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Abbreviation: DNA
Appearance Frequency: 4954 time(s)
Long forms: 295

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
deoxyribonucleic acid
(4553 times)
Bacteriology
(852 times)
RNA (389 times)
PCR (307 times)
UV (88 times)
1949 Quantitative cytochemical determination of desoxyribonucleic acid with the Feulgen nucleal reaction.
did not attend
(24 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
STIs (2 times)
1997 Does organizational culture affect out-patient DNA (did not attend) rates?
DNA synthesis
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CK (5 times)
VDR (3 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
1977 Variations in prolactin and growth hormone production during cellular growth in clonal strains of rat pituitary cells.
dsDNA
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
SLE (3 times)
AFC (1 time)
bp (1 time)
1979 Modulation of platelet activation by native DNA.
DNA-t
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BRCA1 (2 times)
QCM (2 times)
EIS (1 time)
1988 DNA repair following incorporation of 5-fluorouracil into DNA of mouse bone marrow cells.
deoxyribonucleate
(7 times)
Bacteriology
(4 times)
APOLT (1 time)
IMA (1 time)
1967 Genetic studies of sulfadiazine-resistant and methionine-requiring Neisseria isolated from clinical material.
DNAzyme
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
FGF-2 (1 time)
FNASs (1 time)
PDGFs (1 time)
1998 Lanthanide probes for a phosphodiester-cleaving, lead-dependent, DNAzyme.
DNA damage
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
LPO (2 times)
DHA (1 time)
GST (1 time)
1987 A search for DNA alterations in the aging mammalian genome: an experimental strategy.
DNA content
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ICP (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1977 Pulse cytophotometric investigations concerning ploidy and proliferation pattern of invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the cervix uteri.
10  DNA methylation
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CMM (1 time)
DNMTs (1 time)
MITF (1 time)
2002 Selective depletion of human DNA-methyltransferase DNMT1 proteins by sulfonate-derived methylating agents.
11  DNAemia
(4 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
HHV-7 (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1996 "Cytomegalovirus disease" in renal allograft recipients: is human herpesvirus 7 a co-factor for disease progression?
12  dependence of the melting temperature of polynucleotide
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
--- 1978 [Unwinding effect of F1 gene 5 protein on double-stranded polynucleotides and DNA].
13  determine nucleic acid
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
RLS (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2003 Determination of deoxyribonucleic acids by a resonance light scattering technique and its application.
14  DNA adducts
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
1990 Preparation of ethylenediaminephosphoramidates of nucleotides and derivatization with fluorescein isothiocyanate.
15  DNA concentration as c
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
HF (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2003 Onset of DNA aggregation in presence of monovalent and multivalent counterions.
16  DNA laddering
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
31P-MRS (1 time)
beta-ATP (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
2003 Early onset of rejection in concordant hamster xeno hearts display signs of necrosis, but not apoptosis, correlating to the phosphocreatine concentration.
17  DNA ladders
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FasL (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
1996 Choline deficiency induces apoptosis in SV40-immortalized CWSV-1 rat hepatocytes in culture.
18  DNA-AgNCs
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Cys (1 time)
GR (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
2008 Thermodynamically controlled separation of polyvalent 2-nm gold nanoparticle-oligonucleotide conjugates.
19  DNAmbeta
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
TYLCCNV (2 times)
CLCuD (1 time)
FROl (1 time)
2008 Use of the modified viral satellite DNA vector to silence mineral nutrition-related genes in plants: silencing of the tomato ferric chelate reductase gene, FRO1, as an example.
20  DNA aneuploid
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1985 The influence of tumour cell DNA abnormalities on survival in colorectal cancer.
21  DNA helicases
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Stress responsive DEAD-box helicases: a new pathway to engineer plant stress tolerance.
22  DNA immunisation employing two DRV
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
SUV (2 times)
Chol (1 time)
2003 Liposome-mediated DNA immunisation via the subcutaneous route.
23  DNA-DNA interhelical distance d
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DLPC (1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
2004 The structure of DNA-DLPC-cationic gemini surfactant aggregates: a small angle synchrotron X-ray diffraction study.
24  DNA-glycosylase activity
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Stx1 (2 times)
4-APP (1 time)
2000 4-Aminopyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (4-APP) as a novel inhibitor of the RNA and DNA depurination induced by Shiga toxin 1.
