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Abbreviation: DLC
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Long forms: 119

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diamond-like carbon
(279 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(105 times)
XPS (21 times)
AFM (14 times)
SEM (10 times)
1989 A stopped-flow mixer device for a batch microcalorimeter application to NAD-NADase reaction.
differential leukocyte count
(38 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
TLC (13 times)
Hb (8 times)
PCV (7 times)
1983 Haematological changes induced by feeding a common food colour, metanil yellow, in albino mice.
dynein light chain
(19 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
cAMP (2 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
CREB (2 times)
1999 Characterisation of a family of Schistosoma japonicum proteins related to dynein light chains.
drug loading content
(17 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DOX (3 times)
EE (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
2001 Taxol-loaded block copolymer nanospheres composed of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) and poly(epsilon-caprolactone) as novel anticancer drug carriers.
delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(16 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
ELC (12 times)
AC (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2003 Prospective evaluation of emergency versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for early cholecystitis.
drug loading capacity
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DOX (7 times)
DDS (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
2012 Composite polylactic-methacrylic Acid copolymer nanoparticles for the delivery of methotrexate.
digitalis-like compounds
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HPA (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
EDLC (1 time)
1991 Identification of 11,13-dihydroxy-14-octadecaenoic acid as a circulating Na+/K(+)-ATPase inhibitor.
double-lumen catheter
(13 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
ECMO (3 times)
HD (2 times)
TLC (2 times)
1979 A method for obtaining swine alveolar macrophages by segmental pulmonary lavage.
discotic liquid crystal
(12 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CT (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
HAT6 (2 times)
2005 Surface-mediated photoalignment of discotic liquid crystals on azobenzene polymer films.
10  dioxin-like compounds
(11 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
AhR (5 times)
PCBs (3 times)
TCDD (3 times)
2007 Detection of dioxin-like contaminants in soil from the area of oil refineries in Vojvodina region of Serbia.
11  decompensated liver cirrhosis
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CLC (3 times)
tPA (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1985 Evaluation of Talbot's safety zone of infusion volume and osmolality in infusion therapy for decompensated liver cirrhosis.
12  Deleted in liver cancer
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HCC (4 times)
GAP (2 times)
GAPs (2 times)
2003 Deleted in liver cancer (DLC) 2 encodes a RhoGAP protein with growth suppressor function and is underexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma.
13  diffuse large cell
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
OS (4 times)
NHL (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1991 Clinical significance of histology and immunophenotype in childhood diffuse large cell lymphoma.
14  double-lumen cannula
(8 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
PA (3 times)
CFD (2 times)
PAL (2 times)
2008 Wang-Zwische double lumen cannula-toward a percutaneous and ambulatory paracorporeal artificial lung.
15  dynamic lung compliance
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PVR (5 times)
CPB (2 times)
OA (2 times)
1991 Long-term lung preservation with the PAF antagonist BN 52021.
16  delayed longitudinal contraction
(7 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CRT (5 times)
LV (4 times)
LVEF (3 times)
2002 Sequential versus simultaneous biventricular resynchronization for severe heart failure: evaluation by tissue Doppler imaging.
17  delocalized lipophilic cations
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
BNCT (1 time)
NCT (1 time)
2000 Comparative in vitro evaluation of dequalinium B, a new boron carrier for neutron capture therapy (NCT).
18  diffuse large cell lymphoma
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CLL (2 times)
PCNSL (2 times)
BL (1 time)
1986 Richter's syndrome with two different B-cell clones.
19  Duke Lemur Center
(6 times)
Anthropology
(2 times)
DN (1 time)
MN (1 time)
2010 Encephalization, expensive tissues, and energetics: An examination of the relative costs of brain size in strepsirrhines.
20  delayed LC
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ELC (5 times)
LC (3 times)
AC (2 times)
2011 Incidence of bactobilia increases over time after endoscopic sphincterotomy.
21  desmosome-like contacts
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GJ (3 times)
MN (2 times)
AZ (1 time)
2000 [Desmosome-like contacts of Mauthner neurons as targets of scorpion venom].
22  diamond like carbon film
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DF (2 times)
HFG (2 times)
HSA (2 times)
2000 Evaluation of the biocompatibility of two new diamond-like stent coatings (Dylyn) in a porcine coronary stent model.
