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Abbreviation: ES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem
(5674 times)
Cell Biology
(1413 times)
IPs (378 times)
EBs (269 times)
LIF (202 times)
1987 The mouse Hox2.3 homeobox-containing gene: regulation in differentiating pluripotent stem cells and expression pattern in embryos.
effect size
(1957 times)
Sports Medicine
(381 times)
CI (187 times)
SRM (155 times)
CMJ (53 times)
1980 Measuring effect magnitude in repeated measures ANOVA designs: implications for gerontological research.
electrical stimulation
(1105 times)
Neurology
(208 times)
SCI (37 times)
MVC (31 times)
NE (26 times)
1975 Effect of cold exposure of the rabbit on the subsequent performance of its isolated ear artery with respect to temperature.
Ewing sarcoma
(728 times)
Neoplasms
(345 times)
OS (78 times)
PNET (73 times)
NB (22 times)
1980 Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.
excretory-secretory
(621 times)
Parasitology
(313 times)
ELISA (55 times)
ML (18 times)
dpi (14 times)
1979 Studies on chronic versus transient intestinal nematode infections in mice. I. A. comparison of responses to excretory/secretory (ES) products of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Nematospiroides dubius worms.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(376 times)
Gastroenterology
(200 times)
ERCP (126 times)
CBD (79 times)
LC (50 times)
1981 Endoscopic sphincterotomy: indications and results.
erector spinae
(246 times)
Physiology
(74 times)
EMG (78 times)
RA (75 times)
EO (43 times)
1985 Geometry of adult rectus abdominis and erector spinae muscles*.
end-systolic
(211 times)
Cardiology
(69 times)
ED (178 times)
LV (110 times)
EF (40 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
ecosystem services
(190 times)
Environmental Health
(136 times)
GIS (4 times)
LULC (4 times)
WY (4 times)
2007 Effect of underground urban structures on eutrophic coastal environment.
10  endolymphatic sac
(190 times)
Otolaryngology
(136 times)
MD (13 times)
KLH (10 times)
VA (9 times)
1978 Hypoplasia of the vestibular aqueduct and endolymphatic sac in endolymphatic hydrops.
11  electrospray
(175 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(79 times)
MS (22 times)
MS/MS (11 times)
LC (9 times)
1991 Cuttlefish sperm protamines. 2. Mass spectrometry of protamines and related peptides.
12  epileptic seizures
(129 times)
Neurology
(108 times)
PNES (83 times)
NES (17 times)
VEEG (14 times)
1979 [Effect of diazepam on the Na, K-ATPase state in a penicillin--induced hyperactivity focus in the cerebral cortex].
13  electrical storm
(122 times)
Cardiology
(75 times)
ICD (33 times)
VT (31 times)
VF (22 times)
1979 [Genesis of amnesia caused by electroconvulsive shock].
14  Eisenmenger syndrome
(113 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
PAH (25 times)
CHD (15 times)
ASD (8 times)
1979 Eisenmenger's syndrome and pregnancy.
15  endostatin
(106 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
VEGF (28 times)
MVD (9 times)
RCC (9 times)
2000 Anticancer treatment of endostatin gene therapy by targeting tumor neovasculature in C57/BL mice.
16  Epithelioid sarcoma
(105 times)
Pathology
(47 times)
EMA (11 times)
IHC (8 times)
CK (7 times)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
17  embryonic stem cells
(102 times)
Cell Biology
(25 times)
iPS (14 times)
EB (6 times)
HSC (4 times)
1989 An assessment of the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells in the midgestation mouse embryo.
18  estrone sulfate
(89 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
PAH (9 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
OAT3 (5 times)
1983 Estrogen sulfatase and estrogen sulfotransferase in human primary mammary carcinoma.
19  exome sequencing
(86 times)
Genetics, Medical
(55 times)
GS (7 times)
CMA (5 times)
WGS (4 times)
2011 Genomics really gets personal: how exome and whole genome sequencing challenge the ethical framework of human genetics research.
20  ectoplasmic specialization
(83 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
BTB (32 times)
TJ (14 times)
AJ (13 times)
1987 A comparative study of Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specializations in selected non-mammalian vertebrates.
21  enzyme-substrate
(59 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
EP (6 times)
QM/MM (6 times)
2,3-QD (2 times)
1979 Determination of enzyme mechanisms by radiationless energy transfer kinetics.
22  Evans syndrome
(55 times)
Hematology
(18 times)
AIHA (20 times)
ITP (15 times)
SLE (6 times)
1993 Parvovirus B19-associated haemophagocytosis in Evans syndrome: aplastic crisis accompanied by severe thrombocytopenia.
