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Abbreviation: ECD
Appearance Frequency: 4923 time(s)
Long forms: 268

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
electronic circular dichroism
(1036 times)
Chemistry
(478 times)
VCD (108 times)
TDDFT (73 times)
DFT (50 times)
1999 Novel matrix descriptor for secondary structure segments in proteins: demonstration of predictability from circular dichroism spectra.
endothelial cell density
(756 times)
Ophthalmology
(589 times)
CCT (156 times)
BCVA (103 times)
DMEK (91 times)
1978 The effect of phacoemulsification on corneal endothelial cell density.
extracellular domain
(535 times)
Biochemistry
(118 times)
HER2 (35 times)
TMD (34 times)
EGFR (29 times)
1992 Expression and characterization of hepatocyte growth factor receptor-IgG fusion proteins. Effects of mutations in the potential proteolytic cleavage site on processing and ligand binding.
electron capture dissociation
(346 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(264 times)
CID (73 times)
CAD (50 times)
ETD (47 times)
1999 Localization of labile posttranslational modifications by electron capture dissociation: the case of gamma-carboxyglutamic acid.
Erdheim-Chester disease
(341 times)
Hematology
(36 times)
LCH (48 times)
CNS (22 times)
CT (20 times)
1988 Lipid granulomatosis: Erdheim-Chester disease.
expanded criteria donor
(309 times)
Transplantation
(203 times)
SCD (66 times)
DGF (53 times)
DCD (39 times)
1997 When should expanded criteria donor kidneys be used for single versus dual kidney transplants?
electron capture detector
(249 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(123 times)
GC (111 times)
MS (25 times)
FID (17 times)
1975 [The determination of phenols in water: gas chromatographic identification by means of the electron affinity (author's transl)].
electrochemical detection
(204 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(48 times)
HPLC (75 times)
DA (14 times)
DOPAC (9 times)
1982 Determination of dopamine and its acidic metabolites in brain tissue by HPLC with electrochemical detection in a single run after minimal sample pretreatment.
equivalent current dipole
(176 times)
Neurology
(82 times)
MEG (75 times)
EEG (20 times)
SEFs (20 times)
1987 Inverse problem solution in cardiomagnetism using a current multipole expansion of the primary sources.
10  ethyl cysteinate dimer
(144 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(81 times)
SPECT (55 times)
rCBF (22 times)
HMPAO (16 times)
1989 Technetium-99m ECD: a new brain imaging agent: in vivo kinetics and biodistribution studies in normal human subjects.
11  early childhood development
(113 times)
Pediatrics
(30 times)
LMIC (7 times)
LMICs (7 times)
EDI (6 times)
2005 Early childhood development interventions and cognitive development of young children in rural Vietnam.
12  ectodomain
(46 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
TLRs (11 times)
LRRs (7 times)
PAMPs (4 times)
1996 Critical relationship between autoantibody recognition and thyrotropin receptor maturation as reflected in the acquisition of complex carbohydrate.
13  echo-color Doppler
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
CCSVI (13 times)
MS (9 times)
HC (6 times)
1996 [Color Doppler echography in the diagnosis of nonspecific granulomatous prostatis: personal experience].
14  7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase
(39 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
AHH (18 times)
GST (8 times)
ERD (7 times)
1980 Effect of gonadectomy on hepatic, lung and intestinal mixed function monooxygenase enzymes in the rat.
15  endocardial cushion defect
(30 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
ASD (6 times)
CHD (6 times)
VSD (6 times)
1969 [Endocaridal cushion defect (ECD). I. Terminology, pathological anatomy and classification].
16  efficiency of conversion of digested food
(27 times)
Zoology
(12 times)
ECI (20 times)
AD (16 times)
RGR (14 times)
1986 Utilization of evergreen and decidous oaks by the Californian oak moth Phryganidia californica.
17  electrochromic device
(27 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
PB (3 times)
CE (2 times)
DC (2 times)
2007 Effect of TiO2 particle size on the performance of viologen-anchored TiO2 electrochromic device.
18  endothelial cell dysfunction
(23 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
NO (6 times)
eNOS (5 times)
CAT-1 (4 times)
2001 The ins and outs of endothelial dysfunction: much ado about NO-thing.
19  extracapsular dissection
(22 times)
Otolaryngology
(9 times)
SP (7 times)
PSP (6 times)
CI (3 times)
2002 The significance of the margin in parotid surgery for pleomorphic adenoma.
20  electronic CD
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
VCD (9 times)
CD (5 times)
FC (2 times)
1991 Reassessment of the random coil conformation: vibrational CD study of proline oligopeptides and related polypeptides.
21  expanded criteria
(14 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
SCD (7 times)
DCD (2 times)
LD (2 times)
2006 Intermediate-term outcomes with expanded criteria deceased donors in kidney transplantation: a spectrum or specter of quality?
