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Abbreviation: DSA
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Long forms: 231

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
digital subtraction angiography
(3310 times)
Radiology
(1279 times)
CTA (386 times)
MRA (382 times)
CT (309 times)
1980 Digital subtraction angiography of the human cardiovascular system.
donor-specific antibodies
(646 times)
Transplantation
(444 times)
AMR (171 times)
HLA (104 times)
MFI (48 times)
1972 The electrophysiologic effects of low and high digoxin concentrations on isolated mammalian cardiac tissue: reversal by digoxin-specific antibody.
donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies
(76 times)
Transplantation
(50 times)
AMR (17 times)
MFI (12 times)
HLA (7 times)
2005 Kidney transplantation in the hyperimmunized patient.
directed self-assembly
(51 times)
Nanotechnology
(28 times)
BCPs (21 times)
BCP (17 times)
PS-b-PMMA (3 times)
2010 Self-assembled templates for the generation of arrays of 1-dimensional nanostructures: from molecules to devices.
Datura stramonium agglutinin
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
SNA (6 times)
Con A (4 times)
GNA (4 times)
1987 Lectin affinity high-performance liquid chromatography: interactions of N-glycanase-released oligosaccharides with leukoagglutinating phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, Datura stramonium agglutinin, and Vicia villosa agglutinin.
destructive spondyloarthropathy
(40 times)
Nephrology
(13 times)
HD (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
DRA (5 times)
1989 Radiological features of dialysis amyloid spondyloarthropathy.
dimensionally stable anode
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
BDD (8 times)
EC (6 times)
COD (5 times)
1981 Determination of ruthenium and tin on electrochemical anodes by energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence.
donation service area
(26 times)
Transplantation
(20 times)
MELD (7 times)
LAS (3 times)
LT (3 times)
2006 Report of a National Conference on Donation after cardiac death.
delayed spatial alternation
(22 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
DRL (3 times)
LE (2 times)
PCBs (2 times)
1986 Long-term lead effects on the Hamilton Search Task and delayed alternation in monkeys.
10  donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies
(15 times)
Transplantation
(12 times)
AMR (9 times)
MFI (5 times)
LT (2 times)
2008 Bortezomib provides effective therapy for antibody- and cell-mediated acute rejection.
11  dextran sulfate adsorption
(14 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
HELP (5 times)
LA (4 times)
LDL (3 times)
1988 Primers of contact system activity in asthmatic patients and contrast material reactors.
12  Datura stramonium
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SNA (4 times)
MAA (3 times)
LCA (2 times)
1989 Decrease in polylactosaminoglycans associated with lysosomal membrane glycoproteins during differentiation of CaCo-2 human colonic adenocarcinoma cells.
13  dog serum albumin
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HSA (5 times)
BSA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1982 Dog serum albumin as an allergen. IgE, IgG and lymphocyte responses in dog dander-sensitive asthmatic children.
14  donor-specific Abs
(10 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
Ab (3 times)
Abs (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
2000 Plasmapheresis and intravenous immune globulin provides effective rescue therapy for refractory humoral rejection and allows kidneys to be successfully transplanted into cross-match-positive recipients.
15  density spectral array
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
aEEG (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
a-EEG (1 time)
1983 Prognostic value of computerized EEG analysis during carotid endarterectomy.
16  descriptive sensory analysis
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
GC-O (3 times)
AEDA (1 time)
DCIT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of natural and roasted Turkish tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) volatiles and flavor by DHA/GC/MS and descriptive sensory analysis.
17  9,10-distyrylanthracene
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AIE (5 times)
ACQ (2 times)
CAP (2 times)
2010 Novel fluorescent pH sensors and a biological probe based on anthracene derivatives with aggregation-induced emission characteristics.
18  digital skeletal age
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
IS (3 times)
AIS (2 times)
HGs (2 times)
2007 Histologic, risser sign, and digital skeletal age evaluation for residual spine growth potential in Chinese female idiopathic scoliosis.
19  doxyl stearic acids
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
Chol (2 times)
DPPC (2 times)
REV (2 times)
1990 Semiquinones derived from anthraquinone-containing antitumor drugs can partition into phosphatidylcholine bilayers.
20  demographic surveillance area
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ACDIS (1 time)
ART (1 time)
BREC (1 time)
2006 The impact of parental death on school outcomes: longitudinal evidence from South Africa.
21  deterministic sensitivity analysis
(6 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PSA (3 times)
QALYs (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2006 Cost-effectiveness of alternative treatments for women with osteoporosis in Canada.
22  direct sample analysis
(6 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
DART (1 time)
DESI (1 time)
1993 Advances in chromatography for clinical drug analysis: supercritical fluid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, and selected high-performance liquid chromatography techniques.
23  dorsal scapular artery
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TCA (3 times)
SCA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2012 The presence of transverse cervical and dorsal scapular arteries at three ultrasound probe positions commonly used in supraclavicular brachial plexus blockade.
24  drop shape analysis
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMD (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CWAs (1 time)
2011 Wettability of biomimetic thermally grown aluminum oxide coatings.
25  deep stromal abscesses
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
DLEK (2 times)
PLK (2 times)
UFVMC (2 times)
2008 Corneal transplantation for inflammatory keratopathies in the horse: visual outcome in 206 cases (1993-2007).
26  dental surgery assistant
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
1989 Fundamentals of prosthetic practice. Part II--The surgery.
27  diazotized sulfanilic acid
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
DPH (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
1977 Increased responsiveness to macrophage-activating factor (MAF) after alteration of macrophage membranes.
28  digital intravenous subtraction angiography
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADPKD (1 time)
1983 Digital subtraction angiography in the evaluation of hypertension.
29  digital subtraction
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1986 Comparison of intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography and conventional filming in peripheral vascular disease.
30  dipole source analysis
(4 times)
Psychotropic Drugs
(2 times)
LDAEP (2 times)
ERPs (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
1998 Cortical sensorimotor reorganization after spinal cord injury: an electroencephalographic study.
31  direct skeletal attachment
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
--- 1976 The effects of pylon shape on bone-pylon interface performance in direct skeletal attachment.
32  dynamic strain aging
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
LSP (1 time)
nSRS (1 time)
2006 A predictive mechanism for dynamic strain ageing in aluminium-magnesium alloys.
33  daily step activity
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
iSCI (3 times)
6MWD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2011 Reliability of daily step activity monitoring in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury.
34  Datura stramonium lectin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
AOL (1 time)
APRI (1 time)
1994 Kinetic measurement of the interaction between an oligosaccharide and lectins by a biosensor based on surface plasmon resonance.
35  defined solid angle
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
--- 2016 Defined solid angle alpha counting at NPL.
36  dextrose starch agar
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OMP (2 times)
BA (1 time)
BIP (1 time)
1988 Expression of pili and capsule by the avian strain P-1059 of Pasteurella multocida.
37  diluted sulfuric acid
(3 times)
Technology
(2 times)
EW (2 times)
LCSB (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2017 Strategies for enzyme saving during saccharification of pretreated lignocellulo-starch biomass: effect of enzyme dosage and detoxification chemicals.
38  distributed situation awareness
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
SA (2 times)
EAST (1 time)
RiskSOAP (1 time)
2008 Representing situation awareness in collaborative systems: a case study in the energy distribution domain.
39  dorsal subcutaneous adipose
(3 times)
Animal Nutrition Sciences
(2 times)
ASA (3 times)
BCAA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2016 Supplementation of branched-chain amino acids in protein-restricted diets modulates the expression levels of amino acid transporters and energy metabolism associated regulators in the adipose tissue of growing pigs.
40  dye stain assay
(3 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(3 times)
UV (1 time)
UVA (1 time)
2011 Validation of a dye stain assay for vaginally inserted hydroxyethylcellulose-filled microbicide applicators.
41  Dynamic Systems Approach
(3 times)
Dancing
(1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2012 Dynamic Systems (Complexity) theory as a new conceptual model for researching PBL in dental education.
42  p-diazobenzenesulfonic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GABA (2 times)
PLP (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
1984 Characterization of gamma-aminobutyric acid-benzodiazepine receptor complexes by protection against inactivation by group-specific reagents.
43  4,4-dimethyl-4-silapentane-1-ammonium trifluoroacetate
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CPMG (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
OPLS-DA (1 time)
2017 NMR-based plasma metabolomic discrimination for male fertility assessment of rats treated with Eurycoma longifolia extracts.
44  anti-donor antibodies
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
TPG (1 time)
2011 Current problems of chronic active antibody-mediated rejection.
45  decreased susceptibility to azithromycin
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MICs (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2015 Notes from the Field: Outbreaks of Shigella sonnei Infection with Decreased Susceptibility to Azithromycin Among Men Who Have Sex with Men - Chicago and Metropolitan Minneapolis-St. Paul, 2014.
46  deep corneal stromal abscesses
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DLEK (1 time)
2008 Deep lamellar endothelial keratoplasty in 10 horses.
47  deletion/substitution/addition
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BRT (1 time)
EWAS (1 time)
FDP (1 time)
2016 A Systematic Comparison of Linear Regression-Based Statistical Methods to Assess Exposome-Health Associations.
48  delta-shaped anastomosis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CLDG (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
TLDG (1 time)
2016 Body composition changes after totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with delta-shaped anastomosis: a comparison with conventional Billroth I anastomosis.
49  density-modulated spectral array
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1988 Intraoperative EEG monitoring: (I). Parametric representation of processed EEG during anesthesia.
50  Dentist Scientist Award
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NIDR (1 time)
1996 The Dentist Scientist Award program and prosthodontics.
51  depressed suicide attempters
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
DNSA (1 time)
DP (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2014 Aggressiveness across development and suicidal behavior in depressed patients.
52  Depressive Symptom Assessment for Older Adults
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2008 Content validation of the depressive symptom assessment for older adults.
53  dextran sulphate-cellulose adsorption
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IMA (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
1994 Comparative long-term experience with immunoadsorption and dextran sulfate cellulose adsorption for extracorporeal elimination of low-density lipoproteins.
54  diagnostic angiography
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PAVM (1 time)
US (1 time)
1992 [Transcatheter embolization of tumors of the muscular and skeletal systems].
55  diagnostic scoring aid
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FMD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2009 Using interactional and linguistic analysis to distinguish between epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: a prospective, blinded multirater study.
56  dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive H(+)-ATPase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1981 Nucleotide interactions with the dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive adenosinetriphosphatase from spinach chloroplasts.
57  differential sensitivity analysis
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
GDOP (1 time)
GWEM (1 time)
HSPF (1 time)
2015 The Indoor Localization and Tracking Estimation Method of Mobile Targets in Three-Dimensional Wireless Sensor Networks.
58  difficulty staying asleep
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DFA (2 times)
ARES (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2016 Caffeine consumption, insomnia, and sleep duration: Results from a nationally representative sample.
59  diffusive shock acceleration
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SDA (1 time)
2015 Simultaneous acceleration of protons and electrons at nonrelativistic quasiparallel collisionless shocks.
60  digital signature algorithm
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DCE (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
EMRs (1 time)
2014 [Diffusion weighted imaging combined with dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in monitoring therapeutic efficacy for hepatocellular carcinoma after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization].
61  Digital Speech Aid
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DAF (2 times)
FAF (2 times)
2009 Stuttering patients' opinions on the Digital Speech Aid.
62  digitized surface area
(2 times)
Radiation, Ionizing
(1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
F-URS (1 time)
fURS (1 time)
2015 Flexible Ureteroscopic Management of Horseshoe Kidney Renal Calculi.
63  direct superior approach
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
IRB (1 time)
MPA (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2017 Is the Direct Superior, Iliotibial Band-Sparing Approach Associated With Decreased Pain After Total Hip Arthroplasty?
64  Disabled Student Allowance
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
DCD (1 time)
2007 Use of assistive technology by students with dyslexia in post-secondary education.
65  disc slope angle
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
LL (2 times)
MIS-TLIF (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
2015 A Comparative Radiographic Analysis of Fusion Rate between L4-5 and L5-S1 in a Single Level Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
66  disodium arsenate heptahydrate
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
MATC (1 time)
1991 Chronic toxicity of dietary disodium arsenate heptahydrate to juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
67  disuccinimidyl adipate
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
HDX MS (1 time)
LC/MS (1 time)
2002 Intramolecular cross-linking experiments on cytochrome c and ribonuclease A using an isotope multiplet method.
68  dose spread array
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DPB (1 time)
DSAR (1 time)
DV (1 time)
1989 Modelling polychromatic high energy photon beams by superposition.
69  DS adaptation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DS (2 times)
DSRA (2 times)
2001 Re-adaptation of the esophageal mucosa of rats to protracted stress.
70  dual space analysis
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
EOES (1 time)
2011 Intramolecular interactions of L-phenylalanine: Valence ionization spectra and orbital momentum distributions of its fragment molecules.
71  dural sac area
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
APL (1 time)
BLH (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2010 Comparison of unilateral hemilaminotomy and bilateral hemilaminotomy according to dural sac area in lumbar spinal stenosis.
72  duration of seizure activity
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
EE (1 time)
1989 Suppression of pentylenetetrazol-elicited seizure activity by intraosseous lorazepam in pigs.
73  dynamical superposition approximation
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
VAA (1 time)
2001 Dynamical theory of strongly coupled two-dimensional Coulomb fluids in the weakly degenerate quantum domain.
74  dynostatic algorithm
(2 times)
Models, Theoretical
(1 time)
ABMs (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 The dynostatic algorithm accurately calculates alveolar pressure on-line during ventilator treatment in children.
75  n-decyl sulfonic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
WAXD (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2008 Influence of long-chain aliphatic dopants on the spectroscopic properties of polyketimine containing 3,8-diamino-6-phenylphenanthridine and ethylene linkage in the main chain. Noncovalent interaction: proton transfer, hydrogen and halogen bonding.
76  1,7-disulphoanthraquinone
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
VIDAS (1 time)
1998 Antiviral activity of 1,7-disulphoanthraquinone.
77  12-DOXYL stearic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
apoA-I (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1999 Amphipathic alpha-helix bundle organization of lipid-free chicken apolipoprotein A-I.
78  2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALK (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
NAHT (1 time)
1987 Effect of N-acetyl-DL-homocysteine thiolactone and 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid on the restoration of alkaline phosphatase in the nervous system of rat during methylmercury toxication.
79  2-deoxy-streptamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GARA (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of the stability of gentamicin in different antibiotic carriers using a validated MEKC method.
80  3,10-dithia stearic acid
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CLA (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
TVA (1 time)
2006 Eicosapentaenoic acid and 3,10 dithia stearic acid inhibit the desaturation of trans-vaccenic acid into cis-9, trans-11-conjugated linoleic acid through different pathways in Caco-2 and T84 cells.
81  3-dehydroshikimate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DSD (1 time)
mDSD (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2010 Purification and characterization of membrane-bound 3-dehydroshikimate dehydratase from Gluconobacter oxydans IFO 3244, a new enzyme catalyzing extracellular protocatechuate formation.
82  5,7-dinitro-2-sulfo-acridone
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
DNA-CDs (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2018 A Ratiometric Fluorescent Bioprobe Based on Carbon Dots and Acridone Derivate for Signal Amplification Detection Exosomal microRNA.
83  BDD>Pt>dimensional stable anode
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
TFT-LCD (1 time)
2013 Electro-regeneration of Ce(IV) in real spent Cr-etching solutions.
84  beyond standard angiography
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1999 [Digital 3D rotational angiography for the preoperative and preinterventional clarification of cerebral arterial aneurysms].
85  D strains South African
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
CST (1 time)
1991 Purification and characterization of ADP-ribosyltransferases (exoenzyme C3) of Clostridium botulinum type C and D strains.
86  d-succinylase
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Characterization of d-succinylase from Cupriavidus sp. P4-10-C and its application in d-amino acid synthesis.
87  dactyl sensory afferent
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PADs (1 time)
1997 Primary afferent depolarizations of sensory origin within contact-sensitive mechanoreceptive afferents of a crayfish leg.
88  damage size analysis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Efficient method for the measurement of lifetime optical damage performance of thin film coatings from laser damage size analysis.
89  Danshen
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
SZA (1 time)
2013 [Experimental study on anti-atherosclerotic effect of compatibility of active components of danshen and shanzha].
90  dapoxyl sulfonic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
RH (1 time)
2011 Relative humidity sensors based on an environment-sensitive fluorophore in hydrogel films.
91  darkly stained area
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MPOA (1 time)
1980 Some characteristics of the darkly stained area of the medial preoptic area of rats.
92  data are combined by superimposing the projection angiogram
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1991 Multimodality image integration for stereotactic surgical planning.
93  data sets showed an important underestimate of the angiographical method
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MHACT (1 time)
2003 Multidetector helical angio CT oblique reconstructions orthogonal to internal carotid artery for preoperative evaluation of stenosis. A prospective study of comparison with color Doppler US, digital subtraction angiography and intraoperative data.
94  data sharing agreement
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
REB (1 time)
2017 Time required to initiate outbreak and pandemic observational research.
95  data-prefetching strategy
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
API (1 time)
i.e., anchor interval (1 time)
MADM (1 time)
2018 Data-Prefetching Scheme Based on Playback Delay and Positioning Satisfaction in Peer-To-Peer Video-On-Demand System.
96  datura stramonium lectin agglutinin
(1 time)
Reproduction
(1 time)
--- 2017 Isolation, Culture and Characterization of Human Sertoli Cells by Flow Cytometry: Development of Procedure.
97  Daudi surface antigen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CALLA (1 time)
1981 [Classification of acute leukemias by surface markers and correlation with the morphological diagnosis. Results of 111 cases].
98  day surgery appendectomy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2017 Day Surgery for Acute Appendicitis in Adults: A Prospective Series of 102 Patients.
99  days of the biopsy were tested for antidonor-specific antibodies
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
IAC (1 time)
2008 C4d-positive interacinar capillaries correlates with donor-specific antibody-mediated rejection in pancreas allografts.
100  Deaconess Surgical Associates cardioplegia
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DZX (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2002 Selective opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels during surgically induced myocardial ischemia decreases necrosis and apoptosis.