23  excretory-secretory products
(55 times)
Parasitology
(34 times)
PC (5 times)
AW (2 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1977 Chemical attraction between adults of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: description of the phenomenon and effects of host immunity.
24  epileptic spasms
(50 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
EEG (10 times)
WS (6 times)
FS (3 times)
1998 Evidence of late-onset infantile spasms.
25  extensive stage
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
SCLC (31 times)
LS (23 times)
OS (11 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
26  expert system
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
DSS (3 times)
AI (2 times)
ANN (2 times)
1986 [Testing an expert system for hypertension].
27  expression site
(37 times)
Molecular Biology
(20 times)
VSG (30 times)
ESAG (5 times)
ESAGs (3 times)
1990 The promoter for a variant surface glycoprotein gene expression site in Trypanosoma brucei.
28  engraftment syndrome
(36 times)
Transplantation
(23 times)
HSCT (8 times)
GVHD (7 times)
HCT (4 times)
1996 Clinical evidence for an engraftment syndrome associated with early and steep neutrophil recovery after autologous blood stem cell transplantation.
29  emulsion stability
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
EA (13 times)
EC (7 times)
WHC (6 times)
1986 Stability at comminution chopping temperatures of model chicken breast muscle emulsions.
30  electrospun
(32 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
PCL (4 times)
FRET (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
2008 Influence of electrospun collagen on wound contraction of engineered skin substitutes.
31  emergency services
(32 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
COPD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1978 Hand injuries: incidence and epidemiology in an emergency service.
32  endoscopic sclerotherapy
(29 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
TIPS (5 times)
DSRS (4 times)
EVL (4 times)
1986 The selective role of endoscopic sclerotherapy in the management of bleeding esophageal varices.
33  exanthem subitum
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
HHV-6 (18 times)
HHV-7 (6 times)
PCR (5 times)
1992 Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the central nervous system.
34  Eagle syndrome
(28 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
SP (5 times)
CT (4 times)
TS (2 times)
2006 Heterogeneity in the clinical presentation of Eagle's syndrome.
35  embolic signals
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
TCD (10 times)
TIA (4 times)
ACS (3 times)
1996 Multigated Doppler ultrasound in the detection of emboli in a flow model and embolic signals in patients.
36  extent score
(28 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(11 times)
SS (17 times)
LVEF (9 times)
AMI (5 times)
1989 Body surface potential mapping in anterior myocardial infarction--a longitudinal study in acute, convalescent and chronic phases.
37  emotional stress
(27 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PS (7 times)
CRF (2 times)
CRH (2 times)
1985 [Hormonal regulation of the hemostasis system in patients with ischemic heart disease during emotional stress].
38  equilibrium score
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SOT (12 times)
COP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1993 Sensory organization of balance responses in children 3-6 years of age: a normative study with diagnostic implications.
39  excessive sleepiness
(26 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OSA (10 times)
ESS (5 times)
MWT (4 times)
2005 Modafinil: new indications for wake promotion.
40  elasticity score
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
SR (11 times)
RTE (8 times)
US (6 times)
2009 Elastosonographic evaluation of thyroid nodules in acromegaly.
41  emergency surgery
(25 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
SEMS (6 times)
OS (4 times)
SBTS (4 times)
2003 [HCV, HBV and HIV infections: risk for surgeon and staff. Results and consequences of routine screening in emergency patients].
42  empty sella
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
MRI (5 times)
GH (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1984 The "empty sella" in childhood.
43  endotoxic shock
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
MAP (9 times)
LPS (7 times)
HS (3 times)
1978 Plasma kallikrein activity and prekallikrein levels during endotoxin shock in dogs.
44  evolution strategy
(24 times)
Biology
(9 times)
EA (2 times)
EP (2 times)
PSO (2 times)
1994 Solving the quadratic assignment problem with clues from nature.
45  endosonography
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CT (5 times)
ARA (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
1986 Endosonographic diagnosis of benign pancreatic and biliary lesions.
46  endosulfan
(22 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
AM (2 times)
BaP (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1988 The effect of two sulphur-containing pesticides, fenitrothion and endosulfan, on glutathione (GSH) content and on GSH S-transferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities in midgut gland of the American red crayfish Procambarus clarkii.
47  electrostatic
(21 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
vdW (4 times)
CT (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
2003 Density functional theory of charged, hard-sphere fluids.
48  environmental services
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MAP (3 times)
ACH (1 time)
ALE (1 time)
1994 Case study in collaboration: FM (facility management) + ES (environmental services) = AST (area service technician) position.
49  eggshell
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ESM (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
2008 Utilization of ground eggshell waste as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution.
50  endometrial stromal
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
dPRL (5 times)
PKA (4 times)
CRE (3 times)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
51  early stage
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
LS (7 times)
AS (4 times)
DLBCL (3 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
52  electrosurgery
(19 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
US (4 times)
EBVS (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2001 UltraCision or high-frequency knife in transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM)? Advantages of a new procedure.
53  environmental surveillance
(19 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
AFP (10 times)
PV (3 times)
AFPS (2 times)
2006 Surveillance for polioviruses.
54  excited state
(19 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
GS (14 times)
QD (5 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2008 Charge-transfer-to-solvent-driven dissolution dynamics of I- (H2O)2-5 upon excitation: excited-state ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
55  extrasystole
(19 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PES (2 times)
PESP (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1982 Analysis of mechanical alternans in rabbit papillary muscle.
56  estradiol
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
PG (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1984 Behavioural responsiveness to muscimol and apomorphine 2 months after prolonged treatment with estradiol in rats.
57  excess sludge
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
SCOD (5 times)
EPS (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
2001 Kinetic analysis of disruption of excess activated sludge by Dyno Mill and characteristics of protein release for recovery of useful materials.
58  excretory and secretory
(18 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
p.i (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
1980 Intradermal reactivity of excretory and secretory products of onchocercal microfilariae.
59  Espirito Santo
(17 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
RJ (3 times)
MG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Aedes albopictus may not be vector of dengue virus in human epidemics in Brazil.
60  Eccrine spiradenoma
(16 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
MES (4 times)
GVES (1 time)
IMLN (1 time)
1990 Eccrine spiradenoma occurring in infancy mimicking mesenchymal tumor.
61  emeraldine salt
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PANI (7 times)
EB (6 times)
CD (2 times)
2001 Study of vibrational spectra of polyaniline doped with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid.
62  epilepsy surgery
(16 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AEDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
1999 Cost-benefit of epilepsy surgery.
63  exfoliation syndrome
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
CI (4 times)
EG (4 times)
POAG (4 times)
1985 Anterior chamber angle in the exfoliation syndrome.
64  exteroceptive suppression
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EMG (2 times)
PT (2 times)
S-R (2 times)
1992 Exteroceptive suppression of temporalis muscle activity in various types of headache.
65  enzyme-substrate complex
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
cat (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1976 Kinetics of the action of papain on fluorescent peptide substrates.
66  EuroSCORE
(15 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CABG (5 times)
MECC (4 times)
IABP (2 times)
2004 [Mortality risk estimation in cardiac surgery].
67  E-selectin
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
ICAM-1 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Donor platelet and leukocyte load identify renal allografts at an increased risk of acute rejection.
68  early seizures
(14 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CI (4 times)
ICH (4 times)
HR (3 times)
2001 Prevalence and predictors of early seizure and status epilepticus after first stroke.
69  early surgery
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
70  end-to-side
(14 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
EE (9 times)
SS (4 times)
AIOD (1 time)
1983 Intestinal bypass. A randomized, prospective clinical study of end-to-side and end-to-end jejunoileal bypass.
71  escapable shock
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
IS (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
CPP (3 times)
1986 Interaction of Pavlovian conditioning with a zero operant contingency: chronic exposure to signaled inescapable shock maintains learned helplessness effects.
72  evolutionarily stable
(14 times)
Biology
(11 times)
ESSs (1 time)
GFG (1 time)
RPS (1 time)
1992 Evolutionarily stable sets in symmetric extensive two-person games.
73  early-life stress
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
AHN (2 times)
PFC (2 times)
2008 A novel mouse model for acute and long-lasting consequences of early life stress.
74  Ecological Status
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
WFD (5 times)
EQR (2 times)
IQI (2 times)
2007 An approach to the intercalibration of benthic ecological status assessment in the North Atlantic ecoregion, according to the European Water Framework Directive.
75  Edwards SAPIEN
(13 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
TAVR (5 times)
CV (4 times)
MCV (4 times)
2010 Thirty-day outcome and vascular complications after transarterial aortic valve implantation using both Edwards Sapien and Medtronic CoreValve bioprostheses in a mixed population.
76  Effect Sizes
(13 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
SRM (4 times)
GSC (2 times)
MID (2 times)
2004 A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings.
77  erythromycin stearate
(13 times)
Drug Therapy
(11 times)
EA (6 times)
EPAC (2 times)
2'-AE (1 time)
1983 Effect of erythromycin stearate on serum theophylline concentration in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
78  Experience Seeking
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BS (7 times)
Dis (7 times)
TAS (7 times)
1987 Personality traits and platelet MAO activity in alcohol and drug abusing teenage boys.
79  extra signal
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CML (7 times)
FISH (6 times)
ALL (4 times)
2003 Patterns of BCR/ABL gene rearrangements by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in BCR/ABL+ leukemias: incidence and underlying genetic abnormalities.
80  early syphilis
(12 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
MSM (5 times)
aRR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Epidemic early syphilis--Montgomery County, Alabama, 1990-1991.
81  elastic stockings
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
IPC (8 times)
VTE (4 times)
DVT (3 times)
2003 [Prophylactic strategies for perioperative pulmonary embolism].
82  elastography score
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
SR (5 times)
ROC (3 times)
SE (3 times)
2010 Elastography for the characterization of breast lesions: initial clinical experience.
83  electroshock
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PTZ (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1964 [EFFECTS OF ELECTROSHOCK (ES) ON THE OVARIES OF RABBITS SUBJECTED TO STIMULATION BY CHORIONIC GONADOTROPINS].
84  Elite controllers or suppressors
(12 times)
Virology
(8 times)
CPs (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
CP (1 time)
2009 Effective downregulation of HLA-A*2 and HLA-B*57 by primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates cultured from elite suppressors.
85  Elite suppressors
(12 times)
Virology
(6 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
HAART (3 times)
ARVs (1 time)
2006 Maintenance of viral suppression in HIV-1-infected HLA-B*57+ elite suppressors despite CTL escape mutations.
86  embryo survival
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
OR (8 times)
IE (7 times)
FS (6 times)
2003 Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomized rabbits.
87  emulsifying salts
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TSC (4 times)
TSPP (4 times)
DSP (3 times)
2005 Effects of emulsifying salts on the turbidity and calcium-phosphate-protein interactions in casein micelles.
88  equine sarcoids
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
miRNA (3 times)
BPV (2 times)
CDES (1 time)
1992 Natural killer cells in normal horses and specific-pathogen-free foals infected with equine herpesvirus.
89  eroded surface
(12 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
BFR (2 times)
BS (2 times)
1994 Surgically induced uremia in rats. II: Osseous PTH-susceptible signaling systems as predictors of bone resorption.
90  esterase
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
Tf (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1978 The null allele in the horse esterase (Es) system detected by enzyme assay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis in heterozygous animals.
91  Endocrine Society
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
OR (2 times)
WPATH (2 times)
AACE (1 time)
2012 Primary aldosteronism: who should be screened?
92  English-speaking
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NES (4 times)
SS (3 times)
LEP (2 times)
1985 A pilot study of language facilitation for bilingual, language-handicapped children: theoretical and intervention implications.
93  expressive suppression
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CR (6 times)
ER (2 times)
GMV (2 times)
2012 Stop laughing! Humor perception with and without expressive suppression.
94  electrospray ionization
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
MS (4 times)
CAD (1 time)
CID (1 time)
1992 Electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry for the detection of discrete peptide/metal-ion complexes involving multiple cysteine (sulfur) ligands.
95  elongating spermatids
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
RS (4 times)
ICSI (2 times)
MAA (2 times)
1988 The effects of gossypol on nuclear protein in rat testes. I. Reduction in the content of basic proteins in the spermiogenic cells.
96  endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
ERCP (4 times)
CI (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1999 Same-day discharge after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy: observations from a prospective multicenter complication study. The Multicenter Endoscopic Sphincterotomy (MESH) Study Group.
97  endoscopic stenting
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
GOO (6 times)
GJ (3 times)
LGJ (3 times)
2004 Matched study of three methods for palliation of malignant pyloroduodenal obstruction.
98  erector spinae muscles
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
EO (3 times)
RA (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
1994 Erector spinae lever arm length variations with changes in spinal curvature.
99  esophageal stricture
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
EBD (2 times)
GOO (2 times)
TEF (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of systemic oxidative status and mononuclear leukocytes DNA damage in children with caustic esophageal stricture.
100  ethanol solution
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(6 times)
MOR (2 times)
NX (2 times)
Ro15-1788 (2 times)
1986 Opioids and intake of alcoholic beverages.