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Abbreviation: DRE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
digital rectal examination
(1302 times)
Urology
(566 times)
PSA (828 times)
TRUS (364 times)
PCa (204 times)
1988 Transrectal ultrasound in the diagnosis and staging of local disease after I125 seed implantation for prostate cancer.
drug-resistant epilepsy
(412 times)
Neurology
(249 times)
VNS (57 times)
EEG (28 times)
AEDs (24 times)
1990 Use of intravenous immunoglobulins in drug-resistant epilepsy.
dioxin response element
(150 times)
Biochemistry
(54 times)
AhR (87 times)
TCDD (61 times)
EROD (19 times)
1987 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin receptors regulate transcription of the cytochrome P1-450 gene.
digital rectal exam
(112 times)
Urology
(36 times)
PSA (73 times)
PCa (24 times)
TRUS (9 times)
1989 The current and potential status of screening for prostatic cancer in asymptomatic populations.
dehydration-responsive element
(59 times)
Botany
(26 times)
ABA (12 times)
CRT (12 times)
ABRE (5 times)
1994 A novel cis-acting element in an Arabidopsis gene is involved in responsiveness to drought, low-temperature, or high-salt stress.
DNA replication-related element
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
DREF (22 times)
PCNA (6 times)
zen (3 times)
1993 Novel 8-base pair sequence (Drosophila DNA replication-related element) and specific binding factor involved in the expression of Drosophila genes for DNA polymerase alpha and proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
downstream regulatory element
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
DREAM (6 times)
LT (3 times)
CREB (2 times)
1997 DNA binding is not sufficient for H-NS-mediated repression of proU expression.
drug-refractory epilepsy
(22 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
QoL (4 times)
VEEG (3 times)
CC (2 times)
2008 Driving cost factors in adult outpatients with refractory epilepsy: a daily clinical practice in clinics of neurology in Spain.
destruction and removal efficiency
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
DE (2 times)
1,2,3-TCB (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2004 Catalytic hydrotreating of 2,4'-DDT and 4,4'-DDT.
10  Drug Recognition Expert
(17 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
CNS (3 times)
DUID (3 times)
DECP (2 times)
1997 Phencyclidine blood concentrations in DRE cases.
11  distal regulatory element
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
bp (2 times)
EMSAs (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1986 Location of regulatory elements responsible for drug induction in the rat cytochrome P-450c gene.
12  dandelion root extract
(11 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CBS (1 time)
CCAT1 (1 time)
CMDI (1 time)
2010 Selective induction of apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 in human leukemia cells (Jurkat) by dandelion root extract.
13  dioxin-responsive enhancer
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AhR (6 times)
TCDD (3 times)
ARNT (2 times)
1991 A novel BK virus-based episomal vector for expression of foreign genes in mammalian cells.
14  Dictyostelium repetitive element
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
LTRs (2 times)
bp (1 time)
HCD strains (1 time)
1991 Transfer RNA genes from Dictyostelium discoideum are frequently associated with repetitive elements and contain consensus boxes in their 5' and 3'-flanking regions.
15  dioxin-responsive enhancer element
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TCDD (3 times)
AhR (2 times)
ANF (1 time)
1991 Alpha-naphthoflavone acts as an antagonist of 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by forming an inactive complex with the Ah receptor.
16  direct radiative effect
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AAOD (1 time)
AERONET (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
2017 Integrative analysis of desert dust size and abundance suggests less dust climate cooling.
17  double-repetitive-element
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
RFLP (2 times)
TB (2 times)
APs (1 time)
2000 [Genotypic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guiana-Antilles region].
18  drug-resistant focal epilepsy
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ANT (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2021 The Efficacy, Safety, and Outcomes of Brain-responsive Neurostimulation (RNS® System) therapy in older adults.
19  dual repressor element
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HDAC (1 time)
HEK (1 time)
MSE (1 time)
1999 Sporulation-specific expression of the yeast DIT1/DIT2 promoter is controlled by a newly identified repressor element and the short form of Rim101p.
20  dark recovery experiences
(3 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
OTHP (2 times)
OTS (2 times)
POTR (2 times)
2010 Dark-recovery experiences, coping strategies, and needs of adult heart transplant recipients in Taiwan.
21  delayed repeated enema
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AHC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2012 Delayed repeated enema and operative findings after unsuccessful primary enema for intussusception.
22  delayed response enhancement
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCH (1 time)
PDBu (1 time)
2010 Synapsin-dependent vesicle recruitment modulated by forskolin, phorbol ester and ca in mouse excitatory hippocampal synapses.
