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Abbreviation: ESA
Appearance Frequency: 1419 time(s)
Long forms: 218

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
erythropoiesis-stimulating agent
(606 times)
Nephrology
(250 times)
CKD (149 times)
Hb (135 times)
HD (71 times)
1977 Pathophysiological changes in serum erythropoiesis stimulating activity.
European Space Agency
(94 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
ISS (9 times)
SMOS (5 times)
NASA (4 times)
1978 New magnetic electron spectrometer with directional sensitivity for a satellite application.
excited-state absorption
(82 times)
Chemistry
(50 times)
ICT (13 times)
LE (8 times)
TPA (7 times)
1991 Output saturation in a 980-nm pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier.
excretory-secretory antigen
(61 times)
Parasitology
(21 times)
ELISA (5 times)
NO (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
1982 The use of an excretory-secretory antigen for an ELISA specific sero-diagnosis of visceral larva migrans.
Endangered Species Act
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
FWS (3 times)
CRLF (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1996 Utility Participation in a Multispecies Plan
European Society of Anaesthesiology
(34 times)
Anesthesiology
(25 times)
ESC (9 times)
EBA (5 times)
ASA (3 times)
1999 [Fate of presentations given at German anesthesia congresses].
epithelial-specific antigen
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
CSCs (5 times)
CSC (3 times)
EMT (3 times)
1997 Distribution of epithelial-specific antigen in uterine cervix with endocervical glandular dysplasia.
eyestalk ablation
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(14 times)
MIH (7 times)
MF (6 times)
YO (6 times)
2004 Purification and characterization of a mandibular organ protein from the American lobster, Homarus americanus: a putative farnesoic acid O-methyltransferase.
ethanesulfonic acid
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
OA (4 times)
OXA (3 times)
CSP (2 times)
2000 Simultaneous quantification of acetanilide herbicides and their oxanilic and sulfonic acid metabolites in natural waters.
10  end-systolic area
(19 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
EDA (14 times)
FAC (8 times)
LV (6 times)
1982 [Evaluation of left ventricular morphology and function by cardiac computed tomographic examination].
11  electrostatic self-assembly
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
AFM (3 times)
PEI (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
2003 Constructing thromboresistant surface on biomedical stainless steel via layer-by-layer deposition anticoagulant.
12  endocardial surface area
(12 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AAR (5 times)
CMR (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1991 Immediate regional endocardial surface expansion following coronary occlusion in the canine left ventricle: disproportionate effects of anterior versus inferior ischemia.
13  each-step activation
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
OXPHOS (8 times)
PCr (3 times)
Pi (2 times)
2015 'Idealized' state 4 and state 3 in mitochondria vs. rest and work in skeletal muscle.
14  electrostimulation anaesthesia
(10 times)
Anesthesiology
(9 times)
NLA (3 times)
1979 [Clinical uses of electrostimulation anaesthesia (author's transl)].
15  end-to-side anastomosis
(9 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CoA (2 times)
SSA (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
1982 Patency of sequential versus single vein grafts in coronary bypass surgery.
16  equine serum albumin
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HSA (4 times)
BSA (1 time)
cPAs (1 time)
1992 Binding of estrogen-3-sulfates to stallion plasma and equine serum albumin.
17  Eastern and Southern Africa
(8 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CRPD (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
NSPs (1 time)
2003 The emergence of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Eastern and Southern Africa as a serious agricultural problem and public health risk.
18  Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse
(8 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
EHD (2 times)
SES (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2009 Association of average daily alcohol consumption, binge drinking and alcohol-related social problems: results from the German Epidemiological Surveys of Substance Abuse.
19  epidermal surface antigen
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Abs (1 time)
CAMs (1 time)
DRGs (1 time)
1988 Biochemical analysis of a human epithelial surface antigen: differential cell expression and processing.
20  early systolic acceleration
(7 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CDI (2 times)
POAG (2 times)
PSV (2 times)
1995 Normal renal artery spectral Doppler waveform: a closer look.
21  electrokinetic sonic amplitude
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DCC (2 times)
ENCC (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1999 Flocculation Studied with the ESA Technique.
22  Etude sur la Sante des Aines
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
RAMQ (3 times)
AD (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
2010 One-year incidence of psychiatric disorders in Quebec's older adult population.
23  European Strabismological Association
(7 times)
Health Services Research
(7 times)
AAPOS (7 times)
ISA (7 times)
ICTRP (4 times)
2003 Interventions for intermittent distance exotropia.
24  electrochemical surface area
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CNEs (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
2013 Reduction procedure effect on the electrochemical properties of conductive carbon black supported Pt-Pd electrocatalysts.
25  ethane sulfonate
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
OA (2 times)
C-L (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1996 Subchronic, developmental, and genetic toxicology studies with the ethane sulfonate metabolite of alachlor.
26  Ecological Society of America
(5 times)
Science
(3 times)
ICMJE (1 time)
1993 Predators, prey, and natural disasters attract ecologists.
27  electrostatic analyzer
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BE (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CID (1 time)
1995 How to measure the kinetic energy distribution of the precursor ion main beam in mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy spectrometry experiments.
28  alpha-eleostearic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NE (2 times)
PPARgamma (2 times)
CE (1 time)
2008 Tumor angiogenesis suppression by alpha-eleostearic acid, a linolenic acid isomer with a conjugated triene system, via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma.
29  effective specific activity
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
PET (2 times)
89Zr (1 time)
2007 Effective specific activities determined by scintillation proximity counting for production runs of [(18)F]FES and 4F-M[(18)F]FES.
30  electroactive surface area
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AOX (1 time)
CNC (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2013 Electrochemical behavior of flavin adenine dinucleotide adsorbed onto carbon nanotube and nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube electrodes.
31  emergency surgical airway
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CVCI (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAD (1 time)
2013 Surgical airways for trauma patients in an emergency surgical setting: 11 years' experience at a teaching hospital in Japan.
32  engineered stromal cell-derived factor 1-a analogue
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
GM-CSF (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2013 Mathematically engineered stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha stem cell cytokine analog enhances mechanical properties of infarcted myocardium.
33  enzymatic specific activity
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
EQCM (3 times)
MWCNTs (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2008 Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance studies on enzymatic specific activity and direct electrochemistry of immobilized glucose oxidase in the presence of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate and multiwalled carbon nanotubes.
34  esterase
(4 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
ALP (2 times)
LYZ (2 times)
MPO (2 times)
1983 The human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase polymorphism.
35  Eucheuma serra agglutinin
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 The cytotoxic effect of Eucheuma serra agglutinin (ESA) on cancer cells and its application to molecular probe for drug delivery system using lipid vesicles.
36  Explicit Semantic Analysis
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
C-VF (1 time)
CLCM (1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
2014 Econo-ESA in semantic text similarity.
37  early spontaneous abortion
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CD200R (1 time)
FET (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2010 Decidual vascular patterns in first-trimester abortions.
38  efferent sympathetic activity
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
GN (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1979 Baroreceptor function changed by breathing.
39  elastic shape analysis
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RNA (1 time)
SRNFs (1 time)
2013 RNA global alignment in the joint sequence-structure space using elastic shape analysis.
40  Electrothermal swing adsorption
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ACFC (3 times)
GRS (1 time)
2011 Control of electrothermal heating during regeneration of activated carbon fiber cloth.
41  eleostearic acid
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
BMDM (1 time)
cNLRX1 (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2013 Eleostearic acid induces RIP1-mediated atypical apoptosis in a kinase-independent manner via ERK phosphorylation, ROS generation and mitochondrial dysfunction.
42  Endocrine Society of Australia
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AACB (1 time)
AD (1 time)
ADEA (1 time)
2006 The association between obesity and the diagnosis of androgen deficiency in symptomatic ageing men.
43  ensemble spontaneous activity
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AAV.Ntf3 (1 time)
AGF (1 time)
CISA (1 time)
2004 Ensemble spontaneous activity in the guinea-pig cochlear nerve.
44  epidural surgical anesthesia
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
ELA (3 times)
CD (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2009 Conversion of epidural labour analgesia to epidural anesthesia for intrapartum Cesarean delivery.
45  EPO-stimulating agents
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
EPO (3 times)
CO (1 time)
G6PD (1 time)
2008 Red blood cell lifespan, erythropoiesis and hemoglobin control.
46  extrafamilial sexual abuse
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
--- 1996 Children's emotional and behavioral reactions following the disclosure of extrafamilial sexual abuse: initial effects.
47  early sleep activity
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
ESS (2 times)
NA (2 times)
FNU (1 time)
2015 Actigraph evaluation of acupuncture for treating restless legs syndrome.
48  Early Stone Age
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
MSA (1 time)
2008 Neural correlates of Early Stone Age toolmaking: technology, language and cognition in human evolution.
49  effective support area
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MR (2 times)
ICC (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2015 Three-dimensional analysis of implanted magnetic-resonance-visible meshes.
50  effective surface area
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
C2H6O (1 time)
MHD (1 time)
RMSD (1 time)
2013 Physical characterization and effect of effective surface area on the sensing properties of tin dioxide thin solid films in a propane atmosphere.
51  electrical spectrum analyzer
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DFB-LD (1 time)
DSP (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2011 Multipath interference test method using synthesized chirped signal from directly modulated DFB-LD with digital-signal-processing technique.
52  electrochemically active surface area
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CLs (1 time)
CV (1 time)
CX (1 time)
2011 PEMFC catalyst layers: the role of micropores and mesopores on water sorption and fuel cell activity.
53  electrochemically self-assembled
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
CEY (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
EY (1 time)
2010 Effect of anchoring groups on electrochemical self-assembly of ZnO/xanthene dye hybrid thin films.
54  elliptical sway area
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
BESS (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2006 Parkinsonian deficits in sensory integration for postural control: temporal response to changes in visual input.
55  embryo-Sinapis alba
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1967 [Embryo-Sinapis-alba (ESA)-test for determination of growth inhibiting effects of hypnotics in an in vitro blind test].
56  emotional self-awareness
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
LGCM (1 time)
2011 A mobile phone application for the assessment and management of youth mental health problems in primary care: a randomised controlled trial.
57  employment and support allowance
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
JSA (1 time)
RTW (1 time)
2011 Welfare writes. 'Migration' from incapacity benefit to employment and support allowance (ESA).
58  Employment Standards Administration
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
ETA (2 times)
INS (2 times)
INA (1 time)
1991 Labor condition applications and requirements for employers using aliens on H-1B visas in specialty occupations--Department of Labor. Interinal final rule; request for comments.
59  encoding success activity
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MTLs (2 times)
PFC (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2005 Neural correlates of relational memory: successful encoding and retrieval of semantic and perceptual associations.
60  Endocardial septal ablation
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
HOCM (2 times)
SRT (1 time)
2016 Role of endocardial septal ablation in the treatment of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
61  engineered SDF polypeptide analog
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
SDF (2 times)
EPCs (1 time)
2011 Computational protein design to reengineer stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha generates an effective and translatable angiogenic polypeptide analog.
62  environmental sound awareness
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
FEST-I (2 times)
CIC (1 time)
2017 The Relationship Between Environmental Sound Awareness and Speech Recognition Skills in Experienced Cochlear Implant Users.
63  erector spinae aponeurosis
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
TLF (1 time)
1994 Erector spinae lever arm length variations with changes in spinal curvature.
64  ES antigen
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ES (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
FcgammaRI (1 time)
2003 [Studies on specific diagnostic antigens in excretory-secretory products from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae].
65  Ethyl-Stains-all
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
1983 Detection in milk of a 60,000 Mr mouse and a 68,000 Mr human phosphorylated glycoprotein by histochemical analysis on polyacrylamide gels.
66  Event structure analysis
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2001 Understanding the dynamics of illness and help-seeking: event-structure analysis and a Cambodian-American narrative of "spirit invasion".
67  excess surface area
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
HF (1 time)
LF (1 time)
1997 Effect of cholesterol content in diet on capillary flow of rat erythrocytes. Part I: geometric and flow characteristics.
68  exchange structure analysis
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
ECPs (1 time)
2012 Casual conversations between individuals with traumatic brain injury and their friends.
69  Exposure-Sensitivity-Adaptive capacity
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BTH (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
2016 Vulnerability assessment of atmospheric environment driven by human impacts.
70  extended subfrontal approach
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Direct and remote outcome after treatment of tumours involving the central skull base with the extended subfrontal approach.
71  extracellular soluble antigen
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Immunological and chemical characterization of the extracellular antigens from Corynebacterium vaginale.
72  extremum search algorithm
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
BRS (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
LV (1 time)
2012 Baroreflex sensitivity controller by intra-aortic pump: a potential benefit for heart recovery.
73  7-ethylsalicylideneaniline
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ESIPT (1 time)
PSBA (1 time)
2002 Excited state proton transfer reaction of two new intramolecularly hydrogen bonded Schiff bases at room temperature and 77K.
74  alachlor-ethanesulfonic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
OXA (1 time)
2007 Determination of alachlor, metolachlor, and their acidic metabolites in soils by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) combined with solid phase extraction (SPE) coupled with GC-MS and HPLC-UV analysis.
75  cis-9,10-epoxy stearic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Epoxy Stearic Acid, an Oxidative Product Derived from Oleic Acid, Induces Cytotoxicity, Oxidative Stress, and Apoptosis in HepG2 Cells.
76  E and SA
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NREM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2011 Strength training, walking, and social activity improve sleep in nursing home and assisted living residents: randomized controlled trial.
77  early life sexual abuse
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
MRMD's (1 time)
OT (1 time)
2015 The influence of early life sexual abuse on oxytocin concentrations and premenstrual symptomatology in women with a menstrually related mood disorder.
78  early school- aged children
(1 time)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
MABC (1 time)
PEDI (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2008 Motor performance and functional ability in preschool- and early school-aged children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: a cross-sectional study.
79  early screening areas
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FIT (1 time)
gFOBT (1 time)
2015 Impact on colorectal cancer mortality of screening programmes based on the faecal immunochemical test.
80  early sites of activation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
STAR (1 time)
2019 Development, in vitro validation and human application of a novel method to identify arrhythmia mechanisms: The stochastic trajectory analysis of ranked signals mapping method.
81  early sub-acute
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
LSA (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2013 Acute and late changes in intraarticular cytokine levels following anterior cruciate ligament injury.
82  early-strength accelerator
(1 time)
GBFS (1 time)
2017 Improvement of Early Strength of Cement Mortar Containing Granulated Blast Furnace Slag Using Industrial Byproducts.
83  East South Africa
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
WCA (1 time)
2017 Mapping Water Stress Incidence and Intensity, Optimal Plant Populations, and Cultivar Duration for African Groundnut Productivity Enhancement.
84  Eastern Saudi Arabia
(1 time)
Virus Diseases
(1 time)
IBV (1 time)
2017 Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analyses of virulent infectious bronchitis viruses isolated from chickens in Eastern Saudi Arabia.
85  eastern Southern Alps
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
2017 The topography of a continental indenter: The interplay between crustal deformation, erosion, and base level changes in the eastern Southern Alps.
86  eccentric tissue proliferation and strong signal attenuation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
DES (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2016 The clinical characteristics and prognosis of lesions with in-stent eccentric tissue proliferation and strong signal attenuation detected by optical coherence tomography.
87  eccrine spiradenoma
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1981 Multiple linear spiradenomas.
88  echo signal amplifier
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2002 [Scar or recurrence--comparison of MRI and color-coded ultrasound with echo signal amplifiers].
89  eclipta saponin A
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
EXT (1 time)
2015 Preventive effects of Ecliptae Herba extract and its component, ecliptasaponin A, on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice.
90  Ecological Structure Analysis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Broad-scale patterns of late jurassic dinosaur paleoecology.
91  ecological-symbolic approach
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2008 Hazard perception, risk perception, and the need for decontamination by residents exposed to soil pollution: the role of sustainability and the limits of expert knowledge.
92  ecosystem services approach
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
2016 Advances and challenges of incorporating ecosystem services into impact assessment.
93  education session attendance
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
2015 Participant adherence indicators predict changes in blood pressure, anthropometric measures, and self-reported physical activity in a lifestyle intervention: HUB city steps.
94  eel-serum agglutinin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
RCA (1 time)
1980 Comparative lectin-binding and agglutination properties of the strain-specific, TA-3-St, and the non-strain-specific, TA3-Ha, murine mammary carcinoma ascites sublines. Further studies of receptors in epiglycanin.
95  efficient search algorithm
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
eng (1 time)
etp (1 time)
2010 A trade-off relationship between energetic cost and entropic cost for in vitro evolution.
96  eggs had higher weight, surface area
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2004 Effect of lighted incubation on embryonic growth and hatchability performance of two strains of layer breeder eggs.
97  eigenshape annotator
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 Searching for motifs in the behaviour of larval Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans reveals continuity between behavioural states.
98  elastic spring apparatus
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2015 Variation in swim bladder drumming sounds from three doradid catfish species with similar sonic morphologies.
99  elder sexual abuse
(1 time)
Psychiatric Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2018 Professionals' Awareness of Sexual Abuse in Late Life: An Exploratory Survey.
100  electric swing adsorption
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Challenges of electric swing adsorption for CO(2) capture.