25  DNA-interaxial spacing, d
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CL-DNA (1 time)
CLs (1 time)
MVLs (1 time)
2007 Computational and analytical modeling of cationic lipid-DNA complexes.
26  DNA-r.AuNP
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BRCA1 (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
EQCM (1 time)
2014 Femtomolar level detection of BRCA1 gene using a gold nanoparticle labeled sandwich type DNA sensor.
27  Doctors for Nuclear Awareness
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1979 Doctors for Nuclear Awareness (DNA)
28  donors all developed a CMV-PCR
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
TBB (1 time)
1997 Relation between polymerase chain reaction findings and morphological changes during cytomegalovirus infection in transplanted lung.
29  double-stranded polynucleotides
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Tyr (1 time)
1979 [Interaction of gene 5 protein of phage f1 with single and double-stranded DNA and polynucleotides].
30  (dsS-DNA/Au) > Gamma
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2009 Immobilization, hybridization, and oxidation of synthetic DNA on gold surface: electron transfer investigated by electrochemistry and scanning tunneling microscopy.
31  (TMPyP)-DNA complex at a (porphyrin)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMPyP (1 time)
DAPI (1 time)
TMPyP (1 time)
2009 DNA-binding geometry dependent energy transfer from 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole to cationic porphyrins.
32  1,8-diaminonaphthalene
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2000 Kinetic-spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of vanadium.
33  acid-digested nucleotides and deoxyribonucleic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CRMs (1 time)
CT-DNA (1 time)
d-DIHEN (1 time)
2009 Potential primary measurement tool for the quantification of DNA.
34  adenovirus-polylysine-deoxyribonucleic acid
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 1996 Molecular conjugate-mediated gene transfer into isolated human kidneys.
35  co-delivery of enhanced green fluorescence protein plasmid
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
GL (1 time)
NLCs (1 time)
2016 Nanostructured lipid carriers based temozolomide and gene co-encapsulated nanomedicine for gliomatosis cerebri combination therapy.
36  CoTMPyP-DNA complex started to aggregate at relatively low (porphyrin)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Effect of axial ligand on the binding mode of M-meso-tetrakis(N-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphyrin to DNA probed by circular and linear dichroism spectroscopies.
37  D and H subtype
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
nPCR (1 time)
SENV (1 time)
2003 [Detection of SEN virus (subtype D/H) infection in Shenzhen].
38  d(ACGTACG(5-BrU)), C77H81BrN30O32P7, Mr
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1999 Determination by MAD-DM of the structure of the DNA duplex d[ACGTACG(5-BrU)]2 at 1.46 A and 100 K.
39  d-DNA and n-DNA
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
IBA (1 time)
2002 [Evaluation of the immunological activity and safety of group B meningococcal vaccine prepared from a natural complex of specific polysaccharide and outer membrane proteins].
40  dactyloscopy genome technique
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1995 [The traditional classification and genetic systematics of bacteria in the genus Lactobacillus].
41  damage is converted into a secondary
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DEN (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
1983 The induction of chromosomal damage in rat hepatocytes and lymphocytes. II. Alkylation damage and repair of rat-liver DNA after diethylnitrosamine, dimethylnitrosamine and ethyl methanesulphonate in relation to clastogenic effects.
42  damage of the genetic material
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
8-MOP (1 time)
1979 DNA in psoriatic epidermis.
43  damage unit membrane and macromolecules such as nucleic acids
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
OFR (1 time)
1996 Stress relief protein modulation by calnexin.
44  damaged or untreated
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1982 DNA-binding protein from HeLa cells that binds preferentially to supercoiled DNA damaged by ultraviolet light or N-acetoxy-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene.
45  damaged portion
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
BCAAs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2017 Anti-inflammatory and anti-genotoxic activity of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages.
46  DAPI stain
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2008 MZ3 can induce G2/M-phase arrest and apoptosis in human leukemia cells.
47  DAPI staining
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 The farnesyltransferase inhibitor, FTI-2153, inhibits bipolar spindle formation during mitosis independently of transformation and Ras and p53 mutation status.
