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Abbreviation: EF
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Long forms: 616

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ejection fraction
(8996 times)
Cardiology
(3461 times)
LV (2379 times)
HF (652 times)
EDV (509 times)
1975 [The effect of aneurysm resection on left ventricular function].
enrichment factor
(570 times)
Environmental Health
(441 times)
CF (75 times)
PLI (67 times)
PCA (63 times)
1985 Droplet enrichment factors of pigmented and nonpigmented Serratia marcescens: possible selective function for prodigiosin.
enhancement factor
(237 times)
Nanotechnology
(48 times)
SERS (131 times)
LOD (22 times)
R6G (18 times)
1979 An immunoregulatory factor associated with spleen cells from tumor-bearing animals. III. Characterization of the factor's target cells.
edema factor
(231 times)
Biochemistry
(60 times)
PA (167 times)
LF (163 times)
CaM (18 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
electric field
(220 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(35 times)
MF (14 times)
DC (12 times)
tDCS (9 times)
1987 Direct power-frequency electric field effects on mammalian endocrine tissue.
electro-Fenton
(172 times)
Environmental Health
(152 times)
PEF (44 times)
BDD (41 times)
TOC (21 times)
2004 Comparison of several advanced oxidation processes for the decolorization of Reactive Red 120 azo dye in aqueous solution.
elongation factor
(139 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
Phe (6 times)
aa (5 times)
EF-Tu (4 times)
1973 The interaction of elongation factor G with N-acetylphenylalanyl transfer RNA-ribosome complexes.
Eosinophilic fasciitis
(127 times)
Dermatology
(36 times)
HIV (7 times)
GVHD (4 times)
MTX (4 times)
1981 Eosinophilic fasciitis. A case report and review of the literature.
external fixation
(125 times)
Orthopedics
(65 times)
ORIF (16 times)
IMN (13 times)
VLP (9 times)
0 Damage Control Plating in Open Tibial Shaft Fractures: A Cheaper and Equally Effective Alternative to Spanning External Fixation.
10  endothelial function
(100 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
FMD (27 times)
ED (12 times)
RHI (11 times)
1998 Preserved endothelial function in IDDM patients, but not in NIDDM patients, compared with healthy subjects.
11  emission factor
(85 times)
Environmental Health
(76 times)
PM (6 times)
VOCs (6 times)
DCD (5 times)
2000 Optimized combinations of abatement strategies for urban mobile sources.
12  enantiomeric fraction
(81 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
HPLC (7 times)
OCPs (6 times)
alpha-HCH (5 times)
2002 Study of the enantioselective elimination of four toxaphene congeners in rat after intravenous administration by high resolution gas chromatography negative ion mass spectrometry.
13  extraction fraction
(62 times)
Parasitology
(13 times)
MR (4 times)
SI (4 times)
CL (3 times)
1977 Leishmanial excreted factor (EF) serotypes in Sudan, Kenya and Ethiopia.
14  elbow flexors
(61 times)
Sports Medicine
(25 times)
KE (21 times)
MVC (15 times)
EE (14 times)
1984 Isokinetic strength and endurance and muscle fiber type of elite oarswomen.
15  early follicular
(60 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
ML (42 times)
LF (19 times)
LL (10 times)
1985 Pulsatile gonadotropin secretion in women with hypothalamic amenorrhea: evidence that reduced frequency of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion is the mechanism of persistent anovulation.
16  etiologic fraction
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
RR (21 times)
PF (9 times)
HLA (7 times)
1986 HLA antigens and complotypes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
17  emotional functioning
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PF (13 times)
QOL (13 times)
SF (13 times)
2000 Anxiety and depression in cancer patients: relation between the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire.
18  ecological footprint
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
EC (4 times)
EKC (4 times)
ED (3 times)
2004 [Dynamics of ecological footprints of agricultural region in Hexi oasis of Gansu Province].
19  efficiency
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
RMSE (5 times)
iELISA (2 times)
ME (2 times)
1998 Beneficial effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on alterations induced by cholestasis of pregnancy in bile acid transport across the human placenta.
