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Abbreviation: DIR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
deformable image registration
(422 times)
Biophysics
(222 times)
CT (73 times)
DSC (60 times)
CBCT (58 times)
2008 Assessment of dose reconstruction errors in image-guided radiation therapy.
double inversion recovery
(167 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(49 times)
MS (51 times)
MRI (40 times)
FLAIR (35 times)
1994 Technical note: use of a double inversion recovery pulse sequence to image selectively grey or white brain matter.
dissimilatory iron reduction
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
DIRB (3 times)
HA (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2005 Coupled Fe(II)-Fe(III) electron and atom exchange as a mechanism for Fe isotope fractionation during dissimilatory iron oxide reduction.
Dirigent
(13 times)
Botany
(3 times)
BrDIR (1 time)
DIRs (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2013 Characterization and expression analysis of dirigent family genes related to stresses in Brassica.
dorsal immobility response
(13 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(12 times)
Dyn A 1-17 (1 time)
Dyn A 1-8 (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
1983 The modulation of the dorsal immobility response in the adult male Wistar rat: the opposite effects of ACTH4-10 and [D-Phe7]ACTH4-10.
Dose Index Registry
(13 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
ACR (5 times)
DLP (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2012 Implementation of the ACR dose index registry at a large academic institution: early experience.
directional
(9 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
OMNI (7 times)
AV (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
2008 An objective measure for selecting microphone modes in OMNI/DIR hearing aid circuits.
daily insulin requirement
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
CSII (3 times)
T1D (3 times)
DKA (2 times)
2005 [Assessment of metabolic control and safety of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in prepubertal children with type 1 diabetes mellitus].
dirigent proteins
(7 times)
Botany
(3 times)
4CL (1 time)
C3H (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2006 Dirigent proteins in conifer defense: gene discovery, phylogeny, and differential wound- and insect-induced expression of a family of DIR and DIR-like genes in spruce (Picea spp.).
10  Developmental, Individual-differences, Relationship-based
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ASD (2 times)
FEAS (2 times)
CARS (1 time)
2003 Climbing the symbolic ladder in the DIR model through floor time/interactive play.
11  direct
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IND (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of an automatic oscillometric method and of various cuffs for the measurement of arterial pressure in the neonate.
12  directly activated
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACh (6 times)
AXR (4 times)
QSART (3 times)
2006 Prolonged residence of temperate natives in the tropics produces a suppression of sweating.
13  dot-in-rod
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ASE (1 time)
DORs (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2013 Beyond band alignment: hole localization driven formation of three spatially separated long-lived exciton states in CdSe/CdS nanorods.
14  deep inguinal ring
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
ASIS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
2003 Where exactly is the deep inguinal ring in patients with inguinal hernias?
15  dimethylindole red
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
OTB (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2012 A variable light domain fluorogen activating protein homodimerizes to activate dimethylindole red.
16  disseminated infection rate
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
Aaa (1 time)
Aaf (1 time)
CHIKV (1 time)
2005 Selection of D2S3, an Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) strain with high oral susceptibility to Dengue 2 virus and D2MEB, a strain with a midgut barrier to Dengue 2 escape.
17  deformable registration
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DSC (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
DSI (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of the Block Matching deformable registration algorithm in the field of head-and-neck adaptive radiotherapy.
18  DA inhibition reversal
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DA (3 times)
cPKC (2 times)
VTA (2 times)
2011 Reversal of dopamine inhibition of dopaminergic neurons of the ventral tegmental area is mediated by protein kinase C.
19  daily intake rate
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2015 Heavy metal content in vegetables and fruits cultivated in Baia Mare mining area (Romania) and health risk assessment.
20  deep infection rate
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
IM (1 time)
1995 Contributing factors influencing type III open tibial fractures.
21  dietary induced obesity resistant
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DIO (3 times)
CON (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2005 Interaction of dietary composition and PYY gene expression in diet-induced obesity in rats.
22  directional processing
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
ANL (1 time)
DNR (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2013 The effect of hearing aid signal-processing schemes on acceptable noise levels: perception and prediction.
23  directionality
(3 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
SNR (2 times)
ANL (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2014 Relating hearing loss and executive functions to hearing aid users' preference for, and speech recognition with, different combinations of binaural noise reduction and microphone directionality.
