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Abbreviation: ESL
Appearance Frequency: 363 time(s)
Long forms: 78

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
English as a second language
(116 times)
Nursing
(32 times)
HBV (4 times)
EFL (3 times)
EDI (2 times)
1990 Teaching students for whom English is a second language.
eslicarbazepine acetate
(86 times)
Neurology
(49 times)
OXC (23 times)
AEs (14 times)
CBZ (14 times)
2007 Eslicarbazepine acetate (BIA 2-093).
endothelial surface layer
(30 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
EC (2 times)
EM (2 times)
GCX (2 times)
2000 The endothelial surface layer.
E-selectin ligand
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CLA (3 times)
HSV (2 times)
PCa (2 times)
2001 A novel proliferation-associated variant of CFR-1 defined by a human monoclonal antibody.
extended shelf life
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
UHT (2 times)
HTST (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2012 Microbial biodiversity, quality and shelf life of microfiltered and pasteurized extended shelf life (ESL) milk from Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
eslicarbazepine
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PER (4 times)
RTG (3 times)
AEDs (2 times)
2013 Clinical efficacy and safety of the newer antiepileptic drugs as adjunctive treatment in adults with refractory partial-onset epilepsy: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials.
electrical source localization
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
iEEG (1 time)
LORETA (1 time)
2013 Source reconstruction based on subdural EEG recordings adds to the presurgical evaluation in refractory frontal lobe epilepsy.
electroencephalographic source localization
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DOT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2008 EEG source localization in focal epilepsy: where are we now?
electron selective layer
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PSCs (3 times)
BHJ (1 time)
ED-TN (1 time)
2015 Low-Temperature and Solution-Processed Amorphous WO(x) as Electron-Selective Layer for Perovskite Solar Cells.
10  electrostatic levitation
(4 times)
Science
(3 times)
EML (2 times)
QUASI (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
2004 Convection in containerless processing.
11  end-systolic length
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EDL (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
ESP (1 time)
1988 Effect of beta-adrenoceptor stimulation or blockade on regional myocardial function and regional O2 consumption during myocardial ischemia.
12  extra-stent lumen
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
OCT (2 times)
DES (1 time)
EES (1 time)
2010 Late vascular responses from 2 to 4 years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents: serial observations by intracoronary optical coherence tomography.
13  EEG source localization
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BFEC (3 times)
MTLE (3 times)
FEMi (2 times)
2007 Clinical utility of current-generation dipole modelling of scalp EEG.
14  embryonal sarcoma of the liver
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
MHL (2 times)
1998 Third report of t(19q)(13.4) in mesenchymal hamartoma of liver with comments on link to embryonal sarcoma.
15  epinephrine-stimulated lipolysis
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1976 Adipose tissue cell size and lipolysis in the rat: response to exercise intensity and food restriction.
16  ergonomic stress level
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CORDIS (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1989 Ergonomic stress levels, personal characteristics, accident occurrence and sickness absence among factory workers.
17  extended sleeve lobectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
FEV1 (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2005 [Extended sleeve lobectomy including carinaplasty for locally advanced lung cancer].
18  extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPL (1 time)
1990 A novel method to control P+/P- ratio of the shock wave pulses used in the extracorporeal piezoelectric lithotripsy (EPL).
19  East St. Louis
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
NSL (2 times)
1996 Nutritional risk in inner-city-dwelling older black Americans.
20  edge spreading lithography
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2004 Edge spreading lithography and its application to the fabrication of mesoscopic gold and silver rings.
21  electrically stunned
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
DL (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2005 Meat quality in suckling lambs: effect of pre-slaughter handling.
22  endocardial surface length
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAR (2 times)
CMR (2 times)
T2W (2 times)
2009 Quantification of myocardial area at risk with T2-weighted CMR: comparison with contrast-enhanced CMR and coronary angiography.
23  endoscopic sclerotherapy and ligation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
EVL (1 time)
2000 Is the technique of endoscopic sclerotherapy and ligation (ESL) optimum?
24  endoscopic supraglottic laryngectomy
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
GRBAS (1 time)
NFT (1 time)
ONSL (1 time)
2006 Comparison of functional outcomes after endoscopic versus open-neck supraglottic laryngectomies.
25  ethamsylate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPL (1 time)
2004 Sensitive kinetic spectrophotometric determination of captopril and ethamsylate in pharmaceutical preparations and biological fluids.
26  extract of soy leaf
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
7-KC (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
HCD (1 time)
2015 Soy Leaf Extract Containing Kaempferol Glycosides and Pheophorbides Improves Glucose Homeostasis by Enhancing Pancreatic beta-Cell Function and Suppressing Hepatic Lipid Accumulation in db/db Mice.
27  early second-look laparoscopy
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
FbDPs (1 time)
PAI-1 (1 time)
2009 Preoperative predictors of postsurgical adhesion formation and the Prevention of Adhesions with Plasminogen Activator (PAPA-study): results of a clinical pilot study.
28  early senescent leaves
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AAAs (1 time)
LSL (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2014 Transcriptional analyses of natural leaf senescence in maize.
29  early sliding length
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DSCS (1 time)
FNFs (1 time)
2017 Prognostic value of the sliding length of cephalocervical screws to predict the risk of non-union after osteosynthesis: a retrospective analysis of 86 patients with intracapsular femoral neck fractures.
30  early surgical lavage
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CDE (1 time)
TIVAPS (1 time)
2015 Chemotherapy drug extravasation in totally implantable venous access port systems: how effective is early surgical lavage?
31  early systolic lengthening
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
GLS (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2014 Rest global longitudinal 2D strain to detect coronary artery disease in patients undergoing stress echocardiography: a comparison with wall-motion and coronary flow reserve responses.
32  ecological screening levels
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ERL (1 time)
ERM (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2016 Ecological and health risk-based characterization of agricultural soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the vicinity of a chemical plant in China.
33  effort sense of legs
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
iEMG (1 time)
2011 Effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on EMG, effort sense and ventilatory response during intense exercise and subsequent active recovery.
34  elastic strain limit
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Prediction of the elastic strain limit of tendons.
35  elastic subintimal lamina
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
PIH (1 time)
2008 Structural changes in umbilical vessels in pregnancy induced hypertension.
36  Electromagnetic source localization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2012 Anisotropic partial volume CSF modeling for EEG source localization.
37  electron-selective contact layer
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCE (1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
ZMO (1 time)
2016 Magnesium-doped Zinc Oxide as Electron Selective Contact Layers for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells.
38  electron-stimulated luminescence
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ESD (1 time)
2005 Low-energy electron-stimulated luminescence of thin H2O and D2O layers on Pt(111).
39  electrostatic loop
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2016 The Phylogeny and Active Site Design of Eukaryotic Copper-only Superoxide Dismutases.
40  Elephantopus scaber L
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
BK (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2015 Hepatoprotective Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Liver Fibrosis from Ethanol Administration following Partial Hepatectomy.
41  Eleutherococcus senticosus leaves
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TPL (1 time)
2017 MS/MS similarity networking accelerated target profiling of triterpene saponins in Eleutherococcus senticosus leaves.
42  elevated seminal leukocytes
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
2012 The incidence and effect of bacteriospermia and elevated seminal leukocytes on semen parameters.
43  embryonic shear localization
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MGs (1 time)
2015 Direct in situ observation of metallic glass deformation by real-time nano-scale indentation.
44  embryonic stem-like
(1 time)
ESL-L (1 time)
ESL-M (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2016 The use of embryonic cells in the treatment of osteochondral defects of the knee: an ovine in vivo study.
45  end-shortening muscle length
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Mechanical determinants of isotonic relaxation in isolated diaphragm muscle.
46  end-systole
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
LAS (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2016 Reduced long axis strain is associated with heart failure and cardiovascular events in the multi-ethnic study of Atherosclerosis.
47  endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
QL (1 time)
2015 Quality of life after endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy for primary plantar hyperhidrosis.
48  endosulfan lactone
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
ESE (1 time)
2013 Kinetics of the biodegradation pathway of endosulfan in the aerobic and anaerobic environments.
49  Environmental Surveillance Laboratory
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AERB (1 time)
DAE (1 time)
2004 Regulation of nuclear radiation exposures in India.
50  epinephrine maximal stimulated lipolysis
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
FCW (1 time)
1984 The effect of a 20-week endurance training program on adipose-tissue morphology and lipolysis in men and women.
51  epithelial surface length
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESA (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1994 Histomorphometric analysis of age-related changes in epithelial thickness and Langerhans cell density of the human tongue.
