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Abbreviation: DN
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Long forms: 316

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diabetic nephropathy
(3078 times)
Nephrology
(550 times)
STZ (288 times)
DM (230 times)
ESRD (172 times)
1980 [Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (cDIC) and diabetic nephropathy (DN) (author's transl)].
dominant negative
(601 times)
Biochemistry
(101 times)
WT (61 times)
CA (60 times)
PKC (27 times)
1996 Design of a C/EBP-specific, dominant-negative bZIP protein with both inhibitory and gain-of-function properties.
double-negative
(595 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(373 times)
DP (185 times)
TCR (93 times)
SP (73 times)
1987 Control of prothymocyte proliferation by thymic accessory cells.
dentate nucleus
(111 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
GP (32 times)
SI (20 times)
GBCAs (18 times)
1980 Effect of cerebellar stimulation of hippocampal epileptic discharges in kindling preparation.
double-network
(86 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(31 times)
PAAm (8 times)
PAMPS (8 times)
SN (8 times)
2005 Biomechanical properties of high-toughness double network hydrogels.
dysplastic nevi
(84 times)
Dermatology
(39 times)
MM (18 times)
BN (10 times)
CMM (9 times)
1985 Monoclonal antibodies selected to discriminate between malignant melanomas and nevocellular nevi.
dry needling
(76 times)
Physical Medicine
(22 times)
VAS (13 times)
MTrPs (11 times)
PPT (10 times)
2002 Immediate effects of dry needling and acupuncture at distant points in chronic neck pain: results of a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled crossover trial.
dysplastic nodules
(63 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
HCC (48 times)
RN (9 times)
MRI (6 times)
1996 Usefulness of indocyanine green injection during ultrasound-guided liver biopsy for the diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma.
default network
(38 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
FC (7 times)
mPFC (4 times)
DAN (3 times)
2009 Impact of Alzheimer's disease on the functional connectivity of spontaneous brain activity.
10  donor number
(21 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
AN (5 times)
DMF (2 times)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
1982 Solvation properties of natural and synthetic ionophores. I. Stoichiometry of complexes with alkali and alkaline earth cations in aprotic organic solvents.
11  dissolved nitrogen
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
DP (7 times)
TN (6 times)
PN (5 times)
2006 [Research on dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus loading model based on GIS].
12  district nurse
(20 times)
Nursing
(14 times)
GPs (2 times)
CN (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2000 The district nurse's role as patient advocate: case study.
13  dibucaine number
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
FN (6 times)
BChE (4 times)
PCHE (3 times)
1967 [Spectrophotometric estimation of serum pseudocholinesterases. Simultaneous determination of the "fluoride number" (F.N.) and the "dibucaine number" (D.N.)].
14  disseminated neoplasia
(18 times)
Biology
(10 times)
FCM (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
1998 Soft shell clams Mya arenaria with disseminated neoplasia demonstrate reverse transcriptase activity.
15  de novo
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ACS (3 times)
LGD (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
1989 Total body irradiation for stage II-IV non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: ten-year follow-up.
16  dystrophic neurites
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
NCI (6 times)
AD (4 times)
FTLD (4 times)
1995 Reappraisal of ultrastructural diversity of amyloid plaques in Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome.
17  denervation
(12 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CON (4 times)
ES (3 times)
TA (2 times)
1989 Early post-mortem metabolism and muscle shortening in the Pectoralis major muscle of broiler chickens.
18  donor nephrectomy
(11 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
eGFR (3 times)
RN (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
2004 Living donor nephrectomy: flank incision versus anterior vertical mini-incision.
19  del Nido
(10 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CPB (5 times)
ACC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2012 Single dose myocardial protection technique utilizing del Nido cardioplegia solution during congenital heart surgery procedures.
20  digital number
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
TOA (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
2007 The application of satellite data for the quantification of mangrove loss and coastal management in the Godavari estuary, East Coast of India.
21  dominant negative mutant
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MAPK (2 times)
2-cysPrx (1 time)
AJs (1 time)
2000 MAPK pathways activate and phosphorylate the osteoblast-specific transcription factor, Cbfa1.
22  Dahl salt-resistant normotensive rats
(9 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
DH (8 times)
CKD (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
2010 Indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin, promotes cell senescence in aorta of hypertensive rats.
23  dentate
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IN (5 times)
TC (3 times)
VL (3 times)
1980 Organization of the cerebellar tongue representation in the monkey.
24  double-needle
(9 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
SN (7 times)
HD (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
1997 Plateletapheresis: comparison of processing times, platelet yields, and white blood cell content with several commonly used systems.
25  daunorubicin
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MDR (3 times)
P-gp (3 times)
DOX (2 times)
1989 [Anthracycline resistance: cytofluorometric study on infantile lymphoblastic leukemia].
26  distances
(8 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
PE (1 time)
Rupr (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
1994 Genetic blood markers in Arabian, Barb and Arab-Barb horses in Morocco.
27  donor
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
KC (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
ADH1 (1 time)
1996 Correlation between Solvation of Peptide-Resins and Solvent Properties(1).
28  dopaminergic neurons
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PD (5 times)
SN (4 times)
MPTP (3 times)
2009 Neuroprotective effects of compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in a Drosophila model of Parkinson's disease.
29  daunomycin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ADM (1 time)
EXAFS (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1982 Anthracyclic products from Streptomyces erythromogenes nov. sp. Biotransformation of daunomycin (Dn) by an acellular preparation and synergism between Dn and some known antibiotics.
30  diabetic subjects with nephropathy
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1998 Endothelial dysfunction and the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthetase in diabetic neuropathy, vascular disease, and foot ulceration.
31  dominant-negative form
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (2 times)
WT (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2002 Involvement of protein kinase C beta 2 in c-myc induction by high glucose in pancreatic beta-cells.
32  p300-dominant negative
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
2009 Regulation of Nod1 and Nod2 in first trimester trophoblast cells.
33  day-neutral
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
AqFT (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1987 Comparison of de-novo flower-bud formation in a photoperiodic and a day-neutral tobacco.
34  dispersion number
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EBA (1 time)
fu (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1991 A two-compartment dispersion model describes the hepatic outflow profile of diclofenac in the presence of its binding protein.
35  dose-normalized
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ABCB1 (1 time)
CYP3A (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2006 Influence of different allelic variants of the CYP3A and ABCB1 genes on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetic profile of Chinese renal transplant recipients.
36  delta neutrophil index
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2012 Delta neutrophil index: a promising diagnostic and prognostic marker for sepsis.
37  dental neglect
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DTN (1 time)
OHL (1 time)
OHS (1 time)
2007 The impact of dental neglect on oral health: a population based study in Hong Kong.
38  diabetic nephropathy group
(4 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
NC (2 times)
24 h UAER (1 time)
2h-PPG (1 time)
2011 [The effects of VEGF-R inhibitor on podocytopathy of rats with type I diabetic nephropathy].
39  diabetic normoglycemia
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DH (4 times)
DM (4 times)
SIH (4 times)
2017 Higher Mortality in Trauma Patients Is Associated with Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia, but Not Diabetic Hyperglycemia: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Based on a Propensity-Score Matching Approach.
40  diabetic peripheral neuropathy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DRG (1 time)
FU (1 time)
JKSQ (1 time)
1999 [Clinical study on jinmaitong composita on diabetic peripheral neuropathy].
41  Dioscorea nipponica Makino
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DP (2 times)
TS (2 times)
AST (1 time)
2011 Neurotrophic activity of DA-9801, a mixture extract of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. and Dioscorea nipponica Makino, in vitro.
42  dorsal nasal
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
VT (3 times)
CS (1 time)
D1A (1 time)
2002 Differential responses of temporal and nasal retinal neurites to regional-specific cues in the mouse retinofugal pathway.
43  dorsal nerves
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ADSCs (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
BCNI (1 time)
1988 Neurophysiological measurements in patients with genuine stress incontinence of urine and the relation of neurogenic defects to the presence of spina bifida occulta.
44  Delphian node
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ETE (1 time)
2010 Delphian node metastasis in head and neck cancers--oracle or myth?
45  denatured
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
alpha 1-PI (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1996 The interaction of alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor and tissue kallikrein in controlling allergic ovine airway hyperresponsiveness.
46  denitrification
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
2-CP (1 time)
AN (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2004 Degradation of 2-chlorophenol via a hydrogenotrophic biofilm under different reductive conditions.
47  descriptive norms
(3 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
IN (2 times)
AA (1 time)
DN-DABQ (1 time)
2014 A comparison of physical activity correlates across breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors in Nova Scotia, Canada.
48  Dioscorea nipponica
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
DP (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2013 Quantitative comparison of multiple components in Dioscorea nipponica and D. panthaica by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
49  dioxidine
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1997 [Mutagen-modifying effects of beta-carotene in vivo].
