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Abbreviation: DNP
Appearance Frequency: 2670 time(s)
Long forms: 144

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
2,4-dinitrophenol
(1425 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(337 times)
CCCP (44 times)
RPMC (31 times)
IgE (30 times)
1953 [Paper chromatography in aqueous phase for the study of dinitrophenyl (DNP) amino acids and peptides].
dynamic nuclear polarization
(531 times)
Chemistry
(242 times)
NMR (77 times)
MAS (73 times)
EPR (32 times)
1993 Oxygen imaging in perfused hearts by dynamic nuclear polarization.
Doctor of Nursing Practice
(137 times)
Nursing
(126 times)
AACN (8 times)
APNs (4 times)
APRNs (4 times)
2000 Assuring quality and access in advanced practice nursing: a challenge to nurse educators.
diabetic nephropathy
(54 times)
Nephrology
(19 times)
DM (7 times)
STZ (6 times)
ESRD (4 times)
1985 Tubular dysfunctions in the diagnostic differentiation of glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, and diabetic nephropathy.
deoxyribonucleoprotein
(52 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
RNP (8 times)
DNA (3 times)
SLE (3 times)
1963 The fine structure of the DNP component of the nucleus. An electron microscopic study utilizing autoradiography to localize DNA synthesis.
Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
CNP (18 times)
ANP (15 times)
BNP (15 times)
1992 A new member of the natriuretic peptide family is present in the venom of the green mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps).
diabetic neuropathic pain
(49 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
STZ (15 times)
DRG (12 times)
MWT (12 times)
2006 New perspectives on the management of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.
1,5-dioxynaphthalene
(38 times)
Chemistry
(32 times)
TTF (23 times)
HQ (4 times)
GSCC (3 times)
2004 Redox-controllable amphiphilic [2]rotaxanes.
dorsal nerve of the penis
(34 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
MRF (6 times)
PN (5 times)
CSN (2 times)
1992 Neural regulation of the vas deferens in the rat: an electrophysiological analysis.
10  1,8-dinitropyrene
(29 times)
Genetics
(12 times)
1-NP (2 times)
DNBeP (2 times)
DNF (2 times)
1983 Identification of dinitropyrenes in diesel-exhaust particles. Their probable presence as the major mutagens.
11  N,N'-dinitrosopiperazine
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
NPC (16 times)
ENET (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1977 Metabolism of acyclic and cyclic N-nitrosamines in cultured human bronchi.
12  doctorate of nursing practice
(16 times)
Nursing
(14 times)
AACN (2 times)
AONE (1 time)
CNOs (1 time)
2005 "Lest we forget": an issue concerning the Doctorate in Nursing Practice (DNP).
13  Donana National Park
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AF (1 time)
Bd (1 time)
EROD (1 time)
1997 Phlebotomine sandflies in a focus of visceral leishmaniasis in a border area of eastern Sudan.
14  donepezil
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AD (6 times)
AChE (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (2 times)
2012 Combined administration of cerebrolysin and donepezil induces plastic changes in prefrontal cortex in aged mice.
15  dinitrophenylhydrazine
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MDA (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
4-HNE (2 times)
1995 Release of aldehydes from rat alveolar macrophages exposed in vitro to low concentrations of nitrogen dioxide.
16  2,4-dinitrophenyl group
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BSA (3 times)
APCS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
1975 Cell co-operation and hapten--carrier complexes.
17  2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
4-MP (1 time)
AA (1 time)
AcH (1 time)
1983 Assay of blood and tissue aldehydes by HPLC analysis of their 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine adducts.
18  denitrification potential
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AFDM (1 time)
BNR (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2004 Denitrification potential in relation to lithology in five headwater riparian zones.
19  3,4-dinitropyrazole
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
AIM (2 times)
MD (2 times)
RDG (2 times)
2012 A B3LYP and MP2(full) theoretical investigation into explosive sensitivity upon the formation of the molecule-cation interaction between the nitro group of 3,4-dinitropyrazole and H+, Li+, Na+, Be2+ or Mg2+.
20  dinucleoside phosphates
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
SC (1 time)
SS (1 time)
1979 [Eight types of stacking interaction in dinucleotides. Conformational analysis of ApA, ApC, CpA, CpC, GpG].
21  DNA nanoparticle
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
hGDNF (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2011 Transgene expression in the striatum following intracerebral injections of DNA nanoparticles encoding for human glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor.
22  Dendroaspis NP
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Agents
(1 time)
CNP (3 times)
NP (2 times)
aa (1 time)
2009 Pharmacodynamics of a novel designer natriuretic peptide, CD-NP, in a first-in-human clinical trial in healthy subjects.
23  diabetic peripheral neuropathy
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
MDA (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
EPO (1 time)
2008 [Effects of lisinopril on diabetic peripheral neuropathy: experiment with rats].
24  Dictionary of Natural Products
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCA (2 times)
DAD (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 Chromatographic analysis with different detectors in the chemical characterisation and dereplication of African propolis.
25  dinonyl phthalate
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBP (2 times)
DHP (2 times)
DEHA (1 time)
2001 [Contents of phthalate in polyvinyl chloride toys].
26  epsilon-dinitrophenyl
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
IgG1 (1 time)
1976 Interaction of epsilon-dinitrophenyl (DNP)-L-lysine with bovine colostral anti-DNP immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1): concentration independence.
27  2,4-epsilon-dinitrophenol-L-lysine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
4-MPy (2 times)
SERS (1 time)
2009 Targeted surface-enhanced Raman scattering nanosensors for whole-cell pH imagery.
28  3,4-Dinitro-1H-pyrazole
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2017 Prediction of crystal morphology of 3,4-Dinitro-1H-pyrazole (DNP) in different solvents.
29  6-(2,4-dinitrophenyl) aminohexanoic acid
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
2009 A surface acoustic wave-based immunosensing device using a nanocrystalline ZnO film on Si.
30  days non-pregnant
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
DIMFS (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
FSHR (1 time)
2009 Effect of clinical mastitis and other diseases on reproductive performance of Holstein cows.
31  decreasing nutritional plane
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
INP (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2007 Nutritional influences on reproductive neuroendocrine output: insulin, leptin, and orexigenic neuropeptide signaling in the ovine hypothalamus.
32  dentate nuclei-to-pons
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
BMs (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2014 Progressive increase of T1 signal intensity of the dentate nucleus on unenhanced magnetic resonance images is associated with cumulative doses of intravenously administered gadodiamide in patients with normal renal function, suggesting dechelation.
33  deoxyribonucleoprotein fraction
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Reaction between tetranitromethane and deoxyribonucleoproteins].
34  dextran-based nanoparticles
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
PNP (1 time)
2015 Characterizing the interactions of organic nanoparticles with renal epithelial cells in vivo.
35  differentiated nursing practice
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 1994 Differentiated interdisciplinary practice.
36  dinitrophenyl determinant
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
--- 1970 Phylogeny of immunoglobulin structure and function. V. Valences and association constants of teleost antibodies to a haptenic determinant.
37  Dinitropyrenes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
1,8-DNP (1 time)
NQOR (1 time)
1991 Dinitropyrene nitroreductase activity of purified NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase: role in rat liver cytosol and induction by Aroclor-1254 pretreatment.
38  DNA-protein
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1995 The short DNA sequences in the cytoplasm of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells are tightly associated with proteins.
39  donepezil hydrochloride
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
2006 Electroanalytical determination of donepezil HCl in tablets and human serum by differential pulse and osteryoung square wave voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode.
40  dorsal nail plate
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DVR (1 time)
LCP (1 time)
2007 Volar versus dorsal fixed-angle fixation of dorsally unstable extra-articular distal radius fractures: a biomechanic study.
41  double numerical basis set with polarization
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (2 times)
HOMO (1 time)
LUMO (1 time)
2008 Performance of numerical basis set DFT for aluminum clusters.
42  duration of negative pressure
(2 times)
Space Flight
(1 time)
LBNP (3 times)
CSI (2 times)
LTI (1 time)
2000 [Effects of repeated low body negative pressure (LBNP) exposures on LBNP tolerance].
43  dynamic nanoplatform
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
MB (2 times)
ORMOSIL (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
2005 Photodynamic characterization and in vitro application of methylene blue-containing nanoparticle platforms.
44  dynamic polarization
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
ZA (1 time)
2017 Deuteration of Hyperpolarized 13 C-Labeled Zymonic Acid Enables Sensitivity-Enhanced Dynamic MRI of pH.
45  1,1'-bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-4,4'-bipyridinium dication
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Search for Electron Delocalization from [Fe(CN)6]3- to the Dication of Viologen in (DNP)3[Fe(CN)6]210H2O.
46  1,1'-dinaphthylpropane
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DNE (1 time)
2008 Observation of intramolecular singlet and triplet excimers of tethered naphthalene moieties under the geometric constraints imposed by the host framework of zeolites.
47  2,2-dimethyl-3-(nitrooxy) propanoic
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NG (1 time)
2017 Effect of Nitrooxy Compounds with Different Molecular Structures on the Rumen Methanogenesis, Metabolic Profile, and Methanogenic Community.
48  2,4-dinitrophenol sodium salt
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ILD (1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1985 Characterization of long-lasting histaminergic inhibition in a beating pacemaker neuron of Onchidium.
49  2,4-dinitrophenol solutions
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AOPs (1 time)
2001 Weibull modeling of the Fenton's oxidation process.
50  2,4-dinitrophenoxide ion
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BDNPP (1 time)
obs (1 time)
2003 Reactions of bis(2,4-dinitrophenyl) phosphate with hydroxylamine.
51  2,4-dinitrophenyl ligand
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Effect of cocaine on the immune response and host resistance in BALB/c mice.
52  2,4-dinitrophenyl phospholipid
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SFG (1 time)
2013 Vibrational sum-frequency generation activity of a 2,4-dinitrophenyl phospholipid hybrid bilayer: retrieving orientational parameters from a DFT analysis of experimental data.
53  4,5-Diamino-1,8-naphthalimide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 A red-shift colorimetric and fluorescent sensor for Cu2+ in aqueous solution: unsymmetrical 4,5-diaminonaphthalimide with N-H deprotonation induced by metal ions.
54  albumin-dinitrophenol
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2007 Zinc supplementation of pregnant rats with adequate zinc nutriture suppresses immune functions in their offspring.
55  anti-2,4-dinitrophenyl IgG: IgG
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 A non-chromatographic method for the purification of a bivalently active monoclonal IgG antibody from biological fluids.
56  anti-DNA-histone complex
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1985 [Study on anti-DNA-histone complex (DNP) antibodies. Discrepancy among results in the LE cell test and latex agglutination test (SLE latex test)].
57  aureus-Dinitrophenyl
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DxS (1 time)
ELISA's (1 time)
Ig-cc (1 time)
1987 Effect of dextran sulphate on IgG subclass of antibody in efferent popliteal lymph of sheep.
58  Bachelor-to-Doctor of Nursing Practice
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2018 Examining Admission Factors Predicting Success in a Doctor of Nursing Practice Program.
59  C-Donepezil
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
2014 Distribution of intravenously administered acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and acetylcholinesterase activity in the adrenal gland: 11C-donepezil PET study in the normal rat.
60  D-penicillamine
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Medical treatment of cystine lithiasis in children].
61  D-type natriuretic peptide
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
2011 Natriuretic peptides: Diagnostic and therapeutic use.
62  Dachigam National Park
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 Seasonal population density and winter survival strategies of endangered Kashmir gray langur (Semnopithecus ajax) in Dachigam National Park, Kashmir, India.
63  Dairy Nutrient Planner computer program
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
2001 An assessment of ammonia emissions from dairy facilities in Pennsylvania.
64  Dartmoor National Park
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SWCP (1 time)
2010 The use of 137Cs to establish longer-term soil erosion rates on footpaths in the UK.
65  data related to protamine and nucleoprotamine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Are there molecules of nucleoprotamine?
66  day-night profile
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
i-IGT (1 time)
mIGT (1 time)
2008 Efficacy of the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor isoleucine thiazolidide (P32/98) in fatty Zucker rats with incipient and manifest impaired glucose tolerance.
67  de novo biosynthesis of pheromone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PBAN (1 time)
RPP (1 time)
2017 Sex pheromone in the moth Heliothis virescens is produced as a mixture of two pools: de novo and via precursor storage in glycerolipids.
68  de novo pathway
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
dC (1 time)
dCK (1 time)
2014 Co-targeting of convergent nucleotide biosynthetic pathways for leukemia eradication.
69  Deliberate poisoning with dinitrophenol
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Deliberate poisoning with dinitrophenol (DNP): an unlicensed weight loss pill.
70  Dementia Network Promoter
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DITS (1 time)
2018 Dementia IT screening system (DITS): Practical use of local social resources for early diagnosis of dementia with collaboration between family physicians and dementia specialists.
71  demonstrated hydrolytic activity against the peptide substrate 7-methoxycoumarin-4-acetyl-GKPILFFRLK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Ov-APR-1, an aspartic protease from the carcinogenic liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini: functional expression, immunolocalization and subsite specificity.
72  demyelinating neuropathy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIDP (1 time)
DADS (1 time)
MAG (1 time)
2009 [Polyneuropathy associated with monoclonal gammapathy: treatment perspectives].
73  dendroaspis snakes' poison
(1 time)
Intensive Care
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
2008 [Natriuretic peptides--relevance in intensive care].
74  Density-normalized perfusion
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FRC (1 time)
nDNP (1 time)
2016 The effect of lung deformation on the spatial distribution of pulmonary blood flow.
75  deoxyribonucleic acid-protein
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CC-PAs (1 time)
NCC-PAs (1 time)
NCC-Put (1 time)
2006 Relationship between osmotic stress and polyamines conjugated to the deoxyribonucleic acid-protein in wheat seedling roots.
76  detachment negative pressure
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DNPR (1 time)
SCAMA (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
2008 Single cell adhesion measuring apparatus (SCAMA): application to cancer cell lines of different metastatic potential and voltage-gated Na+ channel expression.
77  development previously described fro dinitrophenyl
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Ars (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1977 The frequency of para-azophenylarsonate and dimethylaminonapthalene-sulfonyl-specific B cells in neonatal and adult BALB/c mice.
78  dexamethasone-neomycin-polymyxin
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NPG (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2004 Comparison of topical tobramycin-dexamethasone with dexamethasone-neomycin-polymyxin and neomycin-polymyxin-gramicidin for control of inflammation after cataract surgery: results of a multicenter, prospective, three-arm, randomized, double-masked, controlled, parallel-group study.
79  dextran nanoparticle
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PET/MRI (1 time)
2013 Polymeric nanoparticle PET/MR imaging allows macrophage detection in atherosclerotic plaques.
80  dextropropoxyphene napsylate and paracetamol
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1982 Analgesia following adult tonsillectomy: a comparative study of solpadeine and a soluble form of dextropropoxyphene napsylate and paracetamol.
81  di(4-nitrophenyl) iodonium tetrafluoroborate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2015 Electrochemical modification of indium tin oxide using di(4-nitrophenyl) iodonium tetrafluoroborate.
82  di-iodonitrophenol
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1984 Studies on Haemonchus contortus. XI. The effect of a bovine strain of Trichostrongylus axei in Merinos on natural pastures heavily infested with H. contortus.
83  diabetes nurse practitioner
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
ADDQoL (1 time)
DTSQ (1 time)
2017 The Effect of Nurse Practitioner-Led Intervention in Diabetes Care for Patients Admitted to Cardiology Services.
84  Diabetes-induced neuropathic pain
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
i.p (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2017 Acrolein Scavenger Hydralazine Prevents Streptozotocin-Induced Painful Diabetic Neuropathy and Spinal Neuroinflammation in Rats.
85  diabetic autonomic neuropathy
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
STFT (2 times)
cPLR (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2009 Pupillary responses to single and sinusoidal light stimuli in diabetic patients.
86  diabetic rats with peripheral neuropathy
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALAT (1 time)
ASAT (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2018 Efficiencies of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) and Gabapentin in the Management of Peripheral Neuropathy: Diabetic Neuropathy.
87  diamond nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DNPs (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2018 Synergistic effect of MoS2 and diamond nanoparticles in electrochemical sensors: determination of the anticonvulsant drug valproic acid.
88  did not affect 2,4-dinitrophenol
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1994 Cytoplasmic transfer of the mtDNA nt 8993 T-->G (ATP6) point mutation associated with Leigh syndrome into mtDNA-less cells demonstrates cosegregation with a decrease in state III respiration and ADP/O ratio.
89  did not participate
(1 time)
NFL (1 time)
2017 Short-term Outcomes Following Concussion in the NFL: A Study of Player Longevity, Performance, and Financial Loss.
90  diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2009 Structure of EstA esterase from psychrotrophic Pseudoalteromonas sp. 643A covalently inhibited by monoethylphosphonate.
91  different peptide substrates of the form Biotin-LAQA-P1'-P2'-SSK
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TACE (1 time)
2005 Substrate specificity and novel selective inhibitors of TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) from two-dimensional substrate mapping.
92  diffraction patterns of deoxyribonucleoproteids
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
1975 [Folding of deoxyribonucleic acid in chromatin].
93  diffuse nasal polyposis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2008 Biofilm in nasal polyps.
94  dihydroartemisinin-napthoquine-trimethoprim
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2003 Comparative clinical trial of two-fixed combinations dihydroartemisinin-napthoquine-trimethoprim (DNP) and artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem/Riamet) in the treatment of acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Thailand.
95  dinaphthoporphycene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
acac (1 time)
2015 beta,beta'-Bipyrrole Fusion-Driven cis-Bimetallic Complexation in Isomeric Porphyrin.
96  dinaphthopyrene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
H9H (1 time)
2018 Hexapole [9]Helicene.
97  dinitrophenol-conjugated albumin
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BMMC (1 time)
2011 Modulation of mast cell adhesion, proliferation, and cytokine secretion on electrospun bioresorbable vascular grafts.
98  dinitrophenyl peptide
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BANA (1 time)
1992 The relationship between ovarian progesterone and proteolytic enzyme activity during ovulation in the gonadotropin-treated immature rat.
99  dinitrophenylhydrazine reactive carbonyls
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DN (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
2008 Inhibition of renin angiotensin system decreases renal protein oxidative damage in diabetic rats.
100  dinitropyrene isomers
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
2AA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2001 Suppression of arylamine toxicity in the Fischer-344 rat following ingestion of a complex mixture.