24  disinhibitory region
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
RF (3 times)
LGN (1 time)
1987 Effects of patterned backgrounds on responses of lateral geniculate neurons in cat.
25  dopamine inhibition reversal
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
DAergic (1 time)
2012 Reversal of quinpirole inhibition of ventral tegmental area neurons is linked to the phosphatidylinositol system and is induced by agonists linked to G(q).
26  dopamine-induced glomerular filtration response
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
NAG (2 times)
cl (1 time)
EPO (1 time)
2004 Effect of 12-month therapy with omega-3 polyunsaturated acids on glomerular filtration response to dopamine in IgA nephropathy.
27  double IR
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
IR (2 times)
MASTIR (2 times)
scMRI (2 times)
2003 Comparison of inversion recovery preparation schemes for lipid suppression in 1H MRSI of human brain.
28  Drosophila insulin receptor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IRS (2 times)
dIRS (1 time)
DTT (1 time)
1995 Drosophila insulin receptor: lectin-binding properties and a role for oxidation-reduction of receptor thiols in activation.
29  Drug-induced rhabdomyolysis
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DIRA (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
FAERS (1 time)
2018 Drug-Induced Rhabdomyolysis Atlas (DIRA) for idiosyncratic adverse drug reaction management.
30  data of the German IVF registry
(2 times)
Reproduction
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
EP (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2005 To agonize or antagonize in gonadotrophin stimulation cycles?
31  dataset information resource
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2018 Developing a healthcare dataset information resource (DIR) based on Semantic Web.
32  death-inducing receptors
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
AICD (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
2002 Activation-induced T cell death, and aberrant T cell activation via TNFR1 and CD95-CD95 ligand pathway in stable cardiac transplant recipients.
33  deformable registration algorithms
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
HD max (1 time)
2018 Quantitative evaluation of the performance of different deformable image registration algorithms in helical, axial, and cone-beam CT images using a mobile phantom.
34  delayed induced resistance
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IDIR (1 time)
RIR (1 time)
1998 Delayed induced changes in the biochemical composition of host plant leaves during an insect outbreak.
35  delayed item recognition
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FSS (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2008 Age effects on load-dependent brain activations in working memory for novel material.
36  Dental Implant Registry
(2 times)
Biomedical and Dental Materials
(1 time)
--- 2022 Design and Evaluation of Web-Based Dental Implant Registry (DIR) for Better Clinical Outcomes.
37  detection-over-induction ratio
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CDR (1 time)
DDREF (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2006 Enhanced biological effectiveness of low energy X-rays and implications for the UK breast screening programme.
38  diabetes plus ischaemia-reperfusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
DC (2 times)
DIRD (2 times)
2015 Dexmedetomidine protects from post-myocardial ischaemia reperfusion lung damage in diabetic rats.
39  diabetes+I/R group
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
I/R (2 times)
DA (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2015 The effect of levosimendan on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
40  diabetic-IR
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
aHR (1 time)
2015 Effect of levosimendan on erythrocyte deformability during myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury.
41  diagnostic imaging requests
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2015 Diagnostic imaging requisition quality when using an electronic medical record: a before-after study.
42  diameter increase rate
(2 times)
CBR (2 times)
LBF (1 time)
2017 Growth, chamber building rate and reproduction time of Palaeonummulites venosus (Foraminifera) under natural conditions.
43  Digital Image Intensifier Radiography
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
NMR (1 time)
1989 [New aspects of radiologic pelvimetry. Digital image intensification radiography: preliminary results of validation possibilities and results in various types of pelvic disproportion].
44  digital image ratio
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1996 Digital image ratio: a new radiographic method for quantifying changes in alveolar bone. Part 1: Theory and methodology.
45  digital industrial radiography
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
PTV (1 time)
TBRs (1 time)
2014 X-ray digital industrial radiography (DIR) for local liquid velocity (V(LL)) measurement in trickle bed reactors (TBRs): validation of the technique.
46  dimethyl-indole red
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FAPs (2 times)
2008 A rainbow of fluoromodules: a promiscuous scFv protein binds to and activates a diverse set of fluorogenic cyanine dyes.
47  direct and indirect remuneration
(2 times)
Managed Care Programs
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
PBMs (1 time)
2017 Direct and Indirect Remuneration Fees: The Controversy Continues.
48  directed-attention
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
DIV (2 times)
IA (2 times)
AERPs (1 time)
2012 Dichotic listening performance in young adults using low-pass filtered speech.
49  Directigen RSV
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
RSV (2 times)
DFA (1 time)
TP (1 time)
1992 Respiratory syncytial virus: a comparison of diagnostic modalities.
50  Discontinuation incidence rate
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
DMARDs (2 times)
RA (1 time)
2020 Clinical Management and Discontinuation of Treatment in Patients with Recent Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis in a Rheumatology Consultation.
51  dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AQDS (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2016 Electron Shuttles Enhance Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation Coupled to Iron(III) Reduction.
52  dissimilatory microbial iron reduction
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
2016 Microbial Fe(III) oxide reduction potential in Chocolate Pots hot spring, Yellowstone National Park.
53  distant intracranial recurrence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
WBRT (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2012 Fifty percent patients avoid whole brain radiotherapy: stereotactic radiotherapy for multiple brain metastases: a retrospective analysis of a single center.
54  DM+I/R
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
DS (2 times)
HG (2 times)
2019 Ferroptosis Is Involved in Diabetes Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Through Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress.
55  dose improvement ratio
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DRR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2001 Evaluating the effectiveness of a longitudinal magnetic field in reducing underdosing of the regions around upper respiratory cavities irradiated with photon beams--a Monte Carlo study.
56  double inversion recovery imaging
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DSI (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
2006 Imaging the neocortex in epilepsy with double inversion recovery imaging.
57  dynamic instability region
(2 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
DQM (2 times)
CNTs (1 time)
ESDBT (1 time)
2021 Dynamic Stability Analysis in Hybrid Nanocomposite Polymer Beams Reinforced by Carbon Fibers and Carbon Nanotubes.
58  1,5-dideoxy-1,5-imino-(l)-ribitol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
4-epi-IFG (1 time)
2015 N-Alkyl-, 1-C-Alkyl-, and 5-C-Alkyl-1,5-dideoxy-1,5-imino-(L)-ribitols as Galactosidase Inhibitors.
59  adaptive-directional
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
OMNI (1 time)
2002 Influence of environmental factors on hearing aid microphone preference.
60  challenges--direct and indirect remuneration
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
2017 Issues Confronting Rural Pharmacies after a Decade of Medicare Part D.
61  D gene segments with irregular spacers
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
TdT (1 time)
1998 Use of D gene segments with irregular spacers in terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase (TdT)+/+ and TdT-/- mice carrying a human Ig heavy chain transgenic minilocus.
62  D genes with irregular recombination signal sequences
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 No evidence for the use of DIR, D-D fusions, chromosome 15 open reading frames or VH replacement in the peripheral repertoire was found on application of an improved algorithm, JointML, to 6329 human immunoglobulin H rearrangements.
63  Dahl-Iwai salt-resistant
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
1995 Brain angiotensin II contributes to the development of hypertension in Dahl-Iwai salt-sensitive rats.
64  Data Ink Ratio
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
DDI (1 time)
1998 Graphic data representation in anaesthesiological journals: a proposed methodology for assessment of appropriateness.
65  death, infection, and recovery
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
MAPE (1 time)
NPI (1 time)
2022 A death, infection, and recovery (DIR) model to forecast the COVID-19 spread.
66  Death-Infection-Recovery
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
MAPE (1 time)
NPI (1 time)
2022 A death, infection, and recovery (DIR) model to forecast the COVID-19 spread.
67  debt-to-income ratio
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
CSU (1 time)
DVM (1 time)
FES (1 time)
2019 Integrating Individual Student Advising into Financial Education to Optimize Financial Literacy in Veterinary Students.
68  decompensated IR
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
CIR (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2007 Characterization of insulin resistance syndrome in children and young adults. When to screen for prediabetes?
69  Deformable computed tomography image registration
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CIRT (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
OARs (1 time)
2020 Mixed-beam approach for high-risk prostate cancer: Carbon-ion boost followed by photon intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Dosimetric and geometric evaluations (AIRC IG-14300).
70  deinking residue
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MW-assisted (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2015 Simultaneous recovery of organic and inorganic content of paper deinking residue through low-temperature microwave-assisted pyrolysis.
71  delayed inflammatory reactions
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ACE2 (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2021 "COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 virus spike protein-related delayed inflammatory reaction to hyaluronic acid dermal fillers: a challenging clinical conundrum in diagnosis and treatment".
72  delayed infusion reactions
(1 time)
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2016 Delayed Infusion Reactions to Enzyme Replacement Therapies.
