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Abbreviation: DRE
Appearance Frequency: 1796 time(s)
Long forms: 90

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
digital rectal examination
(1152 times)
Urology
(529 times)
PSA (750 times)
TRUS (355 times)
PCa (145 times)
1988 Transrectal ultrasound in the diagnosis and staging of local disease after I125 seed implantation for prostate cancer.
dioxin response element
(141 times)
Biochemistry
(53 times)
AhR (82 times)
TCDD (60 times)
EROD (19 times)
1987 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin receptors regulate transcription of the cytochrome P1-450 gene.
drug-resistant epilepsy
(123 times)
Neurology
(80 times)
AEDs (16 times)
EEG (13 times)
MRI (12 times)
1990 Use of intravenous immunoglobulins in drug-resistant epilepsy.
digital rectal exam
(88 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PSA (56 times)
PCa (18 times)
TRUS (9 times)
1989 The current and potential status of screening for prostatic cancer in asymptomatic populations.
dehydration-responsive element
(50 times)
Botany
(23 times)
ABA (11 times)
CRT (11 times)
ABRE (4 times)
1994 A novel cis-acting element in an Arabidopsis gene is involved in responsiveness to drought, low-temperature, or high-salt stress.
DNA replication-related element
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
DREF (22 times)
PCNA (6 times)
zen (3 times)
1993 Novel 8-base pair sequence (Drosophila DNA replication-related element) and specific binding factor involved in the expression of Drosophila genes for DNA polymerase alpha and proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
downstream regulatory element
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
DREAM (6 times)
LT (3 times)
CREB (2 times)
1997 DNA binding is not sufficient for H-NS-mediated repression of proU expression.
destruction and removal efficiency
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
DE (2 times)
1,2,3-TCB (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2004 Catalytic hydrotreating of 2,4'-DDT and 4,4'-DDT.
distal regulatory element
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
bp (2 times)
EMSAs (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1986 Location of regulatory elements responsible for drug induction in the rat cytochrome P-450c gene.
10  drug refractory epilepsy
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
QOL (4 times)
QOLIE-31 (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2009 Driving cost factors in adult outpatients with refractory epilepsy: a daily clinical practice in clinics of neurology in Spain.
11  Drug Recognition Expert
(10 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
DUID (2 times)
alpha-PVP (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
1997 Phencyclidine blood concentrations in DRE cases.
12  dandelion root extract
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CCAT1 (1 time)
CMML (1 time)
DISC (1 time)
2011 Selective induction of apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 in human leukemia cells (Jurkat) by dandelion root extract.
13  dioxin-responsive enhancer
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AhR (6 times)
TCDD (3 times)
ARNT (2 times)
1991 A novel BK virus-based episomal vector for expression of foreign genes in mammalian cells.
14  Dictyostelium repetitive element
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
LTRs (2 times)
bp (1 time)
HCD strains (1 time)
1991 Transfer RNA genes from Dictyostelium discoideum are frequently associated with repetitive elements and contain consensus boxes in their 5' and 3'-flanking regions.
15  dioxin-responsive enhancer element
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TCDD (3 times)
AhR (2 times)
ANF (1 time)
1991 Alpha-naphthoflavone acts as an antagonist of 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by forming an inactive complex with the Ah receptor.
16  double-repetitive-element
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
RFLP (2 times)
TB (2 times)
APs (1 time)
1999 [Genotypic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guiana-Antilles region].
17  dual repressor element
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HDAC (1 time)
HEK (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
1998 Sporulation-specific expression of the yeast DIT1/DIT2 promoter is controlled by a newly identified repressor element and the short form of Rim101p.
18  dark recovery experiences
(3 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
OTHP (2 times)
OTS (2 times)
POTR (2 times)
2010 Dark-recovery experiences, coping strategies, and needs of adult heart transplant recipients in Taiwan.
19  desnutricion relacionada con la enfermedad
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CAULE (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2016 [In Process Citation].
20  delayed repeat enema
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AHC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2012 Delayed repeated enema and operative findings after unsuccessful primary enema for intussusception.
21  delayed response enhancement
(2 times)
Synapses
(1 time)
PDBu (1 time)
2010 Synapsin-dependent vesicle recruitment modulated by forskolin, phorbol ester and ca in mouse excitatory hippocampal synapses.
22  dietary rosemary extract
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2014 Shelf life of meat from lambs given essential oil-free rosemary extract containing carnosic acid plus carnosol at 200 or 400 mg kg⁻.
23  differentiation response element
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
ATF2 (1 time)
DRF (1 time)
1998 p300 and ATF-2 are components of the DRF complex, which regulates retinoic acid- and E1A-mediated transcription of the c-jun gene in F9 cells.
24  diffuse retinal epitheliopathy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSC (2 times)
2002 [Helicobacter pylori in central serous chorioretinopathy and diffuse retinal epitheliopathy. Results of the first prospective pilot study].
25  diffuse retinal oedema
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
SRF (2 times)
DME (1 time)
HRF (1 time)
2009 Interobserver agreement for the detection of optical coherence tomography features of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
26  diffusion-reaction equation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FDs (1 time)
FEs (1 time)
2010 Comparing finite elements and finite differences for developing diffusive models of glioma growth.
27  dimension-repetition effect
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PoP (1 time)
RTs (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2012 The multiple-weighting-systems hypothesis: theory and empirical support.
28  direct radiative effect
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AERONET (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
CNEMC (1 time)
2018 Global and regional importance of the direct dust-climate feedback.
29  direct repeat element
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DRP-1 (1 time)
1993 Translational regulation of tra-2 by its 3' untranslated region controls sexual identity in C. elegans.
30  DNA-replication elements
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NURF (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
pnr (1 time)
2007 Identification of trf2 mutants of Drosophila with defects in anterior spiracle eversion.
31  dorsal root entry zone
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
TG (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1997 Cytokine production in the nervous system of mice during acute and latent infection with herpes simplex virus type 1.
32  Drynaria rhizome extracts
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2017 Davallia mariesii Moore Improves FcepsilonRI-Mediated Allergic Responses in the Rat Basophilic Leukemia Mast Cell Line RBL-2H3 and Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis in Mice.
33  duration of regional electrograms
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DP (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1998 Disproportional response between refractory period and blood flow to alpha 1- and beta-adrenoceptor blockade in canine ischemic myocardium.
34  dynamic rectal examination
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Dynamic rectal examination (defecography).
35  dynamic respiratory endoscopy
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DUAO (1 time)
LP (1 time)
LRQ (1 time)
2011 Association of owner-reported noise with findings during dynamic respiratory endoscopy in Thoroughbred racehorses.
36  D. rotundifolia extract
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 In vitro H+/K+-ATPase Inhibition, Antiradical Effects of a Flavonoid-rich Fraction of Dissotis rotundifolia, and In silico PASS Prediction of its Isolated Compounds.
37  Dafengjiang River Estuary
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
DRP (1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2019 The microbiomic and environmental analysis of sediments in the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) habitat in the Northern Beibu Gulf, China.
38  daily resting energy
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
DAE (1 time)
DFE (1 time)
FMRs (1 time)
2004 Intersexual differences in energy expenditure of Anolis carolinensis lizards during breeding and postbreeding seasons.
39  damage repair
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BER (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2017 Impact of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of Base Excision Repair Genes on DNA Damage and Efficiency of DNA Repair in Recurrent Depression Disorder.
40  Daptomycin resistance among S. aureus and enterococci
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
GNB (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2019 The Microbiology of Bloodstream Infection: 20-Year Trends from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program.
41  data reduction equation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2010 A modular approach to linear uncertainty analysis.
42  Decoction for resuscitation
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
6-keto-PGF1 alpha (1 time)
AE (1 time)
AGE (1 time)
2004 [Effects of the extracts from decoction for resuscitation and its component herbs on PGI2, TXA2 and NO release from rat vascular endothelial cells under hypoxia in vitro].
