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Abbreviation: ECR
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Long forms: 167

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
extensor carpi radialis
(176 times)
Neurology
(65 times)
FCR (71 times)
TMS (47 times)
MEPs (46 times)
1981 Influence of 'strategy' on muscle activity during ballistic movements.
electron cyclotron resonance
(122 times)
Biophysics
(102 times)
ECRIS (4 times)
EEDF (4 times)
RF (4 times)
1992 [Sterilization by the plasma procedure].
Experiences in Close Relationships
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
BFQ (2 times)
EPDS (2 times)
STAI (2 times)
2005 Stability of alexithymia and its relationships with the 'big five' factors, temperament, character, and attachment style.
external cervical resorption
(21 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
CBCT (4 times)
CT (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2009 External cervical resorption: a review.
Eindhoven Cancer Registry
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CRC (3 times)
EC (2 times)
NCR (2 times)
1999 Increased but low incidence and poor survival of malignant mesothelioma in the southeastern part of The Netherlands since 1970: a population-based study.
extensor carpi radialis muscle
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
FCR (7 times)
MEPs (7 times)
TMS (5 times)
1989 Quantification of gaps in the EMG interference pattern in chronic hemiparesis.
eriochrome cyanine R
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CTAB (2 times)
AMT (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2000 Spectrophotometric studies and application of imipramine-eriochrome cyanine R system for determination of imipramine in pharmaceuticals.
excess cancer risk
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
PAHs (4 times)
HQ (3 times)
CPF (2 times)
2006 Arsenic biogeochemistry and human health risk assessment in organo-arsenical pesticide-applied acidic and alkaline soils: an incubation study.
European Congress of Radiology
(11 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
RSNA (2 times)
CAG (1 time)
CIRSE (1 time)
1997 [European Congress of Radiology (ECR), European Association of Radiology (EAR), European Society of Radiology (ESR): European Radiology between the past and the future].
10  evolutionarily conserved region
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ADRB2 (1 time)
AEI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2008 In vitro analysis of promoter activity in Muller cells.
11  equivalent cross-relaxation rate
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
SLNB (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2002 Equivalent cross-relaxation rate imaging in the synthetic copolymer gels and invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast.
12  early clinical response
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ABSSSIs (2 times)
ETP (2 times)
TOC (2 times)
2015 Comparative efficacy of antibiotics for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI): a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
13  Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire
(8 times)
Psychology, Clinical
(2 times)
AAI (1 time)
ACIQ (1 time)
BPRS (1 time)
2010 Male axillary extracts modify the affinity of the platelet serotonin transporter and impulsiveness in women.
14  extracellular region
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AMPARs (1 time)
Ang (1 time)
BAI2 (1 time)
1996 Recognition of neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1-R): an antibody to a peptide sequence from the third extracellular region binds to brain NK1-R.
15  enoyl-CoA reductase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
ACC1 (1 time)
ACOT (1 time)
1997 Localization of cytochrome oxidase and the 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl CoA reductase in muscle and hypodermis of Ascaris suum larvae and adults.
16  evoked cardiac response
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
PPAR (2 times)
EDA (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
1979 Correction for sinus arrhythmia in the evoked cardiac response: a timebase problem.
17  exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PCI (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2002 Safety and implementation of exercise testing and training after coronary stenting in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
18  endovascular clot retrieval
(5 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
ASA (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2017 Strategic framework improves access to stroke reperfusion across the state of Victoria Australia.
19  enhanced chemiluminescence reaction
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
HRP (2 times)
MORP (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
2010 Advantages of soybean peroxidase over horseradish peroxidase as the enzyme label in chemiluminescent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of sulfamethoxypyridazine.
20  Enhanced Cued Recall
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
aMCI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2006 Enhanced cued recall has a high utility as a screening test in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment in Turkish people.
21  electrical conductivity relaxation
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BSCFY (1 time)
IEDP (1 time)
LSCF (1 time)
2012 Combined investigation of bulk diffusion and surface exchange parameters of silver catalyst coated yttrium-doped BSCF membranes.
22  emergency care research
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
CTSA (3 times)
ECRN (2 times)
NIH (2 times)
2009 Unique characteristics of emergency care research: scope, populations, and infrastructure.
23  ear-canal reflectance
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
VU (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OAEs (1 time)
2012 Comparison of ear-canal reflectance and umbo velocity in patients with conductive hearing loss: a preliminary study.
24  ecdysterone
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2005 Protective effect of ecdysterone on PC12 cells cytotoxicity induced by beta-amyloid25-35.
25  electrocutaneous reflex
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BAER (1 time)
SSEP (1 time)
VER (1 time)
1973 [The electrocutaneous reflex (ECR) as atool for objective studies of pain sensitivity in man (author's transl)].
26  electronic care record
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
KM (1 time)
LCCRT (1 time)
2006 Knowledge management and electronic care records: Incorporating social, legal and ethical issues.
27  Endoscope Cleaner and Reprocessor
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
2010 EVOTECH endoscope cleaner and reprocessor (ECR) simulated-use and clinical-use evaluation of cleaning efficacy.
28  energy conversion ratio
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AMEn (2 times)
DMR (2 times)
NR (2 times)
2017 Nutrient availability of different batches of wheat distillers dried grains with solubles with and without exogenous enzymes for broiler chickens.
29  Estonian Cancer Registry
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DCI (1 time)
RSR (1 time)
2003 Study of completeness of registration at the Estonian cancer registry.
30  event-contingent recording
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BPD (1 time)
2013 Quarrelsome behavior in borderline personality disorder: influence of behavioral and affective reactivity to perceptions of others.
31  trans-2,3-enoyl-CoA reductase
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ChIP (1 time)
ERF (1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
2009 Characterization of two cotton cDNAs encoding trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase reveals a putative novel NADPH-binding motif.
32  early cardiac rejection
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
A-period (1 time)
AZA (1 time)
CNIs (1 time)
1990 Red blood cell polyamine level changes following heart transplantation in man.
33  Eastern Channel Region
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
EMS (1 time)
2012 Monitoring of East Channel dredge areas benthic fish population and its implications.
34  eccentric rotation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
ECLR (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
1991 Vestibulo-ocular reflex in eccentric rotation in squirrel monkeys.
35  eccentric to concentric ratio
(2 times)
Aging
(1 time)
MVCs (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2009 Identification of feigned ankle plantar and dorsiflexors weakness in normal subjects.
36  effective compression ratio
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
CPR (2 times)
BLS (1 time)
2013 Effective compression ratio--a new measurement of the quality of thorax compression during CPR.
37  elastin-Congo red
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2009 Elastase secretion in Acanthamoeba polyphaga.
38  electrochemical current rectification
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
E-AB (1 time)
2012 Electrochemical current rectifier as a highly sensitive and selective cytosensor for cancer cell detection.
39  electrochemical reduction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2015 Design of a highly efficient and wide pH electro-Fenton oxidation system with molecular oxygen activated by ferrous-tetrapolyphosphate complex.
40  endogenous circadian rhythms
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Photoperiodic time measurement in seasonal reproduction of the weaver bird (Ploceus philippinus).
41  energy consumption ratio
(2 times)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
HTL (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
TBSA (1 time)
2012 Thermochemical conversion of raw and defatted algal biomass via hydrothermal liquefaction and slow pyrolysis.
42  energy cost of running
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
FVO2max (1 time)
HST (1 time)
LST (1 time)
2003 Training and bioenergetic characteristics in elite male and female Kenyan runners.
43  energy-conversion relationship
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RBC (2 times)
DC (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2003 An energy conversion relationship predictive of conversion profiles and depth of cure for resin-based composite.
44  enrichment coefficient for root
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TLF (2 times)
ECL (1 time)
2015 Distribution and accumulation of selenium in wild plants growing naturally in the Gumuskoy (Kutahya) mining area, Turkey.
45  environmental context and resources
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DPA (2 times)
TDF (2 times)
2017 A theoretical analysis of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of school-based physical activity policies in Canada: a mixed methods scoping review.
46  epidermal calcium release
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
SLS (1 time)
TEWL (1 time)
2002 Epidermal calcium release (ECR) in vivo sampled with a simple washout chamber technique.
47  ergocryptine
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
1975 Ergocryptine and pregnancy maintenance in hamsters.
48  evolutionarily conserved non-coding region
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
2006 Intron 1 sequences are required for pancreatic expression of the human proglucagon gene.
49  Expert Committee recommendations
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FPS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2007 Pediatric obesity management: variation by specialty and awareness of guidelines.
50  extent of colonic resection
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
LS (2 times)
MSI (2 times)
2016 Factors Associated With the Performance of Extended Colonic Resection vs. Segmental Resection in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer: A Population-Based Study.
51  extra-contractual referral
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
SLT (1 time)
1997 'Xtra' contractual referrals.
52  extracapsular repair
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TPLO (2 times)
CCL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Long-term radiographic comparison of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy versus extracapsular stabilization for cranial cruciate ligament rupture in the dog.
53  extracorporeal removal
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CRRT (1 time)
CVVH (1 time)
CVVHDF (1 time)
2008 Extracorporeal removal of toxins.
54  extreme caloric restriction
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
2017 Extreme calorie restriction in yeast retentostats induces uniform non-quiescent growth arrest.
55  eyes-closed rest
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ARSQ (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
LRTC (1 time)
2012 Brain activity in adults who stutter: similarities across speaking tasks and correlations with stuttering frequency and speaking rate.
56  early clamp release
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
PN (1 time)
WIT (1 time)
2017 Early clamp release during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: Implications for preservation of renal function.
57  early collar removal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2011 Impact of cervical spine management brain injury on functional survival outcomes in comatose, blunt trauma patients with extremity movement and negative cervical spine CT: application of the Monte Carlo simulation.
58  early complete response
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CSS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2002 Early response to chemotherapy: a surrogate for final outcome of Hodgkin's disease patients that should influence initial treatment length and intensity?
59  early crystalloid resuscitation
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EV (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Early use of vasopressors after injury: caution before constriction.
60  easy clinical rotation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HCR (1 time)
1998 Clinical workload decreases the level of aerobic fitness in housestaff physicians.
61  EC and head retroflexed
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ECBT (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
2009 Correlations between posturographic findings and symptoms in subjects with fractures of the condylar head of the mandible.
62  EC radialis
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ECU (1 time)
RIPSPs (1 time)
Ul (1 time)
1988 Recurrent inhibition in the cat distal forelimb.
63  EC values measured with reflectance correction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
PyOC (1 time)
2013 Thermal/optical methods for elemental carbon quantification in soils and urban dusts: equivalence of different analysis protocols.
64  EC with head retroflexion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MwoA (1 time)
OKN (1 time)
TTH (1 time)
2005 Balance disorders in headache patients: evaluation by computerized static stabilometry.
65  ecdysone receptor complex binding
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Upstream sequences of dosage-compensated and non-compensated alleles of the larval secretion protein gene Sgs-4 in Drosophila.
66  ECR nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
BR nerve (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2017 Monosynaptic facilitation of group I afferents between brachioradialis and extensor carpi radialis in humans.
67  ectopic cell region
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
ION (1 time)
1995 Centrifugal projections upon the retina: an anterograde tracing study in the pigeon (Columba livia).
68  Edge Continuity Relation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2006 A framework toward restoration of writing order from single-stroked handwriting image.
69  Edge Contract and Refine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2012 Fast local search for unrooted Robinson-Foulds supertrees.
70  editor-chosen reviewers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANR (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
RQI (1 time)
2006 Are reviewers suggested by authors as good as those chosen by editors? Results of a rater-blinded, retrospective study.
71  effective carbon ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
SOA (1 time)
2015 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols at Mount Lu in South China: implication for secondary organic carbon formation and long-range transport.
72  effective concentration range
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MWCNT-DMF (1 time)
MWCNT-HA (1 time)
2015 Effect of AlCl3 concentration on nanoparticle removal by coagulation.
73  effector cell retargeting
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1988 Universal bispecific antibody for targeting tumor cells for destruction by cytotoxic T cells.
