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Abbreviation: EAR
Appearance Frequency: 814 time(s)
Long forms: 135

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Estimated Average Requirement
(261 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(155 times)
UL (42 times)
RDA (39 times)
AI (36 times)
1996 An audit of meal provision in an elderly care hospital.
early asthmatic response
(75 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
LAR (49 times)
AHR (8 times)
BAL (6 times)
1976 Factors in allergen-induced asthma: relevance of the intensity of the airways allergic reaction and non-specific bronchial reactivity.
excess absolute risk
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
ERR (23 times)
CI (15 times)
SIR (13 times)
1994 Cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors. Part II: Solid tumors, 1958-1987.
early
(58 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(28 times)
LAR (24 times)
AHR (12 times)
OA (5 times)
1986 Generation and partial characterization of eosinophil chemotactic activity and neutrophil chemotactic activity during early and late-phase asthmatic response.
estimated average requirements
(42 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(22 times)
AI (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1996 What do we know about children who fail to thrive?
ERF-associated amphiphilic repression
(35 times)
Botany
(25 times)
ERFs (8 times)
ERF (5 times)
ABA (3 times)
2001 Repression domains of class II ERF transcriptional repressors share an essential motif for active repression.
Electronically Activated Recorder
(24 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
LIWC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2001 The Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR): a device for sampling naturalistic daily activities and conversations.
early airway response
(15 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
LAR (7 times)
AHR (4 times)
BAL (4 times)
1997 Blood markers of early and late airway responses to allergen in asthmatic subjects. Relationship with functional findings.
element binding factor-associated amphiphilic repression
(14 times)
Botany
(8 times)
TPL (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
ATHB4 (1 time)
2007 Overexpression of the chimeric gene of the floral regulator CONSTANS and the EAR motif repressor causes late flowering in Arabidopsis.
10  extracellular acidification rate
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CYCL (2 times)
IMOLA-IVD (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1994 Direct measurement of extracellular proton flux from isolated gastric glands.
11  early acute rejection
(11 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
LAR (6 times)
AR (4 times)
ESRD (2 times)
2000 Impact of delayed graft function and acute rejection on kidney graft survival.
12  endovascular aneurysm repair
(8 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CT (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AO (1 time)
1999 Preoperative imaging of the aortoiliac anatomy in endovascular aneurysm surgery.
13  effective attraction radius
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
CRW (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1989 Effective attraction radius : A method for comparing species attractants and determining densities of flying insects.
14  early adverse reaction
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
AV (2 times)
DALY (2 times)
ICERs (2 times)
2005 Increased rates of early adverse reaction to azathioprine in patients with Crohn's disease compared to autoimmune hepatitis: a tertiary referral center experience.
15  endemics-area relationship
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
SAR (6 times)
OAR (2 times)
RSA (2 times)
2012 Geometry and scale in species-area relationships.
16  early allergic response
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LAR (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
BCG (1 time)
1994 Bronchial provocation with cat allergen: correlation between the individual IgE-CRIE pattern and the occurrence of a late allergic reaction.
17  enclosed afferent reservoir breathing system
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
VE (2 times)
Bain (1 time)
Fd (1 time)
1992 Physical characteristics of an enclosed afferent reservoir breathing system.
18  ethylene response factor-associated amphiphilic repression
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
TPD (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
DRE (1 time)
2015 Structural basis for recognition of diverse transcriptional repressors by the TOPLESS family of corepressors.
19  Effectiveness of Auditory Rehabilitation
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
SSQ (1 time)
2005 Development and validation of the effectiveness of [corrected] auditory rehabilitation scale.
20  ellipsoidal area ratio
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
FA (4 times)
DTI (2 times)
CNR (1 time)
2009 The ellipsoidal area ratio: an alternative anisotropy index for diffusion tensor imaging.
21  endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
--- 2000 Maximal aneurysm diameter follow-up is inadequate after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
22  expired air resuscitation
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CPR (2 times)
1992 A study of school students' long term retention of expired air resuscitation knowledge and skills.
23  earliest activation region
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SA (2 times)
1999 Effects of verapamil, zatebradine, and E-4031 on the pacemaker location and rate in response to sympathetic stimulation in dog hearts.
