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Abbreviation: ESC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem cell
(1181 times)
Cell Biology
(322 times)
iPSC (79 times)
iPSCs (74 times)
EB (43 times)
1987 Establishment of embryonic stem cell lines from preimplantation mouse embryos homozygous for lethal mutations in the t-complex.
European Society of Cardiology
(722 times)
Cardiology
(376 times)
AHA (63 times)
HF (48 times)
ACC (43 times)
1995 [Prevention of coronary disease in clinical practice. Recommendations of the Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) and European Society of Hypertension (ESH)].
endometrial stromal cells
(165 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(81 times)
IL (20 times)
EEC (9 times)
IGFBP-1 (8 times)
1991 Interleukin-1 inhibits in vitro decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells.
extended-spectrum cephalosporin
(87 times)
Microbiology
(25 times)
ESBL (20 times)
PFGE (10 times)
MLST (9 times)
2001 Sentinel surveillance as an alternative approach for monitoring antibiotic-resistant invasive pneumococcal disease in Washington State.
escitalopram
(57 times)
Psychopharmacology
(22 times)
MDD (8 times)
VEN (8 times)
SSRI (7 times)
2005 Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method for simultaneous determination of venlafaxine and its active metabolite O-desmethyl venlafaxine in human plasma.
enteric septicemia of catfish
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
QTL (3 times)
WT (3 times)
AMPs (2 times)
1997 Immunization with bacterial antigens: edwardsiellosis.
electrochemical skin conductance
(43 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CAN (6 times)
VPT (6 times)
DPN (5 times)
2010 A new simple method for assessing sudomotor function: relevance in type 2 diabetes.
electronic stability control
(36 times)
Traumatology
(25 times)
LOC (3 times)
SUVs (3 times)
MVCs (2 times)
2004 Effect of electronic stability control on automobile crash risk.
endometrial serous carcinoma
(19 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
EEC (4 times)
IHC (4 times)
CCC (2 times)
1998 Distinctive p53 and mdm2 immunohistochemical expression profiles suggest different pathogenetic pathways in poorly differentiated endometrial carcinoma.
10  epidermal stem cells
(19 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
CK19 (3 times)
EMF (2 times)
PDH (2 times)
2002 Stem cells (p63(+)) in keratinocyte cultures from human adult skin.
11  esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CGH (3 times)
LOH (3 times)
FISH (2 times)
1991 Genetic analysis of human esophageal tumors from two high incidence geographic areas: frequent p53 base substitutions and absence of ras mutations.
12  extent of shape change
(16 times)
Hematology
(14 times)
HSR (12 times)
PCs (4 times)
PLT (4 times)
1997 Some correlations between light transmission changes and some commonly used in vitro assays for the assessment of platelet concentrates.
13  environmental stress cracking
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
ESEM (2 times)
alpha 2M (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1983 Implant experience with unipolar polyurethane pacing leads.
14  esophageal squamous carcinoma
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IR (2 times)
OPN (2 times)
BTG3 (1 time)
1997 p53 alterations but no human papillomavirus infection in preinvasive and advanced squamous esophageal cancer in Italy.
15  end-state comfort
(8 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BSC (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2010 Evolutionary roots of motor planning: the end-state comfort effect in lemurs.
16  Extra Sex Combs
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
PcG (8 times)
ESCL (1 time)
MSI1 (1 time)
1998 The murine Polycomb-group gene eed and its human orthologue: functional implications of evolutionary conservation.
17  ES cell
(7 times)
Science
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
BM (1 time)
BRCA1 (1 time)
2007 A gene regulatory network in mouse embryonic stem cells.
18  endoscopic strip craniectomy
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
FOA (2 times)
UCS (2 times)
2011 Endoscopic strip craniectomy in early infancy: the initial five years of anesthesia experience.
19  enhanced standard care
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
JRA (2 times)
ADOS (1 time)
2005 Prevention of osteoporosis: a randomized clinical trial to increase calcium intake in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
20  enteric septicemia of channel catfish
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
RPS (1 time)
USP (1 time)
2013 Tricarboxylic acid cycle and one-carbon metabolism pathways are important in Edwardsiella ictaluri virulence.
21  effect-site concentration
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BP (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2009 Dexmedetomidine suppresses the decrease in blood pressure during anesthetic induction and blunts the cardiovascular response to tracheal intubation.
22  epithelial stem cell
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2004 Heterogeneous populations of bone marrow stem cells--are we spotting on the same cells from the different angles?
23  Esculetin
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
Ca-PGA (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2011 Esculetin ameliorates carbon tetrachloride-mediated hepatic apoptosis in rats.
24  epididymal sperm count
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DSP (2 times)
AARR (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2007 Effect of chronic treatment with three varieties of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on reproductive parameters and DNA quantification in adult male rats.
25  escalating
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMPH (2 times)
DA (1 time)
DMTs (1 time)
2003 Amphetamine withdrawal modulates FosB expression in mesolimbic dopaminergic target nuclei: effects of different schedules of administration.
26  Esophageal Cancer
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RCT (2 times)
DWI (1 time)
DWIBS (1 time)
2002 Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 11 in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.
27  esophageal squamous cell cancer
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1995 p53 overexpression in the multistep process of esophageal carcinogenesis.
28  European Stationary Cycle
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DOC (2 times)
PM (2 times)
SCR (2 times)
2008 Combination of biodiesel-ethanol-diesel fuel blend and SCR catalyst assembly to reduce emissions from a heavy-duty diesel engine.
29  European Stroke Council
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EFNS (4 times)
ENS (4 times)
EUSI (4 times)
2000 European Stroke Initiative recommendations for stroke management. European Stroke Council, European Neurological Society and European Federation of Neurological Societies.
30  extremum seeking control
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
DFIG (1 time)
SEO (1 time)
SSC (1 time)
2007 Application of extremum seeking control to turbodynamic blood pumps.
31  early secretory compartment
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RB (2 times)
ER (1 time)
ERAD (1 time)
2010 Pathogenesis of ER storage disorders: modulating Russell body biogenesis by altering proximal and distal quality control.
32  Eat, Sleep, Console
(3 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
NAS (3 times)
FNASS (1 time)
PDSA (1 time)
2018 A Novel Approach to Assessing Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.
33  electron-selective contact
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PSCs (2 times)
FSA (1 time)
MHPs (1 time)
2016 Efficient Regular Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Pristine [70]Fullerene as Electron-Selective Contact.
34  end-systolic counts
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EDC (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1982 [Assessment of left ventricular function at rest and during exercise by gated cardiac blood pool scan and pressure measurement of the pulmonary artery by Swan-Ganz catheter].
35  English-speaking Caribbean
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2012 Mental health policy and service system development in the English-speaking Caribbean.
36  enhanced supportive care
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
IPOS (1 time)
LRFN (1 time)
2018 A novel approach to improving ambulatory outpatient management of low risk febrile neutropenia: an Enhanced Supportive Care (ESC) clinic.
37  eosinophilic solid and cystic
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
2SC (1 time)
FH (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2018 Re-evaluation of 33 'unclassified' eosinophilic renal cell carcinomas in young patients.
38  escitalopram oxalate
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
CLO (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
2008 Spectrophotometric and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic methods for simultaneous determination of escitalopram oxalate and clonazepam in combined tablet dosage form.
39  esculin
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2011 Candida palmioleophila: characterization of a previously overlooked pathogen and its unique susceptibility profile in comparison with five related species.
40  European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EHF (2 times)
2016 Proposal to inform European institutions regarding the regulation of conscientious objection to abortion.
41  European steady-state cycle
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BaPeq (1 time)
CO (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2011 Effects of continuously regenerating diesel particulate filters on regulated emissions and number-size distribution of particles emitted from a diesel engine.
42  extended strip craniectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
COS (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
2014 Surgical treatment of sagittal synostosis by extended strip craniectomy: cranial index, nasofrontal angle, reoperation rate, and a review of the literature.
43  early signalling complex
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TCR (2 times)
ERK (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2010 T-cell receptor early signalling complex activation in response to interferon-alpha receptor stimulation.
44  Ecological Status Class
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EEI (1 time)
WB (1 time)
WFD (1 time)
2008 Benthic macrophytes as a tool for delineating, monitoring and assessing ecological status: the case of Slovenian coastal waters.
45  economic, social, and cultural
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Human rights from the grassroots up: Vermont's campaign for universal health care.
46  egg shell colour
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AW (1 time)
BW (1 time)
Dtol (1 time)
2005 Heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in brown-egg dwarf layers.
47  electrically stimulated contraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DTG (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PGE2 (1 time)
1986 Angiotensin peptides and prostaglandin E2 synthesis: modulation of neurogenic responses in the rabbit vas deferens.
48  Electron storage capacity
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Chemical methods for determining the electron storage capacity of black carbon.
49  electrostatic charge
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
pMDI (2 times)
DC (1 time)
nonDC (1 time)
2000 Aerosol delivery from spacers in wheezy infants: a daily life study.
50  embryonic SC
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
HSC (1 time)
2001 Stimulation of myelin gene expression in vitro and of sciatic nerve remyelination by interleukin-6 receptor-interleukin-6 chimera.
51  emergency subtotal colectomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
POS (1 time)
1999 Emergency subtotal colectomy as treatment of choice in obstructing carcinomas of the left colon.
52  endogenous spleen colonies
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
HU (1 time)
1990 Hydroxyurea as a suppressor of the radioprotective effect of dextran sulfate on bone marrow hemopoietic stem cells in mice.
53  English-speaking countries
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DOR (1 time)
FB (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2002 Elderly suicide rates in Asian and English-speaking countries.
54  enteric septicemia
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
2003 Safety of Aquaflor (florfenicol, 50% type A medicated article), administered in feed to channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus.
55  Environmental Safety Check
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PESR (1 time)
PNEC (1 time)
2017 A risk-based, product-level approach for assuring aquatic environmental safety of cleaning products in the context of sustainability: The Environmental Safety Check (ESC) scheme of the A.I.S.E. Charter for Sustainable Cleaning.
56  Eosinophilic syncytial change
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AESCs (1 time)
EECC (1 time)
pHH3 (1 time)
2008 Endometrial eosinophilic syncytial change related to breakdown: immunohistochemical evidence suggests a regressive process.
57  epitelias splenic cysts
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1989 [Epidermoid cyst of the spleen in a newborn infant. Prenatal diagnosis and partial splenectomy].
58  epithelial cell surface coat
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GBM (2 times)
LRE (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
1986 Ultrastructural alterations of glomerular anionic sites in idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis.
59  equine satellite cells
(2 times)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
HMB (1 time)
2018 Effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate on miRNA expression in differentiating equine satellite cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide.
60  erythropoietin-sensitive cells
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1979 Hormonal control of gene expression: differential activation of rat bone marrow RNA polymerases by erythropoietin and testosterone.
61  escape
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AVOID (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
BNST (1 time)
2008 Nitric oxide involvement and neural substrates of the conditioned and innate fear as evaluated in the T-maze test in rats.
62  ESCAROLA
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AHL (1 time)
SOB3 (1 time)
sob3-4 (1 time)
2008 The AT-hook-containing proteins SOB3/AHL29 and ESC/AHL27 are negative modulators of hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis.
63  European Cardiology Society
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ABs (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2015 Post resuscitation care--some words of caution and a call for action.
64  Evaluation to Sign Consent
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Reliability and validity of the evaluation to sign consent measure.
65  event-synchronous interference canceller
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
AGC (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
2000 New aspects to event-synchronous cancellation of ECG interference: an application of the method in diaphragmatic EMG signals.
66  evolutionarily stable coalition
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ESS (2 times)
2009 Evolution of predator and prey movement into sink habitats.
67  expected satiating capacity
(2 times)
--- 2016 Yogurt viscosity and fruit pieces affect satiating capacity expectations.
68  extra sex comb
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
BP (1 time)
clf (1 time)
2004 FIE and CURLY LEAF polycomb proteins interact in the regulation of homeobox gene expression during sporophyte development.
69  extraction socket classification
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BIC (1 time)
MBL (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
2012 Alveolar bone remodeling around immediate implants placed in accordance with the extraction socket classification: a three-dimensional microcomputed tomography analysis.
70  extrasplanchnic clearance
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DHT (2 times)
MCR (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1978 The extrasplanchnic origin of blood dihydrotestosterone in elderly men.
71  EyeSeeCam
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
HV (1 time)
vHIT (1 time)
VOR (1 time)
2015 Effects of aging on eye movements in the real world.
72  cell-macrophage-endometrial stromal cell
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
1-MT (1 time)
IDO1 (1 time)
MRC2 (1 time)
2016 1-Methyl-tryptophan attenuates regulatory T cells differentiation due to the inhibition of estrogen-IDO1-MRC2 axis in endometriosis.
73  E. coli isolates with cephalosporin resistance
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2016 Mechanisms of cephalosporin resistance in indicator Escherichia coli isolated from food animals.
74  early stage corn
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2017 Fermentation quality and nutritive value of total mixed ration silages based on desert wormwood (Artemisia desertorum Spreng.) combining with early stage corn.
