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Abbreviation: ES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem
(5714 times)
Cell Biology
(1418 times)
IPs (386 times)
EBs (269 times)
LIF (204 times)
1987 The mouse Hox2.3 homeobox-containing gene: regulation in differentiating pluripotent stem cells and expression pattern in embryos.
effect size
(2240 times)
Sports Medicine
(435 times)
CI (212 times)
SRM (174 times)
CMJ (65 times)
1980 Measuring effect magnitude in repeated measures ANOVA designs: implications for gerontological research.
electrical stimulation
(1182 times)
Neurology
(219 times)
SCI (45 times)
MVC (30 times)
BDNF (27 times)
1975 Effect of cold exposure of the rabbit on the subsequent performance of its isolated ear artery with respect to temperature.
Ewing sarcoma
(780 times)
Neoplasms
(364 times)
OS (85 times)
PNET (73 times)
EFS (25 times)
1980 Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.
excretory-secretory
(643 times)
Parasitology
(321 times)
ELISA (55 times)
ML (22 times)
dpi (15 times)
1979 Studies on chronic versus transient intestinal nematode infections in mice. I. A. comparison of responses to excretory/secretory (ES) products of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Nematospiroides dubius worms.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(385 times)
Gastroenterology
(206 times)
ERCP (129 times)
CBD (81 times)
LC (51 times)
1981 Endoscopic sphincterotomy: indications and results.
erector spinae
(265 times)
Physiology
(75 times)
EMG (83 times)
RA (80 times)
EO (47 times)
1985 Geometry of adult rectus abdominis and erector spinae muscles*.
ecosystem services
(217 times)
Environmental Health
(159 times)
LULC (7 times)
GIS (5 times)
WY (5 times)
2007 Effect of underground urban structures on eutrophic coastal environment.
end-systolic
(217 times)
Cardiology
(70 times)
ED (183 times)
LV (115 times)
EF (40 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
10  endolymphatic sac
(191 times)
Otolaryngology
(136 times)
MD (12 times)
KLH (10 times)
EH (9 times)
1978 Hypoplasia of the vestibular aqueduct and endolymphatic sac in endolymphatic hydrops.
11  epileptic seizures
(144 times)
Neurology
(120 times)
PNES (94 times)
NES (17 times)
VEEG (17 times)
1979 [Effect of diazepam on the Na, K-ATPase state in a penicillin--induced hyperactivity focus in the cerebral cortex].
12  exome sequencing
(143 times)
Genetics, Medical
(90 times)
CMA (10 times)
GS (10 times)
CNVs (5 times)
2011 Genomics really gets personal: how exome and whole genome sequencing challenge the ethical framework of human genetics research.
13  electrical storm
(135 times)
Cardiology
(78 times)
ICD (39 times)
VT (35 times)
VF (23 times)
1979 [Genesis of amnesia caused by electroconvulsive shock].
14  electrospray
(126 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(73 times)
MS (22 times)
MS/MS (11 times)
LC (8 times)
1991 Cuttlefish sperm protamines. 2. Mass spectrometry of protamines and related peptides.
15  Eisenmenger syndrome
(119 times)
Cardiology
(61 times)
PAH (26 times)
CHD (19 times)
PH (9 times)
1979 Eisenmenger's syndrome and pregnancy.
16  Epithelioid sarcoma
(114 times)
Pathology
(50 times)
EMA (12 times)
CK (8 times)
IHC (8 times)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
17  endostatin
(108 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
VEGF (29 times)
MVD (10 times)
RCC (9 times)
2000 Anticancer treatment of endostatin gene therapy by targeting tumor neovasculature in C57/BL mice.
18  embryonic stem cells
(104 times)
Cell Biology
(25 times)
iPS (14 times)
EB (6 times)
MSCs (5 times)
1989 An assessment of the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells in the midgestation mouse embryo.
19  estrone sulfate
(90 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
PAH (10 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
OAT3 (5 times)
1983 Estrogen sulfatase and estrogen sulfotransferase in human primary mammary carcinoma.
20  ectoplasmic specialization
(86 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(22 times)
BTB (32 times)
TJ (14 times)
AJ (13 times)
1987 A comparative study of Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specializations in selected non-mammalian vertebrates.
21  Evans syndrome
(63 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
AIHA (23 times)
ITP (20 times)
SLE (6 times)
1993 Parvovirus B19-associated haemophagocytosis in Evans syndrome: aplastic crisis accompanied by severe thrombocytopenia.
22  enzyme-substrate
(62 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
QM/MM (8 times)
EP (6 times)
MD (3 times)
1979 Determination of enzyme mechanisms by radiationless energy transfer kinetics.
23  epileptic spasms
(59 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
EEG (14 times)
WS (6 times)
TS (4 times)
1998 Evidence of late-onset infantile spasms.
24  excretory-secretory products
(56 times)
Parasitology
(35 times)
PC (5 times)
AW (2 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1977 Chemical attraction between adults of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: description of the phenomenon and effects of host immunity.
25  extensive-stage
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
SCLC (44 times)
LS (29 times)
OS (15 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
26  electrospinning
(54 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
PCL (7 times)
SEM (6 times)
DSC (4 times)
2006 Static secondary ion mass spectrometry for nanoscale analysis: surface characterisation of electrospun nanofibres.
27  expert system
(43 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
DSS (3 times)
GIS (3 times)
AI (2 times)
1986 [Testing an expert system for hypertension].
28  engraftment syndrome
(40 times)
Transplantation
(25 times)
HSCT (9 times)
GVHD (7 times)
ASCT (4 times)
1996 Clinical evidence for an engraftment syndrome associated with early and steep neutrophil recovery after autologous blood stem cell transplantation.
29  emergency surgery
(38 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
SEMS (12 times)
SBTS (7 times)
BTS (5 times)
2003 [HCV, HBV and HIV infections: risk for surgeon and staff. Results and consequences of routine screening in emergency patients].
30  expression site
(37 times)
Molecular Biology
(20 times)
VSG (30 times)
ESAG (5 times)
ESAGs (3 times)
1990 The promoter for a variant surface glycoprotein gene expression site in Trypanosoma brucei.
31  emulsion stability
(36 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
EA (13 times)
EC (7 times)
WHC (6 times)
1986 Stability at comminution chopping temperatures of model chicken breast muscle emulsions.
32  electrospun
(35 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
PCL (6 times)
FRET (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
2008 Influence of electrospun collagen on wound contraction of engineered skin substitutes.
33  emergency services
(34 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
COPD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1978 Hand injuries: incidence and epidemiology in an emergency service.
34  emotional stress
(32 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
CA (2 times)
CRF (2 times)
1985 [Hormonal regulation of the hemostasis system in patients with ischemic heart disease during emotional stress].
35  endoscopic sclerotherapy
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
TIPS (6 times)
EVL (5 times)
DSRS (4 times)
1986 The selective role of endoscopic sclerotherapy in the management of bleeding esophageal varices.
36  Eagle syndrome
(29 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SP (5 times)
CT (4 times)
TS (2 times)
2006 Heterogeneity in the clinical presentation of Eagle's syndrome.
37  elasticity score
(29 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
SR (13 times)
RTE (9 times)
US (7 times)
2009 Elastosonographic evaluation of thyroid nodules in acromegaly.
38  exanthem subitum
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
HHV-6 (18 times)
HHV-7 (6 times)
PCR (5 times)
1992 Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the central nervous system.
39  embolic signals
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
TCD (10 times)
TIA (4 times)
ACS (3 times)
1996 Multigated Doppler ultrasound in the detection of emboli in a flow model and embolic signals in patients.
40  extent score
(28 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(11 times)
SS (17 times)
LVEF (9 times)
AMI (5 times)
1989 Body surface potential mapping in anterior myocardial infarction--a longitudinal study in acute, convalescent and chronic phases.
41  evolution strategy
(27 times)
Biology
(9 times)
CMA-ES (2 times)
EA (2 times)
EP (2 times)
1994 Solving the quadratic assignment problem with clues from nature.
42  excessive sleepiness
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
OSA (11 times)
ESS (5 times)
MWT (4 times)
2005 Modafinil: new indications for wake promotion.
43  environmental services
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
MAP (3 times)
ACH (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1994 Case study in collaboration: FM (facility management) + ES (environmental services) = AST (area service technician) position.
44  equilibrium score
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SOT (12 times)
COP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1993 Sensory organization of balance responses in children 3-6 years of age: a normative study with diagnostic implications.
45  endotoxic shock
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
MAP (9 times)
LPS (7 times)
HS (3 times)
1978 Plasma kallikrein activity and prekallikrein levels during endotoxin shock in dogs.
46  eggshell
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
ESM (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
2008 Utilization of ground eggshell waste as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution.
47  empty sella
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
MRI (5 times)
GH (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1984 The "empty sella" in childhood.
48  electrostatic
(22 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
vdW (4 times)
CT (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2003 Density functional theory of charged, hard-sphere fluids.
49  endosonography
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CT (5 times)
ARA (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
1986 Endosonographic diagnosis of benign pancreatic and biliary lesions.
50  early stage
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
LS (8 times)
AS (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
51  endometrial stromal
(21 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
dPRL (5 times)
EE (4 times)
PKA (4 times)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
52  Endosulfan
(21 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
AM (2 times)
BaP (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1988 The effect of two sulphur-containing pesticides, fenitrothion and endosulfan, on glutathione (GSH) content and on GSH S-transferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities in midgut gland of the American red crayfish Procambarus clarkii.
53  environmental surveillance
(21 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
AFP (10 times)
PV (3 times)
AFPS (2 times)
2006 Surveillance for polioviruses.
54  excited state
(21 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
GS (15 times)
QD (5 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2008 Charge-transfer-to-solvent-driven dissolution dynamics of I- (H2O)2-5 upon excitation: excited-state ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
55  electrosurgery
(20 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
US (4 times)
EBVS (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2001 UltraCision or high-frequency knife in transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM)? Advantages of a new procedure.
56  excess sludge
(20 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
SCOD (5 times)
EPS (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
2001 Kinetic analysis of disruption of excess activated sludge by Dyno Mill and characteristics of protein release for recovery of useful materials.
57  excretory and secretory
(20 times)
Parasitology
(11 times)
p.i (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1980 Intradermal reactivity of excretory and secretory products of onchocercal microfilariae.
58  extrasystole
(19 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PES (2 times)
PESP (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1982 Analysis of mechanical alternans in rabbit papillary muscle.
59  Espirito Santo
(18 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
RJ (3 times)
MG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Aedes albopictus may not be vector of dengue virus in human epidemics in Brazil.
60  estradiol
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
PG (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1984 Behavioural responsiveness to muscimol and apomorphine 2 months after prolonged treatment with estradiol in rats.
61  emeraldine salt
(17 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PANI (8 times)
EB (6 times)
CD (2 times)
2001 Study of vibrational spectra of polyaniline doped with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid.
62  exfoliation syndrome
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
CI (4 times)
EG (4 times)
POAG (4 times)
1985 Anterior chamber angle in the exfoliation syndrome.
63  early seizures
(16 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CI (5 times)
ICH (5 times)
HR (3 times)
2001 Prevalence and predictors of early seizure and status epilepticus after first stroke.
64  Eccrine spiradenoma
(16 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
MES (4 times)
GVES (1 time)
IMLN (1 time)
1990 Eccrine spiradenoma occurring in infancy mimicking mesenchymal tumor.
65  epilepsy surgery
(16 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
AEDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
1999 Cost-benefit of epilepsy surgery.
66  EuroSCORE
(16 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
CABG (5 times)
MECC (4 times)
aES (2 times)
2004 [Mortality risk estimation in cardiac surgery].
67  exteroceptive suppression
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EMG (2 times)
PT (2 times)
S-R (2 times)
1992 Exteroceptive suppression of temporalis muscle activity in various types of headache.
68  early surgery
(15 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LS (3 times)
DS (2 times)
PBD (2 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
69  Early-life stress
(15 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (3 times)
WT (3 times)
AHN (2 times)
2008 A novel mouse model for acute and long-lasting consequences of early life stress.
70  end-to-side
(15 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
EE (10 times)
SS (4 times)
AIOD (1 time)
1983 Intestinal bypass. A randomized, prospective clinical study of end-to-side and end-to-end jejunoileal bypass.
71  enzyme-substrate complex
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
cat (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1976 Kinetics of the action of papain on fluorescent peptide substrates.
72  expressive suppression
(15 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
CR (8 times)
ER (3 times)
CBT (2 times)
2012 Stop laughing! Humor perception with and without expressive suppression.
73  E-selectin
(14 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
ICAM-1 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Donor platelet and leukocyte load identify renal allografts at an increased risk of acute rejection.
74  early syphilis
(14 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
MSM (5 times)
aRR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Epidemic early syphilis--Montgomery County, Alabama, 1990-1991.
75  Ecological Status
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
WFD (5 times)
EQR (2 times)
IQI (2 times)
2007 An approach to the intercalibration of benthic ecological status assessment in the North Atlantic ecoregion, according to the European Water Framework Directive.
76  Elite controllers or suppressors
(14 times)
Virology
(8 times)
CP (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
2009 Effective downregulation of HLA-A*2 and HLA-B*57 by primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates cultured from elite suppressors.
77  escapable shock
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
IS (11 times)
mPFC (4 times)
CPP (3 times)
1986 Interaction of Pavlovian conditioning with a zero operant contingency: chronic exposure to signaled inescapable shock maintains learned helplessness effects.
78  evolutionarily stable
(14 times)
Biology
(11 times)
ESSs (1 time)
GFG (1 time)
RPS (1 time)
1992 Evolutionarily stable sets in symmetric extensive two-person games.
79  Edwards SAPIEN
(13 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
TAVR (5 times)
CV (4 times)
MCV (4 times)
2010 Thirty-day outcome and vascular complications after transarterial aortic valve implantation using both Edwards Sapien and Medtronic CoreValve bioprostheses in a mixed population.
80  endoscopic surgery
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
EVD (2 times)
mRS (2 times)
RR (2 times)
2015 Surgical approaches for neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
81  erythromycin stearate
(13 times)
Drug Therapy
(11 times)
EA (6 times)
EPAC (2 times)
2'-AE (1 time)
1983 Effect of erythromycin stearate on serum theophylline concentration in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
82  Experience Seeking
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BS (7 times)
Dis (7 times)
TAS (7 times)
1987 Personality traits and platelet MAO activity in alcohol and drug abusing teenage boys.
83  extra signal
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CML (7 times)
FISH (6 times)
ALL (4 times)
2003 Patterns of BCR/ABL gene rearrangements by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in BCR/ABL+ leukemias: incidence and underlying genetic abnormalities.
84  Effect Sizes
(12 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
SRM (3 times)
GSC (2 times)
MID (2 times)
2004 A visitor's guide to effect sizes: statistical significance versus practical (clinical) importance of research findings.
85  elastic stockings
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
IPC (8 times)
VTE (4 times)
DVT (3 times)
2003 [Prophylactic strategies for perioperative pulmonary embolism].
86  elastography score
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
SR (5 times)
ROC (3 times)
SE (3 times)
2010 Elastography for the characterization of breast lesions: initial clinical experience.
87  electroshock
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PTZ (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1964 [EFFECTS OF ELECTROSHOCK (ES) ON THE OVARIES OF RABBITS SUBJECTED TO STIMULATION BY CHORIONIC GONADOTROPINS].
88  Elite suppressors
(12 times)
Virology
(6 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
HAART (3 times)
ARVs (1 time)
2006 Maintenance of viral suppression in HIV-1-infected HLA-B*57+ elite suppressors despite CTL escape mutations.
89  embryo survival
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
OR (8 times)
IE (7 times)
FS (6 times)
2003 Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomized rabbits.
90  emulsifying salts
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TSC (4 times)
TSPP (4 times)
DSP (3 times)
2005 Effects of emulsifying salts on the turbidity and calcium-phosphate-protein interactions in casein micelles.
91  equine sarcoid
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
miRNA (3 times)
BPV (2 times)
CDES (1 time)
1992 Natural killer cells in normal horses and specific-pathogen-free foals infected with equine herpesvirus.
92  esophageal strictures
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
EBD (2 times)
GOO (2 times)
TEF (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of systemic oxidative status and mononuclear leukocytes DNA damage in children with caustic esophageal stricture.
93  esterase
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
Tf (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1978 The null allele in the horse esterase (Es) system detected by enzyme assay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis in heterozygous animals.
94  Effort Scale
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
EI (9 times)
RBANS (9 times)
TOMM (2 times)
2012 The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status effort scale.
95  Eleutherococcus senticosus
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
EE (2 times)
EP (2 times)
HP (2 times)
2000 The effect of siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) on substrate utilization and performance.
96  elongated spermatids
(11 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
RS (4 times)
ICSI (2 times)
MAA (2 times)
1988 The effects of gossypol on nuclear protein in rat testes. I. Reduction in the content of basic proteins in the spermiogenic cells.
97  endocannabinoid system
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FAAH (3 times)
CB (2 times)
CB1 (2 times)
2005 Central and peripheral interactions between endocannabinoids and steroids, and implications for drug dependence.
98  Endocrine Society
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
OR (2 times)
WPATH (2 times)
AACE (1 time)
2012 Primary aldosteronism: who should be screened?
99  English-speaking
(11 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
NES (4 times)
SS (3 times)
LEP (2 times)
1985 A pilot study of language facilitation for bilingual, language-handicapped children: theoretical and intervention implications.
100  eroded surface
(11 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
BFR (2 times)
BS (2 times)
1994 Surgically induced uremia in rats. II: Osseous PTH-susceptible signaling systems as predictors of bone resorption.