23  desnutricion relacionada con la enfermedad
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CAULE (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2016 [In Process Citation].
24  drug-resistant
(3 times)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
(1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
DRV (1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
2019 Drug-resistant epilepsy classified by a phenotyping algorithm associates with NTRK2.
25  Danshuei River Estuary
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DIP (1 time)
DOP (1 time)
PIP (1 time)
2020 Dissolved and particulate phosphorus species partitioning and distribution in the Danshuei River Estuary, Northern Taiwan.
26  dementia risk evidence
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AGREEDementia (1 time)
2022 The Advisory Group on Risk Evidence Education for Dementia: Multidisciplinary and Open to All.
27  dense-rock equivalent
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
--- 2021 Growth and thermal maturation of the Toba magma reservoir.
28  diabetic retinal exam
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
2019 Factors associated with retinal screening among patients with diabetes in Taiwan.
29  dietary rosemary extract
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2014 Shelf life of meat from lambs given essential oil-free rosemary extract containing carnosic acid plus carnosol at 200 or 400 mg kg⁻.
30  differentiation response element
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
ATF2 (1 time)
DRF (1 time)
1998 p300 and ATF-2 are components of the DRF complex, which regulates retinoic acid- and E1A-mediated transcription of the c-jun gene in F9 cells.
31  diffuse retinal edema
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
SRF (2 times)
DME (1 time)
HRF (1 time)
2009 Interobserver agreement for the detection of optical coherence tomography features of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
32  diffuse retinal epitheliopathy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSC (2 times)
2003 [Helicobacter pylori in central serous chorioretinopathy and diffuse retinal epitheliopathy. Results of the first prospective pilot study].
33  diffusion-reaction equation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FDs (1 time)
FEs (1 time)
2010 Comparing finite elements and finite differences for developing diffusive models of glioma growth.
34  digital resolution enhancer
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DAC (2 times)
DPC (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
2020 Application analysis of clipping and digital resolution enhancer in high-speed direct-detection PAM4 transmission.
35  dimension-repetition effect
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PoP (1 time)
RTs (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2011 The multiple-weighting-systems hypothesis: theory and empirical support.
36  direct repeat element
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DRP-1 (1 time)
1993 Translational regulation of tra-2 by its 3' untranslated region controls sexual identity in C. elegans.
37  DNA replication element
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NURF (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
pnr (1 time)
2007 Identification of trf2 mutants of Drosophila with defects in anterior spiracle eversion.
38  dorsal root entry zone
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
TG (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1997 Cytokine production in the nervous system of mice during acute and latent infection with herpes simplex virus type 1.
39  double robust estimation
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DNBC (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2013 Cell phone exposures and hearing loss in children in the Danish National Birth Cohort.
40  Drynaria rhizome extracts
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2017 Combined treatment with alendronate and Drynaria rhizome extracts : Effect on fracture healing in osteoporotic rats.
41  duration of regional electrograms
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DP (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1999 Disproportional response between refractory period and blood flow to alpha 1- and beta-adrenoceptor blockade in canine ischemic myocardium.
42  dynamic rectal examination
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Dynamic rectal examination (defecography).
43  dynamic respiratory endoscopy
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DUAO (1 time)
LP (1 time)
LRQ (1 time)
2010 Association of owner-reported noise with findings during dynamic respiratory endoscopy in Thoroughbred racehorses.
44  Dynamically Re-sizeable Electrodes
(2 times)
Electronics, Medical
(1 time)
FEM (1 time)
SSVT (1 time)
2019 Modelling Dynamically Re-Sizeable Electrodes (DRE) for Targeted Transcutaneous Measurements in Impedance Plethysmography.
45  D. rotundifolia extract
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 In vitro H+/K+-ATPase Inhibition, Antiradical Effects of a Flavonoid-rich Fraction of Dissotis rotundifolia, and In silico PASS Prediction of its Isolated Compounds.
46  Dafengjiang River Estuary
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
DRP (1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2019 The microbiomic and environmental analysis of sediments in the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) habitat in the Northern Beibu Gulf, China.
47  daily resting energy
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DAE (1 time)
DFE (1 time)
FMRs (1 time)
2004 Intersexual differences in energy expenditure of Anolis carolinensis lizards during breeding and postbreeding seasons.
48  daily risk exposure
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
OCPs (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
2020 Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorines pesticides in indoor dust: An exploration of sources and health exposure risk in a rural area (Kopawa) of Nepal.
49  damage repair
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BER (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2016 Impact of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of Base Excision Repair Genes on DNA Damage and Efficiency of DNA Repair in Recurrent Depression Disorder.
50  Daptomycin resistance among S. aureus and enterococci
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
GNB (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2019 The Microbiology of Bloodstream Infection: 20-Year Trends from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program.
51  daptomycin-resistant Enterococcus
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
LT (1 time)
VRE (1 time)
2022 Daptomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Bacteremia Is Associated With Prior Daptomycin Use and Increased Mortality After Liver Transplantation.
52  data reduction equation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2009 A modular approach to linear uncertainty analysis.
53  Decoction for resuscitation
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
6-keto-PGF1 alpha (1 time)
AE (1 time)
AGE (1 time)
2005 [Effects of the extracts from decoction for resuscitation and its component herbs on PGI2, TXA2 and NO release from rat vascular endothelial cells under hypoxia in vitro].
54  decongestive progressive resistance exercise
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCRL (1 time)
2022 Decongestive progressive resistance exercise with an adjustable compression wrap for breast cancer-related lymphoedema (DREAM): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
55  deep recursive embedding
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DEN (1 time)
DNN (1 time)
KL (1 time)
2021 Deep Recursive Embedding for High-Dimensional Data.
56  Deep Reinforcement Exercise
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
IoT (1 time)
2022 Data analysis and personalized recommendation of western music history information using deep learning under Internet of Things.
57  degradation rate efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EY (1 time)
2018 Abatement of SF6 in the presence of NH3 by dielectric barrier discharge plasma.
58  degree of radiological extent
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CDCs (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 The relationship between chitotriosidase activity and tuberculosis.
59  dehydrated/rehydrated/electroporated
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2010 Transgene transmission in South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen) larvae by sperm-mediated gene transfer.
60  delayed reepithelialization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IVCM (1 time)
2021 Delayed Re-epithelialization After Epithelium-Off Crosslinking: Predictors and Impact on Keratoconus Progression.
61  delayed rim enhancement
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2008 Two different types of ring-like enhancement on dynamic MR imaging in breast cancer: correlation with the histopathologic findings.
62  Delonix regia flower Extract
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HeLa (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2020 Antioxidant Effects and in vitro Cytotoxicity on Human Cancer Cell Lines of Flavonoid-Rich Flamboyant (Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf.) Flower Extract.
63  depth-resolved estimation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
OAC (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
ODRE (1 time)
2019 Optimized depth-resolved estimation to measure optical attenuation coefficients from optical coherence tomography and its application in cerebral damage determination.
64  Desaturase Regulatory Element
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
STRE (1 time)
2000 CAMP is involved in transcriptional regulation of delta9-desaturase during Histoplasma capsulatum morphogenesis.
65  destruction efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HMs (1 time)
MSWI (1 time)
Sec-FA (1 time)
2020 Characterization of PCDD/Fs and heavy metal distribution from municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash sintering process.
66  destruxin E
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CMA (1 time)
PrG (1 time)
V-ATPase (1 time)
1997 Characterization of a series of vacuolar type H(+)-ATPase inhibitors on CTL-mediated cytotoxicity.
67  detachment-responsive element
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Cip1 (1 time)
HIC-5 (1 time)
KLF4 (1 time)
2012 A HIC-5- and KLF4-dependent mechanism transactivates p21(Cip1) in response to anchorage loss.
68  diabetic retinal examinations
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HMO (1 time)
1999 Effect of multiple patient reminders in improving diabetic retinopathy screening. A randomized trial.
69  diabetic retrograde ejaculation
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
1990 [The function of the closure apparatus of the bladder in retrograde ejaculation in diabetics].
70  Diagnostic Radiologic Examination
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Utilization of diagnostic radiologic examinations in the emergency department of a teaching hospital.
71  dichloromethanic root
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ELE (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition and antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antiviral activities of Gallesia gorazema (Phytolaccaceae), a potential candidate for novel anti-herpetic phytomedicines.
72  didehydroretinyl esters
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
MRDR (1 time)
2006 The modified-relative-dose-response values in serum and milk are positively correlated over time in lactating sows with adequate vitamin A status.
73  different removal efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BIX (1 time)
DCAcAm (1 time)
DCAN (1 time)
2019 Different removal efficiency of disinfection-byproduct precursors between dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN) and dichloroacetamide (DCAcAm) by up-flow biological activated carbon (UBAC) process.