48  DAPI staining for DNA fragmentation
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2014 Melatonin induces apoptosis through biomolecular changes, in SK-LU-1 human lung adenocarcinoma cells.
49  DAPI, mithramycin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Ecology and life history of an amoebomastigote, Paratetramitus jugosus, from a microbial mat: new evidence for multiple fission.
50  DAPI-intense
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MTFs (1 time)
2015 Macrophage-tumor cell fusions from peripheral blood of melanoma patients.
51  data not shown
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AZT (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1999 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) transplacental perfusion kinetics and DNA incorporation in normal human placentas perfused with AZT.
52  dated human remains
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2012 Clovis age Western Stemmed projectile points and human coprolites at the Paisley Caves.
53  day of gestation revealed specific deficits in cell number
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1987 Effects of prenatal nicotine exposure on biochemical development of rat brain regions: maternal drug infusions via osmotic minipumps.
54  days of postoperative narcotic use
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
OT (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
1994 Video-assisted thoracic surgery: the approach of choice for selected diagnosis and therapy.
55  days of requirement for narcotic analgesia
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
OT (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
1994 Intrathoracic biopsies, pulmonary wedge excision, and management of pleural disease: is video-assisted closed chest surgery the approach of choice?
56  days, the number of cells
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1980 Studies of nonoxynol-9. I. The effect on the vaginas of rabbits and rats.
57  de novo activity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Stimulation of de novo methylation following limited proteolysis of mouse ascites DNA methylase.
58  de novo methylation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1984 DNA methylation. Inhibition of de novo and maintenance methylation in vitro by RNA and synthetic polynucleotides.
59  decay and anisotropy decay studies that at low
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT-DNA (1 time)
2016 Unraveling multiple binding modes of acridine orange to DNA using a multispectroscopic approach.
60  dechlorination performance, viability, and biomarker gene
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Dhc (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
2011 Effects of elevated temperature on Dehalococcoides dechlorination performance and DNA and RNA biomarker abundance.
61  decrease in intensity at (GEN)
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CT-DNA (1 time)
GEN (1 time)
GEND (1 time)
2008 [Research on the interactions between genistein and its glucosides with DNA].
62  Decrease in nuclear Feulgen-positive material
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
--- 1961 Decrease in nuclear Feulgen-positive material (DNA) upon aging in in vitro storage of bovine spermatozoa.
63  decrease in zeta potential with increasing c
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2007 Adsorption of DNA onto positively charged amidine colloidal spheres and the resultant bridging interaction.
64  decrease synthesis of viral genome
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
BPXV (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
MNK1 (1 time)
2018 MNK1 inhibitor as an antiviral agent suppresses buffalopox virus protein synthesis.
65  decreases in muscle weight and myonuclei number
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Growth hormone administration produces a biphasic cellular muscle growth in weaning mice.
66  dedicated neck acquisition
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PET-CT (1 time)
WBA (1 time)
2008 The added benefit of a dedicated neck F-18 FDG PET-CT imaging protocol in patients with suspected recurrent differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
67  deduction, rather than being induction from molecular
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Molecular genetics: increasing the resolving power of genetic analysis.
68  deep neural architecture
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LDC (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2011 Learning speaker-specific characteristics with a deep neural architecture.
69  deep-neck abscess
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2010 [Deep-neck infection: clinical analysis of 299 cases].
70  deficits in cell acquisition
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1988 Do sympathetic neurons coordinate cellular development in the heart and kidney? Effects of neonatal central and peripheral catecholaminergic lesions on cardiac and renal nucleic acids and proteins.
71  defined as the transfer of nucleic acids
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HGT (1 time)
2001 The future of human gene therapy.
72  defined nuclear antigens: deoxyribonucleic acid
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
nRNP (1 time)
1984 Definition and clinical relevance of antibodies to nuclear ribonucleoprotein and other nuclear antigens in patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis.
73  degeneration nervi acustici
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1971 [Results of short-term audiometry in patients with degeneration nervi acustici (DNA) senilis].
74  degradation of transcription-associated R-loops
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
2015 The Fanconi Anemia Pathway Maintains Genome Stability by Coordinating Replication and Transcription.
75  dehydroepiandrosterone
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DHA-sulphate (1 time)
1975 Synthesis of dehydroepiandrosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate by the human adrenal.
76  Deletion or inactivation of anti-self
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Development of functional B cells in a line of SCID mice with transgenes coding for anti-double-stranded DNA antibody.
77  delineates a link between morphogenetic
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2013 Centrosome: is it a geometric, noise resistant, 3D interface that translates morphogenetic signals into precise locations in the cell?
78  delivery of a recombinant expression vector
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
SCCHN (1 time)
2004 Bleomycin--electrical pulse delivery: electroporation therapy-bleomycin--Genetronics; MedPulser-bleomycin--Genetronics.
79  delta-2 and lambda-2, however, upon a high
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2006 Synthesis, characterization and DNA-binding of novel chiral complexes delta- and lambda-[Ru(bpy)2L]2+ (L = o-mopip and p-mopip).
80  Delta-DNAm
(1 time)
Epigenesis, Genetic
(1 time)
--- 2018 Epigenome-wide association study of total serum immunoglobulin E in children: a life course approach.
81  demonstrate abnormalities at the genomic
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PanIN (1 time)
2007 Molecular genetics of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia.
82  demonstrated for automated extraction and purification of nucleic acids
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2009 A self-contained fully-enclosed microfluidic cartridge for lab on a chip.
83  denatured DNA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Polynucleotide-chitosan complex, an insoluble but reactive form of polynucleotide.
84  denervation in geese prevented the changes in (RNA) and (RNA)
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1975 The control of adaptive hypertrophy in the salt glands of geese and ducks.
85  denoted TMR-DNA
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SERS (1 time)
2008 Detection of adenosine using surface-enhanced Raman scattering based on structure-switching signaling aptamer.
86  dense fraction containing nuclei
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RSVE (1 time)
1986 Intracellular protein catabolism: evidence for sequestration of proteins into an intermediate-filament fraction before lysosomal degradation.
87  densities, and thus very similar conventional
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CRM (1 time)
NIST (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2009 Production and certification of NIST Standard Reference Material 2372 Human DNA Quantitation Standard.
88  Deoksiribo Nucleic acids
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2018 Serum interleukin-37 level and interleukin-37 gene polymorphism in patients with Behcet disease.
89  deoxyribonucleic acids buoyant densities
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
1977 The taxonomy of some new isolates of dissimilatory sulfate-reducing bacteria.
90  Deoxyribonucleic Nucleic Acid
(1 time)
Biological Specimen Banks
(1 time)
STR (1 time)
2008 Confirmation of cadaveric blood sample identity by DNA profiling using Short Tandem Repeat (STR) analysis.
91  deoxyribonucleotides on the hybrid strand, together with its complementary
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Cytarabine-induced destabilization of a model Okazaki fragment.
92  dependent on the relative concentration
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Histone-mediated transfer and expression of the HIV-1 tat gene in Jurkat cells.
93  depends linearly on c
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2003 Onset of DNA aggregation in presence of monovalent and multivalent counterions.
94  deprivation and geodemographic segmentation analysis of non-attenders
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Cost implications, deprivation and geodemographic segmentation analysis of non-attenders (DNA) in an established diabetic retinopathy screening programme.
95  deprotonated oligonucleotides
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Chemical stability and reactivity of deprotonated oligonucleotides (DNA) in the gas phase: protonation and solvation with hydrogen bromide.
96  derive from the simultaneous presentation of antigen via MHC class-I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 The 'co-delivery' approach to liposomal vaccines: application to the development of influenza-A and hepatitis-B vaccine candidates.
97  Dermatology Nurses' Association
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Research activity and evidence-based practice within DNA: a survey.
98  Desert by comparing total
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2017 Cyanobacteria and Alphaproteobacteria May Facilitate Cooperative Interactions in Niche Communities.
99  design four-component systems that responded to an analyte
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Nucleic acid-templated energy transfer leading to a photorelease reaction and its application to a system displaying a nonlinear response.
100  design space of the binding of the major contaminant
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DSP (1 time)
FT (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
2015 Rational development of two flowthrough purification strategies for adenovirus type 5 and retro virus-like particles.