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Abbreviation: DU
Appearance Frequency: 1689 time(s)
Long forms: 135

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
duodenal ulcer
(742 times)
Gastroenterology
(362 times)
GU (195 times)
HP (67 times)
H. pylori (65 times)
1975 Increased sensitivity to stimulation of acid secretion by pentagastrin in duodenal ulcer.
depleted uranium
(293 times)
Environmental Health
(154 times)
ICP-MS (15 times)
Ta (9 times)
NU (7 times)
1998 Transformation of human osteoblast cells to the tumorigenic phenotype by depleted uranium-uranyl chloride.
detrusor underactivity
(78 times)
Urology
(35 times)
LUTS (19 times)
DO (18 times)
BOO (17 times)
2006 Null mutation in macrophage migration inhibitory factor prevents muscle cell loss and fibrosis in partial bladder outlet obstruction.
digital ulcers
(78 times)
Rheumatology
(49 times)
SSc (66 times)
RP (20 times)
PAH (9 times)
2006 Digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis.
duplex ultrasonography
(63 times)
Vascular Diseases
(21 times)
RI (7 times)
PSV (5 times)
CEA (4 times)
1989 Emergency department use of hand-held Doppler ultrasonography.
duplex ultrasound
(53 times)
General Surgery
(37 times)
DVT (8 times)
PSV (6 times)
CEA (5 times)
1989 Monitoring of renal allografts by duplex ultrasound.
drug users
(44 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
HCV (9 times)
MSM (7 times)
HAART (5 times)
1994 Risk, protection, and vulnerability to adolescent drug use: latent-variable models of three age groups.
Doppler ultrasound
(35 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AVF (5 times)
RI (4 times)
VA (4 times)
1980 Diagnosing deep vein thrombosis by Doppler ultrasound and impedance plethysmography.
duodenal
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
GU (10 times)
PU (4 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
1975 Pentagastrin dose-response in peptic ulcer disease.
10  Duroc
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
LW (7 times)
LR (6 times)
PI (5 times)
1990 [Genetic behavioral aspects of agricultural animals].
11  densitometric units
(19 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
Ang II (4 times)
BS/GS (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1996 Reduction in circulating IGF-I and hepatic IGF-I mRNA levels after caecal ligation and puncture are associated with differential regulation of hepatic IGF-binding protein-1, -2 and -3 mRNA levels.
12  duodenal ulcer patients
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
NUD (2 times)
BAO (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1977 [Gastrointestinal hormones. I. Hormones of the gastrin group].
13  density units
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
MP (8 times)
MPOD (8 times)
MPD (4 times)
2001 The spatial distribution of macular pigment in humans.
14  duodenal ulcer disease
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
BAO (3 times)
GU (2 times)
NUD (2 times)
1978 Food-stimulated acid secretion measured by intragastric titration with bicarbonate in patients with duodenal and gastric ulcer disease and in controls.
15  Dobson units
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
TOMS (3 times)
UVB (2 times)
AOH (1 time)
1996 Decadal evolution of the Antarctic ozone hole.
16  drug utilization
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
COPD (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
2002 [Antibiotics prescription in ambulatory patient].
17  duodenum
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
IL (3 times)
ST (2 times)
Am (1 time)
1991 Pancreatoduodenal carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 304 patients and immunohistochemical observation for CEA and CA19-9.
18  diazolidinyl urea
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
IU (3 times)
AQ (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1989 Contact sensitivity to diazolidinyl urea (Germall II).
19  dental units
(5 times)
Oral Medicine
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
DUW (1 time)
DUWL (1 time)
1991 Influence of biofilms on microbial contamination in dental unit water.
20  decubitus ulcers
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CRI (1 time)
DLA (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1988 Clinical trial of foam cushions in the prevention of decubitis ulcers in elderly patients.
21  development units
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SLIT (3 times)
AEs (2 times)
HDM (2 times)
2014 Tolerability during double-blind randomized phase I trials with the house dust mite allergy immunotherapy tablet in adults and children.