74  differential RNA editing
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CYFIP2 (1 time)
Nlgn2 (1 time)
SNHG11 (1 time)
2022 Repeated Winning and Losing Experiences in Chronic Social Conflicts Are Linked to RNA Editing Pattern Difference.
75  differential rotation effect
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Spatial layout, orientation relative to the observer, and perceived projection in pictures viewed at an angle.
76  digital rectal examination findings
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2017 A retrospective comparison between transrectal and transperineal prostate biopsy in the detection of prostate cancer.
77  digital rectal examination of the gland
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PSA (1 time)
TRUS (1 time)
2000 [Early detection of prostate carcinoma. What diagnosis is of value when?].
78  Digital rectal examination results
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
18F-FECh (1 time)
GS (1 time)
mAUC, sdAUC (1 time)
2022 18F-Fluoroethylcholine PET/CT Radiomic Analysis for Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer Patients: A Monocentric Study.
79  digital rectal examination, a serum PSA determination
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
PSAD (1 time)
2009 Age specific reference levels of serum prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume and prostate specific antigen density in healthy Iranian men.
80  diglycidyl resorcinol ether
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
--- 2020 An Eco-Effective Soybean Meal-Based Adhesive Enhanced with Diglycidyl Resorcinol Ether.
81  Dipolar Relaxation Enhancement
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
QRE (1 time)
2020 1H spin-lattice NMR relaxation in the presence of residual dipolar interactions - Dipolar relaxation enhancement.
82  direct repeats
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ATF (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
1995 The human I alpha 1 region contains a TGF-beta 1 responsive enhancer and a putative recombination hotspot.
83  directed right ear
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DDdT (1 time)
DLE (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2016 The Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT): Development, Normative Data, and Test-Retest Reliability Studies Part 1.
84  directly repeated sequence
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CRE (1 time)
SIE (1 time)
SRE (1 time)
1997 Chromatin structure analysis of the human c-fos promoter reveals a centrally positioned nucleosome.
85  disaster reduction education
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Disaster Risk Education of Final Year High School Students Requires a Partnership with Families and Charity Organizations: An International Cross-sectional Survey.
86  Disaster Resilience Education
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 The Japanese Educational System as an International Model for Urban Resilience.
87  Disaster Resilience Enhancement
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
NBS (1 time)
2017 Natural Assurance Scheme: A level playing field framework for Green-Grey infrastructure development.
88  disaster risk education
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
DRR (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2017 Challenging Assumptions: What Do We Need to Address in Our Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts?
89  discharge rate emitters
(1 time)
CO 2 (1 time)
DI (1 time)
lph (1 time)
2019 Mitigation of methane gas emission in rice by drip irrigation.
90  disease-related malnutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2020 [Assessment and nutritional treatment in the oncogeriatric patient. Differential aspects].
91  Dissotis rotundifolia extract
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
H. pylori (1 time)
TTC (1 time)
2018 Isolation of Helicobacter pylori from Gastric Biopsy of Dyspeptic Patients in Ghana and In Vitro Preliminary Assessment of the Effect of Dissotis rotundifolia Extract on Its Growth.
92  distractor-ratio effect
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Age differences in the distractor-ratio effect as a function of contrast level.
93  Distribution Relative Error
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BRS (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2022 Optimized Reconstruction Procedure of Photoacoustic Imaging for Reflection Artifacts Reduction.
94  Distylium racemosum
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2019 Inhibition of lipid accumulation by the ethyl acetate fraction of Distylium racemosum in vitro and in vivo.
95  diuretic extract from roots of Dandelion
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PMA (1 time)
tAL (1 time)
2020 Role of PKC in the Regulation of the Human Kidney Chloride Channel ClC-Ka.
96  DNA repair efficacy
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BER (1 time)
2016 Associations between DNA Damage, DNA Base Excision Repair Gene Variability and Alzheimer's Disease Risk.
97  Doce river estuary
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Effects of seasonal contaminant remobilization on the community trophic dynamics in a Brazilian tropical estuary.
98  doctoral research experiences
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DMP (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2014 Research experiences and mentoring practices in selected east Asian graduate programs: predictors of research productivity among doctoral students in molecular biology.
99  dorsal root entry
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Electrophysiological mapping of sympathetic nuclei in the L2 and L3 segments of the spinal cord.
100  dose rate effect
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1987 Effect of decreasing the dose rate of irradiation on the mouse lip mucosa. Comparison with fractionated irradiations.