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Abbreviation: ER
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Long forms: 862

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endoplasmic reticulum
(21348 times)
Biochemistry
(4647 times)
UPR (2220 times)
CHOP (730 times)
ROS (641 times)
1960 Electron microscope observations on frozen-dried cells.
estrogen receptor
(14062 times)
Neoplasms
(5199 times)
PR (2811 times)
HER2 (867 times)
PgR (661 times)
1975 Current status of estrogen receptors in human breast cancer.
emergency room
(1408 times)
Medicine
(183 times)
OR (74 times)
CI (69 times)
ICU (55 times)
1975 A study of consumer attitudes about health care: the role of the emergency room.
extended-release
(906 times)
Pharmacology
(230 times)
IR (184 times)
OAB (89 times)
AEs (48 times)
1989 A placebo-controlled dose-response study of felodipine extended release in hypertensive patients.
estrogen
(783 times)
Neoplasms
(375 times)
PR (516 times)
PgR (179 times)
AR (130 times)
1979 Hormone dependency of rat mammary carcinoma--a comparison of two assay systems.
endoscopic resection
(262 times)
Gastroenterology
(154 times)
EGC (55 times)
ESD (39 times)
EMR (24 times)
1988 [Radical endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer-indication for and evaluation of endoscopic resection].
external rotation
(249 times)
Sports Medicine
(93 times)
IR (158 times)
ROM (59 times)
ABD (11 times)
1994 Comparative measurements of anterior tibial translation using the KT-1000 knee arthrometer with the leg in neutral, internal rotation, and external rotation.
emotion regulation
(233 times)
Psychology
(91 times)
ASD (14 times)
HC (9 times)
RSA (9 times)
1996 Individual differences in emotion regulation and behavior problems in preschool children.
extinction ratio
(156 times)
Ophthalmology
(65 times)
IL (7 times)
CR (6 times)
PBS (6 times)
1975 Study of indirect methods for measuring hepatic blood flow in the isolated perfused dog liver.
10  enhancement ratio
(146 times)
Radiology
(46 times)
MRI (11 times)
SC (8 times)
ADC (6 times)
1978 Interaction between electron-affinic sensitizers.
11  early repolarization
(130 times)
Cardiology
(95 times)
VF (29 times)
ECG (24 times)
SCD (11 times)
1995 Early repolarization on scalar electrocardiogram.
12  expression of oestrogen receptor
(129 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
PR (37 times)
PgR (9 times)
AR (8 times)
1986 Cloning of the human oestrogen receptor cDNA.
13  electrorheological
(125 times)
Chemistry
(66 times)
TEM (9 times)
XRD (7 times)
SEM (6 times)
1997 Microstructure-Confined Mechanical and Electric Properties of the Electrorheological Fluids under the Oscillatory Mechanical Field
14  estradiol receptor
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(40 times)
PR (39 times)
PgR (17 times)
AR (5 times)
1977 Determination of estrogen receptors in canine mammary tumors.
15  energy restriction
(104 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(42 times)
AL (9 times)
CON (5 times)
FR (4 times)
1985 A possible explanation of the effects of dietary lactose concentration during recovery of protein depletion in growing rats.
16  ERECTA
(42 times)
Botany
(21 times)
ERL1 (10 times)
tmm (8 times)
WUS (4 times)
2001 Altered expression of SPINDLY affects gibberellin response and plant development.
17  Eley-Rideal
(40 times)
Chemistry
(27 times)
L-H (22 times)
DFT (4 times)
HA (3 times)
2001 Various aspects of the constraints imposed on the photochemistry of systems in porous silica.
18  Erdos-Renyi
(39 times)
Statistics as Topic
(19 times)
SF (14 times)
RR (4 times)
BA (3 times)
2003 Optimal paths in disordered complex networks.
19  evoked response
(39 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
AC (5 times)
LV (4 times)
BiV (3 times)
1977 Neural pathway mediating somatic evoked responses in the caudate nucleus of cats.
20  enoyl reductase
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
DH (16 times)
KR (16 times)
KS (10 times)
1992 Organization of the enzymatic domains in the multifunctional polyketide synthase involved in erythromycin formation in Saccharopolyspora erythraea.
21  exertional rhabdomyolysis
(34 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
CK (11 times)
MH (5 times)
CPK (3 times)
1999 Epidemiologic analysis of factors influencing exertional rhabdomyolysis in Thoroughbreds.
22  external
(34 times)
Sports Medicine
(17 times)
IR (33 times)
ROM (4 times)
CON (3 times)
1993 Loading and deformation of the cat posterior knee joint capsule in axial and extension rotations.
23  early response
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
LR (17 times)
ENR (6 times)
OA (6 times)
1986 Pathway of the blink reflex in the brainstem of the cat: interneurons between the trigeminal nuclei and the facial nucleus.
24  endovascular repair
(33 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
OR (21 times)
AAA (5 times)
PAAs (5 times)
2001 Differences in renal response between endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
25  error rate
(33 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
RT (11 times)
MRT (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1988 MR characteristics of prostatic carcinoma and benign prostatic hyperplasia at 1.5 T.
26  ecosystem respiration
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
GPP (17 times)
GEP (13 times)
NEE (7 times)
2003 Response of NDVI, biomass, and ecosystem gas exchange to long-term warming and fertilization in wet sedge tundra.
27  efflux ratio
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
P-gp (9 times)
BBB (6 times)
CNS (4 times)
2001 Transport of peptidomimetic thrombin inhibitors with a 3-amidino-phenylalanine structure: permeability and efflux mechanism in monolayers of a human intestinal cell line (Caco-2).
28  excess risk
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
CI (6 times)
GAM (5 times)
HFMD (2 times)
1997 Adverse effects and compliance with mefloquine or proguanil antimalarial chemoprophylaxis.
29  energy-restricted
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
PR (9 times)
AL (4 times)
PER (4 times)
1985 Evidence suggesting that the elevated plasma triiodothyronine concentration of rats fed on protein deficient diets is physiologically active.
30  early
(28 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
LR (8 times)
RI (7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
1985 [Properties of individual waves of the somato-sympathetic reflex].
31  estradiol
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PR (19 times)
PgR (6 times)
AR (3 times)
1983 Simultaneous occurrence of receptors for estradiol, progesterone, and dihydrotestosterone in canine mammary tumors.
32  early recurrence
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
HCC (14 times)
AF (4 times)
ROC (4 times)
2006 Factors associated with early recurrence after resection for hepatocellular carcinoma and outcomes.
33  early referral
(26 times)
Nephrology
(12 times)
LR (23 times)
ESRD (6 times)
HD (5 times)
1998 Early referral and its impact on emergent first dialyses, health care costs, and outcome.
34  equivalence ratio
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
LHV (6 times)
TGA (3 times)
CCE (2 times)
1999 Derivation and analytic evaluation of an equivalence relation clustering algorithm.
35  emergency department
(24 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1992 Non-fatal farm injuries on 117 eastern Ontario beef and dairy farms: a one-year study.
36  enhanced recovery
(22 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
LOS (8 times)
ASA (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1999 Effectiveness of rest pauses and cooling in alleviation of heat stress during simulated fire-fighting activity.
37  etch-and-rinse
(22 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
SE (19 times)
NL (5 times)
SBU (4 times)
2007 A 36-month evaluation of self-etch and etch-and-rinse adhesives in noncarious cervical lesions.
38  early relapse
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
LR (6 times)
DFS (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1988 Lymphocyte depletion of donor bone marrow by counterflow centrifugal elutriation: results of a phase I clinical trial.
39  event-related
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
fMRI (6 times)
BOLD (3 times)
PVC (3 times)
1995 [Evaluation of late potential by using--event-related signal-averaging technique].
40  emotion recognition
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
ASD (3 times)
ASC (2 times)
TLE (2 times)
1999 Theory of mind and emotion-recognition functioning in autistic spectrum disorders and in psychiatric control and normal children.
41  electrical resistance
(18 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
SIFT (3 times)
TEWL (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1996 A comparison of the ovulation method with the CUE ovulation predictor in determining the fertile period.
42  ethoxyresorufin
(18 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
PR (8 times)
MC (5 times)
PB (5 times)
1981 Inhibitors of 7-ethoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxycoumarin de-ethylases in rat small intestinal microsomes and cells.
43  evaporation rate
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
TEWL (5 times)
AGA (2 times)
ICH (2 times)
1977 Transepidermal water loss in newborn infants. I. Relation to ambient humidity and site of measurement and estimation of total transepidermal water loss.
44  energy retention
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
ME (7 times)
DM (3 times)
HP (3 times)
1978 The effects of plane of nutrition and environmental temperature on the energy metabolism of the growing pig. 3. The efficiency of energy utilization for maintenance and growth.
45  estrogen receptor status
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
DFS (4 times)
OS (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1984 Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in breast cancer: a correlation with obesity but not with estrogen receptor status.
46  endovascular revascularization
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
OR (7 times)
CMI (5 times)
ALI (2 times)
2009 Outcome of open versus endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia: review of comparative studies.
47  epoxy resin
(16 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
ACD (2 times)
DGEBA (2 times)
ERC (2 times)
1989 Allergic contact dermatitis from dental composite resins due to aromatic epoxy acrylates and aliphatic acrylates.
48  emotional reactivity
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BP (2 times)
GWLs (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
1987 Emotional reactivity and elevated blood pressure.
49  expression of oestrogen
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PR (10 times)
PgR (4 times)
BC (2 times)
1992 Immunohistochemical determination of androgen receptors in relation to oestrogen and progesterone receptors in female breast cancer.
50  Ehrlichia ruminantium
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
EBs (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
MAP1 (1 time)
2005 Quantification of Ehrlichia ruminantium by real time PCR.
51  ejection rate
(14 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
EF (10 times)
EDV (3 times)
EP (3 times)
1976 [Influence of nitroglycerin on hemodynamics, wall tension and oxygen consumption of the left ventricle].
52  enhanced reactivation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
XP (8 times)
EM (6 times)
AT (4 times)
1981 Enhanced reactivation of ultraviolet-damaged herpes virus in ultraviolet pretreated skin fibroblasts of cancer prone donors.
53  emergency
(13 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LOS (2 times)
non-ER (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1986 Surgonomics: the cost dynamics of craniotomy.
54  energy reflectance
(13 times)
Audiology
(12 times)
MFT (2 times)
WATF (2 times)
WBR (2 times)
2003 Wideband energy reflectance measurements in adults with middle-ear disorders.
55  Entity Relationship
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
AF (7 times)
PD (7 times)
SBGN (7 times)
2003 MRAD: Metabolic reaction analysis database--an entity-relationship approach.
56  event rate
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
OR (4 times)
ADHD (3 times)
CZP (3 times)
2007 Concomitant multiple revascularizations in supra-aortic arteries: short-term results in 50 patients.
57  electrorotation
(12 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
DEP (3 times)
ACF (1 time)
cDEP (1 time)
1997 Measurement of inherent particle properties by dynamic light scattering: introducing electrorotational light scattering.
58  estrogen receptor-positive
(12 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DFS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
1999 Induction of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta5-delta4 isomerase type 1 gene transcription in human breast cancer cell lines and in normal mammary epithelial cells by interleukin-4 and interleukin-13.
59  E receptor
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PR (3 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
17-B-HSD (1 time)
1984 Implantation of the rabbit blastocyst: sequential changes in estradiol and progesterone and their receptors.
60  endurance runners
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SP (2 times)
SR (2 times)
UT (2 times)
1983 Differential effects of running and weight-lifting on the rat coronary arterial tree.
61  enrichment ratio
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
NPS (2 times)
OM (2 times)
TN (2 times)
2001 [Enrichment of organic matter and nitrogen in eroded bedloads].
62  exposure ratio
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
UVER (4 times)
SEDs (2 times)
UV (2 times)
2009 Short-term UV exposure of sunbathers at a Mediterranean Sea site.
63  extreme resistance
(11 times)
Botany
(7 times)
SMV (6 times)
HR (4 times)
HC-Pro (3 times)
2000 Recessive and dominant genes interfere with the vascular transport of Potato virus A in diploid potatoes.
64  early ratio
(10 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
DR (10 times)
RI (7 times)
MIBI (4 times)
1995 [Usefulness of 201Tl SPECT in the evaluation of treatment effect for primary lung cancer].
65  ER-beta
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
ERs (2 times)
PR (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1997 Comparative distribution of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta mRNA in the rat central nervous system.
66  ergonovine
(10 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
ACh (7 times)
LCA (5 times)
RCA (5 times)
2000 New combined spasm provocation test in patients with rest angina: intracoronary injection of acetylcholine after intracoronary administration of ergonovine.
67  excellent response
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
NR (4 times)
PR (4 times)
BDNF (2 times)
1993 Outcomes of cryosurgery in keloids and hypertrophic scars. A prospective consecutive trial of case series.
68  ecological risk
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SSDs (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2011 Climate change, agricultural insecticide exposure, and risk for freshwater communities.
69  effective rate
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
SD (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
1993 [Process of making a protocol for advanced gastric cancer chemotherapy--using 5'-DFUR+CDDP as an example].
70  electrical resistivity
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AAFO (1 time)
AM (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
2011 Geoelectrical imaging of hyporheic exchange and mixing of river water and groundwater in a large regulated river.
71  energy ratio
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
LTAS (2 times)
SPR (2 times)
CAF (1 time)
2005 Factors associated with low reported energy intake in the elderly.
72  error
(9 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
MES (2 times)
Rt (2 times)
1996 Diagnostic tools for the detection of subclinical hepatic encephalopathy: comparison of standard and computerized psychometric tests with spectral-EEG.
73  expiration reflex
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CR (4 times)
TB (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1985 Effects of hypoxia on respiratory defence reflexes. Effects of thirty hours' oxygen deficiency on cough, the expiration reflex and sneezing in awake cats.
74  mitochondria-endoplasmic reticulum
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
GSK3beta (1 time)
HKI (1 time)
2013 Mitofusin 2 in POMC neurons connects ER stress with leptin resistance and energy imbalance.
75  electroreflectance
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CV (2 times)
dBV (1 time)
EC-STM (1 time)
1997 Observation of Electron Transfer between a Silver Electrode and Putidaredoxin Using Electromodulated Reflectance Spectroscopy
76  elimination rate
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PR (2 times)
UR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1985 Polymorphism of aldehyde dehydrogenase and ethanol elimination.
77  Elizabeth River
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PAHs (6 times)
KC (4 times)
CYP1A (3 times)
2009 Effect of CYP1A inhibition on the biotransformation of benzo[a]pyrene in two populations of Fundulus heteroclitus with different exposure histories.
78  elongation ratio
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ACM (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2008 Identification of stably expressed quantitative trait loci for cooked rice elongation in non-Basmati varieties.
79  endometrial receptivity
(8 times)
Infertility
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
EG-VEGF (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
2015 ART and uterine pathology: how relevant is the maternal side for implantation?
80  energy recovery
(8 times)
Technology
(3 times)
ASA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1998 Tempo of hematologic recovery correlates with peripheral blood CD34+ cell level in patients undergoing stem cell mobilization.
81  energy representation
(8 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
QM/MM (2 times)
FE (1 time)
FEG (1 time)
2007 Computational study on the relative acidity of acetic acid by the QM/MM method combined with the theory of energy representation.
82  ERalpha
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
BPA (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
1996 ER beta: identification and characterization of a novel human estrogen receptor.
83  erythrocyte rosettes
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PBL (3 times)
SR (2 times)
CLL (1 time)
1974 Scanning electron microscopy of human lymphocyte-sheep erythrocyte rosettes.
84  erythromycin-resistant
(8 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
D-test (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1997 Antibiotic susceptibility of group A streptococci in 2 Italian cities: Milano and Catania.
85  erythrosine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LED (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
RB (2 times)
1990 Rotational mobility of Sendai virus glycoproteins in membranes of fused human erythrocytes and in the envelopes of cell-bound virions.
86  estrogen-estrogen receptor
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AID (1 time)
2004 Anatomy of the estrogen response element.
87  evidential reasoning
(8 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
AHP (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
CTOS (1 time)
2009 Use of fuzzy evidential reasoning in maritime security assessment.
88  extraction recovery
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
EF (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
LLOQ (2 times)
2013 Enantioselective bioaccumulation of diniconazole in Tenebrio molitor larvae.
89  efficiency ratio
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BV (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
1981 Effects of iron and ascorbic acid supplementation on hemoglobin level and work efficiency of anemic women.
90  effort-reward
(7 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
ERI (3 times)
DC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2007 Inter-method agreement between O*NET and survey measures of psychosocial exposure among healthcare industry employees.
91  ego-resiliency
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
EC (3 times)
AEW (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
1996 Negotiating the middle years: ego-resiliency and successful midlife adjustment in women.
92  embryo reduction
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
DCT (2 times)
DBT (1 time)
2006 Risks of miscarriage and early preterm birth in trichorionic triplet pregnancies with embryo reduction versus expectant management: new data and systematic review.
93  Emilia Romagna
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
bTB (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
2004 Utilization of suboptimal kidney donors.
94  endoscopic recurrence
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CD (5 times)
CR (2 times)
RS (2 times)
2014 Addition of mesalazine for subclinical post-surgical endoscopic recurrence of Crohn's disease despite preventive thiopurine therapy: A case-control study.
95  energy requirement
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BMR (2 times)
DLW (2 times)
HRM (2 times)
1987 Diet, exercise, weight loss, and energy expenditure in moderately overweight women.
96  energy-restricted group
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PER (4 times)
PR (3 times)
2001 Transfer of iodine through the milk in protein-restricted lactating rats.
97  eradication rates
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
H. pylori (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
AEQ (1 time)
1996 The influence of drug dosage on Helicobacter pylori eradication: a cost-effectiveness analysis.
98  erlotinib-resistant
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
EGFR (2 times)
PDAC (2 times)
siRNA (2 times)
2012 Combination erlotinib-cisplatin and Atg3-mediated autophagy in erlotinib resistant lung cancer.
99  Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
16S rRNA (1 time)
APP (1 time)
APV (1 time)
1979 [Development of an experimental animal model of aerogenic immunization with bacterial antigens (author's transl)].
100  Eustachian ridge
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AFL (3 times)
CTI (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1995 Role of right atrial endocardial structures as barriers to conduction during human type I atrial flutter. Activation and entrainment mapping guided by intracardiac echocardiography.