52  equivalent single layer
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DOF (1 time)
FE (1 time)
FSDT (1 time)
2014 Modeling of the through-the-thickness electric potentials of a piezoelectric bimorph using the spectral element method.
53  equivalent source layers
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ECL (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
2003 Equivalent physical models and formulation of equivalent source layer in high-resolution EEG imaging.
54  erythematous systemic lupus
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Cerebellar syndrome as first manifestation of late onset systemic lupus erythematosus].
55  estimated stone location
(1 time)
Urolithiasis
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2014 Computed tomography-based novel prediction model for the stone-free rate of ureteroscopic lithotripsy.
56  estradiol level
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
FTL (1 time)
TSL (1 time)
2010 [Relationship between sex steroids and bone density in elderly men].
57  estragole
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
2015 Isolation, characterization and evaluation of antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of estragole, obtained from the essential oil of Croton zehntneri (Euphorbiaceae).
58  European Super League
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
MUF (1 time)
OB (1 time)
PIV (1 time)
2015 The physical demands of Super League rugby: Experiences of a newly promoted franchise.
59  ex vivo STxB labeling
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
HBCx (1 time)
2014 Human breast cancer and lymph node metastases express Gb3 and can be targeted by STxB-vectorized chemotherapeutic compounds.
60  excision site liposuction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 L-brachioplasty: an adaptable technique for moderate to severe excess skin and fat of the arms.
61  excited state lifetime
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2015 100 fs photo-isomerization with vibrational coherences but low quantum yield in Anabaena Sensory Rhodopsin.
62  Exercise stress laryngoscopy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Pediatric Exercise Stress Laryngoscopy following Laryngotracheoplasty: A Comparative Review.
63  expected survival length
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SBA (1 time)
1987 Serum bile-acids in liver cirrhosis: prognostic significance evidenced by a multivariate statistical model.
64  explosive strength loading
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
IEMG (1 time)
1998 Neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in maximal compared to explosive strength loading.
65  extended shelf-life milk
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
VAPGH (1 time)
2013 Potential of the virion-associated peptidoglycan hydrolase HydH5 and its derivative fusion proteins in milk biopreservation.
66  extended SL
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
SL (1 time)
1999 Twenty years of experience with Marullo's supraglottic laryngectomy.
67  Extensive limb swelling
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
aP (1 time)
Hib (1 time)
2017 Extensive swelling of the limb and systemic symptoms after a fourth dose of acellular pertussis containing vaccines in England in children aged 3-6years.
68  external sarcolemma
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NKA (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2007 Functional analysis of Na+/K+-ATPase isoform distribution in rat ventricular myocytes.
69  external shockwave lithotripsy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Use of external shock-wave lithotripsy and adjuvant ursodiol for treatment of radiolucent gallstones. A national multicenter study.
70  external sinus lift
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ISL (1 time)
2011 Survival rates of implants inserted in the maxillary sinus area by internal or external approach.
71  extracorporeal lithotripsy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
UDCA (1 time)
1994 Gall stone pulverisation strategy in patients treated with extracorporeal lithotripsy and follow up results of maintenance treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid.
72  extraction socket length
(1 time)
Dental Implantation
(1 time)
--- 2011 Randomized clinical trial on the efficacy of Escherichia coli-derived rhBMP-2 with beta-TCP/HA in extraction socket.
73  extracts of Solanum lyratum
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Study on apoptosis of human stomach SGC-7901 cells induced by extracts of Solanum lyratum].
74  extrasalivary lymphoma
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
IgH (1 time)
MALT (1 time)
MESA (1 time)
1996 Analysis of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement in myoepithelial sialadenitis by polymerase chain reaction.
75  extreme sea levels
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SLR (1 time)
2017 Understanding extreme sea levels for broad-scale coastal impact and adaptation analysis.
76  eyestalk ligation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
MT (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2014 Functional characterization of neuroendocrine regulation of branchial carbonic anhydrase induction in the euryhaline crab Callinectes sapidus.
77  have skin lesions
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ESC (1 time)
NER (1 time)
Se (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of selenium in biological sample of arsenic exposed female skin lesions and skin cancer patients with related to non-exposed skin cancer patients.
78  semielevated side-lying
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
ESU (1 time)
2014 Efficacy of semielevated side-lying positioning during bottle-feeding of very preterm infants: a pilot study.