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Abbreviation: DS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Down syndrome
(4386 times)
Neurology
(760 times)
AD (562 times)
TD (159 times)
APP (100 times)
1975 Hepatitis B surface antigen and its subtypes in an institution for the mentally retarded.
degree of substitution
(709 times)
Biochemistry
(219 times)
MW (50 times)
FTIR (44 times)
SEM (33 times)
1976 Affinity and specificity of penicillin-antibody interaction determined by an enzyme (E. coli beta-galactosidase) immunoassay.
dermatan sulfate
(574 times)
Biochemistry
(179 times)
CS (217 times)
HS (189 times)
GAGs (162 times)
1975 [Age-related changes in the content and characteristics of glycosaminoglycans in human aortas].
Dahl salt-sensitive
(302 times)
Vascular Diseases
(167 times)
DR (102 times)
LV (29 times)
SBP (19 times)
1981 Psychobiology of experimental hypertension: evaluation of the Dahl rat lines.
dextran sulfate
(284 times)
Pharmacology
(33 times)
CS (19 times)
LDL (15 times)
LPS (15 times)
1975 Dextran sulphate: a synthetic activator of C3 via the alternative pathway. I. Influence of molecular size and degree of sulphation on the activation potency.
Dravet syndrome
(181 times)
Neurology
(97 times)
SE (9 times)
SUDEP (9 times)
KD (8 times)
1992 [Drash's syndrome and its variants. A report of 3 cases].
diclofenac sodium
(179 times)
Pharmacology
(65 times)
DSC (14 times)
SEM (14 times)
FTIR (12 times)
1985 Effects of sodium diclofenac on glycosaminoglycan metabolism in experimental osteoarthritis in rabbits.
degenerative spondylolisthesis
(149 times)
Orthopedics
(80 times)
ODI (18 times)
LSS (12 times)
SS (11 times)
1979 [Radiographical and anatomical studies on the pathogenesis of degenerative spondylolisthesis (author's transl)].
directionally selective
(146 times)
Neurology
(93 times)
RF (10 times)
SACs (10 times)
ACh (8 times)
1975 Direction-selective units in the rabbit's nucleus of the optic tract.
10  dietary supplements
(131 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
FDA (6 times)
DSHEA (4 times)
MVM (4 times)
2001 Dietary supplements: how they are used and regulated.
11  depressive symptoms
(110 times)
Psychiatry
(24 times)
OR (11 times)
PA (7 times)
CES-D (6 times)
1997 [The importance of bodily complaints in patients with chronic back pain].
12  diameter stenosis
(106 times)
Cardiology
(68 times)
MLD (30 times)
FFR (28 times)
QCA (28 times)
1988 Correlations between quantitative cineangiography, coronary flow reserve measured with digital subtraction cineangiography and exercise thallium perfusion scintigraphy.
13  discriminative stimulus
(104 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
CS (7 times)
DA (6 times)
8-OH-DPAT (4 times)
1978 Acquisition and discrimination of appetitively and aversively conditioned heart rate responses in rhesus monkeys.
14  duodenal switch
(89 times)
General Surgery
(66 times)
BMI (21 times)
RYGB (19 times)
BPD (16 times)
1997 Preliminary results of the duodenal switch.
15  dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
(81 times)
Endocrinology
(35 times)
DHEA (6 times)
PRL (6 times)
LH (5 times)
1975 Circulating concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate during puberty.
16  dorsal striatum
(78 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
DA (17 times)
NAc (14 times)
VS (8 times)
1993 Transsynaptic induction of c-fos in basal forebrain, diencephalic and midbrain neurons following AMPA-induced activation of the dorsal and ventral striatum.
17  deep sclerectomy
(61 times)
Ophthalmology
(54 times)
IOP (44 times)
MMC (14 times)
POAG (6 times)
1997 [Comparative results of deep sclerectomy transformed to trabeculectomy and classical trabeculectomy].