22  Durafill
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CH (3 times)
DE (3 times)
DY (3 times)
2004 Color stability of resin matrix restorative materials as a function of the method of light activation.
23  dermographic urticaria
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
AU (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2009 Prevention of signs and symptoms of dermographic urticaria by single-dose ebastine 20 mg.
24  diabetic untreated
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CTR (1 time)
DMg250 (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
1996 Glucagon response to hypoglycemia is improved by insulin-independent restoration of normoglycemia in diabetic rats.
25  discounted utility
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Framing health messages based on anomalies in time preference.
26  dUTPase
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
FIV (3 times)
IN (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1993 Identification of proteolytic processing sites within the Gag and Pol polyproteins of feline immunodeficiency virus.
27  3-deazauridine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ara-C (1 time)
dbcAMP (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1978 Formation of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine diphosphate choline in cultured human leukemic RPMI 6410 cells.
28  Decision Unit
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SQC (1 time)
2015 Sample quality criteria.
29  delayed union
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NU (2 times)
FHN (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
1993 Predictive value of early scintimetry in intracapsular hip fractures. A prospective study with regard to femoral head necrosis, delayed union and non-union.
30  delivery unit
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ABU (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2012 Malaria prevalence among pregnant women in two districts with differing endemicity in Chhattisgarh, India.
31  device use
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
LOS (3 times)
CL (2 times)
DA-HAI (2 times)
2013 Device-associated infection rates, device use, length of stay, and mortality in intensive care units of 4 Chinese hospitals: International Nosocomial Control Consortium findings.
32  dialysis units
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
PDU (1 time)
2001 Job-related stress among nursing personnel in Greek dialysis units.
33  differential uniformity
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
IU (2 times)
CFOV (1 time)
COV (1 time)
1990 Reproducibility and action levels for gamma camera uniformity.
34  diffuse undifferentiated
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DH (2 times)
CR (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1985 Improved survival following combined radiation therapy and chemotherapy for unfavorable prognosis stage I-II non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
35  digital ulceration
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CD163 (1 time)
FPD (1 time)
2016 Serum Soluble CD163 and its association with various disease parameters in patients with systemic sclerosis.
36  digital units
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
HMC (1 time)
1990 Photometric calibration of the Halley Multicolour Camera.
37  distal ureterectomy
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CSS (1 time)
NU (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
2014 Distal ureterectomy is a safe surgical option in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the distal ureter.
38  Doppler Ultrasonic
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
ABP (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
2008 Assessing Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) by using automated oscillometric devices.
39  double umbrella
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PFO (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2001 Comparison of two transcatheter closure methods of persistently patent arterial duct.
40  drug-induced urticaria
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
EMN (2 times)
HV (2 times)
2003 Plasma activity of interleukin-10 in drug-induced cutaneous reactions.
41  DU-6859a
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Comparative in vitro activity of DU-6859a, a new fluoroquinolone agent, against gram-positive cocci.
42  dulaglutide
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
T2DM (2 times)
GLP-1RA (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
2016 Efficacy and safety of dulaglutide in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a comprehensive review of the dulaglutide clinical data focusing on the AWARD phase 3 clinical trial program.
43  duplex ultrasound scanning
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
2003 Does severe venous insufficiency have a different etiology in the morbidly obese? Is it venous?
44  durometer units
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
mRSS (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2006 Durometry for the assessment of skin disease in systemic sclerosis.
45  dwelling unit
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
AHRQ (1 time)
CHAID (1 time)
MEPS (1 time)
2007 On modelling response propensity for dwelling unit (DU) level non-response adjustment in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).
46  juxta-duodenal ulcer
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GCs (1 time)
GMC (1 time)
1987 Variations in the morphology of villous epithelial cells within 8 mm of untreated duodenal ulcers.
47  2'-deoxyuridine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BVDU (1 time)
CEDC (1 time)
CEDU (1 time)
1988 Mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of 5-substituted 2'-deoxyuridines depending on the nature of the 5-substituent.
48  3-dimethylurea
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MU (1 time)
PTU (1 time)
TMTU (1 time)
1990 Effects of urea analogs on egg hatching and movement of unhatched larvae of monogenean parasiteAcanthocotyle lobianchi from skin ofRaja montagui.
