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Abbreviation: ECs
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Long forms: 208

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endothelial cells
(5863 times)
Vascular Diseases
(856 times)
VEGF (373 times)
SMCs (361 times)
HUVECs (328 times)
1981 Synthesis and release of factor VIII by cultured human endothelial cells.
epithelial cells
(135 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(28 times)
DCs (17 times)
IELs (8 times)
SMCs (8 times)
1984 Cytological characteristics of cultured epithelial cells from thymomas in BUF/Mna rats.
electronic cigarettes
(102 times)
Public Health
(27 times)
TCs (5 times)
CCs (4 times)
CI (4 times)
2013 Electronic cigarettes: effective nicotine delivery after acute administration.
emerging contaminants
(80 times)
Environmental Health
(69 times)
EDCs (7 times)
PPCPs (7 times)
WWTP (6 times)
2009 Sorption behavior of a synthetic antioxidant, polycyclic musk, and an organophosphate insecticide in wastewater sludge.
elite controllers
(49 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(8 times)
ART (12 times)
LTNPs (9 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
2008 The major histocompatibility complex class II alleles Mamu-DRB1*1003 and -DRB1*0306 are enriched in a cohort of simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaque elite controllers.
endocannabinoids
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
2-AG (18 times)
AEA (13 times)
ECS (9 times)
2005 Endocannabinoid lipids and mediated system: implications for alcoholism and neuropsychiatric disorders.
endometrial carcinomas
(40 times)
Pathology
(18 times)
MMR (6 times)
EECs (4 times)
ER (4 times)
2001 K-ras mutations in endometrial carcinomas with microsatellite instability.
electrochemical capacitors
(36 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
AC (3 times)
CV (3 times)
LIBs (3 times)
2011 Manganese oxide-based materials as electrochemical supercapacitor electrodes.
enterocytes
(35 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(9 times)
ISCs (19 times)
EBs (7 times)
ISC (7 times)
2009 Cytokine/Jak/Stat signaling mediates regeneration and homeostasis in the Drosophila midgut.
10  ethics committees
(34 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
IRBs (4 times)
AAHRPP (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1997 The ethics committee of a psychiatric college: its procedures and themes.
11  endometrial cancers
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
DFS (2 times)
FIGO (2 times)
HNPCC (2 times)
1998 The PTEN, BAX, and IGFIIR genes are mutated in endometrial atypical hyperplasia.
12  Endocannabinoids
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
2-AG (13 times)
AEA (9 times)
FAAH (4 times)
2008 The endocannabinoid system in obesity and type 2 diabetes.
13  epidermal cells
(20 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
DTH (3 times)
LCs (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1985 The suppressive effect of tape-stripping treatment of guinea-pig skin on the induction of contact sensitivity by intradermal injection of haptenated epidermal cells.
14  elimination capacities
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
BTF (3 times)
VOCs (3 times)
BTFs (2 times)
2009 Two-stage gas-phase bioreactor for the combined removal of hydrogen sulphide, methanol and alpha-pinene.
15  elongation complexes
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
RNAP (4 times)
CTD (2 times)
pol (2 times)
1998 Functional topography of nascent RNA in elongation intermediates of RNA polymerase.
16  epidermoid cysts
(17 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
ADC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
DW (2 times)
1998 Supratentorial dorsal cistern epidermoid cyst in childhood.
17  e-cigarettes
(16 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
ATF4 (1 time)
2014 Carbonyl compounds in electronic cigarette vapors: effects of nicotine solvent and battery output voltage.
18  eccentric contractions
(15 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
MHC (2 times)
MLP (2 times)
2002 Desmin cytoskeletal modifications after a bout of eccentric exercise in the rat.
19  emergency centres
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
EM (2 times)
SA (2 times)
AHA/ACC (1 time)
1999 Emergency center categorization standards.
20  epidemic clones
(15 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MLST (3 times)
STs (3 times)
VTs (3 times)
2008 Expansion and countrywide dissemination of ST11, ST15 and ST147 ciprofloxacin-resistant CTX-M-15-type beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae epidemic clones in Hungary in 2005--the new 'MRSAs'?
21  environmental chemicals
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DEHP (1 time)
EDCs (1 time)
HPG (1 time)
2007 Human metabolic interactions of environmental chemicals.
22  ependymal cells
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MBH (3 times)
PT (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2009 X-ray exposure induces apoptosis of some proliferative epidermal cells following traumatic spinal cord injury in adult rats.
23  escort cells
(13 times)
Biology
(7 times)
GSC (7 times)
GSCs (5 times)
Hh (3 times)
2011 Loss of lysine-specific demethylase 1 nonautonomously causes stem cell tumors in the Drosophila ovary.
24  effective concentrations
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DEGs (2 times)
LCs (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1993 Protection by tacrine and some adjuncts against the depressant effects of soman in guinea-pig atrium.
25  embryogenic cells
(12 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ROS (2 times)
SE (2 times)
3,4-DHP (1 time)
2005 Atomic force microscopy and laser confocal scanning microscopy analysis of callose fibers developed from protoplasts of embryogenic cells of a conifer.
26  embryonal carcinomas
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
GCTs (3 times)
YSTs (3 times)
GCC (2 times)
1998 FGF4 dissociates anti-tumorigenic from differentiation signals of retinoic acid in human embryonal carcinomas.
27  endometrioid carcinomas
(11 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
NECs (3 times)
CCC (2 times)
DNMT3B (2 times)
2004 Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, a novel partner of progesterone receptors in endometrial cancer and its precursors.
28  emergency contraceptives
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CWHS (1 time)
ECPs (1 time)
HCWs (1 time)
2002 Emergency contraception among university students in Kingston, Jamaica: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices.
29  endocrine cells
(10 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
GCs (2 times)
2003 Influence of enteric helminths on the distribution of intestinal endocrine cells belonging to the diffuse endocrine system in brown trout, Salmo trutta L.
30  endocardial cushions
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
AVC (3 times)
EMT (3 times)
AC (1 time)
2007 Sox9 is required for precursor cell expansion and extracellular matrix organization during mouse heart valve development.
31  epithelioid cells
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
MGCs (2 times)
rIL-4 (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
1991 Ultrastructural heterogeneity of epithelioid cells in cutaneous organized granulomas of diverse etiology.
32  erythrocyte concentrates
(8 times)
Proteomics
(2 times)
RBCs (3 times)
ADSL (1 time)
AOP (1 time)
2013 An efficient apparatus for rapid deoxygenation of erythrocyte concentrates for alternative banking strategies.
33  evolutionary couplings
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
IDPs (1 time)
SSNMR (1 time)
2018 Characterizing Conformational Dynamics of Proteins Using Evolutionary Couplings.
34  enrichment cultures
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AHL (1 time)
AI-2 (1 time)
aroA (1 time)
2007 N-acyl homoserine lactone-degrading microbial enrichment cultures isolated from Penaeus vannamei shrimp gut and their probiotic properties in Brachionus plicatilis cultures.
35  ensheathing cells
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BDNF (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1993 Cultures of ensheathing cells from neonatal rat olfactory bulbs.
36  enterochromaffin cells
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
GI (1 time)
PACAP (1 time)
1996 Regulation of 5-HT release from enterochromaffin cells.
37  endothelial-like cells
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AFSC-ECs (1 time)
AFSCs (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
2007 Improvement of postnatal neovascularization by human embryonic stem cell derived endothelial-like cell transplantation in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia.
38  electrocatalysts
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FCs (1 time)
GF (1 time)
N-FLG (1 time)
2014 Adaptive semiconductor/electrocatalyst junctions in water-splitting photoanodes.
39  endogenous cannabinoids
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
CB3 (1 time)
2011 Cannabinoids inhibit insulin receptor signaling in pancreatic beta-cells.
40  evacuation centers
(4 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ARC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
HCFs (1 time)
2006 Surveillance in hurricane evacuation centers--Louisiana, September-October 2005.
41  ectodomains
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Bt (1 time)
CD (1 time)
Pcdh (1 time)
2005 Comparative genomics and diversifying selection of the clustered vertebrate protocadherin genes.
42  emulsifiable concentrates
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ADVOCATE (1 time)
1992 Strain differences in the response of German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) to emulsifiable concentrates.
43  Enterogenous cysts
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
--- 2008 Mucinous low-grade adenocarcinoma arising in an intracranial enterogenous cyst: case report.
44  environmental contaminants
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
EDCs (1 time)
GALR (1 time)
2010 Large prospective birth cohort studies on environmental contaminants and child health - goals, challenges, limitations and needs.
