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Abbreviation: ESD
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Long forms: 166

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endoscopic submucosal dissection
(2175 times)
Gastroenterology
(1198 times)
EMR (315 times)
EGC (276 times)
CI (89 times)
0 The efficacy of treatment of local residual neoplasia under standardized conditions.
esterase D
(122 times)
Genetics, Medical
(50 times)
ADA (14 times)
ACP (13 times)
AK (12 times)
1975 The distribution of polymorphic traits in atopic asthmatic patients.
entrance surface dose
(119 times)
Radiology
(46 times)
DAP (21 times)
TLDs (12 times)
AP (8 times)
1996 Influence of dose reduction recommendations on changes in chest radiography techniques.
entrance skin dose
(71 times)
Radiology
(26 times)
DAP (16 times)
AP (7 times)
PCI (7 times)
1998 Patient and staff radiation dose in fluoroscopy-guided TIPS procedures and dose reduction, using dedicated fluoroscopy exposure settings.
environmental sex determination
(44 times)
Biology
(22 times)
GSD (16 times)
TSD (7 times)
Dsx (1 time)
1988 Embryonic temperature determines adult sexuality in a reptile.
end-systolic diameter
(37 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
EDD (26 times)
LV (15 times)
EF (14 times)
1971 Effects of cardiac depression and of anesthesia on the myocardial action of a cardiac glycoside.
end-systolic dimension
(37 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
EDD (23 times)
LV (17 times)
EF (9 times)
1978 Alterations in ventricular mass and performance induced by exercise training in man evaluated by echocardiography.
electron-stimulated desorption
(34 times)
Chemistry
(25 times)
DEA (6 times)
HREELS (5 times)
ML (5 times)
1998 Absolute and effective cross-sections for low-energy electron-scattering processes within condensed matter.
early supported discharge
(29 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
ADL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
GOTVED (2 times)
2001 [Intervention for apoplexy patients discharged from hospital. Physical training: a literature review].
10  electrostatic spray deposition
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
CaP (8 times)
CA (2 times)
EDS (2 times)
2003 Electrostatic spray deposition (ESD) of calcium phosphate coatings.
11  electrospray deposition
(21 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
SEM (4 times)
AFM (1 time)
alpha-LA (1 time)
1999 Electrospray deposition as a method for mass fabrication of mono- and multicomponent microarrays of biological and biologically active substances.
12  effective scatterer diameter
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(8 times)
QUS (12 times)
EAC (11 times)
BSC (3 times)
2009 Improved diagnostics through quantitative ultrasound imaging.
13  electrostatic discharge
(17 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
AO (2 times)
CNT (2 times)
HBM (2 times)
2006 Reliability in the oxide vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers exposed to electrostatic discharge.
14  esophageal squamous dysplasia
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
ESCC (9 times)
OR (2 times)
BANCR (1 time)
2002 Esophageal squamous dysplasia.
15  end-systolic
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
EDD (10 times)
LV (7 times)
EF (5 times)
1981 Comparative echocardiographic examinations in sitting and supine position at rest and during dynamic exercise.
16  emulsion solvent diffusion
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
PLGA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
2007 Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) of tretinoin: potential in topical delivery.
17  endolymphatic sac decompression
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
MD (3 times)
EDB (2 times)
AAO-HNS (1 time)
2006 Sac surgery results as a function of preoperative distress level.
18  equivalent spherical diameter
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Chl a (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DO (1 time)
1994 Ingestion of Ultraplankton by the Planktonic Larvae of the Crown-of-Thorns Starfish, Acanthaster planci.
19  Extended Scale for Dementia
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (4 times)
ALS (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
1986 Cell loss from the nucleus basalis of Meynert in Alzheimer's disease.
20  endoscopic staple diverticulostomy
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ZD (3 times)
ET (1 time)
pESD (1 time)
1999 Endoscopic stapling diverticulostomy for Zenker's diverticulum.
21  electron spectroscopic diffraction
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
ESI (3 times)
EDX (2 times)
EELS (2 times)
1991 Electron spectroscopic diffraction and imaging of the early and mature stages of calcium phosphate formation in the epiphyseal growth plate.
22  elevated surface dust
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
FD (4 times)
PBDEs (3 times)
BD (1 time)
2016 Distribution pattern of legacy and "novel" brominated flame retardants in different particle size fractions of indoor dust in Birmingham, United Kingdom.
23  endoscopic stapler-assisted diverticulotomy
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
ELD (2 times)
ZD (1 time)
2006 Endoscopic stapler-assisted Zenker's diverticulotomy: which is the best operative facility?
24  Epizootic shell disease
(5 times)
Biology
(3 times)
SNE (1 time)
2007 Host susceptibility hypothesis for shell disease in American lobsters.
25  experimental sterilizing dose
(5 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
MRD (3 times)
1967 Radiation sterilization of prototype military foods. II. Cured ham.
26  ectopic spontaneous discharge
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DRG (3 times)
CCI (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
1999 Relationship between calcium-dependent potassium channel and ectopic spontaneous discharges of injured dorsal root ganglion neurons in the rat.
27  emission scan duration
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CNR (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2007 Impact of target-to-background ratio, target size, emission scan duration, and activity on physical figures of merit for a 3D LSO-based whole body PET/CT scanner.
28  Entrance surface doses
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
1996 A comparison of doses and techniques between specialist and non-specialist centres in the diagnostic X-ray imaging of children.
29  epilepsy spectrum disorder
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CPS (1 time)
1992 The phenomenology of multiple partial seizure-like symptoms without stereotyped spells: an epilepsy spectrum disorder?
30  expected standard deviation
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CRMs (1 time)
NPA (1 time)
1998 The 0.78 A structure of a serine protease: Bacillus lentus subtilisin.
31  Ecologically Sustainable Development
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NCP (1 time)
NRM (1 time)
SDM (1 time)
2002 Precaution, prediction, proof, and policy assessment.
32  energy spectral density
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
FUS (1 time)
2011 Phase-modulated waveform design for extended target detection in the presence of clutter.
33  energy storage density
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
LIC (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
PDE (1 time)
2017 Large Energy Density, Excellent Thermal Stability, and High Cycling Endurance of Lead-Free BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3 Film Capacitors.
34  energybased surgical devices
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
EEMG (1 time)
RLN (1 time)
2008 Tissue response to surgical energy devices.
35  esterase D gene
(3 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
hr (1 time)
1987 Re-evaluation of the sublocalization of esterase D and its relation to the retinoblastoma locus by in situ hybridization.
36  extended spatial decorrelation
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
dB (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2000 Principal component analysis and blind separation of sources for optical imaging of intrinsic signals.
37  early sexual debut
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
PPM (1 time)
STIs (1 time)
YBM (1 time)
2015 The influence of early sexual debut and pubertal timing on psychological distress among Taiwanese adolescents.
38  early sleep deprivation
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
LSD (2 times)
LL (1 time)
MF (1 time)
1993 A clinical trial of sleep deprivation in combination with antidepressant medication.
39  early summer dormancy
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EGS (2 times)
LGS (2 times)
LSD (2 times)
1987 Steers grazing blue grama rangeland throughout the growing season. I. Dietary composition, intake, digesta kinetics and ruminal fermentation.
40  early supported discharge and continued rehabilitation at home
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2005 A randomized controlled trial of early supported discharge and continued rehabilitation at home after stroke: five-year follow-up of patient outcome.
41  early symptomatic diagnosis
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CF (2 times)
EAD (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
2001 Early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in the newborn period and risk of Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition in the first 10 years of life: A registry-based longitudinal study.
42  early-night sleep deprivation
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CREB (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
MMD (1 time)
2000 Can critically timed sleep deprivation be useful in pregnancy and postpartum depressions?
43  early-stage dementia
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
MCI (1 time)
2005 Palliative care for end-stage dementia: a discussion of the implications for education of health care professionals.
44  early-stage disease
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
NS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2013 Screening behaviors and cultural barriers in women with newly diagnosed cervical cancer.
45  effective stroke direction
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Metachronal activity of cultured mucociliary epithelium under normal and stimulated conditions.
46  egg-size dimorphism
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2013 Extreme intraclutch egg-size dimorphism in Eudyptes penguins, an evolutionary response to clutch-size maladaptation.
47  electroshock devices
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2017 [The topical problems of the application of the TASER electroshock devices].
48  electrostatic droplets
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MFD (1 time)
2011 Electrostatic droplets assisted synthesis of alginate microcapsules.
49  electrostatic self-assembly deposition
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LbL (2 times)
2005 Synthesis and photoluminescent properties of titanate layered oxides intercalated with lanthanide cations by electrostatic self-assembly methods.
50  emulsification and spray-drying
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EFD (2 times)
HSA (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
2005 Comparison of post-emulsification freeze drying or spray drying processes for the microencapsulation of plasmid DNA.
51  endoscopic dissection
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
SFF (1 time)
2016 Flex-rigid pleuroscopic biopsy with the SB knife Jr is a novel technique for diagnosis of malignant or benign fibrothorax.
52  endoscopic sclerosis with diathermy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PFSTs (1 time)
PSF (1 time)
2014 [Endoscopic sclerosis with pneumatic distension for pyriform sinus fistula treatment].
53  endoscopic sphincter dilation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ESWL (1 time)
ML (1 time)
1999 Endoscopic sphincter dilation in patients with bile duct stones: immediate and medium-term results.
54  Endoscopic Stapled Esophago-divertisculostomy
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ZD (1 time)
2017 Treatment of Zenker's Diverticulum With Endoscopic Stapled Esophago-divertisculostomy (ESD): Analysis of Long-term Outcome.
55  endoscopic suturing device
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
END (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
LES (1 time)
2005 New endoscopic treatments for gastroesophageal reflux disease.
56  endurance training with a standard diet
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EHFD (2 times)
HFD (2 times)
CHFD (1 time)
2014 The effect of eight weeks endurance training and high-fat diet on appetite-regulating hormones in rat plasma.
57  equilibrium space division
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
--- 1981 Supracellular structural principle and geometry of blood vessels.
58  equivalent screw displacement
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
FEM (1 time)
RUD (1 time)
TC (1 time)
1986 The in vivo kinematics of the rheumatoid wrist.
59  equivalent stochastic dose
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
EUD (1 time)
EUSD (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2005 EUD-based radiotherapy treatment plan evaluation: incorporating physical and Monte Carlo statistical dose uncertainties.
60  error standard deviations
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1994 Evaluation of machine, technician, and interpreter effects on ultrasonic measures of backfat and longissimus muscle area in beef cattle.
61  ESD group
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EGC (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
TLDG (1 time)
2010 Predictive factors for local recurrence after endoscopic resection for early gastric cancer: long-term clinical outcome in a single-center experience.
62  estimated skin doses
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
2004 Safety evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica) derived pesticides.
63  estradiol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
1993 Exogenous administration of estradiol and cholecystokinin alters exocrine pancreatic function in rats.
64  extreme studentized deviate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
OLR (1 time)
2010 A recursive version of Grubbs' test for detecting multiple outliers in environmental and chemical data.
65  7-ethoxyresorufin deethylase
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
1994 The structure-activity relationships of flavonoids as inhibitors of cytochrome P-450 enzymes in rat liver microsomes and the mutagenicity of 2-amino-3-methyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline.
66  alpha-estradiol
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
DHEQ (1 time)
DHEQN (1 time)
Eq (1 time)
1996 Quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship study of six underivatized equine estrogens.
67  Cohen's D
(1 time)
ESF (1 time)
GRF (1 time)
2017 External kinetics of the kettlebell snatch in amateur lifters.
68  corresponding standard deviation
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
FH (1 time)
1996 A regression method including chronological and bone age for predicting final height in Turner's syndrome, with a comparison of existing methods.
69  early discharge with rehabilitation provided in the community
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
MD (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Early supported discharge services for people with acute stroke.
70  early discontinuation
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BPAR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2009 Clinicopathologic evaluation of short-term outcome after early corticosteroid discontinuation in kidney transplantation.
71  early night partial sleep deprivation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
NC (1 time)
PMDD (1 time)
1997 Temperature circadian rhythms during the menstrual cycle and sleep deprivation in premenstrual dysphoric disorder and normal comparison subjects.
72  early sexual developmental
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
RPL16A (1 time)
2000 The rpl16a gene for ribosomal protein L16A identified from expressed sequence tags is differentially expressed during sexual development of Aspergillus nidulans.
73  Early steroid discontinuation
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
PTDM (1 time)
2005 Increased risk of post-transplant diabetes mellitus despite early steroid discontinuation in Hispanic kidney transplant recipients.
74  early study discontinuation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AACTG (1 time)
2007 Factors associated with early study discontinuation in AACTG studies, DACS 200.
75  early supported discharge service
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2005 Early supported discharge for stroke patients improves clinical outcome. Does it also reduce use of health services and costs? One-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.
76  Economic Statistical Design
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2013 Economic Statistical Design of integrated X-bar-S control chart with Preventive Maintenance and general failure distribution.
77  ecostress test with Dobutamin
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1996 [Acute myocardial infarct and residual ischemia, Study of 35 patients].
78  education for sustainable development
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Ergonomics and education as a strategy for sustainable development in business.
79  effect of parental food supply on offspring demand
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Parents and offspring in an evolutionary game: the effect of supply on demand when costs of care vary.
80  Effect size differences
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IPA (1 time)
OSO (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2013 Uncovering phantom shocks in cardiac patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.
81  effect size distribution
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2017 Statistical considerations for reporting and planning heart rate variability case-control studies.
82  effective soil depth
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
UFs (1 time)
2016 Characterisation of soils under long-term crop cultivation without fertilisers: a case study in Japan.
83  effective source-to-surface distance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ICF (1 time)
MU (1 time)
ROF (1 time)
2009 A practical approach for electron monitor unit calculation.
84  effective standard dose
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
--- 1979 Remarks about fractionation schemes.
85  effective sterilizing dose
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2005 Predicting age of ovarian failure after radiation to a field that includes the ovaries.
86  egg shell defects
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BWG (1 time)
EM (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2016 Effect of supplementation of crystalline lysine on the performance of WL layers in tropics during summer.
87  egg storage duration
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
ESD3-18C (1 time)
2017 Effect of egg storage duration and brooding temperatures on chick growth, intestine morphology and nutrient transporters.
88  egg-shaped digesters
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2015 A full-scale study of mixing and foaming in egg-shaped anaerobic digesters.
89  Ehrenfest statistical dynamics
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Ehrenfest Statistical Dynamics in Chemistry: Study of Decoherence Effects.
90  elastic modulus standard deviation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
non-GA (1 time)
SWE (1 time)
2017 Value of Shear Wave Elastography in the Diagnosis of Gouty and Non-Gouty Arthritis.
91  electrical size distribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1982 Electrical determination of viability in saline-treated mouse myeloma cells.
92  electrical synapse density
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GJ (1 time)
Tjp1b (1 time)
2017 Asymmetry of an Intracellular Scaffold at Vertebrate Electrical Synapses.
93  electrode tip and the spinneret tip
(1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2018 Enhancing Multiple Jets in Electrospinning: The Role of Auxiliary Electrode.
94  electron spectroscopic diffraction patterns
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EFTEM (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
1994 Morphological and structural studies of early mineral formation in enamel of rat incisors by electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI) and electron spectroscopic diffraction (ESD).
95  electronic software distribution
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GHG (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2012 Methodology to model the energy and greenhouse gas emissions of electronic software distributions.
96  Electronic stun devices
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EMI (1 time)
2009 Electromuscular incapacitation results from stimulation of spinal reflexes.
97  electrophoretic signal data
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Conversion of capillary electrophoresis microchip genotyping data for analysis with Genetic Profiler software.
98  electrostatic discharge materials
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
b-MWCNTs (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2016 Fabrication and characterization of branched carbon nanostructures.
99  electrostatic dissipation
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CNT (1 time)
EMI-shielding (1 time)
2018 Effect of Aspect Ratio on Electrical, Rheological and Glass Transition Properties of PC/MWCNT Nanocomposites.
100  electrostatic drive
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Discharging fused silica optics occluded by an electrostatic drive.