43  degradation rate efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EY (1 time)
2018 Abatement of SF6 in the presence of NH3 by dielectric barrier discharge plasma.
44  degree of radiological extent
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CDCs (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 The relationship between chitotriosidase activity and tuberculosis.
45  dehydrated/rehydrated/electroporated
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2010 Transgene transmission in South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen) larvae by sperm-mediated gene transfer.
46  delayed rim enhancement
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2008 Two different types of ring-like enhancement on dynamic MR imaging in breast cancer: correlation with the histopathologic findings.
47  depth-resolved estimation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
OAC (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
ODRE (1 time)
2019 Optimized depth-resolved estimation to measure optical attenuation coefficients from optical coherence tomography and its application in cerebral damage determination.
48  Desaturase Regulatory Element
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
STRE (1 time)
1999 CAMP is involved in transcriptional regulation of delta9-desaturase during Histoplasma capsulatum morphogenesis.
49  destruxin E
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CMA (1 time)
PRG (1 time)
V-ATPase (1 time)
1997 Characterization of a series of vacuolar type H(+)-ATPase inhibitors on CTL-mediated cytotoxicity.
50  detachment-responsive element
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Cip1 (1 time)
Hic-5 (1 time)
KLF4 (1 time)
2012 A HIC-5- and KLF4-dependent mechanism transactivates p21(Cip1) in response to anchorage loss.
51  diabetic retinal examinations
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HMO (1 time)
1999 Effect of multiple patient reminders in improving diabetic retinopathy screening. A randomized trial.
52  diabetic retrograde ejaculation
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
1990 [The function of the closure apparatus of the bladder in retrograde ejaculation in diabetics].
53  Diagnostic Radiologic Examination
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Utilization of diagnostic radiologic examinations in the emergency department of a teaching hospital.
54  dichloromethanic root
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ELE (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition and antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antiviral activities of Gallesia gorazema (Phytolaccaceae), a potential candidate for novel anti-herpetic phytomedicines.
55  didehydroretinyl esters
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
MRDR (1 time)
2006 The modified-relative-dose-response values in serum and milk are positively correlated over time in lactating sows with adequate vitamin A status.
56  differential rotation effect
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Spatial layout, orientation relative to the observer, and perceived projection in pictures viewed at an angle.
57  digital rectal examination findings
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2017 A retrospective comparison between transrectal and transperineal prostate biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer.
58  digital rectal examination of the gland
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PSA (1 time)
TRUS (1 time)
2000 [Early detection of prostate carcinoma. What diagnosis is of value when?].
59  digital rectal examination, a serum PSA determination
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
PSAD (1 time)
2009 Age specific reference levels of serum prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume and prostate specific antigen density in healthy Iranian men.
60  direct repeats
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ATF (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
1995 The human I alpha 1 region contains a TGF-beta 1 responsive enhancer and a putative recombination hotspot.
61  directed right ear
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DDdT (1 time)
DLE (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2016 The Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT): Development, Normative Data, and Test-Retest Reliability Studies Part 1.
62  directly repeated sequence
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CRE (1 time)
SIE (1 time)
SRE (1 time)
1997 Chromatin structure analysis of the human c-fos promoter reveals a centrally positioned nucleosome.
63  disaster reduction education
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Disaster Risk Education of Final Year High School Students Requires a Partnership with Families and Charity Organizations: An International Cross-sectional Survey.
64  Disaster Resilience Enhancement
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
NBS (1 time)
2017 Natural Assurance Scheme: A level playing field framework for Green-Grey infrastructure development.
65  disaster risk education
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
DRR (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2017 Challenging Assumptions: What Do We Need to Address in Our Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts?
66  Dissotis rotundifolia extract
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
H. pylori (1 time)
TTC (1 time)
2018 Isolation of Helicobacter pylori from Gastric Biopsy of Dyspeptic Patients in Ghana and In Vitro Preliminary Assessment of the Effect of Dissotis rotundifolia Extract on Its Growth.
