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Abbreviation: EC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endothelial cells
(5708 times)
Cell Biology
(769 times)
SMC (325 times)
VEGF (291 times)
HUVEC (231 times)
1978 Ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured endothelial cells stimulated by serum, thrombin and serotonin.
endometrial cancer
(1042 times)
Neoplasms
(623 times)
OS (58 times)
CI (55 times)
BMI (48 times)
1986 Endometrial cancer and its precursors: a comparison of histological and clinical features.
embryonal carcinoma
(829 times)
Cell Biology
(267 times)
RA (149 times)
ES (125 times)
YST (20 times)
1976 Cell lines derived from teratocarcinomas.
esophageal cancer
(779 times)
Neoplasms
(308 times)
ESCC (87 times)
OS (75 times)
CI (61 times)
1982 Diet and vitamin nutrition of the high esophageal cancer risk population in Linxian, China.
electrical conductivity
(686 times)
Environmental Health
(438 times)
TDS (71 times)
DO (49 times)
TN (49 times)
1981 The detection of mastitis in individual quarters using electrical conductivity or somatic cell concentration.
elemental carbon
(649 times)
Environmental Health
(562 times)
OC (418 times)
PM (88 times)
TC (50 times)
1997 International round robin tests on the measurement of carbon in diesel exhaust particulates.
entorhinal cortex
(644 times)
Neurology
(337 times)
AD (91 times)
DG (71 times)
LTP (22 times)
1977 Behavioral correlates of denervation and reinnervation of the hippocampal formation of the rat: recovery of alternation performance following unilateral entorhinal cortex lesions.
emergency contraception
(502 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(188 times)
LNG (49 times)
UPA (39 times)
IUD (25 times)
1997 Knowledge and use of hormonal emergency contraception in Finland.
endometrial carcinoma
(485 times)
Neoplasms
(253 times)
OS (38 times)
IHC (21 times)
AH (17 times)
1979 Evaluation of the carcinogenic effects of estrogens, progestins and oral contraceptives on cervix, uterus and ovary of animals and man.
10  ethyl cellulose
(399 times)
Pharmacology
(208 times)
HPMC (56 times)
PVP (24 times)
HPC (21 times)
1982 Release kinetics of sparingly soluble drugs from ethyl cellulose-walled microcapsules: salicylamide microcapsules.
11  Escherichia coli
(306 times)
Molecular Biology
(81 times)
SA (33 times)
aa (28 times)
St (21 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
12  electrocoagulation
(254 times)
Environmental Health
(174 times)
COD (44 times)
TOC (13 times)
EF (12 times)
1983 Ontogeny of hypothalamus-pituitary function in the fetal pig: gonadotropin release in response to electrical and electrochemical stimulation of the hypothalamus.
13  eyes closed
(250 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
EO (219 times)
COP (42 times)
AP (22 times)
1979 Measurement of eye deviation under the nonfixative condition in patients with peripheral labyrinthine disorders, especially Meniere's disease.
14  enterochromaffin
(242 times)
Gastroenterology
(56 times)
GI (30 times)
5-HT (23 times)
SERT (15 times)
1974 Cellular localization of a vasoactive intestinal peptide in the mammalian and avian gastrointestinal tract.
15  electrochemical
(234 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(86 times)
HPLC (28 times)
CE (21 times)
LC (10 times)
1983 High-performance liquid chromatography of preparations of ribonucleic acid inactivator(s) from cupric ion and hydroquinone before and after treatment with histidine.
16  (-)-epicatechin
(230 times)
Biochemistry
(57 times)
EGCG (135 times)
EGC (124 times)
ECG (110 times)
1988 Interaction of epicatechins derived from green tea with rat hepatic cytochrome P-450.
17  European Commission
(229 times)
Toxicology
(29 times)
EU (23 times)
WHO (10 times)
EFSA (4 times)
1991 Proposals for European Commission guidelines in the use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to evaluate antihypertensive drugs.