18  drought stress
(52 times)
Botany
(14 times)
WW (14 times)
ABA (6 times)
AM (5 times)
2002 Comparison of Sources and Lines Selected for Drought Resistance in Common Bean.
19  disulfiram
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
ALDH (7 times)
DDC (4 times)
CSCs (3 times)
1975 Effect of disulfiram and sodium diethyldithiocarbamate on tyrosine and dopamine-beta-hydroxylases activities in rat brain and heart.
20  dielectric spectroscopy
(50 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
NMR (5 times)
DLS (3 times)
DSC (3 times)
2001 Intrinsic structural differences between "tight couples" and Kaltschmidt-Wittmann ribosomes evidenced by dielectric spectroscopy and scanning microcalorimetry.
21  denture stomatitis
(49 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
CFU (3 times)
PDT (3 times)
AOR (2 times)
1979 Yeast-like fungi isolated from patients with denture stomatitis (DS) as seen in scanning microscope.
22  Digit Span
(44 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
MMSE (3 times)
RDS (3 times)
RT (3 times)
1995 Attention in multiple sclerosis: correlates of impairment on the WAIS-R Digit Span Test.
23  dry solids
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
SRF (9 times)
EPS (7 times)
RSM (5 times)
1998 Environmental Assessment of Benthic Impacts Associated with Pulp Mill Discharges. II. Distribution of Sediment EOX in Relation to Environmental Factors
24  direct stenting
(42 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
CS (16 times)
PCI (9 times)
MACE (8 times)
2000 Immediate and late outcomes after direct stent implantation without balloon predilation.
25  digital subtraction
(40 times)
Neurosurgery
(34 times)
CT (16 times)
MR (7 times)
SAH (4 times)
1986 Carotid bifurcation imaging model for more accurately comparing imaging techniques.
26  differentiation syndrome
(35 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
APL (26 times)
ATRA (20 times)
ATO (5 times)
2007 The association of ICAM-1 Exon 6 (E469K) but not of ICAM-1 Exon 4 (G241R) and PECAM-1 Exon 3 (L125V) polymorphisms with the development of differentiation syndrome in acute promyelocytic leukemia.
27  duplex scanning
(31 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
DSA (3 times)
AP (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1983 Noninvasive echo-Doppler duplex measurements of common femoral artery blood flow variables during supine exercise and post-occlusive reactive hyperemia.
28  dynamic stretching
(31 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
SS (21 times)
CMJ (8 times)
ROM (7 times)
2008 Pretesting static and dynamic stretching does not affect maximal strength.
29  decayed surfaces
(29 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
DFS (7 times)
FS (7 times)
DT (4 times)
1987 Caries and treatment patterns in children related to school lunch program eligibility.
30  draw solution
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
FO (21 times)
FS (8 times)
RO (4 times)
2010 Direct microscopic observation of forward osmosis membrane fouling.
31  dead space
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
VT (4 times)
STM (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
1975 Effect of preinspiratory lung volume on closing volume determination by nitrogen method.
32  desiccating stress
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
MMP (4 times)
IFN (3 times)
KO (3 times)
2006 Desiccating stress induces T cell-mediated Sjogren's Syndrome-like lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis.
33  direct sequencing
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
EGFR (10 times)
CRC (5 times)
FFPE (4 times)
2002 Allele-specific PCR amplification due to sequence identity between a PCR primer and an amplicon: is direct sequencing so reliable?
34  dodecyl sulfate
(26 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DBS (4 times)
SDS (4 times)
CMC (2 times)
1983 Extraction and determination of anionic surfactants with copper (II)-ethylenediamine derivative complexes.
35  Durie-Salmon
(26 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
MM (23 times)
ISS (14 times)
OS (6 times)
1986 Prognostic factors and staging in multiple myeloma: a reappraisal.
36  deficit schizophrenia
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
NDS (19 times)
HCs (5 times)
BPRS (2 times)
2002 Correlations between negative symptoms and peripheral G protein levels in mononuclear leukocytes of deficit and nondeficit schizophrenics. Preliminary results.
37  Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive
(24 times)
Vascular Diseases
(16 times)
eNOS (7 times)
DR (5 times)
iNOS (3 times)
1987 Cataracts and hypertension in salt-sensitive rats. A possible ion transport defect.
38  daytime sleepiness
(24 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PD (6 times)
ESS (5 times)
NS (4 times)
1995 Daytime sleepiness, snoring and gastro-oesophageal reflux amongst young adults in three European countries.
39  desynchronized sleep
(24 times)
Brain
(8 times)
SS (8 times)
Ta (3 times)
DPT (2 times)
1978 Sleep patterns in cat induced by gammahydroxybutyric acid.
40  Doppler sonography
(24 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
RI (5 times)
CCSVI (4 times)
IJVs (3 times)
1980 Radionuclide angiography and Doppler sonography to detect patients with cerebrovascular disease. A correlation with radiographic angiography.
41  design space
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
QbD (13 times)
CQAs (10 times)
DOE (7 times)
2011 A new PAT/QbD approach for the determination of blend homogeneity: combination of on-line NIRS analysis with PC Scores Distance Analysis (PC-SDA).
42  disease severity
(22 times)
Botany
(6 times)
DI (6 times)
QTL (6 times)
AUDPC (3 times)
1998 Mammographic screening in women more than 64 years old: a comparison of 1- and 2-year intervals.
43  degenerative scoliosis
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
ODI (7 times)
VAS (6 times)
ASA (2 times)
2005 [Application of restorative laminoplasty combined with spinous process osteotomy and internal fixation for treatment of degenerative scoliosis].
44  discriminant score
(20 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
DEGs (4 times)
RF (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
1980 An evaluation of speech audiometry by bone conduction in hearing-impaired adults.
45  deep sedation
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
GA (11 times)
PMVR (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
2000 Single sweep analysis of event related auditory potentials for the monitoring of sedation in cardiac surgery patients.
46  diagnostic score
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
PTB (3 times)
AFB (2 times)
DOR (2 times)
1992 A prospective study of tissue polypeptide specific antigen (TPS) in breast cancer diagnosis.
47  diopter sphere
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
DC (7 times)
SE (4 times)
ATR (2 times)
1988 IOL prediction: an evaluation of preoperatively determined intraocular lens power accuracy.
48  downstream
(19 times)
Optics and Photonics
(8 times)
US (15 times)
ONU (3 times)
CCA (2 times)
1997 The secY gene of V. cholerae: identification, cloning and characterization.
49  drug substance
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DP (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
HCPs (2 times)
1976 Nutrient turnover studies in alpine ecosystems : I. Phytomass and nutrient relations in four mat communities of the Northern Calcareous Alps.
50  deficit syndrome
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
NDS (4 times)
EEG (2 times)
EPs (2 times)
1996 Negative symptoms in nondeficit syndrome respond to neuroleptic treatment with changes in plasma homovanillic acid concentrations.
51  deletion syndrome
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
VPI (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
AP2S1 (1 time)
2005 Associations between prepulse inhibition and executive visual attention in children with the 22q11 deletion syndrome.
52  derivative spectrophotometry
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CWT (6 times)
HPLC (3 times)
PLS (3 times)
1986 Plasma hemoglobin determination by recording derivative spectrophotometry.
53  degree of swelling
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
SEM (3 times)
GL (2 times)
MAA (2 times)
2004 Preparation of acrylic grafted chitin for wound dressing application.
54  dermal sheath
(17 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DP (11 times)
ORS (3 times)
DF (2 times)
1996 Human hair follicle dermal papilla cell, dermal sheath cell and interstitial dermal fibroblast characteristics.
55  detergent-soluble
(17 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AChE (10 times)
SS (8 times)
LSS (5 times)
1980 Collagen-tailed and hydrophobic components of acetylcholinesterase in Torpedo marmorata electric organ.
56  diazepam-sensitive
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DI (9 times)
BZR (6 times)
DR (5 times)
1988 Genetic selection for benzodiazepine ataxia produces functional changes in the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor chloride channel complex.
