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Abbreviation: DRS
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Long forms: 175

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
(584 times)
Chemistry
(137 times)
XRD (350 times)
SEM (190 times)
XPS (161 times)
1976 Evaluation of emulsion stability by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.
Disability Rating Scale
(169 times)
Rehabilitation
(62 times)
TBI (84 times)
GOS (41 times)
FIM (27 times)
1985 Glasgow Outcome Scale and Disability Rating Scale: comparative usefulness in following recovery in traumatic head injury.
Dementia Rating Scale
(147 times)
Neurology
(72 times)
MMSE (43 times)
AD (42 times)
PD (10 times)
1983 A comparison of clinical methods for assessing dementia.
Duane retraction syndrome
(99 times)
Ophthalmology
(63 times)
MRI (7 times)
PD (6 times)
LR (5 times)
1980 Bilateral Duane's retraction syndrome. A clinical-pathologic case report.
dielectric relaxation spectroscopy
(73 times)
Chemistry
(54 times)
DSC (15 times)
TSDC (8 times)
MD (4 times)
1995 Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy and some applications in the pharmaceutical sciences.
dose-response slope
(58 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(36 times)
BHR (10 times)
FEV1 (7 times)
AHR (6 times)
1991 Repeatability of histamine bronchial challenge and comparability with methacholine bronchial challenge in a population of Australian schoolchildren.
Delirium Rating Scale
(56 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
CAM (12 times)
MMSE (11 times)
MDAS (6 times)
1993 Delirium in the elderly: relationship of clinical symptoms to outcome.
disease risk score
(25 times)
Epidemiology
(11 times)
PS (10 times)
RRs (3 times)
TB (3 times)
2010 Confounder summary scores when comparing the effects of multiple drug exposures.
Decision Regret Scale
(18 times)
Urology
(4 times)
DCS (3 times)
QOL (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
2012 Information needs of men on androgen deprivation therapy.
10  disease-related survival
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
RFS (7 times)
DFS (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1996 Primary extranodal lymphomas of Waldeyer's ring, stage IE and IIE.
11  diabetes risk score
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
OGTT (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2005 Use of the diabetes risk score for opportunistic screening of undiagnosed diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance: the IGLOO (Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Long-Term Outcomes Observational) study.
12  Diabetic Retinopathy Study
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
ETDRS (3 times)
PDR (3 times)
PRP (2 times)
1978 Photocoagulation treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy: the second report of diabetic retinopathy study findings.
13  diuretic renal scintigraphy
(17 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
US (6 times)
MRU (5 times)
EU (3 times)
1984 [Use of dynamic scintigraphy, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonic scanning of the kidneys and determination of the enzyme activity and beta 2-microglobulin levels of the blood and urine of arterial hypertension patients].
14  dynamic risk stratification
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
DTC (11 times)
ATA (7 times)
DFS (3 times)
2011 Delayed risk stratification, to include the response to initial treatment (surgery and radioiodine ablation), has better outcome predictivity in differentiated thyroid cancer patients.
15  denture-related stomatitis
(15 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
FMD (2 times)
IMT (1 time)
NMD (1 time)
2007 Denture-related stomatitis: identification of aetiological and predisposing factors - a large cohort.
16  Depression Rating Scale
(15 times)
Geriatrics
(10 times)
MDS (3 times)
ABS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1976 Concentration of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic acid, and tryptophan in the cerebrospinal fluid of depressed patients before and after ECT.
17  diffuse reflectance
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
PL (10 times)
XRD (10 times)
EDX (4 times)
2011 Functionalized mesoporous silica supported copper(II) and nickel(II) catalysts for liquid phase oxidation of olefins.
18  distantly related to SIC
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
SIC (7 times)
PSGN (4 times)
CKD (3 times)
1999 Streptococcus pyogenes strains containing emm12 and emm55 possess a novel gene coding for distantly related SIC protein.
19  D-recruitment site
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
FRS (2 times)
JNKs (2 times)
Ets (1 time)
2007 Expanding the repertoire of an ERK2 recruitment site: cysteine footprinting identifies the D-recruitment site as a mediator of Ets-1 binding.
20  death registration system
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CVDs (2 times)
ASMR (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2014 Levels and trends of child and adult mortality rates in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1990-2013; protocol of the NASBOD study.
21  deconvolution reporting software
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
AMDIS (3 times)
RTL (3 times)
2-NP (1 time)
2006 Application of automated mass spectrometry deconvolution and identification software for pesticide analysis in surface waters.
22  diabetic retinopathy screening
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BCTs (2 times)
CI (2 times)
QI (2 times)
2009 EyePACS: an adaptable telemedicine system for diabetic retinopathy screening.
23  dorsal raphe stimulation
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Pf (3 times)
APs (1 time)
EPSCs (1 time)
1988 Dorsal raphe and external electrical stimulation modulate noxious input to single neurons in nucleus parafascicularis thalami.
24  drospirenone
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
Danio rerio (1 time)
2010 Epidemiological and clinical aspects of migraine in users of combined oral contraceptives.
25  Dyskinesia Rating Scale
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
UPDRS (2 times)
IGA (1 time)
1999 Unilateral pallidotomy in Parkinson's disease: a randomised, single-blind, multicentre trial.
26  differential reactive stroma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
TGF (2 times)
CTGF (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
2002 Stromal cells promote angiogenesis and growth of human prostate tumors in a differential reactive stroma (DRS) xenograft model.
27  direct RNA sequencing
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
APA (1 time)
halpha-globin (1 time)
2011 Transcriptome profiling using single-molecule direct RNA sequencing.
28  drug resistance surveillance
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
MDR-TB (2 times)
TB (2 times)
WHO (2 times)
1999 [Surveillance of primary resistance in 481 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis].
29  depolarized Rayleigh scattering
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Br-Bz (1 time)
CRK (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2007 Hydrogen bond dynamics and water structure in glucose-water solutions by depolarized Rayleigh scattering and low-frequency Raman spectroscopy.
30  disease-related symptoms
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
QOL (2 times)
TSE (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2000 [Informed consent, QOL and cost benefit in the treatment of lung cancer].
31  Dispositional Resilience Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PSS (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
LEAF-Q (1 time)
1992 Hardiness: a review of theory and research.
32  DNA replication stress
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BIR (1 time)
RRFB (1 time)
2016 Global analysis of genomic instability caused by DNA replication stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
33  downstream repression site
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CHR (1 time)
Rb (1 time)
1996 E2F binding is required but not sufficient for repression of B-myb transcription in quiescent fibroblasts.
34  Daliao River System
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EAsCo (1 time)
GBF (1 time)
GBL (1 time)
2012 Chemical forms and ecological risk of arsenic in the sediment of the Daliao River System in China.
35  developmental research sequence
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
1996 Using Spradley: an ethnosemantic approach to research.
36  diabetic rat serum
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
1988 Direct inhibition of collagen production in vitro by diabetic rat serum.
37  diffuse reflectance absorption spectra
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (3 times)
HRTEM (3 times)
PL (3 times)
2012 Preparation of a MWCNTs/ZnIn2S4 composite and its enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production under visible-light irradiation.
38  diffusive reflectance spectroscopy in the UV-vis region
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
acac (1 time)
AlMCM-41 (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2000 Synthesis, spectroscopy and catalysis of
39  disc-related sciatica
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
LDS (2 times)
LBP (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2006 Prevalence and risk factors of disk-related sciatica in an urban population in Tunisia.
40  Drug Resistance Survey
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MDR-TB (2 times)
TB (1 time)
2009 Prevalence and risk factors for drug resistance among hospitalized tuberculosis patients in Georgia.
41  dynamic random-dot stereograms
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
--- 2001 Organisation of signals involved in binocular perception and vergence control.
42  UV-VIS-Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
EDX (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
2014 Structural, optical and morphological analyses of pristine titanium di-oxide nanoparticles--synthesized via sol-gel route.
43  daurisoline
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BBM (2 times)
BBR (2 times)
BCEC (2 times)
2002 Interaction of multidrug resistance reversal agents with P-glycoprotein ATPase activity on blood-brain barrier.
44  density resting surface
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Comparative Studies on the Stenogamous and Eurygamous Behavior of Eight Anopheles Species of the Hyrcanus Group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand.
45  derivative of ratio spectra
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
HCT (1 time)
PCC (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2006 PLS and first derivative of ratio spectra methods for determination of hydrochlorothiazide and propranolol hydrochloride in tablets.
46  Dermal Response Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MCA (1 time)
MPH (1 time)
MTS (1 time)
2010 Methylphenidate transdermal system: a multisite, open-label study of dermal reactions in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD.
47  derotation screw
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DHS (1 time)
SHS (1 time)
1997 Biomechanical comparison of internal fixation techniques for the treatment of unstable basicervical femoral neck fractures.
48  Diagnostic Rating Scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ADHD (2 times)
DSM (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
1999 Mother and teacher reports of ADHD symptoms: DSM-IV Questionnaire data.
49  dialysis-related spondyloarthropathy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
beta 2m (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
2004 Histological analysis of the ligamentum flavum of patients with dialysis-related spondyloarthropathy.
50  Differentiation-Relatedness Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ARS (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
FEST-IT (1 time)
2012 Treatment of adolescents with depression: the effect of transference interventions in a randomized controlled study of dynamic psychotherapy.
51  difficulty resuming sleep
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NA (1 time)
2009 Difficulty in resuming or inability to resume sleep and the links to daytime impairment: definition, prevalence and comorbidity.
52  digital radiographic system
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
FCS (1 time)
VCUG (1 time)
VUR (1 time)
2009 Digital radiographic measurement of the main bronchi: a pilot study.
53  direct recoiling spectroscopy
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LEED (1 time)
STM (1 time)
TOF (1 time)
2006 Room-temperature kinetics of short-chain alkanethiol film growth on Ag(111) from the vapor phase.
54  direct recording scales
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1999 Growth monitoring: family participation: effective community development.
55  direct risk selection
(2 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
csf (1 time)
2015 The interaction of direct and indirect risk selection.
56  diseases of the respiratory system
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ARVI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2010 Self-reported morbidity and its conditionings in children 5 to 9 years old in Sobral, CE, Brazil.
57  disinfectant-reduced susceptible
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
BZT (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2010 Correlation between reduced susceptibility to disinfectants and multidrug resistance among clinical isolates of Acinetobacter species.
58  distant-relapse-free survival
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
DFS (2 times)
UICC (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
2006 Anemia and long-term outcome in adjuvant and neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy of stage II and III rectal adenocarcinoma: the Freiburg experience (1989-2002).
59  disulfide relay system
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
IMS (2 times)
COX (1 time)
HIF (1 time)
2009 The mitochondrial disulfide relay system protein GFER is mutated in autosomal-recessive myopathy with cataract and combined respiratory-chain deficiency.
60  DNA repair synthesis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GGR (1 time)
NER (1 time)
1999 Focal sites of DNA repair synthesis in human chromosomes.
61  Doctor Speech
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
HNR (2 times)
CSL (1 time)
2005 A comparative study of acoustic voice measurements by means of Dr. Speech and Computerized Speech Lab.
62  dose-response slope to methacholine
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
IgE (2 times)
FVC (1 time)
2000 Independent inheritance of serum immunoglobulin E concentrations and airway responsiveness.
63  DR screening
(2 times)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
DM (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
2018 Systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy of detection of any level of diabetic retinopathy using digital retinal imaging.
64  Drooling Rating Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
POSAS (1 time)
2010 Comparison of the efficacy and impact on cognition of glycopyrrolate and biperiden for clozapine-induced sialorrhea in schizophrenic patients: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study.
65  Drug Resistance Strategies
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2003 Participatory Action Research: creating an effective prevention curriculum for adolescents in the Southwestern US.
66  Drug Risk Scale
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
--- 1989 Prediction of risk for drug use in high school students.
67  dynamic reflection spectra
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HMSs (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2015 Photonic sensing of organic solvents through geometric study of dynamic reflection spectrum.
68  Dynamic Respiratory Scope
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DDSP (1 time)
DO-URT (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
2009 Dynamic respiratory endoscopy without treadmill in 68 performance Standardbred, Thoroughbred and saddle horses under natural training conditions.
69  autosomal-dominant Robinow syndrome
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
NMD (1 time)
2015 DVL1 frameshift mutations clustering in the penultimate exon cause autosomal-dominant Robinow syndrome.
70  D-NAD subjects initially had more problems with executive functions
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
DLB (1 time)
2005 Differential cognitive impairment in subjects with geriatric depression who will develop Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: a retrospective study.
71  D-site recruitment site
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Structure-Guided Strategy for the Development of Potent Bivalent ERK Inhibitors.
72  DAD Risk Score
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
FRS (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2017 Lipid-lowering effect and changes in estimated cardiovascular risk after switching to a tenofovir-containing regimen for the treatment of HIV-infected patients.
73  Danish Respiratory Society
(1 time)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2018 Danish respiratory society position paper: palliative care in patients with chronic progressive non-malignant lung diseases.
74  decayed root surfaces
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DFRS (1 time)
1992 Root caries prevalence in black and white North Carolina adults over age 65.
75  deceleration rollover sled
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
DRoTS (1 time)
SOI (1 time)
2017 Repeatability study of replicate crash tests: A signal analysis approach.
76  deconvolution software
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
OAA (1 time)
2009 The use of Deconvolution Reporting Software and backflush improves the speed and accuracy of data processing for urinary organic acid analysis.
77  decreasing returns to scale
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
DEA (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2006 Economies of scale in blood banking: a study based on data envelopment analysis.
78  deep Raman spectroscopy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2016 Characterisation of signal enhancements achieved when utilizing a photon diode in deep Raman spectroscopy of tissue.
79  defatted rapeseed
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2017 The Response of Macro- and Micronutrient Nutrient Status and Biochemical Processes in Rats Fed on a Diet with Selenium-Enriched Defatted Rapeseed and/or Vitamin E Supplementation.
80  defined as isolates with 'disinfectant reduced susceptibility
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
BZK (1 time)
BZT (1 time)
2008 Reduction of disinfectant bactericidal activities in clinically isolated Acinetobacter species in the presence of organic material.
81  Delusions Rating Scale
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
PSYRATS (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2014 Metacognitive group training for schizophrenia spectrum patients with delusions: a randomized controlled trial.
82  Dementia Rating Scale Score
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
GAF (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2009 Reduction of suboptimal prescribing and clinical outcome for dementia patients in a senior behavioral health inpatient unit.
83  Dementia Risk Score
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
VRSTT (1 time)
2018 Allocentric and Egocentric Spatial Processing in Middle-Aged Adults at High Risk of Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease: The PREVENT Dementia Study.
84  dentin/root sensitivity
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2016 Control of dentin/root sensitivity during non-surgical and surgical periodontal treatment.
85  dentition risk system
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DEP-PA (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
RABIT (1 time)
2016 Predicting periodontitis progression?
86  deposit refund system
(1 time)
Environmental Pollution
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
ULABs (1 time)
2015 Managing Used Lead Acid Batteries in India: Evaluation of EPR-DRS Approaches.
87  Deposit-refund schemes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effectiveness of deposit-refund systems for household waste in the Netherlands: Applying a partial equilibrium model.
88  depression
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
2015 Missing Oral Health-Related Data in the interRAI-HC - Associations with Selected Variables of General Health and the Effect of Multiple Imputation on the Relationship between Oral and General Health.
89  Depression recognition scale
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SCL-90 (1 time)
1996 [The Depression Recognition Scale: and aid in the diagnosis of depression in family practice].
90  dermatomed rat skin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PK-PD (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2006 Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics analysis of transdermal iontophoresis of 5-OH-DPAT in rats: in vitro-in vivo correlation.
91  descending rectosigmoid colon and stool
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
STC (1 time)
2012 Regional colon transit in patients with dys-synergic defaecation or slow transit in patients with constipation.
92  detergent removal spin column method
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CMW (1 time)
FASP (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2012 Coupling a detergent lysis/cleanup methodology with intact protein fractionation for enhanced proteome characterization.
93  detergent sensitive membrane
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DRM (1 time)
NHE-8 (1 time)
TNBS (1 time)
2011 Expression of Na-H exchanger-8 isoform is suppressed in experimental colitis in adult rat: lack of reversibility by dexamethasone.
94  Deterioration Risk Score
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2014 Risk score algorithm for treatment of persistent apical periodontitis.
95  developmental/rehabilitation services
(1 time)
Brain Injuries
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
2019 A whole new world: a qualitative investigation of parents' experiences in transitioning their preterm child with cerebral palsy to developmental/rehabilitation services.
96  deviation response surface
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DIC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EquRay (1 time)
2011 A novel direct equipartition ray design (EquRay) procedure for toxicity interaction between ionic liquid and dichlorvos.
97  diabetes remission score
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
IISG (1 time)
2014 Prediction of remission after metabolic surgery using a novel scoring system in type 2 diabetes - a retrospective cohort study.
98  Diagnostic Referral Service
(1 time)
Hospitals
(1 time)
CHP (1 time)
2010 Consultative pediatrics in the new millenium.
99  Diagnostic reminder systems
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2011 The impact of a diagnostic reminder system on student clinical reasoning during simulated case studies.
100  Dielectric Spectroscopy
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TAM (1 time)
tau (1 time)
TSDC (1 time)
2008 Different measures of molecular mobility: comparison between calorimetric and thermally stimulated current relaxation times below Tg and correlation with dielectric relaxation times above Tg.