73  Department of Intramural Research
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
APRN (1 time)
DNP (1 time)
NINR (1 time)
2021 Defining the role of individuals prepared as a doctor of nurse practice in symptoms science research.
74  depolarization-induced release
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
2002 Can the Ca2+ hypothesis and the Ca2+-voltage hypothesis for neurotransmitter release be reconciled?
75  depression-like and insulin-resistant
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2014 Depression-like behaviors in mice subjected to co-treatment of high-fat diet and corticosterone are ameliorated by AICAR and exercise.
76  diabetes mellitus rats + I/R
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2018 Adiponectin protects against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
77  diabetic treated with insulin plus resveratrol
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
DP (1 time)
G6PC (1 time)
2016 Resveratrol improves glycemic control in insulin-treated diabetic rats: participation of the hepatic territory.
78  diabetic-insulin and RES-treated
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
dpp (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2017 Resveratrol attenuates reproductive alterations in type 1 diabetes-induced rats.
79  diarrhea-inducing region
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
AAH73-85 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 N- and C-terminal cooperation in rotavirus enterotoxin: novel mechanism of modulation of the properties of a multifunctional protein by a structurally and functionally overlapping conformational domain.
80  dietary index for IR
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DIH (1 time)
HI (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2022 Development and validation of dietary and lifestyle insulinemic indices among Iranian adult population.
81  dietary intake record
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BIQ (1 time)
USG (1 time)
2016 Validity and reliability of beverage intake questionnaire: evaluating hydration status.
82  difference in isoform ratios
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
NRTKs (1 time)
RTKs (1 time)
2022 Characterization and clustering of kinase isoform expression in metastatic melanoma.
83  different in the exposed
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HTs (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2007 Immunological memory of mountain birches: effects of phenolics on performance of the autumnal moth depend on herbivory history of trees.
84  differential instant radiosity
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
VPLs (1 time)
2013 Reflective and refractive objects for mixed reality.
85  differential intensity ratios
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2018 Robust Energy Calibration Technique for Photon Counting Spectral Detectors.
86  differential interferometric refractive index
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AFFF (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
LEHb (1 time)
2003 Determination of size distribution and encapsulation efficiency of liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin blood substitutes using asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation coupled with multi-angle static light scattering.
87  differential intron retention
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
Iso-Seq (1 time)
2018 Abiotic Stresses Modulate Landscape of Poplar Transcriptome via Alternative Splicing, Differential Intron Retention, and Isoform Ratio Switching.
88  diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IAC (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2018 Conservative treatment of diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma: optical coherence tomography-assisted diagnosis and follow-up in three consecutive cases.
89  Diffuse invasive recurrence
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HGG (1 time)
2010 Change in pattern of relapse after antiangiogenic therapy in high-grade glioma.
90  diffusion-influenced reactions
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Theory of diffusion-influenced reactions in complex geometries.
91  digital inflection rigidometer
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Importance of axial penile rigidity in objective evaluation of erection quality in patients with erectile dysfunction--comparison with radial rigidity.
92  Direcao Regional de Saude
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
EPF (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2001 Endemic Pemphigus foliaceus ("Fogo selvagem"): a series from the Northeastern region of the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1973-1998.
93  Direct estimates
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
BFH (1 time)
MFH (1 time)
UFH (1 time)
2022 Multivariate small area modelling of undernutrition prevalence among under-five children in Bangladesh.
94  direct from scene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IHT (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2011 Direct admission versus inter-hospital transfer to a level I trauma unit improves survival: an audit of the new Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital trauma unit.
95  direct laryngoscopy
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
VID (1 time)
2009 Airway intubation in a helicopter cabin: video vs. direct laryngoscopy in manikins.
96  direct preparation samples
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
QF-PCR (1 time)
2009 The replacement of cytogenetic analysis by direct chorionic villi sampling preparation with quantitative fluorescence PCR.
97  direct stenting
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CSB (1 time)
LMCA (1 time)
2020 Impact of lesion preparation strategies on outcomes of left main PCI: The EXCEL trial.
98  direct to indirect ratio
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2003 A study of the correction factor for ultraviolet phototherapy dose measurements made by the indirect method.
99  direct transition to novel TMR
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
COM (1 time)
DM (1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2015 Short communication: Feed sorting of dairy heifers is influenced by method of dietary transition.
100  Direct trocar insertion
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
OP (1 time)
VER (1 time)
2013 A comparison of three different entry techniques in gynecological laparoscopic surgery: a randomized prospective trial.