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Abbreviation: ECF
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Long forms: 129

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
extracellular fluid
(667 times)
Physiology
(101 times)
CSF (64 times)
ICF (38 times)
BBB (37 times)
1964 RECENT ADVANCES IN HYPERTENSION.
extracytoplasmic function
(230 times)
Microbiology
(89 times)
RNAP (7 times)
RIP (6 times)
CSS (5 times)
1995 Transcription of the region encoding the ferric dicitrate-transport system in Escherichia coli: similarity between promoters for fecA and for extracytoplasmic function sigma factors.
East Coast fever
(122 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(68 times)
ITM (6 times)
AEZ (5 times)
AEZs (4 times)
1975 Effect of humoral antibodies on the course of Theileria parva infection (East Coast fever) of cattle.
eosinophil chemotactic factor
(78 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(48 times)
Con A (4 times)
PMN (4 times)
PBMC (3 times)
1976 Defective release of eosinophil chemotactic factor from peripheral leukocytes in patients with chronic urticaria.
enterocutaneous fistula
(77 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
EAF (6 times)
CI (4 times)
EN (4 times)
1991 Enterocutaneous fistulas following laparotomy for trauma.
executive cognitive functioning
(67 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
MMSE (9 times)
AD (5 times)
ACC (4 times)
1992 Bedside assessment of executive cognitive impairment: the executive interview.
epirubicin, cisplatin and fluorouracil
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
OS (10 times)
DCF (5 times)
PFS (5 times)
1995 Adjuvant chemotherapy for oesophagogastric cancer with epirubicin, cisplatin and infusional 5-fluorouracil (ECF): a Royal Marsden pilot study.
Energy-coupling factor
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
ABC (11 times)
MD (2 times)
S component (2 times)
2009 Two essential arginine residues in the T components of energy-coupling factor transporters.
extracellular fluid volume
(32 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
TBW (7 times)
PV (6 times)
GFR (5 times)
1959 Determinations of extracellular fluid space (ECF) from small samples of tissue.
10  elemental chlorine-free
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
TCF (6 times)
COD (3 times)
EROD (3 times)
1998 Biomarker responses in whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.) experimentally exposed in a large lake receiving effluents from pulp and paper industry.
11  ethyl chloroformate
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC-MS (6 times)
SPME (4 times)
LOD (3 times)
1975 Quantitative determination of allotypic and idiotypic markers with antisera coupled to N-hydroxysuccinimide-activated sepharose.
12  extended care facility
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LOS (7 times)
TKA (4 times)
CPD (2 times)
1975 Ambulatory care: the center of the system. A walking version of ECF (extended care facility).
13  electrocoagulation/flotation
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
EF (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2005 Removal of fluoride from semiconductor wastewater by electrocoagulation-flotation.
14  electrochemical fluorination
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
PFOA (10 times)
PFOS (6 times)
PFCAs (5 times)
2004 Isolating isomers of perfluorocarboxylates in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from two geographical locations.
15  epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
5-FU (7 times)
EAP (2 times)
ELF (2 times)
1996 Chemotherapy of gastric cancer.
16  extracardiac findings
(9 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CMR (3 times)
CCTA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Prevalence and significance of incidental extracardiac findings at 64-multidetector coronary CTA.
17  early conception factor
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AI (1 time)
2001 Assessment of a commercially available early conception factor (ECF) test for determining pregnancy status of dairy cattle.
18  earthworm coelomic fluid
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CPE (1 time)
EE (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2010 [Experimental research on anti-respiratory syncytial virus effect in vitro of earthworm coelomic fluid].
19  endometrial cavity fluid
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
ART (2 times)
APD (1 time)
ARTs (1 time)
2001 Endometrial cavity fluid is associated with poor ovarian response and increased cancellation rates in ART cycles.
20  extracolonic findings
(5 times)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
CTC (4 times)
CRC (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2009 Incidental gynecological findings on computed tomographic colonography: prevalence and outcomes.
21  enzyme control flux
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EMCs (2 times)
MEP (2 times)
EM (1 time)
2007 Integration of enzyme activities into metabolic flux distributions by elementary mode analysis.
22  exocoelomic fluid
(4 times)
Teratology
(2 times)
ETU (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1985 Studies on the mechanism of trypan blue teratogenicity in the rat developing in vivo and in vitro.
23  ectopic crypt foci
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TSA (3 times)
CRC (1 time)
SSA (1 time)
2015 Histological overlap between colorectal villous/tubulovillous and traditional serrated adenomas.
24  ectopic crypt formation
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TSA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CRAs (1 time)
2008 Sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) vs. traditional serrated adenoma (TSA).
25  endoscopic cyst fenestration
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
--- 2008 Endoscopic cyst fenestration in the treatment of multiloculated hydrocephalus in children.
26  endothelial cell function
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
FMD (2 times)
NMD (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1989 5-Hydroxytryptamine uptake in oxygen radical-mediated acute lung injury.
27  endplate/cortex fracture
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
VD (2 times)
ABQ (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2017 Identifying osteoporotic vertebral endplate and cortex fractures.
28  energy correction factor
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ACDS (1 time)
IAEA (1 time)
OSLD (1 time)
2006 Energy responses of the LiF series TL pellets to high-energy photons in the energy range from 1.25 to 21 MV.
29  extended chromatin fibres
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ADB (1 time)
2000 Extended chromatin fibres: crystallinity, molecular order and reactivity to concanavalin-A.
30  extracellular function
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
fhs (1 time)
hmu (1 time)
porR (1 time)
2009 Adaptation of Porphyromonas gingivalis to microaerophilic conditions involves increased consumption of formate and reduced utilization of lactate.
31  echogenic cardiac foci
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2010 Comparison of single versus multiple echogenic foci in the fetal heart regarding risk of aneuploidy.
32  empirical characteristic function
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
pdf's (1 time)
2013 Empirical and quadrature approximation of acoustic field and array response probability density functions.
33  encapsulated carbonized fabric
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1999 An ergonomics investigation into human thermal comfort using an automobile seat heated with encapsulated carbonized fabric (ECF).
34  equine corneal fibroblast
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
MMC (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2010 Efficacy and safety of mitomycin C as an agent to treat corneal scarring in horses using an in vitro model.
35  exchange-core function
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
QM (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2015 Construction of exchange repulsion in terms of the wave functions at QM/MM boundary region.
36  extracellular culture filtrate
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DPFM (1 time)
2016 Elicitation of gymnemic acid production in cell suspension cultures of Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. through endophytic fungi.
37  extracellular volume fraction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2012 Quantification of extracellular matrix expansion by CMR in infiltrative heart disease.
38  BECF-extracellular fluid
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BECF (1 time)
OBLCS (1 time)
2002 Bone as an ion exchange system: evidence for a link between mechanotransduction and metabolic needs.
39  E. cava fucoidan
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
--- 2014 Protective effect of fucoidan against AAPH-induced oxidative stress in zebrafish model.
40  Early clinical failure
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
MSSA (1 time)
2016 Poor outcomes of empiric ceftriaxoneazithromycin for community-acquired pneumonia caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus.
41  early commissural fusion
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
1- and 2-dE (1 time)
MVP (1 time)
RHD (1 time)
1983 Classification of mitral valve prolapse.
42  East Cambridgeshire and Fenland
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DICI (1 time)
2014 Changes in hospital admissions and inpatient tariff associated with a Diabetes Integrated Care Initiative: preliminary findings.
43  EC fractions
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
C/F (1 time)
EC (1 time)
TSP-1 (1 time)
2006 Shear stress modulates the expression of thrombospondin-1 and CD36 in endothelial cells in vitro and during shear stress-induced angiogenesis in vivo.
44  eccentric-core fiber
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
OCT (1 time)
OPD (1 time)
SMF (1 time)
2018 A Novel Mach-Zehnder Interferometer Using Eccentric-Core Fiber Design for Optical Coherence Tomography.
45  ECF:RpoE and
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2007 Contribution of extracytoplasmic function sigma factors to transition metal homeostasis in Cupriavidus metallidurans strain CH34.
46  ECS fluid
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
1993 Extracellular fluid translocation in perfused rabbit atria: implication in control of atrial natriuretic peptide secretion.
47  ectopic cardiovascular fat
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
VAT (1 time)
2015 Ectopic cardiovascular fat in middle-aged men: effects of race/ethnicity, overall and central adiposity. The ERA JUMP study.
48  Edible coatings and films
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2019 Antimicrobial Nanoparticles Incorporated in Edible Coatings and Films for the Preservation of Fruits and Vegetables.
49  effective centrifugal force
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ECF50 (1 time)
GVM (1 time)
1988 Effect of microtubule reactive drugs on steroid- and centrifugation-induced germinal vesicle migration during goldfish oocyte meiosis.
50  effects of diuretics are related to the shrinkage of extracellular
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Calcium and the kidney--from stones to molecules.
51  efficiency of colony formation
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
EAT (1 time)
1988 [Comparative radiosensitivity of clonogenic tumor cells of the transplantable Ehrlich carcinoma in the ascitic and solid forms of growth].
52  effluent of CF process
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ACW (1 time)
CF (1 time)
EEM (1 time)
2017 Coagulation-flocculation as pre-treatment for micro-scale Fe/Cu/O3 process (CF-mFe/Cu/O3) treatment of the coating wastewater from automobile manufacturing.
53  either fluorouracil
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
2008 Capecitabine and oxaliplatin for advanced esophagogastric cancer.
54  electrochemical fluorination process
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFAAs (1 time)
PFBA (1 time)
PFBS (1 time)
2015 Transport of short-chain perfluoroalkyl acids from concentrated fluoropolymer facilities to the Daling River estuary, China.
55  ellagitannin-rich fraction obtained from Eucalyptus citriodora
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2015 Protective role of ellagitannins from Eucalyptus citriodora against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats: impact on oxidative stress, inflammation and calcitonin-gene related peptide.
56  emergency care facility
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
RTIs (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2008 Transport time to trauma facilities in Karachi: an exploratory study.
57  emerging concept that neuronal uptake of GLN
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2015 Disinhibition reduces extracellular glutamine and elevates extracellular glutamate in rat hippocampus in vivo.
58  EMG cost function
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
SSTP (1 time)
2017 Modification of the spontaneous seat-to-stand transition in cycling with bodyweight and cadence variations.
59  endogenous cytotoxic factor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Cytotoxicity of a factor from normal and abnormal human spleens for allogenic leukemia cells.
60  Endometriotic cyst fluid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2017 Endometriotic cyst fluid induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human immortalized epithelial cells derived from ovarian endometrioma.
61  Energy consumption forecasting
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
--- 2015 Energy Consumption Forecasting Using Semantic-Based Genetic Programming with Local Search Optimizer.
62  energy coupling-factor transporters
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SMVT (1 time)
2012 Uptake of biotin by Chlamydia Spp. through the use of a bacterial transporter (BioY) and a host-cell transporter (SMVT).
63  enhanced tuberculosis case-finding
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ZAMSTAR (1 time)
2013 Effect of household and community interventions on the burden of tuberculosis in southern Africa: the ZAMSTAR community-randomised trial.
64  enrichment constrained framework
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ECTDISA (1 time)
KSHV (1 time)
TDISA (1 time)
2009 Enrichment constrained time-dependent clustering analysis for finding meaningful temporal transcription modules.
65  enrichment of GLU
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vivo microdialysis and gas-chromatography/mass-spectrometry for 13C-enrichment measurement of extracellular glutamate in rat brain.
66  enter check frequency
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1999 [Effects of low concentration carbon monoxide on the neurobehavior function in mice].
67  enterocutaneous fistula repair
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HUAC (1 time)
LMQ (1 time)
2018 Computed Tomography-Measured Psoas Density Predicts Outcomes After Enterocutaneous Fistula Repair.
68  Enterprise Communication Framework
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AWG-OHI (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1998 PACS/information systems interoperability using Enterprise Communication Framework.
69  eosinophilic-clear cell foci
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GGT (1 time)
GST (1 time)
NAF (1 time)
1993 Glutathione S-transferase isoenzyme patterns in different subtypes of enzyme-altered rat liver foci treated with the peroxisome proliferator nafenopin or with phenobarbital.
70  epidermal.growth factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACSS (1 time)
2013 [Study of hormone responsiveness of the adenylyl cyclase signaling system in erythrocyte membranes of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus].
71  Epiphyseolysis capitis femoris
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SCFE (1 time)
2001 [Epiphyseolysis capitis femoris (ECF) in monozygotic twins].
72  epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 A phase II study in advanced gastro-esophageal cancer using epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (ECF).
73  epirubicin and cisplatin with a continuous ambulatory infusion of 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 A phase II study in advanced gastro-esophageal cancer using epirubicin and cisplatin in combination with continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (ECF).
74  epirubicin and cisplatin with either infusional 5-FU
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
2008 Advanced gastric cancer: an update and future directions.
75  epirubicin, cisplatin and 5-FU adjuvant chemotherapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATG-5 (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 Upregulation of autophagy-related gene-5 (ATG-5) is associated with chemoresistance in human gastric cancer.