20  emptying fraction
(31 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
LA (23 times)
AF (9 times)
LAV (4 times)
2004 Gallbladder motility in patients with hepatic cirrhosis before and after portal azygous disconnection.
21  epidural fibrosis
(31 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
VAS (5 times)
FBSS (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
1995 Epidural fibrosis after permanent catheter insertion and infusion.
22  extended field
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
IF (22 times)
RT (9 times)
HD (5 times)
1978 Treatment of advanced Hodgkin's disease in pediatric patients.
23  extracellular factor
(30 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
MRP (17 times)
PF (4 times)
SLY (4 times)
1985 Freeze-fracture replica study of capillary endothelium after embolization in the dog.
24  environmental factors
(27 times)
Epidemiology
(6 times)
ICF (7 times)
AUC (2 times)
BF (2 times)
1995 Simulation of a common oligogenic disease with quantitative risk factors. GAW9 problem 2: the answers.
25  extubation failure
(27 times)
Critical Care
(7 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
ES (3 times)
2006 The effect of extubation failure on outcome in a multidisciplinary Australian intensive care unit.
26  epicardial fat
(26 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
EFT (5 times)
CAD (3 times)
EFV (3 times)
2008 Epicardial fat thickness: relationship with plasma visfatin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels in visceral obesity.
27  eating frequency
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
EI (6 times)
BMI (4 times)
WC (3 times)
1998 Evidence that eating frequency is inversely related to body weight status in male, but not female, non-obese adults reporting valid dietary intakes.
28  enrofloxacin
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CF (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
BW (3 times)
1992 Effects of fluoroquinolone antimicrobials alone and in conjunction with theophylline on seizures in amygdaloid kindled rats. Mechanistic and pharmacokinetic study.
29  Fermi energy
(22 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
DOS (4 times)
STS (3 times)
TMD (2 times)
2001 Fermi surface and magnetic structure of TmGa3.
30  endophyte-free
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
EI (16 times)
ALP (3 times)
ADG (2 times)
1991 Effects of feeding endophyte-infected fescue hay on portal and hepatic nutrient flux in steers.
31  Epimedium flavonoids
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(14 times)
GHRH (2 times)
HPA (2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
2004 [Molecular mechanism of epimedium flavonoids in immune homeostasis remodeling in aged rats revealed by lymphocyte gene expression profile].
32  extrafollicular
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
GC (4 times)
TLR (3 times)
GCs (2 times)
1989 In vitro ovulation, prostaglandin synthesis, and proteolysis in isolated ovarian components of yellow perch (Perca flavescens): effects of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and phorbol ester.
33  encephalitogenic factor
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
MEM (4 times)
MMI (4 times)
PHA (3 times)
1971 Lymphocyte sensitization to nervous tissues and muscle in patients with the Guillain-Barre syndrome.
34  enteral feeding
(19 times)
Perinatology
(3 times)
NEC (3 times)
PN (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1995 Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in traumatic brain injury: two cases.
35  ethyl formate
(18 times)
Zoology
(8 times)
MB (5 times)
COS (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
1981 Activity of pyruvate kinase and lactic acid dehydrogenase in mouse lung after transplacental exposure to carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic chemicals.
36  external focus
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
IF (12 times)
ACL (4 times)
AS (4 times)
2014 Attentional focus of feedback for improving performance of reach-to-grasp after stroke: a randomised crossover study.
37  EnhanceFitness
(17 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
AoA (1 time)
CDSMP (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2008 "It is our exercise family": experiences of ethnic older adults in a group-based exercise program.
38  ejaculation frequency
(16 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
IF (11 times)
EL (10 times)
IL (10 times)
1993 Pubertal development of ram lambs: Physical and endocrinological traits in combination as indices of postpubertal reproductive function.
39  Epicrania fugax
(16 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
LH (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2010 Paroxysmal head pain with backward radiation: will epicrania fugax go in the opposite direction?
40  ethyl ferulate
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
FA (10 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
FDAG (2 times)
1995 [Effect of the liposolubility of free radical scavengers on the production of antigen P24 from a HIV infected monocytic cell line].
41  experimental formula
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
SF (8 times)
MFGM (5 times)
AA (2 times)
2002 A comparison of the effect of elemental and immune-enhancing polymeric jejunal feeding on exocrine pancreatic function.
42  elastic fibers
(14 times)
Urology
(3 times)
SMC (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1987 [Anetoderma and lupus erythematosus. Study of 2 cases].
43  ethyl acetate fraction
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
AF (3 times)
BF (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2010 Regulatory action of charred Gossamer urocteae on the functions of mouse oral fibroblasts.
44  early feeding
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DF (6 times)
BP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1994 [Preserving intestinal function after severe burn injury].
45  electroflotation
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
EC (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
GS (2 times)
2002 Novel electrode system for electroflotation of wastewater.
46  epidural fat
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
SEL (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Lumbosacral epidural lipomatosis: MRI grading.
47  elongation factor 1-alpha
(11 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GPD (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2006 Phylogenetic relationships of Japanese species of Heterobasidion--H. annosum sensu lato and an undetermined Heterobasidion sp.
48  evaporative fraction
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GPP (2 times)
LUE (2 times)
SM (2 times)
2009 A one-layer satellite surface energy balance for estimating evapotranspiration rates and crop water stress indexes.
49  exoplasmic face
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
Imp (4 times)
ACFs (1 time)
1977 The significance of cAMP induced alterations in the cellular structure of Phycomyces.
50  Electro-fermentation
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
VFAs (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AEF (1 time)
2016 Electro-Fermentation - Merging Electrochemistry with Fermentation in Industrial Applications.
51  Evodiae Fructus
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
CCR (1 time)
2009 Evodiamine and rutaecarpine inhibit migration by LIGHT via suppression of NADPH oxidase activation.
52  Eisenia foetida
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LT (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1988 Response to parenteral stimulation in earthworms L. terrestris and E. foetida.
53  erythrocyte fragility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CSM (2 times)
FG (2 times)
SBM (2 times)
1985 Haemorheological parameters in hypertensive Nigerians with and without sickle-cell trait.
54  exoplasmic fracture face
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
IMP (2 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1978 Chloroplast membrane biogenesis in Chlamydomonas: correlation between the formation of membrane components and membrane structure.
55  extruded flaxseed
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
FA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
ATTNR (1 time)
2005 Feeding micronized and extruded flaxseed to dairy cows: effects on blood parameters and milk fatty acid composition.
56  IIEF-erectile function
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IIEF (6 times)
ED (5 times)
CCI (3 times)
2009 Predictors of response to sildenafil citrate following radiation therapy for prostate cancer.
57  edema fluid
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
ARDS (2 times)
FDLE (2 times)
HYDRO (2 times)
1983 Noncardiac pulmonary edema precipitated by tracheal intubation in patients with inhalation injury.
58  edge-to-face
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
EE (3 times)
OFF (3 times)
FF (2 times)
2001 Scaling Behavior of the Rheological Properties of Montmorillonite Suspensions: Correlation between Interparticle Interaction and Degree of Flocculation.
59  electrofocusing
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AGP (1 time)
HA (1 time)
IEF (1 time)
1987 Studies of the sialylation and microheterogeneity of human serum alpha 1-acid glycoprotein in health and disease.
60  embryonic fibroblasts
(7 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CNTF (1 time)
1993 Development of ovine embryos co-cultured on oviductal cells, embryonic fibroblasts, or STO cell monolayers.
61  exoplasmic fracture
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
PF (5 times)
IMPs (2 times)
1976 Substructure of intercellular junctions in freeze-fractured alveolar-capillary membranes of mouse lung.
62  external facilitation
(7 times)
Hospitals
(2 times)
EOVs (2 times)
IF (2 times)
ADEPT (1 time)
2014 Protocol: Adaptive Implementation of Effective Programs Trial (ADEPT): cluster randomized SMART trial comparing a standard versus enhanced implementation strategy to improve outcomes of a mood disorders program.
63  effluent
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ASV (1 time)
BaP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1990 Measurement of the peritoneal platelet activity through the effluent betathromboglobulin levels in CAPD patients.
64  epidermoid formation
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
--- 1986 An epidermoid formation in the developing middle ear: possible source of cholesteatoma.
65  Erlenmeyer flask
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CCF (5 times)
PMMA (4 times)
EPS (1 time)
2011 A novel conico-cylindrical flask aids easy identification of critical process parameters for cultivation of marine bacteria.
66  esophageal fistula
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ESCC (2 times)
BPF (1 time)
dCRT (1 time)
1990 Effect of somatostatin analogs on gastric acid secretion in dogs and rats.
67  ethanol-fed
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PF (3 times)
2-DG (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1985 Effect of chronic ethanol and food deprivation on intestinal villus morphology and brush border membrane content of lipid and marker enzymes.
68  eV above the Fermi level
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CBM (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
2006 Bulk- and surface-sensitive high-resolution photoemission study of two mott-hubbard systems: SrVO3 and CaVO3.
69  extracellular protein factor
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
MRP (4 times)
MLST (2 times)
SLY (2 times)
1993 Repeats in an extracellular protein of weakly pathogenic strains of Streptococcus suis type 2 are absent in pathogenic strains.
70  E. faecalis
(5 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
A.a (1 time)
AA (1 time)
APEC (1 time)
2007 Nutrigenomics applied to an animal model of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: transcriptomic analysis of the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid- and arachidonic acid-enriched diets.
71  ecosystem functioning
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
ABG (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2014 Opportunities and challenges in deriving phytoplankton diversity measures from individual trait-based data obtained by scanning flow-cytometry.
72  effect factor
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CFs (3 times)
BF (2 times)
FF (2 times)
2010 New method for calculating comparative toxicity potential of cationic metals in freshwater: application to copper, nickel, and zinc.
73  effectiveness
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
INF (2 times)
PsyTAR (2 times)
SSIs (2 times)
1991 Efficiency and effectiveness of stoop and squat lifting at different frequencies.
74  efficiency frontier
(5 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(2 times)
CEA (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
EFs (1 time)
2011 Regression analysis on the variation in efficiency frontiers for prevention stage of HIV/AIDS.
75  Eigenfactor
(5 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
IF (5 times)
AI (2 times)
AIS (2 times)
2010 Representation of cancer in the medical literature--a bibliometric analysis.
76  elastic foundation
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ANNs (1 time)
FE (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2005 Comparison of deformable and elastic foundation finite element simulations for predicting knee replacement mechanics.
77  electrode Fermi level
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ELA (1 time)
IPT (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2015 Energy-Level Alignment for Single-Molecule Conductance of Extended Metal-Atom Chains.
78  elsewhere failures
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
APBI (4 times)
IBTR (3 times)
LF (2 times)
2012 Accelerated partial breast irradiation using once-daily fractionation: analysis of 312 cases with four years median follow-up.
79  endometrial fluid
(5 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CA (1 time)
ES (1 time)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
80  endophytic fungus
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AMF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2010 Biosorption of cadmium by endophytic fungus (EF) Microsphaeropsis sp. LSE10 isolated from cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanum nigrum L.
81  Enjoyment of Food
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
CEBQ (3 times)
2013 Parental obesity moderates the relationship between childhood appetitive traits and weight.
82  enteral formula
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
alpha-KG (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
ODC (1 time)
1999 Whole-protein-based enteral formula stimulates intestinal ornithine decarboxylase activity more than single amino acids but does not affect mucosal adenosine triphosphate content in early postsurgical refeeding.
83  enterocutaneous fistulas
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ATMSCs-SF (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
2008 Treatment of postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas with octreotide in two neonates.
84  errorful learning
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EL (5 times)
AD (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
1997 Errorless learning of novel associations in amnesia.
85  ethmoidal foramen
(5 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ALC (2 times)
OC (2 times)
AEF (1 time)
1995 Chronic transection of post-ganglionic parasympathetic and nasociliary nerves does not affect local cerebral blood flow in the rat.
86  evanescent field
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FIRST (1 time)
LoC (1 time)
N-WASP (1 time)
2002 Imaging actin and dynamin recruitment during invagination of single clathrin-coated pits.
87  evoked fields
(5 times)
Brain
(4 times)
MEG (5 times)
CVLT (1 time)
DZ (1 time)
1992 Auditory magnetic source localization in twins.
88  expanded DNA fragment
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DM (5 times)
EH (2 times)
PHP (2 times)
1995 [Multiorgan abnormalities in myotonic dystrophy--correlation among endocrine disorders, central nervous system involvements and gene analysis].
89  external focus of attention
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
IF (3 times)
AS (1 time)
2015 Enhanced jump performance when providing augmented feedback compared to an external or internal focus of attention.
90  E-face
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PF (3 times)
IMP (1 time)
IMPs (1 time)
1980 Definitive evidence for the existence of tight junctions in invertebrates.
91  early failure
(4 times)
Colorectal Surgery
(1 time)
AVF (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
FTM (1 time)
2011 Arteriovenous fistula: end-to-end or end-to side anastomosis?
92  early follicular phase
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AMc (1 time)
ANDR (1 time)
Day 2 (1 time)
1992 Substrate oxidation and GH responses to exercise are independent of menstrual phase and status.
93  early-feathering
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
LF (4 times)
ALV (2 times)
EV (1 time)
1993 Effect of tumor virus susceptibility alleles on the late-feathering gene K on early growth of White Leghorns.
94  ejection force
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
AM (1 time)
aw (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of the compaction properties of a solid dispersion of indomethacin with crospovidone by tableting process analyzer.
95  elastofibroma
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DTF (1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
FOTS (1 time)
2008 Elastofibroma presenting as an oral soft tissue mass.
96  electric footshock
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
CREB (1 time)
GP-WX (1 time)
2013 Anxiolytic effects of herbal ethanol extract from Gynostemma pentaphyllum in mice after exposure to chronic stress.
97  emitted fraction
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FPF (4 times)
NGI (3 times)
siRNA (2 times)
2017 Inhaled powder formulation of naked siRNA using spray drying technology with l-leucine as dispersion enhancer.
98  enamel fluorosis
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
TF (1 time)
2006 Improving esthetically objectionable human enamel fluorosis with a simple microabrasion technique.
99  encounter form
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
GP's (1 time)
ICPC (1 time)
PPQ (1 time)
1998 One-day general practice morbidity survey in Sri Lanka.
100  enrichment factor analysis
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2011 Dynamics and origin of PM2.5 during a three-year sampling period in Beijing, China.