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Abbreviation: ES
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Long forms: 1322

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem
(5605 times)
Cell Biology
(1406 times)
IPs (371 times)
EBs (267 times)
LIF (201 times)
1987 The mouse Hox2.3 homeobox-containing gene: regulation in differentiating pluripotent stem cells and expression pattern in embryos.
effect size
(1700 times)
Sports Medicine
(324 times)
CI (161 times)
SRM (143 times)
RCTs (50 times)
1980 Measuring effect magnitude in repeated measures ANOVA designs: implications for gerontological research.
electrical stimulation
(1019 times)
Neurology
(192 times)
SCI (36 times)
MVC (29 times)
NE (25 times)
1975 Effect of cold exposure of the rabbit on the subsequent performance of its isolated ear artery with respect to temperature.
Ewing sarcoma
(657 times)
Neoplasms
(313 times)
PNET (71 times)
OS (66 times)
NB (21 times)
1980 Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.
excretory-secretory
(605 times)
Parasitology
(309 times)
ELISA (55 times)
ML (17 times)
dpi (14 times)
1979 Studies on chronic versus transient intestinal nematode infections in mice. I. A. comparison of responses to excretory/secretory (ES) products of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Nematospiroides dubius worms.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(373 times)
Gastroenterology
(198 times)
ERCP (124 times)
CBD (78 times)
LC (50 times)
1981 Endoscopic sphincterotomy: indications and results.
erector spinae
(226 times)
Physiology
(66 times)
EMG (78 times)
RA (72 times)
EO (39 times)
1985 Geometry of adult rectus abdominis and erector spinae muscles*.
end-systolic
(205 times)
Cardiology
(68 times)
ED (173 times)
LV (108 times)
EF (40 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
endolymphatic sac
(177 times)
Otolaryngology
(130 times)
KLH (10 times)
MD (8 times)
EH (7 times)
1978 Hypoplasia of the vestibular aqueduct and endolymphatic sac in endolymphatic hydrops.
10  electrospray
(158 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(76 times)
MS (22 times)
MS/MS (11 times)
LC (9 times)
1991 Cuttlefish sperm protamines. 2. Mass spectrometry of protamines and related peptides.
11  ecosystem services
(140 times)
Environmental Health
(97 times)
DPSIR (3 times)
GIS (3 times)
ARIES (2 times)
2007 Effect of underground urban structures on eutrophic coastal environment.
12  epileptic seizures
(108 times)
Neurology
(97 times)
PNES (67 times)
NES (17 times)
VEEG (11 times)
1979 [Effect of diazepam on the Na, K-ATPase state in a penicillin--induced hyperactivity focus in the cerebral cortex].
13  Eisenmenger syndrome
(105 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
PAH (24 times)
CHD (13 times)
PH (8 times)
1979 Eisenmenger's syndrome and pregnancy.
14  electrical storm
(104 times)
Cardiology
(62 times)
ICD (26 times)
VT (26 times)
VF (21 times)
1979 [Genesis of amnesia caused by electroconvulsive shock].
15  endostatin
(101 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
VEGF (27 times)
MVD (9 times)
RCC (9 times)
2000 Anticancer treatment of endostatin gene therapy by targeting tumor neovasculature in C57/BL mice.
16  embryonic stem cells
(98 times)
Cell Biology
(24 times)
iPS (14 times)
EB (6 times)
HSC (4 times)
1989 An assessment of the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells in the midgestation mouse embryo.
17  Epithelioid sarcoma
(97 times)
Pathology
(45 times)
EMA (9 times)
CK (6 times)
IHC (6 times)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
18  estrone sulfate
(88 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
PAH (9 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
OAT3 (5 times)
1983 Estrogen sulfatase and estrogen sulfotransferase in human primary mammary carcinoma.
19  ectoplasmic specialization
(80 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(20 times)
BTB (29 times)
AJ (13 times)
TJ (13 times)
1987 A comparative study of Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specializations in selected non-mammalian vertebrates.
20  enzyme-substrate
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
EP (6 times)
QM/MM (6 times)
2,3-QD (2 times)
1979 Determination of enzyme mechanisms by radiationless energy transfer kinetics.
21  excretory-secretory products
(51 times)
Parasitology
(34 times)
PC (5 times)
AW (2 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1977 Chemical attraction between adults of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: description of the phenomenon and effects of host immunity.
22  Evans syndrome
(47 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
AIHA (17 times)
ITP (13 times)
SLE (5 times)
1993 Parvovirus B19-associated haemophagocytosis in Evans syndrome: aplastic crisis accompanied by severe thrombocytopenia.
23  epileptic spasms
(41 times)
Brain
(25 times)
EEG (8 times)
WS (6 times)
MRI (3 times)
1998 Evidence of late-onset infantile spasms.
24  exome sequencing
(40 times)
Genetics, Medical
(26 times)
GS (3 times)
WGS (3 times)
CNV (2 times)
2011 Genomics really gets personal: how exome and whole genome sequencing challenge the ethical framework of human genetics research.
25  expert system
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
DSS (3 times)
AI (2 times)
ANN (2 times)
1986 [Testing an expert system for hypertension].
26  expression site
(38 times)
Molecular Biology
(21 times)
VSG (31 times)
ESAG (5 times)
ESAGs (3 times)
1990 The promoter for a variant surface glycoprotein gene expression site in Trypanosoma brucei.
27  extensive stage
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
SCLC (28 times)
LS (21 times)
OS (9 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
28  engraftment syndrome
(34 times)
Transplantation
(22 times)
HSCT (8 times)
GVHD (7 times)
HCT (4 times)
1996 Clinical evidence for an engraftment syndrome associated with early and steep neutrophil recovery after autologous blood stem cell transplantation.
29  emergency services
(31 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
COPD (2 times)
PC (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
1978 Hand injuries: incidence and epidemiology in an emergency service.
30  electrospun
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
PCL (3 times)
FRET (2 times)
PVDF-HFP (2 times)
2008 Influence of electrospun collagen on wound contraction of engineered skin substitutes.
31  embolic signals
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
TCD (9 times)
TIA (4 times)
ACS (3 times)
1996 Multigated Doppler ultrasound in the detection of emboli in a flow model and embolic signals in patients.
32  emulsion stability
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
EA (11 times)
EC (7 times)
WHC (6 times)
1986 Stability at comminution chopping temperatures of model chicken breast muscle emulsions.
33  exanthem subitum
(27 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
HHV-6 (18 times)
HHV-7 (6 times)
PCR (5 times)
1992 Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the central nervous system.
34  extent score
(27 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(11 times)
SS (17 times)
LVEF (8 times)
AMI (5 times)
1989 Body surface potential mapping in anterior myocardial infarction--a longitudinal study in acute, convalescent and chronic phases.
35  endoscopic sclerotherapy
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
DSRS (4 times)
EVL (4 times)
TIPS (4 times)
1986 The selective role of endoscopic sclerotherapy in the management of bleeding esophageal varices.
36  emotional stress
(25 times)
Brain
(5 times)
PS (5 times)
CRF (2 times)
CRH (2 times)
1985 [Hormonal regulation of the hemostasis system in patients with ischemic heart disease during emotional stress].
37  endotoxic shock
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
MAP (9 times)
LPS (7 times)
HS (3 times)
1978 Plasma kallikrein activity and prekallikrein levels during endotoxin shock in dogs.
38  equilibrium score
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SOT (11 times)
COP (4 times)
ApEn (3 times)
1993 Sensory organization of balance responses in children 3-6 years of age: a normative study with diagnostic implications.
39  excessive sleepiness
(24 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
OSA (9 times)
SWD (4 times)
CPAP (3 times)
2005 Modafinil: new indications for wake promotion.
40  elasticity score
(23 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
SR (10 times)
RTE (8 times)
US (5 times)
2009 Elastosonographic evaluation of thyroid nodules in acromegaly.
41  evolution strategy
(23 times)
Biology
(9 times)
EA (2 times)
EP (2 times)
PSO (2 times)
1994 Solving the quadratic assignment problem with clues from nature.
42  empty sella
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
MRI (5 times)
GH (4 times)
GHD (3 times)
1984 The "empty sella" in childhood.
43  endosonography
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CT (5 times)
ARA (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
1986 Endosonographic diagnosis of benign pancreatic and biliary lesions.
44  emergency surgery
(21 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
SEMS (4 times)
ACS-NSQIP (3 times)
ESS (3 times)
2003 [HCV, HBV and HIV infections: risk for surgeon and staff. Results and consequences of routine screening in emergency patients].
45  Endosulfan
(21 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
AM (2 times)
BaP (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1988 The effect of two sulphur-containing pesticides, fenitrothion and endosulfan, on glutathione (GSH) content and on GSH S-transferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities in midgut gland of the American red crayfish Procambarus clarkii.
46  Eagle's syndrome
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
CT (3 times)
SP (3 times)
ACs (1 time)
2006 Heterogeneity in the clinical presentation of Eagle's syndrome.
47  electrostatic
(19 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
CT (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
QM (2 times)
2003 Density functional theory of charged, hard-sphere fluids.
48  electrosurgery
(19 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
US (4 times)
EBVS (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2001 UltraCision or high-frequency knife in transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM)? Advantages of a new procedure.
49  endometrial stromal
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
dPRL (5 times)
PKA (4 times)
CRE (3 times)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
50  extrasystole
(19 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PES (2 times)
PESP (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1982 Analysis of mechanical alternans in rabbit papillary muscle.
51  eggshell
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ESM (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
GC (2 times)
2008 Utilization of ground eggshell waste as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution.
52  environmental surveillance
(17 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
AFP (10 times)
PV (3 times)
AFPS (2 times)
2006 Surveillance for polioviruses.
53  estradiol
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
PG (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1984 Behavioural responsiveness to muscimol and apomorphine 2 months after prolonged treatment with estradiol in rats.
54  excretory and secretory
(17 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
p.i (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
1980 Intradermal reactivity of excretory and secretory products of onchocercal microfilariae.
55  Eccrine spiradenoma
(16 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
MES (4 times)
GVES (1 time)
IMLN (1 time)
1990 Eccrine spiradenoma occurring in infancy mimicking mesenchymal tumor.
56  epilepsy surgery
(16 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AEDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
1999 Cost-benefit of epilepsy surgery.
57  excited state
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
GS (12 times)
QD (5 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2008 Charge-transfer-to-solvent-driven dissolution dynamics of I- (H2O)2-5 upon excitation: excited-state ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
58  exfoliation syndrome
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
CI (4 times)
EG (4 times)
POAG (4 times)
1985 Anterior chamber angle in the exfoliation syndrome.
59  exteroceptive suppression
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EMG (2 times)
PT (2 times)
S-R (2 times)
1992 Exteroceptive suppression of temporalis muscle activity in various types of headache.
60  early stage
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
LS (6 times)
AS (3 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
61  emeraldine salt
(15 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PANI (6 times)
EB (5 times)
CD (2 times)
2001 Study of vibrational spectra of polyaniline doped with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid.
62  environmental samples
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MAP (3 times)
ACH (1 time)
ALE (1 time)
2004 Improved quantitative recovery of Listeria monocytogenes from stainless steel surfaces using a one-ply composite tissue.
63  enzyme-substrate complex
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
cat (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1976 Kinetics of the action of papain on fluorescent peptide substrates.
64  Espirito Santo
(15 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
MG (2 times)
RJ (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Aedes albopictus may not be vector of dengue virus in human epidemics in Brazil.
65  excess sludge
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
SCOD (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2001 Kinetic analysis of disruption of excess activated sludge by Dyno Mill and characteristics of protein release for recovery of useful materials.
66  EuroSCORE
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
CABG (5 times)
MECC (4 times)
IABP (2 times)
2004 [Mortality risk estimation in cardiac surgery].
67  evolutionarily stable
(14 times)
Biology
(11 times)
ESSs (1 time)
GFG (1 time)
RPS (1 time)
1992 Evolutionarily stable sets in symmetric extensive two-person games.
68  E-selectin
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
ICAM-1 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Donor platelet and leukocyte load identify renal allografts at an increased risk of acute rejection.
69  early seizures
(13 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ICH (4 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2001 Prevalence and predictors of early seizure and status epilepticus after first stroke.
70  Edwards SAPIEN
(13 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
TAVR (5 times)
CV (4 times)
MCV (4 times)
2010 Thirty-day outcome and vascular complications after transarterial aortic valve implantation using both Edwards Sapien and Medtronic CoreValve bioprostheses in a mixed population.
71  Elite controllers or suppressors
(13 times)
Virology
(9 times)
CP (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
2009 Effective downregulation of HLA-A*2 and HLA-B*57 by primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates cultured from elite suppressors.
72  end-to-side
(13 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
EE (9 times)
SS (2 times)
AIOD (1 time)
1983 Intestinal bypass. A randomized, prospective clinical study of end-to-side and end-to-end jejunoileal bypass.
73  erythromycin stearate
(13 times)
Drug Therapy
(11 times)
EA (6 times)
EPAC (2 times)
2'-AE (1 time)
1983 Effect of erythromycin stearate on serum theophylline concentration in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
74  Experience Seeking
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BS (7 times)
Dis (7 times)
TAS (7 times)
1987 Personality traits and platelet MAO activity in alcohol and drug abusing teenage boys.
75  extra signal
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CML (7 times)
FISH (6 times)
ALL (4 times)
2003 Patterns of BCR/ABL gene rearrangements by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in BCR/ABL+ leukemias: incidence and underlying genetic abnormalities.
76  early syphilis
(12 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
MSM (5 times)
aRR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Epidemic early syphilis--Montgomery County, Alabama, 1990-1991.
77  Ecological Status
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
WFD (5 times)
EQR (2 times)
IQI (2 times)
2007 An approach to the intercalibration of benthic ecological status assessment in the North Atlantic ecoregion, according to the European Water Framework Directive.
78  Effect Sizes
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SRM (4 times)
GSC (2 times)
BBS (1 time)
2004 A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings.
79  electroshock
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PTZ (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1964 [EFFECTS OF ELECTROSHOCK (ES) ON THE OVARIES OF RABBITS SUBJECTED TO STIMULATION BY CHORIONIC GONADOTROPINS].
80  Elite suppressors
(12 times)
Virology
(6 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
HAART (3 times)
ARVs (1 time)
2006 Maintenance of viral suppression in HIV-1-infected HLA-B*57+ elite suppressors despite CTL escape mutations.
81  embryo survival
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
OR (8 times)
IE (7 times)
FS (6 times)
2003 Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomized rabbits.
82  emulsifying salts
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TSC (4 times)
TSPP (4 times)
DSP (3 times)
2005 Effects of emulsifying salts on the turbidity and calcium-phosphate-protein interactions in casein micelles.
83  esterase
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
Tf (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1978 The null allele in the horse esterase (Es) system detected by enzyme assay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis in heterozygous animals.
84  early surgery
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
85  Early-life stress
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (2 times)
AHN (2 times)
WT (2 times)
2008 A novel mouse model for acute and long-lasting consequences of early life stress.
86  elastic stockings
(11 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
IPC (8 times)
VTE (4 times)
DVT (3 times)
2003 [Prophylactic strategies for perioperative pulmonary embolism].
87  equine sarcoids
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
BPV (2 times)
miRNA (2 times)
CDES (1 time)
1992 Natural killer cells in normal horses and specific-pathogen-free foals infected with equine herpesvirus.
88  elastography score
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
SR (4 times)
ROC (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2010 Elastography for the characterization of breast lesions: initial clinical experience.
89  electrospray ionization
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
MS (4 times)
CAD (1 time)
CID (1 time)
1992 Electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry for the detection of discrete peptide/metal-ion complexes involving multiple cysteine (sulfur) ligands.
90  elongated spermatids
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
RS (4 times)
ICSI (2 times)
MAA (2 times)
1988 The effects of gossypol on nuclear protein in rat testes. I. Reduction in the content of basic proteins in the spermiogenic cells.
91  endoscopic stenting
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
GOO (6 times)
GJ (3 times)
LGJ (3 times)
2004 Matched study of three methods for palliation of malignant pyloroduodenal obstruction.
92  English-speaking
(10 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
NES (3 times)
SS (3 times)
LEP (2 times)
1985 A pilot study of language facilitation for bilingual, language-handicapped children: theoretical and intervention implications.
93  erector spinae muscles
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
EO (3 times)
RA (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
1994 Erector spinae lever arm length variations with changes in spinal curvature.
94  escapable shock
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
IS (8 times)
CPP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1986 Interaction of Pavlovian conditioning with a zero operant contingency: chronic exposure to signaled inescapable shock maintains learned helplessness effects.
95  ethanol solution
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(6 times)
MOR (2 times)
NX (2 times)
Ro15-1788 (2 times)
1986 Opioids and intake of alcoholic beverages.
96  excretory-secretory antigens
(10 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
CSF (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1987 Shared carbohydrate epitopes on distinct surface and secreted antigens of the parasitic nematode Toxocara canis.
97  17beta-estradiol
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DHEA (2 times)
PRG (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1999 Modulation of the intracellular calcium level in mammalian cells caused by 17beta-estradiol, different phytoestrogens and the anti-estrogen ICI 182780.
98  Ecabet sodium
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
ESD (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2001 Effect of ecabet sodium enema on mildly to moderately active ulcerative proctosigmoiditis: an open-label study.
99  ecological stoichiometry
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MTE (4 times)
2009 Herbivore metabolism and stoichiometry each constrain herbivory at different organizational scales across ecosystems.
100  economic status
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IGF (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2007 The effect of economic status on height, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding protein-3 concentrations in healthy Turkish children.