23  diamond like carbon-coated
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
GDT (1 time)
MHV (1 time)
1999 Diamond-like carbon coating and plasma or glow discharge treatment of mechanical heart valves.
24  difficult LC
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LC (3 times)
AC (1 time)
ARAP (1 time)
2013 Feasibility of applying data mining techniques for predicting technical difficulties during laparoscopic cholecystectomy based on routine patient work-up in a small community hospital.
25  Dynamic laryngeal collapse
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADAF (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2009 Effect of poll flexion and dynamic laryngeal collapse on tracheal pressure in Norwegian Coldblooded Trotter racehorses.
26  dendritic cell-like cells
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DC (2 times)
MLR (2 times)
APC (1 time)
1997 Generation of dendritic cell-like antigen-presenting cells in long-term mixed leucocyte culture: phenotypic and functional studies.
27  desloratadine citrate disodium injection
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
NLF (2 times)
ERK (1 time)
2015 Anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties of a potent histamine H1 receptor antagonist, desloratadine citrate disodium injection, and its anti-inflammatory mechanism on EA.hy926 endothelial cells.
28  developmental and life-course
(2 times)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
JNSOs (1 time)
JSOs (1 time)
2016 Is the Development of Offenders Related to Crime Scene Behaviors for Burglary? Including Situational Influences in Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Crime.
29  diabetes locus of control
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Structure and correlates of diabetes-specific locus of control.
30  difficult life circumstances
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
DC (1 time)
1997 Stressful events among pregnant Salvadoran women: a cross-cultural comparison.
31  digital lateral cephalograms
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ANS-N (1 time)
2013 Comparison of manual, digital and lateral CBCT cephalometric analyses.
32  dimeric link chain
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ICR (1 time)
TMJ (1 time)
2007 Morphological structures and protrusive cranial border guidance of the temporomandibular joint of Cercopithecus mona.
33  diodlasercoagulation
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 2011 [Benefit of paint diode laser coagulation in the treatment of ROP].
34  dl-carnitine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LCT (2 times)
COG (1 time)
2001 Comparative effects of diet supplementation with l-carnitine and dl-carnitine on ammonia toxicity and hepatic metabolism in rats.
35  DLC-based nickel nanocomposite
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
HIPIMS (1 time)
2018 Giant Negative Piezoresistive Effect in Diamond-like Carbon and Diamond-like Carbon-Based Nickel Nanocomposite Films Deposited by Reactive Magnetron Sputtering of Ni Target.
36  dorsolateral caudate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
KOR (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
NAc (1 time)
2015 Voluntary ethanol intake predicts kappa-opioid receptor supersensitivity and regionally distinct dopaminergic adaptations in macaques.
37  double layer capacitance
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
ECSA (2 times)
AST (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2018 Suppressing Ion Transfer Enables Versatile Measurements of Electrochemical Surface Area for Intrinsic Activity Comparisons.
38  draining lymph node cells
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
DNCB (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
2000 Increased activity of lymph node cells in experimental thermal injury: changes in accessory cells in injured area-draining lymph nodes.
39  duration of local control
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
HT (1 time)
ICR (1 time)
1995 Thermal treatment parameters are most predictive of outcome in patients with single tumor nodules per treatment field in recurrent adenocarcinoma of the breast.
40  dye-less chromoendoscopy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CLE (1 time)
DAE (1 time)
2014 Advanced endoscopic imaging techniques in Crohn's disease.
41  dynamic light scattering
(2 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
TEM (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
CD-PCL (1 time)
2010 Development of a class-specific immunochromatographic strip test for the rapid detection of organophosphorus pesticides with a thiophosphate group.
42  dynein light chain motif
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
OV (1 time)
rOv CaBP (1 time)
2012 Cloning, expression, and characterization of a novel Opisthorchis viverrini calcium-binding EF-hand protein.
43  dysplastic liver cells
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAH (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1997 Expression of insulin-like growth factor II and its receptor in liver cells from patients with chronic liver diseases.
44  1,2-dicarboxylic-cyclohexane anhydride modified lysyl-cholesterol
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PCPN (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
TPZnPc (1 time)
2017 Phthalocyanine-based coordination polymer nanoparticles for enhanced photodynamic therapy.
45  daily routine practice, newer 'dye-less' chromoendoscopy
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DBC (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
NBI (1 time)
2013 Review article: newer optical and digital chromoendoscopy techniques vs. dye-based chromoendoscopy for diagnosis and surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease.
