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Abbreviation: ECS
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Long forms: 352

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
electroconvulsive shock
(588 times)
Neurology
(179 times)
ECT (75 times)
DA (16 times)
5-HT (11 times)
1952 The effect of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on a conditioned emotional response: the effect of post-ECS extinction on the reappearance of the response.
endocannabinoid system
(422 times)
Neurology
(69 times)
AEA (49 times)
FAAH (48 times)
2-AG (45 times)
2006 Neuromodulatory functions of the endocannabinoid system.
extracellular space
(241 times)
Neurology
(75 times)
AQP4 (13 times)
CSF (12 times)
ECM (10 times)
1972 Activation of the electrogenic sodium pump in guinea-pig auricles by internal sodium ions.
electroconvulsive seizures
(193 times)
Neurology
(80 times)
ECT (66 times)
BDNF (18 times)
NPY (15 times)
1975 Does piracetam counteract the ECT-induced memory dysfunctions in depressed patients?
extracapsular spread
(160 times)
Neoplasms
(81 times)
OS (29 times)
OSCC (21 times)
HNSCC (18 times)
1981 The extracapsular spread of tumors in cervical node metastasis.
East China Sea
(145 times)
Environmental Health
(100 times)
SCS (15 times)
YS (14 times)
PAHs (12 times)
2004 Ocean pollution from land-based sources: East China Sea, China.
electrical cortical stimulation
(100 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
ECoG (19 times)
fMRI (18 times)
LHRH (10 times)
1975 Similarity of plasma LH release in androgenized and normal rats following electrochemical stimulation of the basal forebrain.
elective cesarean section
(45 times)
Perinatology
(10 times)
VD (9 times)
TTN (5 times)
CS (3 times)
1982 [The secretion of calcitonin in the newborn infant in relation to the method of delivery].
expanded carrier screening
(38 times)
Genetics, Medical
(19 times)
ACOG (3 times)
AR (3 times)
ARCs (2 times)
2013 Expanded carrier screening in reproductive healthcare: perspectives from genetics professionals.
10  elastic compression stockings
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
DVT (24 times)
PTS (21 times)
CVI (4 times)
1993 Perimalleolar subcutaneous tissue pressure effects of elastic compression stockings.
11  estrous cow serum
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(28 times)
COCs (8 times)
BSA (7 times)
IVM (6 times)
1989 Effects of sera and steroid hormones on development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro and co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial cells.
12  endogenous cannabinoid system
(28 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FAAH (6 times)
CB1 (5 times)
CNS (3 times)
2000 N-acyl-dopamines: novel synthetic CB(1) cannabinoid-receptor ligands and inhibitors of anandamide inactivation with cannabimimetic activity in vitro and in vivo.
13  Euro-Collins solution
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
UWS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
1988 Distant heart procurement. Impacts of storage solution composition on cardiac performance following transplantation.
14  environmental cigarette smoke
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
NAC (4 times)
PEITC (3 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
2001 Pilot studies evaluating the lung tumor yield in cigarette smoke-exposed mice.
15  environmental control system
(19 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
SCI (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
1990 Measurement systems and indices of miners' exposure to radon daughter products in the air of mines.
16  ectopic Cushing's syndrome
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
MTC (3 times)
NETs (3 times)
SCLC (3 times)
2008 Ectopic Cushing's syndrome due to CRH secreting liver metastasis in a patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma.
17  European Collaborative Study
(16 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
AOR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
HAART (3 times)
1995 Use of polymerase chain reaction and quantitative antibody tests in children born to human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected mothers.
18  electrochromic shift
(15 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
PMF (6 times)
NPQ (4 times)
CEF (2 times)
2001 Contribution of electric field (Delta psi) to steady-state transthylakoid proton motive force (pmf) in vitro and in vivo. control of pmf parsing into Delta psi and Delta pH by ionic strength.
19  emergency cesarean section
(14 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
DDI (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1992 [Emergency Cesarean section--basic data].
20  electrocerebral silence
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EEG (7 times)
BA (1 time)
CFAM (1 time)
1975 The neuropathological findings in irreversible coma. A critque of the "respirator".
21  electroshock
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
ECS-pilo (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
1982 Changes in noradrenergic neuroendocrine responses following repeated seizures and the mechanism of action of ECT.
22  endocytoscopy system
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ESCC (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2007 Can an endocytoscope system (ECS) predict histology in neoplastic lesions?
23  extracapillary space
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
HF (5 times)
BLAD (3 times)
PFCs (2 times)
1984 X-ray responses of human colon tumor cells grown in artificial capillary culture.
24  English Cocker Spaniels
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
HN (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
1998 A model of autosomal recessive Alport syndrome in English cocker spaniel dogs.
25  electrocardiostimulation
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CHB (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1983 [Anti-arrhythmia therapy of acute heart rhythm disorders in the early period after heart valve prosthesis].
26  embryogenic cell suspension
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AGL (1 time)
BBM (1 time)
BOL (1 time)
2005 [Establishment of embryogenic cell suspension culture and plant regeneration of edible banana Musa acuminata cv. Mas (AA)].
27  endocytoscopy
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
ECA (2 times)
NBI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2008 In vivo real-time endocytoscopic visualization of blood flow in rectal microvasculature.
28  endometrial cancer survivors
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
LI (2 times)
UC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Feasibility and effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program in obese endometrial cancer patients: a randomized trial.
29  Elongin-Cullin-SOCS
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SOCS (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
2005 ASB2 is an Elongin BC-interacting protein that can assemble with Cullin 5 and Rbx1 to reconstitute an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex.
30  endocervical swabs
(7 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
HVS (3 times)
eCVL (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1998 The tampon test for trichomoniasis: a comparison between conventional methods and a polymerase chain reaction for Trichomonas vaginalis in women.
31  equilibrium climate sensitivity
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
BNs (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
DTR (1 time)
2016 Observational constraints on mixed-phase clouds imply higher climate sensitivity.
32  extracellular solution
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICS (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
1980 An intracellular-like cardioplegic solution. Its enhancement of myocardial protection.
33  extracorporeal septoplasty
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
NOSE (2 times)
CI (1 time)
ISSC (1 time)
2010 Modified extracorporeal septoplasty technique in rhinoplasty for severely deviated noses.
34  elective cardiac surgery
(6 times)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CPB (2 times)
CTO (2 times)
VD (2 times)
2006 Respiratory transition in infants delivered by cesarean section.
35  electroconvulsive
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AY (1 time)
1985 Chronic but not acute treatment with antidepressants enhances the electroconvulsive seizure response in rats.
36  emergent cardiac surgery
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TAVI (5 times)
TF (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2013 Emergent cardiac surgery during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI): a weighted meta-analysis of 9,251 patients from 46 studies.
37  extracorporeal support
(6 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Renal replacement therapy in special settings: extracorporeal support devices in liver failure.
38  Eddy current separation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
LFP (1 time)
XRF (1 time)
2011 A new model of repulsive force in eddy current separation for recovering waste toner cartridges.
39  endothelial progenitor cell capturing stent
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TLF (2 times)
TVF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2011 1-year outcome of TRIAS HR (TRI-stent adjudication study-high risk of restenosis) a multicenter, randomized trial comparing genous endothelial progenitor cell capturing stents with drug-eluting stents.
40  energy corrected sudden
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CMDS (1 time)
1997 Line-Mixing Effects in Q Branches of CO2
41  equilibrium crystal shape
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DMRG (1 time)
DWELL (1 time)
FRE (1 time)
2000 Facet ridge end points in crystal shapes
42  Esophageal carcinosarcoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
cT (2 times)
DES (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2013 Expression of receptor tyrosine kinases in esophageal carcinosarcoma.
43  estimated cumulative survival
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SE (3 times)
ECSs (2 times)
ISCs (2 times)
2013 Understanding Kaplan-Meier and survival statistics.
44  ethics consultation service
(5 times)
Ethics
(4 times)
DNC (1 time)
2009 Optimising the documentation practices of an Ethics Consultation Service.
45  extracapsular nodal spread
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SCC (3 times)
ROC (2 times)
DMFS (1 time)
2010 The effect of tumor width and depth on extracapsular lymp node metastases in tongue tumors.
46  eCB system
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
eCBs (3 times)
2-AG (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 A human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) functional gene variant is associated with lower blood pressure in young males.
47  elective CS
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CS (4 times)
ANS (1 time)
ARV's (1 time)
2011 Transient tachypnea of the newborn: effects of labor and delivery type in term and preterm pregnancies.
48  electrocardiosignals
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
1981 [Testing experience with an automatic ECG analysis system in the cardiology clinic].
49  electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AFM1 (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2014 Impedance-derived electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy for the evaluation of lectin-glycoprotein binding affinity.
50  electrochemical sensor
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
Antibody ELISA (1 time)
Aptamer ALISA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 Fabrication of a sensor chip containing Au and Ag electrodes and its application for sensitive Hg(II) determination using chronocoulometry.
51  Emergency Care Summary
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
GP (2 times)
2009 An economic analysis of the national shared Emergency Care Summary in Scotland.
52  Emotional Contagion Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
EQ (1 time)
HAS (1 time)
ICIAI (1 time)
2006 A Swedish adaptation of the Emotional Contagion Scale: factor structure and psychometric properties.
53  endocannabinoid signaling
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
2-AG (1 time)
CB2 (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2009 Role of endocannabinoid signaling in anxiety and depression.
54  endocannabinoid signaling system
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CB1R (1 time)
CBR2 (1 time)
HHC (1 time)
2012 AM2389, a high-affinity, in vivo potent CB1-receptor-selective cannabinergic ligand as evidenced by drug discrimination in rats and hypothermia testing in mice.
55  Endometrial carcinosarcoma
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
DEGs (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2014 A core microRNA signature associated with inducers of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.
56  enriched collagen solution
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 1984 Restoration of periodontal attachment employing enriched collagen solution in the dog.
57  equine Cushing's syndrome
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ACTH (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
1998 [Equine Cushing syndrome (ECS). Case report, review of its diagnosis and therapy and substantial differences from Cushing syndrome in dogs].
58  evolutionary conserved sequence
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CD40L (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
ISRE's (1 time)
1990 Sequences of human immunoglobulin switch regions: implications for recombination and transcription.
59  extracranial carotid stenosis
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ICS (2 times)
TIC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2005 [Ischemic stroke and sleep apnea. Relationship between sleep breathing disorders and carotid stenosis].
60  eye closure sensitivity
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IGE (2 times)
JME (2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
2013 Eye closure sensitivity in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and its effect on prognosis.
61  early childhood stimulation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CHIDO (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2018 Evaluating the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention on early childhood development in paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes: a randomised controlled trial.
62  ecological classification system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ELC (1 time)
ELTPs (1 time)
ELTs (1 time)
1996 Development of a multilevel Ecological Classification System for the state of Minnesota.
63  economy class syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PFO (1 time)
2002 [Air travel and venous thrombosis].
64  ectopic CS
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CS (3 times)
ACC (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
2014 Favorable long-term outcomes of bilateral adrenalectomy in Cushing's disease.
65  elastic cross section
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ICS (2 times)
TCS (1 time)
TCSs (1 time)
2009 Electron scattering by trimethylene oxide, c-(CH2)3O, molecules.
66  elective colorectal surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2009 Deep and organ/space infections in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery: incidence and impact on hospital length of stay and costs.
67  emergency call services
(3 times)
Emergency Service, Hospital
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
ECAT (1 time)
2010 Spouses' experiences of a cardiac arrest at home: an interview study.
68  endogenous cardiac steroids
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BD (2 times)
DNA (1 time)
2003 Ouabain is a potent promoter of growth and activator of ERK1/2 in ouabain-resistant rat renal epithelial cells.
69  Environmental Complexity Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CSACD (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
NWI-R (1 time)
1994 Environmental safety preparation for community-based nursing educational experiences: measurable indices.
70  epidermal cell suspensions
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
FCS (1 time)
gamma-IP10 (1 time)
ICAM-1, CD54 (1 time)
1994 Enrichment of unlabelled human Langerhans cells by modified discontinuous Ficoll-metrizoate density medium and following Langerhans cell culture.
71  error correction system
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BCI (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ErrPs (1 time)
2010 The utility metric: a novel method to assess the overall performance of discrete brain-computer interfaces.
72  Euro-Collins
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LPD (2 times)
1991 High potassium contents in organ preservation solutions cause strong pulmonary vasocontraction.
73  European Calcium Society
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HGNC (1 time)
IJMS (1 time)
2006 An update of the S100 nomenclature.
74  exact coherent states
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 Toward a structural understanding of turbulent drag reduction: nonlinear coherent states in viscoelastic shear flows.
75  exclusive cigarette smokers
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ENS (3 times)
LAOVD (2 times)
LLN (2 times)
2013 Pulmonary functions of narghile smokers compared to cigarette smokers: a case-control study.
76  extra-capsular tumour spread
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2008 Extracapsular tumor spread and the risk of local, axillary and supraclavicular recurrence in node-positive, premenopausal patients with breast cancer.
77  extremity compartment syndrome
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2011 Extremity compartment syndrome in pigs during hypobaric simulation of aeromedical evacuation.
78  (-)-epicatechin sulfate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2002 Interaction of designed sulfated flavanoids with antithrombin: lessons on the design of organic activators.
79  ear canal stimulation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
fMRI (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1993 Preoperative electrical stimulation for cochlear implant selection. The use of ear canal electrodes versus transtympanic electrodes.
80  early coagulation support
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
2015 Trauma-induced coagulopathy: impact of the early coagulation support protocol on blood product consumption, mortality and costs.
81  early conservative strategy
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EIS (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2013 Impact of chronic kidney disease in early invasive versus early conservative revascularization strategies in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: a population-based study from NHIRD of Taiwan.
82  Ease of Communication Scale
(2 times)
Midwifery
(1 time)
HADS (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
SPEACS-2 (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Using Communication Boards on Ease of Communication and Anxiety in Mechanically Ventilated Conscious Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units.
83  EBIT calorimeter spectrometer
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EBIT (2 times)
2008 Performance of the EBIT calorimeter spectrometer.
84  echo comet score
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ONSD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PLR (1 time)
2017 Lung and cardiac ultrasound for hemodynamic monitoring of patients with severe pre-eclampsia.
85  echocontrast cystosonography
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MCU (2 times)
VUR (2 times)
K-U (1 time)
1998 Cystosonography with echocontrast: a new imaging modality to detect vesicoureteric reflux in children.
86  eddy current sensor
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
BTC (1 time)
BTCMM (1 time)
2014 Ultrahigh-resolution and non-contact diameter measurement of metallic wire using eddy current sensor.
87  editing site complementary sequence
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
A-to-I (1 time)
ADAR (1 time)
SRSF9 (1 time)
2006 Altered RNA editing in mice lacking ADAR2 autoregulation.
88  elastance
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AT-1 (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2001 Cardiac nitric oxide production due to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition decreases beta-adrenergic myocardial contractility in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
89  elderly control subjects
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
YCS (1 time)
1993 Auditory function in Alzheimer's disease.
90  elective cesarean
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
NECS (2 times)
2016 Complications and Route of Delivery in a Large Cohort Study of HIV-1-Infected Women-IMPAACT P1025.
91  electric shock
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
1986 Increased regularity of activity of cortical neurons in learning due to disinhibitory effect of reinforcement.
92  electrocatalytic system
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
p-FNB (2 times)
BES (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2014 Enhanced removal of p-fluoronitrobenzene using bioelectrochemical system.
93  electroconvulsive shock therapy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
rTMS (1 time)
1983 Chronic in vivo treatment with desmethylimipramine and mianserin does not alter adenosine A-1 radioligand binding in rat cortex.
94  electroconvulsive treatment
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CaMKII (1 time)
1994 Differential involvement of voltage-dependent calcium channels in apomorphine-induced hypermotility and stereotypy.
95  electronic claims submission
(2 times)
--- 1992 ECS (electronic claims submission) paradigm shift revisited: the next phase.
96  electroshock seizures
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
MES (1 time)
2003 Mediation of nitric oxide in inhibitory effect of morphine against electroshock-induced convulsions in mice.
97  Elia CTD Screen
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
ANA (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
AASARD (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the clinical utility of the Elia CTD Screen to indirect immunofluorescence on Hep-2 cells.
98  embryonal calf serum
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1992 [Cells inhibiting the formation of stromal CFU-F colonies in bone marrow cultures].
99  embryonal carcinoma stem
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
ES (1 time)
FND (1 time)
2014 Labeling of neuronal differentiation and neuron cells with biocompatible fluorescent nanodiamonds.
100  emergency care simulator
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2007 A simulation course on lifesaving techniques for third-year medical students.