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Abbreviation: END
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
early neurological deterioration
(132 times)
Neurology
(55 times)
NIHSS (46 times)
mRS (20 times)
OR (18 times)
2002 Inflammation-mediated damage in progressing lacunar infarctions: a potential therapeutic target.
elective neck dissection
(87 times)
General Surgery
(37 times)
SCC (17 times)
OS (13 times)
SNB (12 times)
1991 Stage I-II squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity treated by iridium-192: is elective neck dissection indicated?
enterodiol
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
ENL (35 times)
MAT (6 times)
SECO (6 times)
1986 Determination of urinary lignans and phytoestrogen metabolites, potential antiestrogens and anticarcinogens, in urine of women on various habitual diets.
beta-endorphin
(29 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
ENK (8 times)
POMC (6 times)
DYN (5 times)
1982 Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) given systemically produces naloxone-reversible analgesia and potentiates effects of beta-endorphin given centrally.
endurance
(27 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (4 times)
CON (3 times)
RES (3 times)
1982 Left ventricular size following endurance, sprint, and strength training.
endosulfan
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
BPA (3 times)
CYP (3 times)
ATZ (2 times)
1990 Malate and lactate dehydrogenases of a freshwater catfish: impact of endosulfan.
endorphin
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
POMC (5 times)
MSH (4 times)
ACTH (2 times)
1979 Experimental alterations of endorphin levels in rat pituitary.
exotic Newcastle disease
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
NDV (3 times)
BB (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2003 Molecular weapons against agricultural vulnerability and the war on terror.
endurance exercise
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HIT (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
CON (2 times)
2012 Acute high-intensity interval exercise reduces the postprandial glucose response and prevalence of hyperglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.
10  exaltation of Newcastle disease virus
(9 times)
Virology
(4 times)
CPE (4 times)
CSFV (4 times)
BVDV (2 times)
1993 Isolation of different non-cytopathogenic bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) viruses from cytopathogenic BVD virus stocks using reverse plaque formation method.
11  early neonatal deaths
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
LFD (4 times)
COD (2 times)
SB (2 times)
1979 Perinatal mortality in Sweden. Analyses with international aspects.
12  early neonatal death
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
RDS (2 times)
SGA (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
1999 Gestational age-specific normal birth weight for Japanese twins. Risk of early neonatal death in small-for-gestational-age and large-for-gestational-age twins.
13  electroneurodiagnostic
(6 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(6 times)
ASET (1 time)
CAAHEP (1 time)
CJD (1 time)
2004 Kathleen mears memorial lecture: educating the work force.
14  epidermal nerve density
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PGP 9.5 (2 times)
CCI (1 time)
CIDP (1 time)
2002 Cutaneous innervation in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
15  endostatin
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ADMA (2 times)
Ang (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
2011 Systemic blood osteopontin, endostatin, and E-selectin concentrations after vertical banding surgery in severely obese adults.
16  endothelin
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANP (1 time)
big-END (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
1989 Endothelin stimulates release of atrial natriuretic peptides in vitro and in vivo.
17  erythromycin N-demethylase
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BROD (3 times)
EROD (3 times)
MROD (3 times)
1998 Reduction in hepatic cytochrome P-450 is correlated to the degree of liver fat content in animal models of steatosis in the absence of inflammation.
18  Economics of Noninvasive Diagnosis
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAD (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
1999 The economic consequences of available diagnostic and prognostic strategies for the evaluation of stable angina patients: an observational assessment of the value of precatheterization ischemia. Economics of Noninvasive Diagnosis (END) Multicenter Study Group.
19  electron-nuclear dipolar
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EPR (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
GSD (2 times)
1997 ESR Study of Electron-Nuclear Dipolar Relaxation for AsO4 4- Spin Probe in the Paraelectric Phase of KH2 AsO4
20  endometrial
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
RRA (3 times)
PAG (2 times)
PsEND (2 times)
2006 Porcine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein family (pPAGs) - as in vitro-produced chorionic ligands for luteal and uterine gonadotropin receptors.
21  endurance-trained athletes
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
POW (2 times)
IL (1 time)
ME (1 time)
1998 [Energy metabolism and characteristics of muscle during anaerobic exercise].
22  Environmental Noise Directive
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CEE (1 time)
INSPIRE (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2010 Strategic environmental noise mapping: methodological issues concerning the implementation of the EU Environmental Noise Directive and their policy implications.
23  ethylmorphine N-demethylation
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
ECOD (4 times)
EROD (3 times)
b.wt (1 time)
1990 Sex differences in hepatic cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase activities in rainbow trout during an annual reproductive cycle.
24  external nasal dilator
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
INDS (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2001 Effect of nostril dilatation on prolonged all-out intermittent exercise performance.
25  end of surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
1POD (1 time)
ABG (1 time)
2000 A decreased serum concentration of nitrite/nitrate correlates with an increased plasma concentration of lactate during and after major surgery.
26  endoreduplication
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
topo II (2 times)
HQ (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2004 Toward a comprehensive model for induced endoreduplication.
27  endoxifen
(3 times)
Breast Neoplasms
(2 times)
TAM (3 times)
4-HT (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2013 Effects of CYP2D6 and UGT2B7 polymorphisms on pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen in Thai breast cancer patients.
28  endurance athletes
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AFF (1 time)
CV (1 time)
GAM (1 time)
1991 [Non-invasive detection of left ventricular diastolic function in variously trained endurance athletes during a marathon run with pulsed Doppler sonography].
29  endurance-trained
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MCTG (1 time)
MT (1 time)
nEND (1 time)
2002 Myocellular triacylglycerol breakdown in females but not in males during exercise.
30  extended negatively dependent
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Complete moment convergence and mean convergence for arrays of rowwise extended negatively dependent random variables.
31  extended neuronal depolarization
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
APV (1 time)
CNQX (1 time)
Glu (1 time)
1991 Neurotoxic activation of glutamate receptors induces an extended neuronal depolarization in cultured hippocampal neurons.
32  elective ND
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ND (2 times)
MRND (1 time)
PORT (1 time)
2014 Head and neck salivary gland carcinomas--elective neck dissection, yes or no?
33  electron nuclear dynamics
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCT (1 time)
2014 Quantum nuclear extension of electron nuclear dynamics on folded effective-potential surfaces.
34  end of anesthesia
(2 times)
Birds
(1 time)
PACU (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
RES (1 time)
2012 Spontaneous breathing during general anesthesia prevents the ventral redistribution of ventilation as detected by electrical impedance tomography: a randomized trial.
35  endocardium
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EPI (2 times)
AP-A (1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
1990 Efficacy and safety of catheter electrical ablation for ventricular tachycardia--experimental and clinical studies.
36  endoglin gene
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAPI (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
1993 Assignment of the human endoglin gene (END) to 9q34-->qter.
37  endometritis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
PEX4 (1 time)
2012 TP53 PIN3 and PEX4 polymorphisms and infertility associated with endometriosis or with post-in vitro fertilization implantation failure.
38  endometrium
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
DIE (1 time)
ECX (1 time)
2016 Expression of stem cell-related genes in the endometrium and endometriotic lesions: a pilot study.
39  endoscopic neck dissection
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
--- 2000 Endoscopic neck dissection in an animal model: comparison of nodal yield with open-neck dissection.
40  endothelial function
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
Adi (1 time)
ARB (1 time)
2005 Insulin sensitivity and endothelial function in hypertension: a comparison of temocapril and candesartan.
41  endurance training
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HIIT (2 times)
CGM (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2018 The effect on glycaemic control of low-volume high-intensity interval training versus endurance training in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
42  enduring
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
EXP (2 times)
2013 Insight into the so-called spatial reciprocity.
43  equivalent narcosis depth
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
DT (1 time)
DTs (1 time)
2009 Estimates of N2 narcosis and O2 toxicity during submarine escapes from 600 to 1,000 fsw.
44  essential N-terminal domain
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2000 The N terminus of the centromere H3-like protein Cse4p performs an essential function distinct from that of the histone fold domain.
45  alpha-endorphin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Babs (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1997 Quantitative analysis of the products of IgG chain recombination in hybrid hybridomas based on affinity chromatography and radioimmunoassay.
46  beta-endorphin1-31
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
POMC (1 time)
2007 Lymphocytes upregulate signal sequence-encoding proopiomelanocortin mRNA and beta-endorphin during painful inflammation in vivo.
47  e-commerce networked delivery system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SND (1 time)
TND (1 time)
2009 Designing and assessing a sustainable networked delivery (SND) system: hybrid business-to-consumer book delivery case study.
48  early ND
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ICH (1 time)
IVH (1 time)
LND (1 time)
2015 Prediction and prognostication of neurological deterioration in patients with acute ICH: a hospital-based cohort study.
49  Early neurodevelopment disabilities
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CP (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2009 Prevalence of early neurodevelopmental disabilities in Mexico: a systematic review.
50  early neurological disturbances
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1990 [The effective dosage as the stimulating exposure in fractionated gamma irradiation].
51  EBNA-2 N-terminal dimerization
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EBNA2 (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2015 The EBNA-2 N-Terminal Transactivation Domain Folds into a Dimeric Structure Required for Target Gene Activation.
52  ectopic nodal
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ETE (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2017 Mapping the distribution of nodal metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma: Where exactly are the nodes?
53  Education Not Discrimination
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Anti-stigma training for medical students: the Education Not Discrimination project.
54  EhABP-120 carboxy-terminal domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 The ABP-120 C-end region from Entamoeba histolytica interacts with sulfatide, a new lipid target.
55  emotional-nondefensiveness
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
EPM (1 time)
SJT (1 time)
UKCAT (1 time)
2017 Do personality traits assessed on medical school admission predict exit performance? A UK-wide longitudinal cohort study.
56  END and non-END
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BAD (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
NIHSS (1 time)
2018 Mean Platelet Volume Is Associated with Early Neurological Deterioration in Patients with Branch Atheromatous Disease: Involvement of Platelet Activation.
57  End exercise
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ITs (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2006 Reliability of 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy during an exhaustive incremental exercise test in children.
58  end of exercise
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
alphaF (1 time)
alphaS (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2015 Prefrontal and motor cortex EEG responses and their relationship to ventilatory thresholds during exhaustive incremental exercise.
59  end of the 1-month rotation
(1 time)
Health
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
2018 An examination of eating disorder education and experience in a 1-month adolescent medicine rotation: what is sufficient to foster adequate self-efficacy?
60  end of the study
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2005 Long-term potassium citrate therapy and bone mineral density in idiopathic calcium stone formers.
61  end of therapy
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 1994 Soluble interleukin-2 receptor monitoring during bacterial and viral infections in liver transplant recipients: a comparative evaluation.
62  end points
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
BTX-A (1 time)
IP-E (1 time)
KAT (1 time)
2007 Kinematic aiming task: measuring functional changes in hand and arm movements after botulinum toxin-A injections in children with spastic hemiplegia.
63  END-2, which enantioselectively oxidizes (+)-enterodiol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Human intestinal bacterium, strain END-2 is responsible for demethylation as well as lactonization during plant lignan metabolism.
64  endarterectomy
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CO2 (1 time)
1987 The argon contact laser scalpel: a study of its effect on atherosclerosis.
65  endemic regions
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
IgG (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2015 Eosinophil-associated processes underlie differences in clinical presentation of loiasis between temporary residents and those indigenous to Loa-endemic areas.
66  endocervix
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CCR5 (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2014 Phenotype and susceptibility to HIV infection of CD4+ Th17 cells in the human female reproductive tract.
67  endocrine/systemic dysfunctions, divided into endometriosis
(1 time)
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
IW (1 time)
2017 Expression of PGR, HBEGF, ITGAV, ITGB3 and SPP1 genes in eutopic endometrium of infertile women with endometriosis during the implantation window: a pilot study.
68  endocytosis
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
Sec (1 time)
2015 Membrane trafficking in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae model.
69  endoderm-like cells
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
1983 Teratocarcinoma cells exhibit growth cooperativity in vitro.
70  endodermal derivatives
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
1987 Preparation and properties of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to mouse epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors: evidence for cryptic EGF receptors in embryonal carcinoma cells.
71  endoglin
(1 time)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
FSiNPs (1 time)
mEND (1 time)
2017 A New Theranostic System Based on Endoglin Aptamer Conjugated Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles.
72  Endomethasone N
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
GF (1 time)
2017 A laboratory study evaluating the pH of various modern root canal filling materials.
73  endonuclease
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASI (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1991 The use of recombinant antigens in ELISA procedures for the quantification of intrathecally produced HIV-1-specific antibodies.
74  endoperoxide analogues
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
PG (1 time)
1986 Contractile effects of TxA2 and endoperoxide analogues on cultured rat glomerular mesangial cells.
75  endopiriform nucleus
(1 time)
Neuroanatomy
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
2014 Calretinin immunoreactivity in the claustrum of the rat.
76  endoscopic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DCR (1 time)
EXT (1 time)
2018 [Foreign body obstruction in the lacrimal duct after exploration of the duct].