45  epicatechins
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
COMT (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
2009 Differential display mediated cloning of anthocyanidin reductase gene from tea (Camellia sinensis) and its relationship with the concentration of epicatechins.
46  esophageal cancers
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CRT (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
HGD (1 time)
2007 Photodynamic therapy with curative intent for Barrett's esophagus with high grade dysplasia and superficial esophageal cancer.
47  esophageal carcinomas
(3 times)
Oncogenes
(1 time)
DDR (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
EUS-FNA (1 time)
2011 Human papillomavirus in upper digestive tract tumors from three countries.
48  experimental conditions
(3 times)
Health
(1 time)
100-Reps (1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
Fw (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Three Different Strategies Based on Motor Task Performance on Neuromuscular Fatigue in Healthy Men and Men with Multiple Sclerosis.
49  external catheters
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
TIDs (1 time)
1992 Comparison of totally implanted and external catheters in paediatric oncology patients.
50  externalized conductors
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
--- 2013 Independent multicenter study of Riata and Riata ST implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads.
51  early carcinomas
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ACs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
DY (1 time)
1996 Preneoplastic lesions and gallbladder cancer: an estimate of the period required for progression.
52  Eccrine carcinomas
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HAI (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
MMS (1 time)
2004 Mohs surgery for malignant eccrine neoplasms.
53  echinocandins
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ANID (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
F639Y (1 time)
2009 Role for Fks1 in the intrinsic echinocandin resistance of Fusarium solani as evidenced by hybrid expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
54  edible coatings
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EFCs (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
NPRs (1 time)
2019 Effect of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Coating based on Whey Protein Nanofibrils with TiO₂ Nanotubes on the Quality and Shelf Life of Chilled Meat.
55  elastomeric chains
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Force-degradation pattern of six different orthodontic elastomeric chains.
56  elderly controls
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2001 Olfactory-evoked regional cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease.
57  electrical connections
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PVs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2006 Can segmental pulmonary vein ablation reduce the recurrence of atrial fibrillation when using a higher RF power, larger tip electrode catheter, and additional RF deliveries?: the limitations of point-by-point RF ablation.
58  electronic components
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
WPCBs (2 times)
IR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2012 A new technology for separation and recovery of materials from waste printed circuit boards by dissolving bromine epoxy resins using ionic liquid.
59  elemental compositions
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
RIAs (1 time)
2010 Strategy for the elucidation of elemental compositions of trace analytes based on a mass resolution of 100,000 full width at half maximum.
60  emotional competences
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AN (2 times)
2020 Cognitive and Emotional Empathy in Anorexia Nervosa: The Role of Attachment Insecurity, Intrapersonal, and Interpersonal Emotional Competences.
61  empty capsids
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
PV (1 time)
VLP (1 time)
2007 Monitoring the homogeneity of adenovirus preparations (a gene therapy delivery system) using analytical ultracentrifugation.
62  endemic controls
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CFP-10 (1 time)
E-Pul (1 time)
HHCs (1 time)
2009 ESAT6-induced IFNgamma and CXCL9 can differentiate severity of tuberculosis.
63  endocardial cells
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
2019 Focal adhesions are essential to drive zebrafish heart valve morphogenesis.
64  Endogenous cannabinoids
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2009 The role of the endocannabinoid system in liver diseases.
65  endogenous controls
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
EVs (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of optimal extracellular vesicle small RNA isolation and qRT-PCR normalisation for serum and urine.
66  endometrial cells
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
DAD1 (1 time)
IL (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2007 Quantitative expression of apoptosis-regulating genes in endometrium from women with and without endometriosis.
67  endometrioid adenocarcinomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
EOCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
USCs (1 time)
1998 The CD44v6-negative phenotype in high-grade uterine carcinomas correlates with serous histologic subtype.
68  endothelial cell cultures
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
TUNEL (1 time)
2002 Ascorbate inhibits iNOS expression in endotoxin- and IFN gamma-stimulated rat skeletal muscle endothelial cells.
69  energetic compounds
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2008 Zebrafish whole-adult-organism chemogenomics for large-scale predictive and discovery chemical biology.
70  Enterobacteriaceae counts
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1999 Microbiological quality and safety of ready-to-eat street-vended foods in Johannesburg, South Africa.
71  entorhinal cortices
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
2003 Assessing the onset of structural change in familial Alzheimer's disease.
72  environmental concentrations
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2015 A comprehensive review of occupational and general population cancer risk: 1,3-Butadiene exposure-response modeling for all leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, myeloid neoplasm and lymphoid neoplasm.
73  epicardial connections
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PVs (1 time)
VAECs (1 time)
2011 Epicardial connections between the pulmonary veins and left atrium: relevance for atrial fibrillation ablation.
74  epididymal cysts
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2012 Epididymal cysts in childhood - conservative or surgical approach?
75  epidural catheters
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
VDS (1 time)
2013 Thromboprophylaxis and major oncologic surgery performed with epidural analgesia.
76  eruption cysts
(2 times)
Pediatric Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 An unusual case of four simultaneous eruption cysts in an infant.
77  estrogenic chemicals
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ER (1 time)
VTGII (1 time)
2007 The estrogen receptor of the gastropod Nucella lapillus: modulation following exposure to an estrogenic effluent?
78  expectancy challenges
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NIAAA (1 time)
2007 Single-session expectancy challenge with young heavy drinkers on holiday.
79  experimental cigarettes
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BT (1 time)
HCI (1 time)
IVMNT (1 time)
2012 Design and chemical evaluation of reduced machine-yield cigarettes.
80  export coefficients
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NPS (2 times)
BMPs (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
2013 Solution of export coefficients of nitrogen from different land-use patterns based on Bayesian analysis.
81  extinction cues
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2000 Recent and remote extinction cues reduce spontaneous recovery.
82  extracellular cadherin repeats
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
mAbs (1 time)
2012 Conformational epitopes at cadherin calcium-binding sites and p120-catenin phosphorylation regulate cell adhesion.
83  extracellular chaperones
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Potential roles of abundant extracellular chaperones in the control of amyloid formation and toxicity.
84  extracellular components
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EIC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
2000 An extracellular sensor and an extracellular induction component are required for alkali induction of alkyl hydroperoxide tolerance in Escherichia coli.
85  extracellular loops
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE1 (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2001 Cysteine-directed cross-linking localizes regions of the human erythrocyte anion-exchange protein (AE1) relative to the dimeric interface.
86  eye complications
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CKD (2 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
2020 Health related quality of life and healthcare utilization among adults with diabetes and kidney and eye complications in the United States.
87  (re)-emerging contaminants
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EDs (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
re (1 time)
2019 Hazardous contaminants in the environment and their laccase-assisted degradation - A review.
88  e-consults
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2009 Impact of e-consults on return visits of primary care patients.
89  eccentric clusters
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
2017 Extraction and Quantification Clusters of Three-Dimensional Lorenz Plots.
90  Eccentric muscle contractions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
EIMD (1 time)
2015 Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase induce expression of FoxO1, FoxO3a, and myostatin after exercise-induced muscle damage.
91  Echo chambers
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Large networks of rational agents form persistent echo chambers.
92  ecological corridors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2018 Integrating priority areas and ecological corridors into national network for conservation planning in China.
93  ectopic lesions
(1 time)
DAPT (1 time)
EU (1 time)
HESC (1 time)
2018 Notch-1 Signaling Activation and Progesterone Receptor Expression in Ectopic Lesions of Women With Endometriosis.
94  eddy currents
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
VS (1 time)
VSASL (1 time)
2015 An optimized design to reduce eddy current sensitivity in velocity-selective arterial spin labeling using symmetric BIR-8 pulses.
95  effective connections
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Abnormal Effective Connectivity of the Anterior Forebrain Regions in Disorders of Consciousness.
96  effective connectivities
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 The Distinct Roles of Dorsal and Ventral Visual Systems in Naming of Chinese Characters.
97  effector cells
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HTCs (1 time)
2017 Dual role of delay effects in a tumour-immune system.
98  effects of direct cell contact between endothelial
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
M-ECs (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
1991 Modulation of mesangial cell proliferation by endothelial cells in coculture.
99  efficacy similar to GHRP-6
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
GHRH (1 time)
GHRP (1 time)
1998 Ipamorelin, the first selective growth hormone secretagogue.
100  efficient, low-cost, and robust electrocatalysts
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
GF (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2020 Metal Oxide (Co3O4 and Mn3O4) Impregnation into S, N-doped Graphene for Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR).