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Abbreviation: DRL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
differential reinforcement of low rate
(231 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(101 times)
FR (24 times)
IRT (20 times)
FI (15 times)
1962 Electroencephalographic correlates of temporally spaced responding and avoidance behavior.
deep reinforcement learning
(173 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(48 times)
DDPG (13 times)
DQN (12 times)
RL (10 times)
2017 Deep reinforcement learning for automated radiation adaptation in lung cancer.
diagnostic reference level
(124 times)
Radiology
(48 times)
DLP (26 times)
CT (23 times)
DAP (12 times)
2002 Use of TLD in evaluating diagnostic reference levels for some radiological examinations.
dorsoradial ligament
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
AOL (7 times)
CMC (6 times)
POL (6 times)
2003 Arthroscopic visualization of the thumb carpometacarpal joint: introduction and evaluation of a new radial portal.
deep retinal layer
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
SRL (12 times)
OCTA (9 times)
VDI (6 times)
2016 Repeatability of automated vessel density measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography.
dim red light
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BWL (9 times)
AYAs (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1998 Dim-red-light-induced increase in polar auxin transport in cucumber seedlings. I. Development Of altered capacity, velocity, and response to inhibitors
driven-right-leg
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
AFE (3 times)
CMRR (3 times)
CCN (2 times)
2012 Can driven-right-leg circuits increase interference in ECG amplifiers?
dose reference level
(7 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DLP (3 times)
CT (2 times)
MDCT (2 times)
2010 Paediatric CT reference doses based on weight and CT dosimetry phantom size: local experience using a 64-slice CT scanner.
drug-related lupus
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
Hgb (1 time)
LCEC (1 time)
1988 Drug-related lupus. Clinical and etiologic considerations.
10  daytime running lights
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
--- 1995 Daytime running lights as a vehicle collision countermeasure: the Swedish evidence reconsidered.
11  daytime running lamps
(3 times)
Research
(1 time)
VRT (2 times)
2010 Influence of daytime running lamps on visual reaction time of pedestrians when detecting turn indicators.
12  deep RL
(3 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
RL (2 times)
IL (1 time)
IPPDO (1 time)
2019 Task-Oriented Deep Reinforcement Learning for Robotic Skill Acquisition and Control.
13  delayed-reinforcement of low-rate
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
OX2 (1 time)
1978 General adaptation syndrome and magnetostatic field: effects on sleep and delayed reinforcement of low rate.
14  dorsal raphe nucleus
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
LQ (3 times)
EB (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1994 Two types of lordosis-inhibiting systems in male rats: dorsal raphe nucleus lesions and septal cuts.
15  dorsal root lesion
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CST (2 times)
DCL (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2009 Changes in synaptic populations in the spinal dorsal horn following a dorsal rhizotomy in the monkey.
16  drinking risk level
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
HDD (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2015 Alcohol Dependence, Co-occurring Conditions and Attributable Burden.
17  Driven Right Leg Circuit
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BCI (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CMRR (1 time)
2001 A single supply biopotential amplifier.
18  droloxifen
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
Tet (3 times)
FCM (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
2004 [Reversal effect of tetrandrine in combination with droloxifene on cell line K562/A02 and its correlation with inducted apoptosis].
19  dependence-related lesions
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
PUs (1 time)
2016 [Incidence of dependence-related lesions in a population of critical patients].
20  derived response level
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CNNs (1 time)
ECAM (1 time)
PAG (1 time)
2020 Artificial neural network based isotopic analysis of airborne radioactivity measurement for radiological incident detection.
21  deterministic record linkage
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
PRL (2 times)
NCR's (1 time)
2010 Results from simulated data sets: probabilistic record linkage outperforms deterministic record linkage.
22  di-rhamnolipid
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GuHCl (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
1995 Mucus glycoconjugate complexes released from feline trachea by a bacterial toxin.
23  Dioclea rostrata
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CRD (2 times)
DVL (2 times)
DSL (1 time)
2013 Crystal structure of Dioclea violacea lectin and a comparative study of vasorelaxant properties with Dioclea rostrata lectin.
24  distributed resistance layer
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CsI (1 time)
HARP (1 time)
SHARP-AMFPI (1 time)
2010 A solid-state amorphous selenium avalanche technology for low photon flux imaging applications.
25  Distributional Reinforcement Learning
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DTDM (1 time)
GAN (1 time)
IDS (1 time)
2020 Motor adaptation via distributional learning.
26  driven-right-leg circuits
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
EMI (1 time)
1999 A transconductance driven-right-leg circuit.
27  DXR-like
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
MEP (2 times)
DXP (1 time)
DXR (1 time)
2010 A new family of enzymes catalyzing the first committed step of the methylerythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis in bacteria.
28  D. erecta leaves
(1 time)
Biochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
QE (1 time)
2019 Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, and Antioxidant Profiles of Duranta erecta L. Parts.
29  dark-reared and light-exposed
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
NR (1 time)
1992 Effect of dark rearing on the volume of visual cortex (areas 17 and 18) and number of visual cortical cells in young kittens.
30  decoupling representation learning
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
RSVP (1 time)
2022 Decoupling representation learning for imbalanced electroencephalography classification in rapid serial visual presentation task.
31  deep reinforcement learning algorithm
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DQL (1 time)
EH (1 time)
MADDPG (1 time)
2022 Power Allocation and Energy Cooperation for UAV-Enabled MmWave Networks: A Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach.
32  Deep root length
(1 time)
Genome, Plant
(1 time)
GE (1 time)
GE MET (1 time)
MET (1 time)
2022 Relative importance of genotype, gene expression, and DNA methylation on complex traits in perennial ryegrass.
33  delayed responding task
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Response perseveration and delayed responding in childhood behavior disorders.
34  delayed response
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
1979 Effects of maternal absorption of phenobarbital upon rat offspring development and function.
35  Delonix regia
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DTT (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
2002 Biochemical characterization of a lectin from Delonix regia seeds.
36  deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase-like
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DXR (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2012 Crystal structure of Brucella abortus deoxyxylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase-like (DRL) enzyme involved in isoprenoid biosynthesis.
37  Department of Resident Live
(1 time)
--- 2014 Comparison of Student Self-Reported and Administrative Data Regarding Intercession into Alcohol Misuse among College Freshmen Dormitory Residents.
38  depressed-rat-line
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
PLC (1 time)
2019 Increased relapse to cocaine-seeking in a genetic model for depression.
39  Depressive Rat Line
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
SCES (1 time)
2015 Prelimbic Stimulation Ameliorates Depressive-Like Behaviors and Increases Regional BDNF Expression in a Novel Drug-Resistant Animal Model of Depression.
40  described lectins of Dioclea rostrata
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DGL (1 time)
DwL (1 time)
2011 Crystal structure of a pro-inflammatory lectin from the seeds of Dioclea wilsonii Standl.
41  deterministic RL
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
PRL (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2017 Combining Different Privacy-Preserving Record Linkage Methods for Hospital Admission Data.
42  diabetes risk level
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CART (1 time)
WC (1 time)
WHR (1 time)
2009 A quick self-assessment tool to identify individuals at high risk of type 2 diabetes in the Chinese general population.
43  differential low rates of responding
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Failure to acquire an inhibitory task following seizure-induced brain damage.
44  differential reinforcement
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
delta 1-THC (1 time)
1989 Behaviour in rats maintained by low differential reinforcement rate: effects of delta 1-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabinol and cannabidiol, alone and in combination.
45  Differential reinforcement of latency
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1970 Differential reinforcement of latency (DRL) in phenylketonuric monkeys.
46  differential reinforcement of low rates schedule of reinforcement
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
2003 Behavioral pharmacology of AR-A000002, a novel, selective 5-hydroxytryptamine(1B) antagonist.
47  Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates task
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IRTs (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2006 Response inhibition during Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates (DRL) schedules may be sensitive to low-level polychlorinated biphenyl, methylmercury, and lead exposure in children.
48  differential reward of low rate
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
5-CSRTT (1 time)
A2AR (1 time)
dHip (1 time)
2017 Adenosine A2A receptor and ERK-driven impulsivity potentiates hippocampal neuroblast proliferation.
49  differentially regulated link
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
cGRNs (1 time)
DCEA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2017 Differential regulation analysis reveals dysfunctional regulatory mechanism involving transcription factors and microRNAs in gastric carcinogenesis.
50  differentially reinforced responding at low rates
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AMT (1 time)
IRT (1 time)
TBZ (1 time)
1979 Methylphenidate and d-amphetamine: effects and interactions with alphamethyltyrosine and tetrabenazine on DRL performance in rats.
51  diffuse renal lesions
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
PCPN (1 time)
1991 [Real errors in the diagnosis of well-known diffuse kidney lesions and their causes (critical comments. The author's own observations)].
52  diffusive random laser
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EBS (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
IFE (1 time)
2022 Anisotropic behavior of random lasing in a highly concentrated dye solution.
53  digestion rate limitation model
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GLT (1 time)
MVT (1 time)
1993 Wolf spider feeding strategies: optimality of prey consumption in Pardosa hortensis.
54  dim red light therapy
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
BWL (1 time)
2020 Clinical Usefulness of Bright White Light Therapy for Depressive Symptoms in Cancer Survivors: Results from a Series of Personalized (N-of-1) Trials.
55  dimension reduction approach of landscape
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2021 A Dimension Reduction Approach for Energy Landscape: Identifying Intermediate States in Metabolism-EMT Network.
56  Dioclea rostrata lectin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Differential vasodilator effect of Dioclea rostrata lectin in conductance and resistance arteries: Mechanisms and glycoconjugate binding relationships.
57  Dioclea rostrata seeds
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Crystal structure of Dioclea rostrata lectin: insights into understanding the pH-dependent dimer-tetramer equilibrium and the structural basis for carbohydrate recognition in Diocleinae lectins.
58  direct repeat left
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LTR (1 time)
UL (1 time)
1994 A transforming fragment within the direct repeat region of human herpesvirus type 6 that transactivates HIV-1.
59  Direct rigid laryngoscopy
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 The influence of direct rigid laryngoscopy on the nosocomial colonization and bacteremia.
60  disaster-related resource loss
(1 time)
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
(1 time)
R/S (1 time)
2019 Conserving resources during chronic disaster: Impacts of religious and meaning-focused coping on Botswana drought survivors.
61  disease resistance loci
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1998 Genomic approaches to the improvement of disease resistance in farm animals.
62  dissolution rate limited
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
SL (1 time)
SL-E (1 time)
2010 Prediction of food effect by bile micelles on oral drug absorption considering free fraction in intestinal fluid.
63  distal residual limbs
(1 time)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
tQST (1 time)
2010 Hypoesthesia in the distal residual limb of amputees.
64  distal round ligament
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
HIPEC (1 time)
2021 Hepatic bridge and round ligament of the liver during cytoreductive surgery: a retrospective cohort.
65  distilled rosemary leaves
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
2010 Dietary administration of ewe diets with a distillate from rosemary leaves (Rosmarinus officinalis L.): influence on lamb meat quality.
66  distinct 'depressed' rat line
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2014 Inherited behaviors, BDNF expression and response to treatment in a novel multifactorial rat model for depression.
67  distraction regenerate length
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CSBD (1 time)
2022 Efficacy comparison of trifocal bone transport using unilateral external fixator for femoral and tibial bone defects caused by infection.
68  distributed radio listening
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
IEEE (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
TSCH (1 time)
2020 Fast Synchronization Scheme Using 2-Way Parallel Rendezvous in IEEE 802.15.4 TSCH.
69  DNA reference library
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 A comparison of morphological and molecular-based surveys to estimate the species richness of Chaetoceros and Thalassiosira (bacillariophyta), in the Bay of Fundy.
70  Donley, Rajasekaran, and Liu
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
RO-RPA (1 time)
2014 Liquid-state polaron theory of the hydrated electron revisited.
71  dorsal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Acceleration of irregular estrous cycle in forced running by midbrain raphe lesions in female rats.
72  dorsal radial
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOL (1 time)
CMC I (1 time)
IML (1 time)
2014 Osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb: a new MR imaging technique for the standardized detection of relevant ligamental lesions.
73  dorsal raphe nucleus lesions
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LQ (1 time)
1996 Inhibitory effect of baclofen on lordosis in female and male rats with dorsal raphe nucleus lesion or septal cut.
74  dorsal raphe nucleus was destroyed
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
LQ (1 time)
1992 Lordosis in male rats: the facilitatory effect of mesencephalic dorsal raphe nucleus lesion.
75  dorsal rhizotomy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
2007 Adult neurogenesis in primate and rodent spinal cord: comparing a cervical dorsal rhizotomy with a dorsal column transection.
76  dorsoradial
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AOL (1 time)
TMC (1 time)
2014 Comparison of the anatomical dimensions and mechanical properties of the dorsoradial and anterior oblique ligaments of the trapeziometacarpal joint.
77  Dose Reference Levels
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TL (1 time)
TLD (1 time)
2017 Tailor-made Ge-doped silica-glass for clinical diagnostic X-ray dosimetry.
78  Dose reference limits
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2020 Radiation doses during cardiac catheterisation procedures in India: a multicentre study: Radiation dose study.
79  double right L
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
DLL (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
2015 Biomechanical Evaluation of Different Fixation Methods for Mandibular Anterior Segmental Osteotomy Using Finite Element Analysis, Part Two: Superior Repositioning Surgery With Bone Allograft.
80  Double Tear Reservoir Lens
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
--- 2022 The Effect of Lens Design on Corneal Power Distribution in Orthokeratology.
81  double-layered running locking
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
SMAS (1 time)
2008 Avoiding early revision rhytidectomy: a biomechanical comparison of tissue plication suture techniques.
82  DR ligand
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BLBC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2021 Anti-EGFR VHH-armed death receptor ligand-engineered allogeneic stem cells have therapeutic efficacy in diverse brain metastatic breast cancers.
83  DR-lesioned
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
1983 Dorsal raphe-hypothalamic projections provide the stimulatory serotonergic input to suckling-induced prolactin release.
84  Drosophila Ryk family member, DERAILED
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Homodimerization of the Wnt receptor DERAILED recruits the Src family kinase SRC64B.
85  duplication-random loss
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
OXPHOS (1 time)
2017 Polymorphic duplicate genes and persistent non-coding sequences reveal heterogeneous patterns of mitochondrial DNA loss in salamanders.
86  dynamic range of lightness perception
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
iCS (1 time)
2021 Efficient measurements for the dynamic range of human lightness perception.
87  dynamic release layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2017 Laser-assisted bioprinting at different wavelengths and pulse durations with a metal dynamic release layer: A parametric study.
88  Dynamic Routing Layer
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DRCNN (1 time)
2020 DRCNN: Dynamic Routing Convolutional Neural Network for Multi-View 3D Object Recognition.
89  dysregulation
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
ERL (1 time)
NRL (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2022 Effects of factors of self-regulation vs. factors of external regulation of learning in self-regulated study.
90  Dystrophic Red Latosol
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ERL (1 time)
2012 Growth and enzymatic responses of phytopathogenic fungi to glucose in culture media and soil.
91  simulation-deep reinforcement learning
(1 time)
SiRL (1 time)
2022 A simulation-deep reinforcement learning (SiRL) approach for epidemic control optimization.