67  distractor-ratio effect
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Age differences in the distractor-ratio effect as a function of contrast level.
68  Distylium racemosum
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2019 Inhibition of lipid accumulation by the ethyl acetate fraction of Distylium racemosum in vitro and in vivo.
69  DNA repair efficacy
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BER (1 time)
2016 Associations between DNA Damage, DNA Base Excision Repair Gene Variability and Alzheimer's Disease Risk.
70  doctoral research experiences
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DMP (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2014 Research experiences and mentoring practices in selected east Asian graduate programs: predictors of research productivity among doctoral students in molecular biology.
71  dorsal root entry
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Electrophysiological mapping of sympathetic nuclei in the L2 and L3 segments of the spinal cord.
72  dose rate effect
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1987 Effect of decreasing the dose rate of irradiation on the mouse lip mucosa. Comparison with fractionated irradiations.
73  double recommended rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HRE (1 time)
Re (1 time)
2016 Influence of imazethapyr and quizalofop-p-ethyl application on microbial biomass and enzymatic activity in peanut grown soil.
74  doubly robust estimation
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DNBC (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2013 Cell phone exposures and hearing loss in children in the Danish National Birth Cohort.
75  downhill running economy
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LRE (1 time)
URE (1 time)
2019 Level, uphill and downhill running economy values are strongly inter-correlated.
76  downstream repressive element
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Strong inhibition of fimbrial 3 subunit gene transcription by a novel downstream repressive element in Bordetella pertussis.
77  dpp repression element
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
dpp (1 time)
VRRs (1 time)
zen (1 time)
1995 Binding sites for transcription factor NTF-1/Elf-1 contribute to the ventral repression of decapentaplegic.
78  DRE compared to the general epileptic population
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Drug-resistant epilepsy and epileptic phenotype-EEG association in MECP2 mutated Rett syndrome.
79  DREF binding site
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AQP (1 time)
bib (1 time)
2008 Big brain, a Drosophila homologue of mammalian aquaporin, is regulated by the DRE/DREF system.
80  drug retention in human epidermis
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HSE (1 time)
TDDS (1 time)
2017 In Vitro Drug Transfer Due to Drug Retention in Human Epidermis Pretreated with Application of Marketed Estradiol Transdermal Systems.
81  drug-refractory focal epilepsy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PER (1 time)
2017 Add-on perampanel and aggressive behaviour in severe drug-resistant focal epilepsies.
82  dry leaves
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FRE (1 time)
FUR (1 time)
GELH (1 time)
2019 Furcellaran/gelatin hydrolysate/rosemary extract composite films as active and intelligent packaging materials.
83  Drynariae
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effects of Rhizoma Drynariae Cataplasm on Fracture Healing in a Rat Model of Osteoporosis.
84  DsRed Express
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MTSs (1 time)
2008 Mutations in the passenger polypeptide can affect its partitioning between mitochondria and cytoplasm: mutations can impair the mitochondrial import of DsRed.
85  Duschinsky rotation effect
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
QM/MM (1 time)
2014 Aggregation effects on the optical emission of 1,1,2,3,4,5-hexaphenylsilole (HPS): a QM/MM study.
86  DUX4-Responsive-Element
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Structural basis of DUX4/IGH-driven transactivation.
87  Dynamic reading efficiency
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PIT (1 time)
2000 Effects of injection position and transponder size on the performances of passive injectable transponders used for the electronic identification of cattle.
88  dysphagia-relief experience
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
HDR-BT (1 time)
2010 Adding external beam to intra-luminal brachytherapy improves palliation in obstructive squamous cell oesophageal cancer: a prospective multi-centre randomized trial of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
89  examination--digital rectal exam
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2003 Increasing level of prostate-specific antigen and prostate cancer risk factors among 193 men examined in screening procedure.
90  post-digital rectal exam
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ERG (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of the ETS-related gene mRNA in urine for the detection of prostate cancer.