76  epirubicin, cisplatin and continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2006 Capecitabine, epirubicin and cisplatin in the treatment of oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma.
77  Epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU combination
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
TTP (1 time)
2014 Epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-FU combination chemotherapy in sorafenib-refractory metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.
78  epirubicin, cisplatin, and infusional FU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ECF arm (1 time)
FU (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2017 Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy With Epirubicin, Cisplatin, and Fluorouracil Compared With Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy With Fluorouracil and Leucovorin After Curative Resection of Gastric Cancer: Results From CALGB 80101 (Alliance).
79  Epirubicin, cisplatin, and protracted infusion of 5-FU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2004 Epirubicin, cisplatin, and protracted infusion of 5-FU (ECF) in advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
80  epirubicin, cisplatin, continuous infusion 5-FU
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
FAMTX (1 time)
TCF (1 time)
2005 Gastric cancer. Treatment of advanced disease and new drugs.
81  epirubicin, cisplatin, folinic acid
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EGAC (1 time)
EOX (1 time)
FLOT (1 time)
2015 Perioperative platin-based chemotherapy for locally advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma: Postoperative chemotherapy has a substantial impact on outcome.
82  epirubicin, cisplatin, protracted venous fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1999 Epirubicin, cisplatin and oral UFT with leucovorin ('ECU'): a phase I-II study in patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal tract cancer.
83  epirubicin-cisplatin-infusional 5-fluoropyrimidine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2008 Is there an optimal chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer that will provide a platform for the introduction of new biological agents?
84  epirubicin/cisplatin/PVI FU
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PVI 5-FU (1 time)
1998 The Royal Marsden experience of a small bowel adenocarcinoma treated with protracted venous infusion 5-fluorouracil.
85  equal to the GFR:extracellular fluid volume
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1995 Simultaneous measurement of extracellular fluid distribution and renal function with a single injection of 99mTc DTPA.
86  equilibrium concentration fluctuations
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
NCF (1 time)
2016 Equilibrium and non-equilibrium concentration fluctuations in a critical binary mixture.
87  equipment cost factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ECHR (1 time)
HRF (1 time)
RTO (1 time)
2009 Energy recovery efficiency and cost analysis of VOC thermal oxidation pollution control technology.
88  Error Commutator Formalism
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2012 Sensitivity of the NMR density matrix to pulse sequence parameters: a simplified analytic approach.
89  error-causing factors
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
PIFs (1 time)
2004 AGAPE-ET: a methodology for human error analysis of emergency tasks.
90  Error-Correcting Factorization
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ECOC (1 time)
2018 Error-Correcting Factorization.
91  Established cardiac fibrosis
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 Regression of Established Cardiac Fibrosis in Hypertensive Heart Disease.
92  estimated carcass fat
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
HCWT (1 time)
UD (1 time)
1998 Effects of repeated urea dilution measurement on feedlot performance and consistency of estimated body composition in steers of different breed types.
93  ethical and conceptual framework
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
LHS (1 time)
2019 Research versus practice: The dilemmas of research ethics in the era of learning health-care systems.
94  ethyl chloroformate reagent
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GC-MIP-AED (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
2014 Determination of bis-carboxyethyl germanium sesquioxide by gas chromatography with microwave-induced plasma-atomic emission detection after derivatization with alkyl chloroformates.
95  European Charcot Foundation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2000 A quality network model for the daily care of multiple sclerosis.
96  European CME Forum
(1 time)
Education, Medical, Continuing
(1 time)
--- 2017 Report on Proceedings of the Ninth Annual European CME Forum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, November 2016.
97  events and (b) concomitant reduction of GLN
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2015 Disinhibition reduces extracellular glutamine and elevates extracellular glutamate in rat hippocampus in vivo.
98  evergreen conifer forest
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
EDBLMF (1 time)
TNFP (1 time)
2014 [Dynamics of major forest vegetations in Tiantong National Forest Park during the last 30 years].
99  excess cold factor
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EHF (1 time)
2017 Extreme climatic conditions and health service utilisation across rural and metropolitan New South Wales.
100  excluding perianal fistula
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
GETAID (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2014 Long-term outcome of enterocutaneous fistula in patients with Crohn's disease treated with anti-TNF therapy: a cohort study from the GETAID.