75  early surgical closure
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
IPAA (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2019 Endo-sponge assisted early surgical closure of ileal pouch-anal anastomotic leakage preserves long-term function: a cohort study.
76  early systolic closure
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AoF (1 time)
AoV (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
1986 Temporal relationship between early systolic closure of the aortic valve and aortic flow: experimental study with and without systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve.
77  Early systolic closure of the aortic valve
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Aortic valve closure during early or middle systole.
78  early-successional coniferous forests
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DEC (1 time)
LSC (1 time)
2015 Net aboveground biomass declines of four major forest types with forest ageing and climate change in western Canada's boreal forests.
79  East China Sea
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AHs (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
2019 Occurrence and origins of biomarker aliphatic hydrocarbons and their indications in surface sediments of the East China Sea.
80  ECG in athletes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
FIFA (1 time)
2011 Is there evidence for mandating electrocardiogram as part of the pre-participation examination?
81  ecotoxicity soil chronic
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EWA (1 time)
EWC (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2019 Soil biotreatment effectiveness for reducing global warming potential from main polluting tillage operations in life cycle assessment phase.
82  Education Standing Committee
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
ICM (1 time)
2018 Factors affecting quality of midwifery students learning in the workplace: Results of two ICM congress workshops.
83  education, self-care and exercise
(1 time)
Manipulation, Chiropractic
(1 time)
IMT (1 time)
TMD (1 time)
2013 Intra-oral myofascial therapy versus education and self-care in the treatment of chronic, myogenous temporomandibular disorder: a randomised, clinical trial.
84  effect of S. cincta Burkill
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ANIT (1 time)
2017 Analyzing the hepatoprotective effect of the Swertia cincta Burkillextract against ANIT-induced cholestasis in rats by modulating the expression of transporters and metabolic enzymes.
85  effect of Stellera Chamaejasme L extract
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2012 In vitro inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effect of Stellera chamaejasme L extract on human lung cancer cell line NCI-H157.
86  eggshell calcium
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
MC (1 time)
OSC (1 time)
2017 Effects of Various Calcium Powders as Replacers for Synthetic Phosphate on the Quality Properties of Ground Pork Meat Products.
87  Ehrlich solid carcinoma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
i.p (1 time)
i.t (1 time)
MNPs (1 time)
2014 Magnetite nanoparticles inhibit tumor growth and upregulate the expression of p53/p16 in Ehrlich solid carcinoma bearing mice.
88  elastic sequence correlation
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DTW (1 time)
2011 Elastic sequence correlation for human action analysis.
89  electric shock convulsions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ECS (1 time)
1993 Electric shock convulsions in the rabbit and brain cortex GABAA receptor function.
90  electric short circuit
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2018 Visual and oxide analysis for identification of electrical fire scene.
91  electric stimulation cycling
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
WISCI II (1 time)
2007 An electric stimulation cycling protocol for gait in incomplete spinal cord injury.
92  electrical stimulus capsule
(1 time)
Surgery, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
--- 2009 Implemented edge shape of an electrical stimulus capsule.
93  ELECTRO SENSOR COMPLEX
(1 time)
Equipment and Supplies
(1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2011 Comparing the accuracy of ES-BC, EIS-GS, and ES Oxi on body composition, autonomic nervous system activity, and cardiac output to standardized assessments.
94  electroconvulsive shock
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
HTR (1 time)
1994 The effect of chronic administration of antidepressants and electroconvulsive shock on the 5-HT1A receptor mediated hypothermic response induced by 8-OH-DPAT in the rat.
95  electrolyte substrate as support
(1 time)
--- 2016 Influence of Electrode Design and Contacting Layers on Performance of Electrolyte Supported SOFC/SOEC Single Cells.
96  electronic structure calculation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
QM/MM (1 time)
2009 Computational vibrational spectroscopy of peptides and proteins in one and two dimensions.
97  electronic surface compensation
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
SFF (1 time)
2012 Simplified field-in-field technique for a large-scale implementation in breast radiation treatment.
98  electrophilic selenium catalysis
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Electrophilic Selenium Catalysis with Electrophilic N-F Reagents as the Oxidants.
99  electrostatic chucks
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
EELS (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2010 Microstructures and electrical properties of TiO(2)-doped Al(2)O(3) ceramics.
100  electrostimulation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
2001 Dai-kenchu-to enhances accelerated small intestinal movement.