74  efficient contraction
(1 time)
Cardiovascular System
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
ECTR (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2018 Speckle tracking echocardiography analyses of myocardial contraction efficiency predict response for cardiac resynchronization therapy.
75  Egg count percent reduction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Ait (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
CME (1 time)
2005 Anthelmintic activity of Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. F. flowers in sheep.
76  Eichhornia crassipes roots
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
2013 Bio-absorption of Ni and Cd on Eichhornia crassipes root thin film.
77  elastic component regression
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2018 Quantitative determination of wool in textile by near-infrared spectroscopy and multivariate models.
78  elective coronary revascularization
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2018 Elective Coronary Revascularization Procedures in Patients With StableCoronary Artery Disease: Incidence, Determinants, and Outcome (From the CORONOR Study).
79  electrical cutaneous resistance
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
2014 Assessment of endothelial function by acetylcholine iontophoresis: impact of inter-electrode distance and electrical cutaneous resistance.
80  electrocoagulation reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
OWW (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2017 Combined process of electrocoagulation and photocatalytic degradation for the treatment of olive washing wastewater.
81  electron counting rule
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Spontaneous formation of surface antisite defects in the stabilization of the Sb-rich GaSb(001) surface.
82  electronic chart review
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
MICU (1 time)
2017 Health IT Usability Focus Section: Data Use and Navigation Patterns among Medical ICU Clinicians during Electronic Chart Review.
83  Electronic Child Records
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CHP (1 time)
PN (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2014 Ethnic differences in problem perception and perceived need as determinants of referral in young children with problem behaviour.
84  Electronic Clinical Record
(1 time)
Legislation, Drug
(1 time)
MEs (1 time)
TDMR (1 time)
2016 Clinical outcomes of the inclusion of the therapeutic drug monitoring report in the electronic clinical record.
85  electronic computerized registration
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 [Individualized registration of mandibular movements using the electronic computerized registration (ECR) system].
86  electronic patient care report
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EMDC (1 time)
MPDS (1 time)
NAED (1 time)
2007 Low acuity EMS dispatch criteria can reliably identify patients without high-acuity illness or injury.
87  embedded constraint representation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2000 A well-posed, embedded constraint representation of joint moments from kinesiological measurements.
88  embryo cleavage rating
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Time-lapse cleavage rating predicts human embryo viability.
89  Emotional Conflict Resolution
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2017 Treating refractory mental illness with closed-loop brain stimulation: Progress towards a patient-specific transdiagnostic approach.
90  encoding and cued delayed recall
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AVLT (1 time)
eTIV (1 time)
2014 Neuropsychological correlates of hippocampal atrophy in memory testing in nondemented older adults.
91  endocapsular ring
(1 time)
--- 2013 Fibrin glue assisted trans-scleral fixation of an endocapsular device for sutureless trans-scleral capsular bag fixation in traumatic subluxations: the glued endocapsular ring/segment.
92  endocapsular tension ring
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IOL (1 time)
2006 Management of posteriorly dislocated endocapsular tension ring and intraocular lens complex.
93  endocavitary contact radiation therapy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 Endocavitary contact radiation therapy for ultrasonographically staged T1 N0 and T2 N0 rectal cancer.
94  endometrial cancer recurrence
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
2016 High Diagnostic Value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in Endometrial Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature.
95  endoscopically confirmed remission
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2008 Clinical trial: a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding, phase II study of subcutaneous interferon-beta-la in moderately active ulcerative colitis.
96  endothelial/cytokine response
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2011 Impact of endothelial activation on infective and inflammatory complications after cardiac surgery in type II diabetes mellitus.
97  endotrophin:creatinine ratio
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
COL VI (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2017 Urinary endotrophin predicts disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease.
98  energy centrality relationship
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FLIPs (1 time)
FunCs (1 time)
2014 Protein-protein interface detection using the energy centrality relationship (ECR) characteristic of proteins.
99  energy charge ratio
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
1994 Retinoic acid induces a shift in the energetic state of hypertrophic chondrocytes.
100  energy compaction ratio
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
2001 Multiwavelet prefilters--part II: optimal orthogonal prefilters.