18  extracellular
(189 times)
Biochemistry
(28 times)
IC (36 times)
TM (24 times)
SOD (13 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
19  epicatechin
(184 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(42 times)
EGCG (113 times)
EGC (93 times)
ECG (87 times)
1997 Inhibitory effects of jasmine green tea epicatechin isomers on free radical-induced lysis of red blood cells.
20  epidermal cells
(172 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(74 times)
LC (85 times)
APC (12 times)
CTL (12 times)
1981 Cell surface expression of I-A products is required for contact sensitivity induction by trinitrophenyl-coupled epidermal cells.
21  European Community
(171 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
WHO (9 times)
FDA (4 times)
CPMP (3 times)
1982 The economic effects of international migration: a survey.
22  Euro-Collins
(158 times)
Transplantation
(54 times)
UW (81 times)
HTK (12 times)
LPD (9 times)
1982 Successful 24-hour preservation of the ischemic canine kidney with Euro-Collins solution.
23  energy charge
(147 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
ATP (19 times)
TAN (15 times)
HPLC (12 times)
1977 Biosynthesis of aflatoxins.
24  esophageal carcinoma
(145 times)
Neoplasms
(61 times)
ESCC (17 times)
OS (17 times)
HPV (11 times)
1985 Brush cytology for the early detection of esophageal carcinoma among patients with upper aerodigestive malignancies.
25  ethylene carbonate
(122 times)
Chemistry
(71 times)
PC (23 times)
SEI (21 times)
DMC (20 times)
1982 Acute dermal toxicity of two quarternary organophosphonium salts in the rabbit.
26  ethyl carbamate
(113 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
VC (10 times)
LOD (5 times)
MC (5 times)
1984 Rodent species and strain specificities for sister-chromatid exchange induction and gene mutagenesis effects from ethyl carbamate, ethyl N-hydroxycarbamate, and vinyl carbamate.
27  effortful control
(112 times)
Psychology
(53 times)
NA (15 times)
NE (7 times)
ASD (6 times)
1999 Regulation, emotionality, and preschoolers' socially competent peer interactions.
28  endocannabinoid
(107 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
AEA (33 times)
2-AG (29 times)
CB1 (15 times)
2004 Involvement of cannabinoid receptors in gut motility and visceral perception.
29  Enzyme Commission
(103 times)
Medical Informatics
(28 times)
GO (14 times)
KEGG (7 times)
COG (3 times)
1990 Fluorometric determination of pseudocholinesterase activity in postmortem blood samples.
30  elimination capacity
(82 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
RE (25 times)
EBRT (17 times)
BTF (8 times)
1994 Effects of deep breaths on subsequent ventilation in man during rest and exercise.
31  emulsifiable concentrate
(75 times)
Zoology
(14 times)
WP (16 times)
AI (9 times)
SC (8 times)
1970 Effects of a herbicide, 2-ethyl hexyl ester of 2,4-D on magnesium: Calcium ratios and blood urea nitrogen levels in sheep and cattle.
32  electronic cigarette
(72 times)
Public Health
(18 times)
CC (4 times)
CI (2 times)
MCT (2 times)
2012 Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette.
33  epirubicin and cyclophosphamide
(72 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
pCR (10 times)
OS (8 times)
CMF (7 times)
1996 Blood coagulation during adjuvant epirubicin/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy in patients with primary operable breast cancer.
34  evaluative conditioning
(72 times)
Psychology
(59 times)
US (17 times)
CS (15 times)
AARR (1 time)
1994 Is evaluative conditioning a qualitatively distinct form of classical conditioning?
35  esterified cholesterol
(70 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
TG (23 times)
FC (17 times)
PL (11 times)
1976 Cellular cholesterol ester accumulation induced by free cholesterol-rich lipid dispersions.
36  enriched condition
(69 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(20 times)
IC (45 times)
SC (21 times)
DA (8 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
37  Eosinophilic cystitis
(62 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EG (5 times)
EGID (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1990 [Eosinophilic cystitis. Apropos of a case].
