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Abbreviation: DN
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Long forms: 355

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diabetic nephropathy
(4005 times)
Nephrology
(612 times)
STZ (388 times)
HG (299 times)
DM (297 times)
0 [POSSIBILITIES OF IN VIVO CORNEAL CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY OF CORNEAL NERVES IN DIABETES].
dominant negative
(641 times)
Biochemistry
(103 times)
WT (66 times)
CA (65 times)
PKC (27 times)
1996 Design of a C/EBP-specific, dominant-negative bZIP protein with both inhibitory and gain-of-function properties.
double-negative
(635 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(384 times)
DP (198 times)
TCR (95 times)
SP (77 times)
1987 Control of prothymocyte proliferation by thymic accessory cells.
double network
(161 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(45 times)
PAAm (14 times)
SN (12 times)
PAMPS (11 times)
2005 Biomechanical properties of high-toughness double network hydrogels.
dentate nucleus
(144 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
GP (44 times)
SI (33 times)
GBCAs (22 times)
1980 Effect of cerebellar stimulation of hippocampal epileptic discharges in kindling preparation.
dry needling
(122 times)
Physical Medicine
(32 times)
PPT (19 times)
VAS (19 times)
MTrPs (17 times)
2002 Immediate effects of dry needling and acupuncture at distant points in chronic neck pain: results of a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled crossover trial.
dysplastic nevi
(88 times)
Dermatology
(41 times)
MM (18 times)
BN (10 times)
CMM (9 times)
1985 Monoclonal antibodies selected to discriminate between malignant melanomas and nevocellular nevi.
dysplastic nodules
(66 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
HCC (51 times)
RN (9 times)
MRI (6 times)
1996 Usefulness of indocyanine green injection during ultrasound-guided liver biopsy for the diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma.
default network
(49 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FC (8 times)
mPFC (5 times)
SN (5 times)
2009 Impact of Alzheimer's disease on the functional connectivity of spontaneous brain activity.
10  district nurse
(24 times)
Nursing
(16 times)
GP (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
SPQDN (2 times)
2000 The district nurse's role as patient advocate: case study.
11  donor number
(24 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
AN (5 times)
DMF (2 times)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
1982 Solvation properties of natural and synthetic ionophores. I. Stoichiometry of complexes with alkali and alkaline earth cations in aprotic organic solvents.
12  dissolved nitrogen
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
DP (8 times)
TN (6 times)
DOC (5 times)
2006 [Research on dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus loading model based on GIS].
13  disseminated neoplasia
(19 times)
Biology
(10 times)
FCM (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
1998 Soft shell clams Mya arenaria with disseminated neoplasia demonstrate reverse transcriptase activity.
14  de novo
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ACS (3 times)
LGD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
1989 Total body irradiation for stage II-IV non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: ten-year follow-up.
15  dibucaine number
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
FN (6 times)
BChE (4 times)
PCHE (3 times)
1967 [Spectrophotometric estimation of serum pseudocholinesterases. Simultaneous determination of the "fluoride number" (F.N.) and the "dibucaine number" (D.N.)].
16  del Nido
(17 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CPB (9 times)
CABG (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
2012 Single dose myocardial protection technique utilizing del Nido cardioplegia solution during congenital heart surgery procedures.
17  digital number
(17 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(7 times)
NDVI (4 times)
TOA (3 times)
AGB (1 time)
2007 The application of satellite data for the quantification of mangrove loss and coastal management in the Godavari estuary, East Coast of India.
18  donor nephrectomy
(15 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
eGFR (4 times)
RN (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
2004 Living donor nephrectomy: flank incision versus anterior vertical mini-incision.
19  dystrophic neurites
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
NCI (6 times)
AD (4 times)
FTLD (4 times)
1995 Reappraisal of ultrastructural diversity of amyloid plaques in Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome.
20  denervation
(13 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CON (5 times)
ES (4 times)
TA (3 times)
1989 Early post-mortem metabolism and muscle shortening in the Pectoralis major muscle of broiler chickens.
21  double-needle
(12 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
SN (9 times)
UC (3 times)
GMA (2 times)
1997 Plateletapheresis: comparison of processing times, platelet yields, and white blood cell content with several commonly used systems.
22  dominant negative mutant
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MAPK (2 times)
2-cysPrx (1 time)
AJs (1 time)
2000 MAPK pathways activate and phosphorylate the osteoblast-specific transcription factor, Cbfa1.
23  dopaminergic neurons
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PD (5 times)
SN (4 times)
MPTP (3 times)
2009 Neuroprotective effects of compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in a Drosophila model of Parkinson's disease.
24  Dahl salt-resistant normotensive rats
(9 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
DH (8 times)
CKD (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
2010 Indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, promotes cell senescence in aorta of hypertensive rats.
25  dentate
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IN (5 times)
TC (3 times)
VL (3 times)
1980 Organization of the cerebellar tongue representation in the monkey.
26  donor
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
KC (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
ADH1 (1 time)
1996 Correlation between Solvation of Peptide-Resins and Solvent Properties(1).
27  daunomycin
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ADM (1 time)
EXAFS (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
1982 Anthracyclic products from Streptomyces erythromogenes nov. sp. Biotransformation of daunomycin (Dn) by an acellular preparation and synergism between Dn and some known antibiotics.
28  daunorubicin
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MDR (3 times)
P-gp (3 times)
DOX (2 times)
1989 [Anthracycline resistance: cytofluorometric study on infantile lymphoblastic leukemia].
29  distances
(8 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
PE (1 time)
Rupr (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
1994 Genetic blood markers in Arabian, Barb and Arab-Barb horses in Morocco.
30  AMPKalpha-dominant negative
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
2009 Regulation of Nod1 and Nod2 in first trimester trophoblast cells.
31  day-neutral
(6 times)
Botany
(4 times)
SD (4 times)
AqFT (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1987 Comparison of de-novo flower-bud formation in a photoperiodic and a day-neutral tobacco.
32  diabetic peripheral neuropathy
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DRG (1 time)
ETDRS (1 time)
FU (1 time)
1999 [Clinical study on jinmaitong composita on diabetic peripheral neuropathy].
33  diabetic subjects with nephropathy
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1998 Endothelial dysfunction and the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthetase in diabetic neuropathy, vascular disease, and foot ulceration.
34  dispersion number
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DM (1 time)
EBA (1 time)
fu (1 time)
1991 A two-compartment dispersion model describes the hepatic outflow profile of diclofenac in the presence of its binding protein.
35  dominant-negative form
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (2 times)
WT (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2002 Involvement of protein kinase C beta 2 in c-myc induction by high glucose in pancreatic beta-cells.
36  denitrification
(5 times)
Technology
(2 times)
DN-PN-ANAMMOX (2 times)
PN (2 times)
2-CP (1 time)
2004 Degradation of 2-chlorophenol via a hydrogenotrophic biofilm under different reductive conditions.
37  diabetic nephropathy group
(5 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
NC (3 times)
24 h UAER (1 time)
2h-PPG (1 time)
2011 [The effects of VEGF-R inhibitor on podocytopathy of rats with type I diabetic nephropathy].
38  dose-normalized
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ABCB1 (1 time)
CYP3A (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2006 Influence of different allelic variants of the CYP3A and ABCB1 genes on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetic profile of Chinese renal transplant recipients.
39  delta neutrophil index
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2012 Delta neutrophil index: a promising diagnostic and prognostic marker for sepsis.
40  dental neglect
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DTN (1 time)
OHL (1 time)
OHS (1 time)
2007 The impact of dental neglect on oral health: a population based study in Hong Kong.
41  diabetes+nitrate
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CN (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
2015 Dietary nitrate improves glucose tolerance and lipid profile in an animal model of hyperglycemia.
42  diabetic normoglycemia
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DH (4 times)
DM (4 times)
SIH (4 times)
2017 Higher Mortality in Trauma Patients Is Associated with Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia, but Not Diabetic Hyperglycemia: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Based on a Propensity-Score Matching Approach.
43  Dioscorea nipponica
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
DP (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
2013 Quantitative comparison of multiple components in Dioscorea nipponica and D. panthaica by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
44  Dioscorea nipponica Makino
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DP (2 times)
TS (2 times)
AST (1 time)
2011 Neurotrophic activity of DA-9801, a mixture extract of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. and Dioscorea nipponica Makino, in vitro.
45  dorsal nasal
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
VT (3 times)
CS (1 time)
D1A (1 time)
2002 Differential responses of temporal and nasal retinal neurites to regional-specific cues in the mouse retinofugal pathway.
46  dorsal nerves
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ADSCs (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
BCNI (1 time)
1988 Neurophysiological measurements in patients with genuine stress incontinence of urine and the relation of neurogenic defects to the presence of spina bifida occulta.
47  Delphian node
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ETE (1 time)
2010 Delphian node metastasis in head and neck cancers--oracle or myth?
48  denatured
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
alpha 1-PI (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1996 The interaction of alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor and tissue kallikrein in controlling allergic ovine airway hyperresponsiveness.
49  descriptive norms
(3 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
IN (2 times)
AA (1 time)
DN-DABQ (1 time)
2014 A comparison of physical activity correlates across breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors in Nova Scotia, Canada.
50  diabetic nephropathy patients
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
BIM (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2002 Abnormalities in primary granule exocytosis in neutrophils from Type I diabetic patients with nephropathy.
51  diamond nanoparticles
(3 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
GN (1 time)
GO (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2010 Synthesis and characterization of diamond-coated CNTs and their reinforcement in Nylon-6 single fiber.
52  dioxidine
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1997 [Mutagen-modifying effects of beta-carotene in vivo].
53  distal nephron
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
2008 A mathematical model of distal nephron acidification: diuretic effects.
54  distribution network
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
DW (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2015 Drinking water microbiology--from measurement to management.
55  double-negative cells
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
Shh (1 time)
2010 Prenatal cadmium exposure dysregulates sonic hedgehog and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in the thymus resulting in altered thymocyte development.
56  drug naive
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
CC7 (1 time)
CCB (1 time)
1996 Modification of serotonin responses in rat dorsolateral septal nucleus neurons by acute and chronic cocaine.
57  1-deoxynojirimycin
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
1988 Studies on the effect of 1-deoxynojirimycin on the release of albumin, sialyltransferase and alpha 1 acid glycoprotein from liver slices from normal and inflamed rats.
58  2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
thiazolyl blue, MTT (1 time)
2017 Functionalization of Mesoporous Silicas as Strategy for Obtaining Nanocomposites with Controlled Graphitic Domains Quantity and Carbon Content.
59  Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PASS (1 time)
2006 [Topiramate and epilepsy in the light of Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System].
60  death notification
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
GA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1986 Physicians' and the public's attitudes on communication about death.
61  decanoate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Effects of androgenic anabolic steroids on the uterus and reproductive parameters of adult female rats].
62  deep nuclei
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
NOI (1 time)
URL (1 time)
2013 Nucleo-olivary inhibition balances the interaction between the reactive and adaptive layers in motor control.
63  default-mode network
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
AN (1 time)
AVH (1 time)
2015 Resting-state functional connectivity alterations in the default network of schizophrenia patients with persistent auditory verbal hallucinations.
64  degree of neutralization
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DSL (1 time)
DTAB (1 time)
2004 Examination of aqueous oxidized cellulose dispersions as a potential drug carrier. I. Preparation and characterization of oxidized cellulose-phenylpropanolamine complexes.
65  Deiters' nucleus
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
coFRA (1 time)
l-DOPA (1 time)
LVST (1 time)
1985 Initiation of locomotion from the mesencephalic locomotor region: effects of selective brainstem lesions.
66  Del Nido cardioplegia
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CK-MB (2 times)
EDPVR (2 times)
Ees (2 times)
2020 Excellent Restoration of Left Ventricular Compliance After Prolonged Del Nido Single-Dose Cardioplegia in an In Vivo Piglet Model.
67  delayed nausea
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MANE (1 time)
2003 Nausea and emesis remain significant problems of chemotherapy despite prophylaxis with 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 antiemetics: a University of Rochester James P. Wilmot Cancer Center Community Clinical Oncology Program Study of 360 cancer patients treated in the community.
68  demyelinating neuropathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MND (2 times)
CIDP (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
1992 [Antibodies to GM1 ganglioside in motor neuron disease--in comparison with demyelinating neuropathy].
69  denervation group
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ES (2 times)
TA (2 times)
CON (1 time)
2015 Effect of electrical stimulation-induced muscle force and streptomycin treatment on muscle and trabecular bone mass in early-stage disuse musculoskeletal atrophy.
70  denitrification rates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FLFW (1 time)
2016 Effect of fermentation liquid from food waste as a carbon source for enhancing denitrification in wastewater treatment.
71  denitrifying
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AS (1 time)
SBWWTP (1 time)
2003 Partial nitrification in a high-load activated sludge system by biofilter backwash water recirculation.
72  denoising
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AERONET (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
BDRE (1 time)
2019 Registration-based image enhancement improves multi-atlas segmentation of the thalamic nuclei and hippocampal subfields.
73  Dentate nuclei
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCAS (1 time)
FRDA (1 time)
2018 Longitudinal Assessment of Dentate Nuclei Relaxometry during Massive Gadobutrol Exposure.
74  dermal naevus
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
D-OCT (1 time)
2018 Immunohistochemical expression of vitamin D receptor in melanocytic naevi and cutaneous melanoma: a case-control study.
75  descending
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AN (2 times)
AN1 (1 time)
TO (1 time)
2009 Vibratory interneurons in the non-hearing cave cricket indicate evolutionary origin of sound processing elements in Ensifera.
76  desoxo-narchinol-A
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2015 Anti-inflammatory effect of desoxo-narchinol-A isolated from Nardostachys jatamansi against lipopolysaccharide.
77  desoxynupharidine hydrochloride
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
P-Hypo (1 time)
1981 Actions of desoxynupharidine hydrochloride in the central nervous system of experimental animals (I).
78  developmental neurotoxicity
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DNT (1 time)
1992 Regulatory developmental neurotoxicity and human risk assessment.
79  dextran
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
2-ME (1 time)
AII (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
1991 Effect of loading conditions on peak aortic flow velocity and its maximal acceleration.
80  diabetes mellitus with nephropathy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2000 [Change of bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes mellitus with nephropathy].
81  diabetes nurses
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
BGM (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2020 Development of the professional role of diabetes nurses in specialised diabetes and primary care in Catalonia.
82  diabetic kidney disease
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ang (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2011 Modulation of AT-1R/CHOP-JNK-Caspase12 pathway by olmesartan treatment attenuates ER stress-induced renal apoptosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
83  diabetic patients
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1991 Cardiovascular responses to tilting in healthy and diabetic subjects.
84  diastase number
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GF-SNV (1 time)
LS-SVM (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2008 Synergistic action of starch and honey against Candida albicans in correlation with diastase number.
85  dietary nutraceutical
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BO (2 times)
GAG (2 times)
IL (2 times)
2008 Effects of simulated digests of Biota orientalis and a dietary nutraceutical on interleukin-1- induced inflammatory responses in cartilage explants.
86  differential network
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
C4BPA (1 time)
DE (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2016 INDEED: Integrated differential expression and differential network analysis of omic data for biomarker discovery.
87  diffusive normal metals
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESE (2 times)
OTE (2 times)
ETO (1 time)
2007 Theory of the proximity effect in junctions with unconventional superconductors.
88  DiFrancesco-Noble
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1992 Propagation model using the DiFrancesco-Noble equations. Comparison to reported experimental results.
89  digested nitrogen
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
ATTD (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2005 Nitrogen and energy balance in growing mink (Mustela vison) fed different levels of bacterial protein meal produced with natural gas.
90  digestible N
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADFI (1 time)
AG (1 time)
BE (1 time)
1984 Energy utilization of weanling pigs raised under pen conditions.
91  dinucleotide
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
NNs (1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2014 The structure of selective dinucleotide interactions and periodicities in D melanogaster mtDNA.
92  dissolved N
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMF (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
2016 Reducing nitrogen runoff from paddy fields with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under different fertilizer regimes.
93  Division of Nursing
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BHPr (1 time)
DHHS (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2013 Moving toward cultural competency: DREAMWork online summer program.
94  divisive normalization
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
2011 Dependency reduction with divisive normalization: justification and effectiveness.
95  DN control
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2014 Soy beta-conglycinin retards progression of diabetic nephropathy via modulating the insulin sensitivity and angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in rats fed with high salt diet.
96  do-nothing
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DS (1 time)
QFI (1 time)
2002 External cost internalisation of urban transport: a case study of Dublin.
97  dominant negative transgenic
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AMPK (2 times)
CD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2011 Improvement of cardiac functions by chronic metformin treatment is associated with enhanced cardiac autophagy in diabetic OVE26 mice.
98  Dorsal Neurons
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
CRY (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2004 Unique self-sustaining circadian oscillators within the brain of Drosophila melanogaster.
99  dorsal nexus
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
CCN (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2012 Ketamine decreases resting state functional network connectivity in healthy subjects: implications for antidepressant drug action.
100  double cross-linked network
(2 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Multifunctional Hydrogel with Good Structure Integrity, Self-Healing, and Tissue-Adhesive Property Formed by Combining Diels-Alder Click Reaction and Acylhydrazone Bond.