50  distal nephron
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
2008 A mathematical model of distal nephron acidification: diuretic effects.
51  distribution network
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
DW (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2015 Drinking water microbiology--from measurement to management.
52  double-negative B cells
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
Shh (1 time)
2010 Prenatal cadmium exposure dysregulates sonic hedgehog and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in the thymus resulting in altered thymocyte development.
53  drug naive
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
CC7 (1 time)
CCB (1 time)
1996 Modification of serotonin responses in rat dorsolateral septal nucleus neurons by acute and chronic cocaine.
54  1-deoxynojirimycin
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
1988 Studies on the effect of 1-deoxynojirimycin on the release of albumin, sialyltransferase and alpha 1 acid glycoprotein from liver slices from normal and inflamed rats.
55  2,3-dihydroxynaphtahlene
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
thiazolyl blue, MTT (1 time)
2017 Functionalization of Mesoporous Silicas as Strategy for Obtaining Nanocomposites with Controlled Graphitic Domains Quantity and Carbon Content.
56  Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PASS (1 time)
2006 [Topiramate and epilepsy in the light of Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System].
57  decanoate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Effects of androgenic anabolic steroids on the uterus and reproductive parameters of adult female rats].
58  deep nuclei
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
NOI (1 time)
URL (1 time)
2013 Nucleo-olivary inhibition balances the interaction between the reactive and adaptive layers in motor control.
59  degree of neutralization
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DSL (1 time)
DTAB (1 time)
2004 Examination of aqueous oxidized cellulose dispersions as a potential drug carrier. I. Preparation and characterization of oxidized cellulose-phenylpropanolamine complexes.
60  Deiter's nucleus
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
coFRA (1 time)
l-DOPA (1 time)
LVST (1 time)
1985 Initiation of locomotion from the mesencephalic locomotor region: effects of selective brainstem lesions.
61  delayed nausea
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MANE (1 time)
2003 Nausea and emesis remain significant problems of chemotherapy despite prophylaxis with 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 antiemetics: a University of Rochester James P. Wilmot Cancer Center Community Clinical Oncology Program Study of 360 cancer patients treated in the community.
62  demyelinating neuropathies
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MND (2 times)
CIDP (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
1992 [Antibodies to GM1 ganglioside in motor neuron disease--in comparison with demyelinating neuropathy].
63  denervation group
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ES (2 times)
TA (2 times)
CON (1 time)
2015 Effect of electrical stimulation-induced muscle force and streptomycin treatment on muscle and trabecular bone mass in early-stage disuse musculoskeletal atrophy.
64  denitrification rates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FLFW (1 time)
2016 Effect of fermentation liquid from food waste as a carbon source for enhancing denitrification in wastewater treatment.
65  denitrifying
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
AS (1 time)
SBWWTP (1 time)
2003 Partial nitrification in a high-load activated sludge system by biofilter backwash water recirculation.
66  desoxynupharidine hydrochloride
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
P-Hypo (1 time)
1981 Actions of desoxynupharidine hydrochloride in the central nervous system of experimental animals (I).
67  developmental neurotoxicity
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DNT (1 time)
1992 Regulatory developmental neurotoxicity and human risk assessment.
68  dextran
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
2-ME (1 time)
AII (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
1991 Effect of loading conditions on peak aortic flow velocity and its maximal acceleration.
69  diabetes mellitus with nephropathy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2000 [Change of bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes mellitus with nephropathy].
70  diabetic kidney diseases
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ang (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2011 Modulation of AT-1R/CHOP-JNK-Caspase12 pathway by olmesartan treatment attenuates ER stress-induced renal apoptosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
71  diabetic nephropathy patients
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BIM (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HG (1 time)
2002 Abnormalities in primary granule exocytosis in neutrophils from Type I diabetic patients with nephropathy.
72  diabetic patients
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1991 Cardiovascular responses to tilting in healthy and diabetic subjects.
73  diamond nanoparticles
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2010 Synthesis and characterization of diamond-coated CNTs and their reinforcement in Nylon-6 single fiber.
74  dietary nutraceutical
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BO (2 times)
GAG (2 times)
IL (2 times)
2008 Effects of simulated digests of Biota orientalis and a dietary nutraceutical on interleukin-1- induced inflammatory responses in cartilage explants.
75  diffusive normal metals
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESE (2 times)
OTE (2 times)
ETO (1 time)
2007 Theory of the proximity effect in junctions with unconventional superconductors.
76  DiFrancesco-Noble
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1992 Propagation model using the DiFrancesco-Noble equations. Comparison to reported experimental results.
