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Abbreviation: EC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endothelial cells
(6601 times)
Cell Biology
(845 times)
SMC (369 times)
VEGF (342 times)
HUVEC (254 times)
1978 Ornithine decarboxylase activity in cultured endothelial cells stimulated by serum, thrombin and serotonin.
endometrial cancer
(2131 times)
Neoplasms
(1057 times)
OS (161 times)
CI (101 times)
BMI (82 times)
1986 Endometrial cancer and its precursors: a comparison of histological and clinical features.
esophageal cancer
(1471 times)
Neoplasms
(590 times)
OS (194 times)
ESCC (179 times)
CI (106 times)
1982 Diet and vitamin nutrition of the high esophageal cancer risk population in Linxian, China.
electrical conductivity
(1194 times)
Environmental Health
(755 times)
TDS (145 times)
TN (99 times)
DO (97 times)
1981 The detection of mastitis in individual quarters using electrical conductivity or somatic cell concentration.
elemental carbon
(913 times)
Environmental Health
(776 times)
OC (601 times)
PM (121 times)
SOC (74 times)
1997 International round robin tests on the measurement of carbon in diesel exhaust particulates.
embryonal carcinoma
(857 times)
Cell Biology
(267 times)
RA (149 times)
ES (125 times)
YST (25 times)
1976 Cell lines derived from teratocarcinomas.
endometrial carcinoma
(817 times)
Neoplasms
(355 times)
OS (69 times)
IHC (35 times)
FIGO (27 times)
1979 Evaluation of the carcinogenic effects of estrogens, progestins and oral contraceptives on cervix, uterus and ovary of animals and man.
entorhinal cortex
(762 times)
Neurology
(373 times)
AD (135 times)
DG (85 times)
LTP (27 times)
1977 Behavioral correlates of denervation and reinnervation of the hippocampal formation of the rat: recovery of alternation performance following unilateral entorhinal cortex lesions.
emergency contraception
(581 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(211 times)
LNG (59 times)
UPA (50 times)
IUD (26 times)
1997 Knowledge and use of hormonal emergency contraception in Finland.
10  ethyl cellulose
(508 times)
Pharmacology
(227 times)
HPMC (65 times)
PVP (32 times)
SEM (31 times)
1982 Release kinetics of sparingly soluble drugs from ethyl cellulose-walled microcapsules: salicylamide microcapsules.
11  electrocoagulation
(381 times)
Environmental Health
(274 times)
COD (67 times)
TOC (22 times)
EF (19 times)
1983 Ontogeny of hypothalamus-pituitary function in the fetal pig: gonadotropin release in response to electrical and electrochemical stimulation of the hypothalamus.
12  Escherichia coli
(371 times)
Molecular Biology
(84 times)
SA (41 times)
aa (29 times)
PA (27 times)
1974 Infectious bronchitis and mixed infections of Mycoplasma synoviae and Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chickens. I. Synergistic role in the airsacculitis syndrome.
13  eyes closed
(363 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
EO (320 times)
COP (66 times)
EEG (33 times)
1979 Measurement of eye deviation under the nonfixative condition in patients with peripheral labyrinthine disorders, especially Meniere's disease.
14  ethylene carbonate
(344 times)
Chemistry
(125 times)
PC (37 times)
SEI (37 times)
DMC (27 times)
1982 Acute dermal toxicity of two quarternary organophosphonium salts in the rabbit.
15  electrochemical
(333 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(103 times)
HPLC (28 times)
PEC (26 times)
CE (22 times)
1983 High-performance liquid chromatography of preparations of ribonucleic acid inactivator(s) from cupric ion and hydroquinone before and after treatment with histidine.
16  European Commission
(301 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
EU (33 times)
WHO (16 times)
FDA (10 times)
1991 Proposals for European Commission guidelines in the use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring to evaluate antihypertensive drugs.
17  enterochromaffin
(277 times)
Gastroenterology
(64 times)
GI (34 times)
5-HT (28 times)
SERT (18 times)
1974 Cellular localization of a vasoactive intestinal peptide in the mammalian and avian gastrointestinal tract.
18  (-)-epicatechin
(274 times)
Biochemistry
(66 times)
EGCG (148 times)
EGC (134 times)
ECG (119 times)
1988 Interaction of epicatechins derived from green tea with rat hepatic cytochrome P-450.
19  epicatechin
(237 times)
Chemistry
(56 times)
EGCG (135 times)
EGC (115 times)
ECG (106 times)
1997 Inhibitory effects of jasmine green tea epicatechin isomers on free radical-induced lysis of red blood cells.
20  esophageal carcinoma
(234 times)
Neoplasms
(91 times)
OS (34 times)
ESCC (29 times)
CI (12 times)
1985 Brush cytology for the early detection of esophageal carcinoma among patients with upper aerodigestive malignancies.
21  extracellular
(202 times)
Biochemistry
(32 times)
IC (39 times)
TM (26 times)
SOD (13 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
22  European Community
(174 times)
Environmental Health
(29 times)
WHO (9 times)
FDA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1982 The economic effects of international migration: a survey.
23  epidermal cells
(173 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(74 times)
LC (85 times)
APC (12 times)
CTL (12 times)
1981 Cell surface expression of I-A products is required for contact sensitivity induction by trinitrophenyl-coupled epidermal cells.
24  energy charge
(159 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
ATP (27 times)
TAN (15 times)
ADP (14 times)
1977 Biosynthesis of aflatoxins.
25  Euro-Collins
(159 times)
Transplantation
(55 times)
UW (81 times)
HTK (12 times)
LPD (9 times)
1982 Successful 24-hour preservation of the ischemic canine kidney with Euro-Collins solution.
26  electronic cigarette
(155 times)
Public Health
(30 times)
CC (14 times)
TC (9 times)
CI (6 times)
2012 Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette.
27  effortful control
(149 times)
Psychology
(74 times)
NA (19 times)
EF (13 times)
NE (9 times)
1999 Regulation, emotionality, and preschoolers' socially competent peer interactions.
28  endocannabinoid
(136 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
AEA (41 times)
2-AG (39 times)
CB1 (16 times)
2004 Involvement of cannabinoid receptors in gut motility and visceral perception.
29  Enzyme Commission
(121 times)
Medical Informatics
(34 times)
GO (18 times)
KEGG (8 times)
COG (3 times)
1990 Fluorometric determination of pseudocholinesterase activity in postmortem blood samples.
30  eddy covariance
(117 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
ET (26 times)
GPP (23 times)
NEE (11 times)
2006 Changes in net ecosystem productivity with forest age following clearcutting of a coastal Douglas-fir forest: testing a mathematical model with eddy covariance measurements along a forest chronosequence.
31  electrochromic
(110 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(43 times)
ITO (15 times)
ECDs (14 times)
PEDOT (8 times)
2007 The stoichiometry of the two photosystems in higher plants revisited.
32  elimination capacity
(109 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
RE (37 times)
EBRT (21 times)
BTF (17 times)
1994 Effects of deep breaths on subsequent ventilation in man during rest and exercise.
33  effective connectivity
(104 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
FC (25 times)
DMN (18 times)
fMRI (18 times)
2009 Abnormal amygdala-prefrontal effective connectivity to happy faces differentiates bipolar from major depression.
34  evaluative conditioning
(98 times)
Psychology
(75 times)
US (20 times)
CS (19 times)
CBM (2 times)
1994 Is evaluative conditioning a qualitatively distinct form of classical conditioning?
35  emulsifiable concentrate
(96 times)
Toxicology
(18 times)
WP (16 times)
SC (12 times)
a.i (9 times)
1970 Effects of a herbicide, 2-ethyl hexyl ester of 2,4-D on magnesium: Calcium ratios and blood urea nitrogen levels in sheep and cattle.
36  enriched condition
(92 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(21 times)
IC (47 times)
SC (25 times)
DA (8 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
37  Eosinophilic cystitis
(90 times)
Urology
(15 times)
EG (10 times)
EoE (8 times)
EGE (7 times)
1990 [Eosinophilic cystitis. Apropos of a case].
38  epirubicin and cyclophosphamide
(86 times)
Neoplasms
(77 times)
pCR (10 times)
OS (8 times)
CI (7 times)
1996 Blood coagulation during adjuvant epirubicin/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy in patients with primary operable breast cancer.
39  electrochemistry
(83 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(45 times)
MS (27 times)
LC (19 times)
ESI-MS (8 times)
1982 Use of liquid chromatography with electrochemistry to measure effects of varying intensities of white light on DOPA accumulation in rat retinas.
40  elite controllers
(79 times)
Virology
(22 times)
ART (12 times)
HIV-1 (7 times)
LTNP (7 times)
2007 CD8+ T cells from SIV elite controller macaques recognize Mamu-B*08-bound epitopes and select for widespread viral variation.
41  executive control
(77 times)
Psychology
(24 times)
ANT (7 times)
WM (6 times)
ASD (4 times)
2004 [Inhibition and working memory: effect of acute sleep deprivation on a random letter generation task].
42  esterified cholesterol
(73 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
TG (24 times)
FC (18 times)
TC (13 times)
1976 Cellular cholesterol ester accumulation induced by free cholesterol-rich lipid dispersions.
43  effective concentration
(66 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
CI (2 times)
CL (2 times)
CQ (2 times)
1981 Unaltered membrane properties of arterial muscle in Dahl strain genetic hypertension.
44  exercise capacity
(65 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
CR (11 times)
CAD (8 times)
6MWT (6 times)
1984 [Exercise testing in patients with the sick sinus syndrome].
45  embryogenic callus
(61 times)
Botany
(21 times)
SE (29 times)
NEC (20 times)
DEGs (6 times)
1995 Differences in pectic polysaccharides between carrot embryogenic and non-embryogenic calli.
46  extracorporeal circulation
(60 times)
Anesthesiology
(23 times)
HD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
1982 [Diuresis as an index of the circulatory status during open-heart operations].
47  emergency center
(59 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LMIC (4 times)
OR (4 times)
EM (3 times)
1989 The assessment and treatment of pain in the emergency room.
48  Emphysematous cystitis
(59 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
CT (11 times)
EPN (10 times)
UTI (5 times)
1992 Emphysematous cystitis due to Clostridium perfringens and Candida albicans in two patients with hematologic malignant conditions.
49  energy consumption
(56 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
CEA (7 times)
Ea (5 times)
ED (4 times)
1982 [Detection of the early signs of heart failure in diabetes mellitus].
50  electrical cardioversion
(55 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
AF (45 times)
CRP (5 times)
PC (5 times)
1993 [Magnesium protects myocardium during electric cardioversion but does not increase effectiveness].
51  enteric-coated
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
GI (4 times)
IR (4 times)
TX (4 times)
1980 Meal-dependent absorption of enteric-coated sodium valproate.
52  e-cigarette
(53 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(14 times)
CC (7 times)
NRT (4 times)
TC (4 times)
2015 Licit and Illicit Substance Use by Adolescent E-Cigarette Users Compared with Conventional Cigarette Smokers, Dual Users, and Nonusers.
53  ethics committee
(53 times)
Medicine
(23 times)
IRB (5 times)
CPP (2 times)
FDA (2 times)
1999 Conducting clinical trials in Singapore.
54  epicutaneous
(52 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
OVA (14 times)
AD (10 times)
CS (8 times)
1995 The development and course of test reactions to gold sodium thiosulfate.
55  external capsule
(51 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
FA (17 times)
DTI (16 times)
WM (16 times)
1990 Long-term synaptic potentiation in the amygdala.
56  elongation complex
(50 times)
Molecular Biology
(16 times)
RNAP (18 times)
Pol II (6 times)
IC (3 times)
1993 Termination and slippage by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase.
57  Euro-Collins solution
(49 times)
Transplantation
(22 times)
UW (17 times)
ATP (7 times)
PFC (7 times)
1985 Flush solution 2, a new concept for one-to-three-day hypothermic renal storage preservation. Functional recovery after preservation in Euro-Collins, Collins' C2, hypertonic citrate, and F.2 solution.
58  E. coli
(45 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
PA (4 times)
STEC (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1986 A most primitive primodial gene as a building block of the genes for the adenylate kinase, F1-ATPase subunits (epsilon and gamma), aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, and core enzyme subunits.
59  electrocautery
(45 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
HS (6 times)
ECFC (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1993 Transaxillary endoscopic sympathectomy--a report of experience in 150 patients with palmar hyperhidrosis.
60  enterochromaffin cells
(45 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
ECL (4 times)
5-HT (3 times)
GI (3 times)
1966 [Current concepts on normal and pathological enterochromaffin cells (E.C.)].
61  eigenvector centrality
(44 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(8 times)
DC (12 times)
BC (10 times)
CC (9 times)
2011 A local average connectivity-based method for identifying essential proteins from the network level.
62  epidermoid cyst
(44 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
SCC (4 times)
CT (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1987 MR imaging of epidermoid cysts.
63  ethylene dicysteine
(42 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
IVU (3 times)
OIH (3 times)
DMSA (2 times)
1995 Evaluation of technetium-99m-ethylenedicysteine in renal disorders and determination of extraction ratio.
64  electron capture
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
MS (6 times)
GC (5 times)
APCI (4 times)
1975 Confirmation of pesticide residue identity: part IX. Organophosphorus pesticides.
65  energy cost
(39 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
CP (6 times)
HR (6 times)
RPE (4 times)
2000 Energy cost and cardiorespiratory demands of nunchaku exercise.
66  elderly controls
(35 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AD (22 times)
MCI (9 times)
YC (9 times)
1991 Long-term retention of implicitly acquired learning in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
67  evening complex
(33 times)
Botany
(14 times)
ELF3 (11 times)
LUX (8 times)
PIF4 (5 times)
2012 ELF3 recruitment to the PRR9 promoter requires other Evening Complex members in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
68  extracellular cadherin
(33 times)
Science
(10 times)
CDH23 (7 times)
PCDH15 (4 times)
CD (1 time)
2001 Multiple cadherin extracellular repeats mediate homophilic binding and adhesion.
69  extracranial
(33 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IC (26 times)
MRA (3 times)
IS (2 times)
1993 MRA in the evaluation of EC-IC bypass patency.
70  eccentric contraction
(32 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
CC (5 times)
SAC (4 times)
mTOR (3 times)
1991 Muscle damage induced by eccentric contractions of 25% strain.
71  emotional competence
(32 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
PEC (5 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of the NASA/JSC Health Related Fitness Program.
72  empathic concern
(30 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
PT (16 times)
PD (11 times)
IRI (6 times)
1990 Empathy in clinical dietitians and dietetic interns.
73  echocardiography
(29 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
LV (5 times)
CDH (3 times)
EF (3 times)
1980 [Functional evaluation of pancreas cystic fibrosis. Correlations and value of the echocardiogram versus other methods (author's transl)].
74  endometrial adenocarcinoma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
BMI (2 times)
CSS (2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
1989 [Diagnosis and treatment of endometrial hyperplasia].
75  enriched
(29 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
SC (8 times)
IC (3 times)
PFC (3 times)
1975 Differences in occipital cortical synapses from environmentally enriched, impoverished, and standard colony rats.
76  evolutionary computation
(26 times)
Biology
(6 times)
GRN (2 times)
AE (1 time)
AGLDPSO (1 time)
2000 Embodiment of evolutionary computation in general agents.
77  electrical cardiometry
(25 times)
Perinatology
(7 times)
CO (16 times)
CI (5 times)
SV (5 times)
2012 Cardiac parameters in children recovered from acute illness as measured by electrical cardiometry and comparisons to the literature.
78  Endocytoscopy
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(15 times)
AI (3 times)
CAD (3 times)
NBI (3 times)
2009 Endocytoscopy for the detection of microstructural features in adult patients with celiac sprue: a prospective, blinded endocytoscopy-conventional histology correlation study.
79  ear canal
(24 times)
Audiology
(11 times)
TM (9 times)
ME (2 times)
MEC (2 times)
1990 Effects of electrode placement on the auditory brainstem response using ear canal electrodes.
80  electroconvection
(24 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
ns-EC (3 times)
s-EC (2 times)
TWs (2 times)
1990 Effect of electroconvulsions on leucocyte counts.
81  emulsion capacity
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
ES (9 times)
WHC (8 times)
OHC (4 times)
1985 Effect of salt and phosphate on the quality of Buffalo and Goat meats.
82  elemental composition
(23 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
RED (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
CC (2 times)
1979 Muscle tension and experienced control: effects of alcohol intake vs biofeedback on alcoholics and non-alcoholics.
83  exercise control
(23 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
SC (14 times)
SD (6 times)
ED (5 times)
1977 Effects of exercise on the severity of isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction.
84  electrocaloric
(21 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(6 times)
ECE (4 times)
AFE (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2016 Large electrocaloric effects in single-crystal ammonium sulfate.
85  eosinophil count
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ECP (4 times)
PC (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1982 Immune responses of swine to oral inoculation with embryonated eggs of Ascaris suum.
86  E-cadherin
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IDC (4 times)
IHC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
1997 Decreased expression of alpha-catenin is associated with poor prognosis of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma.
87  early cleavage
(20 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
ICSI (4 times)
NEC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
1997 A prospective evaluation of cryopreservation strategies in a two-embryo transfer programme.
88  effector cells
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
TC (16 times)
NK (9 times)
CMC (7 times)
1976 Disease and non-disease-related cell-mediated cytotoxicity in humans.
89  endemic controls
(20 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
HHC (6 times)
MB (6 times)
PB (4 times)
1996 Erythema nodosum leprosum is associated with up-regulation of polyclonal IgG1 antibody synthesis.
90  enhanced care
(20 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
BD (4 times)
UC (4 times)
FFT-CHR (3 times)
2002 Collaborative care model to improve outcomes in major depression.
91  experimental allergic conjunctivitis
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
RW (17 times)
WT (4 times)
nrIgG (3 times)
2005 The interaction between ICOS and B7RP-1 is not required for the development of experimental murine allergic conjunctivitis.
92  endovascular coiling
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
SC (13 times)
mRS (5 times)
SAH (5 times)
2008 Impact of ruptured cerebral aneurysm coiling and clipping on the incidence of cerebral vasospasm and clinical outcome.
93  esophageal candidiasis
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HIV (5 times)
OPC (5 times)
AE (2 times)
1991 [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the province of Cadiz. A study of 269 consecutive patients].
94  espresso coffee
(19 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MS/MS (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2001 Multivariate methods for characterization and classification of espresso coffees from different botanical varieties and types of roast by foam, taste, and mouthfeel.
95  leukocyte-endothelial cell
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
ICAM-1 (4 times)
VCAM-1 (3 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
1987 Superinduction of T lymphocyte-endothelial cell (EC) binding by treatment of EC with interleukin 1 and protein synthesis inhibitors.
96  early cancer
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
BE (9 times)
HGD (9 times)
HGIN (6 times)
1981 [Multicentric early cancer of the stomach (author's transl)].
97  electrocatalytic
(18 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PEC (14 times)
PC (8 times)
4-CG (1 time)
2007 Photoelectro-synergistic catalysis combined with a FIA system application on determination of chemical oxygen demand.
98  electrochemical-chemical
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
AP (4 times)
ITO (3 times)
EN (2 times)
2006 Probing the mechanism of hypoxia selectivity of copper bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes: DFT calculation of redox potentials and absolute acidities in solution.
99  experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
OVA (9 times)
BN (8 times)
RW (8 times)
1999 Genetic background determines the nature of immune responses and experimental immune-mediated blepharoconjunctivitis (EC).
100  Ecklonia cava
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2006 Phlorotannins in Ecklonia cava extract inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity.