type, V600E and kinase-dead B-Raf signalling.
75  direct cutaneous immunofluorescence
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
EPDL (1 time)
2011 [Erosive pustular dermatosis of the legs: retrospective study of 16 cases].
76  direct immunofluorescence detection procedure
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EIAs (1 time)
mZN (1 time)
2004 Comparison of direct immunofluorescence, modified acid-fast staining, and enzyme immunoassay techniques for detection of Cryptosporidium spp in naturally exposed kittens.
77  Direct immunofluorescence examination
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Dsg1 (1 time)
Dsg3 (1 time)
IIF (1 time)
2012 [Pemphigus chronicus vulgaris--case report].
78  direct immunofluorescent antibody test
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Immunofluorescence microscopy for the rapid diagnosis of melioidosis.
79  direct influent filtration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2001 Direct influent filtration as a pretreatment step for more sustainable wastewater treatment systems.
80  direct intercorporal fusion
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2005 Anterior stabilization in thoraco-lumbar scoliosis.
81  directional image force
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ZCS (1 time)
2000 A wavelet-frame based image force model for active contouring algorithms.
82  Disease Information Form
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PFBS (1 time)
SES (1 time)
2014 [The effect of family-to-family support programs provided for families of schizophrenic patients on information about illness, family burden and self-efficacy].
83  Disinhibition-Intentions for the Future
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
BN (1 time)
NVE (1 time)
2018 Sensation seeking, binge-type eating disorders, victimization, and PTSD in the National Women's Study.
84  distance of intervertebral foramina
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
JOA (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
2013 [Discectomy and discectomy plus Coflex fixation for lumbar disc herniation, a clinical comparison study].
85  distant intracranial failure
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 Stereotactic radiosurgery for single brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer: progression of extracranial disease correlates with distant intracranial failure.
86  diurnal intermittent fasting
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 The effects of diurnal intermittent fasting on the wake-promoting neurotransmitter orexin-A.
87  dog proximal small intestinal fluids
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HIF (1 time)
2012 Assessment of enzymatic prodrug stability in human, dog and simulated intestinal fluids.
88  Domain Interaction Footprint
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PRM (1 time)
2009 Domain Interaction Footprint: a multi-classification approach to predict domain-peptide interactions.
89  door-in-the-face
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
FID (1 time)
1984 A comparison of two behavioral influence techniques for improving blood donor recruitment.
90  dorsal intermediate facet
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DRF (1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1997 The effect of strenuous versus moderate exercise on the metabolism of proteoglycans in articular cartilage from different weight-bearing regions of the equine third carpal bone.
91  dorsal-related immunity factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CREB (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2011 Identification and characterization of five transcription factors that are associated with evolutionarily conserved immune signaling pathways in the schistosome-transmitting snail Biomphalaria glabrata.
92  double image frame
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2010 Simultaneous velocity and pressure measurements using luminescent microspheres.
93  double incremental expansion in FALCON coordinates
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Anharmonic vibrational spectra from double incremental potential energy and dipole surfaces.
94  double integration of vertical reaction force
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
CTM (1 time)
FP (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2011 Validity of two methods for estimation of vertical jump height.
95  drug inter-action file
(1 time)
--- 1979 The creation, maintenance and distribution of a computerized drug inter-action file (DIF).
96  drug interaction factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NONMEM (1 time)
2002 Pharmacoepidemiologic investigation of clonazepam relative clearance by mixed-effect modeling using routine clinical pharmacokinetic data in Japanese patients.
97  Drug Interaction Facts on Disk
(1 time)
--- 1992 Drug interaction microcomputer software evaluation: drug interaction facts on disk.
98  dry infant formula
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EEB (1 time)
RIF (1 time)
2009 Effect of heat treatment on Cronobacter spp. in reconstituted, dried infant formula: preparation guidelines for manufacturers.
99  dual blood input function
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
2008 Non-invasive estimation of hepatic blood perfusion from H2 15O PET images using tissue-derived arterial and portal input functions.
100  duodeno-intestinal flexure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 [The morphofunctional characteristics of the normal duodenojejunal flexure and in pathology of the extrahepatic bile ducts].