77  digested nitrogen
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
ATTD (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2005 Nitrogen and energy balance in growing mink (Mustela vison) fed different levels of bacterial protein meal produced with natural gas.
78  digestible N
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADFI (1 time)
AG (1 time)
BE (1 time)
1984 Energy utilization of weanling pigs raised under pen conditions.
79  dinucleotide
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
NNs (1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2014 The structure of selective dinucleotide interactions and periodicities in D melanogaster mtDNA.
80  disease notification
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
GA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1986 Physicians' and the public's attitudes on communication about death.
81  Division of Nursing
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BHPr (1 time)
DHHS (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2013 Moving toward cultural competency: DREAMWork online summer program.
82  DN control
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2014 Soy beta-conglycinin retards progression of diabetic nephropathy via modulating the insulin sensitivity and angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in rats fed with high salt diet.
83  do-nothing
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DS (1 time)
QFI (1 time)
2002 External cost internalisation of urban transport: a case study of Dublin.
84  dominant negative transgenic
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AMPK (2 times)
CD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2011 Improvement of cardiac functions by chronic metformin treatment is associated with enhanced cardiac autophagy in diabetic OVE26 mice.
85  Dorsal Neurons
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
CRY (1 time)
LD (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2004 Unique self-sustaining circadian oscillators within the brain of Drosophila melanogaster.
86  dorsal nexus
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
CCN (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2012 Ketamine decreases resting state functional network connectivity in healthy subjects: implications for antidepressant drug action.
87  double cross-linked network
(2 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Multifunctional Hydrogel with Good Structure Integrity, Self-Healing, and Tissue-Adhesive Property Formed by Combining Diels-Alder Click Reaction and Acylhydrazone Bond.
88  double null
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DNMT3B (1 time)
ES (1 time)
MuRF (1 time)
2003 Suv39h-mediated histone H3 lysine 9 methylation directs DNA methylation to major satellite repeats at pericentric heterochromatin.
89  downbeat nystagmus
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
UN (1 time)
2003 Three-dimensional eye position and slow phase velocity in humans with downbeat nystagmus.
90  neuropathic diabetic
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
DI (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2003 Local anesthesia reduces the maximal skin vasodilation during iontophoresis of sodium nitroprusside and heating.
91  3,5-bis(3,4-bis-dodecyloxybenzyloxy)-N-pyridin-4-yl-benzamide
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ITO (1 time)
OTS (1 time)
TPF4 (1 time)
2014 Homeotropic alignment of dendritic columnar liquid crystal induced by hydrogen-bonded triphenylene core bearing fluoroalkyl chains.
92  4-(4-(3,5-Dimethyl-phenylethynyl)-3-nitro-phenylethynyl)-benzenethiol
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
MMM (1 time)
2006 Fabrication of nanosized molecular array device and logic gate using dimethyl-phenylethynyl thiol.
93  5-Desmethylnobiletin
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
2017 5-Desmethylnobiletin augments synaptic ACh levels and nicotinic ACh receptor activity: A potential candidate for alleviation of cholinergic dysfunction.
94  d(-1) and K
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Kinetics of sequential nitrification and denitrification processes.
95  D-deficient + NTCU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HGD (1 time)
NTCU (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2015 Vitamin D Repletion Reduces the Progression of Premalignant Squamous Lesions in the NTCU Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Mouse Model.
96  daidzein
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
CM (1 time)
GN (1 time)
2003 The OECD program to validate the rat uterotrophic bioassay. Phase 2: dietary phytoestrogen analyses.
97  Danazol Capsule
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
Cyt C (1 time)
DFE (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2008 [Effect of Neiyi Kangfu suppository on expressions of cytochrome C and survivin in ectopic and eutopic endometrium in rats with endometriosis].
98  Danitracen
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-HIAA (1 time)
CPH (1 time)
1977 The effect of serotonin receptor blocking agents--cyproheptadine and danitracen--on serotonin turnover in the rat brain.
99  dark neuron
(1 time)
Sleep Disorders
(1 time)
CSR (1 time)
TBIs (1 time)
TSD (1 time)
2015 Sleep deprivation does not affect neuronal susceptibility to mild traumatic brain injury in the rat.
100  darkness/nitrogen
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2018 Physicochemical Properties and Oxidative Storage Stability of Milled Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Seeds.