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Abbreviation: DL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
deep learning
(304 times)
Medical Informatics
(41 times)
ML (48 times)
CNN (31 times)
AI (27 times)
2015 Deep Learning for Drug-Induced Liver Injury.
detection limit
(211 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(74 times)
QL (20 times)
RSD (13 times)
CV (9 times)
1992 Nocturnal plasma levels of cytokines in healthy men.
direct laryngoscopy
(160 times)
Emergency Medicine
(44 times)
VL (54 times)
GVL (17 times)
CI (16 times)
1989 Indirect videolaryngoscopy versus direct endoscopy for larynx and pharynx cancer staging. Toward elimination of preliminary direct laryngoscopy.
drug loading
(121 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
EE (80 times)
PDI (15 times)
DSC (14 times)
2001 [Preparation of cucurbitacinBE polylactic acid nano-particles for targeting cervical lymph nodes].
dose level
(101 times)
Neoplasms
(74 times)
MTD (37 times)
DLT (31 times)
DLTs (11 times)
1998 Ventricular arrhythmia and torsade de pointe: dose limiting toxicities of the MDR-modulator S9788 in a phase I trial.
Dalton's lymphoma
(100 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
TAM (7 times)
BMC (6 times)
BMDM (6 times)
1990 Activation of murine macrophages by tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, interferon-gamma and cisplatin.
dorsolateral
(94 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
DM (32 times)
VL (15 times)
VM (13 times)
1975 [Effects of stimulating the caudal zones of the mesencephalic reticular formation on the postcruciate cortex of the cat].
dichotic listening
(87 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
REA (24 times)
LEA (11 times)
CV (10 times)
1981 Cortical laterality and asymmetry of the Hoffmann reflex in psychiatric patients.
diagnostic laparoscopy
(76 times)
General Surgery
(50 times)
PAT (8 times)
EL (7 times)
LUS (7 times)
1991 Diagnostic laparotomy in fever of unknown origin.
10  dioxin-like
(65 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
PCBs (38 times)
NDL (20 times)
AhR (10 times)
2006 Contamination of free-range chicken eggs with dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls.
11  distal latency
(52 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
DCI (16 times)
IRP (12 times)
MCV (12 times)
1982 [Motor conduction velocities and distal latencies in multiple sclerosis].
12  dyslipidemia
(48 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
HT (24 times)
DM (18 times)
OR (6 times)
1996 A metabolic syndrome in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. A controlled study.
13  difference limen
(39 times)
Psychology
(15 times)
PSE (9 times)
CI (2 times)
IOI (2 times)
1969 Behavioral discrimination of click intensity in cat.
14  diode laser
(38 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
SRP (5 times)
CAL (4 times)
DH (3 times)
1996 Semiconductor diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation versus filtering surgery with Mitomycin-C.
15  ductal lavage
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
NAF (5 times)
RPFNA (5 times)
DCIS (3 times)
2002 The utility of ductal lavage in breast cancer detection and risk assessment.
16  dictionary learning
(33 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
CS (7 times)
CT (7 times)
AD (2 times)
2013 Improving abdomen tumor low-dose CT images using a fast dictionary learning based processing.
17  Dieulafoy's lesion
(32 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
GI (9 times)
EBL (3 times)
APC (2 times)
2005 Dieulafoy's lesion: a case series study.
18  double layer
(30 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
SL (6 times)
DSSCs (2 times)
EIS (2 times)
1993 Comparison of continuous single layer polypropylene anastomosis with double layer and stapled anastomoses in elective colon resections.
19  delayed luminescence
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
HDW (2 times)
LDW (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
1977 [Delayed chloroplast luminescence. Activation and suppression].
20  distolingual
(26 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
DB (16 times)
MB (9 times)
CBCT (7 times)
2005 Effect of partial recording protocols on estimates of prevalence of periodontal disease.
21  drip loss
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
CL (14 times)
SF (9 times)
WHC (9 times)
2001 Estimation of the genetic parameters of meat characteristics and of their genetic correlations with growth and body composition in an experimental broiler line.
22  desloratadine
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
FEX (2 times)
FSA (2 times)
IgE (2 times)
2001 Evaluation of the interaction of loratadine and desloratadine with P-glycoprotein.
23  distance learning
(19 times)
Education
(4 times)
DE (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2001 The virtual revolution: implications for academe.
24  Donath-Landsteiner
(19 times)
Hematology
(15 times)
PCH (13 times)
AIHA (5 times)
RBC (3 times)
1975 Autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
25  deadlift
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
BP (8 times)
SQ (7 times)
1RM (3 times)
1988 Time to fatigue during isometric exercise using different muscle masses.
26  dominant lethal
(18 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
DI (3 times)
EMS (2 times)
SLT (2 times)
1975 Innate metabolic differences and mutagen sensitivity of Drosophila melanogaster. I. Radiosensitivity of hyperkinetic mutant.
27  delayed loading
(16 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
IL (13 times)
EL (2 times)
ISQ (2 times)
2004 Implant stability measurement of delayed and immediately loaded implants during healing.
28  demarcation line
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
EGC (5 times)
M-NBI (4 times)
MSP (3 times)
1987 Existence of a connecting system in the flagellar apparatus and the accessory structures of Trypanosoma evansi.
29  dim light
(16 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
BL (11 times)
SR (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
1991 Bright light effects on body temperature, alertness, EEG and behavior.
30  DROOPING LEAF
(16 times)
Botany
(8 times)
CRC (3 times)
CNS (1 time)
dl-sup1 (1 time)
2003 SUPERWOMAN1 and DROOPING LEAF genes control floral organ identity in rice.
31  defensive linemen
(15 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
OL (14 times)
DB (11 times)
LB (10 times)
1988 Isokinetic leg flexion and extension strength of university football players.
32  dermatopathic lymphadenitis
(15 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
AOSD (2 times)
LC (2 times)
LCH (2 times)
1980 Dermatopathic lymphadenopathy and lymph node involvement in mycosis fungoides.
33  disabled list
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
MLB (13 times)
MRI (3 times)
UCL (3 times)
2013 Glenohumeral findings on magnetic resonance imaging correlate with innings pitched in asymptomatic pitchers.
34  disseminated leishmaniasis
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
CL (11 times)
ML (5 times)
ATL (3 times)
2002 Disseminated leishmaniasis: a new and emerging form of leishmaniasis observed in northeastern Brazil.
35  dentate line
(14 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
ARL (3 times)
LAR (3 times)
IPAA (2 times)
1986 [Problems in general rules/TNM classification, and prognosis--rectal cancer].
36  description logic
(14 times)
Medical Informatics
(10 times)
MSC (2 times)
FHIR (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2004 Overview and utilization of the NCI thesaurus.
37  direct lateral
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
DA (7 times)
THA (7 times)
PL (5 times)
2013 Does the surgical approach in one stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty affect blood loss?
38  double-layered
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PAG (2 times)
tl (2 times)
BMP-2 (1 time)
1983 Collaterals of spinothalamic cells in the rat.
39  day length
(13 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
AI (1 time)
AT (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
1984 Seasonal relationships of thyroid, sexual and adrenocortical hormones to nutritional parameters and climatic factors in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) of south Texas.
40  decidual lymphocytes
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
PBL (9 times)
DAC (5 times)
NK (3 times)
1994 Differential expression of adhesion and homing molecules by human decidual and peripheral blood lymphocytes in early pregnancy.
41  dried latex
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CPH (2 times)
PBZ (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
2003 Histamine mediates the pro-inflammatory effect of latex of Calotropis procera in rats.
42  DiversiLab
(12 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
PFGE (8 times)
rep-PCR (6 times)
MRSA (4 times)
2010 Evaluation of the DiversiLab system for detection of hospital outbreaks of infections by different bacterial species.
43  decompressive laparotomy
(10 times)
Traumatology
(4 times)
ACS (7 times)
IAP (3 times)
EVAR (2 times)
2007 Increased intra-abdominal, intrathoracic, and intracranial pressure after severe brain injury: multiple compartment syndrome.
44  DerSimonian-Laird
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
BD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1999 Evidence that metastasis is less common in cirrhotic than normal liver: a systematic review of post-mortem case-control studies.
45  drug-likeness
(10 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
OB (9 times)
ADME (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
2017 Elucidation of the Anti-Inflammatory Mechanisms of Bupleuri and Scutellariae Radix Using System Pharmacological Analyses.
46  d-limonene
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CA (2 times)
DCB (2 times)
NBR (2 times)
1984 The effect of quenching agents on contact urticaria caused by cinnamic aldehyde.
47  deep layer
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
UL (4 times)
AB (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1980 Alcian blue staining during the formation of mesoblast in the primitive streak stage chick blastoderm.
48  double-lumen
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SL (5 times)
CVCs (2 times)
HB (2 times)
1990 Increased infection rate in double-lumen versus single-lumen Hickman catheters in cancer patients.
49  duct ligation
(9 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ICG (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
1986 Relation between renal and hepatic excretion of drugs: I. Phenol red in comparison with p-aminohippurate and indocyanine green.
50  decision latitude
(8 times)
Occupational Medicine
(6 times)
PJD (5 times)
CI (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2003 [Reliability of the Karasek scale in the assessment of perceived occupational stress and gender-related differences in scores. The SEMM study].
51  diltiazem
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
NF (6 times)
HB (5 times)
AH (3 times)
1985 Antiarrhythmic effect of diltiazem during halothane anesthesia in dogs and in humans.
52  dominant leg
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
NDL (5 times)
NL (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2013 Side-to-side differences in the lower leg muscle-bone unit in male soccer players.
53  dorsolateral area
(8 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MT (7 times)
DM (3 times)
CO (2 times)
1988 Cortical connections of area 18 and dorsolateral visual cortex in squirrel monkeys.
54  double-leg
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SL (6 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2011 Differences in time-frequency representation of lower limbs myoelectric activity during single and double leg landing in male athletes.
55  decision levels
(7 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
ROC (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
1992 Exact calculation of probabilities of false positives and false negatives for low background counting.
56  deep level
(7 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
NBE (5 times)
PL (2 times)
UV (2 times)
2005 Effects of thermal annealing on the structural and optical properties of Mg(x)Zn(1-x)O nanocrystals.
57  difficult laryngoscopy
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AUC (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
DI (2 times)
2003 Increased body mass index per se is not a predictor of difficult laryngoscopy.
58  diffuse leiomyomatosis
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AS (5 times)
ASDL (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
1993 Deletion of the paired alpha 5(IV) and alpha 6(IV) collagen genes in inherited smooth muscle tumors.
59  dorsolateral visual area
(7 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MT (4 times)
DI (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1984 Cortical connections of the middle temporal visual area (MT) and the superior temporal cortex in owl monkeys.
60  drug loading capacity
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
EE (5 times)
AFM (1 time)
BBD (1 time)
2007 Preparation and characteristic of vinorelbine bitartrate-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.
61  dark-light
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
LD (3 times)
EPM (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
2001 Strain differences in some immune parameters can be obscured by circadian variations and laboratory routines: studies of male C57BL/6J, Balb/c and CB6 F1 mice.
62  dauer larvae
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RH (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2012 Low survivorship of dauer larva in the nematode Caenorhabditis japonica, a potential comparative system for a model organism, C. elegans.
63  Delta-like
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
DN3 (2 times)
AIA (1 time)
iPSCs (1 time)
2010 Context-dependent regulation of hematopoietic lineage choice by HEBAlt.
64  deltoid ligament
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
AITFL (2 times)
IOL (2 times)
PITFL (2 times)
1996 [Lesions of the collateral ligaments of the ankle: diagnosis and follow-up with magnetic resonance and ultrasonography].
65  developmental level
(6 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
ASD (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
1976 Perceptual development on the Rorschach.
66  dioxane lignin
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
MWL (4 times)
DFRC (2 times)
AL (1 time)
2000 Structural characterization of the lignin from the nodes and internodes of Arundo donax reed.
67  discharge letter
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GP (3 times)
DS (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
1994 [A short discharge letter with a copy to the patient--satisfactory for patients and practitioners].
68  distal motor latency
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CTS (2 times)
CV (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
1983 An experimental study of the combined effects of n-hexane and methyl ethyl ketone.
69  double loop
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SL (3 times)
AO (1 time)
DISL (1 time)
2007 Biomechanical comparison of dual interlocking single loop and double loop tension band techniques to the classic AO tension band technique for repair of olecranon osteotomies in dogs.
70  driveline
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LVAD (3 times)
HMII (2 times)
DLI (1 time)
2014 Modified HeartMate II driveline externalization technique significantly decreases incidence of infection and improves long-term survival.
71  drug levels
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADAb (1 time)
anti-TNF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1993 Effects of phencyclidine-type drugs in rats discriminating fentanyl from saline: pharmacological and behavioral characterization of intermediate levels of drug lever selection.
72  dry latex
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ALP (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2000 Preliminary studies on the analgesic activity of latex of Calotropris procera.
73  lung diffusing capacity
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
VA (3 times)
CO (2 times)
Dm (2 times)
1991 Effect of lung volume and positional changes on pulmonary diffusing capacity and its components.
74  Definitive laparotomy
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DCL (1 time)
1993 'Damage control': an approach for improved survival in exsanguinating penetrating abdominal injury.
75  dehydrocostus lactone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of LPS-induced NO production and NF-kappaB activation by a sesquiterpene from Saussurea lappa.
76  demyelinating leukoencephalitis
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CDV (3 times)
IL (2 times)
TGF (2 times)
1999 Dominating interleukin-10 mRNA expression induction in cerebrospinal fluid cells of dogs with natural canine distemper virus induced demyelinating and non-demyelinating CNS lesions.
77  deviceless
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
KC (3 times)
LR (2 times)
4DCT (1 time)
2016 Harnessing the Foreign Body Reaction in Marginal Mass Device-less Subcutaneous Islet Transplantation in Mice.
78  didactic lectures
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CBL (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
1987 A comparison of the teaching effectiveness of the didactic lecture and the problem-oriented small group session: a prospective study.
79  differential learning
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
IMA (1 time)
2016 On the optimal degree of fluctuations in practice for motor learning.
80  dorsal lumbotomy
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
DLEL (1 time)
FL (1 time)
IVU (1 time)
2009 Short stay pyeloplasty with transverse dorsal lumbotomy incision: our 10-year experience.
81  downlink
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
UL (3 times)
GSM (2 times)
PDE (2 times)
2012 Dynamic subframe allocation for mobile broadband m-health using IEEE 802.16j mobile multihop relay networks.
82  drop landing
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
DJ (1 time)
DVJ (1 time)
FVJ (1 time)
2010 Does a drop landing represent a whole skill landing and is this moderated by fatigue?
83  drug loaded
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BLK (3 times)
CAR (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2009 Polybutylcyanoacrylate magnetic nanoparticles as carriers of adriamycin.
84  drug loading efficiency
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EE (5 times)
PTX (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2012 A novel strategy for encapsulating poorly soluble drug into nanostructured lipid carriers for intravenous administration.
85  durable wall lining
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
IRS (2 times)
kdr (1 time)
LLIN (1 time)
2012 Pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae, in Bomi County, Liberia, compromises malaria vector control.
86  de leche
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DAD (1 time)
HMF (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2004 Sensory shelf life of dulce de leche.
87  defect length
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BG collagen (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
CBV (1 time)
2005 Ex vivo evaluation of the capacity of the Tri Auto ZX to locate the apical foramen during root canal retreatment.
88  deformable liposomes
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CL (3 times)
TEM (2 times)
DEL (1 time)
2010 Skin delivery of ferulic acid from different vesicular systems.
89  dendritic leukocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DC (2 times)
FCS (1 time)
IDC (1 time)
1988 Lymph-borne dendritic leucocytes do not recirculate, but enter the lymph node paracortex to become interdigitating cells.
90  diagnostic lobectomy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2004 Diagnostic lobectomy for unilateral follicular nodules of the thyroid gland.
91  diffuse esophageal leiomyomatosis
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AS (4 times)
DL-AS (1 time)
1992 Alport syndrome and diffuse leiomyomatosis: deletions in the 5' end of the COL4A5 collagen gene.
92  diffusing capacity of the lung
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
VC (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
1975 [Obstructive pulmonary emphysema. Evolution of various parameters of pulmonary function and its correlation].
93  direct Macintosh laryngoscope
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2012 Orotracheal intubation of morbidly obese patients, comparison of GlideScope() video laryngoscope and the LMA CTrach™ with direct laryngoscopy.
94  distal late
(4 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
PCT (2 times)
PST (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2015 The transcriptional coactivator Taz regulates proximodistal patterning of the pronephric tubule in zebrafish.
95  distal leg
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PT (3 times)
IENFs (2 times)
ART (1 time)
2007 Correlates of epidermal nerve fiber densities in HIV-associated distal sensory polyneuropathy.
96  distributed learning
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
2002 The role of open learning in nurse education. Does it have a place?
97  DiversiLab system
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
PFGE (4 times)
CCs (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
2009 Comparison of typing results obtained for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates with the DiversiLab system and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
98  dog-leg
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
STD (1 time)
1997 External beam abdominal radiotherapy in patients with seminoma stage I: field type, testicular dose, and spermatogenesis.
99  donor leukocytes
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
ACI (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1988 Induction of donor-specific unresponsiveness to rat cardiac allograft by donor leukocytes and cyclosporine.
100  dorsal lobe
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
VL (3 times)
aHF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2007 Lobe identity in the Mongolian gerbil prostatic complex: a new rodent model for prostate study.