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Abbreviation: DRs
Appearance Frequency: 458 time(s)
Long forms: 114

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
death receptors
(98 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
TRAIL (31 times)
TNF (14 times)
ROS (9 times)
2000 Antileukemic drugs increase death receptor 5 levels and enhance Apo-2L-induced apoptosis of human acute leukemia cells.
direct repeats
(53 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
IRs (7 times)
ORFs (6 times)
ORF (4 times)
1987 The 20 bp, directly repeated DNA sequence of broad host range plasmid R1162 exerts incompatibility in vivo and inhibits R1162 DNA replication in vitro.
detection rates
(32 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
FPRs (15 times)
PE (8 times)
MoM (7 times)
1999 The proform of eosinophil major basic protein: a new maternal serum marker for Down syndrome.
dopamine receptors
(25 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
TH (5 times)
DA (3 times)
IR (2 times)
1999 Dopamine D4 receptor antagonist reversal of subchronic phencyclidine-induced object retrieval/detour deficits in monkeys.
dead regions
(22 times)
Audiology
(16 times)
TEN (6 times)
SSNHL (3 times)
fe (2 times)
2005 Dead regions and pitch perception.
dietary records
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
FFQ (10 times)
DHQ (5 times)
BDHQ (3 times)
1999 Dietary intake and sources of isoflavones among Japanese.
ductular reactions
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
DP (3 times)
LPCs (3 times)
HCC (2 times)
2007 Identification of hepatocytic and bile ductular cell lineages and candidate stem cells in bipolar ductular reactions in cirrhotic human liver.
dorsal roots
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
INs (2 times)
MNs (2 times)
VRs (2 times)
1985 Proliferation of primary sensory neurons in adult rat dorsal root ganglion and the kinetics of retrograde cell loss after sciatic nerve section.
diet records
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
FFQ (6 times)
ABI (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2001 Agreement between a brief food frequency questionnaire and diet records using two statistical methods.
10  diagnostic ratios
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
PAHs (2 times)
GC-MS (1 time)
ILCR (1 time)
2005 Chromatographic preprocessing of GC-MS data for analysis of complex chemical mixtures.
11  dietary recalls
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
FFQ (7 times)
EPIC (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2010 Reproducibility and relative validity of food group intake in a food frequency questionnaire developed for the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.
12  dynamic ranges
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
C levels (2 times)
ASM (1 time)
ASV (1 time)
1995 Map dynamic ranges versus duration of hearing loss in cochlear implantees.
13  direct repeat sequences
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ORF (2 times)
ACME (1 time)
ACMEs (1 time)
1987 Nucleotide sequence analysis of Tn4551: use of ermFS operon fusions to detect promoter activity in Bacteroides fragilis.
14  Dopamine receptors
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CMML (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2004 Dynamin-2 associates with the dopamine receptor signalplex and regulates internalization of activated D2 receptors.
15  DA receptors
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DA (4 times)
AC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2011 Expression and function of dopamine receptors in the developing medial frontal cortex and striatum of the rat.
16  deceleration runs
(5 times)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
(1 time)
DC (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2012 Heart rate deceleration runs for postinfarction risk prediction.
17  diabetic rats
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
STZ (3 times)
DKD (2 times)
HRs (2 times)
2012 Diabetes abolishes the cardioprotection induced by sevoflurane postconditioning in the rat heart in vivo: roles of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta and its upstream pathways.
18  dual responders
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ERs (3 times)
AHR (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2000 Increased numbers of both airway basophils and mast cells in sputum after allergen inhalation challenge of atopic asthmatics.
19  dyslexic readers
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TRs (4 times)
CC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2008 Splenium microstructure is related to two dimensions of reading skill.
20  Direct Repeats
(3 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
3'UTR (1 time)
CRISPRs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2006 Direct repeats in the 3' untranslated regions of mosquito-borne flaviviruses: possible implications for virus transmission.
21  divergent regions
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ASRs (1 time)
ASTVs (1 time)
cryo-EM (1 time)
2007 Divergent mechanisms in generating molecular variations of alphaRYR and betaRYR in turkey skeletal muscle.
22  dose rates
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
2009 Overestimation of low-dose radiation in intensity-modulated radiotherapy with sliding-window technique.
23  delivery rates
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
FER (2 times)
IUI-H (2 times)
2017 Assisted reproductive technology in Europe, 2013: results generated from European registers by ESHRE.
24  dielectric resonators
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2005 Dielectric resonator-based resonant structure for sensitive ESR measurements at high-hydrostatic pressures.
25  digital radiographs
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
SVM (1 time)
2009 Digital radiographic artifacts.
26  dispersion relations
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AGNR (1 time)
DBP-NNs (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2017 Exchange, correlation, and scattering effects on surface plasmons in arm-chair graphene nanoribbons.
27  distance runners
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AFPs (1 time)
LT (1 time)
RER (1 time)
1995 Characterization of sports by the VO2 dynamics of athletes in response to sinusoidal work load.
28  distant recurrences
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AET (1 time)
cCR (1 time)
CTS5 (1 time)
2018 Pretreatment clinical stage predicts locoregional recurrence in patients with esophageal cancer who achieved a complete clinical response to chemoradiotherapy.
29  doctoral researchers
(2 times)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2020 Understanding the mental health of doctoral researchers: a mixed methods systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-synthesis.
30  dose reductions
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Comparison of different HER2/neu vaccines in adjuvant breast cancer trials: implications for dosing of peptide vaccines.
31  draw ratios
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
SAXS (1 time)
WAXS (1 time)
2017 Morphology Development and Mechanical Properties Variation during Cold-Drawing of Polyethylene-Clay Nanocomposite Fibers.
32  2,2-dialkoxy-1,3-diphenyloctahydropentalene-1,3-diyls
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Kinetic stabilization and reactivity of pi single-bonded species: effect of the alkoxy group on the lifetime of singlet 2,2-dialkoxy-1,3-diphenyloctahydropentalene-1,3-diyls.
33  CdSe-dot/CdS-rods
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CPL (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2018 Optically Active CdSe-Dot/CdS-Rod Nanocrystals with Induced Chirality and Circularly Polarized Luminescence.
34  Dahl salt-resistant rats
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
EMSAs (1 time)
2000 A nuclear complex containing PPARalpha/RXRalpha is markedly downregulated in the hypertrophied rat left ventricular myocardium with normal systolic function.
35  damage ratios
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
UTS (1 time)
2002 Fatigue damage of human tendons.
36  dark-reared kittens
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
NSp (1 time)
1988 Comparative development of cell properties in cortical area 18 of normal and dark-reared kittens.
37  Data Rates
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
FLMPC-One (1 time)
FLMPC-Two (1 time)
2019 Exploiting Layered Multi-Path Routing Protocols to Avoid Void Hole Regions for Reliable Data Delivery and Efficient Energy Management for IoT-Enabled Underwater WSNs.
38  death-inducing proteins, the death
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
DcRs (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2007 Preferential existence of death-inducing proteins in the human cardiomyopathic left ventricle.
39  Debrief reports
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2019 Debrief Reports to Expedite the Impact of Qualitative Research: Do They Accurately Capture Data from In-depth Interviews?
40  decision rules
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of Decision Rules in a Tiered Assessment of Inhalation Exposure to Nanomaterials.
41  decolorization ratios
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2020 Synthesis of a starch-based sulfonic ion exchange resin and adsorption of dyestuffs to the resin.
42  default network regions
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2010 Do inter-regional gray-matter volumetric correlations reflect altered functional connectivity in high-risk offspring of schizophrenia patients?
43  degradation rates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2014 Enzymes extracted from apple peels have activity in reducing higher alcohols in Chinese liquors.
44  delayed reactions
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
IRs (1 time)
2010 Delayed adverse reactions to blood donation.
45  delayed rectifier K+ conductances
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Voltage-dependent K+ channels improve the energy efficiency of signalling in blowfly photoreceptors.
46  delayed rectifiers
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 Inwardly rectifying and voltage-gated outward potassium channels exhibit low sensitivity to methylmercury.
47  delayed responses
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HFOs (1 time)
SOZ (1 time)
2017 Co-occurrence of high-frequency oscillations and delayed responses evoked by intracranial electrical stimulation in stereo-EEG studies.
48  Dementia Representations
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SWL (1 time)
2019 Caregivers' beliefs about dementia: findings from the IDEAL study.
49  demethylated regions
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
Treg (1 time)
2020 Regulatory T Cell-Specific Epigenomic Region Variants Are a Key Determinant of Susceptibility to Common Autoimmune Diseases.
50  demineralization rates
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
PEFs (1 time)
2011 Impact of pulsed electric field on electrodialysis process performance and membrane fouling during consecutive demineralization of a model salt solution containing a high magnesium/calcium ratio.
51  dendrimers
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ECL (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
TAPA (1 time)
2016 Self-Enhanced Electrochemiluminescence Nanorods of Tris(bipyridine) Ruthenium(II) Derivative and Its Sensing Application for Detection of N-Acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase.
52  denitrification rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
P. communis (1 time)
P. crispus (1 time)
2020 Biological denitrification in a macrophytic lake: implications for macrophytes-dominated lake management in the north of China.
53  department representatives
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
AEPs (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2020 Simulation in the Continuing Professional Development of Academic Emergency Physicians: A Canadian National Survey.
54  Dependence receptors
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Dependence receptors: a new paradigm in cell signaling and cancer therapy.
55  descriptive reports
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
PIS (1 time)
SRs (1 time)
2012 Template-based synoptic reports improve the quality of pathology reports of prostatectomy specimens.
56  Desert Roses
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
MWs (1 time)
2019 Sonophotocatalytic degradation mechanisms of Rhodamine B dye via radicals generation by micro- and nano-particles of ZnO.
57  Diabetes Registers
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
2017 Validity of hospital discharge records to identify pregestational diabetes in an Italian population.
58  diabetic recipients
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
HT (1 time)
NDs (1 time)
1990 Heart transplantation in diabetic recipients.
59  diabetic relatives
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
mI (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
2020 Clinical and Metabolic Effects of Alpha-Lipoic Acid Associated with Two Different Doses of Myo-Inositol in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
60  diagnostic radiologists
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2005 Interobserver variation in cervical cancer tumor delineation for image-based radiotherapy planning among and within different specialties.
61  diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2013 Efficacy considerations for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals.
62  diameter-ratios
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BGVs (1 time)
MHV (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2009 Reconstruction of the portal and hepatic veins using venous grafts customized from the bilateral gonadal veins.
63  diaphragma ruptures
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Delayed enterothorax and hepatothorax due to missed right-sided traumatic diaphragmatic rupture.
64  dietary recommendations
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
RDN (1 time)
2018 Discharge materials provided to patients with kidney stones in the emergency department may be a source of misinformation.
65  dietary restrictions
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
2019 Psychosocial Mediators between Socioeconomic Status and Dietary Restrictions among Patients Receiving Hemodialysis in Japan.
66  differences in smoking attitudes and behavior between Dominicans
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PRs (1 time)
2011 Differences in smoking behavior and attitudes among Puerto Rican, Dominican, and non-Latino white caregivers of children with asthma.
67  difficulty ratings
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
KR-20 (1 time)
1991 Coronary heart disease knowledge test: developing a valid and reliable tool.
68  digital chest radiographs
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
DTs (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2014 Support vector machine model for diagnosing pneumoconiosis based on wavelet texture features of digital chest radiographs.
69  digital radiography images
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DRRs (1 time)
RMSEs (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of the accuracy and clinical practicality of a calculation system for patient positional displacement in carbon ion radiotherapy at five sites.
70  digital receivers
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FIR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2002 A floating-point digital receiver for MRI.
71  digital recordings
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2013 Clinical evaluation of the 3M Littmann Electronic Stethoscope Model 3200 in 150 cats.
72  dilution rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2001 Effects of community composition and growth rate on aquifer biofilm bacteria and their susceptibility to betadine disinfection.
73  dinucleotide repeats
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Comparative genomic analysis of dinucleotide repeats in Tritryps.
74  Diol radicals
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
TS (1 time)
2018 Roaming-like Mechanism for Dehydration of Diol Radicals.
75  direct raters
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GOALS (1 time)
VRs (1 time)
2007 Evaluating intraoperative laparoscopic skill: direct observation versus blinded videotaped performances.
76  direct repairs
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LAW (1 time)
PARs (1 time)
SSIs (1 time)
2019 Surgical Outcomes in Lateral Abdominal Wall Reconstruction: A Comparative Analysis of Surgical Techniques.
77  directional repeats
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
2020 In vitro CRISPR/Cas9 system for genome editing of Aspergillus niger based on removable bidirectional selection marker AmdS.
78  directly repeated half-sites
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EcREs (1 time)
1998 Cross-talking among Drosophila nuclear receptors at the promiscuous response element of the ng-1 and ng-2 intermolt genes.
79  discharge rates
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CNEMG (1 time)
2012 Discharge rates in electromyography distinguish early between peripheral and central paresis.
80  Discontinuation rates
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
ISD (1 time)
2016 Immunosuppressive Drug Discontinuation in Noninfectious Uveitis From Real-Life Clinical Practice: A Survival Analysis.
81  discordance rates
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
Ebio (1 time)
Omni (1 time)
POCT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of several point-of-care testing (POCT) glucometers with an established laboratory procedure for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes using the discordance rate. A new statistical approach.
82  discordant recommendations
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
US (1 time)
2020 Discordance Between the American Thyroid Association and the American College of Radiology Guideline Systems for Thyroid Nodule Biopsy.
83  discrimination ratios
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2004 Discrimination ratio analysis of inflammatory markers: implications for the study of inflammation in chronic disease.
84  disease resistance
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
2018 Methodologies for Assessing Disease Tolerance in Pigs.
85  disordered regions
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2010 A comparative analysis of envelope and tegument proteins of suid herpesvirus 1, bovine herpesvirus 1 and bovine herpesvirus 5.
86  disordered residues
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IDP-ome (1 time)
IDPs (1 time)
2016 Proteomic and bioinformatic analysis of a nuclear intrinsically disordered proteome.
87  dispatching rules
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DFJSS (1 time)
GPHH (1 time)
GPHH-DR (1 time)
2020 Genetic Programming with Delayed Routing for Multiobjective Dynamic Flexible Job Shop Scheduling.
88  dispersed repeats
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HCPro (1 time)
RdDM (1 time)
TVBMV (1 time)
2020 The viral suppressor HCPro decreases DNA methylation and activates auxin biosynthesis genes.
89  displacement rates
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GPS-A (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
2017 Along-trench variation in seafloor displacements after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake.
90  dissolution rates
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
APIs (1 time)
DEF (1 time)
2015 Preparation and characterization of polymorphs of the glucocorticoid deflazacort.
91  distal roots
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GAL (1 time)
MR (1 time)
PDL (1 time)
2003 Galanin-immunoreactive nerve fibers in the periodontal ligament during experimental tooth movement.
92  distance restraints
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMRB (1 time)
DOCR (1 time)
FRED (1 time)
2005 BioMagResBank databases DOCR and FRED containing converted and filtered sets of experimental NMR restraints and coordinates from over 500 protein PDB structures.
93  distant relatives
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FDRs (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2008 Distress among inflammatory bowel disease patients at high risk for colorectal cancer: a preliminary investigation of the effects of family history of cancer, disease duration, and perceived social support.
94  diurnal rhythms
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BTMs (1 time)
2016 Diurnal Rhythms of Bone Turnover Markers in Three Ethnic Groups.
95  diversification rates
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
MYBP (1 time)
SI (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2012 Self-sterility in flowering plants: preventing self-fertilization increases family diversification rates.
96  donation rates
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
GDP (1 time)
pmp (1 time)
2014 Donation rates: what matters?
97  donor rats
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
FITC (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2015 Microcirculatory effects of physostigmine on experimental burn edema.
98  donor registries
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2018 Barriers to Registration in the National Donor Registry in Nations Using the Opt-In System: A Review of the Literature.
99  dorsal ruffles
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
ILK (1 time)
2012 Induction of membrane circular dorsal ruffles requires co-signalling of integrin-ILK-complex and EGF receptor.
100  dorsal spinal nerve roots
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
anti-GalNAc-GD1a antibody (1 time)
HPTLC (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2005 GalNAc-GD1a is localized specifically in ventral spinal roots, but not in dorsal spinal roots.