38  executive control
(60 times)
Psychology
(21 times)
ANT (7 times)
BLC (4 times)
WM (4 times)
2003 [Inhibition and working memory: effect of acute sleep deprivation on a random letter generation task].
39  electrochromic
(58 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(22 times)
ITO (7 times)
PEDOT (5 times)
ECDs (4 times)
2007 The stoichiometry of the two photosystems in higher plants revisited.
40  elite controllers
(58 times)
Virology
(18 times)
ART (7 times)
LTNP (7 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
2007 CD8+ T cells from SIV elite controller macaques recognize Mamu-B*08-bound epitopes and select for widespread viral variation.
41  electrochemistry
(57 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(39 times)
MS (22 times)
LC (14 times)
ESI-MS (7 times)
1982 Use of liquid chromatography with electrochemistry to measure effects of varying intensities of white light on DOPA accumulation in rat retinas.
42  eddy covariance
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
ET (13 times)
GPP (10 times)
LE (5 times)
2007 Changes in net ecosystem productivity with forest age following clearcutting of a coastal Douglas-fir forest: testing a mathematical model with eddy covariance measurements along a forest chronosequence.
43  extracorporeal circulation
(55 times)
Anesthesiology
(22 times)
HD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
1982 [Diuresis as an index of the circulatory status during open-heart operations].
44  effective concentration
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
CI (2 times)
CL (2 times)
CQ (2 times)
1981 Unaltered membrane properties of arterial muscle in Dahl strain genetic hypertension.
45  electrical cardioversion
(50 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
AF (41 times)
CRP (5 times)
PC (5 times)
1993 [Magnesium protects myocardium during electric cardioversion but does not increase effectiveness].
46  Euro-Collins solution
(48 times)
Transplantation
(22 times)
UW (17 times)
ATP (7 times)
PFC (7 times)
1985 Flush solution 2, a new concept for one-to-three-day hypothermic renal storage preservation. Functional recovery after preservation in Euro-Collins, Collins' C2, hypertonic citrate, and F.2 solution.
47  enteric-coated
(47 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
GI (4 times)
IR (4 times)
MPA (3 times)
1980 Meal-dependent absorption of enteric-coated sodium valproate.
48  epicutaneous
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
OVA (13 times)
AD (8 times)
CS (8 times)
1995 The development and course of test reactions to gold sodium thiosulfate.
49  elongation complex
(45 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
RNAP (18 times)
Pol II (4 times)
IC (3 times)
1993 Termination and slippage by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase.
50  enterochromaffin cells
(43 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
ECL (4 times)
5-HT (3 times)
GI (3 times)
1966 [Current concepts on normal and pathological enterochromaffin cells (E.C.)].
51  exercise capacity
(41 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LV (6 times)
CR (5 times)
MI (5 times)
1984 [Exercise testing in patients with the sick sinus syndrome].
52  ethylenedicysteine
(40 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
OIH (3 times)
DMSA (2 times)
DTPA (2 times)
1995 Evaluation of technetium-99m-ethylenedicysteine in renal disorders and determination of extraction ratio.
53  E. coli
(38 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
PA (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1986 A most primitive primodial gene as a building block of the genes for the adenylate kinase, F1-ATPase subunits (epsilon and gamma), aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, and core enzyme subunits.