57  direct standardization
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
PDS (8 times)
NIR (3 times)
PLS (3 times)
2003 Multivariate calibration standardization across instruments for the determination of glucose by Fourier transform near-infrared spectrometry.
58  drug-susceptible
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
TB (10 times)
MDR (9 times)
DT (3 times)
2001 Infection and disease among household contacts of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
59  dynamic systems
(17 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
ANN (2 times)
TS (2 times)
A-NDSs (1 time)
1994 Conditions for periodic and aperiodic behavior of formal neural nets.
60  DHEA sulfate
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
DHEA (13 times)
PRL (3 times)
DHT (2 times)
1980 Delayed puberty in males with chronic renal failure.
61  Donohue syndrome
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
INSR (9 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
LGS (2 times)
1997 Community-based study of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.
62  double scattering
(16 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
PBS (11 times)
IMRT (4 times)
IMPT (2 times)
2012 An experimental investigation into the effect of periodic motion on proton dosimetry using polymer gel dosimeters and a programmable motion platform.
63  dry season
(16 times)
Biology
(4 times)
RS (8 times)
WS (3 times)
GY (2 times)
1996 Corpus luteum activity, fertility, and adrenal cortex response in lactating Carora cows during rainy and dry seasons in the tropics of Venezuela.
64  dual-source
(16 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
CT (8 times)
SS (8 times)
CNR (4 times)
2008 Modulation transfer function-based assessment of temporal resolution: validation for single- and dual-source CT.
65  duplex sonography
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
GCA (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
1990 Comparison of Duplex sonography and color Doppler imaging in renal allograft evaluation: a prospective study.
66  dyad symmetry
(16 times)
Virology
(6 times)
EBV (8 times)
FR (6 times)
oriP (5 times)
1991 Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 mediates a DNA loop within the latent replication origin of Epstein-Barr virus.
67  Day Surgery
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
DVT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
GSVV (1 time)
1994 Day surgery--how much is possible? A Delphi consensus among surgeons.
68  Deauville score
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
HL (5 times)
PFS (5 times)
DLBCL (4 times)
2014 Quantitative and qualitative analysis of metabolic response at interim positron emission tomography scan combined with International Prognostic Index is highly predictive of outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
69  Dependence Scale
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AD (10 times)
DAD (2 times)
BDRS (1 time)
2005 Neuropsychological predictors of dependency in patients with Alzheimer disease.
70  disseminated sclerosis
(15 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ADEM (1 time)
AEPs (1 time)
ATSD (1 time)
1974 Amine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with disseminated sclerosis.
71  dumping syndrome
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
APD (1 time)
ARG (1 time)
CNGDF (1 time)
1969 [Changes in some fractions of acid-soluble phosphorus of the erythrocytes during dumping syndrome (DS)].
72  dynamic spectrum
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
SNR (5 times)
PCAB (2 times)
FDLIA (1 time)
2005 Study on the error in the dynamic spectrum method relative with the pathlength factor as a function of wavelength.
73  daily smokers
(14 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ITS (13 times)
CITS (3 times)
NITS (3 times)
2011 Smoking cessation behavior among intermittent smokers versus daily smokers.
74  defect score
(14 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(9 times)
SPECT (5 times)
LVEF (4 times)
AMI (2 times)
1990 Exercise-induced ST-segment elevation in leads over infarcted area and residual myocardial ischemia in patients with previous myocardial infarction.
75  dental students
(14 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
VC (4 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2001 A comparison of changes in dental students' and medical students' approaches to learning during professional training.
76  dissipative soliton
(14 times)
Optics and Photonics
(14 times)
CS (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2009 Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers.
