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Abbreviation: ECS
Appearance Frequency: 2553 time(s)
Long forms: 325

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
electroconvulsive shock
(585 times)
Neurology
(178 times)
ECT (74 times)
DA (16 times)
5-HT (11 times)
1952 The effect of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on a conditioned emotional response: the effect of post-ECS extinction on the reappearance of the response.
endocannabinoid system
(363 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
AEA (43 times)
FAAH (39 times)
2-AG (38 times)
2006 Neuromodulatory functions of the endocannabinoid system.
extracellular space
(231 times)
Neurology
(71 times)
AQP4 (11 times)
CSF (11 times)
ECM (10 times)
1972 Activation of the electrogenic sodium pump in guinea-pig auricles by internal sodium ions.
electroconvulsive seizures
(184 times)
Neurology
(76 times)
ECT (62 times)
BDNF (18 times)
NPY (15 times)
1975 Does piracetam counteract the ECT-induced memory dysfunctions in depressed patients?
extracapsular spread
(154 times)
Neoplasms
(79 times)
OS (27 times)
OSCC (20 times)
HNSCC (18 times)
1981 The extracapsular spread of tumors in cervical node metastasis.
East China Sea
(118 times)
Environmental Health
(83 times)
SCS (11 times)
PAHs (10 times)
YRE (9 times)
2004 Ocean pollution from land-based sources: East China Sea, China.
electrical cortical stimulation
(93 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
ECoG (19 times)
fMRI (17 times)
LHRH (10 times)
1975 Similarity of plasma LH release in androgenized and normal rats following electrochemical stimulation of the basal forebrain.
elective cesarean section
(41 times)
Perinatology
(9 times)
VD (9 times)
TTN (4 times)
IFN (3 times)
1982 [The secretion of calcitonin in the newborn infant in relation to the method of delivery].
elastic compression stockings
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
DVT (24 times)
PTS (21 times)
CVI (4 times)
1993 Perimalleolar subcutaneous tissue pressure effects of elastic compression stockings.
10  estrous cow serum
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(28 times)
COCs (8 times)
BSA (7 times)
IVM (6 times)
1989 Effects of sera and steroid hormones on development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro and co-cultured with bovine oviduct epithelial cells.
11  expanded carrier screening
(26 times)
Genetics, Medical
(12 times)
ACOG (2 times)
ACMG (1 time)
ARC (1 time)
2013 Expanded carrier screening in reproductive healthcare: perspectives from genetics professionals.
12  endogenous cannabinoid system
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
CB1 (5 times)
FAAH (5 times)
CNS (3 times)
2000 N-acyl-dopamines: novel synthetic CB(1) cannabinoid-receptor ligands and inhibitors of anandamide inactivation with cannabimimetic activity in vitro and in vivo.
13  Euro-Collins solution
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
UWS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
1988 Distant heart procurement. Impacts of storage solution composition on cardiac performance following transplantation.
14  environmental cigarette smoke
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
NAC (4 times)
PEITC (3 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
2001 Pilot studies evaluating the lung tumor yield in cigarette smoke-exposed mice.
15  environmental control system
(19 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
SCI (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
1990 Measurement systems and indices of miners' exposure to radon daughter products in the air of mines.
16  European Collaborative Study
(16 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
AOR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
HAART (3 times)
1995 Use of polymerase chain reaction and quantitative antibody tests in children born to human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected mothers.
17  ectopic Cushing's syndrome
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
NETs (3 times)
SCLC (3 times)
ACTH (2 times)
2008 Ectopic Cushing's syndrome due to CRH secreting liver metastasis in a patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma.
18  electrochromic shift
(14 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
PMF (6 times)
NPQ (4 times)
CEF (2 times)
2001 Contribution of electric field (Delta psi) to steady-state transthylakoid proton motive force (pmf) in vitro and in vivo. control of pmf parsing into Delta psi and Delta pH by ionic strength.
19  electrocerebral silence
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EEG (7 times)
BA (1 time)
CFAM (1 time)
1975 The neuropathological findings in irreversible coma. A critque of the "respirator".
20  emergency cesarean section
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(8 times)
DDI (3 times)
CS (2 times)
NRFHR (2 times)
1992 [Emergency Cesarean section--basic data].
21  electroshock
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
ECS-pilo (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
1982 Changes in noradrenergic neuroendocrine responses following repeated seizures and the mechanism of action of ECT.
22  endocytoscopy system
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ESCC (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2007 Can an endocytoscope system (ECS) predict histology in neoplastic lesions?
23  extracapillary space
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
HF (5 times)
BLAD (3 times)
PFCs (2 times)
1984 X-ray responses of human colon tumor cells grown in artificial capillary culture.
24  electrocardiostimulation
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CHB (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1983 [Anti-arrhythmia therapy of acute heart rhythm disorders in the early period after heart valve prosthesis].
25  endocytoscopy
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
ECA (2 times)
NBI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2008 In vivo real-time endocytoscopic visualization of blood flow in rectal microvasculature.
26  endometrial cancer survivors
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
LI (2 times)
UC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Feasibility and effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program in obese endometrial cancer patients: a randomized trial.
27  Elongin-Cullin-SOCS
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SOCS (2 times)
DCs (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
2005 ASB2 is an Elongin BC-interacting protein that can assemble with Cullin 5 and Rbx1 to reconstitute an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex.
28  embryogenic cell suspension
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AGL (1 time)
BBM (1 time)
BOL (1 time)
2005 [Establishment of embryogenic cell suspension culture and plant regeneration of edible banana Musa acuminata cv. Mas (AA)].
29  English Cocker Spaniels
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HN (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
alpha-Toc (1 time)
1998 A model of autosomal recessive Alport syndrome in English cocker spaniel dogs.
30  extracellular solution
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICS (2 times)
BCM (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
1980 An intracellular-like cardioplegic solution. Its enhancement of myocardial protection.
31  elective cardiac surgery
(6 times)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CPB (2 times)
CTO (2 times)
VD (2 times)
2006 Respiratory transition in infants delivered by cesarean section.
32  electroconvulsive
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AY (1 time)
1985 Chronic but not acute treatment with antidepressants enhances the electroconvulsive seizure response in rats.
33  endocervical swab
(6 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(2 times)
eCVL (2 times)
HVS (2 times)
MC (2 times)
1998 The tampon test for trichomoniasis: a comparison between conventional methods and a polymerase chain reaction for Trichomonas vaginalis in women.
34  extracorporeal support
(6 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Renal replacement therapy in special settings: extracorporeal support devices in liver failure.
35  emergent cardiac surgery
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TAVI (5 times)
TF (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2013 Emergent cardiac surgery during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI): a weighted meta-analysis of 9,251 patients from 46 studies.
36  endothelial progenitor cell capturing stent
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TLF (2 times)
TVF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2011 1-year outcome of TRIAS HR (TRI-stent adjudication study-high risk of restenosis) a multicenter, randomized trial comparing genous endothelial progenitor cell capturing stents with drug-eluting stents.
37  energy corrected sudden
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CMDS (1 time)
1997 Line-Mixing Effects in Q Branches of CO2
38  equilibrium crystal shape
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DMRG (1 time)
DWELL (1 time)
FRE (1 time)
2000 Facet ridge end points in crystal shapes
39  estimated cumulative survival
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SE (3 times)
ECSs (2 times)
ISCs (2 times)
2013 Understanding Kaplan-Meier and survival statistics.
40  ethics consultation service
(5 times)
Ethics
(4 times)
DNC (1 time)
2009 Optimising the documentation practices of an Ethics Consultation Service.
41  extracapsular nodal spread
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SCC (3 times)
ROC (2 times)
DMFS (1 time)
2010 The effect of tumor width and depth on extracapsular lymp node metastases in tongue tumors.
42  extracorporeal septoplasty
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ISSC (1 time)
2010 Modified extracorporeal septoplasty technique in rhinoplasty for severely deviated noses.
43  eCB system
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
eCBs (3 times)
2-AG (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 A human fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) functional gene variant is associated with lower blood pressure in young males.
44  electrocardiosignals
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HPS (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
1981 [Testing experience with an automatic ECG analysis system in the cardiology clinic].
45  Emergency Care Summary
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
GP (2 times)
2009 An economic analysis of the national shared Emergency Care Summary in Scotland.
46  endocannabinoid signaling system
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CB1R (1 time)
CBR2 (1 time)
HHC (1 time)
2012 AM2389, a high-affinity, in vivo potent CB1-receptor-selective cannabinergic ligand as evidenced by drug discrimination in rats and hypothermia testing in mice.
47  endocannabinoid signalling
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
2-AG (1 time)
CB2 (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2009 Role of endocannabinoid signaling in anxiety and depression.
48  enriched collagen solution
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 1984 Restoration of periodontal attachment employing enriched collagen solution in the dog.
49  equilibrium climate sensitivity
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
GCM (1 time)
IPCC (1 time)
2016 Observational constraints on mixed-phase clouds imply higher climate sensitivity.
50  equine Cushing's syndrome
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ACTH (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
1998 [Equine Cushing syndrome (ECS). Case report, review of its diagnosis and therapy and substantial differences from Cushing syndrome in dogs].
51  evolutionary conserved sequence
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CD40L (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
ISRE's (1 time)
1990 Sequences of human immunoglobulin switch regions: implications for recombination and transcription.
52  exclusive cigarette smokers
(4 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ENS (4 times)
LAOVD (2 times)
LLN (2 times)
2013 Pulmonary functions of narghile smokers compared to cigarette smokers: a case-control study.
53  extracranial carotid stenosis
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ICS (2 times)
TIC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2005 [Ischemic stroke and sleep apnea. Relationship between sleep breathing disorders and carotid stenosis].
54  ecological classification system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ELC (1 time)
ELTPs (1 time)
ELTs (1 time)
1996 Development of a multilevel Ecological Classification System for the state of Minnesota.
55  economy class syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PFO (1 time)
2002 [Air travel and venous thrombosis].
56  eddy current separation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
XRF (1 time)
2011 A new model of repulsive force in eddy current separation for recovering waste toner cartridges.
57  elective colorectal surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2009 Deep and organ/space infections in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery: incidence and impact on hospital length of stay and costs.
58  electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
2014 Impedance-derived electrochemical capacitance spectroscopy for the evaluation of lectin-glycoprotein binding affinity.
59  electrochemical sensor
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Antibody ELISA (1 time)
Aptamer ALISA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 Fabrication of a sensor chip containing Au and Ag electrodes and its application for sensitive Hg(II) determination using chronocoulometry.
60  Emotional Contagion Scale
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2006 A Swedish adaptation of the Emotional Contagion Scale: factor structure and psychometric properties.
61  Environmental Complexity Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CSACD (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
NWI-R (1 time)
1994 Environmental safety preparation for community-based nursing educational experiences: measurable indices.
62  epidermal cell suspensions
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
FCS (1 time)
gamma-IP10 (1 time)
ICAM-1, CD54 (1 time)
1994 Enrichment of unlabelled human Langerhans cells by modified discontinuous Ficoll-metrizoate density medium and following Langerhans cell culture.
63  error correction system
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BCI (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ErrPs (1 time)
2010 The utility metric: a novel method to assess the overall performance of discrete brain-computer interfaces.
64  Eurocollins
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LPD (2 times)
1991 High potassium contents in organ preservation solutions cause strong pulmonary vasocontraction.
65  extra-capsular tumour spread
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2008 Extracapsular tumor spread and the risk of local, axillary and supraclavicular recurrence in node-positive, premenopausal patients with breast cancer.
66  eye closure sensitivity
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
JME (2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2013 Eye closure sensitivity in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and its effect on prognosis.
67  (-)-epicatechin sulfate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2002 Interaction of designed sulfated flavanoids with antithrombin: lessons on the design of organic activators.
68  ear canal stimulation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
fMRI (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1993 Preoperative electrical stimulation for cochlear implant selection. The use of ear canal electrodes versus transtympanic electrodes.
69  early conservative strategy
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EIS (2 times)
CKD (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
2013 Impact of chronic kidney disease in early invasive versus early conservative revascularization strategies in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: a population-based study from NHIRD of Taiwan.
70  EBIT calorimeter spectrometer
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EBIT (2 times)
2008 Performance of the EBIT calorimeter spectrometer.
71  echo comet score
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ONSD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PLR (1 time)
2017 Lung and cardiac ultrasound for hemodynamic monitoring of patients with severe pre-eclampsia.
72  echocontrast cystosonography
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MCU (2 times)
VUR (2 times)
K-U (1 time)
1998 Cystosonography with echocontrast: a new imaging modality to detect vesicoureteric reflux in children.
73  ectopic CS
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
BAH (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2014 Favorable long-term outcomes of bilateral adrenalectomy in Cushing's disease.
74  editing site complementary sequence
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
A-to-I (1 time)
ADAR (1 time)
SRSF9 (1 time)
2006 Altered RNA editing in mice lacking ADAR2 autoregulation.
75  elastic cross sections
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ICS (1 time)
TCS (1 time)
2009 Electron scattering by trimethylene oxide, c-(CH2)3O, molecules.
76  elderly control subjects
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
YCS (1 time)
1993 Auditory function in Alzheimer's disease.
77  elective CS
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
ARV's (1 time)
TTN (1 time)
2011 Transient tachypnea of the newborn: effects of labor and delivery type in term and preterm pregnancies.
78  electric shock
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
PTZ (1 time)
1986 Increased regularity of activity of cortical neurons in learning due to disinhibitory effect of reinforcement.
79  electrocatalytic system
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
p-FNB (2 times)
BES (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2014 Enhanced removal of p-fluoronitrobenzene using bioelectrochemical system.
80  electroconvulsive shock therapy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
rTMS (1 time)
1983 Chronic in vivo treatment with desmethylimipramine and mianserin does not alter adenosine A-1 radioligand binding in rat cortex.
81  electroconvulsive treatment
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CaMKII (1 time)
1994 Differential involvement of voltage-dependent calcium channels in apomorphine-induced hypermotility and stereotypy.
82  electronic claims submission
(2 times)
--- 1992 ECS (electronic claims submission) paradigm shift revisited: the next phase.
83  electroshock seizures
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
MES (1 time)
2003 Mediation of nitric oxide in inhibitory effect of morphine against electroshock-induced convulsions in mice.
84  Elia CTD Screen
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
ANA (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
AASARD (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the clinical utility of the Elia CTD Screen to indirect immunofluorescence on Hep-2 cells.
85  embryonal calf serum
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1992 [Cells inhibiting the formation of stromal CFU-F colonies in bone marrow cultures].
86  embryonal carcinoma stem
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
ES (1 time)
FND (1 time)
2014 Labeling of neuronal differentiation and neuron cells with biocompatible fluorescent nanodiamonds.
87  emergency call services
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
LICs (1 time)
2010 Spouses' experiences of a cardiac arrest at home: an interview study.
88  emergency care simulator
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2007 A simulation course on lifesaving techniques for third-year medical students.
89  en coup de sabre
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
2015 CNS imaging findings associated with Parry-Romberg syndrome and en coup de sabre: correlation to dermatologic and neurologic abnormalities.
90  encapsidation sequence
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
JHMV (1 time)
1998 Variability of persisting MHV RNA sequences constituting immune and replication-relevant domains.
91  endogenous cardiac steroids
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
DNA (1 time)
2003 Ouabain is a potent promoter of growth and activator of ERK1/2 in ouabain-resistant rat renal epithelial cells.
92  endogenous Cushing syndrome
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
KS (1 time)
2016 Kaposi sarcoma secondary to endogenous adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing syndrome.
93  endometrial carcinosarcomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2014 A core microRNA signature associated with inducers of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.
94  endonuclease cleavage site
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
PD (1 time)
2002 An mRNA 3' processing site targets downstream sequences for rapid degradation in Chlamydomonas chloroplasts.
95  endoscope control system
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
dVRK (1 time)
fits (1 time)
iNMIs (1 time)
1993 A system approach to pharmacodynamics. Input-effect control system analysis of central nervous system effect of alfentanil.
96  energy consumption
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
ICC (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2010 Reproducibility of energy cost of locomotion in ambulatory children with spina bifida.
97  environmental change strategies
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2013 Using community surveys to inform the planning and implementation of environmental change strategies: participatory research in 12 Washington communities.
98  environmental CS
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
8-oxodGuo (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
2008 Exposure of mice to cigarette smoke and/or light causes DNA alterations in heart and aorta.
99  epidermal cell size
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DBCF (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
EBD (1 time)
2016 In vivo reflectance-mode confocal microscopy assessments: impact of overweight on human skin microcirculation and histomorphology.
100  Eppendorf-Cologne Scale
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
AUROC (2 times)
GCS (2 times)
TBI (1 time)
2012 Introduction of a novel trauma score.