77  endoscopic evaluation
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
KUB (1 time)
NCCT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2018 Assessment of residual stone fragments after retrograde intrarenal surgery.
78  endoscopic needle driver
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ESD (1 time)
2017 Comparison of laparoscopic gastropexy performed via intracorporeal suturing with knotless unidirectional barbed suture using a needle driver versus a roticulated endoscopic suturing device: 30 cases.
79  endoscopy
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1996 Sequential test selection in the analysis of abdominal pain.
80  Endosequence BC Sealer
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
PMNs (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of apoptosis/necrosis and cytokine release provoked by three root canal sealers in human polymorphonuclears and monocytes.
81  endotoxin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
IND (1 time)
1996 Effect of endotoxin on interleukin-6 secretion and messenger ribonucleic acid in porcine anterior pituitary cells.
82  endurance constant-moderate intensity exercise
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
HIIT (1 time)
2018 Differential metabolic effects of constant moderate versus high intensity interval training in high-fat fed mice: possible role of muscle adiponectin.
83  endurance runners
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
RS (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2015 Repeated sprint performance and metabolic recovery curves: effects of aerobic and anaerobic characteristics.
84  endurance sport
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
REF (1 time)
1987 [Cardiac hypertrophy, dilatation and performance in top athletes].
85  Ensembles of nested dichotomies
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
HAR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2018 Classification of Human Daily Activities Using Ensemble Methods Based on Smartphone Inertial Sensors.
86  ENU-induced Nell-1-deficient
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Calvarial cleidocraniodysplasia-like defects with ENU-induced Nell-1 deficiency.
87  ependymoma
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
DIG (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2002 Molecular evidence of apoptotic death in malignant brain tumors including glioblastoma multiforme: upregulation of calpain and caspase-3.
88  epiduroscopic neural decompression
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ELND (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LSS (1 time)
2014 The efficacy of epiduroscopic neural decompression with Ho:YAG laser ablation in lumbar spinal stenosis.
89  exaltation of Newcastle disease phenomenon
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
VSV (1 time)
2018 Quantitative and rapid interference of bovine viral diarrhea virus BVDV/END- and BVDV/END+ strains.
90  Excitotoxic Neuroinflammatory Death
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
KA (1 time)
2010 Cannabinoid receptor activation reduces TNFalpha-induced surface localization of AMPAR-type glutamate receptors and excitotoxicity.
91  exercise nandrolone decanoate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AASs (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2017 Chronic endurance exercise antagonizes the cardiac UCP2 and UCP3 protein up-regulation induced by nandrolone decanoate.
92  exercise non-diabetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
ND (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on Plasma Apelin Levels and Pain Threshold in T1DM Rats.
93  exotic ND disease
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AAC (1 time)
ND (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
2012 Protection from clinical disease against three highly virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus after in ovo application of an antibody-antigen complex vaccine in maternal antibody-positive chickens.
94  exposure to the infection, but with no detectable infection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
INF (1 time)
OvAg (1 time)
1988 Cell-mediated immune responses in human infection with Onchocerca volvulus.
95  extent of lymph node dissection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
2016 Prognostic Influence of the Extent of Lymph Node Dissection and Perioperative Comorbidities in Patients with Gastric Cancer.
96  external neck drainage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DPOIA (1 time)
IOD (1 time)
LPOHS (1 time)
2004 Intraoral drainage: recommended as the initial approach for the treatment of parapharyngeal abscesses.
97  extraneurologic disease
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1993 The role of systemic high-dose cytarabine in the treatment of central nervous system leukemia. Clinical results in 46 patients.
98  extreme negative deviations
(1 time)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
CST (1 time)
EPD (1 time)
2015 Extreme deviations from expected recovery curves and their associations with therapeutic alliance, social support, motivation, and life events in psychosomatic in-patient therapy.
99  forced-endurance
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PGC-1alpha (1 time)
SED (1 time)
2011 Exercise increases mitochondrial PGC-1alpha content and promotes nuclear-mitochondrial cross-talk to coordinate mitochondrial biogenesis.
100  HBeAg negative disease
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CHB (1 time)
HBsAg (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2014 Clinical utility of hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history and treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection.