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Abbreviation: ECs
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Long forms: 236

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endothelial cells
(6883 times)
Vascular Diseases
(911 times)
SMCs (433 times)
VEGF (425 times)
HUVECs (374 times)
1981 Synthesis and release of factor VIII by cultured human endothelial cells.
emerging contaminants
(149 times)
Environmental Health
(121 times)
PPCPs (15 times)
WWTPs (12 times)
EDCs (10 times)
2009 Sorption behavior of a synthetic antioxidant, polycyclic musk, and an organophosphate insecticide in wastewater sludge.
epithelial cells
(149 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(30 times)
DCs (17 times)
IELs (8 times)
SMCs (8 times)
1984 Cytological characteristics of cultured epithelial cells from thymomas in BUF/Mna rats.
electronic cigarettes
(142 times)
Public Health
(33 times)
CCs (15 times)
NRT (8 times)
CI (7 times)
2012 Electronic cigarettes: effective nicotine delivery after acute administration.
elite controllers
(66 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
ART (20 times)
LTNPs (10 times)
HIV (6 times)
2007 The major histocompatibility complex class II alleles Mamu-DRB1*1003 and -DRB1*0306 are enriched in a cohort of simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaque elite controllers.
endometrial carcinomas
(60 times)
Pathology
(29 times)
MMR (7 times)
POLE (6 times)
ER (5 times)
2001 K-ras mutations in endometrial carcinomas with microsatellite instability.
endocannabinoids
(57 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
2-AG (22 times)
AEA (17 times)
ECS (14 times)
2005 Endocannabinoid lipids and mediated system: implications for alcoholism and neuropsychiatric disorders.
enterocytes
(45 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(11 times)
ISCs (23 times)
EEs (9 times)
EBs (7 times)
2009 Cytokine/Jak/Stat signaling mediates regeneration and homeostasis in the Drosophila midgut.
endometrial cancers
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
FIGO (3 times)
MMR (3 times)
POLE (3 times)
1998 The PTEN, BAX, and IGFIIR genes are mutated in endometrial atypical hyperplasia.
10  electrochemical capacitors
(42 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
AC (4 times)
CV (3 times)
LIBs (3 times)
2010 Manganese oxide-based materials as electrochemical supercapacitor electrodes.
11  ethics committees
(38 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
IRBs (4 times)
EU (2 times)
AAHRPP (1 time)
1997 The ethics committee of a psychiatric college: its procedures and themes.
12  Endocannabinoids
(33 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
2-AG (13 times)
AEA (10 times)
FAAH (4 times)
2008 The endocannabinoid system in obesity and type 2 diabetes.
13  e-cigarettes
(26 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
HTPs (5 times)
NRT (2 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
2014 Carbonyl compounds in electronic cigarette vapors: effects of nicotine solvent and battery output voltage.
14  epidermoid cysts
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
ADC (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1999 Supratentorial dorsal cistern epidermoid cyst in childhood.
15  emergency centres
(23 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
EM (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
1999 Emergency center categorization standards.
16  epidermal cells
(22 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
DTH (3 times)
LCs (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1985 The suppressive effect of tape-stripping treatment of guinea-pig skin on the induction of contact sensitivity by intradermal injection of haptenated epidermal cells.
17  elimination capacities
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
BTF (3 times)
VOCs (3 times)
BTFs (2 times)
2009 Two-stage gas-phase bioreactor for the combined removal of hydrogen sulphide, methanol and alpha-pinene.
18  elongation complexes
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
RNAP (5 times)
CTD (2 times)
pol (2 times)
1998 Functional topography of nascent RNA in elongation intermediates of RNA polymerase.
19  eccentric contractions
(17 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
MHC (2 times)
MLP (2 times)
2002 Desmin cytoskeletal modifications after a bout of eccentric exercise in the rat.
20  escort cells
(17 times)
Biology
(8 times)
GSC (8 times)
GSCs (6 times)
BMP (3 times)
2011 Loss of lysine-specific demethylase 1 nonautonomously causes stem cell tumors in the Drosophila ovary.
21  embryogenic cells
(16 times)
Botany
(7 times)
NECs (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2005 Atomic force microscopy and laser confocal scanning microscopy analysis of callose fibers developed from protoplasts of embryogenic cells of a conifer.
22  epidemic clones
(16 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MLST (3 times)
STs (3 times)
VTs (3 times)
2008 Expansion and countrywide dissemination of ST11, ST15 and ST147 ciprofloxacin-resistant CTX-M-15-type beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae epidemic clones in Hungary in 2005--the new 'MRSAs'?