77  drug-sensitive
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MDR (8 times)
TB (7 times)
XDR (5 times)
2006 Drug-sensitive tuberculosis, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, and nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease in nonAIDS adults: comparisons of thin-section CT findings.
78  delivery system
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
NGF (3 times)
CIT (2 times)
GDNF (2 times)
2005 Is preceptorship valuable?
79  desensitization
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PSP (3 times)
IVIG (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1975 Recovery of sensitivity to acetylcholine following desensitization in muscles of different vertebrate species.
80  developmental stuttering
(13 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
TMS (3 times)
FS (2 times)
PDS (2 times)
1998 Features resembling Tourette's syndrome in developmental stutterers.
81  Diencephalic syndrome
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
JPA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
CBDCA (1 time)
1997 Diencephalic syndrome and disseminated juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas of the hypothalamic-optic chiasm region.
82  discharge summaries
(13 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
CHC (1 time)
1999 Communication between hospitals and isolated aboriginal community health clinics.
83  decision support
(12 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
CPOE (2 times)
PONV (2 times)
US (2 times)
2003 A method for subdividing clinical guidelines into process modules with associated triggers and objectives to facilitate implementation.
84  diagonal sequence
(12 times)
Anthropology
(7 times)
LS (8 times)
AQ (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2004 Locomotor mechanics of the slender loris (Loris tardigradus).
85  diagonal stride
(12 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
DP (10 times)
GE (3 times)
KDP (2 times)
1989 The energy cost of level cross-country skiing and the effect of the friction of the ski.
86  Digit Symbol
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BD (4 times)
AVLT (2 times)
MMSE (2 times)
1992 Risk factors for cognitive aging in adult twins.
87  Discovery Studio
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DFT (2 times)
MD (2 times)
WT (2 times)
2009 Insight to pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by molecular docking.
88  disease-specific
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HNC (3 times)
HPV-HR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2004 A subtractive fluorescence-activated cell-sorting strategy to identify mimotopes of HBV-preS protein from bacterially displayed peptide library.
89  distribution system
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HPC (3 times)
HAAs (2 times)
THMs (2 times)
2001 Bacterial dynamics in the drinking water distribution system of Brussels.
90  digestible starch
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
RS (10 times)
CTRL (2 times)
TS (2 times)
2000 Effect of processing on potato starch: in vitro availability and glycaemic index.
91  direct smears
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
FNA (2 times)
FNAs (2 times)
MSW (2 times)
1997 Immunocytochemistry on the Thinprep processor.
92  disaccharide
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
FN (2 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
1979 Effect of ethanol on disaccharidases of hamster jejunal brush border membrane.
93  distance
(11 times)
Science
(2 times)
DA (2 times)
AS-OCT (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
1996 Monovalent cations differentially affect membrane surface properties and membrane curvature, as revealed by fluorescent probes and dynamic light scattering.
94  downshifting
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
UC (8 times)
CET (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2014 Lanthanide-doped Sr2YF7 nanoparticles: controlled synthesis, optical spectroscopy and biodetection.
95  driving simulator
(11 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IVF (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
2009 Detection and prediction of drowsiness by reflexive eye movements.
96  dural sac
(11 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
EV (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
PS (3 times)
1981 A comparative study of the pineal complex of nineteen species of Indian freshwater fishes.
97  Dead Sea
(10 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
ANME (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
2004 Rheology of Dead Sea shampoo containing the antidandruff climbazole.
98  deep squat
(10 times)
Physical Fitness
(6 times)
FMS (9 times)
ASLR (4 times)
HS (4 times)
2010 Biomechanical analysis of the different classifications of the Functional Movement Screen deep squat test.
99  digested sludge
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AS (3 times)
RS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2000 Performance enhancement of batch aerobic digesters via addition of digested sludge.
100  duplex scan
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DVT (3 times)
ICA (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
1992 Duplex scan surveillance of infra-inguinal bypass grafts: the case for selectivity.