46  day-surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2016 Is day-surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy contraindicated in the elderly? Results from a retrospective study and literature review.
47  decidual leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Human trophoblasts recruited T lymphocytes and monocytes into decidua by secretion of chemokine CXCL16 and interaction with CXCR6 in the first-trimester pregnancy.
48  delayed in second admission
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
ELC (1 time)
2015 Single center retrospective analysis of early vs. delayed treatment in acute calculous cholecystitis: application of a clinical pathway and an economic analysis.
49  delayed longitude contraction segments
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2005 [Immediate effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy by tissue synchronization imaging and tissue tracking in patients with congestive heart failure].
50  Dementia Learning Community
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2018 Evaluating a dementia learning community: exploratory study and research implications.
51  dendritic looking cells
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ANAE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1987 Morphology, cytochemical features, and membrane phenotype of HLA-DR+ interstitial cells in the human pancreas.
52  dendritic-like antigen presenting cells
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2011 A rapid culture technique produces functional dendritic-like cells from human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines.
53  density of lecithin corpuscles
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
NBP (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2014 Anti-inflammatory effect and prostate gene expression profiling of steryl ferulate on experimental rats with non-bacterial prostatitis.
54  depth of the lateral condyle
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
DIN (1 time)
WDC (1 time)
2013 Sex determination using discriminant analysis of the medial and lateral condyles of the femur in Koreans.
55  detected on cases with cleaved cell type
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
LI (1 time)
MoAbs (1 time)
sIg (1 time)
1989 [Flow cytometric analysis of surface phenotypes in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma].
56  developmental life course
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Juvenile Sex Offending Through a Developmental Life Course Criminology Perspective.
57  Diabetes-Specific Locus of Control
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PCAT (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2007 Further evaluating the acceptability of group visits in an uninsured or inadequately insured patient population with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.
58  diabetic late complications
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2010 Disturbance of inorganic phosphate metabolism in diabetes mellitus: its impact on the development of diabetic late complications.
59  diagnostic laparocentesis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2002 [Diagnosis of abdominal injuries in combined injury].
60  diamond like carbon bioelectrodes
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
Ir (1 time)
O,C (1 time)
2014 Diamond-like carbon (DLC) thin film bioelectrodes: effect of thermal post-treatments and the use of Ti adhesion layer.
61  diamond-like carbon films with embedded Ag nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SERS (1 time)
2016 Annealing Effects on Structure and Optical Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon Films Containing Silver.
62  diamond-like carbon with silver nanoparticle
(1 time)
--- 2016 Antimicrobial Properties of Diamond-Like Carbon/Silver Nanocomposite Thin Films Deposited on Textiles: Towards Smart Bandages.
63  diamond-like carbon-coated stainless steel
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2000 A frictional study of total hip joint replacements.
64  diamond-like carbon/grafitic
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FSWM (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
Ti-N (1 time)
2015 Performance test of different 3.5 mm drill bits and consequences for orthopaedic surgery.
65  diamond-like hydrogenated carbon
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2006 Photoelectron spectroscopy characterization of diamond-like carbon films.
66  diazinon low concentration
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
DHC (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2007 Diazinon toxicity affects histophysiological and biochemical parameters in rabbits.
67  diclofenac liposomal cream
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Evaluation of topically administered diclofenac liposomal cream for treatment of horses with experimentally induced osteoarthritis.
68  dietitian-led clinic
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 A dietitian-led clinic for patients receiving (chemo)radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.
69  different coating materials, i.e.diamond-like carbon
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PLD (1 time)
SRIM (1 time)
2008 Coating of meso-porous metallic membranes with oriented channel-like fine pores by pulsed laser deposition.
70  difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2017 C-Reactive Protein as a Predictor of Difficult Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients with Acute Calculous Cholecystitis: A Multivariate Analysis.
71  diffracted-light contrast
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1999 Diffracted-light contrast enhancement: a re-examination of oblique illumination.
72  diffuse large B-cell NHL
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2001 Localized non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring: clinical features, management, and prognosis of 130 adult patients.
73  Diffusion Lung Capacity
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
LTF (1 time)
2016 Lung Transfer Factor in Middle Aged Asymptomatic Male Smokers of a City from West India: A Cross-Sectional Study.
74  dioxin-like chemicals
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
HPG (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2005 Isolation and characterization of two cytochrome P450 aromatase forms in killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus): differential expression in fish from polluted and unpolluted environments.