54  effective connectivity
(37 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
FC (11 times)
fMRI (7 times)
AD (4 times)
2009 Abnormal amygdala-prefrontal effective connectivity to happy faces differentiates bipolar from major depression.
55  external capsule
(37 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
FA (13 times)
DTI (12 times)
WM (11 times)
1990 Long-term synaptic potentiation in the amygdala.
56  electron capture
(36 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
MS (6 times)
GC (5 times)
APCI (4 times)
1975 Confirmation of pesticide residue identity: part IX. Organophosphorus pesticides.
57  Ethics Committee
(36 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
FDA (2 times)
GCP (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
1999 Conducting clinical trials in Singapore.
58  embryogenic callus
(35 times)
Botany
(15 times)
SE (15 times)
NEC (12 times)
iTRAQ (2 times)
1995 Differences in pectic polysaccharides between carrot embryogenic and non-embryogenic calli.
59  energy cost
(35 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
CP (6 times)
HR (4 times)
RPE (4 times)
2000 Energy cost and cardiorespiratory demands of nunchaku exercise.
60  emergency center
(34 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
KATH (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
1989 The assessment and treatment of pain in the emergency room.
61  Emphysematous cystitis
(33 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CT (7 times)
EP (3 times)
EPN (2 times)
1992 Emphysematous cystitis due to Clostridium perfringens and Candida albicans in two patients with hematologic malignant conditions.
62  elderly controls
(32 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AD (20 times)
MCI (7 times)
YC (7 times)
1991 Long-term retention of implicitly acquired learning in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
63  epidermoid cyst
(30 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
SCC (4 times)
CT (3 times)
DWI (2 times)
1987 MR imaging of epidermoid cysts.
64  electrocautery
(28 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
HS (6 times)
EMG (2 times)
UC (2 times)
1993 Transaxillary endoscopic sympathectomy--a report of experience in 150 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
65  eccentric contraction
(27 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
CC (4 times)
mTOR (3 times)
SAC (3 times)
1991 Muscle damage induced by eccentric contractions of 25% strain.
66  echocardiography
(27 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
LV (5 times)
CDH (3 times)
EF (3 times)
1980 [Functional evaluation of pancreas cystic fibrosis. Correlations and value of the echocardiogram versus other methods (author's transl)].
67  extracranial
(27 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
i.c (18 times)
IC (3 times)
MRA (3 times)
1993 MRA in the evaluation of EC-IC bypass patency.
68  eigenvector centrality
(26 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
DC (8 times)
BC (6 times)
CC (6 times)
2011 A local average connectivity-based method for identifying essential proteins from the network level.
69  enriched
(25 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
SC (5 times)
PFC (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1975 Differences in occipital cortical synapses from environmentally enriched, impoverished, and standard colony rats.
70  extracellular cadherin
(24 times)
Science
(7 times)
CDH23 (7 times)
PCDH15 (4 times)
CD (1 time)
2001 Multiple cadherin extracellular repeats mediate homophilic binding and adhesion.
71  energy consumption
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
CEA (6 times)
Ea (3 times)
LPO (3 times)
1982 [Detection of the early signs of heart failure in diabetes mellitus].
72  exercise control
(20 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
SC (14 times)
SD (6 times)
ED (5 times)
1977 Effects of exercise on the severity of isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction.
73  experimental allergic conjunctivitis
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
RW (17 times)
WT (4 times)
nrIgG (3 times)
2005 The interaction between ICOS and B7RP-1 is not required for the development of experimental murine allergic conjunctivitis.
74  E-cadherin
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IDC (4 times)
IHC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1997 Decreased expression of alpha-catenin is associated with poor prognosis of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma.
75  effector cells
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
TC (16 times)
NK (9 times)
CMC (7 times)
1976 Disease and non-disease-related cell-mediated cytotoxicity in humans.
76  electroconvection
(19 times)
Physics
(12 times)
ns-EC (3 times)
s-EC (2 times)
TWs (2 times)
1990 Effect of electroconvulsions on leucocyte counts.
77  emotional competence
(19 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CAQ (1 time)
CSQ-R (1 time)
EI (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of the NASA/JSC Health Related Fitness Program.
78  leukocyte-endothelial cell
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
ICAM-1 (4 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
LFA-1 (2 times)
1987 Superinduction of T lymphocyte-endothelial cell (EC) binding by treatment of EC with interleukin 1 and protein synthesis inhibitors.
79  endocytoscopy
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
CAD (2 times)
OR (2 times)
UC (2 times)
2009 Endocytoscopy for the detection of microstructural features in adult patients with celiac sprue: a prospective, blinded endocytoscopy-conventional histology correlation study.
80  evolutionary computation
(18 times)
Biology
(5 times)
GRN (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
0 Studying Collective Human Decision Making and Creativity with Evolutionary Computation.
81  experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
OVA (9 times)
BN (8 times)
RW (8 times)
1999 Genetic background determines the nature of immune responses and experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC).
82  early cancer
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(13 times)
BE (9 times)
HGD (9 times)
ER (5 times)
1981 [Multicentric early cancer of the stomach (author's transl)].
83  Ecklonia cava
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2006 Phlorotannins in Ecklonia cava extract inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity.
84  empathic concern
(17 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
PD (8 times)
PT (7 times)
IRI (2 times)
1990 Empathy in clinical dietitians and dietetic interns.
85  emulsion capacity
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
ES (7 times)
WHC (6 times)
EA (2 times)
1985 Effect of salt and phosphate on the quality of Buffalo and Goat meats.
86  ear canal
(16 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
TM (8 times)
MEC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1990 Effects of electrode placement on the auditory brainstem response using ear canal electrodes.
87  endemic controls
(16 times)
Tropical Medicine
(7 times)
HHC (6 times)
MB (6 times)
PB (4 times)
1996 Erythema nodosum leprosum is associated with up-regulation of polyclonal IgG1 antibody synthesis.
88  endocrine cells
(16 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CgA (2 times)
FSC (2 times)
VEGF (2 times)
1984 Immunohistochemistry of folliculo-stellate cells in normal human adenohypophyses and in pituitary adenomas.
89  evening complex
(16 times)
Botany
(10 times)
PIF4 (4 times)
ELF3 (3 times)
phyB (3 times)
2012 ELF3 recruitment to the PRR9 promoter requires other Evening Complex members in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
90  early cleavage
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
ICSI (4 times)
NEC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
1997 A prospective evaluation of cryopreservation strategies in a two-embryo transfer programme.
91  elemental composition
(15 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
RED (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
1979 Muscle tension and experienced control: effects of alcohol intake vs biofeedback on alcoholics and non-alcoholics.
92  enterocolitis
(15 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
HD (12 times)
GE (2 times)
IND (2 times)
1993 Regional reduction in intestinal neuroendocrine cell populations in enterocolitis complicating Hirschsprung's disease.
93  eosinophil count
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ECP (3 times)
PC (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1982 Immune responses of swine to oral inoculation with embryonated eggs of Ascaris suum.
94  esophageal candidiasis
(15 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
HIV (5 times)
OPC (5 times)
AE (2 times)
1991 [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the province of Cadiz. A study of 269 consecutive patients].
95  e-cigarette
(14 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
CC (4 times)
LOD (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2015 Licit and Illicit Substance Use by Adolescent E-Cigarette Users Compared with Conventional Cigarette Smokers, Dual Users, and Nonusers.
96  electrical cardiometry
(14 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CO (11 times)
CI (4 times)
SV (3 times)
2013 Cardiac parameters in children recovered from acute illness as measured by electrical cardiometry and comparisons to the literature.
97  endochondral
(14 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
IM (14 times)
DBM (4 times)
ABG (1 time)
1991 The matrix of endochondral bone differs from the matrix of intramembranous bone.
98  entorhinal cortical
(14 times)
Brain
(5 times)
DG (4 times)
LTP (4 times)
SC (2 times)
1979 Synapses as associative memory elements in the hippocampal formation.
99  electrochemical-chemical
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
ITO (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1A2N (1 time)
2006 Probing the mechanism of hypoxia selectivity of copper bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes: DFT calculation of redox potentials and absolute acidities in solution.
100  electronic cleansing
(13 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CTC (9 times)
CT (3 times)
ST (2 times)
2008 Structure-analysis method for electronic cleansing in cathartic and noncathartic CT colonography.