24  early allergic reaction
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LAR (2 times)
AHR (1 time)
BHR (1 time)
1991 The effect of nedocromil sodium on the early and late reaction and allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
25  early-phase airway response
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LAR (2 times)
TMA (2 times)
1998 Leflunomide, a novel immunomodulating agent, prevents the development of allergic sensitization in an animal model of allergic asthma.
26  East African cichlid radiation
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ML (1 time)
MRCA (1 time)
RAD (1 time)
2015 Lake Tanganyika--a 'melting pot' of ancient and young cichlid lineages (Teleostei: Cichlidae)?
27  East Anatolian Red
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SAR (2 times)
AB (1 time)
FASN (1 time)
2004 Fattening performance, carcass traits and meat quality characteristics of calves sired by Charolais, Simmental and Eastern Anatolian Red sires mated to Eastern Anatolian Red dams.
28  ecological acoustic recorder
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
C-POD (1 time)
2008 An ecological acoustic recorder (EAR) for long-term monitoring of biological and anthropogenic sounds on coral reefs and other marine habitats.
29  European Arthroplasty Register
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
EFORT (1 time)
2009 [The European Arthroplasty Register (EAR), development and rationale for supranational cooperation of arthroplasty registers].
30  exposure:activity ratio
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AOP (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
OCs (1 time)
2014 Interpreting estrogen screening assays in the context of potency and human exposure relative to natural exposures to phytoestrogens.
31  Extensive Amalgam Restorations
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
--- 1987 Treatment time analysis for extensive amalgam restorations.
32  extra-anatomic reconstruction
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
RI (2 times)
AGI (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2011 Early and late results of contemporary management of 37 secondary aortoenteric fistulae.
33  Early Alerting and Reporting
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
GHSI (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of epidemic intelligence systems integrated in the early alerting and reporting project for the detection of A/H5N1 influenza events.
34  early allograft rejection
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 The clinical significance of early histological rejection with or without biochemical abnormality in adult living donor liver transplantation for hepatitis B virus related end stage liver disease.
35  early-phase
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LAR (1 time)
TMA (1 time)
2003 Effect of ciclesonide on allergen challenge in subjects with bronchial asthma.
36  East African Rift
(2 times)
Anthropology
(2 times)
NVH (1 time)
2012 The Ngorongoro Volcanic Highland and its relationships to volcanic deposits at Olduvai Gorge and East African Rift volcanism.
37  enclosed afferent reservoir
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Enclosed afferent reservoir breathing systems. Description and clinical evaluation.
38  Endoaneurysmorrhaphy
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LV (1 time)
2000 [Intermediate term clinical results after endoaneurysmorrhaphy in left ventricular aneurysm].
39  endovascular aortic repair
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CSF (1 time)
CVPs (1 time)
dPAP (1 time)
1999 Endovascular aortic repair is associated with greater hemodynamic stability compared with open aortic reconstruction.
40  EPI/API ratio
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
API (2 times)
BCAA (2 times)
EPI (2 times)
2007 Estimation of protein intake using urinary urea nitrogen in patients with early-stage liver cirrhosis.
41  epilepsy-associated repeat
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BFIC (1 time)
EPTP (1 time)
2004 Molecular basis of Mendelian idiopathic epilepsies.
42  extracellular acidification
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1998 Differential agonist activity of somatostatin and L-362855 at human recombinant sst4 receptors.
43  extraordinary acoustic Raman
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Theory of Acoustic Raman Modes in Proteins.
44  bioreactors-extracellular acidification rate
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CYCL (1 time)
2000 In vitro toxicology in hepatocyte bioreactors-extracellular acidification rate (EAR) in a target cell line indicates hepato-activated transformation of substrates.
45  E wave-to-A wave ratio
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CACS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
2016 Correlation Between Diastolic Dysfunction and Coronary Artery Disease on Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography.
46  ear thermistor
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MFS (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2001 Prediction of rectal temperature from ear canal temperature.
47  early adiposity rebound
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SGA (1 time)
WtHr (1 time)
2013 Cardiovascular risk assessment in children: role of physical activity, family history and parental smoking on BMI and blood pressure.
48  early airway reaction
(1 time)
Asthma
(1 time)
HDMs (1 time)
2017 Usefulness of House Dust Mite Nasal Provocation Test in Asthma.
49  early airway response to allergen
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
sBPT (1 time)
1999 Inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate reverts tolerance to the protective effect of salmeterol on allergen challenge.
50  Early Allergic Responders unchallenged
(1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2014 Imaging Inflammation in Asthma: Real Time, Differential Tracking of Human Neutrophil and Eosinophil Migration in Allergen Challenged, Atopic Asthmatics in Vivo.
51  early amnion rupture
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
IAB (1 time)
1990 ADAM sequence and innocent amniotic band: manifestations of early amnion rupture.
52  early antidepressant response
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MDD (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2014 Predictive value of baseline resistance in early response to antidepressants.
53  early apoptotic ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
BM (1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
2015 Picroside II Inhibits Neuronal Apoptosis and Improves the Morphology and Structure of Brain Tissue following Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats.
54  early AR
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
Cdyn (1 time)
MCh (1 time)
2005 Invasive versus noninvasive measurement of allergic and cholinergic airway responsiveness in mice.
55  early cellular acute rejection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SOT (1 time)
2017 CD28 biomarker quantification and expression level profiles in CD4+ T-lymphocytes in solid organ transplantation.
56  early neuronal apoptosis percentage
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
MAG (1 time)
NBP (1 time)
2015 Effects of N-Butylphthalide on the expressions of Nogo/NgR in rat brain tissue after carbon monoxide poisoning.
57  early phase allergic reaction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LAR (1 time)
1996 [The role of cytokines and cell adhesion molecules in allergic inflammation].
58  early response
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DAR (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1990 Change in airway responsiveness to inhaled house dust from childhood to adulthood.
59  early-to-atrial peak transmitral velocity ratio
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
LVH (1 time)
1999 Why is the concentration of plasma brain natriuretic peptide in elderly inpatients greater than normal?
60  Eastern Afromontane Region
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GMYC (1 time)
2014 Evolutionary relationships, species delimitation and biogeography of Eastern Afromontane horned chameleons (Chamaeleonidae: Trioceros).
61  eastern lake region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CDOM (1 time)
MXR (1 time)
NER (1 time)
2018 Characterization of CDOM absorption of reservoirs with its linkage of regions and ages across China.
62  eastern-Africa region
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2019 Genotyping of Phytophthora infestans in Eastern Africa Reveals a Dominating Invasive European Lineage.
63  ectopic atrial rhythm
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVNRT (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2008 Ectopic atrial rhythm is a preablation predictor of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in children.
64  edematous arterial reaction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
VLDL (1 time)
1989 Preparation and evaluation of the antiatherosclerotic activity of unsymmetrical pyridinolcarbamates.
65  effective antidote response
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AVPU (1 time)
DRAMS (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2016 Validation of Criteria to Guide Prehospital Naloxone Administration for Drug-Related Altered Mental Status.
66  effective average reflectance method
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARCs (1 time)
WAR (1 time)
2014 Design multilayer antireflection coatings for terrestrial solar cells.
67  efferent acoustic reflex
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
PTCs (1 time)
2005 Effects of efferent acoustic reflex activation on psychoacoustical tuning curves in humans.
68  efferent arteriolar resistance
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AAR (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
ERPF (1 time)
2006 Conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus in chronic allograft dysfunction: changes in glomerular haemodynamics and proteinuria.
69  Efficient Actor Recovery
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
NIMF (1 time)
NMCND (1 time)
PRNFA (1 time)
2017 Efficient Actor Recovery Paradigm for Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks.
70  efficient algebraic reconstruction
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PSFs (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2006 Pinhole SPECT imaging: compact projection/backprojection operator for efficient algebraic reconstruction.
71  elastin-associated radioactivity
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LIF (1 time)
1997 Repair of elastase-digested elastic fibers in acellular matrices by replating with neonatal rat-lung lipid interstitial fibroblasts or other elastogenic cell types.
72  elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EER (1 time)
rAAA (1 time)
2013 Surgeon elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair volume and outcomes of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a 12-year nationwide study.
73  electrochemical antigen-retrieval method
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Electrochemical antigen-retrieval of formaldehyde fixed and paraffin-embedded archived leprosy skin biopsies.
74  electron attachment reaction
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MGly (1 time)
2018 Electron Attachment Reaction Ionization of Gas-Phase Methylglyoxal.
75  electron-assisted reduction
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 Immobilization of Highly Dispersed Ag Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes Using Electron-Assisted Reduction for Antibacterial Performance.
76  electronic administrative record
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
ECO (1 time)
2014 Machine-learning prediction of cancer survival: a retrospective study using electronic administrative records and a cancer registry.
77  Electronic Art Record
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2008 If Rembrandt used an EAR (Electronic Art Record) with apologies to historical accuracy.
78  electronic audio reminder
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Use of a verbal electronic audio reminder with a patient hand hygiene bundle to increase independent patient hand hygiene practices of older adults in an acute care setting.
79  electronic axial rotation
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
1986 Tracheobronchial tree and pulmonary arteries: MR imaging using electronic axial rotation.
80  electrostatic attraction region
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 The paradox of hydrogen-bonded anion-anion aggregates in oxoanions: a fundamental electrostatic problem explained in terms of electrophilicnucleophilic interactions.
81  Emancipatory Action Research
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2011 Developing the practice context to enable more effective pain management with older people: an action research approach.
82  emergency admission rate
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CWI (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
PCTs (1 time)
2012 Relationships between deprivation and duration of children's emergency admissions for breathing difficulty, feverish illness and diarrhoea in North West England: an analysis of hospital episode statistics.
83  Emergency Admission Review
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2001 Appropriateness of bed usage for inpatients admitted as emergencies to internal medicine services.
84  emergency airway registries
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
NEARIII (1 time)
PICU (1 time)
2018 [Systematic analysis of airway registries in emergency medicine].
85  emergency hospital admission rates
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CWI (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
PCTs (1 time)
2011 Childhood disadvantage and emergency admission rates for common presentations in London: an exploratory analysis.
86  emotional attention regulation
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
EI (1 time)
2017 Validating emotional attention regulation as a component of emotional intelligence: A Stroop approach to individual differences in tuning in to and out of nonverbal cues.
87  endogenous agitation reduction
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
RAND (1 time)
2006 Physiological modelling of agitation-sedation dynamics including endogenous agitation reduction.
88  endogenous antioxidant response
(1 time)
Neuropharmacology
(1 time)
HAND (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2018 Differential Effects of Antiretroviral Drugs on Neurons In Vitro: Roles for Oxidative Stress and Integrated Stress Response.
89  endovascular aortic aneurysm repair
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Secondary procedures after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.
90  endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2004 Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the octogenarian.
91  energy for normal children
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
EARw (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2005 Measured versus predicted energy expenditure in children with inactive Crohn's disease.
92  Entity Acceptance Rate
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
OL (1 time)
2013 Formative evaluation of ontology learning methods for entity discovery by using existing ontologies as reference standards.
93  Epitope-antibody-reactivities
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
IVIGs (1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2013 Epitope predictions indicate the presence of two distinct types of epitope-antibody-reactivities determined by epitope profiling of intravenous immunoglobulins.
94  epitope-antibody-recognitions
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CENP-A (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2012 Computational analysis of high-density peptide microarray data with application from systemic sclerosis to multiple sclerosis.
95  equivalent average rate
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DDD (1 time)
1994 Age standardisation of drug utilisation: comparisons of different methods using cardiovascular drug data from Sweden and Spain.
96  erythrocyte aggregation rate
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
1999 Determination of erythrocyte aggregation.
97  erythrocyte aldose reductase
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
beta2-MG (1 time)
DN (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2004 [Effect of liuwei dihuang pill on erythrocyte aldose reductase activity in early diabetic nephropathy patients].
98  escape-and-radiate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Reciprocal diversification in a complex plant-herbivore-parasitoid food web.
99  espA activating region
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Long-range transcriptional control of an operon necessary for virulence-critical ESX-1 secretion in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
100  estimated annual rate
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2004 Outcomes of assertive community treatment in an NGRI conditional release program.