75  dioxin-like congener
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AhRs (1 time)
PCB (1 time)
2016 Integrating Monitoring and Genetic Methods To Infer Historical Risks of PCBs and DDE to Common and Roseate Terns Nesting Near the New Bedford Harbor Superfund Site (Massachusetts, USA).
76  direct load control
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 University students' cognitive performance under temperature cycles induced by direct load control events.
77  discharge limit concentrations
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Settlement of the alien mollusc Brachidontes pharaonis in a Mediterranean industrial plant: bioassays for antifouling treatment optimization and management.
78  discotic liquid crystalline compound
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2010 High-temperature ferromagnetism of a discotic liquid crystal dilutely intercalated with iron(III) phthalocyanine.
79  disk of least confusion
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Computation of the disk of least confusion for conic mirrors.
80  Disorders of laughter and crying
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Pathological laughter and crying: A case series and proposal for a new classification.
81  Dispersible Liquid Concentrate
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 alpha-Tocopherol concentrations in serum and tissues of sheep fed different sources of vitamin E.
82  disseminated lymphocytoma cutis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
1990 T cell receptor gene rearrangement analysis in mycosis fungoides and disseminated lymphocytoma cutis.
83  distal limb compression bandage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
C-ELA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DL (1 time)
2018 Effect of bandaging techniques on sub-bandage pressures in the equine distal limb, carpus, and tarsus.
84  Distal limb contractures
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
SRO (1 time)
2014 Delineation of the 3p14.1p13 microdeletion associated with syndromic distal limb contractures.
85  distal limb cryotherapy
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2009 Equine laminitis model: cryotherapy reduces the severity of lesions evaluated seven days after induction with oligofructose.
86  distance learning course
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Development, implementation and evaluation of a distance course about wound treatment].
87  distance to lumpectomy cavity
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
3D-CRT (1 time)
AICD (1 time)
APBI (1 time)
2011 Avoiding mastectomy: accelerated partial breast irradiation for breast cancer patients with pacemakers or defibrillators.
88  distant liver control
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
LLC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2016 Prognostic value of pre-treatment F-18-FDG PET-CT in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing radioembolization.
89  distribution of local charge
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Charge distributions in metallic alloys: a charge-excess functional theory approach.
90  disturbances of local myocardial contractility
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2006 [Value of various criteria of assessment of a test in stress echocardiography in diagnosis of ischemic heart disease].
91  divided into large cell
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
IBL (1 time)
1991 Clinical significance of morphologic subdivision in diffuse large cell lymphoma.
92  DLC:Ag and crystalline silicon
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
TAS (1 time)
2017 Photovoltaic Properties and Ultrafast Plasmon Relaxation Dynamics of Diamond-Like Carbon Nanocomposite Films with Embedded Ag Nanoparticles.
93  DLE and loading content
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
DLE (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2018 Doxorubicin conjugated carbon dots as a drug delivery system for human breast cancer therapy.
94  dominance level of insecticide resistance
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
2016 Assessment of the Dominance Level of the R81T Target Resistance to Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae).
95  dominant land cover
(1 time)
--- 2015 Mapping dominant annual land cover from 2009 to 2013 across Victoria, Australia using satellite imagery.
96  dorsolateral column
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DSCT (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
1975 Retrograde changes in the nerve fibers of the dorsal spinocerebellar and spinocervical tracts in the cat.
97  Dorsolateral commissural
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IPSPs (1 time)
1992 Phase-dependent Modulation of a Cutaneous Sensory Pathway by Glycinergic Inhibition from the Locomotor Rhythm Generator in Xenopus Embryos.
98  dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2009 Suicide and depression in the quantitative analysis of glutamic acid decarboxylase-Immunoreactive neuropil.
99  dose-limiting cardiotoxicity
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
EC-90 (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
2010 First-line trastuzumab plus epirubicin and cyclophosphamide therapy in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive metastatic breast cancer: cardiac safety and efficacy data from the Herceptin, Cyclophosphamide, and Epirubicin (HERCULES) trial.
100  double loop-clip
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
2018 Experimental modelling of cardiac pressure overload hypertrophy: Modified technique for precise, reproducible, safe and easy aortic arch banding-debanding in mice.