22  elective cesarean delivery
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
GA (2 times)
aRR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2003 Method of delivery for the preterm infant.
23  electronic clinical data
(12 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
CER (5 times)
EDM (3 times)
QI (3 times)
2012 Opportunities and challenges for comparative effectiveness research (CER) with Electronic Clinical Data: a perspective from the EDM forum.
24  extracellular ligand-binding domain
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
BMP-2 (2 times)
hCaR (2 times)
mGluRs (2 times)
1993 A truncated intracellular HER2/neu receptor produced by alternative RNA processing affects growth of human carcinoma cells.
25  Ecdysoneless
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
eIF2alpha (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GAPDH (1 time)
2009 Role of mammalian Ecdysoneless in cell cycle regulation.
26  expanded criteria deceased donor
(9 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
SCD (5 times)
GFR (3 times)
DGF (2 times)
2004 The OPTN/UNOS renal transplant registry.
27  electronic circular dichroism spectroscopy
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
8-oxoG (1 time)
CSP-HPLC (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Absolute configurations of spiroiminodihydantoin and allantoin stereoisomers: comparison of computed and measured electronic circular dichroism spectra.
28  equivalent circle diameter
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
FF (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1996 Morphometric analysis of gastrocnemius muscle fiber size and fiber proportions in the hypophysectomized rat after prolonged administration of growth hormone or thyroxine.
29  early childhood diarrhea
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ABM (2 times)
AFG (1 time)
CWFs (1 time)
2005 Limitations in verbal fluency following heavy burdens of early childhood diarrhea in Brazilian shantytown children.
30  emergent cesarean deliveries
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
NRFHR (2 times)
BE (1 time)
CTG (1 time)
2004 The 30-minute decision-to-incision interval for emergency cesarean delivery: fact or fiction?
31  endothelial dysfunction
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NO (3 times)
CAT-1 (2 times)
eNOS (2 times)
2002 Accelerated atherogenesis in autoimmune rheumatic diseases.
32  Erchen decoction
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
CBM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2015 Erchen Decoction Prevents High-Fat Diet Induced Metabolic Disorders in C57BL/6 Mice.
33  ecdysteroid
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
DAH (1 time)
EcR (1 time)
1991 Ecdysteroids in relation to the molt cycle of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. II. excretion of metabolites.
34  enriched cholesterol diet
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
EAA (1 time)
EFFA (1 time)
ENaC (1 time)
2003 Impact of an enriched-cholesterol diet on enzymatic cholesterol metabolism during rabbit gestation.
35  Environmental circadian disruption
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
BF (1 time)
HPG (1 time)
2013 Sleep loss and the inflammatory response in mice under chronic environmental circadian disruption.
36  equine Cushing's disease
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DST (1 time)
PSH (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1996 Plasma adrenocorticotropin concentration in healthy horses and in horses with clinical signs of hyperadrenocorticism.
37  equivalent circulating density
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
MSils (1 time)
2018 Data for analyzing drilling fluid ability to effectively achieve hole cleaning for high shear and low shear rates.
38  evolutionarily conserved domain
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
BH3 (2 times)
CCD (2 times)
BECN1 (1 time)
2012 Crystal structure and biochemical analyses reveal Beclin 1 as a novel membrane binding protein.
39  extracapsular disease
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
LNI (2 times)
PCa (2 times)
PSM (2 times)
2010 [Relationship of preoperative PSA velocity to histopathological findings in the surgical specimen and survival after radical prostatectomy].
40  chromatography-electron capture detection
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
BHA (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2002 Multiresidue method for the simultaneous determination of four groups of pesticides in ground and drinking waters, using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography with electron-capture and thermionic specific detection.
41  electronic conductivity device
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LMS (1 time)
NPF (1 time)
PKP (1 time)
2011 The contribution of an electronic conductivity device to the safety of pedicle screw insertion in scoliosis surgery.
42  electronic control devices
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CK (2 times)
2010 Effect of an electronic control device exposure on a methamphetamine-intoxicated animal model.
43  Ecological character displacement
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2005 Testing alternative explanations of character shifts against ecological character displacement in brook sticklebacks (Culaea inconstans) that coexist with ninespine sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius).
44  effective cell dose
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CML (2 times)
DLI (2 times)
GVHD (1 time)
2003 Donor lymphocyte infusions for patients who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for chronic myeloid leukaemia.
45  endosopic cystoduodenostomy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ECG (3 times)
ERPD (2 times)
EUS (1 time)
1989 Endoscopic management of cysts and pseudocysts in chronic pancreatitis: long-term follow-up after 7 years of experience.
46  ethylene dicysteinate
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
THA (2 times)
1995 Tetrahydroaminoacridine modulates technetium-99m labelled ethylene dicysteinate retention in Alzheimer's disease measured with single photon emission computed tomography imaging.
47  excision, curettage, and drilling
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
NT (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
2000 Treatment strategies in osteochondral defects of the talar dome: a systematic review.
48  excitotoxic cell death
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
NMDARs (2 times)
DOR (1 time)
MAD (1 time)
2005 Calcium and protein phosphatase 1/2A attenuate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activity in the anoxic turtle cortex.
49  excretory duct cells
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CK (3 times)
GTC (3 times)
ICD (3 times)
1999 [Immunohistochemical detection of cytokeratins in the irradiated mandibular gland of the Wistar rat].
50  expanded criteria donor kidneys
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
CIT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2011 Machine perfusion versus cold storage for preservation of kidneys from expanded criteria donors after brain death.
51  exposed cervical dentin
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DHS (2 times)
OHRQoL (1 time)
2013 A decision tree for the management of exposed cervical dentin (ECD) and dentin hypersensitivity (DHS).
52  extracellular receptor domain
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
RTKs (1 time)
SCCHN (1 time)
TMD (1 time)
2001 Serum level and tissue expression of c-erbB-1 and c-erbB-2 proto-oncogene products in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
53  extracorporal device
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ECR (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1985 Deconvolution applied to the kinetics of extracorporal drug removal. Haemodialysis of cefsulodin.
54  extracranial carotid disease
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
acOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Associations of ankle-brachial index (ABI) with cerebral arterial disease and vascular events following ischemic stroke.
55  extracranial disease
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CKRS (2 times)
COD (2 times)
CR (2 times)
2012 Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery as salvage therapy after failure of whole-brain radiotherapy in patients with small-cell lung cancer.
56  early cancer detection
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IC (1 time)
2005 Age of uptake of early cancer detection facilities by low-risk and high-risk patients with familial breast and ovarian cancer.
57  Early child health and development
(2 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
CBCCs (1 time)
MDAT (1 time)
NEEP-IE (1 time)
2011 What role for the home learning environment and parenting in reducing the socioeconomic gradient in child development? Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study.
58  early consciousness disorder
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ApEn (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
LHI (1 time)
2016 Early consciousness disorder in acute ischemic stroke: incidence, risk factors and outcome.
59  early cranial decompression
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
DC (2 times)
GOS (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
2016 Damage control of civilian penetrating brain injuries in environments of low neuro-monitoring resources.
60  EC density
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
pIOL (1 time)
2010 Model to predict endothelial cell loss after iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens implantation.
61  EC device
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
CONASH (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2018 A novel organic electrochromic device with hybrid capacitor architecture towards multicolour representation.
62  ecdysoneless homologue
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ACK1 (2 times)
GC (2 times)
EMT (1 time)
2015 ACK1 promotes gastric cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis through AKT-POU2F1-ECD signalling.
63  ecdysteroid hormone
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
OEH (2 times)
ILP3 (1 time)
ILPs (1 time)
2013 Ovary ecdysteroidogenic hormone functions independently of the insulin receptor in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.
64  echocardiography with color Doppler
(2 times)
Lymphatic Vessels
(2 times)
CEAP (1 time)
EVLA (1 time)
GSV (1 time)
2016 Fixing the jugular flow reduces ventricle volume and improves brain perfusion.
65  echodefecography
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ODS (1 time)
2009 Types of pelvic floor dysfunctions in nulliparous, vaginal delivery, and cesarean section female patients with obstructed defecation syndrome identified by echodefecography.
66  efficiency of conversion of digested food into biomass
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ECI (2 times)
EO (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
2009 Hydrolyzable tannins as "quantitative defenses": limited impact against Lymantria dispar caterpillars on hybrid poplar.
67  electric current density
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TDE-BAF (1 time)
2017 Stimulation effect of electric current density (ECD) on microbial community of a three dimensional particle electrode coupled with biological aerated filter reactor (TDE-BAF).
68  electrical current dipole
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ERP (1 time)
SEFs (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2001 Somatosensory evoked fields in comatose survivors after severe traumatic brain injury.
69  electron-capture-induced dissociation
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2003 Localization of intramolecular monosulfide bridges in lantibiotics determined with electron capture induced dissociation.
70  electronic circular dichroism calculations
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NO (1 time)
2016 ()-Ganoapplanin, a Pair of Polycyclic Meroterpenoid Enantiomers from Ganoderma applanatum.
71  electrophoresis of a charged droplet
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2014 Extraction of Cations from an Ionic Liquid Droplet in a Dielectric Liquid under Electric Field.
72  endoscopic clip-assisted diverticulotomy
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ZD (2 times)
2008 Flexible endoscopic clip-assisted Zenker's diverticulotomy (with videos).
73  epithelial cell droplets
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
LMW (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
1986 Effects of heparin and defibrinotide on malignant hypertension in rats.
74  epoxy clerodane diterpene
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MPO (1 time)
UI (1 time)
2014 Gastroprotective effect of epoxy clerodane diterpene isolated from Tinospora cordifolia Miers (Guduchi) on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats.
75  equivalent current density
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BSPMs (1 time)
DCG (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2008 Noninvasive three-dimensional cardiac activation imaging from body surface potential maps: a computational and experimental study on a rabbit model.
76  esophageal cooling device
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
OHCA (1 time)
ROSC (1 time)
TTM (1 time)
2015 Temperature control in critically ill patients with a novel esophageal cooling device: a case series.
77  esophageal Crohn disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
NECD (1 time)
2003 Esophageal Crohn disease in children: a clinical spectrum.
78  essential collective dynamics
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
HAB1 (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2011 Comparative analysis of essential collective dynamics and NMR-derived flexibility profiles in evolutionarily diverse prion proteins.
79  ester, dihydrochloride
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
HMPAO (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2003 99mTc-HMPAO and 99mTc-ECD perform differently in typically hypoperfused areas in Alzheimer's disease.
80  estimated cumulated dose
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
DAU (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2016 Quantification of dose uncertainties in cumulated dose estimation compared to planned dose in prostate IMRT.
81  ethyl cellulose dispersion
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
TA (1 time)
1999 Aqueous ethyl cellulose dispersion containing plasticizers of different water solubility and hydroxypropyl methyl-cellulose as coating material for diffusion pellets II: properties of sprayed films.
82  European clubroot differential
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2012 Adaptation to Brassica Host Genotypes by a Single-Spore Isolate and Population of Plasmodiophora brassicae (Clubroot).
83  Evidence-centered design
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
e-ECD (1 time)
2017 Computational Psychometrics for the Measurement of Collaborative Problem Solving Skills.
84  evoked cardiac deceleration
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
ASDs (1 time)
SCL (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2011 The influence of attention and arousal on emotion perception in adults with severe traumatic brain injury.
85  excretory duct structures
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ACC (2 times)
HE (2 times)
MC (2 times)
2000 Distribution of collagens in carcinomas of salivary and mammary gland origin in irradiated rats.
86  expected calving date
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BHBA (1 time)
CU (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2005 Milk production from Holstein half udders after concurrent thirty- and seventy-day dry periods.
87  exposure concentration distribution
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
JPC (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
LOEC (1 time)
2017 Risk assessment of triclosan in the global environment using a probabilistic approach.
88  extended criteria liver allografts
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
HCC (1 time)
LT (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
2011 Liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma: defining the impact of using extended criteria liver allografts.
89  extra-circadian dissemination
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
SCN (1 time)
2015 [TEMPORAL ORDER DETERIORATION AND CIRCADIAN DISRUPTION WITH AGE].
90  extracellular amino-terminal domain
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
GPH (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
LHCGR (1 time)
2008 Identification of the first germline mutation in the extracellular domain of the follitropin receptor responsible for spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
91  extracorporeal depuration
(2 times)
Intensive Care
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
COimp (1 time)
COtd (1 time)
2003 [Methods of cardiac output determination during extracorporeal detoxication].
92  extracorporeal dialysis
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AVF (1 time)
CAVHD (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
1984 Shunt haemodynamics and extracorporeal dialysis: an electrical resistance network analysis.
93  63Ni-Electron Capture Detector
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Organochlorine pesticide residues in human blood in the population of Multan (Pakistan).
94  99mTc-ECD
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Evaluation of 99mTc-ECD SPECT for the detection of brain tumor: comparison with 201TI SPECT].
95  99mTc-etilen cisteinato dietilester
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
2010 [Evaluation by "statistical parametric mapping" of the cerebral perfusion changes in patients with carotid artery stenosis after endarterectomy].
96  chromatography-electronic circular dichroism
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 HPLC-ECD and TDDFT-ECD study of hexahydropyrrolo[1,2-a]quinoline derivatives.
97  computed circular dichroism
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2015 Varioxiranols I-L, new lactones from a sponge-associated Emericella variecolor fungus.
98  detection, -electron-capture detection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1996 Application of porous carbon for solid-phase extraction of dicarboxyimide fungicide residues from wines in combination with high-resolution capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
99  each segment, the concavity depth
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECA (1 time)
IEP (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
2015 [Study on the morphology of sagittal of lumbar endplate in healthy adult].
100  early cell death
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Early cell death induced by Clostridium difficile TcdB: Uptake and Rac1-glucosylation kinetics are decisive for cell fate.