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Abbreviation: ECS
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Long forms: 413

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endocannabinoid system
(739 times)
Neurology
(104 times)
AEA (84 times)
FAAH (81 times)
2-AG (80 times)
2006 Neuromodulatory functions of the endocannabinoid system.
electroconvulsive shock
(599 times)
Neurology
(180 times)
ECT (82 times)
DA (16 times)
5-HT (11 times)
1952 The effect of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on a conditioned emotional response: the effect of post-ECS extinction on the reappearance of the response.
extracellular space
(282 times)
Neurology
(82 times)
AQP4 (15 times)
ISF (15 times)
Gd-DTPA (13 times)
1972 Activation of the electrogenic sodium pump in guinea-pig auricles by internal sodium ions.
East China Sea
(221 times)
Environmental Health
(156 times)
YS (25 times)
SCS (24 times)
PAHs (16 times)
2004 Ocean pollution from land-based sources: East China Sea, China.
electroconvulsive seizures
(209 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
ECT (70 times)
BDNF (20 times)
NPY (15 times)
1975 Does piracetam counteract the ECT-induced memory dysfunctions in depressed patients?
extracapsular spread
(174 times)
Neoplasms
(88 times)
OS (32 times)
OSCC (23 times)
DSS (20 times)
1981 The extracapsular spread of tumors in cervical node metastasis.
electrical cortical stimulation
(90 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
fMRI (21 times)
ECoG (20 times)
HGA (5 times)
1997 Functional magnetic resonance imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation: complementary approaches in the evaluation of cortical motor function.
expanded carrier screening
(82 times)
Genetics, Medical
(31 times)
ACOG (5 times)
AR (5 times)
ARCs (5 times)
2013 Expanded carrier screening in reproductive healthcare: perspectives from genetics professionals.
elective cesarean section
(56 times)
Perinatology
(10 times)
VD (11 times)
TTN (5 times)
CS (4 times)
1982 [The secretion of calcitonin in the newborn infant in relation to the method of delivery].
10  elastic compression stockings
(46 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
DVT (31 times)
PTS (26 times)
CVD (5 times)
1993 Perimalleolar subcutaneous tissue pressure effects of elastic compression stockings.
11  endogenous cannabinoid system
(45 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
FAAH (8 times)
AEA (5 times)
CB1 (5 times)
2000 N-acyl-dopamines: novel synthetic CB(1) cannabinoid-receptor ligands and inhibitors of anandamide inactivation with cannabimimetic activity in vitro and in vivo.
12  ectopic Cushing's syndrome
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(17 times)
ACTH (9 times)
CS (7 times)
CD (6 times)
2008 Ectopic Cushing's syndrome due to CRH secreting liver metastasis in a patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma.
13  estrous cow serum
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(28 times)
COCs (8 times)
BSA (7 times)
IVM (6 times)
1989 Effects of sera and steroid hormones on development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro and co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial cells.
14  electrochemical stimulation
(26 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
LHRH (10 times)
MPOA (8 times)
ES (7 times)
1975 Similarity of plasma LH release in androgenized and normal rats following electrochemical stimulation of the basal forebrain.
15  Euro-Collins solution
(24 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
DMEM (2 times)
TGP (2 times)
UWS (2 times)
1988 Distant heart procurement. Impacts of storage solution composition on cardiac performance following transplantation.
16  environmental control system
(23 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
SCI (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
1990 Measurement systems and indices of miners' exposure to radon daughter products in the air of mines.
17  emergency cesarean section
(20 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
DDI (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1992 [Emergency Cesarean section--basic data].
18  environmental cigarette smoke
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
NAC (4 times)
PEITC (3 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
2001 Pilot studies evaluating the lung tumor yield in cigarette smoke-exposed mice.
19  electrochromic shift
(18 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
PMF (7 times)
NPQ (4 times)
CEF (2 times)
2001 Contribution of electric field (Delta psi) to steady-state transthylakoid proton motive force (pmf) in vitro and in vivo. control of pmf parsing into Delta psi and Delta pH by ionic strength.
20  endocytoscopy
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
PPV (3 times)
ECA (2 times)
ESCC (2 times)
2008 In vivo real-time endocytoscopic visualization of blood flow in rectal microvasculature.
21  European Collaborative Study
(16 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
aOR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
HAART (3 times)
1995 Use of polymerase chain reaction and quantitative antibody tests in children born to human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected mothers.
22  endocytoscopy system
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ESCC (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2007 Can an endocytoscope system (ECS) predict histology in neoplastic lesions?
23  embryogenic cell suspension
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ABA (1 time)
AGL (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2005 [Establishment of embryogenic cell suspension culture and plant regeneration of edible banana Musa acuminata cv. Mas (AA)].
24  electrocerebral silence
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EEG (7 times)
BA (1 time)
CFAM (1 time)
1975 The neuropathological findings in irreversible coma. A critque of the "respirator".
25  English Cocker Spaniels
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
CP (2 times)
HN (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
1998 A model of autosomal recessive Alport syndrome in English cocker spaniel dogs.
26  equilibrium climate sensitivity
(12 times)
Science
(6 times)
BNs (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2016 Observational constraints on mixed-phase clouds imply higher climate sensitivity.
27  extracapillary space
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
HF (5 times)
BLAD (3 times)
PFCs (2 times)
1984 X-ray responses of human colon tumor cells grown in artificial capillary culture.
28  electroshock
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
ECS-pilo (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
1982 Changes in noradrenergic neuroendocrine responses following repeated seizures and the mechanism of action of ECT.
29  Esophageal carcinosarcoma
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
cT (2 times)
EC (2 times)
EMT (2 times)
2013 Expression of receptor tyrosine kinases in esophageal carcinosarcoma.
30  ethics consultation service
(10 times)
Ethics
(6 times)
EC (2 times)
DNC (1 time)
2008 Optimising the documentation practices of an Ethics Consultation Service.
31  electrocardiostimulation
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CHB (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1983 [Anti-arrhythmia therapy of acute heart rhythm disorders in the early period after heart valve prosthesis].
32  endocannabinoid signaling
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
2-AG (4 times)
HC (2 times)
AEA (1 time)
2009 Role of endocannabinoid signaling in anxiety and depression.
33  endometrial cancer survivors
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
LI (2 times)
UC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Feasibility and effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program in obese endometrial cancer patients: a randomized trial.
34  extracorporeal septoplasty
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
NOSE (2 times)
CI (1 time)
ISSC (1 time)
2010 Modified extracorporeal septoplasty technique in rhinoplasty for severely deviated noses.
35  elective cardiac surgery
(7 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CPB (2 times)
CTO (2 times)
VD (2 times)
2006 Respiratory transition in infants delivered by cesarean section.
36  Elongin-Cullin-SOCS
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SOCS (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
2004 ASB2 is an Elongin BC-interacting protein that can assemble with Cullin 5 and Rbx1 to reconstitute an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex.
37  emergent cardiac surgery
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TAVI (6 times)
TF (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2012 Emergent cardiac surgery during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI): a weighted meta-analysis of 9,251 patients from 46 studies.
38  endocervical swabs
(7 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
HVS (3 times)
eCVL (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1998 The tampon test for trichomoniasis: a comparison between conventional methods and a polymerase chain reaction for Trichomonas vaginalis in women.
39  ectopic CS
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CS (6 times)
ACTH (4 times)
CD (3 times)
2014 Favorable long-term outcomes of bilateral adrenalectomy in Cushing's disease.
40  editing site complementary sequence
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
A-to-I (2 times)
2'-OMe (1 time)
ADAR (1 time)
2005 Altered RNA editing in mice lacking ADAR2 autoregulation.
41  electrochemical sensor
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
Antibody ELISA (1 time)
Aptamer ALISA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 Fabrication of a sensor chip containing Au and Ag electrodes and its application for sensitive Hg(II) determination using chronocoulometry.
42  electroconvulsive
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AY (1 time)
1985 Chronic but not acute treatment with antidepressants enhances the electroconvulsive seizure response in rats.
43  extracellular solution
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICS (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
1980 An intracellular-like cardioplegic solution. Its enhancement of myocardial protection.
44  extracorporeal support
(6 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Renal replacement therapy in special settings: extracorporeal support devices in liver failure.
45  eye closure sensitivity
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GGE (2 times)
IGE (2 times)
JME (2 times)
2013 Eye closure sensitivity in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and its effect on prognosis.
46  eCB system
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
eCBs (3 times)
2-AG (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 A human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) functional gene variant is associated with lower blood pressure in young males.