49  air-dried unground
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2014 Estimating soil organic carbon content with visible-near-infrared (vis-NIR) spectroscopy.
50  D Ag units
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
cIPV (1 time)
D Ag (1 time)
IPV (1 time)
2012 Safety and immunogenicity of inactivated poliovirus vaccine made from Sabin strains: a phase II, randomized, positive-controlled trial.
51  D-antigen units
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IPV1 (1 time)
2016 Repeated fractional intradermal dosing of an inactivated polio vaccine by a single hollow microneedle leads to superior immune responses.
52  decylubiquinone
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FRD (1 time)
OG (1 time)
1993 Micelle-supported electroenzymology: Succinate dehydrogenation by escherichia coli fumarate reductase in decylubiquinone and octyl glucoside micelles.
53  Deedu
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Genomic analysis of natural selection and phenotypic variation in high-altitude mongolians.
54  deep ulcerations
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CDEIS (1 time)
Fcal (1 time)
2015 Endoscopic Factors Influencing Fecal Calprotectin Value in Crohn's Disease.
55  deep venous flow
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SU (1 time)
2007 Local metabolic, pathophysiological and histological changes in venous ulcers.
56  deep venous insufficiency or obstruction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SU (1 time)
2008 [Ulcus venosum cruris--etiopathogenesis, clinical features and surgical treatment].
57  defecation units
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
EPM (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1998 Sudden darkness induces a high activity-low anxiety state in male and female rats.
58  degree of unfolding
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
fGO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2016 Redissolution of Flower-Shaped Graphene Oxide Powder with High Density.
59  degree of unsaturation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Synergistic effect of optimizing light-emitting diode illumination quality and intensity to manipulate composition of fatty acid methyl esters from Nannochloropsis sp.
60  delayed uptake
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LCR (1 time)
TBPS (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic performance of three-phase bone scan for complex regional pain syndrome type 1 with optimally modified image criteria.
61  delayed urethroplasty
(1 time)
DET (1 time)
DPOSR (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2018 Pelvic fracture urethral injury in males-mechanisms of injury, management options and outcomes.
62  delayed urethrotomy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2011 Early endoscopic primary realignment decreases stricture formation and reduces medical costs in traumatic complete posterior urethral disruption in a 2-year follow-up.
63  Delhi University
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CWG-2010 (1 time)
SAFAR (1 time)
2013 Assessments of population exposure to environmental pollutants using air quality measurements during Commonwealth Games-2010.
64  Dementia units
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Perceived quality in a dementia unit: patients' caregivers as information providers.
65  denatured state
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
SAXS (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
1997 Urea-induced conformational changes in cold- and heat-denatured states of a protein, Streptomyces subtilisin inhibitor.
66  deoxyuridine-triphosphatase
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
FIV (1 time)
1995 Increased mutation frequency of feline immunodeficiency virus lacking functional deoxyuridine-triphosphatase.
67  depleted U
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
PND (1 time)
2016 Exposure to depleted uranium during development affects neuronal differentiation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus and induces depressive-like behavior in offspring.
68  depleted uranium acetate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
TBA (1 time)
2005 Effects of short-term and long-term depleted uranium exposure on open-field behavior and brain lipid oxidation in rats.
69  Depression Units
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
EOP (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2003 Quantification of sub-clinical anxiety and depression in essentially obese patients and normal-weight healthy subjects.
70  designatable unit
(1 time)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
--- 2015 Identifying designatable units for intraspecific conservation prioritization: a hierarchical approach applied to the lake whitefish species complex (Coregonus spp.).
71  Detectable Units
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
IU (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2019 Duplex nucleic acid test for the detection of chikungunya and dengue RNA viruses in blood donations.
72  device utilization
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2004 Healthcare-associated infections among neonates in Brazil.
73  dextrinizing units
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Effects of a dietary Aspergillus oryzae extract containing alpha-amylase activity on performance and carcass characteristics of finishing beef cattle.
74  diabetic foot ulcer
(1 time)
Wound Healing
(1 time)
AAWC (1 time)
PU (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2012 Benchmarking chronic wound healing outcomes.
75  diabetic patients with ulceration
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AJC (1 time)
LJM (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2007 The relationship between passive range of motion and range of motion during gait and plantar pressure measurements.
76  diabetic ulcer
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CU (1 time)
DM (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2017 [Effect of Simiao Yong'an Decoction on the Expression of Wnt/p-catenin Signaling Pathway in Diabetic Ulcer Model Rats].
77  diabetic ulcer group
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
2h-PPG (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2014 Plantar pressure as a risk assessment tool for diabetic foot ulceration in egyptian patients with diabetes.
78  diabetic units
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
EO (1 time)
UH (1 time)
1992 [Care for the diabetic patient in Catalonia. A study of a population sample].
79  diachronic universalism
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
FLO (1 time)
2018 The future-like-ours argument, animalism, and mereological universalism.
80  diagnostic ultrasound
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2010 Displacement analysis of diagnostic ultrasound backscatter: a methodology for characterizing, modeling, and monitoring high intensity focused ultrasound therapy.
81  Diagnostic units
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ODC (1 time)
RAST (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
1996 Design of an optimally-diagnostic skin test solution for diagnosis of sensitivity to timothy grass (Phleum pratense) pollen.
82  diagnostic urinalysis
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
GURD (1 time)
LN (1 time)
1984 Usefulness of microscopic examination in urinalysis.
83  diagnostic utility
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1989 A utility-based model for comparing the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic studies.
84  dialysis unit
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Administration of a pediatric dialysis unit: the basics.
85  diaphragm ultrasonography
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
Tdi (1 time)
2017 Assessment of diaphragmatic dysfunction in the critically ill patient with ultrasound: a systematic review.
86  Diaphragmatic ultrasound
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AECOPD (1 time)
DD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2017 Prevalence and outcomes of diaphragmatic dysfunction assessed by ultrasound technology during acute exacerbation of COPD: A pilot study.
87  Dieulafoy's ulcer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 [The endoscopic diagnosis and therapy as well as the long-term course of Dieulafoy ulcer hemorrhage].
88  digester unit
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
LSP-AS (1 time)
2017 Sludge reduction via biodegradation of the endogenous residue (XE): experimental verification and modeling.
89  Dihydrouracil
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DHP (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
2002 Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase-related enzymes predict efficacy and adverse reactions of UFT1+cisplatin neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.
90  dipstick urinalysis
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
UTI (1 time)
2001 Dipstick urinalysis and the accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infection.
91  disaccharide units
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
N-des N-Ac (1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
2001 Heparan sulfate, heparin, and heparinase activity detection on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using the fluorochrome tris(2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium (II).
92  discordant unilateral
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
I-COL (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CU (1 time)
2004 [Contribution of the scintigraphy with iodocholesterol (I-COL) to the diagnosis and characterization of silent adrenal masses].
93  discounted utility model
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2000 When does duration matter in judgment and decision making?
94  diseased untreated
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AFBs (1 time)
AIOD (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2019 Superficial Femoral Artery Occlusion Reduces Aortofemoral Bypass Graft Patency.
95  disequilibria model
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LU (1 time)
1993 ESR dating of tooth enamel: comparison with U-series, FT and TL dating at the Peking man site.
96  disinfectant usage
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CRs (1 time)
DO (1 time)
HAIs (1 time)
2009 Compliance with hand hygiene on surgical, medical, and neurologic intensive care units: direct observation versus calculated disinfectant usage.
97  distal urethra
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2009 General tissue characteristics of the lower urethral and vaginal walls in the domestic rabbit.
98  distribution ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ILs (1 time)
2018 Highly efficient extraction and selective separation of uranium (VI) from transition metals using new class of undiluted ionic liquids based on H-phosphonate anions.
99  dobutamine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1984 Combined haemodynamic effects of low doses of dopamine and dobutamine in patients with acute infarction and cardiac failure.
100  dog units
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
SNFR (1 time)
1977 Regulation of filtration rate in sodium-depleted and -expanded dogs.