23  environmental chemicals
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
DEHP (1 time)
EDCs (1 time)
HPG (1 time)
2007 Human metabolic interactions of environmental chemicals.
24  ependymal cells
(15 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(3 times)
MBH (3 times)
PT (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2009 X-ray exposure induces apoptosis of some proliferative epidermal cells following traumatic spinal cord injury in adult rats.
25  embryonal carcinomas
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
GCTs (4 times)
YSTs (4 times)
GCC (2 times)
1998 FGF4 dissociates anti-tumorigenic from differentiation signals of retinoic acid in human embryonal carcinomas.
26  enterochromaffin cells
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
5-HT (2 times)
IBS (2 times)
SERT (2 times)
1996 Regulation of 5-HT release from enterochromaffin cells.
27  emergency contraceptives
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CWHS (1 time)
ECPs (1 time)
HCWs (1 time)
2002 Emergency contraception among university students in Kingston, Jamaica: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices.
28  endocrine cells
(10 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
GCs (2 times)
2003 Influence of enteric helminths on the distribution of intestinal endocrine cells belonging to the diffuse endocrine system in brown trout, Salmo trutta L.
29  epithelioid cells
(10 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
MGCs (3 times)
rIL-4 (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
1991 Ultrastructural heterogeneity of epithelioid cells in cutaneous organized granulomas of diverse etiology.
30  erythrocyte concentrates
(9 times)
Proteomics
(2 times)
RBCs (3 times)
ADSL (1 time)
AOCs (1 time)
2013 An efficient apparatus for rapid deoxygenation of erythrocyte concentrates for alternative banking strategies.
31  endocardial cushions
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
AVC (3 times)
EMT (3 times)
AC (1 time)
2007 Sox9 is required for precursor cell expansion and extracellular matrix organization during mouse heart valve development.
32  esophageal cancers
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CSS (2 times)
ESCC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2007 Photodynamic therapy with curative intent for Barrett's esophagus with high grade dysplasia and superficial esophageal cancer.
33  effective concentrations
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AMOX (1 time)
CWS (1 time)
1993 Protection by tacrine and some adjuncts against the depressant effects of soman in guinea-pig atrium.
34  environmental contaminants
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DHA (1 time)
DZN (1 time)
EDCs (1 time)
2009 Large prospective birth cohort studies on environmental contaminants and child health - goals, challenges, limitations and needs.
35  evolutionary couplings
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
IDPs (1 time)
SSNMR (1 time)
2018 Characterizing Conformational Dynamics of Proteins Using Evolutionary Couplings.
36  effect concentrations
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DEGs (2 times)
ACRs (1 time)
BCFs (1 time)
2008 Toxicological risks for small mammals in a diffusely and moderately polluted floodplain.
37  enrichment cultures
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AHL (1 time)
AI-2 (1 time)
aroA (1 time)
2007 N-acyl homoserine lactone-degrading microbial enrichment cultures isolated from Penaeus vannamei shrimp gut and their probiotic properties in Brachionus plicatilis cultures.
38  ensheathing cells
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BDNF (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1993 Cultures of ensheathing cells from neonatal rat olfactory bulbs.
39  edible coatings
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
EFCs (1 time)
EOs (1 time)
2019 Effect of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Coating based on Whey Protein Nanofibrils with TiO₂ Nanotubes on the Quality and Shelf Life of Chilled Meat.
40  endogenous cannabinoids
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
2-AG (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
2011 Cannabinoids inhibit insulin receptor signaling in pancreatic beta-cells.
41  electrocatalysts
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FCs (1 time)
GF (1 time)
N-FLG (1 time)
2013 Adaptive semiconductor/electrocatalyst junctions in water-splitting photoanodes.
42  electronic components
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WPCBs (3 times)
IR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2012 A new technology for separation and recovery of materials from waste printed circuit boards by dissolving bromine epoxy resins using ionic liquid.
43  endemic controls
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HHCs (3 times)
MB (3 times)
PB (2 times)
2009 ESAT6-induced IFNgamma and CXCL9 can differentiate severity of tuberculosis.
44  endogenous controls
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
miRNAs (3 times)
OSA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of optimal extracellular vesicle small RNA isolation and qRT-PCR normalisation for serum and urine.
45  endothelial-like cells
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
2007 Improvement of postnatal neovascularization by human embryonic stem cell derived endothelial-like cell transplantation in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia.
46  energetic compounds
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AhR (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2008 Zebrafish whole-adult-organism chemogenomics for large-scale predictive and discovery chemical biology.
47  esophageal carcinomas
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2012 Human papillomavirus in upper digestive tract tumors from three countries.
48  ethics consultations
(4 times)
Ethics
(4 times)
COIs (1 time)
2019 Shall parent / patient wishes be fulfilled in any case? A series of 32 ethics consultations: from reproductive medicine to neonatology.
49  evacuation centers
(4 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ARC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HCFs (1 time)
2006 Surveillance in hurricane evacuation centers--Louisiana, September-October 2005.
50  extracellular chaperones
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CS (1 time)
2007 Potential roles of abundant extracellular chaperones in the control of amyloid formation and toxicity.
51  ectodomains
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
Bt (1 time)
CD (1 time)
Pcdh (1 time)
2005 Comparative genomics and diversifying selection of the clustered vertebrate protocadherin genes.
52  effective connectivities
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CU (1 time)
2018 Abnormal Effective Connectivity of the Anterior Forebrain Regions in Disorders of Consciousness.
53  elderly controls
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
2001 Olfactory-evoked regional cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease.
54  emergency clinicians
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
OR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2021 Clinical differentiation between acute renal infarction and acute ureteral stone in the emergency department: A single-center retrospective case-control study.
55  emulsifiable concentrates
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ADVOCATE (1 time)
1992 Strain differences in the response of German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) to emulsifiable concentrates.
56  endocardial cells
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
2002 Dual sampling of the endocervix and its impact on AutoCyte Prep endocervical adequacy.
57  endometrial cells
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CK18 (1 time)
DAD1 (1 time)
E-ECs (1 time)
2006 Quantitative expression of apoptosis-regulating genes in endometrium from women with and without endometriosis.
58  Enterogenous cysts
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
--- 2008 Mucinous low-grade adenocarcinoma arising in an intracranial enterogenous cyst: case report.
59  epicardial connections
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PVs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
2010 Epicardial connections between the pulmonary veins and left atrium: relevance for atrial fibrillation ablation.
60  epicatechins
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
COMT (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
2009 Differential display mediated cloning of anthocyanidin reductase gene from tea (Camellia sinensis) and its relationship with the concentration of epicatechins.
61  estrogenic chemicals
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ER (1 time)
VTGII (1 time)
2007 The estrogen receptor of the gastropod Nucella lapillus: modulation following exposure to an estrogenic effluent?
62  experimental conditions
(3 times)
Health
(1 time)
100-Reps (1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
Fw (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Three Different Strategies Based on Motor Task Performance on Neuromuscular Fatigue in Healthy Men and Men with Multiple Sclerosis.
63  external catheters
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
TIDs (1 time)
1992 Comparison of totally implanted and external catheters in paediatric oncology patients.
64  externalized conductors
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
--- 2012 Independent multicenter study of Riata and Riata ST implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads.
65  early carcinomas
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ACs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
DY (1 time)
1996 Preneoplastic lesions and gallbladder cancer: an estimate of the period required for progression.
66  Eccrine carcinomas
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HAI (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
MMS (1 time)
2004 Mohs surgery for malignant eccrine neoplasms.
67  echinocandins
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ANID (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
F639Y (1 time)
2009 Role for Fks1 in the intrinsic echinocandin resistance of Fusarium solani as evidenced by hybrid expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
68  echo chambers
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
SNSs (1 time)
2018 Large networks of rational agents form persistent echo chambers.
69  elastomeric chains
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Force-degradation pattern of six different orthodontic elastomeric chains.
70  electrical connections
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PVs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2006 Can segmental pulmonary vein ablation reduce the recurrence of atrial fibrillation when using a higher RF power, larger tip electrode catheter, and additional RF deliveries?: the limitations of point-by-point RF ablation.
71  electrode contacts
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ADs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
2019 Electrical stimulation mapping of language with stereo-EEG.
72  elemental compositions
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
RIAs (1 time)
2010 Strategy for the elucidation of elemental compositions of trace analytes based on a mass resolution of 100,000 full width at half maximum.
73  empty capsids
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PV (1 time)
VLP (1 time)
2007 Monitoring the homogeneity of adenovirus preparations (a gene therapy delivery system) using analytical ultracentrifugation.
74  Endogenous cannabinoids
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2009 The role of the endocannabinoid system in liver diseases.
75  endometrioid adenocarcinomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
EOCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
USCs (1 time)
1998 The CD44v6-negative phenotype in high-grade uterine carcinomas correlates with serous histologic subtype.
76  endothelial cell cultures
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
TUNEL (1 time)
2002 Ascorbate inhibits iNOS expression in endotoxin- and IFN gamma-stimulated rat skeletal muscle endothelial cells.
77  endothelial cell types
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
EPCs (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
ECFCs (1 time)
2004 Human primary endothelial cells stimulate human osteoprogenitor cell differentiation.
78  endothelial lineage cells
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AFSC-ECs (1 time)
AFSCs (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
2012 Xenografted human amniotic fluid-derived stem cell as a cell source in therapeutic angiogenesis.
79  Enterobacteriaceae counts
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1999 Microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat street-vended foods in Johannesburg, South Africa.
80  enteroendocrine cells
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
D-IBS (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
MGs (1 time)
2006 Enteroendocrine cell counts correlate with visceral hypersensitivity in patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome.
81  entheseal changes
(2 times)
Anthropology
(2 times)
--- 2014 Bone microarchitecture at muscle attachment sites: The relationship between macroscopic scores of entheses and their cortical and trabecular microstructural design.
82  entorhinal cortices
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
2003 Assessing the onset of structural change in familial Alzheimer's disease.
83  entrepreneurial competencies
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
EI (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2020 Prior Entrepreneurial Exposure and Action of Women Entrepreneurs: Exploring the Moderation Effects of Entrepreneurial Competencies in a Developing Country Context.
84  environmental concentrations
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2015 A comprehensive review of occupational and general population cancer risk: 1,3-Butadiene exposure-response modeling for all leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, myeloid neoplasm and lymphoid neoplasm.
85  environmental covariates
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
GE (1 time)
GEBVs (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2013 A reaction norm model for genomic selection using high-dimensional genomic and environmental data.
86  epididymal cysts
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2012 Epididymal cysts in childhood - conservative or surgical approach?
87  epidural catheters
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
VDS (1 time)
2012 Thromboprophylaxis and major oncologic surgery performed with epidural analgesia.
88  eruption cysts
(2 times)
Pediatric Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 An unusual case of four simultaneous eruption cysts in an infant.
89  evolutionarily conserved genes
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CSGs (2 times)
LSGs (2 times)
CSS (1 time)
2015 Identification, characterization and expression analysis of lineage-specific genes within sweet orange (Citrus sinensis).
90  expectancy challenges
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NIAAA (1 time)
2007 Single-session expectancy challenge with young heavy drinkers on holiday.
91  experimental cigarettes
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BT (1 time)
HCI (1 time)
IVMNT (1 time)
2011 Design and chemical evaluation of reduced machine-yield cigarettes.
92  expert clinicians
(2 times)
Clinical Protocols
(1 time)
ARIDA (1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
IRRID (1 time)
2020 Determining the Agreement Between an Automated Respiratory Rate Counter and a Reference Standard for Detecting Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children: Protocol for a Cross-Sectional Study in Ethiopia.
93  export coefficients
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NPS (2 times)
BMPs (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
2013 Solution of export coefficients of nitrogen from different land-use patterns based on Bayesian analysis.
94  external controls
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
EHR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2019 Using Electronic Health Records to Derive Control Arms for Early Phase Single-Arm Lung Cancer Trials: Proof-of-Concept in Randomized Controlled Trials.
95  extinction cues
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2000 Recent and remote extinction cues reduce spontaneous recovery.
96  extracellular cadherin repeat domains
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
mAbs (1 time)
2012 Conformational epitopes at cadherin calcium-binding sites and p120-catenin phosphorylation regulate cell adhesion.
97  extracellular components
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EIC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
2000 An extracellular sensor and an extracellular induction component are required for alkali induction of alkyl hydroperoxide tolerance in Escherichia coli.
98  extracellular loops
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE1 (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2001 Cysteine-directed cross-linking localizes regions of the human erythrocyte anion-exchange protein (AE1) relative to the dimeric interface.
99  extracellular regions
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
ICs (2 times)
TMs (2 times)
2021 Positive selection drives the evolution of a primate bitter taste receptor gene.
100  eye complications
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CKD (2 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
2020 Health related quality of life and healthcare utilization among adults with diabetes and kidney and eye complications in the United States.