47  Eddy current separation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LFP (1 time)
XRF (1 time)
2011 A new model of repulsive force in eddy current separation for recovering waste toner cartridges.
48  elective CS
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
CS (5 times)
ANS (1 time)
ARV's (1 time)
2010 Transient tachypnea of the newborn: effects of labor and delivery type in term and preterm pregnancies.
49  electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
AFM1 (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2014 Impedance-derived electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy for the evaluation of lectin-glycoprotein binding affinity.
50  Emergency care systems
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
GRA (1 time)
2018 Global resuscitation alliance utstein recommendations for developing emergency care systems to improve cardiac arrest survival.
51  endometrial carcinosarcoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCA (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
2013 A core microRNA signature associated with inducers of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.
52  endothelial progenitor cell capturing stent
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TLF (2 times)
TVF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2011 1-year outcome of TRIAS HR (TRI-stent adjudication study-high risk of restenosis) a multicenter, randomized trial comparing genous endothelial progenitor cell capturing stents with drug-eluting stents.
53  energy corrected sudden
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CMDS (1 time)
1998 Line-Mixing Effects in Q Branches of CO2
54  epidermal cell suspension
(5 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
HFCS (2 times)
FCS (1 time)
gamma-IP10 (1 time)
1994 Enrichment of unlabelled human Langerhans cells by modified discontinuous Ficoll-metrizoate density medium and following Langerhans cell culture.
55  equilibrium crystal shape
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DMRG (1 time)
DWELL (1 time)
FRE (1 time)
2000 Facet ridge end points in crystal shapes
56  estimated cumulative survival
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SE (3 times)
ECSs (2 times)
ISCs (2 times)
2013 Understanding Kaplan-Meier and survival statistics.
57  extracapsular nodal spread
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SCC (3 times)
ROC (2 times)
DMFS (1 time)
2010 The effect of tumor width and depth on extracapsular lymp node metastases in tongue tumors.
58  extremity compartment syndrome
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
2011 Extremity compartment syndrome in pigs during hypobaric simulation of aeromedical evacuation.
59  echo comet score
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ONSD (2 times)
PE (2 times)
IQR (1 time)
2016 Lung and cardiac ultrasound for hemodynamic monitoring of patients with severe pre-eclampsia.
60  economy class syndrome
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PFO (1 time)
2002 [Air travel and venous thrombosis].
61  electrocardiosignals
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
1981 [Testing experience with an automatic ECG analysis system in the cardiology clinic].
62  Emergency Care Summary
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
GP (2 times)
2009 An economic analysis of the national shared Emergency Care Summary in Scotland.
63  Emotional Contagion Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
EQ (1 time)
HAS (1 time)
ICIAI (1 time)
2006 A Swedish adaptation of the Emotional Contagion Scale: factor structure and psychometric properties.
64  endocannabinoid signaling system
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CB1R (1 time)
CBR2 (1 time)
HHC (1 time)
2011 AM2389, a high-affinity, in vivo potent CB1-receptor-selective cannabinergic ligand as evidenced by drug discrimination in rats and hypothermia testing in mice.
65  enriched collagen solution
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 1984 Restoration of periodontal attachment employing enriched collagen solution in the dog.
66  equine Cushing's syndrome
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ACTH (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
1998 [Equine Cushing syndrome (ECS). Case report, review of its diagnosis and therapy and substantial differences from Cushing syndrome in dogs].
67  ethically challenging situations
(4 times)
Animal Diseases
(3 times)
CESS (1 time)
2021 Frequency, Stressfulness and Type of Ethically Challenging Situations Encountered by Veterinary Team Members During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
68  European Calcium Society
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HGNC (1 time)
IJMS (1 time)
2006 An update of the S100 nomenclature.
69  evolutionarily conserved sequence
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CD40L (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
ISRE's (1 time)
1990 Sequences of human immunoglobulin switch regions: implications for recombination and transcription.
70  extracranial carotid stenosis
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ICS (2 times)
TIC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2005 [Ischemic stroke and sleep apnea. Relationship between sleep breathing disorders and carotid stenosis].
71  extrudable core system
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
IVIVC (2 times)
API's (1 time)
PEs (1 time)
2008 Extrudable core system: development of a single-layer osmotic controlled-release tablet.
72  E-cigarette smoke
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
2017 Short-term respiratory effects of e-cigarettes in healthy individuals and smokers with asthma.
73  early childhood stimulation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CHIDO (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2018 Evaluating the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention on early childhood development in paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes: a randomised controlled trial.
74  ecological classification system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ELC (1 time)
ELTPs (1 time)
ELTs (1 time)
1996 Development of a multilevel Ecological Classification System for the state of Minnesota.
75  elastic cross section
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ICS (2 times)
TCS (1 time)
TCSs (1 time)
2009 Electron scattering by trimethylene oxide, c-(CH2)3O, molecules.
76  elective colorectal surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2009 Deep and organ/space infections in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery: incidence and impact on hospital length of stay and costs.
77  electrocatalytic system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
p-FNB (2 times)
BES (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2014 Enhanced removal of p-fluoronitrobenzene using bioelectrochemical system.
78  electronic cigarette smoking
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
FBS (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2018 Comparative effects between electronic cigarette and tobacco cigarette smoke on oxidative markers in cultured immune cells isolated from rats.
79  Elixhauser Comorbidity Score
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
2015 Trends, Predictors, and Outcomes of Stroke After Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in the United States.
80  emergency care services
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
ECAT (1 time)
2010 Spouses' experiences of a cardiac arrest at home: an interview study.
81  Emergency Care Simulator
(3 times)
Simulation Training
(1 time)
AWTR (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
HPS (1 time)
2007 A simulation course on lifesaving techniques for third-year medical students.
82  endogenous cardiac steroids
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BD (2 times)
DNA (1 time)
2003 Ouabain is a potent promoter of growth and activator of ERK1/2 in ouabain-resistant rat renal epithelial cells.
83  endogenous Cushing syndrome
(3 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
KS (1 time)
2015 Kaposi sarcoma secondary to endogenous adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing syndrome.
84  energy conversion and storage
(3 times)
Miniaturization
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2013 Nanostructured metal chalcogenides: synthesis, modification, and applications in energy conversion and storage devices.
85  Environmental Complexity Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CSACD (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
NWI-R (1 time)
1994 Environmental safety preparation for community-based nursing educational experiences: measurable indices.
86  error correction system
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BCI (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ErrPs (1 time)
2010 The utility metric: a novel method to assess the overall performance of discrete brain-computer interfaces.
87  esophageal cancer subscale
(3 times)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
FACT-E (2 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2016 Pretreatment quality-of-life score is a better discriminator of oesophageal cancer survival than performance status.
88  esophageal cancer surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
BRT (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2004 The Leapfrog Initiative: a potential threat to surgical education.
89  Eurocollins
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LPD (2 times)
1991 High potassium contents in organ preservation solutions cause strong pulmonary vasocontraction.
90  exact coherent states
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 Toward a structural understanding of turbulent drag reduction: nonlinear coherent states in viscoelastic shear flows.
91  exclusive cigarette smokers
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ENS (3 times)
aOR (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2014 Pulmonary functions of narghile smokers compared to cigarette smokers: a case-control study.
92  Expanded genetic carrier screening
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ARCs (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2019 Expanded genetic carrier screening in clinical practice: a current survey of patient impressions and attitudes.
93  Extracapsular tumor spread
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2008 Extracapsular tumor spread and the risk of local, axillary and supraclavicular recurrence in node-positive, premenopausal patients with breast cancer.
94  extruded cornstarch
(3 times)
Polysaccharides
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AGET (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
2006 Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates from inexpensive extruded rice bran and starch by Haloferax mediterranei.
95  (-)-epicatechin sulfate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2002 Interaction of designed sulfated flavanoids with antithrombin: lessons on the design of organic activators.
96  ear canal stimulation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
fMRI (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1993 Preoperative electrical stimulation for cochlear implant selection. The use of ear canal electrodes versus transtympanic electrodes.
97  Early Career Section
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
IRs (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
US (1 time)
2018 ChemPlusChem Champions Early Career Researchers.
98  early childhood services
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CFCs (1 time)
PBIs (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2009 Developing an award program for children's settings to support healthy eating and physical activity and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity.
99  early coagulation support
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2015 Trauma-induced coagulopathy: impact of the early coagulation support protocol on blood product consumption, mortality and costs.
100  early conservative strategy
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EIS (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2013 Impact of chronic kidney disease in early invasive versus early conservative revascularization strategies in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: a population-based study from NHIRD of Taiwan.